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Podewils Laura Jean LJ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Atlanta, - - 2014
We validated cases of active tuberculosis (TB) recorded in the Indian Health Service (IHS) National Patient Information Reporting System (NPIRS) and evaluated the completeness of TB case reporting from IHS facilities to state health departments. We reviewed the medical records of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) patients at IHS health facilities ...
Jeyaseelan Luckshmana L Specialist Registrar, Trauma and Orthopaedics, Barking, Havering and Redbridge National Health Service Trust, London, United - - 2014
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem. According to a recent World Health Organization report, it ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. According to the "UK Health Protection Agency Tuberculosis in the UK: 2012 Report," 8963 cases were reported in the United ...
Campa Pauline P Department of Infectious and Tropical - - 2014
Travel-related schistosomiasis can be detected in patients without symptoms of acute or chronic infection. A case of Schistosoma mekongi acquired in an endemic area of Laos and discovered unexpectedly from colon biopsies taken 5 years after infection is presented here. A literature review of previous cases of S. mekongi infection specifically ...
Oberste M Steven MS From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (M.S.O.), Atlanta, GA; and the Department of Microbiology and Immunology (H.L.L.), University of Illinois at - - 2014
The results of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative that began in 1988 when there was transmission of 350,000 polio cases in 125 countries and has culminated in endemic transmission of only 223 polio cases in 3 countries in 2012 are reviewed.
Link-Gelles Ruth R From the *Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; †Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; and ‡Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
People with HIV initiating combination antiretroviral therapy are at risk for tuberculosis-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS). While this syndrome has been well researched in adults, little is known about the incidence, case fatality, underlying immunopathology and treatment approaches in children. Major databases were searched for articles related to TB-IRIS ...
Al-Awadi Abdul R AR Islamic Organization for Medical Science, P.O. Box 31280 Code 90803, Sulaibekhat, - - 2014
The International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) met in December to review progress towards eradication. The status of the programme was presented by WHO and The Carter Center, Atlanta. The Commission received reports from international certification teams that Cote d'Ivoire, Niger and Nigeria were free of transmission ...
Uppal Navjeet N Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Exposure of health care workers (HCWs) to patients with active TB continues to occur despite implementation of TB control policies. We conducted a root-cause analysis of TB exposures at a tertiary care hospital. Clinical and management details of all confirmed cases identified in 2011 were summarized. Cases were independently reviewed ...
Li Hui H Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100020, - - 2014
Although significant breakthroughs have been achieved in tuberculosis management, we still encounter numerous difficulties in diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Additionally, a new challenge, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) with unspecific clinical presentation, often results in delayed diagnosis. In this paper, we reported a case of disseminated tuberculosis with rare presentation ...
Assouan C C Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery, CHU de Treichville Abidjan, Côte D'Ivoire, - - 2014
Extrapulmonary and extra-spinal tuberculosis (TB) is rare, even in countries where the disease is endemic. Ten percent of these localizations are cervico-facial. Involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is very unusual. We present the features of such a case. We looked for patients managed for TMJ TB in 2 Maxillofacial ...
Basa Johanna J Department of Surgery, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA - - 2014
Among the pediatric population malrotation is the most common cause of volvulus. This paper describes a case of adult malrotation, which progressed to volvulus shortly after appendectomy. It also reviews clinical presentations and diagnostic tools, discusses the recommended management, and considerations when addressing of this rare malady.
Limaiem Faten F Department of Pathology, Mongi Slim Hospital , La Marsa, Tunisia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Many case reports describe tuberculosis (TB) co-existent with a malignant neoplasm. However, the neoplasm in most of these is lung or breast cancer, with only two cases of liver cancer concomitant with TB reported in the literature. Although both TB and cancer are very common diseases, little attention ...
Zakeri Simon Arian SA Department of Colorectal Surgery, Whittington Hospital, London, - - 2014
We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a gangrenous right colon secondary to caecal volvulus, diagnosed postabdominoplasty. To our knowledge, this is the first case recorded in the literature. An emergency right hemicolectomy was performed and the patient had an unremarkable recovery. Given the severity of this incident, ...
Druetz Thomas T Research Centre of the University of Montreal Hospital Centre (CRCHUM), 850 Rue Saint-Denis, Montreal, QC H2X 0A9, Canada School of Public Health, University of Montreal, 7101 Avenue du Parc, Montreal, QC H3N 1X9, Canada Healthbridge, 1 Nicholas Street, Ottawa, ON K1N 7B7, Canada and Independent Consultant, Paris, - - 2013
Pneumonia causes around 750 000 child deaths per year in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. The lack of accessibility to prompt and effective treatment is an important contributor to this burden. Community case management of pneumonia (CCMp) uses trained community health workers (CHWs) to administer antibiotics to suspected child pneumonia cases ...
Cho Seong-Joon SJ Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Republic of - - 2013
Infectious aortitis is a rare disease in the antibiotic era. There are only a small number of cases of non-aneurysmal infectious aortitis in literature and its true incidence and natural history are not well defined. We present here a case of typical non-aneurysmal infectious aortitis with literature review of 19 ...
Wang Lei - - 2013
Isolated tuberculosis (TB) of posterior elements of the cervical spine is extremely rare. Only few cases are reported in literature but none described isolated spinous process and laminae involvement without TB in any other part of the body. The authors report a case of isolated TB involvement of the spinous ...
Sandgren Andreas - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB) control programmes of many low-TB incidence countries of the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) perceive challenges in controlling TB due to high numbers of TB in migrants from high-incidence countries.To assess the extent of TB transmission from foreign-born to the native-born population we quantitatively investigated dynamics of TB ...
Kapata Nathan - - 2013
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is posing a great threat to global TB control. The burden in Zambia is not well defined because routine surveillance data are scarce. We reviewed national MDR-TB data for the last decade to inform future public health policy with respect to MDR-TB in Zambia. Retrospective review of ...
Woldeamanuel Yohannes W - - 2013
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a preventable and curable common health problem among African adults. Poor nutrition, poverty, household crowding, drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) strains, AIDS, and malfunctioning TB control programs are important risk factors. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literature reporting case-fatalities of TBM among adults ...
Anderson Charlotte - - 2013
Cohort review has been used internationally to support tuberculosis (TB) control. We describe its first use in the UK by a London TB service. Improvements were noted in case management and contact tracing, weaknesses identified and important service changes put in place. Key areas of impact were directly observed therapy ...
Tollefson D - - 2013
The burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the estimated 370 million indigenous peoples worldwide is unknown.OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review to summarize the TB burden in indigenous peoples, identify gaps in current knowledge, and provide the foundation for a research agenda prioritizing indigenous health within TB control.METHODS: A systematic literature ...
Nicolau I - - 2013
Systematic reviews are used to inform tuberculosis (TB) guidelines. However, there are no data on whether TB systematic reviews are conducted well and reported transparently.METHODS: We searched four databases for reviews published between 2005 and 2010. Methodological quality was evaluated using AMSTAR and quality of reporting was assessed using PRISMA.RESULTS: ...
Chughtai A A - - 2013
Measuring treatment outcome is important for successful tuberculosis (TB) control programmes. The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of various types of TB cases registered in Pakistan over a 2-year period and compare those outcomes among the different provinces and regions of the country. A retrospective, cohort ...
Aaron Christopher L - - 2013
The challenges of tuberculosis (TB) control in the U.S. military are similar to those in other low-incidence populations; in addition, the U.S. Military Health System must account for geographic separation, frequent staff turnover, deployments to TB-endemic areas, and residence in congregate settings. The objective of this evaluation was to use ...
Kranzer K K Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK. - - 2013
Screening for tuberculosis (TB) disease aims to improve early TB case detection. The ultimate goal is to improve outcomes for people with TB and to reduce Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in the community through improved case detection, reduction in diagnostic delays and early treatment. Before screening programmes are recommended, evidence is ...
Tian Ye - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) of the cervical spine occurs rarely in younger children whereas the presentation and outcome are different from those of adult cervical spine. Because cervical spinal TB in younger children is rarely reported, the clinical characteristics, the treatments, and the expected outcome of treatments in younger children are ...
Aaron Christopher L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nonimmigrant visitors are not required to be evaluated for tuberculosis (TB) before entering the country. Little literature exists describing the challenges of TB control among this demographic. This report reviews the challenges in managing TB in this population on U.S. military installations. METHODS: Six cases were identified from reportable ...
Green Matthew - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB) of the breast is a rare condition with few cases reported outside of Asia. Its presence in juveniles is even more uncommon. Despite this, it is often easily treatable. The diagnosis of mammary TB should always be considered in an atypical presentation, and especially in those with high ...
Nair Krishnakumar R - - 2013
Postpartum inflammatory sacroiliitis is a well known clinical entity, treatment for which is conservative. Pyogenic sacroiliitis also has been reported in literature following caesarian section. We report a rare case of postpartum tuberculous (TB) sacroiliitis, which, to our knowledge, has not been reported in the literature earlier. The patient completely ...
Vinkeles Melchers Natalie V S - - 2013
Prisoners are at high risk of developing tuberculosis (TB), causing morbidity and mortality. Prison facilities encounter many challenges in TB screening procedures and TB control. This review explores screening practices for detection of TB and describes limitations of TB control in prison facilities worldwide. A systematic search of online databases ...
Koma Yasuko - - 2013
An 84-year-old woman being treated for miliary tuberculosis (TB) with rifampicin (RFP), isoniazid (INH), ethambutol (EB) and corticosteroids suffered from a persistent fever for five months. While tapering the dose of prednisolone, chest computed tomography (CT) revealed diffuse ground glass opacities (GGO) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) showed an increase ...
Sun Yi-Xuan - - 2013
Clostridium difficile can cause pseudomembranous colitis (PMC). Antimicrobial agent exposure is a risk factor for Clostridium difficile-associated disease, whereas the use of antituberculous (anti-TB) agents is not. We herein report a case of PMC-associated with antituberculous therapy. A 63-year-old woman with tuberculous pericarditis treated with anti-TB agents was admitted for ...
Halim Muhammad Sohail - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health problem with predominance in resource-poor countries. Extrapulmonary TB constitutes approximately 10% of the cases and can present as different forms depending on the route of entry. Cutaneous TB is a small subset of the extrapulmonary TB. Cutaneous TB can either be of primary origin ...
Mukerji Saptarshi - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB) of the cervix is a rare disease, especially in developed countries. We presented a patient with primary TB of the cervix with no concurrent immune deficiency or HIV infections. The case clinically mimicked carcinoma of the cervix. Difficulties in diagnosis have been discussed. Given the recent increase in ...
Dürr Salome - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most devastating infectious diseases worldwide. Whilst global burden estimates for M. tuberculosis infection (MtTB) are well established, accurate data on the contribution of zoonotic TB (zTB) caused by M. bovis or M. caprae to human TB are scarce. The association of M. bovis infection ...
Bauer M - - 2012
PURPOSE: To summarize the impact of tuberculosis (TB) on quantitative measures on self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We searched eight databases to retrieve all peer-reviewed publications reporting original HRQOL data for persons with TB. All retrieved abstracts were considered for full-text review if HRQOL was quantitatively assessed among ...
Sumpter Colin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Half the world's population uses biomass fuel for their daily needs but the resultant emissions and indoor air pollution (IAP) are harmful to health. So far, evidence for a link between IAP and tuberculosis (TB) was insufficient. We report an updated systematic review due to recent increase in the ...
Isea-Peña M C - - 2012
Mycobacterium africanum is a cause of tuberculosis (TB) that has mainly been described in Africa, but immigration and travel patterns have contributed to the spread of the disease to other countries. We retrospectively reviewed TB cases due to M. africanum during 2000-2010 in seven Spanish hospitals. Selected clinical charts were ...
Oliveira Gisele Pinto de - - 2012
The aim of the study was to analyze the underreporting of deaths from tuberculosis (TB) in Brazil, as well as to assess the impact these cases would cause in the reporting rate and proportion of TB deaths in 2006. We ana-lyzed the deaths recorded in the Mortality Information System (SIM) ...
Manrique-Saide Pablo - - 2012
We report the collection of Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus, Cx. interrogator, Cx. thriambus, Cx. coronator, and Cx. salinarius larvae from storm sewers within an endemic area for dengue transmission in Merida, Mexico, during the rainy season of 2011. This is the first record of the dengue vector Ae. aegypti breeding ...
Suárez-García Inés - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature in order to determine the best treatment options for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) of the skeletal system. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for all case reports of osteoarticular MDR-TB that provided information on drug treatment and clinical outcome. RESULTS: We identified six cases with spinal ...
Singh Parminder - - 2012
We report a case of a 70-year-old male with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a history of hemochromatosis but with no evidence of cirrhosis or iron overload and with a history of exposure to atomic bomb radiation. It is very rare to see hepatocellular carcinoma in the absence of evidence of ...
Hsu Yuan-Pin - - 2011
Septic arthritis secondary to Fusobacterium necrophorum is rare and may be related to Lemierre syndrome which classically presents as pharyngitis in young adults, followed by a septicemic illness characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis and metastatic infection. However, there were only 5 case reports of isolated septic arthritis caused by ...
Eslick Guy D - - 2011
Published report of cases of gastric metastases arising from renal cell carcinoma is a rare event and treatment of such patients can be difficult. Gastrectomy may be a surgical alternative; however, the prognosis for the majority of patients is very poor. We report a rare case of a patient with ...
Kaasch A J - - 2011
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and is known to cause enterocolitis, terminal ileitis, pseudoappendicitis, erythema nodosum, reactive polyarthritis, and, occasionally, bloodstream infections. Here, we report the first case of bacteremia and septic arthritis in a patient without obvious risk factors and review all of the published cases of ...
Edrees Amr - - 2011
The treatment of severe and refractory cases of reactive arthritis is not well defined. There is a limited data about the use of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) blockers in reactive arthritis. Herein is a description of a patient with severe case of Chlamydia trachomatis-related reactive arthritis that was refractory to ...
Bevilacqua Sibylle - - 2011
Nonbacterial arthritis is a rare but well-recognized complication of acute varicella in children. Reported cases usually described monoarthritis of the knee that occurs at the onset of the rash or shortly after. Herein, we describe a case of arthritis of the hip that occurred in a 4-year-old girl 6 days ...
Yates Jill L - - 2011
Cuterebriasis in small animals is caused by infestation by, and internal migration of, a larva of the Cuterebra fly. This article presents a case of nasal cuterebriasis in a puppy seen at the Louisiana Veterinary Referral Center and reviews the clinical signs and diagnosis of, and treatment options for, Cuterebra ...
Al-Niaimi F - - 2011
Linear basal cell carcinoma (BCC) was first reported as a distinct condition in 1985. Having managed two cases recently, we reviewed the published literature on this condition. The aim of the study was to review all reported cases in the literature and summarize the demographic data, histological and clinical features, ...
Sui Xizhao - - 2011
Primary esophageal liposarcoma is a rare malignancy, with only 25 cases reported in the English literature. In this report, we present a new case of giant esophageal liposarcoma in a 49-year-old woman with a family history of upper gastrointestinal tract cancer. This was a transmural tumor located in the lower ...
Demellawy Dina El - - 2011
Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the commonest skin cancers. In most instances, histological diagnosis is straightforward and does not pose any diagnostic challenge to the handling pathologist. We report a rare case of signet ring squamous cell carcinoma (SRSCC) occurring in an 84-year-old woman who presented with a sore ...
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