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Papillon-Smith Jessica J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, 5790, Cote-Des-Neiges Road, H412, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1E2, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to review the literature examining the role of ultrasound in the induction of labor. Databases including Ovid, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and UpToDate were searched and current guidelines from the SOGC, the ACOG, the RCOG, and the RANZCOG were reviewed. Although studies ...
Mishra Sunil Kumar SK Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Rishiraj College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, - - 2014
Dental identification assumes a primary role in the identification of remains when postmortem changes, traumatic tissue injury, or lack of a fingerprint record invalidate the use of visual or fingerprint methods. The most common role of the forensic dentist is the identification of deceased individuals. Forensic identification based on assessment ...
Pomin Vitor H VH Program of Glycobiology, Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo de Meis, and University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21941-913, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Keratan sulfate (KS) is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) type consisted of a sulfated poly-N-acetyl lactosamine chain. Besides acting as a constitutive molecule of the extracellular matrices, this GAG also plays a role as a hydrating and signaling agent in cornea and cartilage tissues. Inasmuch, KS is widely explored in the pharmaceutical ...
Hassanian-Moghaddam Hossein H Department of Clinical Toxicology, Loghman-Hakim Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Scienses, Tehran, - - 2014
I read with interest the recent review by Marzuillo et al (1), but felt that there were some issues that needed to be clarified. The authors stated that there were only three case reports in the literature of therapeutic doses of tramadol inducing respiratory depression in adults. In our study of ...
Taylor Raewyn L RL Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University - Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Scoping review. Elastic therapeutic tape is a relatively new intervention for treating a variety of injuries; however, there is little evidence to support its effectiveness for neck or upper extremity conditions. This scoping review examines current evidence on the recommended application, purpose and effectiveness of elastic therapeutic tape for treating ...
Shetty Yashashri C YC Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Continuing review is an important responsibility of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs). Though being mentioned by many of the national and international guidelines, it is carried out routinely only in UK. The reasons may be inadequate training, overworked IRBs, less enthusiasm among the IRB members, cost bearing, etc. So, the oversight ...
Samy Ahmed A Moorfields Eye Hospital, City Road, London EC1V 2PD, UK ; UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London EC1V 9EL, - - 2014
Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) has recently emerged as a novel noninvasive imaging technique that uses the fluorescent properties of innate fluorophores accumulated in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) to assess the health and viability of the RPE/photoreceptor complex. Recent case reports suggest FAF as a promising tool for monitoring eyes with ...
Stahel Philip F PF Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, - - 2014
The Editors of Patient Safety in Surgery would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 7 (2013).
Pasquel Francisco J - - 2013
: Metformin is the most commonly prescribed oral antidiabetic agent. Despite a good safety profile in most patients with diabetes, the risk of metformin-associated lactic acidosis is real if safety guidelines are ignored. Experience with 3 cases of metformin-associated lactic acidosis is reported. Two cases were caused by inappropriate use ...
Becker Lillian C LC Cosmetic Ingredient Review, 1101 17th Street, NW, Suite, 412, Washington, DC 20036, USA. Email: - - 2013
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel (Panel) reviewed the safety of 4 ammonium hectorite compounds used in cosmetics: disteardimonium hectorite, dihydrogenated tallow benzylmonium hectorite, stearalkonium hectorite, and quaternium-18 hectorite. These ingredients function in cosmetics mainly as nonsurfactant suspending agents. The Panel reviewed available animal and human data and concluded that ...
Sharrar Robert G RG United BioSource Corporation, 920 Harvest Drive, Blue Bell, PA 19422, - - 2013
The safety profile of a medicinal product may change in the postmarketing environment. Safety issues not identified in clinical development may be seen and need to be evaluated. Methods of evaluating spontaneous adverse experience reports and identifying new safety risks include a review of individual reports, a review of a ...
Peate Ian - - 2013
You would be forgiven for thinking that we have been here before with the Berwick Report (National Advisory Group on the Safety of Patients in England, 2013).
Albadainah Faisal - - 2013
Choroidal metastasis from prostate adenocarcinoma is exceedingly rare. Furthermore, data addressing the optimal therapeutic strategy is limited. A 62-year-old male patient with metastatic prostate cancer was found to have a choroidal metastasis after complaining of decreased vision in his left eye. Following treatment with external beam radiotherapy, complete response in ...
Fiume Monice M - - 2013
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel assessed the safety of bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2 and bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-1 as used in cosmetics, finding that these ingredients are safe in cosmetic formulations in the present practices of use and concentration. Both ingredients are lanolin substitutes and are reported to function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning ...
Young Ben - - 2013
In most countries falls are the most common medically attended childhood injury and the majority of injuries in pre-school children occur at home. Numerous systematic reviews have reviewed evidence of the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions, but this evidence has not been synthesised into an overview, making it difficult for ...
Fiume Monice M - - 2013
The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel assessed the safety of triethanolamine (TEA) and 31 related TEA-containing ingredients as used in cosmetics. The TEA is reported to function as a surfactant or pH adjuster; the related TEA-containing ingredients included in this safety assessment are reported to function as surfactants and hair- ...
Sinderby C - - 2013
This manuscript describes the motivation for developing Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) and its subsequent use with a non-invasive interface. The challenges with conventional, pneumatically controlled noninvasive modes are briefly described, followed by a mini-review on the upper airways and the diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi) signal. The bulk of the ...
Anagnostopoulos Antonios - - 2013
Primary lymphoma of the uterine corpus and cervix is rare. We present a case of primary non-Hodgkin follicular lymphoma isolated to uterine corpus and parametria with focal spread to ovaries and fallopian tubes, incidentally found on the background of endometrial malignancy. A summary of the published cases focusing on the ...
Pieraccini Massimiliano - - 2013
Ground-based radar interferometry is an increasingly popular technique for monitoring civil infrastructures. Many research groups, professionals, and companies have tested it in different operative scenarios, so it is time for a first systematic survey of the case studies reported in the literature. This review is addressed especially to the engineers ...
Conway Aaron - - 2013
We carried out a critical appraisal and synthesis of the systematic reviews and meta-analyses of remote monitoring for heart failure. A comprehensive literature search identified 65 relevant publications from 3333 citations. Seventeen studies fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Seven (41%) systematic reviews pooled results for meta-analysis. Eight (47%) considered ...
Lara-Corrales Irene - - 2013
Phototherapy and photochemotherapy are well-described treatment modalities for psoriasis in adults. Like many other treatments, the experience and long-term safety of their use in children is limited. We conducted a literature search and identified publications reporting the use of phototherapy and photochemotherapy in pediatric populations. This article summarizes the existing ...
Nabinger Gustavo B - - 2012
Non-ischemic priapism in children is an uncommon entity usually related to blunt trauma in the perineal region and subsequent fistula formation into the corpus cavernosum. In this report we present the case of a 7-year-old boy who had undergone perineal trauma and developed non-ischemic priapism confirmed radiologically. He was treated ...
Perinetti Giuseppe - - 2012
Conflicting data have been reported in dentistry regarding the diagnostic potential of monitoring body sway while in a static standing bipedalic position. This systematic review reappraises previously reported effects of mandibular position, asymmetric occlusion, and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) on body sway to determine whether there is sufficient evidence for such ...
Johnson Wilbur W - - 2012
The safety of isoparaffins as used in cosmetic products is reviewed in this safety assessment. These ingredients function mostly as solvents and also function as emollients in the 0001% to 90% concentration range. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel has reviewed relevant animal and clinical data and concluded that ...
Pinheiro Paulo Fernandes PF - - 2012
The measurement of mandibular movements is a complex task that can be simplified through the use of electrognathography (EGN), an examination that can be applied as an auxiliary method for the diagnosis or follow-up of the evolution of specific therapeutics applied to the stomatognathic system. The aim of the present ...
Ware Tyson L - - 2012
We present the case of a 14-year-old boy presented with a recent history of progressive neurologic decline and extrapyramidal features. The history and findings with illustrative figures are detailed, and a diagnostic approach to the presentation is considered. The therapeutic options and broader management issues are briefly reviewed.
Wang Li-Jun - - 2012
Therapeutic vertebral cement augmentation for the treatment of painful skeletal diseases, although widely applied for more than several decades, still has not thoroughly resolve the problem of cement extravasation. Based on a review of literature published, the present study was to provide a systematic review of the current understanding of ...
Sharp N C Craig - - 2012
Major sporting events such as the Olympic Games highlight extraordinary human athletic achievements, performed by the extreme physical outliers of our species. However, there is a range of animal performance that goes far beyond these, both in the wild and in selectively bred 'sports animals' such as the racehorse, racing ...
Ozokutan Bülent Hayri - - 2012
Ingested button battery perforation of Meckel's diverticulum is extremely rare, with only two reported cases in the recent literature. Two additional preschool children who accidentally swallowed an alkaline button battery and developed a perforated Meckel's diverticulum are reported. Surgeons should be aware of this rare complication. Careful clinical, radiologic and ...
Bassetti M M Infectious Diseases Clinic, Santa Maria Misericordia University Hospital, Udine, Italy. - - 2013
Gluconobacter belongs to the acetic acid bacteria (AAB), which are microorganisms commonly found in the environment and used in the food industry. These bacteria have increasingly been reported as organisms that can potentially infect humans. We report a case of Gluconobacter spp. bloodstream infection associated with endocardial lesions in a ...
Vilela Raquel - - 2012
Rhinosporidum seeberi is the etiologic agent of rhinosporidiosis, a disease of mucous membranes and infrequently of the skin and other tissues of humans and animals. Because it resists culture, for more than 100 years R. seeberi true taxonomic identity has been controversial. Two new hypotheses in a long list of ...
Si-Mohamed Ali - - 2012
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx is extremely rare in adolescent or younger adult and typically has an aggressive nature. The mechanism of laryngeal oncogenesis is complex and little is known about the role of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) in SCC in young age. HPV infection may occur during birth ...
Albreiki Danah H - - 2012
Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a relatively infrequent neoplasm that can be associated with significant morbidity and cause diagnostic difficulty to both the ophthalmologist and pathologist. We herein describe the first reported case in North American and European databases of a rare variant-signet ring cell melanoma - arising in ...
Saccheri Paola - - 2012
We observed a sternal foramen contiguous with a small sternal cleft in a human skeleton coming from North-Eastern Italy and dating back to between the sixteenth and seventeenth century AD. Both of these types of anomalies result from a defective midline fusion of the developing sternum. Sternal foramen is a ...
Choi Seong-Min - - 2012
Human infection with Streptococcus suis (S. suis), a zoonotic pathogen, has been reported mainly in pig-rearing and pork-consuming countries. Meningitis is the most-common clinical manifestation and is often associated with deafness and vestibular dysfunction. A 57-year-old man was referred to the hospital with headaches, fevers, chills, and hearing impairment. Meningitis ...
Barker Steven A - - 2012
Three indole alkaloids that possess differing degrees of psychotropic/psychedelic activity have been reported as endogenous substances in humans; N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), 5-hydroxy-DMT (bufotenine, HDMT), and 5-methoxy-DMT (MDMT). We have undertaken a critical review of 69 published studies reporting the detection or detection and quantitation of these compounds in human body fluids. ...
Gupta D S - - 2012
Humans are the only known definitive host of the tapeworm Taenia solium and become a carrier by eating undercooked pork contaminated with "Cysticercus cellulosae" (cysticerci). Pigs act as an intermediate host and acquire cysticercosis by ingestion of eggs or proglottids from human feces, which develop into cysticerci within tissue, mostly ...
Raihani Nichola J NJ Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, Gower St, London, WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2012
Humans use punishment to promote cooperation in laboratory experiments but evidence that punishment plays a similar role in non-human animals is comparatively rare. In this article, we examine why this may be the case by reviewing evidence from both laboratory experiments on humans and ecologically relevant studies on non-human animals. ...
Cowie George - - 2012
To retrospectively review notified human leptospirosis cases in the Waikato region of New Zealand between 2004 and 2010 and to identify risk factors for human leptospirosis infection. Waikato leptospirosis notification data for the period 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2010 were analysed to identify any trends in the rates ...
Grøn Sisse - - 2012
According to statistics, Filipinos working on Danish ships experience fewer work accidents than their colleagues. In an ongoing project, we are trying to find out what lies behind the figures. The first step of the project is a review of recent studies on the relationship between nationality and safety. The ...
Bayndr Tuba - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Myiasis is a parasitic infestation of vital tissue of humans or other mammals by dipterous larvae. Human myiasis is a rare clinic condition but more frequently seen in tropical and subtropical areas, in patients who have poor hygiene, have bad housing conditions, are with mental retardation, or have advanced ...
Gorelik Gregory - - 2012
Regarding Gorelik, G., & Shackelford, T.K. (2011). Human sexual conflict from molecules to culture. Evolutionary Psychology, 9, 564-587: The authors wish to correct an omission in citation to the existing literature. In the final paragraph on p. 570, we neglected to cite Burch and Gallup (2006) [Burch, R. L., & ...
Mukhopadhyay Biswanath - - 2012
Human tail is a curiosity, a cosmetic stigma and presents as an appendage in the lumbosacral region. Six patients of tail in the lumbosacral region are presented here to discuss the spectrum of presentation of human tails. The embryology, pathology and treatment of this entity are discussed along with a ...
Pebam Sudesh - - 2012
Trichinellosis is a parasitic infestation affecting the skeletal muscles. Cases of trichinellosis in humans have been reported from most regions of the world. However, a review of literature revealed only two reported cases of human trichinellosis in India. Further, a diagnosis of superimposed pyomyositis in trichinellosis with secondary osteomyelitis has ...
Binanti D - - 2011
With 2 figures SUMMARY: Conjoined twins have been observed in a wide range of mammalian and non-mammalian species; they are considered to be more common in bovine, less frequent in sheep and pig and extremely rare in horse and goat. A pair of female conjoined twins was delivered from a ...
Panja Asit K - - 2011
Philosophy is the prime specialty as it fulfills the ultimate goal of life with the depiction of the liberation of the soul. The human body composed of mind, other sensory organs along with five proto-elements, is to be treated from the clinical applicability of the philosophical series of events. The ...
Avery A J - - 2011
The monitoring of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) through pharmacovigilance is vital to patient safety. Spontaneous reporting of ADRs is one method of pharmacovigilance, and in the UK this is undertaken through the Yellow Card Scheme (YCS). Yellow Card reports are submitted to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) ...
Krska Janet - - 2011
Background: Direct reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to authorities is increasing, but questions remain about how patients identify suspected ADRs and their ability to distinguish between ADRs and other symptoms. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine how reporters to the Yellow Card Scheme (YCS) identify ...
Bidinger Jeffrey J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine (AZA) hypersensitivity syndrome is a rare side effect that typically occurs early in the initiation of therapy and may include a cutaneous eruption. It is often under-recognized because it mimics infection or disease exacerbation. Until recently, the cutaneous findings associated with AZA hypersensitivity have been reported using nonspecific, ...
Baughn Mariah R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of the Gerbich antibodies has been described as variable and there are no well-documented reports of hemolytic transfusion reactions (HTRs). CASE REPORT: We present the case of a woman with a long history of documented anti-Ge3 alloantibody who received multiple units of Ge+ red blood cells ...
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