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Ruehle C J - - 1989
The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology analyzed toxicology specimens on 294 cases submitted by the U.S. Air Force from 1973 through 1984. The fatal population consisted of 196 cases of which 43 (22%) had positive toxicology results. Of the fatalities, 14 (7%) had positive drug analyses. The nonfatal group consisted ...
de Castro E F - - 1989
It seems odd that male suicide rates have decreased in Portugal over the last few years, whereas the opposite has happened in most other countries. In order to investigate the reasons for such a decrease, suicide rates were compared with controversial cases (ICD-9 category E 980-989) and with homicide rates. ...
Nowell-Smith P - - 1989
The working party on euthanasia set up by the British Medical Association produced its report in 1988 (1). The first of its terms of reference was 'to examine the ethical problems relating to euthanasia, terminal illness, and suicide' and as far as active voluntary euthanasia (AVE) is concerned it failed ...
Ross C A - - 1989
Multiple personality disorder (MPD) has been diagnosed with increasing frequency in the 1980s: according to one estimate 6,000 cases have now been diagnosed in North America (Coons 1986). The diagnosis of MPD can be difficult because patients usually present in a polysymptomatic fashion, and the specific features of their dissociative ...
Ojeifo J O - - 1989
This is a study of the positions of the appendix in 548 Nigerians 447 of whom were autopsies or cadavers while the rest (101) were appendicectomy patients. Overall, the retrocaecal appendix was the commonest because of its very high frequency in the surgical material. The pelvic appendix as distinct from ...
Verdile V P - - 1989
Puncture wounds to the foot are common presenting problems in most busy emergency departments. Although seemingly benign, the sequelae after simple puncture wounds to the foot can include cellulitis, retained foreign bodies, or even osteomyelitis. Inadequate scientific research on this topic has left only anecdotal or retrospective reports for review ...
Vieira D N - - 1988
We report a case of homicide by hanging of a 29-year-old woman that was committed by her husband, who nearly escaped from justice. We offer some reflections on the rarity of this method of mechanical asphyxia in cases of homicide, and on the difficulties in the diagnosis of the medico-legal ...
Lew E O - - 1988
Homicide by hanging is rare. In this case report, a young man stabbed his wife, hanged his son, and then hanged himself. He was assumed to be mentally ill, consistent with some other studies of family murder-suicide.
Levy V - - 1988
Forensic pathologists are often asked to estimate postinjury survival time and to render an opinion on the probable extent of physical activity following fatal injury. To study this question, the case files of the Dade County Medical Examiner's Office were reviewed. The year 1983 was chosen arbitrarily for this study ...
Imami R H - - 1988
A case of a fatal cardiac episode resulting from an unusual autoerotic practice involving the use of a vacuum cleaner, is presented. Scene investigation and autopsy findings are discussed.
Sakala E P - - 1988
Only 18 cases of stab wounds to the pregnant uterus have been reported to date. This paper presents an additional case--a patient at 26 weeks' gestation with multiple voluntary stab wounds to the abdomen and lower chest resulting in fetal death. The literature is reviewed and management of abdominal stab ...
Morris D J - - 1988
We have described a fatal case of rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a stable anephric patient who was not diabetic and was not receiving immunosuppressive therapy. In a literature search from 1966 to the present, ours is only the second case of a stable dialysis patient reported with this illness, and it ...
Sauer N J - - 1988
The skeleton of an adult man, recovered from an eighteenth century French fort site in Indiana, exhibited a series of sharp force wounds. The lesions, three cranial and one postcranial, had apparently been made by a heavy metal instrument similar to one of the European ax heads discovered elsewhere at ...
Karlsson T - - 1988
A total of 89 cases of sharp force suicide that had been committed in the Stockholm area in Sweden from 1972 through 1984 were investigated. The series showed a male preponderance, sex ratio 3.3, and among males a shift towards the age group 40 to 49 years of age. An ...
Kathren R L - - 1988
The content of 238Pu, 239Pu and 241Am in the liver and skeleton was estimated from radiochemical analysis of human liver and bone samples obtained at autopsy from former actinide workers whose occupational histories were suggestive of chronic inhalation exposures, with minor skin contamination and wounds documented in a few individuals. ...
Udwadia Z F - - 1988
A patient with rabies presented with penile hypersensitivity and recurrent ejaculation. This preceded the more classical manifestations such as hydrophobia and aerophobia by approximately 8 hours. A review of the literature reveals that a variety of urogenital symptoms may rarely occur in rabies. Ours is however the first report documenting ...
Fackler M L - - 1988
A series of 20 shots with the AK-74 Russian Assault Rifle, in which the entire course of the bullet was captured in gelatin, showed a change in direction of the bullet track approximating a right angle in every case. Bullets were recovered from the gelatin for ten consecutive shots of ...
Varga M - - 1988
We experienced an autopsy case in which a 29-year-old woman committed suicide by parenteral application of a neuromuscular blocker combined with thiobarbital. These medicines were easily accessible to the victim who was an anesthesiologist in a hospital. Paralyzing the respiratory muscles the usual dose of neuromuscular blockers can cause death ...
Huusko R - - 1988
The purpose of this study was to check the reliability of the classification of death in cases regarded primarily as accidents or undetermined. The material used for the analysis consisted of the documents of autopsies performed at our department in 1981. There were altogether 283 cases of suicides, accidents or ...
Ornehult L - - 1987
According to Swedish law, it is prohibited to possess and use firearms without a special permission (license), which is given only after a detailed personal investigation. This restrictive legislation accounts for the fact that deaths due to firearms in Sweden are rare in an international comparison. The number of accidental ...
Cohle S D - - 1987
We report the case of a 39-year old white male who committed suicide by shooting himself with an air rifle and a shotgun. The ballistics of air guns and rifles, with particular reference to the Sheridan air rifle, are reviewed. Only two cases of multiple firearm suicide have been reported; ...
Jordan F B - - 1987
This article reviews 17 cases of jail suicide occurring in Oklahoma in calendar years 1981 through 1983. Significant variables are reviewed, and recommendations for prevention are presented.
Michel K - - 1987
Fifty cases of attempted suicide were compared with 50 cases of completed suicide on variables reported to measure suicide risk: the seriousness of the attempt, and the circumstances in which the act occurred discriminated best. Depressive symptoms were more frequent in the suicide group and in the serious attempters' group ...
Frazer M - - 1987
This case report describes an unusual pattern of gunshot firing that proved useful in convicting one assailant of two murders. The assailant fired into the first victim, successively through the same entrance hole at contact range. This technique of firing twice through the same hole was also demonstrable on his ...
Abu Al Ragheb S - - 1986
A 27-year-old male committed suicide by ingestion of a large quantity of xylene. The presence of xylene in the tissues of the victim was confirmed by chromatographic and spectrometric techniques. High levels of xylene were detected in blood (11 mg/dl), gastric contents (880 mg/dl), and duodenal contents (3,300 mg/dl). Histological ...
Stevanovic G - - 1986
The protocols of 2,145 autopsies were retrospectively reviewed and the findings compared with the clinical diagnoses. A sudden decline in the autopsy rate that occurred during the period studied was followed by a highly statistically significant difference in clinical accuracy (P less than 0.01), in favor of the predecline period. ...
Pierson R - - 1986
Despite the fact that penetrating abdominal wounds in late pregnancy are becoming increasingly common, there are few such reports in the medical literature. We report the case of a Cambodian woman injured in the border fighting between the Vietnamese and Khmer troops in 1980. Our case is unique in that ...
Holmes J - - 1986
To determine how missed clinical diagnoses revealed at autopsy might affect third-party payment through DRGs, the authors performed a retrospective comparison of clinical and pathologic diagnoses in 100 consecutive cases that came to autopsy. In 13 of these cases, the autopsy findings resulted in a change in DRG assignment, which ...
Kern S R - - 1986
The issue of "insanity" is rarely alluded to in the area of civil law. As a consequence, the legal standard for insanity is not clearly understood by many psychiatrists. The standard derives from case law and is based upon statutory law in the criminal sector. A civil case will be ...
Kaufman S C - - 1986
A case of Chromobacterium violaceum fatal septicemia is reported. The microorganism was isolated from six blood cultures and two suppurated skin lesions. It is the first such case described in Argentina, and it reinforces the need for prolonged treatment and careful clinical evaluation to ensure complete remission of human infections ...
Tsukamoto N - - 1986
Choriocarcinoma in mother and child is extremely rare and review of the literature revealed only six reported cases. We are presenting the seventh such case. Autopsy of the fetus of 39 weeks' gestation revealed metastatic choriocarcinoma. Workup of the mother showed an occult choriocarcinoma in the uterus. Aggressive chemotherapy was ...
Goldstein R L - - 1986
Although the law generally does not permit an individual to profit by his own wrongdoing, that equitable principle may be inapplicable in the case of an individual who has been adjudicated insane (and therefore has not committed a wrong in the eyes of the law). This paper discusses three unusual ...
Barnes R A - - 1986
A semistructured interview was used to collect information on a consecutive series of 163 self-harm patients (suicide attempters); 65.8% of the patients had a history of previous self-harm (repeaters). Male repeaters were more likely than men with no self-harm history (first cases) to have left school before ninth grade, to ...
Murphy G K - - 1985
The great majority of penetrating wounds of the thorax result from firearms and bladed weapons. Penetrating wounds of the heart and of the great vessels still have a high immediate mortality. While penetrating chest wounds occasionally result from fragments of glass; most severe and fatal wounds from glass result from ...
Hardwicke M B - - 1985
A case of suicidal hanging inside an automobile is presented. To our knowledge, hanging has not been previously reported as a cause of death in a motor vehicle driver. The causes of death in automobile-related suicides are discussed.
Winek C L - - 1985
A case of fatal caffeine toxicity due to suicidal ingestion of a "look-alike" illicit drug is reported. Caffeine concentrations were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) with the brain having the highest level reported in the literature to date. Also, the blood concentration of caffeine was one of the ...
Hasekura H - - 1985
A rare case is reported of a ten-year-old boy who committed suicide by stabbing himself in the throat with a pointed knife. Possibility of an accidental injury was excluded by the autopsy findings; suspicion of a homicide by his father was cleared through the deposition of his sister. The reason ...
Yassa R - - 1985
Three patients are presented in whom TD either disappeared (2 cases) or improved (one case) after discontinuing antiparkinsonian medication without changing the concurrent neuroleptic treatment. In addition, two of the patients presented some "complications" secondary to the TD in the form of frequent falling, psychosocial impairment and suicidal ruminations. The ...
Tsunenari S - - 1985
The inhalation of automobile exhaust gases is a relatively frequent suicidal method. Two such cases of special interest to forensic pathology and toxicology have been introduced. In case 1, a suicide note disclosed the victim's mental state, the inside conditions of the car, and toxic effects of automobile exhaust. In ...
Copeland A R - - 1985
A study of childhood suicide in individuals aged twelve years or less was performed on the case files of the Office of the Medical Examiner of Metropolitan Dade County in Miami, FL, over the eight-year period from 1977 to the present. Four cases were collected; these are presented in some ...
Rich C L - - 1985
The date of death recorded on death certificates (DCD) was compared to the date of the suicidal act (DA) in a consecutive series of 204 suicides. The DA was known to be the same as the DCD in only 46 per cent of the cases. The DA was different from ...
Onuigbo W I - - 1985
Nearly 150 years ago, a seaman received a blow on the right side in the liver region, dying a month later. As a result of fresh autopsy findings, the accused was arrested and imprisoned. However, the defense counsel obtained an exhumation order. This led to the discovery of coexisting lethal ...
Copeland A R - - 1985
A study of suicide among teenagers was performed on the case files of the Office of the Medical Examiner of Metro Dade County in Miami, Florida, U.S.A. during the years 1979 until 1983. A total of 65 cases were studied and analyzed as to age, race, sex, cause of death, ...
Wilkins A J - - 1985
The offence of attempted infanticide has hitherto been unknown in English Law. A case is here described in which a woman was convicted of infanticide, and attempted infanticide, having been charged with murder and attempted murder. The relevance of this is discussed, together with an aspect of infanticide previously unreported ...
Frayer D W - - 1985
Evidence for cause of death in skeletonized remains is uncommonly found and cases that involve stabbings are particularly rare. In the following report, evidence is presented for a fatal stabbing, determined from analysis of a recent homicide. Because multiple stab wounds were present and several different bones were involved, estimates ...
Okada R - - 1985
In the Annuals of Autopsy Records for Japan from 1958 to 1977, 377,841 autopsy cases were registered; a short summary of pathologic findings was included. Of the 377,841 cases, 409 (0.11%) were registered as idiopathic, nonspecific, interstitial, or viral myocarditis and 25 cases (0.007%) as giant-cell myocarditis. The annual incidence ...
Rosenstein B J - - 1984
Over an 11-year period, we encountered four cases in which an unexpected diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) was first established on the basis of typical autopsy findings. Our experience suggests that the occurrence of such cases is more common than generally appreciated and emphasizes the often crucial role of the ...
Curtis R A - - 1984
We report a fatal case of drug toxicity associated with torsade de pointes following an overdose of the tetracyclic antidepressant, maprotiline (Ludiomil). Tissue and plasma levels were obtained at autopsy and are noted. In addition, the cardiovascular effects, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity of maprotiline are reviewed and compared with that of ...
Friederici H H - - 1984
We reviewed the clinical charts and the postmortem findings of 2,537 autopsies, and correlated them by constructing a "concordance score." In 2,293 cases (90%), the primary disease, as diagnosed at autopsy, had been recognized as such clinically, but in 244 cases (10%) it had not. In 2,300 cases a second ...
Moar J J - - 1984
During March-June and August-September 1981, 245 medicolegal autopsies were conducted by the author at the Johannesburg and Diepkloof government mortuaries. In 52 cases (21.2%) penetrating incised wounds of the thorax were found to be the cause of death. These involved diverse and often multiple thoracic structures - ventricles, atria, interventricular ...
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