Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 441
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Randall B - - 1995
Elevations in tryptase, a recently discovered mast cell enzyme, have been proposed as a postmortem indicator of fatal anaphylaxis. The previous studies had limited numbers of controls and thus the specificity of the test with postmortem samples was not known. Therefore, tryptase was evaluated in postmortem blood samples from 49 ...
Jacobs D - - 1995
This overview article examines the applications of the psychological autopsy method in determining proximate causation in suicide cases. The article reviews the history of the psychological autopsy and describes its procedure and how it has proved helpful in explicating proximate causation. The five standards currently used by the courts to ...
Karger B - - 1995
Because of the enhanced intracranial tissue disruption (see companion paper) and the functional significance of the central nervous system, penetrating gunshot wounds of the head commonly result in immediate incapacitation. However, in the last century numerous publications reported sustained capability to act following penetrating gunshot wounds of the head. These ...
Book R G - - 1994
Primitive ballistic weapons are used in great numbers in Zululand, South Africa. Their manufacture reflects various degrees of skill. A case with a bullet and a cartridge in the victim is discussed, and a representative pictorial exhibition of weapons is presented.
Grundmann E - - 1994
The results of autopsy records at the Institute of Pathology of Münster University documented between 1961-70, 1978-87 and 1988-92 were compared with the documented clinical diagnoses of these cases. In the decade 1961-70, 23% of clinical diagnoses were found incorrect (with therapeutic relevance). In the decade 1978-87, the error rate ...
Bradshaw D A - - 1994
Suicide remains a significant societal dilemma commonly presenting as an acute medical emergency. Presented is a report of a near-hanging suicidal attempt by a 30-year-old, active duty Navy man. This case documents local injuries and neurologic and cardiopulmonary complications of near-fatal suicidal hanging, which is a common method of suicide ...
Tueth M J - - 1994
Several reports were published in the psychiatric literature in 1990 and 1991 documenting fluoxetine (Prozac) causing patients to consider or attempt suicide. During the following 2 years, retrospective studies appeared in the medical literature that seemed to indicate that suicidal preoccupation was not related to the antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac) but ...
Monk B E - - 1994
The case of a 40-year-old man with delusions of parasitosis as the presentation of a monodelusional psychosis is reported. In spite of treatment with pimozide and depot neuroleptics the patient committed suicide. Since the introduction of pimozide, this drug has come to be regarded as the specific treatment for this ...
North K N - - 1994
Idiopathic hypothalamic dysfunction is a rare but well-defined entity in childhood characterized by adipsia-hypernatremia, obesity, poor thermoregulation, and disturbance of pituitary function. Two cases of idiopathic hypothalamic dysfunction are described. There are 10 previously reported cases in the literature, and the clinical features are compared. The present cases are unique ...
Viswanathan R - - 1994
An unusual case of fatal suicidal craniocerebral penetrating injury due to a nail gun is described. The victim, a 52 year old joiner experienced in the use of nail drivers, shot himself just above the forehead in the midline, driving the nail through his hypothalamus and midbrain. Death was delayed ...
Rougé D - - 1994
The authors present six cases of homicide and suicide in which the weapon involved was a handgun using shotshell. The injuries caused are described and the ballistic characteristics of the weapons are studied. Such weapons, which are relatively easy to obtain, are not as innocuous as they may appear, since ...
Dunn W A - - 1994
In this report we give details on an overdose fatality involving both digoxin and doxepin. There have been numerous reported fatalities, both accidental and suicidal, involving digoxin and many more reports of fatalities involving doxepin. We believe that this is the first time a fatality from this drug combination has ...
Bautz P - - 1994
Three cases of successful resuscitation after attempted suicide by hanging are described. Although all came in with profound unconsciousness, they made a full recovery with no residual dysfunction after resuscitation by intubation and ventilation for 12 h. Steroids and mannitol were not used. All patients were referred for psychiatric consultation ...
Harruff R C - - 1994
We reviewed the case records of suicides in Marion County, Indiana (Indianapolis) and in surrounding counties from 1984 through 1992. Out of 1203 suicides, there were 14 in which armed, on-duty police officers were confronting, pursuing, or apprehending the subject of the death investigation. All subjects were male, and the ...
Bradberry S M - - 1994
Isobutyl nitrite is a popular recreational drug among both homosexuals and heterosexuals as it is alleged to enhance sexual pleasure and prolong orgasm. In contrast to the ingestion of this volatile nitrite, inhalation is associated only rarely with serious sequelae, though symptomatic methemoglobinemia may occur. The case reported is the ...
Rothschild M A - - 1994
Five cases of lethal injuries caused by gas or warning firearms are discussed. In one suicide case a modified weapon (elongated barrel) and steel bullets were used to fire a shot into the head, the bullets lodged in the skull and lethal bleeding resulted. In the other cases conventional gas ...
Tsuchiya K - - 1994
We report a Japanese autopsy case of late cortical cerebellar atrophy. The patient had showed clinically transient remission during thyrotropin-releasing hormone therapy. Our case suggests that thyrotropin-releasing hormone therapy is worth trying as a treatment of late cortical cerebellar atrophy. Neuropathological examination showed diffuse cerebellar cortical lesions and absence of ...
Rainov N G - - 1994
The case of a suicide attempt of a depressed male using a circular saw is reported and discussed. There was a hesitation injury that is seldom described in this type of power tool suicide. A deviation in the position of the superior sagittal sinus allowed the life of the victim ...
Lang I R - - 1994
This article reviews a series of 135 murders labelled 'necklace murders'. The period under review is that from 1 January 1985 to 31 December 1987. An attempt was made to look at the sociopolitical and historical factors which contributed to this phenomenon. Finally, a case report illustrating the value of ...
Betz P - - 1994
Petechial haemorrhages of the conjunctivae are not specific for lethal throttling or strangulation, but they belong to the important indicators for such mechanisms. In experimental models it is shown that petechial bleedings of the conjunctivae disappear with the occurrence of advanced signs of putrefaction or in cases of fresh-water logging. ...
Suchil-Bernal L - - 1994
After modifying the format and content of the autopsy report traditionally used at the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología of México, Tlalpan, we present the results of the new, revised autopsy protocol here. The new autopsy protocol (model report) was designed as a "fixed format" to describe the cardiovascular diseases observed ...
Forrest A R - - 1994
Methylenedioxymethylamphetamine (MDMA or 'Ecstasy') is the best known of the 3,4-methylenedioxy ring-substituted amphetamines. Reports of serious adverse reactions and fatalities associated with its use emphasise hyperpyrexia, profuse sweating and subsequent rhabdomyolysis, although cardiac deaths and fatal accidents whilst intoxicated are also prominent. Other 3,4-methylenedioxy ring-substituted amphetamines are also available in ...
Buteau J - - 1993
Homicide followed by suicide is a rare but tragic event. Psychiatrists and mental health professionals are often called upon to comment publicly on the event or to help the "hidden victims," the survivors of the tragedy. There were 39 such cases in Quebec between 1988 and 1990, and they have ...
Claydon S M - - 1993
The crossbow was one of the most efficient military weapons of the Middle Ages but the development of portable firearms meant that it was eventually relegated to the museum shelf. The medieval crossbow was accurate and deadly but took some time to load because of the windlass used to wind ...
Zietlow C - - 1993
Determination of suicide as a manner of death can be a complex process. Whenever gunshot wounding is the cause of death, the anatomic clues useful for determining suicide versus homicide include wound location and range of fire. Contact intraoral gunshot wounds are much more frequently associated with suicide than with ...
Donaldson P M - - 1993
AIMS: To describe the morbid anatomical and bacteriological features in a series of five cases of rapidly fatal Streptococcus pyogenes necrotising fasciitis. METHODS: Post mortem and bacteriological examinations were made of five patients dying within 48 hours from rapidly fatal necrotising fasciitis. RESULTS: All five cases died rapidly from a ...
Birkhead G S - - 1993
The authors conducted one of the first active, population-based public health surveillance systems for detecting suicide attempts in the United States. Surveillance was conducted in all four hospital emergency departments serving a county suburban to Atlanta, GA, with a population of 426,000. Emergency department staff gathered information from all patients ...
Smith O C - - 1993
Several cases of gunshot wounds produced by hollow-point bullets showed characteristic central tags. These apparently arise from sparing of the skin surface by the hollow point cavity when the bullet strikes the skin tangentially. This unique feature may be helpful in assessing entrances of perforating wound tracks or other cases ...
Maeda H - - 1993
We report, from the aspect of 'acting' capability, an autopsy case of suicide by hanging in which multiple deep stab wounds were observed in the neck and chest. A 49-year-old man was found dead in a state typical of hanging. His car was found about 100m away with a blood-stained ...
Betz P - - 1993
A total of 39 vital human skin wounds (20 cases with short survival times ranging from a few seconds to approximately 30 min and 19 cases with wound ages between 50 min and 13 days) were investigated. Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (A1-ACT) was visualized by immunohistochemistry. Additionally, fibronectin was localized in 13 ...
Simper L B - - 1993
The results of 111 acute below-knee amputations in war wounded were reviewed. The majority of the patients were wounded by exploding mines. The amputation stumps were not closed primarily but secondarily after an average of 6.4 days. Reamputation above the knee was necessary in only one case of wound sepsis. ...
Elias A C - - 1992
Six hundred twenty thousand American soldiers were killed in the Civil War--almost as many fatalities as in all wars from the American Revolution through Vietnam. Those soldiers who did not immediately succumb to their wounds often had injuries that taxed the skills and imagination of the surgeon. A case of ...
Reys L L - - 1992
Information in forensic toxicology plays a very important role. The forensic pathologist usually seeks toxicologic analyses on basis of the information available at the time of the medicolegal autopsy. Such information may be obtained from different sources: hospitals, authorities, relatives, friends, or neighbors of the deceased and, obviously, macroscopic findings ...
Bost R O - - 1992
Fluoxetine has been available for use as an antidepressant since early 1988. Numerous reports have indicated that it is at least as good as some of the tricyclic antidepressants and that it does not produce as serious toxicity as the tricyclics. Recently, however, case reports have suggested that it may ...
Gaur J R - - 1992
Self-strangulation for committing suicide by the use of ligature is admittedly rare. A suicidal strangulation case from Haryana State, India is discussed in the light of scene of occurrence, investigations of the ligature and its knot. Initially the case was suspected by the police to be a murder, but proved ...
Felzenberg J - - 1991
The incidence of crossed "fused" renal ectopia has been reported at 1 in 7,500 autopsies, an incidence approximately ten times more frequent than crossed renal ectopia without fusion. Most cases remain asymptomatic and are incidentally encountered on autopsy or during routine workup for unrelated disorders. We herein report a case ...
Lew E O - - 1991
This case of upper airway tract fire resulting from the use of electrocautery during elective tracheostomy has significance for surgeons, anesthetists, and forensic pathologists alike. The major autopsy findings are described and illustrated. Suggestions that may help to prevent or minimize the risk of fire in this context are reviewed.
Shaw G R - - 1991
Multisystem toxicity including both renal and hepatic failure has been reported with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We report a fatal case of multisystem failure associated with tolmetin ingestion in a 15-year-old girl. Microvesicular fatty change was found in the liver at autopsy. To our knowledge, this is the ...
Hutchinson G - - 1991
An epidemiological evaluation was conducted on 270 patients who died at the General Hospital, Port-of-Spain after presenting with deliberate self-poisoning between January, 1986 and June, 1990. The cause of death was confirmed by autopsy and toxicological analysis. Epidemiological variables of age, sex, race, precipitating factors and types of poison used ...
Thomsen J L - - 1991
All firearms fatalities in East Denmark during the period 1984-1987 were examined. There were 276 cases or 3.0 per 100,000 living inhabitants. The majority were suicides (80%) and by far the majority of these were men. There were only four accidents, two of which were the results of 'Russian roulette'. ...
Calache M J - - 1991
This is a case report of a spontaneous remission of depression after an attempted suicide by hanging. The patient suffered from cardiopulmonary arrest and anoxic encephalopathy, but recovered without apparent neurologic sequelae. The authors review the literature and explore the possible effects of hypoxia and hypercapnea on the locus ceruleus ...
Copley I B - - 1991
The effects of high velocity missiles are described. A series of cases of craniocerebral tangential gunshot wounds over a 6 year period is presented with unsuspected cerebral contusion shown by CT. Tangential wounds are defined and classified into four groups. The associated brain damage, often unsuspected prior to CT, and ...
Torvik A - - 1991
Although easily preventable, Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) remains a regrettably frequent and largely undiagnosed disorder in alcoholics. Unselected autopsy materials from the United States and Australia give prevalence figures of 2%. In Oslo, Norway, the corresponding figures are somewhat lower, 0.6%-0.8%. Only a fraction of the cases discovered at autopsy have ...
Fernando G C - - 1990
A suicide by intravenous thiopentone infusion is described. A search of the literature revealed only four cases, but this paucity is possibly due to under-reporting, as these suicides occur amongst medical personnel.
Porter K K - - 1990
Suicides that occur in custody are rare and thus require extensive forensic analysis. Asphyxia by hanging is the most common means of suicide: at least 87.5% of successful suicides are committed in this way. A unique case of suicide in custody is presented in which a prisoner slashed his wrist ...
Claydon S M - - 1990
Self-strangulation by ligature is distinctly uncommon. It is distinct from self-suspension in cases of hanging, the latter being a far more common form of suicide. Self-strangulation must be separated from homicidal strangulation and from accidental sexual asphyxia. The ligature in suicidal strangulation may be knotted or tightened like a tourniquet. ...
Dayton P D - - 1990
The authors present several cases of gunshot injury to the foot. Classification of wounds according to weapon type and caliber is discussed, as well as treatment rationale. Emphasis is placed on the need for detailed wound history and classification as precursors to adequate therapy. The low-velocity, high-energy wound type is ...
Wiley J F JF - - 1990
Mammalian bites account for a large number of emergency department and doctor's visits. Children are the victims in more than half of reported cases. Dogs account for the majority of wounds, and almost all fatalities in these cases are due to dog bites. Human bites and cat bites account for ...
Rao M G - - 1990
Autopsy reports of 231 adult autopsies were examined for clinically unexpected diagnoses. Analysis of data showed that 97 of 188 autopsy diagnoses were clinically unexpected. The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism was clinically the most frequently missed diagnosis relative to its actual occurrence. Also noted was that the proportion of cases ...
Park H - - 1990
We report a case of a 75 year-old male who committed suicide by taking an overdose of captopril. He took approximately ninety 12.5 mg captopril tablets. The postmortem plasma concentration of captopril was 60.4 mg/L. A review of the medical literature revealed five cases of captopril overdose all from unsuccessful ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >