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Results 251 - 300 of 438
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Derenne A - - 1999
In a quantitative review of human operant experiments, Kollins, Newland, and Critchfield (1997) found that humans are less sensitive to reinforcement contingencies than nonhumans are. Human performances were not as consistent with the matching law, and they were more variable from subject to subject. Some of the variables correlated with ...
Shusterman E M - - 1999
Hydrocarbon injection, while commonly seen in domestic accidents or attempted suicide, is not extensively addressed in the literature. This article comprises a review of the various complications of intravascular and soft tissue injection of petroleum distillates, and provides recommendations for patient management. An illustrative case involving the subcutaneous injection of ...
Zonda T - - 1999
The author examined completed suicides occurring over a period of 25 years in a county of Hungary with a traditionally low (relatively speaking) suicide rate of 25.8. The rates are clearly higher in villages than in towns. The male/female was close to 4:1, among elderly though only 1.5:1. The high ...
Prahlow J A - - 1998
In this report, a bizarre case of suicide is presented. The decedent, who had a history of various paraphilias, including sexual masochism and fetishism, died from a self-inflicted intrarectal gunshot wound.
Ohberg A - - 1998
The research phase of the National Suicide Prevention Project in Finland (from 1 April 1987 to 31 March 1988) included medico-legal investigation and psychological autopsy of all deaths suspected of being suicides, including 1397 official suicides and 61 undetermined deaths. In later analyses on suicide, undetermined cases were excluded. This ...
Diegbe I T - - 1998
A one year prospective study was carried out to compare clinical diagnosis antemortem with autopsy diagnosis post-mortem in all patients coming to autopsy. In the study period a total of 612 deaths occurred in the hospital out of which 179 came to autopsy representing an autopsy ratio of 29%. Of ...
Morgen C - - 1998
Experiments were conducted to investigate the concentration of carbon monoxide (CO) in a car cabin under suicide attempts with different vehicles and different start situations, and a mathematical model describing the concentration of CO in the cabin was constructed. Three cars were set up to donate the exhaust. The first ...
Cina S J - - 1998
Accidental, suicidal, and homicidal injuries have been caused by arrows fired from crossbows. To our knowledge, a case of suicide using a full-size compound bow to fire a projectile has not been reported in the English literature. Described is a case of a 17-year-old man who shot himself in the ...
Wright C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of perinatal autopsy. DESIGN: Review of all reports of post mortem examinations carried out following perinatal deaths from January 1994 to June 1994. POPULATION: Former Northern Region of England. METHODS: Assessment of post mortem reports concerning their content and interpretation, the assessment carried out by ...
Introna F F - - 1998
Three cases of forensic interest regarding the estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) by entomological data are presented. The three cases concerning criminal investigations were performed in Southern Italy by the Entomological Laboratory of the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Bari. For each case the authors present a ...
Fleischli J G - - 1997
The authors present a review of the current literature regarding electrical stimulation with special focus on the merits of its uses in wound healing. Literature from a basic science, animal studies and clinical investigations are reviewed. The literature seems to suggest that electrical stimulation can effect wound healing, but the ...
Quatrehomme G - - 1997
The analysis of trauma to the skeleton is an important aspect of forensic case work, but most major pathology references devote limited attention to this topic. The aim of this paper is to analyze bevelling in exit gunshot wounds from a series of 14 cases with 17 exit wounds. Assessment ...
Huston B M - - 1997
In order to potentially decrease the number of homicides and suicides that result from firearms, one must decrease the accessibility of guns. We describe three cases that were obtained from the Onondaga County Medical Examiners Office in New York that occurred between January 1990 to March 1993. In two suicides ...
Ohshima T - - 1997
The present article describes eight cases of suicide by self-cutting or -stabbing. Seven of the deceased had a history of psychiatric problems. In every case, sharp weapon injuries were observed at typical sites of self-inflicted injury. The self-inflicted injuries varied in severity from a single stab wound to multiple cut ...
Karunaratne S - - 1997
AIMS: To study the views of general practitioners on the quality and utility of autopsy reports, and on autopsies in general. METHODS: For a period of six months, a questionnaire was enclosed with each autopsy report sent to a general practitioner from the mortuary at Manchester Royal Infirmary. RESULTS: Most ...
Ellis P S - - 1997
The case of a man who committed suicide by shooting himself in the head is reported. The rifle used by the decedent had been cleaned with the use of a barrel-cleaning brush, which had become detached and had been retained in the barrel. The brush together with the usual projectile ...
Li G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the epidemiologic characteristics and clinical outcomes of self inflicted pediatric injuries in relation to the method of suicide attempt. METHODS: Using data from the National Pediatric Trauma Registry Phase II, a comparative analysis was conducted for children under 15 years of age who were admitted from 1 ...
Smith D B - - 1997
The case of a young man with a chronic, resistant, and unpredictable wound is described. The wound is believed to have been caused by the bite of a brown recluse spider. This article presents a brief overview of the potential sequelae of brown recluse spider bite and a pictorial review ...
Azad A K - - 1997
This study was undertaken to correlate the clinical features and pathologic changes noted during the initial and later stages of fatal typhoid illness. Five cases who died during the initial stage of the illness (< 2 weeks from onset) had altered mental status, tachypnea, and tachycardia. Three had shock and ...
Bove K E - - 1997
The Autopsy Committee of the College of American Pathologists has prepared this guideline in conjunction with representatives of other organizations to assist pathologists in the reporting of perinatal and pediatric autopsies. The guideline is to be regarded as being primarily an educational tool. Application of these recommendations on autopsy reporting ...
Rutty G N - - 1997
The appendix is reported to be a common site for melanosis, especially at autopsy although to date there have been few studies expanding or qualifying this statement. Based on 47 cases identified from a series of 636 consecutive surgical specimens the prevalence, pattern of distribution, nature of the pigment and ...
Bentley A J - - 1997
An unusual case of a homicidal gunshot wound to the chest is reported in which two bullets were fired in unison as tandem bullets from a handgun. At autopsy, two intact bullets were retrieved from the body of the victim, yet there was only one entrance wound and a single ...
Blanco-Pampín J M - - 1997
We report a case of planned complex suicide (PCS) by a young man who had previously tried to commit suicide twice. He was found dead hanging by his neck, with a shot in his head. The investigation of the scene, the method employed, and previous attempts at suicide altogether pointed ...
Uva J L - - 1997
The combination of pneumothoraces, pneumomediastinum, and pneumoperitoneum is a rare consequence of smoking crack cocaine. This is a report of this trilogy of findings in a 17-year-old girl who attempted suicide by smoking crack cocaine. This case is important to the emergency physician because the increase in crack cocaine use ...
Hanna J R - - 1997
A brief review of the literature concerning the wound healing process is presented. A synopsis of the physical and physiologic factors that can affect the rate of this process is provided. The authors discuss the importance of the wound dressing in maintaining an optimal environment for wound healing. Modern dressings ...
Avis S P - - 1996
Fatal ingestion of methotrimeprazine is unusual, and while therapeutic drug levels are established as concentrations between 0.02 to 0.14 mg/L, fatal levels are not. The following describes a case of fatal suicidal ingestion of methotrimeprazine in which the measured concentration of methotrimeprazine in the blood was 4.1 mg/L. In addition, ...
Davis G J - - 1996
Religious objections to the autopsy are as old as autopsies themselves. The development of anatomic studies was hindered in ancient eras, as well as in more recent times, by spiritual views occasionally hostile to the opening of bodies. This review addresses historical and recent attitudes of the three major monotheistic ...
DeNapoli T S - - 1996
We report a case of fatal primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) with Naegleria fowleri in a 13-year-old male, and review the clinical course and diagnostic autopsy findings. The boy developed the infection after swimming with relatives in the Rio Grande and in a holding tank containing water pumped from the river. ...
Betz P - - 1996
A total of 21 suicides by fire (16 males and 5 females) were investigated. In at least 18 of the 21 cases, flammable liquids were used as accelerants leading to severe and extensive burns. The determination of carboxyhemoglobin concentrations revealed comparatively low levels of between 3 and 30 per cent ...
Weitzman J B - - 1996
Ambulatory monitoring devices (AMDs) such as Holter (ECG) and apnea (respiratory) monitors with built-in date- and time-correlated memories are occasionally encountered in the forensic autopsy. Diagnostic data are usually readily obtained by returning the device to the hospital department or rental company. This data can be easily correlated with autopsy ...
Shechter P - - 1996
We describe a 50-year-old depressive patient with severe theophylline toxicity that occurred as a result of attempted suicide. Her theophylline levels peaked at 148 mg/l. She was promptly treated with charcoal hemoperfusion, and responded well. We describe the pharmacokinetics of theophylline removal via hemoperfusion, and review the literature.
Gallerani M - - 1996
To evaluate whether a time pattern exists in the occurrence of suicide, 223 cases observed in Ferrara, Italy, over a 10-year period were considered. The determination of the hour of suicide was precise in 99 cases, presumptive (within a range of 1 hour) in 53, while for another 44 cases ...
Skinker D M - - 1996
Multiple self-inflicted gunshot wounds of the head are uncommon. Detailed history, scene investigation, autopsy findings, consideration of ballistics, and evidentiary proceedings are necessary to determine the manner of death in these cases. This report involves a pattern of atypical, self-inflicted bullet wounds of the head of a 26-year-old male. Investigation ...
Mera J R - - 1996
The objectives of this study were to estimate the frequency of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia and describe its clinical and radiological presentation in adult nontransplantation patients with cancer. Of the 10,441 autopsies performed at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (Houston) during the period of January 1964 through December 1990, 9,029 were ...
Lew E O - - 1996
A man died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. The only inconsistent finding at the scene was that the single fired cartridge casing in the latched revolver cylinder was not under the hammer. This inconsistency is explained by the discovery that the revolver cylinder can be hand-indexed in ...
Kintz P - - 1996
Head space capillary gas chromatography was used to detect alpha chloralose and its potent metabolite, trichloroethanol in clinical and forensic cases. Although alpha chloralose was identified in blood and urine in all cases, trichloroethanol was never detected. In a fatal case the alpha chloralose concentration in blood was 151.3 mg/l. ...
Hantson P - - 1996
We report a suicidal attempt by intracardiac injection of T-61, a veterinary euthanasia drug containing embutramide, mebezonium and tetracaine in dimethylformamide. The main complications were reversible acute renal failure and pericardial effusion. There was a delayed abnormality of the liver function tests possibly related to the dimethylformamide solvent. A liver ...
Gaillard Y - - 1995
We have described a simple, precise and sensitive assay of tetrachloroethylene in whole blood and tissues, suitable both for emergency cases and forensic medicine. The method employs gas chromatography and electron capture detection. The case report concerns a fatal exposure of a child to tetrachloroethylene. Concentrations of the chemical in ...
Definis Gojanović M - - 1995
Six cases of accidental death caused by a shot from handmade or improvised firearms are described. Data were collected on incident, victim and special autopsy findings. In three cases the weapon used was a so-called 'pen gun' of small calibre (5.6 mm) and in two cases a home-made shotgun/muzzle loader ...
Chen X - - 1995
This paper reports a rare autopsy case, a 21-years old healthy female worker, who died of acute iatrogenic water intoxication after she had swallowed powder scraped off 17 matches in an apparent suicide attempt. Gastric lavage was performed as she was wrongly considered to have taken poison containing phosphorus. She ...
Peschel O - - 1995
Self-injection of toxic substances is a rare method of suicide. Since only case reports exist in the forensic literature, an evaluation of the autopsy reports of the Munich Department of Legal Medicine in the period 1976-1994 was performed including 36 suicides and seven homicides due to injection of toxic agents. ...
Powers J M - - 1995
The Autopsy Committee of The College of American Pathologists has prepared this guideline in conjunction with representatives of other organizations to assist pathologists in autopsy procedures for brain, spinal cord, and neuromuscular system. The guideline is to be regarded as being primarily an educational tool. Application of these recommendations on ...
Gevers Sjef - - 1995
Until recently, physician assisted suicide was dealt with on the same basis as active voluntary euthanasia in the Netherlands. Over the last years, several cases relating to assistance in suicide of mental patients did raise specific issues, not addressed so far in the debate on euthanasia. One of these cases ...
Riley U B - - 1995
Pasteurella multocida is a common cause of wound infection following animal-inflicted wounds, but is a rare cause of female genito-urinary sepsis. We present a case of vulval sepsis and a case of intrapartum septicaemia with this bacterium. These two cases indicate that Pasteurella multocida can occasionally colonise the female lower ...
Dubasi P M - - 1995
Necrophilia is the erotic attraction to or a sexual interest in corpses. It is a rare sexual perversion that is seldom reported to police, published in the journals, or found in the forensic literature. It usually involves people who work with cadavers at mortuaries and funeral parlors. This case involved ...
Patterson R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To document that idiopathic anaphylaxis may have a fatal or near fatal outcome. DESIGN: Review of selected cases seen personally by authors during the past 16 years. SETTING: University faculty practice and private practices. PATIENTS: All cases of idiopathic anaphylaxis seen by the authors are not presented, but 10 ...
Kennedy N M - - 1995
Two cases are reported of individuals who committed suicide after they had been identified as being acutely at risk of killing themselves. Self-strangulation by a ligature fashioned from the subjects' clothes was the mechanism of suicide in both cases. One death occurred in a police station and the other on ...
Randall B - - 1995
Elevations in tryptase, a recently discovered mast cell enzyme, have been proposed as a postmortem indicator of fatal anaphylaxis. The previous studies had limited numbers of controls and thus the specificity of the test with postmortem samples was not known. Therefore, tryptase was evaluated in postmortem blood samples from 49 ...
Jacobs D - - 1995
This overview article examines the applications of the psychological autopsy method in determining proximate causation in suicide cases. The article reviews the history of the psychological autopsy and describes its procedure and how it has proved helpful in explicating proximate causation. The five standards currently used by the courts to ...
Karger B - - 1995
Because of the enhanced intracranial tissue disruption (see companion paper) and the functional significance of the central nervous system, penetrating gunshot wounds of the head commonly result in immediate incapacitation. However, in the last century numerous publications reported sustained capability to act following penetrating gunshot wounds of the head. These ...
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