Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 436
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Bjugn Roger - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of fetal, perinatal and infant (< 12 months of age) autopsy reports. One hundred and thirty-six reports were scored for seven major categories (History, External description, Internal examination, Histology report, Other investigations, Placenta, Conclusions/Commentary) derived from "Guidelines for post ...
Karger B - - 2002
Out of a total of 624 consecutive gunshot autopsies from Münster and Hamburg, Germany, 32 cases (5.1%) were accidental. The accidents were self-inflicted in 3 cases while another person fired the gun in the remaining 29 cases. More than half of the victims were younger than 25 years and 75% ...
De Munnynck K - - 2002
Over 1 million dog bites occur every year in the USA, however, fatal dog bites are rare and mostly affect children under 4 years of age and old people. Usually pet dogs are involved and only recently has public awareness of this health problem increased. As an example of a ...
Sukhai A - - 2002
Self-immolation is an uncommon method of suicide, and its occurrence in South Africa is thus far unknown. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of self-immolation deaths and to establish a profile of these cases and the circumstances under which this condition occurs. A 5-year (1996-2000) retrospective review at a ...
Gordijn Sanne J - - 2002
In consenting to a perinatal autopsy, the primary motive of parents may be to find the exact cause of death. A critical review on the value of perinatal autopsies was performed to see whether parents could be counseled regarding their main motive. A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EXCERPTA ...
Lindqvist P - - 2002
In order to identify clues to forensic pathologist's classification of suicide, the forensic files of 100 consecutive cases of suicide, and 22 cases of undetermined manner of death, were analysed. Some specific causes of death, suicidal communication and other circumstantial evidence suggesting suicidal intent explained all but three classifications. Problematic ...
Di Vella Giancarlo - - 2002
In suicidal asphyxia smothering is very rare, especially when caused by winding strips of adhesive tape around the head to cover the nose and mouth. The authors report a very unusual case in which the deceased, a 66-year-old man, was found with two strips of tape wound around his head: ...
Pavlic M - - 2002
A case of suicide with the insecticide omethoate is reported. An 18-year-old apprentice gardener had ingested an unknown amount of omethoate. His body was found in his room lying in the storage space under his bed. The autopsy first showed multiple superficial incisions in the skin of his wrists, furthermore ...
Nakatome M - - 2002
The purpose of the present study was to determine reliable parameters for the detection of apoptotic cells for use as a diagnostic marker during the early stage of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in forensic autopsy cases. Myocardial tissues taken from forensic autopsy cases were examined by immunohistochemical and molecular-biological methods ...
Shenoy Shalini - - 2002
A fatal case of primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) in a 5-month-old infant is described. The disease may have been contracted during bathing. The source of water was from an artificial well. The clinical presentation, the isolation of the ameba from the cerebrospinal fluid, the poor response to amphotericin B, and ...
Jacobson G P - - 2001
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether there exists in the scientific literature support for a cause and effect relationship between tinnitus and suicide. MEDLINE and HealthStar databases were queried using the combined search terms "tinnitus" and "suicide" over the time period from 1966 to 2001 for MEDLINE ...
Hansen Lars - - 2001
The purpose of this paper was to make a critical review of akathisia, based on the principles of evidence-based medicine, and to explore a possible link between akathisia and suicidal behaviour (suicidal thinking, parasuicide and completed suicide). An extensive systematic search was carried out on three major databases, Embase, ClinPsych ...
McClane G E - - 2001
Medical literature describing victims who survive strangulation is scant. The majority of articles on strangulation are found in the forensic literature, describing the post-mortem findings on autopsy. This article presents a suggested protocol for the evaluation and treatment of the surviving victim of strangulation, based upon a review of the ...
Yokose T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) is a possible precursor lesion of adenocarcinoma of the lung, but very few reports of AAH have focused on the autopsy lung. METHODS: We intended to clarify the characteristics of AAH in the general population by using 207 autopsy cases, ranging in age from 0 ...
Nwosu S O - - 2001
This is a study of pattern of autopsy findings in cases of completed suicides, with respect to age, sex and methods employed over a period of 11 years and 2 months. Suicides are generally reported to be rare in the less developed countries. Yet sudden deaths of indetermined aetiology are ...
de Meester A A Cardiology Department, Jolimont Hospital, 7100 Haine Saint Paul, - - 2001
A fatal case of suicide with trazodone alone in a 40-year-old patient is reported. Life-threatening arrhythmias, such as torsades de pointes and complete AV block, are recorded. Blood collected at admission contained a trazodone toxic concentration of 25.4 micrograms/mL. The patient developed multiple organ failure and died less than 24 ...
Vacchiano G - - 2001
We report a case of CO intoxication caused by a motor vehicle's faulty heating-system. A truck driver experienced severe mental deterioration, behavioural changes and delirium after acute CO intoxication and committed suicide 15 months later. This report examines the pathogenetic mechanism of CO, the immediate and delayed consequences of CO ...
Pampin J B - - 2001
We report a remarkable case of suicidal choking in an elderly man with depressive episodes and one previous attempt of suicide. Initially, the presence of a sweater around his neck and blunt injuries on his head, left elbow and sacrum region seemed to indicate a suspicious violent death. During the ...
Henriksson S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study presents data relating to prospectively monitored treatment and post-mortem toxicology of individuals who committed suicide. METHOD: A case-control study of prospectively monitored pharmacological treatment in suicides and controls. Psychiatric records and post-mortem toxicology were also studied. RESULTS: Fifty-nine subjects who committed suicide purchased twice the number of ...
Molina C P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To document the presence of Anitschkow nuclear changes (ANC) in pericardial mesothelium at autopsy after the incidental finding of ANC in pericardial scrapings from a fatal case of overwhelming sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: Fourteen, nonconsecutive autopsy cases were studied. Using the edge of a scalpel, the visceral pericardium from the ...
McMaster A R - - 2001
An unusual case of suicidal ligature strangulation is described. The victim is a 42-year-old white male who devised a very elaborate ligature mechanism comprised of thin wire, a plastic tub filled with water, and a combination of other common objects to commit suicide while in custody. A brief review of ...
Di Nunno N - - 2001
The authors describe four cases of suicide by hara-kiri. This very painful form of suicide consists of self-inflicting a wound in the abdomen using a sharp instrument. It was first reported in 988 A.D. in the East but has now become rare in both the East and West. These four ...
De Letter E A - - 2001
We present a case history involving one fatal and seven survived cases of intoxication with 4-methylthioamphetamine (4-MTA), also called para-methylthioamphetamine (p-MTA) or methylthioamphetamine (MTA), a relatively new amphetamine analogue. Two of the seven survivors required a 24-h-period of observation in hospital. This report proves once again that the new amphetamine ...
Zhu B - - 2000
We report a case of self-decapitation by suicidal hanging from a river bridge and discuss the decapitation mechanism, reviewing the literature. The torso and the head of the victim, respectively, were found apart in a river approximately 100 m and 600 m, respectively, downstream from the bridge in two days. ...
Stein S - - 2000
Melperone is judged to be a safe neuroleptic drug. Until now there has been no report of a melperone fatality, though it has been used in suicide attempts. We report on a case of a 36-year-old woman where no cause of death could be established at autopsy. Criminological investigation pointed ...
Szibor R - - 2000
The paper presents results of forensic mitochondrial DNA analyses which were aimed at typing the traces caused by touching or abrasion of skin cells. Five cases of strangulation tool investigation are summarised. Two cases of homicide could be cleared up by identifying the mtDNA of both the victim and the ...
Marc B - - 2000
A very rare case of suicide by stab wound of a fistula for hemodialysis access in an elderly woman is reported. The incidence of suicide attempts in people undergoing hemodialysis is well known. Nevertheless, suicide means do not usually include stab wounds of the arteriovenous access. Various pattern differences between ...
Hanzlick R L - - 2000
CONTEXT: Although standard autopsy texts and other publications discuss the general content of autopsy reports, and some provide examples of autopsy report formats, no publication to date has recommended specific headings for autopsy report organization. The College of American Pathologists Autopsy Committee decided it would be helpful to provide suggestions ...
Hata M - - 2000
A seventy-three-year-old man was treated for ventricular septal perforation with Gelatin Resorcin Formalin (GRF) glue. The patient died of multiple organ failure 36 days after the surgery. In autopsy, macroscopically, the inferior wall was reconstructed successfully by the GRF glue. Furthermore, microscopic study revealed the excellent growth of collagen and ...
Arcudi G - - 2000
A case of a suicidal death associated with autopsy findings of right cerebellar and vermian agenesis is described. A review of the literature points out the various recurrence of agenesis, symptoms, and the likelihood of motor deficits. The singular coexistence of only behavioral and intellectual deficiency with suicidal inclination in ...
Campman S C - - 2000
A suicide committed with a power saw is an uncommonly reported incident: and the use of a chain saw in particular has been extremely rare. We report two cases of suicide that were committed by using chain saws. In each case the victim had a history of depression or of ...
Kury G - - 2000
Multiple self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the head are rare and usually present a challenge to the pathologist and to the police in determining the manner of death. We report a case of two suicidal gunshot wounds to the head. The literature is reviewed, and the pertinent findings, including location of ...
Bourget D - - 2000
Domestic violence is a cause for major concern in psychiatry today, yet little is known about the amplitude and dynamics of spousal homicide and extended suicide. Within the jurisdiction of the Quebec Coroner's Office, the investigation files on all consecutive cases of deceased victims of intrafamilial violence occurring between 1991 ...
Canetto S S - - 2001
Mercy killing is usually defined as intentional killing, often by family members or friends, with the stated intent to end perceived suffering. International evidence suggests that mercy killing typically involves an older man killing his ailing wife. In this study, we examined U.S. cases of mercy killing recorded by The ...
Neagoe A D - - 2000
This article describes a case of Shared Psychotic Disorder in a married couple. Because only one of the partners of the pair (the inducer) was alive, at the time of the research, the other partner (the recipient) is presented by using a "psychological autopsy" based both on 19 tape recordings ...
Hladík J - - 2000
A case of homicide is described where the body of a young woman was found in the countryside in a state of advanced decomposition. The autopsy revealed that almost all the internal organs were missing, but not due to putrefaction. The thoracic cavity was opened in the professional manner normally ...
Hutchins G M - - 1999
The Autopsy Committee of the College of American Pathologists has prepared this revised guideline to reflect changes that have occurred in the reporting of autopsies since the original guideline was published in February 1995. It is intended to be an instrument to assist pathologists in the reporting of autopsies. The ...
Nowers M P - - 1999
A series of 14 cases of suicide by drowning in the bath in the Bristol area, England between 1974 and 1996 is presented. There were six males and eight females with a mean age of 66 years. The majority were married and lived with their spouse or another relative. Most ...
Bora H - - 1999
Three cases of Safety pins in the aerodigestive tract have been presented here with a brief review of litereture.
Herdson P B - - 1999
We present the case of a 39-year-old male who died with three significant and separate shotgun wounds. During the investigation, the possibility of murder was considered, but reconstruction of the case and post-mortem findings led to a coronial conclusion that the death was a suicide, accounted for by the type ...
Sampson H H - - 1999
A retrospective study was performed using information obtained from HM Coroner for South Yorkshire (West) over the period 1992-1997. All inquests which received a suicide or open verdict were reviewed to investigate the regional suicide statistics and the actual number of cases. Particular attention was paid to the age, sex, ...
Azmak D - - 1999
Determination of the manner of death in the case of intra- and perioral firearm wounds can be difficult especially if death scene investigation is unclear and inadequate. In this study, we investigated some characteristics of these firearm wounds which were autopsied in Istanbul. During the 5-year period from 1991 through ...
Tsujimura T - - 1999
The protocols of 1044 consecutive patients autopsied between 1983 and 1997 at Sumitomo Hospital (Osaka, Japan) were retrospectively analyzed and the findings were compared with clinical diagnoses. In 73 cases, the clinical diagnosis apparently differed from the autopsy findings, and in six cases the origin of a malignant neoplasm remained ...
Onal C - - 1999
Gliomatosis cerebri is a glial neoplastic process that is diffusely distributed through neural structures, whose anatomical configuration remains intact. Among the more than 19,000 cases hospitalized in Istanbul University Istanbul School of Medicine Department of Neurosurgery throughout the past 45 years, only 2 cases were diagnosed as gliomatosis cerebri, 1 ...
Rothschild M A - - 1999
We report three cases where fatal neck injuries were caused by blanks from starting pistols. The weapons were loaded with blank cartridges or tear gas cartridges. Neither live ammunition nor any form of projectile was used. All three cases involved a contact discharge. The gas pressure caused by firing the ...
Lee C J - - 1999
The number of suicides in the pediatric age group is rising, and death investigators need to be aware of the common scenarios, risk factors, and victims as they investigate such cases to properly assign the cause and manner of death. We reviewed all pediatric cases referred to the Medical University ...
Kunsman G W - - 1999
Four postmortem cases are reported in which the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor fluvoxamine was identified. Fluvoxamine was detectable using a standard alkaline drug screen, chromatographed well using a HP-1 column, and did not require derivitization for quantitation. Two of the cases reported were drug intoxications; fluvoxamine was only an incidental ...
Shimizu H - - 1999
Enterovirus 71 (EV71), one of the major causative agents for hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), is sometimes associated with severe central nervous system diseases. In 1997, in Malaysia and Japan, and in 1998 in Taiwan, there were HFMD epidemics involving sudden deaths among young children, and EV71 was isolated ...
Derenne A - - 1999
In a quantitative review of human operant experiments, Kollins, Newland, and Critchfield (1997) found that humans are less sensitive to reinforcement contingencies than nonhumans are. Human performances were not as consistent with the matching law, and they were more variable from subject to subject. Some of the variables correlated with ...
Shusterman E M - - 1999
Hydrocarbon injection, while commonly seen in domestic accidents or attempted suicide, is not extensively addressed in the literature. This article comprises a review of the various complications of intravascular and soft tissue injection of petroleum distillates, and provides recommendations for patient management. An illustrative case involving the subcutaneous injection of ...
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