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Venkatesh V T - - 2007
Differentiating the injuries exclusively due to falls from a height is difficult if no proper history is provided. Some clinical studies and case reports have been published on the subject, but an autopsy-based approach to the subject is missing in the literature of recent decades. A retrospective study was carried ...
De Giorgio Fabio - - 2007
Firearm-related injuries are a major problem worldwide and one of the central issues in forensic pathology. An atypical appearance of a gunshot wound can create surgical or medico-legal diagnostic problems. We report a case of a homicidal shotgun fatality with an unusual trajectory of pellets in the body. Two large ...
Oliva Antonio - - 2007
A fatality due to the intravenous self-injection of Ketorolac (Toradol) is reported. Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with marked analgesic activity. There is limited information of fatalities attributed to ketorolac toxicity. Here we report the case of a 53-year-old woman with a medical history of depression that was ...
Jellinger K A - - 2007
The retrospective study of a consecutive autopsy series of 1100 elderly subjects (mean age 78.3 +/- 6.8 SD years), revealed sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) in 50.0% and in 95.7% of autopsy-confirmed cases of Alzheimer disease (AD). Apolipoprotein (APOE) epsilon 3/4 and epsilon 4/4 were significantly more frequent in AD ...
Singleton M - - 2007
Autopsy cases involving individuals retaining radioactive substances are fortunately rare, but when they occur they can impose significant radiation safety and legal requirements. This review aims to improve the understanding of these issues so that appropriate precautions are implemented when necessary. This review describes the properties of ionizing radiations, natural ...
Palmiere Cristian - - 2007
In cases of ligature strangulation, the importance of distinguishing self-inflicted death from homicide is crucial. This entails objective scene investigation, autopsy and anamnesis in order to elucidate the manner of death correctly. The authors report a case of unplanned complex suicide by means of self-strangulation and multiple sharp force injury. ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2007
Suspicion of neonaticide often leads to a request for a forensic autopsy. In that setting, it is important to correlate autopsy findings with the history given by the mother. So far, caput succedaneum has not raised interest in forensic pathology. A caput succedaneum is a haemorrhagic oedema involving the skin ...
Shields Lisa B E - - 2007
The risk of suicide is significantly increased in schizophrenics; it is estimated that 10-13% of individuals suffering from schizophrenia commit suicide. Schizophrenia is marked by psychotic exacerbations and remissions, with persistent deterioration in baseline functioning with each relapse. We present a 10-year (1993-2002) retrospective review of Medical Examiners' cases of ...
Mula Marco - - 2007
There is little literature on a possible link between the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and the occurrence of suicidal ideation. Nevertheless, its occurrence needs to be promptly recognized because it may trigger suicidal attempts. We retrospectively evaluated a case registry of 517 patients taking levetiracetam (LEV) for suicidal ideation, ...
Huxtable Richard - - 2007
The Dutch case of Brongersma presents novel challenges to the definition and evaluation of voluntary euthanasia since it involved a doctor assisting the suicide of an individual who was (merely?) 'tired of life'. Legal officials had called on the courts to 'set a principled boundary', excluding such cases from the ...
Lin Dong-Liang - - 2007
Paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA) and paramethoxymethamphetamine (PMMA) are methoxylated phenylethylamine derivatives that have been banned in Taiwan since December 2005. The case history and pathological and toxicological findings of eight recent PMMA fatalities were investigated. All specimens from these cases were initially identified by an AxSYM fluorescence polarization immunoassay screening test for ...
Balci Y - - 2007
The aim of this study is to present the characteristics of gunshot suicides by highlighting the ones with multiple entrance wounds. The criminal investigation reports of suicides (n=318) during the period 1991-2000, in the central judicial district of Eskisehir were investigated. 20.4% of all suicide cases (n=65) used firearms. Firearm ...
Grassberger Martin - - 2007
Helium is an inert gas that among other things is used medically to alleviate the symptoms of airway obstruction, as part of a diving mix in deep-sea diving or as balloon gas. In recent years the so-called right-to-die literature has suggested suffocation with inhaled helium as an effective and peaceful ...
Ma Marek - - 2007
Clostridium novyi is a Gram-positive anaerobe, which is commonly a pathogen of domestic and wild animals. Disease in humans typically presents as myonecrosis. C. novyi has not previously been reported as a cause of myocarditis. We report a fatal case with infection of the myocardium by C. novyi type B.
Racette Stéphanie - - 2007
In forensic practice, decapitated bodies are predominantly associated with decapitation by wheels of trains or with postmortem dismemberment following homicide. In the suicidal context, decapitation accounts for less than 1% of total suicide. Apart from decapitation by trains, other encountered methods involve suicidal hanging and vehicle-assisted ligature suicide. Reported here ...
Ennis William J - - 2007
Wound healing is a complex pathway that is energy dependent. Nonhealing wounds frequently require the use of physical modalities to achieve healing. There is much debate over which treatment modality to use, with varying clinical results in the literature. This review paper describes a common biochemical pathway that helps the ...
Kocabay G - - 2006
We report the case of a 49-year-old male who took an overdose of 1650 mg of clopidogrel with suicidal intent. The patient developed abnormalities of platelet aggregation, but never developed symptoms. Clopidogrel is a commonly prescribed drug. Reports of overdose of clopidogrel were very rarely reported in the literature.
Hart Christian L - - 2006
Between 2000 and 2004, 125 recreational parachuting fatalities were reported in the USA. Each was categorized using a previously reported taxonomy. While patterns of skydiving fatality were largely unchanged since the last such analysis of fatalities from 1993-1999, some variations were noted. As in previous analyses, most of the recent ...
Montisci Massimo - - 2006
The paper describes a case of suicide in a young man affected by compensated chronic hydrocephalus who was subject to alcohol abuse. The case was studied by means of a complex set of analyses, including circumstantial and clinical data, anatomohistopathological findings, and chemicotoxicologic tests. What clearly emerges in the case ...
Omalu Bennet I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We present the second reported case of autopsy-confirmed chronic traumatic encephalopathy in a retired professional football player, with neuropathological features that differ from those of the first reported case. These differing pathological features underscore the need for further empirical elucidation of the pathoetiology and pathological cascades of long-term neurodegenerative ...
Buckner Tyler - - 2006
Autopsy rates and clinicopathologic correlations for pediatric autopsies and the subgroup of pediatric oncology autopsies in a large teaching hospital were studied to evaluate the utility of autopsy in these populations. Autopsy records of the University of North Carolina hospitals from 1982 to 2001 were reviewed for all patients less ...
Sharma Gyanendra - - 2006
The objective was to study the external causes of death reported in the autopsy centre in Kathmandu, Nepal. A retrospective review of case report documentation of all violent and traumatic death autopsies was conducted in Kathmandu from mid-July 2000 to mid-July 2004. A total of 4383 autopsies were conducted by ...
Vougiouklakis Theodore - - 2006
Little information is presenting in Greek literature regarding forensic and criminological aspects of homicide in North-West Greece. Autopsy reports and the prosecution authorities' files were respectively analyzed with regard to individual characteristics of perpetrators and victims, circumstances, and mode of commitment in order to comprehensively characterize relevant forensic and criminologic ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2006
During expert testimony in court, forensic pathologists are often asked to estimate the length of survival following fatal injuries. Though it is impossible to be precise, fatal vascular trauma survival times are generally considered short. We here report two unusual cases of delayed deaths, one following homicidal stabbing of the ...
Adair Thomas W - - 2006
We report on two cases of suicide in which the victims started fires before their deaths. In one case the victim died of a single self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head after setting several fires in his residence. In the second case the victim hung himself after setting several fires ...
Panourias I G - - 2006
Nail guns are powerful tools commonly used in the building industry. As a result of their improper use, many accidents of bodily injury, including death, have already been reported over the last 50 years; their use in suicide attempts, however, is rare. In this paper, an unusual case of unsuccessful ...
Arora Manu - - 2006
There is an increase in the usage of olanzapine because of its relatively benign adverse effect profile. We report a case of suicidal overdose who survived after ingestion of 1600 mg of olanzapine requiring minimal intervention. Fluctuation in mental status suggestive of toxic delirium was noted during recovery from overdose. ...
Turillazzi Emanuela - - 2006
A very unusual homicide of 2 children by smothering and strangulation by means of a rubber adhesive band carried out by the mother who committed suicide by the same manner is presented. Smothering is supposed to be one major cause of death in child homicide. Suicide by smothering is relatively ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2006
While reports of suicide by smothering and strangulation are common, suicide by choking is far more rare. In addition to the act being difficult to carry out, suspected cases are not easily distinguished from accidental or homicidal deaths. Here, we present a case of suicide by choking on toilet paper ...
Parra Michael W - - 2006
Unusual ways of committing suicide are reported in the medico-legal literature, but few refer to the so-called "planned complex suicide" (PCS). PCS, also termed primary combined suicide, is defined as the combination of two or more methods of injury by the suicidal person to prevent failure of a single method ...
Panigada Simone - - 2006
This paper reviews and analyzes ship collision records for the relatively isolated population of fin whales in the Mediterranean Sea from 1972 to 2001. Out of 287 carcasses, 46 individuals (16.0%) were certainly killed by boats. The minimum mean annual fatal collision rate increased from 1 to 1.7 whales/year from ...
Gibson Sarah E - - 2006
Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy is a recently recognized, scleromyxedema-like fibrosing skin condition that occurs in individuals with acute or chronic renal failure. Although the early descriptions of this disorder describe a purely cutaneous disease process, 2 recent autopsy reports have identified apparent multiorgan fibrosis with involvement of skeletal muscle, myocardium, lungs, ...
Schlesinger Louis B - - 2006
Despite the high-profile nature of many celebrity stalking cases, little is known about the offenders and even less is known about those who kill their celebrity victims. The case of an obsessed fan who attempted to kill a rock star and then committed suicide is presented. By analyzing his detailed ...
Canfield Dennis V - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: It is important in aviation accident investigations to determine if a fire occurred during flight or after the crash and to establish the source(s) of the toxic gases. METHODS: Bio-specimens from aviation accident fatalities are submitted to CAMI for analyses. In blood, CO is analyzed as carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) and ...
Baum Antonia L - - 2005
Not only are athletes at risk for psychiatric illness, but they are at risk of suicide. In an effort to learn more about suicide in athletes and those connected to the sports arena, a review of the medical literature from 1960 to 2000 was conducted through Medline, and a review ...
Türk Elisabeth E - - 2005
A rare case of vehicle-assisted suicide in a 43-year-old man is presented. The man had tied a rope between a fence and his neck and, while seated on the driver's seat, accelerated the vehicle, which resulted in complete decapitation. Earlier that day, the man had tried to bleed himself to ...
Bills Corey B - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is the 11 th leading cause of death in the United States. The objective of this study is to document the characteristics of aviation-related suicides and suicide attempts. METHODS: Aviation accidents reported by the National Transportation Safety Board between 1983 and 2003 were screened for cases in which ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2005
Fire deaths are usually accidental, but atypical cases of homicide or suicide have been described. In suicide by fire, the only method reported by several authors consists of self-immolation. We present here the unusual case of an adult female who committed suicide by waiting in the living room after setting ...
Taira Kayano - - 2005
A 52-year-old man without a history of asthma or allergic diseases died of ventricular fibrillation early in the morning. His autopsy revealed no significant findings, except for a mild mural-thickening localized at the proximal region of the right coronary artery. Microscopic examination showed periarteritis with infiltration of numerous eosinophils in ...
Tsuchiya Kuniaki - - 2005
This report concerns a clinicopathological study of two autopsied patients with spinocerebellar ataxia 6 (SCA6), and a statistical analysis between neuronal loss of the inferior olive and disease duration of 15 SCA6 autopsy cases reported to date, including the two cases reported in this study. Cases 1 and 2 came ...
Singh B P - - 2005
Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL), Chandigarh undertakes the examination of the crime cases of some northern states of India. The shooting cases of last two decades (1980-1999) involving shotguns were analysed in this laboratory. This paper consists of the study of 360 actual cases of shotguns for evaluation of various ...
Hsieh Chih-Hsin - - 2005
This report presents a case of hydrochloric acid injection in the inguinal area in a suicide attempt, resulting in total occlusion of the external iliac artery, requiring disarticulation of the hip. To the authors' best knowledge, it has not been previously reported in the English medical literature. The accelerated destructive ...
Jeglic Elizabeth L - - 2005
This article examines the functions of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in forensic populations. The cases of four individual offenders who have engaged in SIB are presented. These cases depict the four main functions of self-harm behaviors including (a) suicidal intent, (b) manipulation of the environment, (c) emotion regulation, and (d) a ...
Malhotra P - - 2005
Snake bite is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in India, with an estimated 35,000 to 50,000 fatal bites occurring annually. The neurological consequences of snake bite are predominantly the result of inhibition of neuromuscular transmission. We describe the first documented case of autopsy proven acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following ...
Young Thomas W - - 2005
This case-control study investigates the relationship between suicide and wealth in Kansas City, Missouri. House and personal property appraisal data on all victims of suicide from 1998 and 2002 and victims from a control population of deaths reported to the Jackson County Medical Examiner during the same time interval were ...
Gethin Georgina - - 2005
Gethin G, Cowman S. Case series of use of Manuka honey in leg ulceration. Abstract The historical and current literature reports the successful use of honey to manage a diversity of wound aetiologies. However, only in the last 40 years is research on its mode of action and contribution to ...
Rainio Juha - - 2005
Gunshot injuries are a major problem worldwide from the human, medical, and economic perspectives. The number and characteristics of gunshot fatalities have been observed to vary significantly between countries. This study analyzes fatal gunshot wounds in the region of Uusimaa, Southern Finland, between 1995 and 2001. Gunshot wounds were typically ...
Ermenc B - - 2005
We present the as yet unresolved case of the death by gunshot wound of a 21-year-old student from a recent local inspection. It was reported that the daughter of the house had been shot through the window while she was washing the dishes. Slight discrepancies were noted in the statements ...
Rygol K - - 2005
The authors have reviewed medico-legal opinions relating to 3690 autopsy cases of homicides. Forensic analysis of all these cases showed a gradual increase in the number of homicides, especially those resulting from beating or using fire-arms. A great number of homicides with incised or stab wounds was also observed.
Mazzolo G M - - 2005
Cases at study comprise 21 sharp force fatalities (9 suicides--7 m and 2 f; 8 homicides--5 m and 3 f; 2 accidental deaths--1 m and 1 f; 2 uncertain cases--2 m), examined from 1993 to 2002. Suicide age range was 17-75 years, mean 42.4; in seven cases the age was ...
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