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Wayangankar Siddharth A - - 2010
Cardiac complications of high-dose cytosine arabinoside (HiDAC), although rare, predominantly include pericarditis, pericardial effusion and cardiomyopathy (with concurrent use of cyclophosphamide). Clinically significant arrhythmias associated with HiDAC, although reported in the literature, are rare. The following case report has for the first time used the Naranjo Scale to document a ...
Eggleton Benjamin J - - 2010
Introduction to a focus issue of invited articles that review recent progress in chalcogenide photonics.
Bjornsson Hjalti M - - 2010
The identification and appropriate management of those at highest risk for life-threatening anaphylaxis remains a clinical enigma. The most widely used criteria for such patients were developed in a symposium convened by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease/Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network. In this paper we review the current ...
Pendleton Courtney - - 2010
Harvey Cushing's monograph The Pituitary Body and Its Disorders describes Case XXXII, a 36-year-old man who presented with gigantism in 1910. The detailed post-mortem exam findings are prefaced with a cryptic statement, describing "inauspicious circumstances" surrounding the autopsy. Although contemporary biographies of Cushing have offered insight into these circumstances, the ...
Berens Sandra - - 2011
Determination of the manner of death in case of intraoral firearm wounds can be a challenge, especially if the circumstances of the incident are unclear and crime scene investigation is inadequate. It is a well-known fact that the mouth is one of the selected sites for suicide with firearms. Homicidal ...
Morgan D R - - 2010
Builders Polyurethane (PU) expandable foam is a product used to fill voids and provide insulation in the building industry. It is easily available from DIY and hardware stores. Other uses include pest control. It can produce fumes, while curing, which can be toxic to humans, or induce asthma and there ...
Germerott Tanja - - 2010
The literature contains many case reports of planned and complex suicides, which combine various methods to commit suicide. In this article, we present the anomalous suicide of an adult male by strangulation with a belt and simultaneous ingestion of plaster. The specific circumstances of the case are described and relevant ...
Cullen Erin F - - 2010
This is a 57-year-old white man with a medical history of depression and recent suicidal ideation that necessitated police response with confiscation of his shotgun. Approximately 3 weeks later he was found by his landlord lifeless on the floor surrounded by a pool of blood.Scene investigation revealed a homemade shotgun ...
Fries C A - - 2010
Topical negative pressure (TNP) has been used as a method of wound management for some years. Use of TNP is accepted best practice at Role 4. There are advocates of using TNP after initial wound surgery at Role 3 or 2E. The evidence to support forward use of TNP is ...
Zanchi A - - 2010
Sedation in paediatric MR is a necessary choice because very often we are dealing with uncooperative patients about to undergo lengthy examinations. The aim of this a retrospective study is to demonstrate that profound sedation with halogenated vapour Sevorane, together with specific systems for monitoring vital signs, is a safe ...
Hinck Daniel - - 2010
Despite surgical and technological advances, managing combat-related injuries remains challenging both within and outside of the war theater. Unique characteristics of a war theater such as environmental contamination, varying evacuation procedures, and differing levels of medical care, add to the complexity. The advent of body armor has increased blast survival ...
Gregory Marilyn J - - 2010
Homicide-suicide (HS) events in Yorkshire and the Humber have been documented previously by Milroy in a study of the period 1975 to 1992 (Milroy, Med Sci Law. 1993;33:167-171; Milroy 1994; Milroy, Forensic Sci Int. 1995;71:117-122; Milroy, Med Sci Law. 1995;35:213-217; and Milroy, J Clin Forensic Med. 1998;5:61-64). Reported here is ...
A?irdizer Mahmut - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, some features of suicidal firearm deaths have been described, but series of suicidal deaths using shotgun are limited in the literature. The aim of the present study was to define several characteristics of suicidal shotgun deaths. METHODS: In this study, we reviewed retrospectively 36,971 autopsy reports ...
Siebert Joseph R - - 2009
CONTEXT: -When autopsy reports are delayed, clinicians and families do not receive information in a timely fashion. OBJECTIVE: -Using lean principles derived from the Toyota Production System, we set out to streamline our autopsy reporting process. DESIGN: -In a formal workshop setting, we identified the steps involved in producing an ...
Gill James R - - 2009
Santeria and Palo Mayombe are syncretic religions created in the New World based upon African religious beliefs combined with Christianity. The main worship of Palo Mayombe involves religious receptacles that may contain earth, sticks, varied artifacts, and animal and human remains. Due to the use of human and nonhuman remains, ...
Zoja Riccardo - - 2009
Suicide by train with complete voluntary decapitation is an extremely rare event, however, well known and reported in the scientific literature. The authors analyze 4 cases of suicide with complete decapitation by main line or underground train that were subjected to medico-legal autopsies at the Milan Institute of Legal Medicine ...
Shetty B Suresh Kumar - - 2009
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The incidence and pattern of suicide vary from country to country. Cultural, religious and social value plays a vital role. Hanging, poisoning, drowning are the common methods of committing suicide. Suicide by incising one's own throat without hesitation ...
Scholing M - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the role of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) as an alternative for autopsy in determining the cause of death and the identification of specific injuries in trauma victims. A systematic review was performed by searching the EMBASE and MEDLINE databases. Articles were eligible ...
Hagemeier L - - 2009
Suicides with stud guns are uncommon, but are well documented in the literature. On rare occasions, stud guns are also used as a homicide weapon. This case report describes an extended suicide in which a husband killed his wife and their two dogs, which lived on the property. The husband ...
Mattoo Surendra K - - 2009
Compared to other antipsychotics quetiapine has been reported to be relatively safer in overdose. We report a case with paranoid schizophrenia who attempted suicide with 1400 mg of quetiapine and manifested drowsiness, supraventricular tachycardia (167/minute) and minimal ST depression in leads V1 to V6 on ECG; all other physiological parameters ...
Jiang Wei - - 2009
We describe two cases of Clostridium glycolicum wound infections in immunocompetent adults. The bacterium was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. This is the third published report of the recovery of this organism from human clinical material and highlights the importance of the organism as a potential human pathogen. Our ...
Viel Guido - - 2009
Captive-bolt guns or slaughterer's guns are devices widely used in meat industry and private farmer households for slaughtering animal stocks. They consist of a simple cylindrical metal tube (barrel) with a metal bolt placed in their centre (around 9-15cm long and 1-1.5cm wide). The bolt is actuated by a trigger ...
Sun Z Y - - 2009
We present the case of a patient in whom active new hair growth occurred around a wound after healing. This very rare phenomenon has not previously been reported in the literature. We postulate that, after the epidermis and hair follicles have been damaged by wounding, it is possible for them ...
Hocaoglu C - - 2009
A suicide pact is an agreement between two or more people to kill themselves. They represent 0.6-4.0 percent of all suicides, with the vast majority being double suicides. Double suicides are quite rare and are generally seen in old, married couples. We present a double suicide pact involving two young ...
Behera C - - 2009
A 21-year-old girl was fatally injured by her 25-year-old brother-in-law, who was deeply in love with her. She was shot in the abdomen with a locally-made pistol. The man then shot himself in the front of his head with the same gun. He died on the spot while the girl, ...
Gloulou Fatma - - 2009
Suicides or suicide attempts with power saws (band, circular or chain saws) are rather rare events and only a few case reports exist in the forensic literature. The use of a band saw, in particular, has been extremely rare in cases of suicide. We report two cases of suicide that ...
Guerrero D - - 2008
We report the case of a 71-year-old woman with progressive dementia over the course of 4 years, characterized by prominent pyramidal signs and by the lack of ataxia and other cerebellar signs. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was not suspected during the patient's life. Autopsy brain tissue showed severe spongiform encephalopathy with ...
Yang Q-P - - 2009
There was an outbreak of human Streptococcus suis (S. suis) infection in southwest China in 2005. The total number of documented patients was 204 and 38 of them died. Four cases were autopsied and are reported in this paper. The autopsies showed that multiple organs were involved, with a prominent ...
Pridmore Saxby - - 2008
AIM: This paper uses the public record to explore the relationship between reputation damage and suicide. METHOD: The public record of the last 20 years was examined for examples of individuals without evidence of mental disorder who suffered actual or threatened reputation damage and suicided shortly thereafter. RESULTS: Fifteen individual ...
Takamiya Masataka - - 2009
We encountered an autopsy case related to a terrorist attack using a ball-bearing bomb. The decedent was a 51-year-old male without significant medical histories. During dinner in a restaurant, the perpetrator suddenly exploded a ball-bearing bomb, the blast from which blew the victim off his chair. The victim was found ...
Saint-Martin Pauline - - 2008
Penetrating stab wounds of the brain are uncommonly seen in modern times and occur almost exclusively in homicides. We report an unusual death by self-stabbing. A 24-year-old man was found dead at home, the handle of a kitchen knife protruding from his forehead. Data such as the psychiatric history of ...
Molina D Kimberley - - 2008
Given the prevalence of rimfire and centerfire rifle usage in both suicidal and homicidal cases, there is a paucity of articles in the literature that focus specifically on rifle wounds. Gunshot wounds, in general, have been extensively studied with articles focusing on the types of injuries, weapons used, wound locations ...
Knittel Douglas - - 2008
Suicides without apparent antecedent causes present great difficulties for medical examiners and families alike. A case is presented of a young male suicide victim whose antemortem course did not demonstrate apparent psychopathology to either his family or fellow students. A journal written by the decedent was found, however, which revealed ...
Harding Brett E - - 2008
Nitrogen is an inert gas that is a normal constituent of the air that we breathe. It is a suffocating gas that does not support life and that can be a cause of death by the displacement of oxygen in the atmosphere. The majority of deaths associated with nitrogen have ...
Dedouit Fabrice - - 2008
The authors describe a case of suicide in the workplace. A 45-year-old man employed by a fruit and vegetable packing company was found dead in a room containing a modified atmosphere for the packaging of fruits and vegetables. The rescue team measured the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration of the ambient ...
Zhao Dong - - 2008
The victim (59-year-old male) used a long hemp rope tied between his neck and a cherry tree while attempting to drive his car away, resulting in complete decapitation. At autopsy, the decapitation wound of the head and the torso corresponded perfectly; a clear-cut severance plane was found at the bottom ...
Abshire T - - 2008
Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa, NovoSeven) has been licensed for treatment of haemophilia with inhibitors in Europe since 1996 and in North America since 1999. Overall, approximately 1.5 million doses have since been administered. Safety data from licensure to April 2003 revealed 25 thromboembolic (TE) adverse events (AE) from over 700 ...
Inelmen Emine Meral - - 2008
AIM: We report an unusual case of "failed suicide" in an oldest old woman who was apparently "aging successfully". METHOD: This case was analysed in the light of a careful literature review. RESULTS: This was an unusual case of failed suicide, attempted by a 94-year-old woman who had planned the ...
Töro Klára - - 2008
Hanging is one of the most frequent methods for suicides among young males. This report presents two cases of suicide by hanging on pylons carrying high-voltage power lines. The male victims suffered electrocution while committing suicide. Electrocution was the cause of death in both cases, however in one case blunt ...
Tournel Gilles - - 2008
Described here is a case of suicide with the use of a chainsaw. A female suffering from schizophrenia committed suicide by an ingenious use of a chainsaw that resulted in the transection of her cervical spine and spinal cord. The findings of the resulting investigation are described and the mechanism ...
Rodriguez Paola G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The presence of oxygen is necessary for normal wound healing. Oxygen has been given as a therapeutic modality to assist and speed wound healing. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to summarize the role of oxygen in wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review of clinical and basic science studies ...
Salfati C Gabrielle - - 2008
It has been estimated that women involved in street prostitution are 60 to 100 times more likely to be murdered than are nonprostitute females. In addition, homicides of prostitutes are notoriously difficult to investigate and, as such, many cases remain unsolved. Despite this large risk factor, little literature exists on ...
Walker Sue - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To highlight issues relating to suicide coding that have an impact on the final reported mortality data by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. METHOD: This paper presents an outline of the way in which the official Australian suicide data is captured and coded and highlights issues relating to the ...
Paul Julia C - - 2008
Unpleasant odor is a frequent and distressing concern of persons who have wounds, as well as their family members and caregivers. In some instances, standard nursing interventions such as increasing the frequency of dressing changes will not be sufficient to address wound malodor. A review of the literature to summarize ...
Krieger Stephen - - 2008
Uncompleted suicide attempts are a significant cause of morbidity, which in catastrophic cases can be both medically and ethically challenging to manage. We discuss the case of a 63-year-old man who survived a suicide attempt by venlafaxine (Effexor) overdose, causing an intracranial hemorrhage and leaving him in an apparently awake ...
Simon Robert I - - 2008
Suicide attempts and completions by individuals while naked remain unexplored, both by clinicians and in the professional literature. Nakedness at the time of the incident conveys important information about an individual's mental state. Motivations for attempting or completing suicide while naked are discussed. Nakedness during a suicide attempt is presumptive ...
Peisah Carmelle - - 2007
The neuropathological correlates of suicide in older persons have received little research attention. Our recent study of elderly suicide victims from an Australian forensic medicine department (n = 143), unlike a previous case-control study, did not find an increased prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in older persons who committed suicide ...
Blumenthal Ryan - - 2007
A retrospective review of 406 suicidal gunshot wounds to the head, investigated at the Medico-Legal Laboratory of Pretoria, between 1997 and 2000 was performed. Fifty-seven percent of fatal suicidal firearm injury to the head occurred in the 21- to 40-year age range in both male and female victims. Eighty-two percent ...
Venkatesh V T - - 2007
Differentiating the injuries exclusively due to falls from a height is difficult if no proper history is provided. Some clinical studies and case reports have been published on the subject, but an autopsy-based approach to the subject is missing in the literature of recent decades. A retrospective study was carried ...
De Giorgio Fabio - - 2007
Firearm-related injuries are a major problem worldwide and one of the central issues in forensic pathology. An atypical appearance of a gunshot wound can create surgical or medico-legal diagnostic problems. We report a case of a homicidal shotgun fatality with an unusual trajectory of pellets in the body. Two large ...
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