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Results 301 - 350 of 624
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Piantanida Nicholas A - - 2002
Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is an uncommon inflammatory myopathy with characteristic cutaneous manifestations. Certain clinical features such as cutaneous calcification, lipoatrophy, and generalized hypertrichosis can occur in JDM but are uncommon in the adult form of the disease. We report a young girl who presented with dramatic infrapatellar hypertrichosis along with ...
Ortonne N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We report three new cases of cutaneous Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman disease (DRDD). Two were skin-limited, and one was associated with systemic involvement. In all cases typical large S100 positive macrophages with emperipolesis were present, but different patterns were seen. A viral etiology has long been suspected in DRDD. METHODS: Thus, all ...
Conlin Phillip A - - 2002
Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (EH) is a unique histopathologic alteration of the skin characterized by hyperkeratosis with perinuclear vacuolization of keratinocytes primarily in the stratum granulosum and the stratum malpighii. It is seen as an incidental finding in a variety of conditions, benign and malignant, as well as sporadic and familial. Recently, ...
Caumes E - - 2002
Seven patients (four men, three women, mean age 31 years), all returning from the tropics, presented with pruritic folliculitis and creeping eruption. The folliculitis consisted of 20-100 follicular papules and pustules confined to a particular area of the body, mainly the buttocks. The creeping eruption consisted of two to 10 ...
Faulkner Catherine F - - 2002
A 45-year-old premenopausal woman presented with an 18-month history of a band-like area of fibrosing alopecia affecting the frontoparietal scalp. She also had marked thinning of the eyebrows. The histopathology was consistent with frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Several months later she developed multiple pruritic papules on the wrists and feet. ...
Aoki Mikako - - 2002
Lichen aureus is a localized variant of pigmented purpuric dermatitis (PPD) and is rarely reported. A case of lichen aureus in a 28-year-old woman and a 13-year-old boy are presented. Biopsy results revealed the characteristic pattern of lichen aureus, including diffuse deposition of hemosiderin and dermal infiltrate of lymphocytes and ...
Nebrida M Lourdes Anna - - 2002
Cutaneous or dermal mucinoses are a heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders in which there is an accumulation of mucin in the skin or within the hair follicle. They have a number of different morphologic presentations and can often be confused with other diseases. We report a 12-year-old Chinese girl ...
Revenga F - - 2002
We report a 46-year-old male who developed cellulitis of his third right finger after being injured with a metallic object. Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans was isolated from both the skin and the metallic object. Systemic cryptococcosis and immunosuppression was excluded by appropriate tests. Complete healing was achieved after 10 months ...
Moehrle Matthias - - 2002
Cerebriform giant melanocytic nevus of the scalp is an extremely rare malformation. Clinical appearance with maceration and fetor within the crypts and the risk of malignant transformation may require surgical therapy. We report two cases with different methods of surgical management. A 27-year-old woman noticed a swelling of the parietal ...
Agarwal Smita - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous pancreatic fat necrosis is a pathognomonic sign for pancreatic disease and usually presents as subcutaneous nodules in the pretibial region. OBJECTIVE: A case of cutaneous pancreatic fat necrosis is presented in which the clinical presentation of diffuse erythema was unusual. This disease is discussed and its possible etiologies ...
Mazereeuw-Hautier J - - 2002
Epidermal nevus is a congenital malformation of the epidermis consisting of verrucoid scaly plaques on the skin, often in a linear fashion. Different histologic features have been seen and, at times, acantholytic dyskeratosis has been observed. We report a new case of acantholytic dyskeratotic epidermal nevus. A 3-year-old girl presented, ...
Ferrara Gerardo - - 2002
We describe 5 cases of "compound blue nevus" (CBN) ("superficial blue nevus with prominent intraepidermal dendritic melanocytes," "Kamino nevus"). Dermoscopically in 2 of 4 cases the bluish pigmentation characteristic of blue nevi was centrally replaced by a black lamella, with black dots and brown globules also observed in one case, ...
Chang K A - - 2001
Extravasation is one of the common complications seen with intravenous infusion. We bring forward a case of subcutaneous mannitol extravasation, which caused swelling and multiple cutaneous bullous eruptions in the hand and forearm during craniotomy. Treatment consisting of elevation of the affected extremity and application of silver sulfadiazine ointment twice ...
Sharma S K - - 2001
We report a case of exclusive involvement of lymph node in leishmaniasis presenting as generalized lymphadenopathy. The diagnosis of lymphatic leishmaniasis was confirmed by the presence of Leishmania donovani body in fine needle aspiration cytology, positive direct agglutination test and anti-rK39 antibodies. The bone marrow aspiration was negative for Leishmania ...
Severo L C - - 2001
A case of cutaneous cryptococcosis due to Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii in an immunocompetent host is presented. In addition a review of the literature on this subject was carried out and a brief comment made on occurrence of the variety gattii in Brazil.
Chu C Y - - 2001
Gemcitabine is considered to be a well-tolerated and safe cytostatic drug because of the relative lack of side effects. Cutaneous reactions due to gemcitabine treatment, including alopecia and maculopapular eruption, are well known. We report one patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung who developed a gemcitabine-induced cutaneous reaction ...
Gibson L E - - 2001
The classification of cutaneous vasculitis and its general principles, including clinical patterns, pathogenesis, and causes, are reviewed in this article. Several types of cutaneous vasculitis are discussed in detail, including Henoch-Schonlein purpura, erythema elevatum diutinum, and cutaneous polyarteritis nodosum. The approach to treatment for cutaneous vasculitis also is reviewed.
Ukleja A - - 2001
Lichen planus is a common mucocutaneus disorder that rarely involves the esophagus. We report two challenging cases presenting with recurrent dysphagia originally suspected due to gastroesophageal reflux. Subsequent evaluation revealed peculiar endoscopic findings of desquamative esophagitis leading to the diagnosis of lichen planus of the esophagus. This disorder should be ...
Shemer A - - 2001
Based on histological findings, the patient had lichen planus. The clinical picture suggests Wolf's isotopic response on the site of healed herpes zoster. These conditions taken into account lead to the diagnosis of zosteriform lichen planus. Lichenoid papules in a dermatomal arrangement are extremely rare. The clinical, dermoscopic and histological ...
Bondeson J - - 2001
A cutaneous horn is a protrusion from the skin made up of cornified material. These horns can be derived from a variety of epidermal lesions, both benign and malignant. This historical article reviews a number of early instances of cutaneous horns, some reported in the 16th and 17th centuries. The ...
Angelo C - - 2001
Becker's nevus (BN) is a unilateral hyperpigmented, often hairy, cutaneous hamartoma, with geographic borders. It is usually localized on the shoulder, anterior chest, scapula, or upper arm, but there have been reports of BN in other areas (eg, lower extremities, face). In most cases, the lesion appears in late childhood ...
Udompaetaikul M - - 2001
Nodular cutaneous amyloidosis is a rare disease that predominantly affects women in their sixth and seventh decades. The genital organ is the rarest cutaneous location with only four reported cases of vulvar involvement. We report the first known case of this entity involving the glan penis. The clinical feature of ...
Tavakkolizadeh A - - 2001
Lymphatic malformations are a type of vascular anomaly. They are uncommon and can present in various ways. Associated hypertrophy of the soft tissue and bone have been described in association with deep lymphatic connections, but late-onset localised fat hypertrophy in the absence of deep connections has not been previously described. ...
Alam F - - 2001
Although lichen planus is a relatively common mucocutaneous disorder in adults, it has only rarely been described in children. Moreover, even less data has been published regarding mucosal lesions in children. Six case reports of childhood oral lichen planus are presented and the available literature reviewed. It is believed that ...
Park J W - - 2001
Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a rare serpiginous cutaneous eruption caused by accidental penetration and migration in the skin with infective larvae of nematode that normally do not have the human as their host. Although CLM has a worldwide distribution, the infection is most frequent in warmer climates. More recently, ...
Wang W J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous amyloidosis (PCA) is not uncommon in Chinese patients. The disease is usually persistent and quite pruritic. Patients who suffer from this disease usually respond poorly to conventional treatment. We thus reviewed our cases of PCA to discuss the clinical and pathological characteristics. METHODS: Seven hundred and ninety-four ...
Rongioletti F - - 2001
Lichen myxedematosus (LM) is an idiopathic cutaneous mucinosis; its classification dates back to 1953, when Montgomery and Underwood distinguished 4 types of LM: a generalized lichenoid eruption, later called scleromyxedema, a discrete papular form, a localized or generalized lichenoid plaque form, and an urticarial plaque form. In the literature, the ...
Hannaford R - - 2001
This is a retrospective review of the case files and clinical photographs of 173 children diagnosed with cutaneous mastocytosis by a dermatologist in an exclusively paediatric practice. Of the 98 males and 75 females, 51% had mastocytomas, 47% had urticaria pigmentosa and three patients had diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis. Of these ...
Sharma R - - 2001
Involvement of the eye and related structures is rarely reported in lichen planus. Only eleven cases with eyelid involvement are reported in the literature. Lesions on the eyelids may be the only manifestation of lichen planus or it may be a part of the disease process present on other parts ...
Manfredi R - - 2001
A rare case report of American leishmaniasis imported to Italy after a prolonged journey in Brazil is described, and discussed according to the recent epidemiologic, diagnostic, and clinical literature evidence. Since a delayed diagnosis and treatment of American leishmaniasis outside endemic areas is common (due to a low clinical suspicion), ...
Kobayashi M - - 2001
A 69-year-old man, a carpenter with idiopathic thrombopenic purpura and interstitial pneumonia, was treated with steroid pulse therapy and antibiotics. On the seventh day of steroid therapy, a conglomeration of papules, vesicles and pustules appeared in an area of the left buttock in contact with his napkin. In a Parker ...
Elston D M - - 2001
Fluorescence of many fungi is noted when H&E stained sections are examined under a fluorescent microscope. In theory, this phenomenon could aid in the diagnosis of cutaneous and disseminated fungal infections without the delay associated with special stains. Seventy-six cases of superficial and deep fungal infections and 3 cases of ...
Stone J H - - 2001
Although the classification of small-and medium-vessel vasculitides involving the skin remains complex and imperfect, a substantial body of knowledge related to cutaneous vasculitis exists. Some components of this knowledge, though beyond the usual purview of rheumatologists, are essential to understanding the vasculitides. The correct interpretation of cutaneous findings combined with ...
Khandpur S - - 2001
A rare association of twenty-nail dystrophy with segmental vitiligo is described in two patients. Vitiligo preceded the nail dystrophy. In both cases, all twenty nails were uniformly affected with the nail plates showing longitudinal striations and loss of luster. Longitudinal nail biopsy revealed a histological picture suggestive of eczematous changes ...
Bogdan C - - 2001
We describe a case of visceral leishmaniasis in a 15-month-old German child. Diagnosis was significantly delayed because the patient had no history of travel to known endemic areas. Congenital or blood transfusion-associated leishmaniasis was ruled out. Possible modes of transmission (including a potential new autochthonous focus of the disease in ...
Abraham S C - - 2000
Involvement of the esophagus by lichen planus is a rarely reported condition. The histologic features of esophageal lichen planus, which may differ from those of cutaneous disease, have only rarely been illustrated. We describe a 58-year-old woman with skin and oral lichen planus who presented with dysphagia and an esophageal ...
Erol B - - 2000
Myiasis is the invasion of living tissue of humans and other mammals by the eggs or larvae of flies of the order of Diptera. It occurs mainly in the tropic, and is associated with inadequate public and personal hygiene. Oral myiasis in humans appears to be rare. This article records ...
Melato M - - 2000
Morphea, lichen planus and vitiligo are common diseases, but seldom associated. Morphea or lichen planus in the lips have not frequently been reported, and an associated localization of both lesions in the lip mucosa is indeed a rare event. A case of morphea and lichen planus localized in the upper ...
Muscardin L M - - 2000
Primary cutaneous plasmacytoma (PCP) is a rare cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. We report a new case of PCP and review data published in the literature. A 55-year-old man presented with 2 erythematous plaques on the upper trunk, showing histologic and immunohistochemical features of PCP. Staging investigations excluded extracutaneous manifestations of the ...
Coker L R - - 2000
We report the case of a 42-year-old man with AIDS and an unusual presentation of disseminated cutaneous cryptococcosis. The eruption was characterized by excoriated papules of the upper body and was initially diagnosed as folliculitis. A pseudofollicular eruption is a rare presentation for disseminated cryptococcosis.
Sassmannshausen J - - 2000
Hamartomas with eccrine differentiation are quite rare. There are 5 accepted classifications: eccrine nevus, eccrine-centered nevus, eccrine angiomatous hamartoma, eccrine syringofibroadenoma, and porokeratotic eccrine ostial and dermal duct nevus. The latter, PEODDN, typically presents as congenital keratotic papules and plaques located on the distal extremities. We report a classic case ...
Bazopoulou-Kyrkanidou E - - 2000
Epidermal nevus syndrome (ENS) is a hamartoneoplastic syndrome characterized by the association of epidermal nevi with abnormalities in other organ systems. We report a 32-year-old woman with ENS that, in addition to cutaneous manifestations, showed red plaques on the maxillary and mandibular labial alveolar mucosa and a papillomatous lesion of ...
Saravanappa N - - 2000
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a benign, normolipaemic, self-healing condition and a type of histiocytosis that occurs most frequently in infants and children. This condition usually presents with solitary or multiple cutaneous lesions and occasionally with visceral lesions. We report a case of juvenile xanthogranuloma occurring in the nasal cavity. We believe ...
Arce F P - - 2000
Metastases of chondrosarcoma to the skin are uncommon. We report a case of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma that manifested as cutaneous metastases and had an outcome of three weeks. A 69-year-old male presented with two cutaneous nodules, one in the chest and other in the inguinal area. The punch biopsy of the ...
Davis-Reed L - - 2000
Cutaneous disease is a previously reported but unusual presentation for schistosomiasis. We report a case of Schistosoma haematobium infection that appeared 3 years after exposure, with skin lesions as the sole manifestation. The diagnosis was made on the basis of a routine skin biopsy and the patient did well after ...
Steijlen P M - - 2000
Sweat testing using a modified version of the method described by Minor was performed in 5 children affected with hypomelanosis of Ito. In 4 cases the areas of hypopigmentation were arranged in patterns following the lines of Blaschko, whereas in one case a phylloid pattern was observed. In 4 cases ...
Goon A T - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: We report an unusual case of a patient with clinical and histological features of cutaneous vasculitis. CASE PICTURE: A middle-aged Chinese male presented with livedo reticularis and digital gangrene without visceral involvement. Skin biopsy showed features suggestive of cutaneous vasculitis. Repeated testing for anticardiolipin antibody was negative. TREATMENT: He ...
Williams G - - 2000
Koebner's phenomenon is an uncommon postburn complication. The following report describes a female child who sustained an 80% total body surface area scald which healed with conservative treatment. She developed a cutaneous Aspergillus infection involving only the previously scalded areas. The uninjured skin remained normal. She went on to develop ...
Katta R - - 2000
Angioma serpiginosum is a rare condition that involves both the proliferation and dilatation of superficial blood vessels in the skin. It classically begins in childhood, is more common in females, and is asymptomatic. Typical lesions appear on the extremities and are often asymmetric. We report a case of angioma serpiginosum ...
Hahn J M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report two cases of cicatrizing conjunctivitis associated with paraneoplastic lichen planus. METHODS: Case reports. RESULTS: Two patients were examined because of redness and discomfort in both eyes. A 63-year-old woman with follicular, small-cleaved cell lymphoma had cicatrizing conjunctivitis, stomatitis, vulvitis, and skin lesions. A 25-year-old man with malignant ...
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