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Provenzano Audrey A Department of Medicine Residency Program, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Accurately and routinely identifying factors contributing to inpatient mortality remains challenging. To describe the development, implementation and performance of a new electronic mortality review method 1 year after implementation. An analysis of data gathered from an electronic instrument that queries front-line providers on their opinions on quality and safety related issues, ...
Kanavakis Georgios G Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
The objective of this article is to review the fabrication and activation procedures of the 'T'-Mesialslider and to present the clinical outcomes in cases where canine substitution is the treatment of choice for missing maxillary lateral incisors. The 'T'-Mesialslider allows for effective mesial translation of the canines and the posterior ...
Vermaak Ilze I Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria, 0001, South - - 2014
Xysmalobium undulatum, commonly known as uzara, is traditionally used as an antidiarrhoeal and to treat stomach cramps, dysmenorrhoea and afterbirth cramps. In addition, it was reportedly used to treat anxiety and other conditions relating to mental health. To unite the botanical aspects, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, biological activity, pharmacokinetic data, toxicity and ...
Bryant Jamie - - 2014
BackgroundTo facilitate translation of evidence into clinical practice, it is critical that clear, specific, and detailed information about interventions is provided in publications to promote replication, appropriate aggregation in meta-analysis, and implementation. This study examined whether twenty elements of interventions deemed essential for such translational application were reported in sufficient ...
Glasziou Paul P PP Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, - - 2014
Paul Glasziou and colleagues discuss methods to guide selection of an intervention from individual trials within a systematic review. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.
Chowdhury Rajib R National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine (NIPSOM), Mohakhali, Dhaka, - - 2014
In 2005, Bangladesh, India, and Nepal joined forces to eliminate Visceral Leishmaniasis (or kala-azar) from the region by 2015. In Bangladesh the elimination target is set at less than one new case per 10,000 population per year at upazila (sub-district) level. As the deadline approaches, we review the status of ...
Munn Zachary Z The Joanna Briggs Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, - - 2014
Recently there has been a significant increase in the number of systematic reviews addressing questions of prevalence. Key features of a systematic review include the creation of an a priori protocol, clear inclusion criteria, a structured and systematic search process, critical appraisal of studies, and a formal process of data ...
Rancea Michaela - - 2014
This sixteenth biannual report of the Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group highlights recently published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the field of hemato-oncology, with special focus on non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The report covers the publication period June 2012 to July 2013. Trials are selected regarding their methodology and implication for clinical practice. ...
Caudwell Michelle - - 2014
Background: The management and treatment of ligamentous injuries within an orthopaedic population has continued to evolve throughout the last several decades. Limitations with autograft, allograft and synthetics have led to research into tissue engineering using scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells Objectives: This systematic review aims to examine and summarize the ...
Rogers G J GJ Division of Ophthalmology, Groote Schuur Hospital, The University of Cape Town Medical School, Cape Town, South - - 2014
PurposeTo present two cases of the rare entity of bilateral superior keratoconus and to review the literature regarding presentation and clinical findings.MethodsCase report based on chart review.ResultsTwo patients presented to our corneal service with clinical and topographical features of superior keratoconus.ConclusionThe unusual clinical and topographical findings of superior keratoconus are ...
Yu Xiao Xi XX Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. - - 2014
A literature review and case presentation are used to discuss the diagnostic value of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in the assessment and management of congenital achromatopsia. A 24-year-old Hispanic man presented to the clinic with a longstanding history of decreased vision and associated possible recent progression. A comprehensive ...
O'Brien James J Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, SMB Campus, PO Box 663, Ballarat, VIC, 3353, Australia, - - 2014
Team ball sports such as soccer, basketball and volleyball have high participation levels worldwide. Musculoskeletal injuries are common in team ball sports and are associated with significant treatment costs, participation loss and long-term negative side effects. The results of recent randomized controlled trials provide support for the protective effect of ...
Ghobrial George M GM Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 909 Walnut St., 3rd floor, Philadelphia 19107, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article reviews the literature regarding tandem asymptomatic cervical stenosis in the setting of symptomatic lumbar stenosis. The presenting features of cervical spondylotic myelopathy are insidious and consistent with upper motor neuron loss. Often, asymptomatic cervical stenosis is encountered in the clinical setting during the workup of a symptomatic lumbar ...
Taylor Stephanie N SN Section of Infectious Diseases, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 517 N. Rampart St., New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA, - - 2014
Cervicitis has been described by some as the female counterpart of urethritis in men. Over the years a number of clinical and microscopy-based definitions have been suggested in the literature. Clinical manifestations include mucopurulent discharge from the cervix, cervical friability (easy bleeding from the cervix with passage of a swab) ...
Chrepa Vanessa V Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Effective root canal disinfection is a fundamental component of successful root canal treatment. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proposed as a new adjunctive method for additional disinfection of the root canal system with the possibility of improved treatment outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect ...
Todd David A - - 2014
The division of tongue-tie (TT) in babies with feeding problems has become a more accepted procedure in recent years (Bowley & Arul 2013). Although case series reports had described the benefits of division in problematic breastfeeding (Ballard, Auer & Khoury et al 2002; Notestine 1990), it was not until randomised ...
Kumar Narendra N Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
The sacrococcygeal area is the most common site of extragonadal teratomas in infants, but is a challenge to make clinical as well as radiological diagnosis in adults. We herein describe two cases of sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) in adult. The clinical, radiological and histopathological characteristics of both the cases with their ...
Bhandari Prasan R PR Department of Pharmacology, S.D.M. College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka, - - 2014
Rituximab is a monoclonal therapeutic anti-CD20 antibody that has been approved for use in lymphoma and rheumatoid arthritis. Over the past decade several reports based on case series and observational studies have recorded the benefits of rituximab in particular groups of dermatological patients. Off-label use of rituximab in many dermatological ...
Vetter Victoria L VL The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The only systematic collection of cardiovascular (CV) deaths in children resides in the database derived from the Case Reporting System of the National Center for the Review and Prevention of Child Deaths (NCRPCD). We describe the process used to develop an analytical data set to inform our understanding of CV ...
Filardo Giuseppe G II Clinic - Biomechanics Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via Di Barbiano, 1/10, 40136, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to document the available clinical evidence to support meniscal scaffold implantation, analysing results and indications for the treatment of meniscal loss. The systematic review of the literature was performed searching three medical electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Collaboration. The guidelines for ...
Piper Rory J RJ College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Chancellor's Building, 49 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4SB, UK; Muir Maxwell Epilepsy Centre, Child Life and Health, School of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, The Royal Hospital for Sick Children, University of Edinburgh, 20 Sylvan Place, Edinburgh EH9 1UW, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Approximately 50-100% of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy undergoing anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR) will suffer a postoperative visual field defect (VFD) due to disruption of the optic radiation (OpR). We conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine the role of DTI and tractography in ATLR and its ...
Pratts Meghan E ME From the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
This work aims to review a novel case of a retained 2-mg estradiol vaginal ring used to treat postmenopausal urogenital atrophy. The ring was found adhered to the posterior fornix by a fibrotic band. This is the first reported case in the medical literature. We describe the case of a ...
Lu Qi Q Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chao-yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Fertility preservation in early-stage cervical cancer by total laparoscopic radical trachelectomy (TLRT) is gaining acceptance as more cases are published in the literature. The objective is to review all the literatures regarding TLRT especially over the last 12 months and to describe the technique, the operative outcomes, the oncologic outcomes ...
Dedemadi Georgia G *Surgical Department of "A. Fleming" General Hospital †Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Athens Medical School ‡2nd Surgical Department and Surgical Oncology Unit of "Korgialenio-Benakio," Red Cross Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
To examine, if case series considered together with observational studies tend to produce similar results as randomized-controlled trials (RCTs), on recurrent hernia repair. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis between 1990 and 2013 revealed 46 nonrandomized studies (NRCTs) and 5 RCTs including 25,730 patients. A direct comparison of the summary ...
O'Connor A M AM Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ames, IA, - - 2014
This article is the fourth of six articles addressing systematic reviews in animal agriculture and veterinary medicine. Previous articles in the series have introduced systematic reviews, discussed study designs and hierarchies of evidence, and provided details on conducting randomized controlled trials, a common design for use in systematic reviews. This ...
Sarinc Ulasli Sevinc S Afyon Kocatepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Afyon, - - 2014
Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TBPOCP) is an uncommon benign condition affecting the lumen of tracheobronchial tree and characterized by abnormal chondrification and ossification. TBPOCP is more frequent than it has been reported, as it can be asymptomatic or present with nonspecific respiratory symptoms. In this article we provide a review of the ...
Li Lun L The First Clinical College of Lanzhou University, No. 199 Donggang West Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China; Evidence-Based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, No. 199 Donggang West Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 501 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L6, Canada; Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8M5, - - 2014
Network meta-analyses (NMAs) aim to rank the benefits (or harms) of interventions, based on all available randomized controlled trials. Thus, the identification of relevant data is critical. We assessed the conduct of the literature searches in NMAs. Published NMAs were retrieved by searching electronic bibliographic databases and other sources. Two ...
Gatt Daniel L DL Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Blackpool Victoria Hospital, University of Central Lancashire, Lancashire, United - - 2014
A systematic review was performed to assess the outcomes and complications of ultrasound-guided barbotage (repeated injection and aspiration) for calcific tendonitis of the shoulder. A literature search of the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases using all relevant keywords found 1,454 original articles. After removal of duplicates and application of inclusion ...
Taylor Peter - - 2014
The tendency to form conclusions based on limited evidence is known as the 'jumping to conclusions' (JTC) bias, and has been a much studied phenomena in individuals' with psychosis. Previous reviews have supported the hypothesis that a JTC bias is particularly linked to the formation and maintenance of delusions. A ...
Conway Margaret Anne MA 1Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Background:Treatment for many children with blood disorders or cancer includes the use of central venous catheters (CVCs). Few prospective studies have been conducted to address flushing guidelines in pediatric hematology oncology patients. Eighteen pediatric hematology oncology units were surveyed regarding current CVC flushing policies and procedures. Results reported extreme variations ...
Wu Huanhuan H Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery Department 2, Plastic Surgery Hospital of Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, PR - - 2014
The clinical characteristics of craniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia (FD) have not been clearly identified. The objective of this meta-analysis is to assess the predominance of the monostotic form of FD using an evidence-based review. Furthermore, we examined the laterality and sex dominance of FD in patients from international study populations. We ...
Farrior Edward E Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of South Florida, 12901 Bruce B. Downs Boulevard, MDC 73, Tampa, FL 33612, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article reviews evaluation and techniques for neck rejuvenation. It includes a detailed overview of cervical rhytidectomy and discusses the potential complications associated with surgical correction. A review of clinical outcomes in the literature is also included.
Sarala N N Department of Pharmacology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Tamaka, Kolar, Karnataka, - - 2014
Dengue is a viral disease that today affects a vast number of people in over 125 countries and is responsible for a sizable number of deaths. In the absence of an effective antiviral drug to treat the disease, various treatments are being investigated. Studies have indicated that the juice of ...
Gopal Kaliappan K Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tissue Engineering Group, National Orthopaedics Center for Excellence in Research and Learning (NOCERAL) & Clinical Investigative Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, - - 2014
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies represent a new option for treating damaged cartilage. However, the outcomes following its clinical application have seldom been previously compared. The present paper presents the systematic review of current literatures on MSC-based therapy for cartilage repair in clinical applications. Ovid, Scopus, PubMed, ISI Web of ...
Aziz Tehnia - - 2014
To perform a systematic review of measurement tools utilized for the diagnosis of nasal septal deviation (NSD). Electronic database searches were performed using MEDLINE (from 1966 to second week of August 2013), EMBASE (from 1966 to second week of August 2013), Web of Science (from 1945 to second week of ...
Piso Brigitte - - 2014
Several factors are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (PTB); therefore, various interventions might have the potential to influence it. Due to the large number of interventions that address PTB, the objective of this overview is to summarise evidence from Cochrane reviews regarding the effects and safety of ...
Chen Xiao X Graduate Administrative Unit, Shanghai Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
To elucidate the methodological reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in three spine journals from 2010 to 2012. In this study, we summarized the methodological report of RCTs in three major spine journals, including the Spine Journal, Spine and the European Spine Journal from 2010 to 2012. The methodological ...
Nielsen Ole Haagen OH Department of Gastroenterology, Medical Section, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen , - - 2014
Aim. While collagenous colitis represents the most common form of the collagenous gastroenteritides, the collagenous entities affecting the proximal part of the gastrointestinal tract are much less recognized and possibly overlooked. The aim was to summarize the latest information through a systematic review of collagenous gastritis, collagenous sprue, and a ...
Sepucha Karen R KR General Medicine Division, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
This review systematically appraises the quality of reporting of measures used in trials to evaluate the effectiveness of patient decision aids (PtDAs) and presents recommendations for minimum reporting standards. We reviewed measures of decision quality and decision process in 86 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the 2011 Cochrane Collaboration systematic ...
Ijaz Sharea S Cochrane OSH Review Group, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 301, 70701 Kuopio, - - 2014
Nonrandomized studies (NRSs) are considered to provide less reliable evidence for intervention effects. However, these are included in Cochrane reviews, despite discouragement. There has been no evaluation of when and how these designs are used. Therefore, we conducted an overview of current practice. We included all Cochrane reviews that considered ...
Tate Robyn L RL a Rehabilitation Studies Unit, Sydney Medical School - Northern , University of Sydney , - - 2014
Published reports describing interventions featuring a single participant are common in neurorehabilitation. Yet, not all such reports use rigorous single-case methodology and there is mounting evidence to suggest that the design, conduct and report of single-case research in the behavioural sciences (including neurorehabilitation) needs improvement. The first part of this ...
O'Brien James J Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, , Ballarat, Victoria, - - 2014
Recently, the use of specific exercise programmes to prevent musculoskeletal injuries in team ball sports has gained considerable attention, and the results of large-scale, randomised controlled trials have supported their efficacy. To enhance the translation of these interventions into widespread use, research trials must be reported in a way that ...
Fleming Padhraig S PS Oral Growth and Development, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Turner St., London E1 2 AD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SRs) published in high- and low-impact factor (IF) Core Clinical Journals. In addition, we aimed to record the implementation of aspects of reporting, including Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) flow diagram, reasons for study exclusion, and use of ...
Molinar Vanessa E VE Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 5001 El Paso Dr, El Paso, TX 79905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Facial hyperpigmentation is common and challenging to treat in darker-skinned populations. A Medline literature search of articles published up to October 2013 reporting the objective assessment of and/or treatment for melasma, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, dermatosis papulosa nigra, lichen planus pigmentosus, and erythema dyschromicum perstans was reviewed. Objective assessment was only reported ...
Lo Carson Ka-Lok - - 2014
Lack of appropriate reporting of methodological details has previously been shown to distort risk of bias assessments in randomized controlled trials. The same might be true for observational studies. The goal of this study was to compare the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) assessment for risk of bias between reviewers and authors ...
Khalifa Refaat - - 2014
Capillaria philippinensis is a mysterious parasite and intestinal capillariasis is a mysterious disease. It is now more than half a century since the discovery of the first case in Philippines without answering many questions concerning the parasite's taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, diagnosis, pathology, clinical symptoms, mode of transmission as well ...
Kazlouskaya Viktoryia V Ackerman Academy of Dermatopathology, New York, NY, - - 2014
Tufted hemangiomas are relatively rare benign vascular proliferations that are congenital or appear during the first years of life. Herein we present an additional case of tufted hemangioma that appeared one year after birth and discuss its histopathological criteria and differential diagnosis with malignant vascular proliferations including sarcoma Kaposi, angiosarcoma ...
Rizvi Asad A - - 2014
The case of a 44-year-old female with multiple embolic cerebellar infarcts associated with a "high risk" patent foramen ovale (PFO) is presented. This article reviews current management of PFO in association with cryptogenic stroke in light of the results of three recent randomized controlled trials and two meta-analyses of observational ...
Vrablik Michael E ME Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
The diagnostic accuracy of emergency department (ED) ocular ultrasonography may be sufficient for diagnosing retinal detachment. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ED ocular ultrasonography for the diagnosis of retinal detachment. This review conformed to the recommendations from the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology ...
Conde-Taboada A A Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systematic reviews -the most comprehensive type of literature review-should be taken into account before a clinical trial or a narrative review on a topic is undertaken. The objective of this study was to describe the use of systematic reviews in clinical trials and narrative reviews in dermatology. This was a ...
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