Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 980
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Rahman N - - 2010
The formation of renal calculi secondary to enteric hyperoxaluria is rare in the paediatric population. We present the case of an 8-year-old boy who had short bowel syndrome resulting in enteric hyperoxaluria which led to the development of urolithiasis and bilateral ureteric strictures, both of which resolved with medical management. ...
Bosman T T Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Centre; Leiden, The Netherlands - - - 2009
Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a rare acquired syndrome consisting of progressive hemiatrophy of the face.We present a child with PRS and progressive neurological deficit caused by a giant intracranial aneurysm and reviewed the literature concerning all intracranial abnormalities in patients with PRS.A literature search identified 27 articles reporting on 88 ...
Nowak L A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Dementia in retired boxers, also referred to as "dementia pugilistica" (DP), is usually attributed to repeated concussive and subconcussive blows to the head. We report the case of a former world boxing champion whose progressive cognitive decline could be ascribed to DP, cerebral infarcts and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. This case ...
Halpern James - - 2009
We report on an 18-month-old boy with a typical presentation of Sweet syndrome following an upper respiratory tract illness. No evidence of hematologic malignancy was found and he was successfully treated with oral prednisolone. A comprehensive literature review has summarized the features of pediatric Sweet syndrome from 66 reported cases. ...
Baban Anwar - - 2009
Poland syndrome (PS) has been described as unilateral pectoral muscle deficiency variably associated with ipsilateral thoracic and upper limb anomalies. Bilateral hypoplasia/aplasia of the pectoralis muscle and upper limb defects in association with variable thoracic muscles, chest wall deformities and lower limb defects have been infrequently reported in the literature. ...
Wilbrink Leopoldine A - - 2009
Trigeminal autonomic cephalgias (TACs) are characterized by frequent, short-lasting headache attacks with ipsilateral facial autonomic features. They include cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing. The pathogenesis of TACs is largely unknown, but many case reports in the literature suggest that TACs ...
Kim Seong-Kyu - - 2009
Polyfibromatosis syndrome is a rare disease entity that is characterized by various clinical features such as palmar, plantar, and penile fibromatoses, keloid formations of the skin, and erosive arthropathy. Its precise pathophysiology or etiology remains unclear. In addition to distinctive diverse skin manifestations, patients with polyfibromatosis have been previously reported ...
Edelman David A - - 2010
The very unusual association between herpes zoster and Ogilvie syndrome has received scant attention in the published literature. This review discusses the published experience since 1950 and attempts to increase clinical awareness about the co-existence of both conditions. An 84-year-old male patient affected by herpes zoster presented with advanced acute ...
Obidike E O - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Nephrotic syndrome is a chronic renal disease that can lead to end stage renal disease. There are different histological types with global variations in frequency. Literatures reviewed showed that the African variant is less likely to be minimal change variant. No clear treatment protocol for it has been most ...
Roganović Jelena - - 2009
The case of a 2-month-old female infant with PHACES syndrome is reported. PHACES represents a broad spectrum of congenital anomalies, including the following primary features: posterior fossa brain malformations, large facial hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac defects and aortic coarctation, eye abnormalities, and ventral developmental defects. The literature on this rare ...
Corradi Domenico - - 2009
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare small- or intermediate-vessel necrotizing vasculitis typically characterized by asthma, lung infiltrates, necrotizing granulomas, and hypereosinophilia. In this report, we describe the case of a 35-year-old woman who, during her third trimester of pregnancy, developed dyspnea and, after delivery, severe cardiac failure which required heart ...
Ovadia S - - 2009
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by diffuse eosinophilic infiltration and necrotizing vasculitis. There are typical manifestations of longstanding rhinosinusitis and polyposis but otological manifestations are rare and characterized by dense aural discharge, granulomatous eosinophilic infiltrate in the mastoid and middle ear with conductive hearing loss, ...
Adelowo O O - - 2009
Five cases of secondary anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) are presented and literature reviewed. Pregnancy loss was the most common presentation but neurologic manifestations are also seen. IgG ACA was more commonly seen than IgM ACA. Although APS has been infrequently reported in black Africans, an awareness of this condition is needed ...
Musio Daniela - - 2009
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are two of the most severe, rare, and life-threatening adverse reactions to medications. Their incidence is approximately two patients per million population per year. Several cases have been reported in the literature in which SJS and TEN have occurred in patients with ...
Luria Rebecca B - - 2009
Atrophoderma vermiculatum (AV) is a rare follicular disorder primarily affecting children with reticular or honeycomb atrophy of the cheeks and forehead. Along with keratosis pilaris atrophicans faciei (KPAF) and keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans (KFSD), AV falls within the broader spectrum of keratosis pilaris atrophicans (KPA). Although these 3 variants of ...
Colina M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) pamidronate in patients with SAPHO syndrome refractory to first line treatments and to review the available literature on pamidronate for this indication. METHODS: We report 14 cases of SAPHO syndrome refractory to non-steroideal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), glucocorticoids and disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs ...
Hazey Matthew A - - 2009
Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG), which presents clinically as persistent lip swelling, is characterized histologically by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation of unknown origin. CG may also be part of the classic triad of the Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) and alone is considered by some to be an oligosymptomatic form of MRS. We report a ...
Mahawish Karim - - 2009
Cerebral infarction is a rare but recognised complication of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. With traditional therapies including antiplatelets precluded in such patients and little guidance in the literature, the optimal treatment strategy is unknown. This report describes a case of ischaemic stroke in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and deteriorating ...
Pliakos Christos - - 2009
In this case report we describe a rare case of right atrium myxoma that coexisted with antiphospholipid syndrome in a young woman. We describe the unusual findings and diagnostic challenges combined with a review of the literature.
Dueñas-Arias Jesus E JE Departamento de Genética, Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. - - 2009
Macrocephaly-capillary malformation syndrome is characterized by cutaneous vascular lesions, including cutis marmorata telangiectatica and hemangiomas, associated with congenital anomalies, including macrocephaly, macrosomia, asymmetry and mental retardation. In addition to these cardinal signs, several other clinical conditions have been reported in people with this condition. However, to the best of our ...
Michel Guillaume - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report a patient with chronic Sweet syndrome (SS) treated by anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) therapy, who presented with a severe bilateral chemosis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Conjunctival biopsy revealed an ocular localization of SS. CONCLUSIONS: SS is a rare disorder that usually affects middle-age women. It is characterized ...
Joaquim Andrei F - - 2008
The authors report a case of man-in-the-barrel (MIB) syndrome occurring after an extensive revision involving thoracoilium instrumentation and fusion for iatrogenic and degenerative scoliosis, progressive kyphosis, and sagittal imbalance. Isolated brachial diplegia is a rare neurological finding often attributed to cerebral ischemia. It has not been previously reported in patients ...
Clark Marissa Tubridy - - 2008
We report on a case of Cobb syndrome, a rare metameric disorder, characterized by a vascular abnormality of the spinal cord, with an associated vascular skin lesion of the same metamere, in an 8-year-old girl presenting with leg weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a spinal arteriovenous malformation at the level ...
Porto Fábio H G - - 2009
In this article, we report the case history of a 44-year-old female patient with bipolar disorder who developed the so-called Syndrome of Irreversible Lithium-Effectuated Neurotoxicity (SILENT). A detailed description of our patient's neurologic status is provided at baseline (i.e. during lithium intoxication) and after one year of follow-up, confirming the ...
Gitelman Alex - - 2008
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare syndrome that has been described as a complex of symptoms and signs--low back pain, unilateral or bilateral sciatica, motor weakness of lower extremities, sensory disturbance in saddle area, and loss of visceral function--resulting from compression of the cauda equina. CES occurs in approximately ...
Florescu Diana - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Infections caused by Leuconostoc species are rare with most reported cases occurring in immunocompromised patients. This article presents 6 new cases of pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome who developed Leuconostoc bacteremia, and compares these cases with those previously reported in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a ...
Castonguay Mathieu - - 2008
A case of a 54-year-old man who developed superior vena cava syndrome secondary to vascular fibrosis, 30 months after radical chemoradiation for stage III non-small cell lung cancer, is presented. The literature regarding the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of this rare entity is discussed.
Kumar Sanjay - - 2008
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by transient mid- and apical ventricular dysfunction disguising as acute coronary syndrome but carries a good prognosis. Though spontaneous resolution is common, clinical manifestations may last weeks. We describe a case of quick resolution of left ventricular dysfunction and clinical symptom. We also reviewed the literature ...
Kim Esther - - 2008
Eagle syndrome, which is an uncommon sequela of elongation of the styloid process, can manifest as pain in the anterolateral neck, often with referred pain to the ear. In most cases, the elongation is an acquired condition, often occurring as a result of a traumatic incident, including tonsillectomy. We describe ...
Day Luke T - - 2008
The serotonin syndrome is a rare toxicological emergency increasingly seen in emergency practice, secondary to increased use of proserotinergic drugs. In this case report, the condition is described in a patient taking the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Lexapro and the muscle-relaxant Flexeril. Based on this case, Cyclobenzaprine should be considered ...
Bech Cecilia - - 2008
Paraneoplastic syndromes have only been reported in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in a few cases. In this case, we describe a 57-year-old man with MPM who developed sensory-motor polyneuropathy 18 days after diagnosis. Thorough endocrinological, neurological, and paraclinical examinations gave no explanation of the symptoms, and paraneoplasia was therefore suspected. ...
Liu Theodore - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Stiff skin syndrome is a sclerodermalike disorder that presents in infancy or early childhood with rock-hard skin, limited joint mobility, and mild hypertrichosis in the absence of visceral or muscle involvement, immunologic abnormalities, or vascular hyperreactivity. OBSERVATIONS: We describe 6 children who fit criteria for stiff skin syndrome. A ...
Gutiérrez-Ramos R - - 2008
An overlap syndrome of dermatomyositis and scleroderma is reported. The case corresponded to a 27-year-old female with a clinical picture of 14 months evolution, characterized by proximal muscles weakness, erythematous rash in wrists, knees, ankles, Gottron sign, heliotrope periorbital rash and dysphagia. A muscle biopsy was compatible with dermatomyositis; meanwhile ...
Aspesberro François - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report, to the best of our knowledge, the youngest patient with Lemierre syndrome. DESIGN: Descriptive case report with review of the pediatric literature. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary referral hospital. DATA SOURCE: Systemic review of the literature, including PubMed (English-only journals) and major textbooks. PATIENT: ...
Pratap J N - - 2008
We report a case of a young woman presenting with profound depression of consciousness and intra-uterine death in the late stages of an unbooked pregnancy. She proceeded to develop features of cardiovascular, renal, hepatic and haematological failures. The patient was challenging to manage in view of uncertainty regarding the underlying ...
Gidoni Yariv S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a new fertility alternative for women with Turner syndrome, who are rendered infertile, by having their mothers freeze their own oocytes for the purpose of donating to their daughters when they are adults. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old healthy mother of three ...
Vaccarella F - - 2008
Pai syndrome is a rare form of frontonasal dysplasia, first described in 1987. It is a triad consisting of midline cleft of the upper lip, facial skin polyps and central nervous system lipomas. Only 14 cases have been reported in the literature. The authors describe the clinical features, diagnostic workup ...
Babu Rajesh V - - 2008
Chlorine inhalation can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The most common clinical ramification is mucosal irritation. Rarely, depending upon the degree of exposure, patients can develop acute respiratory distress syndrome. Management is usually supportive with an unproven role for inhaled or systemic corticosteroids. A case of a young woman ...
Clemente Alberto - - 2008
Persistent müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare form of male pseudohermaphroditism. Two anatomic forms are described in this syndrome, the male and the female one; the second one is usually associated with bilateral cryptorchidism. About 150 cases are reported in literature; most of them are focused on anatomical, genetic, ...
Aquino Renata Telles Rudge de - - 2008
DRESS syndrome (Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) is a type of drug reaction commonly mistaken for a viral infection. It must be recognized promptly due to its high morbidity and 10% mortality rate. Few cases of DRESS syndrome induced by sulfasalazine have been reported in the literature. The ...
Croarkin Paul E - - 2008
To retrospectively examine published cases of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) in patients aged 18 and below who had been treated with atypical antipsychotics (clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, and aripiprazole). Information was collected via MEDLINE searches in February 2006 and May 2007. The term neuroleptic malignant syndrome was used and ...
Chakravarti A - - 2008
Lipoma of deep lobe of parotid gland is a rare clinical entity. Less than 10 cases have been reported in the literature in our knowledge. Because of their rarity, they are not often considered in the differential diagnosis of parotid tumors. A case of 45-year-old man with an unusually large ...
Shirzad Nooshin - - 2008
We present the clinical, laboratory, radiological and pathological findings in the case and review the literature. Our patient, a 37-year-old woman of short stature, was referred because of musculoskeletal pain. After primary evaluation, she underwent treatment with calcium and vitamin D supplement with the diagnosis of osteomalacia in Turner's syndrome. ...
Votion Dominique-M - - 2008
Atypical myopathy (AM) is an acute rhabdomyolysis syndrome that occurs at irregular intervals in grazing equines. An increasing number of outbreaks have been reported in recent years, including some from countries where the disease has not previously been diagnosed. In this review, clinical and other details of outbreaks of AM ...
Fonseca Renata - - 2008
Beare-Stevenson syndrome is characterized by cutis gyrata, acanthosis nigricans, skin furrows, skin tags, craniosynostosis, Crouzonoid-like features in some cases and cloverleaf skull in others, anogenital anomalies, and prominent umbilical stump. Reported causes are an FGFR2 Tyr375Cys mutation in nine cases and an FGFR2 Ser372Cys mutation in one case. Here, we ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2008
A variety of swellings located on or near the gums is clinically included under the heading of epulis. There are various types of epulis. In today's era of super specialization gum swellings more commonly present to the dental surgeon than to the practicing otolaryngologist. We present an interesting case of ...
Gupta Samir K - - 2008
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a commonly used HIV antiretroviral. A relatively uncommon adverse effect of this drug is Fanconi syndrome. What is known about this toxicity, especially in regards to concomitant medication use and outcomes, is limited to isolated case reports and small case series. Therefore, a retrospective review ...
Thakar C - - 2008
Spontaneous pneumothoraces are a common thoracic problem presenting to an Accident and Emergency (A&E) department. The symptoms and signs are well described and a chest x-ray examination is usually diagnostic. However the neurological signs, specifically a Horner's syndrome on the ipsilateral side, are not widely recognised. This case illustrates the ...
Lemke Denise M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome is a reversible neuromyocardial failure that has been thought to be related to an acute catecholamine toxicity of the myocardium brought upon by a stressful event. The neurocritical care unit population is particularly vulnerable for this condition given the acute presentation of neurological emergencies, which most often ...
Kale A - - 2008
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, a rare inborn error of metabolism, is characterized by mental retardation and self-destructive behavior resulting in self-mutilation through biting and scratching. It is a rare anomaly consisting of deficiency in the production of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase that leads to the overproduction of purine and accumulation of uric acid. No ...
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