Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 966
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Musio Daniela - - 2009
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are two of the most severe, rare, and life-threatening adverse reactions to medications. Their incidence is approximately two patients per million population per year. Several cases have been reported in the literature in which SJS and TEN have occurred in patients with ...
Luria Rebecca B - - 2009
Atrophoderma vermiculatum (AV) is a rare follicular disorder primarily affecting children with reticular or honeycomb atrophy of the cheeks and forehead. Along with keratosis pilaris atrophicans faciei (KPAF) and keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans (KFSD), AV falls within the broader spectrum of keratosis pilaris atrophicans (KPA). Although these 3 variants of ...
Colina M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) pamidronate in patients with SAPHO syndrome refractory to first line treatments and to review the available literature on pamidronate for this indication. METHODS: We report 14 cases of SAPHO syndrome refractory to non-steroideal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), glucocorticoids and disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs ...
Hazey Matthew A - - 2009
Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG), which presents clinically as persistent lip swelling, is characterized histologically by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation of unknown origin. CG may also be part of the classic triad of the Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) and alone is considered by some to be an oligosymptomatic form of MRS. We report a ...
Mahawish Karim - - 2009
Cerebral infarction is a rare but recognised complication of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. With traditional therapies including antiplatelets precluded in such patients and little guidance in the literature, the optimal treatment strategy is unknown. This report describes a case of ischaemic stroke in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and deteriorating ...
Pliakos Christos - - 2009
In this case report we describe a rare case of right atrium myxoma that coexisted with antiphospholipid syndrome in a young woman. We describe the unusual findings and diagnostic challenges combined with a review of the literature.
Dueñas-Arias Jesus E JE Departamento de Genética, Hospital Pediátrico de Sinaloa, Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. - - 2009
Macrocephaly-capillary malformation syndrome is characterized by cutaneous vascular lesions, including cutis marmorata telangiectatica and hemangiomas, associated with congenital anomalies, including macrocephaly, macrosomia, asymmetry and mental retardation. In addition to these cardinal signs, several other clinical conditions have been reported in people with this condition. However, to the best of our ...
Michel Guillaume - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report a patient with chronic Sweet syndrome (SS) treated by anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) therapy, who presented with a severe bilateral chemosis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Conjunctival biopsy revealed an ocular localization of SS. CONCLUSIONS: SS is a rare disorder that usually affects middle-age women. It is characterized ...
Joaquim Andrei F - - 2008
The authors report a case of man-in-the-barrel (MIB) syndrome occurring after an extensive revision involving thoracoilium instrumentation and fusion for iatrogenic and degenerative scoliosis, progressive kyphosis, and sagittal imbalance. Isolated brachial diplegia is a rare neurological finding often attributed to cerebral ischemia. It has not been previously reported in patients ...
Clark Marissa Tubridy - - 2008
We report on a case of Cobb syndrome, a rare metameric disorder, characterized by a vascular abnormality of the spinal cord, with an associated vascular skin lesion of the same metamere, in an 8-year-old girl presenting with leg weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a spinal arteriovenous malformation at the level ...
Porto Fábio H G - - 2009
In this article, we report the case history of a 44-year-old female patient with bipolar disorder who developed the so-called Syndrome of Irreversible Lithium-Effectuated Neurotoxicity (SILENT). A detailed description of our patient's neurologic status is provided at baseline (i.e. during lithium intoxication) and after one year of follow-up, confirming the ...
Gitelman Alex - - 2008
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare syndrome that has been described as a complex of symptoms and signs--low back pain, unilateral or bilateral sciatica, motor weakness of lower extremities, sensory disturbance in saddle area, and loss of visceral function--resulting from compression of the cauda equina. CES occurs in approximately ...
Florescu Diana - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Infections caused by Leuconostoc species are rare with most reported cases occurring in immunocompromised patients. This article presents 6 new cases of pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome who developed Leuconostoc bacteremia, and compares these cases with those previously reported in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a ...
Castonguay Mathieu - - 2008
A case of a 54-year-old man who developed superior vena cava syndrome secondary to vascular fibrosis, 30 months after radical chemoradiation for stage III non-small cell lung cancer, is presented. The literature regarding the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of this rare entity is discussed.
Kumar Sanjay - - 2008
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by transient mid- and apical ventricular dysfunction disguising as acute coronary syndrome but carries a good prognosis. Though spontaneous resolution is common, clinical manifestations may last weeks. We describe a case of quick resolution of left ventricular dysfunction and clinical symptom. We also reviewed the literature ...
Kim Esther - - 2008
Eagle syndrome, which is an uncommon sequela of elongation of the styloid process, can manifest as pain in the anterolateral neck, often with referred pain to the ear. In most cases, the elongation is an acquired condition, often occurring as a result of a traumatic incident, including tonsillectomy. We describe ...
Day Luke T - - 2008
The serotonin syndrome is a rare toxicological emergency increasingly seen in emergency practice, secondary to increased use of proserotinergic drugs. In this case report, the condition is described in a patient taking the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Lexapro and the muscle-relaxant Flexeril. Based on this case, Cyclobenzaprine should be considered ...
Bech Cecilia - - 2008
Paraneoplastic syndromes have only been reported in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in a few cases. In this case, we describe a 57-year-old man with MPM who developed sensory-motor polyneuropathy 18 days after diagnosis. Thorough endocrinological, neurological, and paraclinical examinations gave no explanation of the symptoms, and paraneoplasia was therefore suspected. ...
Liu Theodore - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Stiff skin syndrome is a sclerodermalike disorder that presents in infancy or early childhood with rock-hard skin, limited joint mobility, and mild hypertrichosis in the absence of visceral or muscle involvement, immunologic abnormalities, or vascular hyperreactivity. OBSERVATIONS: We describe 6 children who fit criteria for stiff skin syndrome. A ...
Gutiérrez-Ramos R - - 2008
An overlap syndrome of dermatomyositis and scleroderma is reported. The case corresponded to a 27-year-old female with a clinical picture of 14 months evolution, characterized by proximal muscles weakness, erythematous rash in wrists, knees, ankles, Gottron sign, heliotrope periorbital rash and dysphagia. A muscle biopsy was compatible with dermatomyositis; meanwhile ...
Aspesberro François - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report, to the best of our knowledge, the youngest patient with Lemierre syndrome. DESIGN: Descriptive case report with review of the pediatric literature. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary referral hospital. DATA SOURCE: Systemic review of the literature, including PubMed (English-only journals) and major textbooks. PATIENT: ...
Pratap J N - - 2008
We report a case of a young woman presenting with profound depression of consciousness and intra-uterine death in the late stages of an unbooked pregnancy. She proceeded to develop features of cardiovascular, renal, hepatic and haematological failures. The patient was challenging to manage in view of uncertainty regarding the underlying ...
Gidoni Yariv S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a new fertility alternative for women with Turner syndrome, who are rendered infertile, by having their mothers freeze their own oocytes for the purpose of donating to their daughters when they are adults. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old healthy mother of three ...
Vaccarella F - - 2008
Pai syndrome is a rare form of frontonasal dysplasia, first described in 1987. It is a triad consisting of midline cleft of the upper lip, facial skin polyps and central nervous system lipomas. Only 14 cases have been reported in the literature. The authors describe the clinical features, diagnostic workup ...
Babu Rajesh V - - 2008
Chlorine inhalation can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The most common clinical ramification is mucosal irritation. Rarely, depending upon the degree of exposure, patients can develop acute respiratory distress syndrome. Management is usually supportive with an unproven role for inhaled or systemic corticosteroids. A case of a young woman ...
Clemente Alberto - - 2008
Persistent müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare form of male pseudohermaphroditism. Two anatomic forms are described in this syndrome, the male and the female one; the second one is usually associated with bilateral cryptorchidism. About 150 cases are reported in literature; most of them are focused on anatomical, genetic, ...
Aquino Renata Telles Rudge de - - 2008
DRESS syndrome (Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) is a type of drug reaction commonly mistaken for a viral infection. It must be recognized promptly due to its high morbidity and 10% mortality rate. Few cases of DRESS syndrome induced by sulfasalazine have been reported in the literature. The ...
Croarkin Paul E - - 2008
To retrospectively examine published cases of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) in patients aged 18 and below who had been treated with atypical antipsychotics (clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, and aripiprazole). Information was collected via MEDLINE searches in February 2006 and May 2007. The term neuroleptic malignant syndrome was used and ...
Chakravarti A - - 2008
Lipoma of deep lobe of parotid gland is a rare clinical entity. Less than 10 cases have been reported in the literature in our knowledge. Because of their rarity, they are not often considered in the differential diagnosis of parotid tumors. A case of 45-year-old man with an unusually large ...
Shirzad Nooshin - - 2008
We present the clinical, laboratory, radiological and pathological findings in the case and review the literature. Our patient, a 37-year-old woman of short stature, was referred because of musculoskeletal pain. After primary evaluation, she underwent treatment with calcium and vitamin D supplement with the diagnosis of osteomalacia in Turner's syndrome. ...
Votion Dominique-M - - 2008
Atypical myopathy (AM) is an acute rhabdomyolysis syndrome that occurs at irregular intervals in grazing equines. An increasing number of outbreaks have been reported in recent years, including some from countries where the disease has not previously been diagnosed. In this review, clinical and other details of outbreaks of AM ...
Fonseca Renata - - 2008
Beare-Stevenson syndrome is characterized by cutis gyrata, acanthosis nigricans, skin furrows, skin tags, craniosynostosis, Crouzonoid-like features in some cases and cloverleaf skull in others, anogenital anomalies, and prominent umbilical stump. Reported causes are an FGFR2 Tyr375Cys mutation in nine cases and an FGFR2 Ser372Cys mutation in one case. Here, we ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2008
A variety of swellings located on or near the gums is clinically included under the heading of epulis. There are various types of epulis. In today's era of super specialization gum swellings more commonly present to the dental surgeon than to the practicing otolaryngologist. We present an interesting case of ...
Gupta Samir K - - 2008
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a commonly used HIV antiretroviral. A relatively uncommon adverse effect of this drug is Fanconi syndrome. What is known about this toxicity, especially in regards to concomitant medication use and outcomes, is limited to isolated case reports and small case series. Therefore, a retrospective review ...
Thakar C - - 2008
Spontaneous pneumothoraces are a common thoracic problem presenting to an Accident and Emergency (A&E) department. The symptoms and signs are well described and a chest x-ray examination is usually diagnostic. However the neurological signs, specifically a Horner's syndrome on the ipsilateral side, are not widely recognised. This case illustrates the ...
Lemke Denise M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome is a reversible neuromyocardial failure that has been thought to be related to an acute catecholamine toxicity of the myocardium brought upon by a stressful event. The neurocritical care unit population is particularly vulnerable for this condition given the acute presentation of neurological emergencies, which most often ...
Kale A - - 2008
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, a rare inborn error of metabolism, is characterized by mental retardation and self-destructive behavior resulting in self-mutilation through biting and scratching. It is a rare anomaly consisting of deficiency in the production of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase that leads to the overproduction of purine and accumulation of uric acid. No ...
Lorenz Raymond A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the results from a retrospective chart review looking at the combination of linezolid and serotonergic antidepressants and to report two cases of serotonin syndrome which were identified at our hospital. Case SUMMARY: During the retrospective chart review one case of serotonin syndrome was identified. A 65-year-old female ...
Shprecher David R - - 2008
Delayed hypoxic leukoencephalopathy is an underrecognized syndrome of delayed demyelination, which is important to consider when delayed onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms follows a hypoxic event. The authors describe clinical and diagnostic features of three such cases, review the pathophysiology of delayed hypoxic leukoencephalopathy, and discuss features which may help distinguish ...
Ortega Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ade - - 2008
Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by dysmorphic facial features in association with short stature and heart disease. A webbed neck, chest deformities, mental retardation, and bleeding disorders are also frequently associated with this pathology. NS is relatively common, with an estimated incidence of 1 per 1,000 ...
Lonardo Fortunato - - 2007
Al-Awadi/Raas-Rothschild syndrome, an autosomal recessive disorder, is characterized by severe malformations of the upper and lower limbs, and a hypoplastic pelvis. We describe two new cases with the typical manifestations, report some new findings, review the relevant literature, and present minimal criteria for the diagnosis. A single homozygous WNT7A mutation ...
Dintaman J - - 2007
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is a rare disorder in children and is most often associated with a central venous catheter (CVC), cancer, or an underlying thrombophilia. In adults, repetitive or strenuous upper extremity activity has been linked to mechanical compression of the thoracic outlet resulting in subclavian vein ...
Rajan K V - - 2007
We report a case of a giant frontoethmoidal mucocele extending to the orbit and anterior cranial fossa. Clinically, the patient had an insidious onset of clinical presentation with no intracranial symptoms. We present its CT, MRI and histpathological features with a brief review of literature. Various surgical approaches are also ...
Bashir, A H; ;
A female patient, 14 years old, student, is suffering from thickness, fissuring and dryness of palmoplantar skin since 6 months old and external aspects of forearms, legs and centre of face since the last year. The case is diagnosed professionally as: Symmetrical Progressive Erythrokeratoderma- Gottron's syndrome, and confirmed histopathologically, considered ...
Namnyak M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: 'Stockholm syndrome' is a term used to describe the positive bond some kidnap victims develop with their captor. High-profile cases are reported by the media although the diagnosis is not described in any international classification system. Here we review the evidence base on 'Stockholm syndrome'. METHOD: Databases (PubMED, EMBASE, ...
Huang Yen-Chu - - 2008
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is identified as the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) in patients with vascular thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity (including fetal death, premature birth and habitual abortion). Neurological manifestations in patients with APS are common, whereas movement disorders are rarely seen. We report an extremely rare case of APS ...
Barker L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report the first case of tongue base myolipoma associated with Gorlin's syndrome. METHOD: Case report and review of world literature. RESULTS: A 39-year-old man with known Gorlin's syndrome presented with progressive dysphagia. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging scan and biopsy confirmed the rare diagnosis of myolipoma arising from the ...
Klement Vladislav - - 2007
Cogan's syndrome is a rare autoimmune disorder connecting ophthalmologic and audiovestibular signs. A case of a young patient is reported, describing the evolution of her illness, and diagnostic and therapeutic measures performed. Response to treatment, including glucocorticoid therapy and hyperbaric oxygenation, is discussed. A synoptic review of knowledge of this ...
Rodrigues Guilherme Gustavo Riccioppo - - 2007
SUNCT is one of the rarest and least known primary headache disorders. Although its pathogenesis has been partially understood by functional neuroimaging and reports of secondary cases, there is limited understanding of its cause. We report a case of SUNCT in a 54-years-old man, that could not be strictly classified ...
Pahuriray Lourdes S - - 2007
PURPOSE: To provide nurse practitioners (NPs) with a case study and literature review of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). This rare liver disease has a multitude of clinical presentations that NPs may encounter in the primary care setting. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was conducted in Pub-Med and CINAHL using key search ...
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