Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 975
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Gundannavar Gayatri - - 2013
This case report presents two female patients whose chief complaint was discoloration of teeth. On careful clinical examination it was found that the patients had features of amelogenesis imperfecta and localised aggressive periodontitis. This article will give an insight of clinical and radiographic features of amelogenesis imperfecta with localised aggressive ...
Karim B F A - - 2013
Objectives. The aim of the present paper was to review the published literature in order to identify all relevant studies for inclusion and to determine whether there was any evidence of the efficacy of strontium and potassium toothpastes in the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity (DH). Methods. Following a review of ...
Samaan Zainab - - 2013
Reporting guidelines have been available for the past 17 years since the inception of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials statement in 1996. These guidelines were developed to improve the quality of reporting of studies in medical literature. Despite the widespread availability of these guidelines, the quality of reporting of ...
McCall Marcy C - - 2013
Objectives. Overview the quality, direction, and characteristics of yoga interventions for treatment of acute and chronic health conditions in adult populations. Methods. We searched for systematic reviews in 10 online databases, bibliographic references, and hand-searches in yoga-related journals. Included reviews satisfy Oxman criteria and specify yoga as a primary intervention ...
Masoodi Ibrahim - - 2013
We describe diffuse colonic calcification detected on CT scan of the abdomen in a young female patient who presented to our clinic with vague intermittent abdominal pain of four weeks duration. Her investigative profile was normal and her colonoscopy did not reveal any mucosal changes. Colonic calcification has been known ...
Wells Cherie - - 2013
Systematic reviews provide clinical practice recommendations that are based on evaluation of primary evidence. When systematic reviews with the same aims have different conclusions, it is difficult to ascertain which review reported the most credible and robust findings. This study examined five systematic reviews that have investigated the effectiveness of ...
Wang Xiangdong - - 2013
The editors of Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 2 (2012).
Foote Christopher - - 2013
The editors of BMC Clinical Pathology would like to thank all of the reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 12 (2012).
Mahlknecht Ulrich - - 2013
The editors of Clinical Epigenetics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 4 (2012).
Franconi Giovanna - - 2013
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common side effect that can be very disabling and can limit or delay the dose of chemotherapy that can be administered. Acupuncture may be effective for treating peripheral neuropathy. The aim of this study was to review the available literature on the use of ...
Vasconcelos Carvalho Marianne - - 2013
Ectodermal dysplasias are a large group of syndromes characterized by anomalies in the structures of ectodermal origin. There are 2 major types of this disorder, based on clinical findings: hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia and hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. This clinical classification is very important because clinical professionals involved with this disease need ...
Hatamkhani Shima - - 2013
Purpose. The precise role of carnitine as the key regulator of lipid metabolism in sepsis is unclear. In this review, available experimental as well as clinical evidences regarding the probable beneficial effects of carnitine in sepsis were evaluated. Method. A comprehensive literature search was performed in the related medical databases. ...
Hagiyama Y - - 2013
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare sarcoma that characteristically occurs in children. The current treatment protocols are based on trials performed in patients under 21 years of age. Embryonal RMS in women over 20 years of age is rare, and studies on treatments and outcomes are limited. The authors here ...
Dwan Kerry K Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2013
Outcome reporting bias (ORB) in randomised trials has been identified as a threat to the validity of systematic reviews. Previous work highlighting this problem is limited to considering a single primary review outcome. The aim of this study was to assess ORB across all efficacy outcomes in the Cochrane systematic ...
Hodkinson Alex A Department of Biostatistics, MRC North West Hub for Trials Methodology Research, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2013
To determine the standard of reporting of harms-related data, in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) according to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement extension for harms. Systematic review. The Cochrane library, Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched for relevant literature. We included publications of studies ...
Agha Riaz A RA Department of Plastic Surgery, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, Bucks, - - 2013
There is growing interest in the potential use of autologous fat grafting (AFG) for the purposes of breast reconstruction. However, concerns have been raised regarding the technique's clinical effectiveness, safety and interference with screening mammography. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the oncological, clinical, aesthetic and functional, ...
Matt Vassar V Office of Educational Development, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, OK, - - 2013
In this paper, we review and discuss ten common methodological mistakes found in retrospective chart reviews. The retrospective chart review is a widely applicable research methodology that can be used by healthcare disciplines as a means to direct subsequent prospective investigations. In many cases in this review, we have also ...
Di Cerbo Alessandro A Department of Clinical Microbiology. University of Modena e Reggio Emilia. Modena. Italy.. - - 2013
Many reports in literature have underlined particular features of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp paracasei F19, however a critical review of main clinical outcomes has not been performed so far. A summary of the most relevant reports, in terms of clinical benefits, on the usefulness of this lactic acid bacteria is given; ...
Edinger Tracy T Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, - - 2013
A literature search to identify relevant studies is one of the first steps in performing a systematic review (SR) in support of evidence-based medicine. To maximize efficiency, the search must find practically all relevant studies and retrieve few that are irrelevant; however, this level of precision is seldom attained. Therefore, ...
Kirkham Jamie J JJ Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Shelley's Cottage, Brownlow Street, Liverpool L69 3GS, UK. - - 2013
Missing outcome data or the inconsistent reporting of outcome data in clinical research can affect the quality of evidence within a systematic review. A potential solution is an agreed standardized set of outcomes known as a core outcome set (COS) to be measured in all studies for a specific condition. ...
Heneghan C C Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
Prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing globally, with the greatest projected increases in low-income and middle-income countries. We sought to quantify the proportion of Cochrane evidence relating to NCDs derived from such countries. We searched the Cochrane database of systematic reviews for reviews relating to NCDs highlighted in the ...
Soukup Jason W - - 2013
Evidence-based clinical guidelines for full metal crown preparation design are seldom encountered in the veterinary literature. The veterinary literature regarding prosthodontic treatment in companion animals is sparse and consists primarily of case reports and expert opinion based primarily on clinical experience. The goal of this manuscript is to present concepts ...
Juodzbalys Gintaras G Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas - - 2013
The purpose of present article was to review impacted mandibular third molar aetiology, clinical anatomy, radiologic examination, surgical treatment and possible complications, as well as to create new mandibular third molar impaction and extraction difficulty degree classification based on anatomical and radiologic findings and literature review results. Literature was selected ...
Rubin Mark N MN Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 85254, - - 2013
The use of 2-way audiovisual (AV) technology for delivery of acute stroke evaluation and management, termed "telestroke," is supported by a rapidly growing literature base. A systematic review that provides a comprehensive, easily digestible overview of telestroke science and practice is lacking. To conduct a systematic review of the published ...
Walker Alison A Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Acquired chromosome abnormalities in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are among the most valuable determinants of diagnosis and prognosis. In search of new recurrent balanced translocations, we reviewed the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) cytogenetics database containing pretreatment and relapse karyotypes of 4,701 adults ...
Esquenazi Alberto - - 2012
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) can be injected to achieve therapeutic benefit across a large range of clinical conditions. To assess the efficacy and safety of BoNT injections for the treatment of spasticity associated with the upper motor neuron syndrome (UMNS), an expert panel reviewed evidence from the published literature. Data sources ...
Bakota Bore - - 2012
Treatment of a mangled lower extremity represents a major challenge. The decision whether to amputate or attempt reconstruction is currently based upon surgical evaluation. The aim of this paper is to propose a new approach to surgical evaluation based on scoring systems, local clinical status of the patient as well ...
Wallace John - - 2012
Context  The increased uptake of evidence from systematic reviews is advocated because of their potential to improve the quality of decision making for patient care. Systematic reviews can do this by decreasing inappropriate clinical variation and quickly expediting the application of current, effective advances to everyday practice. However, research suggests ...
J Burke Christopher - - 2012
Spondylolisthesis is often poorly understood by clinicians and radiologists. Incorrectly perceived as being chiefly related to pars defects, in reality spondylolisthesis has multiple aetiologies with differing clinical implications. This article addresses the salient radiological findings in the assessment of spondylolisthesis.
Miguel A I M AI Ophthalmology Department, Central University Hospital of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. - - 2013
(1) To describe the clinical characteristics of Purtscher and Purtscher-like retinopathies, including etiologies, fundoscopic signs, results of complementary investigation, treatments, and outcomes. (2) To compare visual acuity (VA) of patients receiving corticosteroids for PuR compared with observation. Systematic review of several databases (1980-2010): Medline, EMBASE, ISI, EBSCO, Science Direct and ...
Petrovic Igor N IN Reta Lila Weston Institute of Neurological Studies, UCL Institute of Neurology, 1 Wakefield St, London, WC1N 1PJ, UK. - - 2013
The classical presentation of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is rapid progressive dementia often associated with myoclonus and ataxia followed by death in less than a year from diagnosis. The few patients in the literature who presented with parkinsonism and who were suspected to have progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) all ran ...
Rogan Slavko - - 2013
Hamstring injuries are common among football players. There is still disagreement regarding prevention. The aim of this review is to determine whether static stretching reduces hamstring injuries in football codes. A systematic literature search was conducted on the online databases PubMed, PEDro, Cochrane, Web of Science, Bisp and Clinical Trial ...
Lombardo Luca - - 2012
Although evident advances have certainly been made, not only in the use of brackets, but also in the mechanics and type of wires and accessories employed, the most recent systematic review of the literature on this topic stated despite claims regarding the clinical superiority of self-ligating brackets, evidence is generally ...
Boutsioukis C - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review and critical analysis of published data on irrigant extrusion to identify factors causing, affecting or predisposing to irrigant extrusion during root canal irrigation of human mature permanent teeth. An electronic search was conducted in Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed, ...
Cardin F - - 2012
Background and Aims : Chronic mesenteric ischemia in older patients is a challenge for the physician because it coincides with a vague and non-specific clinical presentation with abdominal pain. It can frequently cause diagnostic errors lead to legal consequences. The aim of this work was to evaluate the literature on ...
Duqum Ibrahim - - 2012
This literature review sought to determine the advantages and disadvantages of denture adhesive use among complete denture patients. Manuscripts were obtained by searching the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database, Cochrane Collaboration Library, ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry website, and EMBASE database. A total of 85 abstracts were reviewed, and ...
Iorio Matthew L - - 2012
: Use of biologically engineered acellular dermal matrices in the upper and lower extremities is increasingly recognized as a means of achieving definitive healing in the setting of both acute and chronic injuries but data and evidence supporting their use are limited. The authors performed this systematic review to identify ...
Franks Andrea S - - 2012
To review the evidence surrounding a potential association between liraglutide and pancreatitis. A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE (1948-July 12, 2012) and EMBASE (1974-week 27, 2012) using the search terms pancreatitis, liraglutide, and glucagon-like peptide 1/adverse effects. Reference citations from identified publications were reviewed. The manufacturer was contacted and ...
Iglesias-Martin Fernando - - 2012
To evaluate the etiopathogenesis, clinical features, therapeutic options, and surgical approaches for removal of ectopic third molars in the mandibular condyle. MEDLINE search of articles published on ectopic third molars in the mandibular condyle from 1980 to 2011. 14 well-documented clinical cases from the literature were evaluated together with a ...
Teune Mj - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Teune M, van Wassenaer A, Malin G, Asztalos E, Alfirevic Z, Mol B, Opmeer B. Long-term child follow-up after large obstetric randomised controlled trials for the evaluation of perinatal interventions: a systematic review of the literature. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03465.x. Background  Although the hope is ...
Brightwell Robert E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There has been a trend towards favouring endovascular repair for much acute aortic pathology. We undertook a review of the literature to determine if an endovascular approach could complement the traditional treatment of aortocaval fistula (ACF), a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken ...
Haynes M J - - 2012
Strokes, typically involving vertebral artery dissection, can follow cervical spinal manipulative therapy, and these types of stroke occur rarely. There is disagreement about whether a strong association between neck manipulation and stroke exists. An earlier systematic review found two relevant studies of association that used controls, which also discussed the ...
Hirano Stefanie A - - 2012
  To review the literature on atopic dermatitis (AD) clinical trials published in the United States between 2000 and 2009 to examine the representation of racial and ethnic minorities in those trials and determine the extent to which investigators reported on demographic variables and performed a subanalysis. A PubMed search ...
Rosman Ageeth N - - 2012
Objective External cephalic version (ECV) is a safe and effective intervention that can prevent breech delivery, thus reducing the need for cesarean delivery. It is recommended in national guidelines. These guidelines also mention contraindications for ECV, and thereby restrict the application of ECV. We assessed whether the formulation of these ...
Layfield Lester J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The College of American Pathologists (CAP) recognizes the need for clinical data in the interpretation of specimens submitted for histopathologic evaluation. Anecdotal evidence indicates that clinician compliance with requests for clinical history is variable. DESIGN: Quality assurance data from August 1, 2010 to September 31, 2011 were searched for ...
Newman Simon D S SD Imperial College London, Level 7 East Wing, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, W6 8RF, UK. - - 2013
The Ligament Augmentation and Reconstruction System (LARS) is a third generation of synthetic ligament, designed to overcome the issues of graft failure and synovitis which led previous generations of synthetic ligaments to fall out of favour. The theoretical benefits of LARS are appealing but this has not led to widespread ...
Hartling Lisa - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the Cochrane Risk of Bias (ROB) tool between individual raters and across consensus agreements of pairs of reviewers and examine the impact of study-level factors on reliability. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Two reviewers assessed risk of bias for 154 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). For ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2012
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD but monthly online. The April 2012 issue (second DVD for 2012) contains 5045 complete reviews, 2182 protocols for reviews in production, and 17,084 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there ...
Yusuf Syed Wamique - - 2012
Endocarditis and myocarditis are conditions seen worldwide with considerable morbidity and mortality. Despite the improvements in diagnostic technologies, clinical diagnosis remains crucial as only prompt recognition will lead to appropriate investigations and timely intervention, which may be life saving. In this review, the authors provide a concise overview of endocarditis ...
Jhamb Aakarsh - - 2012
Fibrous dysplasia can present clinically in varied forms which may appear as collision of different pathologic processes. We report a rare case of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia with coexisting epithelial lined cyst and superimposed osteomyelitis with sequestrum formation. Its clinical features and management with possible hypotheses are described along with the ...
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