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Results 201 - 250 of 1012
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Schmutz J - - 2013
There is a growing literature on the relationship between team processes and clinical performance. The purpose of this review is to summarize these articles and examine the impact of team process behaviours on clinical performance. We conducted a literature search in five major databases. Inclusion criteria were: English peer-reviewed papers ...
Sriussadaporn Sukanya - - 2013
Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is rare. Therefore, no randomized trial can be used as guideline for diagnosis and treatment. To achieve optimal outcome, previous reports of case series are the sources for management with expected long-term survival. The objective of the present case report is to demonstrate complete pathologic ...
Meek Keith M KM Structural Biophysics Group, School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK. - - 2013
To review cross-linking the cornea using riboflavin and ultraviolet A light, which has been widely adopted, refined and applied in a range of corneal surgeries and pathologies where the strength of the cornea might be compromised. A large number of clinical trials have been carried out, most of which have ...
Belanger Lesley - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review regarding the purported differences in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) laxity throughout the course of the menstrual cycle. A systematic review was performed by searching electronic databases, along with hand-searching of journals and reference tracking for any study that assessed ...
Dahlke Joshua D - - 2013
The objective of our systematic review is to provide updated evidence-based guidance for surgical decisions during cesarean delivery (CD). We performed an English language MEDLINE, PubMed, and COCHRANE search with the terms "cesarean section, cesarean delivery, cesarean, pregnancy, randomized trials," plus each technical aspect of CD. Randomized control trials (RCTs) ...
Pujari Aditi - - 2013
Primary lacrimal sac melanoma is an extremely rare clinical entity with fewer than 25 cases reported in the literature. We present a well-documented case of lacrimal sac melanoma with anterior lacrimal crest infiltration and discuss the clinical, radiological and histopathological features along with surgical challenges and treatment.
Lorenc Z Paul - - 2013
IncobotulinumtoxinA is the third neurotoxin type A to be approved for aesthetic use in the United States. Because incobotulinumtoxinA has been in use in Europe for some time, the clinical literature is fairly replete with references to its properties and characteristics, as well as its safety and efficacy. In North ...
Wadsworth Christopher A - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the use of endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of malignant disease of the bile duct and offer a comprehensive review of the emerging evidence on the safety and effectiveness of this new technique. RECENT FINDINGS: Ex-vivo and in-vivo porcine studies have been reported, ...
Schmitter M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To help the dental practitioner solve a specific clinical problem, systematic reviews (SRs) are seen as the best guide. In addition to the unmanageable quantity of SRs, however, one should be aware of their variable quality. The present review describes the methodological quality of SRs on postendodontic restorations to ...
Giddens Cheryl L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Identification of stress patterns in the voice has multiple potential applications. The objective was to review literature pertaining to the effects of various forms of stress upon the healthy voice. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review, discussion of results, and direction for further study. METHODS: This review article offers a model ...
Jiao Shuang S Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2013
Cochrane Systematic Reviews (CSRs) are frequently referenced by acupuncture efficacy studies currently. In this study, the CSRs on acupuncture are reviewed, and the disease fields they covered and the conclusions they reached are analyzed. In order to explore the potential contribution to CSRs by Chinese resources, the authors analyzed whether ...
Augustin Goran - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Small bowel obstruction after unrecognized or conservatively treated uterine perforation is extremely rare. It is a surgical emergency and the delay in diagnosis and treatment has deleterious consequences for the mother. The purpose of this study is to critically review the available literature and ascertain the level of evidence ...
Scheller Konstanze - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The unspecific, idiopathic isolated osteolysis is a rare condition in the various known osteopathies and better known as Gorham-Stout syndrome (Gorham's disease, GD). It belongs to the primary idiopathic osteolysis, and its aetiology is poorly understood. Many different localisations have been described, but there are only 48 cases affecting ...
Persaud Ricardo - - 2013
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It works by blocking the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates leading to inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. Botox is best known for its beneficial role in facial aesthetics but recent literature has highlighted its ...
Kon E - - 2013
Matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) has been developed and applied in the clinical practice in the last decade to overcome most of the disadvantages of the first generation procedures. The purpose of this systematic review is to document and analyse the available literature on the results of MACT in the ...
Coskun Mehtap - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The ongoing EORTC 22042--26042 trial evaluates the efficacy of high-dose radiotherapy (RT) in atypical/malignant meningioma. The results of the Dummy Run (DR) and prospective Individual Case Review (ICR) were analyzed in this Quality Assurance (QA) study.Material/methods: Institutions were requested to submit a protocol compliant treatment plan for the ...
Cressey Brienne D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE.-: Outbreaks of dermatitis linearis have been documented worldwide. We present a case series of dermatitis linearis from Latin America to highlight the importance of this clinical entity. Clinical, historical, epidemiological, and pathological aspects of the condition are discussed, and a concise current approach to the management and treatment of ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2013
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD but monthly online ( http://www.thecochranelibrary.com ). The October 2012 issue (4th DVD for 2012) contains 5,277 complete reviews, 2,286 protocols for reviews in production, and almost 19,000 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical ...
Ahmad Faiz - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a catastrophic neurological event with no proven treatments that protect against its consequences. Potential benefits of hypothermia in preventing/limiting central nervous system (CNS) injury are now well known. There has been an interest in its potential use after SCI. This article reviews the current ...
Xie Xuanqian - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the 532 nm potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser for vocal fold surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review. METHODS: Our systematic review was conducted using the meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology guidelines. We applied the criteria of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based ...
Kahilogullari Gokmen - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pineal cysts (PC) are found in children as often asymptomatic and without change in their size over the time. However, there are some debatable issues about their evolution and management in the pediatric population. The aim of the present paper is to update the information regarding pathogenesis, clinical presentation, ...
Ryan Neil A J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore the current literature on the rare genetic condition of 46,XX SRY-negative males. In addition, we propose comprehensive clinical guidelines in the management of this condition to aid fertility clinicians in their management of affected individuals. DESIGN: Case report with expert consensus-derived clinical management guidance. SETTING: ...
Di Cerbo Alessandro A Department of Clinical Microbiology. University of Modena e Reggio Emilia. Modena. Italy.. - - 2013
Many reports in literature have underlined particular features of Lactobacillus paracasei subsp paracasei F19, however a critical review of main clinical outcomes has not been performed so far. A summary of the most relevant reports, in terms of clinical benefits, on the usefulness of this lactic acid bacteria is given; ...
Dwan Kerry K Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2013
Outcome reporting bias (ORB) in randomised trials has been identified as a threat to the validity of systematic reviews. Previous work highlighting this problem is limited to considering a single primary review outcome. The aim of this study was to assess ORB across all efficacy outcomes in the Cochrane systematic ...
Mathieu Sylvain - - 2013
Evidence in the medical literature suggests that trial registration may not be preventing selective reporting of results. We wondered about the place of such information in the peer-review process. We asked 1,503 corresponding authors of clinical trials and 1,733 reviewers to complete an online survey soliciting their views on the ...
Wells Cherie - - 2013
Systematic reviews provide clinical practice recommendations that are based on evaluation of primary evidence. When systematic reviews with the same aims have different conclusions, it is difficult to ascertain which review reported the most credible and robust findings. This study examined five systematic reviews that have investigated the effectiveness of ...
Hagiyama Y - - 2013
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare sarcoma that characteristically occurs in children. The current treatment protocols are based on trials performed in patients under 21 years of age. Embryonal RMS in women over 20 years of age is rare, and studies on treatments and outcomes are limited. The authors here ...
Leblebicioglu Hakan - - 2013
CONTRIBUTING REVIEWERS: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials would like to thank the following colleagues for their assistance with peer review of manuscripts for the journal in 2012.
Hatamkhani Shima - - 2013
Purpose. The precise role of carnitine as the key regulator of lipid metabolism in sepsis is unclear. In this review, available experimental as well as clinical evidences regarding the probable beneficial effects of carnitine in sepsis were evaluated. Method. A comprehensive literature search was performed in the related medical databases. ...
Karim B F A - - 2013
Objectives. The aim of the present paper was to review the published literature in order to identify all relevant studies for inclusion and to determine whether there was any evidence of the efficacy of strontium and potassium toothpastes in the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity (DH). Methods. Following a review of ...
Victoroff Jeff - - 2013
To determine the frequency of neurobehavioral signs and symptoms reported in every published case of traumatic encephalopathy with a view toward the development of clinical diagnostic criteria with predictive validity. Cases of persistent or progressive neurological or neurobehavioral change following exposure to one or more head injuries have been reported ...
Franconi Giovanna - - 2013
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common side effect that can be very disabling and can limit or delay the dose of chemotherapy that can be administered. Acupuncture may be effective for treating peripheral neuropathy. The aim of this study was to review the available literature on the use of ...
Soukup Jason W - - 2013
Evidence-based clinical guidelines for full metal crown preparation design are seldom encountered in the veterinary literature. The veterinary literature regarding prosthodontic treatment in companion animals is sparse and consists primarily of case reports and expert opinion based primarily on clinical experience. The goal of this manuscript is to present concepts ...
Wang Xiangdong - - 2013
The editors of Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 2 (2012).
Rubin Mark N MN Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 85254, - - 2013
The use of 2-way audiovisual (AV) technology for delivery of acute stroke evaluation and management, termed "telestroke," is supported by a rapidly growing literature base. A systematic review that provides a comprehensive, easily digestible overview of telestroke science and practice is lacking. To conduct a systematic review of the published ...
Nojomi Marzieh - - 2013
The Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement is a device to standardize reporting and improve the quality of controlled trials. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of controlled clinical trial reports by national peer-reviewed journals in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated clinical ...
Foote Christopher - - 2013
The editors of BMC Clinical Pathology would like to thank all of the reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 12 (2012).
Heneghan C C Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
Prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing globally, with the greatest projected increases in low-income and middle-income countries. We sought to quantify the proportion of Cochrane evidence relating to NCDs derived from such countries. We searched the Cochrane database of systematic reviews for reviews relating to NCDs highlighted in the ...
Agha Riaz A RA Department of Plastic Surgery, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, Bucks, - - 2013
There is growing interest in the potential use of autologous fat grafting (AFG) for the purposes of breast reconstruction. However, concerns have been raised regarding the technique's clinical effectiveness, safety and interference with screening mammography. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the oncological, clinical, aesthetic and functional, ...
Lindsley Kristina - - 2013
Hordeolum is a common, painful inflammation of the eyelid margin that is usually caused by bacterial infection. The infection affects oil glands of the eyelid and can be internal or external. In many cases, the lesion drains spontaneously and resolves untreated; however, the inflammation can spread to other ocular glands ...
McCall Marcy C - - 2013
Objectives. Overview the quality, direction, and characteristics of yoga interventions for treatment of acute and chronic health conditions in adult populations. Methods. We searched for systematic reviews in 10 online databases, bibliographic references, and hand-searches in yoga-related journals. Included reviews satisfy Oxman criteria and specify yoga as a primary intervention ...
Hodkinson Alex A Department of Biostatistics, MRC North West Hub for Trials Methodology Research, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2013
To determine the standard of reporting of harms-related data, in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) according to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement extension for harms. Systematic review. The Cochrane library, Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched for relevant literature. We included publications of studies ...
Victor-Chmil Joyce - - 2013
Concepts of critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and clinical judgment are often used interchangeably. However, they are not one and the same, and understanding subtle difference among them is important. Following a review of the literature for definitions and uses of the terms, the author provides a summary focused on similarities ...
Aldcroft Adrian - - 2013
CONTRIBUTING REVIEWERS: The editors of BMC Medical Ethics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2012).
Matt Vassar V Office of Educational Development, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, OK, - - 2013
In this paper, we review and discuss ten common methodological mistakes found in retrospective chart reviews. The retrospective chart review is a widely applicable research methodology that can be used by healthcare disciplines as a means to direct subsequent prospective investigations. In many cases in this review, we have also ...
Rodol Liban - - 2013
There has been a long-standing link between the civil and criminal commitment procedures for individuals found incompetent to stand trial (IST). In the criminal system, when restoration of competency fails to be realized in a reasonable time, the civil commitment process becomes the default system for commitment. While there have ...
Masoodi Ibrahim - - 2013
We describe diffuse colonic calcification detected on CT scan of the abdomen in a young female patient who presented to our clinic with vague intermittent abdominal pain of four weeks duration. Her investigative profile was normal and her colonoscopy did not reveal any mucosal changes. Colonic calcification has been known ...
Samaan Zainab - - 2013
Reporting guidelines have been available for the past 17 years since the inception of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials statement in 1996. These guidelines were developed to improve the quality of reporting of studies in medical literature. Despite the widespread availability of these guidelines, the quality of reporting of ...
Kirkham Jamie J JJ Department of Biostatistics, University of Liverpool, Shelley's Cottage, Brownlow Street, Liverpool L69 3GS, UK. - - 2013
Missing outcome data or the inconsistent reporting of outcome data in clinical research can affect the quality of evidence within a systematic review. A potential solution is an agreed standardized set of outcomes known as a core outcome set (COS) to be measured in all studies for a specific condition. ...
Juodzbalys Gintaras G Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas - - 2013
The purpose of present article was to review impacted mandibular third molar aetiology, clinical anatomy, radiologic examination, surgical treatment and possible complications, as well as to create new mandibular third molar impaction and extraction difficulty degree classification based on anatomical and radiologic findings and literature review results. Literature was selected ...
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