Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 978
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O'Brart David Ps - - 2013
The aim was to review the recently published literature on excimer laser surface ablation procedures, including photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), laser sub-epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), microkeratome-assisted PRK (epi-LASIK) and trans-epithelial (laser-assisted) PRK, to help elucidate where and how surface ablation may best fit into current refractive surgical practice. The emphasis was on ...
Decaro Nicola N Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy. - - 2013
A clinical outbreak of bovine piroplasmosis was reported in Italy. The etiological agent was characterized as Babesia occultans, a parasite regarded as apathogenic and never detected before in continental Europe. This report paves the way for further studies to assess the occurrence of this tick-transmitted protozoan in other European regions.
Rodríguez-Cruz Pedro M - - 2013
Acute hemicerebellitis in childhood is an extremely rare unilateral presentation of cerebellitis mimicking a tumour. Its aetiology is unknown, although an inflammatory or postinfectious origin is presumed. Its clinical outcome is generally good and a self-limited evolution, in the absence of specific treatment, is usually expected. MRI findings can be ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2013
Previous prospective studies of automated assisted gynecologic screening devices have used a panel of experts for truth determination. We sought to determine the value of this practice. The relative sensitivity of the devices compared with manual screening was calculated using an expert panel for truth determination and compared using likelihood ...
Cheng Ke-Jia - - 2013
Giant osteomas of the ethmoid and frontal sinuses ary very rare, with only a few dozen cases reported in the literature. Given their rarity, the clinical characteristics and treatment of this disease remain controversial. In this study, the clinical presentation and surgical methods used to treat three patients with giant ...
Briel Matthias - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of pre-clinical studies, in vivo animal experiments in particular, can influence clinical care. Publication bias is one of the major threats of validity in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Previous empirical studies suggested that systematic reviews and meta-analyses have become more prevalent until 2010 and found ...
Eich H T - - 2013
This report reviews aspects of the German evidence-based guidelines for Hodgkin's lymphoma relevant to radiation oncologists. Stage-adapted treatment is discussed with the focus on radiotherapy. Up-to-date literature citations provide an overview of current recommendations.
Perrons Robert K - - 2013
In light of the high stakes of the Deepwater Horizon civil trial and the important precedent-setting role that the case will have on the assessment of future marine disasters, the methodologies underpinning the calculations of damage on both sides will be subjected to considerable scrutiny. Despite the importance of the ...
O'Neil S E SE Krefting Research Centre, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2013
The field of clinical proteomics is faced with multiple challenges which need to be overcome in order to improve our understanding of human diseases and provide management solutions. Researchers interested in clinical proteomics assembled for a roundtable discussion at the European Association for Proteomics (EuPA) conference held in Glasgow in ...
Overduin Christiaan G - - 2013
In-bore magnetic resonance-guided biopsy (MRGB) has been increasingly used in clinical practice to detect prostate cancer (PCa). This review summarizes the current clinical results of this biopsy method. A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed and Embase databases. Of 2,035 identified records, 49 required full review. In all, ...
Costa Moacir Guilherme da - - 2013
The present systematic review was performed to investigate if there is evidence justifying the prophylactic extraction of third molars, one of the most frequent procedures in oral surgery. A series of searches was carried out for randomized, clinical trials and systematic reviews in seven databases (MEDLINE, BBO, LILACS, Web of ...
Manchikanti Laxmaiah - - 2013
The primary goal of the surgical treatment of nerve root compression from a disc protrusion continues to be the relief of compression by removing the herniated nuclear material with open discectomy. However, poor results have been reported for contained disc herniations with open surgical interventions. In recent years, a number ...
Mroz Pawel - - 2013
Context.-Central pathology review (CPR) was initially designed as a quality control measure. The potential of CPR in clinical trials was recognized as early as in the 1960s and quickly became embedded as an integral part of many clinical trials since. Objective.-To review the current experience with CPR in clinical trials, ...
Sethi Ashok - - 2013
Sound clinical practice in implant dentistry depends upon defining the methodology that can successfully be used. This can be achieved by identifying literature relating to a specific technique prior to its use. However, clinical observations of outcomes within one's own practice are also very effective. This is particularly true as ...
Jansen Leigh A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many decellularized dermal matrices are available with various applications, all with slight differences. AlloDerm appears to have the greatest presence in the literature. The purpose of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the experience with AlloDerm, stratified by clinical indication. METHODS: A literature search was performed ...
McGee Richard G - - 2013
AIM: Systematic reviews have the potential to map those areas where children are under-represented in surgical research. We aimed to describe and evaluate the quantity, coverage and the quality of conduct and reporting of systematic reviews of surgical procedures in children. METHODS: We searched four biomedical databases, a systematic review ...
Baron Gabriel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Multiple-arm randomized trials can be more complex in their design, data analysis, and result reporting than two-arm trials. We conducted a systematic review to assess the reporting of analyses in reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with multiple arms. METHODS: The literature in the MEDLINE database was searched for ...
Li Tianjing - - 2013
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses serve as a basis for decision-making and clinical practice guidelines and should be carried out using appropriate methodology to avoid incorrect inferences. TOPIC: We describe the characteristics, statistical methods used for meta-analyses, and citation patterns of all 21 glaucoma systematic reviews we identified pertaining ...
Holan Gideon - - 2013
Compared with the abundant literature on the replantation of avulsed permanent teeth, the literature on replantation of avulsed primary teeth is significantly more limited. A search of PubMed, using the terms: primary teeth, primary incisors, avulsion, exarticulation, replantation and reposition, and search in the reference list of the relevant articles, ...
de Medeiros Frederico Carvalho - - 2013
The myelopathy caused by vitamin B12 deficiency is known as subacute combined degeneration. It is rare, but a well known cause of demyelination of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord. The magnetic resonance imaging is characterized by an increased signal on T2-weighted images involving the posterior columns of cervical ...
Varma Abhay K AK Department of Neurosciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
The incidence of acute and chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) in the United States is more than 10,000 per year, resulting in 720 cases per million persons enduring permanent disability each year. The economic impact of SCI is estimated to be more than 4 billion dollars annually. Preclinical studies, case ...
Dahlke Joshua D - - 2013
The objective of our systematic review is to provide updated evidence-based guidance for surgical decisions during cesarean delivery (CD). We performed an English language MEDLINE, PubMed, and COCHRANE search with the terms "cesarean section, cesarean delivery, cesarean, pregnancy, randomized trials," plus each technical aspect of CD. Randomized control trials (RCTs) ...
Pujari Aditi - - 2013
Primary lacrimal sac melanoma is an extremely rare clinical entity with fewer than 25 cases reported in the literature. We present a well-documented case of lacrimal sac melanoma with anterior lacrimal crest infiltration and discuss the clinical, radiological and histopathological features along with surgical challenges and treatment.
Versiani Ane Helena Valle - - 2013
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Evidence-based clinical practice emerged with the aim of guiding clinical issues in order to reduce the degree of uncertainty in decision-making. The Cochrane Collaboration has been developing systematic reviews on randomized controlled trials as high-quality intervention study subjects. Today, physiotherapy methods are widely required in treatments within ...
Lorenc Z Paul - - 2013
IncobotulinumtoxinA is the third neurotoxin type A to be approved for aesthetic use in the United States. Because incobotulinumtoxinA has been in use in Europe for some time, the clinical literature is fairly replete with references to its properties and characteristics, as well as its safety and efficacy. In North ...
Schmutz J - - 2013
There is a growing literature on the relationship between team processes and clinical performance. The purpose of this review is to summarize these articles and examine the impact of team process behaviours on clinical performance. We conducted a literature search in five major databases. Inclusion criteria were: English peer-reviewed papers ...
Belanger Lesley - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review regarding the purported differences in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) laxity throughout the course of the menstrual cycle. A systematic review was performed by searching electronic databases, along with hand-searching of journals and reference tracking for any study that assessed ...
Sriussadaporn Sukanya - - 2013
Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is rare. Therefore, no randomized trial can be used as guideline for diagnosis and treatment. To achieve optimal outcome, previous reports of case series are the sources for management with expected long-term survival. The objective of the present case report is to demonstrate complete pathologic ...
Meek Keith M KM Structural Biophysics Group, School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK. - - 2013
To review cross-linking the cornea using riboflavin and ultraviolet A light, which has been widely adopted, refined and applied in a range of corneal surgeries and pathologies where the strength of the cornea might be compromised. A large number of clinical trials have been carried out, most of which have ...
Wadsworth Christopher A - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the use of endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of malignant disease of the bile duct and offer a comprehensive review of the emerging evidence on the safety and effectiveness of this new technique. RECENT FINDINGS: Ex-vivo and in-vivo porcine studies have been reported, ...
Schmitter M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To help the dental practitioner solve a specific clinical problem, systematic reviews (SRs) are seen as the best guide. In addition to the unmanageable quantity of SRs, however, one should be aware of their variable quality. The present review describes the methodological quality of SRs on postendodontic restorations to ...
Giddens Cheryl L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Identification of stress patterns in the voice has multiple potential applications. The objective was to review literature pertaining to the effects of various forms of stress upon the healthy voice. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review, discussion of results, and direction for further study. METHODS: This review article offers a model ...
Jiao Shuang S Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2013
Cochrane Systematic Reviews (CSRs) are frequently referenced by acupuncture efficacy studies currently. In this study, the CSRs on acupuncture are reviewed, and the disease fields they covered and the conclusions they reached are analyzed. In order to explore the potential contribution to CSRs by Chinese resources, the authors analyzed whether ...
Augustin Goran - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Small bowel obstruction after unrecognized or conservatively treated uterine perforation is extremely rare. It is a surgical emergency and the delay in diagnosis and treatment has deleterious consequences for the mother. The purpose of this study is to critically review the available literature and ascertain the level of evidence ...
Scheller Konstanze - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The unspecific, idiopathic isolated osteolysis is a rare condition in the various known osteopathies and better known as Gorham-Stout syndrome (Gorham's disease, GD). It belongs to the primary idiopathic osteolysis, and its aetiology is poorly understood. Many different localisations have been described, but there are only 48 cases affecting ...
Persaud Ricardo - - 2013
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It works by blocking the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates leading to inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. Botox is best known for its beneficial role in facial aesthetics but recent literature has highlighted its ...
Kon E - - 2013
Matrix-assisted autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) has been developed and applied in the clinical practice in the last decade to overcome most of the disadvantages of the first generation procedures. The purpose of this systematic review is to document and analyse the available literature on the results of MACT in the ...
Coskun Mehtap - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The ongoing EORTC 22042--26042 trial evaluates the efficacy of high-dose radiotherapy (RT) in atypical/malignant meningioma. The results of the Dummy Run (DR) and prospective Individual Case Review (ICR) were analyzed in this Quality Assurance (QA) study.Material/methods: Institutions were requested to submit a protocol compliant treatment plan for the ...
Cressey Brienne D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE.-: Outbreaks of dermatitis linearis have been documented worldwide. We present a case series of dermatitis linearis from Latin America to highlight the importance of this clinical entity. Clinical, historical, epidemiological, and pathological aspects of the condition are discussed, and a concise current approach to the management and treatment of ...
Ahmad Faiz - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a catastrophic neurological event with no proven treatments that protect against its consequences. Potential benefits of hypothermia in preventing/limiting central nervous system (CNS) injury are now well known. There has been an interest in its potential use after SCI. This article reviews the current ...
Xie Xuanqian - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the 532 nm potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser for vocal fold surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review. METHODS: Our systematic review was conducted using the meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology guidelines. We applied the criteria of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based ...
Ryan Neil A J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore the current literature on the rare genetic condition of 46,XX SRY-negative males. In addition, we propose comprehensive clinical guidelines in the management of this condition to aid fertility clinicians in their management of affected individuals. DESIGN: Case report with expert consensus-derived clinical management guidance. SETTING: ...
Kahilogullari Gokmen - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pineal cysts (PC) are found in children as often asymptomatic and without change in their size over the time. However, there are some debatable issues about their evolution and management in the pediatric population. The aim of the present paper is to update the information regarding pathogenesis, clinical presentation, ...
Mathieu Sylvain - - 2013
Evidence in the medical literature suggests that trial registration may not be preventing selective reporting of results. We wondered about the place of such information in the peer-review process. We asked 1,503 corresponding authors of clinical trials and 1,733 reviewers to complete an online survey soliciting their views on the ...
Doshi Peter - - 2013
To explore the structure and content of a non-random sample of clinical study reports (CSRs) to guide clinicians and systematic reviewers. We searched public sources and lodged Freedom of Information requests for previously confidential CSRs primarily written by the industry for regulators. CSRs reporting sufficient information for extraction ('adequate'). Presence ...
Rao G Raghurama - - 2013
Disseminated blastomycosis is rare in India, particularly in the pediatric population. We discuss the clinical picture, progress and outcome of disseminated blastomycosis in a 4-year-old child. We also present a brief review of the literature focussing on the scenario of blastomycosis in India.
Victor-Chmil Joyce - - 2013
Concepts of critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and clinical judgment are often used interchangeably. However, they are not one and the same, and understanding subtle difference among them is important. Following a review of the literature for definitions and uses of the terms, the author provides a summary focused on similarities ...
Lindsley Kristina - - 2013
Hordeolum is a common, painful inflammation of the eyelid margin that is usually caused by bacterial infection. The infection affects oil glands of the eyelid and can be internal or external. In many cases, the lesion drains spontaneously and resolves untreated; however, the inflammation can spread to other ocular glands ...
Nojomi Marzieh - - 2013
The Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement is a device to standardize reporting and improve the quality of controlled trials. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of controlled clinical trial reports by national peer-reviewed journals in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated clinical ...
Rodol Liban - - 2013
There has been a long-standing link between the civil and criminal commitment procedures for individuals found incompetent to stand trial (IST). In the criminal system, when restoration of competency fails to be realized in a reasonable time, the civil commitment process becomes the default system for commitment. While there have ...
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