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Results 101 - 150 of 980
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Le Crystal P - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report the clinical features, patient demographics, management, and outcomes of a series of patients with orbital solitary fibrous tumors (OSFTs) and provide a review of the English literature describing this rare entity. Design: A review of patient demographics, clinical presentations, imaging, histopathology, surgical management, and outcomes were ...
Ghogomu Elizabeth A T - - 2013
The Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group (CMSG), one of 53 groups of the not-for-profit, international Cochrane Collaboration, prepares, maintains, and disseminates systematic reviews of treatments for musculoskeletal diseases. It is important that authors conducting CMSG reviews and the readers of our reviews be aware of and use updated, state-of-the-art systematic review methodology. ...
Bergenholtz Gunnar G Varsaparken, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
This systematic review assesses the effect of methods commonly used to manage the pulp in cases of deep caries lesions, and the extent the pulp chamber remains uninfected and does not cause pulpal or periapical inflammatory lesions and associated tooth-ache over time. An electronic literature search included the databases PubMed, ...
Girard P - - 2013
Up to 15% of all patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) receive an inferior vena cava filter, and prophylactic placements are increasing. To determine whether current use of filters is based on robust evidence, a global review of the recent (2001-2012) literature on filters was undertaken. The MEDLINE database was searched ...
Jessop F A - - 2013
This study was conducted to determine the frequency of pre-defined clinical outcomes in relation to umbilical cord coiling indices >90th percentile and <10th percentile in an unselected population of >1,000 women with a singleton pregnancy resulting in livebirth delivering at or near term and to report these findings in the ...
Beals Corey - - 2014
Hibernomas are rare benign soft tissue tumors that are included in the broad spectrum of lipomatous neoplasms. The tumors are derived of brown fat, and the clinical and imaging presentation can mimic other neoplastic conditions. We discuss a 20-year experience at a single academic institution to define the clinical presentation, ...
Ntala Chara - - 2013
There are concerns about the reporting quality of asthma trials. To describe the reporting of contemporary asthma trials and to identify factors associated with better reporting quality. Two reviewers independently searched MEDLINE for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of asthma published between January 2010 and July 2012 in leading generalist and ...
Ismail Rehab - - 2013
In clinical trials, the selection of appropriate outcomes is crucial for the assessment of whether one intervention is better than another. Selection of inappropriate outcomes can compromise the utility of a trial. However, the process of selecting the most suitable outcomes to include can be complex. Ideally, glaucoma trials aim ...
Solomon Richard - - 2013
Kidney injury following the administration of iodinated contrast media occurs particularly in patients with reduced kidney and cardiac function and when large doses of contrast are used. There is little compelling evidence that vasodilators and anti-oxidants prevent this injury. Most prevention trials have employed intravenous volume loading as a central ...
Smith Valerie - - 2013
research on intrapartum interventions in maternity care has focused traditionally on the identification of risk factors' and on the reduction of adverse outcomes with less attention given to the measurement of factors that contribute to well-being and positive health outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of reviews to determine the ...
Mann Peter C - - 2013
Pathology Working Groups (PWG) are a specialized form of review consisting of a panel of expert pathologists who provide an independent, unbiased assessment of specific questions concerning study results. PWGs may concentrate on pivotal studies with controversial end points, address questions that are of concern to a regulatory agency, or ...
Ploumis Avraam - - 2013
Heterotopic ossification is a pathological process characterized by abnormal formation of bone in nonskeletal tissue. Radiotherapy for heterotopic ossification of the elbow is questionable because of possible adverse effects. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in MEDLINE, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, National Institute for Health and Clinical ...
Munk Louise - - 2013
Emergence delirium (ED) is a well-known phenomenon in the postoperative period. However, the literature concerning this clinical problem is limited. This review evaluates the literature with respect to epidemiology and risk factors. Treatment strategies are discussed. The review concludes that there is a need for guidelines concerning diagnosis and treatment ...
Barreto Monique Antunes de Souza Chelminski MA Fundação Hospitalar do Distrito - - 2013
Phosphodiesterase type 5 Inhibitors, such as sildenafil, vardenafil and tadalafil have been increasingly used today and some of the users have developed sudden sensorineural hearing loss. To present two patients with sudden deafness developed after an occasional use of the drug and review studies on the use of phosphodiesterase type ...
Fernandes Bruno F - - 2013
We critically analyze available peer-reviewed literature, including clinical trials and case reports, on local ocular cancer treatments. Recent innovations in many areas of ocular oncology have introduced promising new therapies, but, for the most part, the optimal treatment of ocular malignancies remains elusive.
Shuster Jonathan J - - 2013
In this paper, we shall provide simple methods where nonstatisticians can evaluate sample size calculations for most large simple trials, as an important part of the peer review process, whether a grant, an Institutional Review Board review, an internal scientific review committee, or a journal referee. Through the methods of ...
- - 2013
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials are increasingly being used by healthcare professionals, policy makers, budget holders and patients to inform decisions relating to the effectiveness of competing interventions or healthcare delivery programmes. Well-conducted systematic reviews can help to address the challenge presented by the ever-increasing volume of ...
Hammond D Corydon - - 2013
A review of the history of hypnosis through the late 19th century is provided in this article. The author offers an important review for practitioners of hypnosis preparing to take diplomate board examinations. Clinicians will also be enabled to trace the evolution of clinical methods, principles, and techniques.
Lefebvre Carol - - 2013
The Cochrane Collaboration was established in 1993, following the opening of the UK Cochrane Centre in 1992, at a time when searching for studies for inclusion in systematic reviews was not well-developed. Review authors largely conducted their own searches or depended on medical librarians, who often possessed limited awareness and ...
Péron Julien - - 2013
The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidance was extended in 2004 to provide a set of 10 specific and comprehensive guidelines regarding adverse event (AE) reporting in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Limited data exist regarding adherence to these guidelines in publications of oncology RCTs. All phase III RCTs published ...
Tharmabala Mehala - - 2013
Chordomas are rare tumors in the craniospinal axis arising from persistent notochordal rests commonly seen in the skull base, including the clivus and the sacrum. Chordomas in the mobile spine occur less commonly. To the best of our knowledge, the clinical presentation of acute cauda equina syndrome (CES) due to ...
Thomas J - - 2013
Unexpectedly severe exertional heat stroke and rhabdomyolysis should prompt a clinician to look for susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. We report a case of exertional heat stroke and rhabdomyolysis in a man later determined to have the malignant hyperthermia phenotype. We review the existing literature regarding this association and suggest future ...
Goldin Michael - - 2013
The understanding of tendinopathy has evolved over the past several decades. Initially thought to be a primarily inflammatory process, histologic evaluation has revealed that there is an absence of inflammatory cells, and rather, tendinopathy is more of a degenerative process. Various types of medications, rehabilitation, modalities, injections, and minimally invasive ...
Buckley Mitchell S - - 2013
To review the literature evaluating the clinical safety and efficacy of conivaptan in the management of hyponatremia in a neurologic and neuro-surgical adult patient population. A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1966-May 2013). Search limits were English, human, and ...
Vannini F F I Orthopaedic Clinic and Movement Analysis Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via di Barbiano n. 1/10, 40136 Bologna, - - 2014
The aim of this article is to review systematically all the literature available on the clinical application of PRP for the treatment of foot and ankle pathologies, to understand its potential and best indications for clinical use. A systematic search of the PubMed database was performed. Research criteria were the ...
Trinidade A - - 2013
Caffeine is implicated as causing or aggravating numerous otorhinolaryngological conditions, including tinnitus, Ménière's disease, laryngopharyngeal reflux, globus pharyngeus and dysphonia. We address caffeine's effects in such conditions and to determine whether such implications are founded. The defined search limits of data sources included human trials and either randomised control trials, ...
Harris Joshua D - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The role of evidence-based medicine in sports medicine and orthopaedic surgery is rapidly growing. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are also proliferating in the medical literature. PURPOSE:To provide the outline necessary for a practitioner to properly understand and/or conduct a systematic review for publication in a sports medicine journal. STUDY DESIGN:Review. ...
Quesnele Jairus J - - 2013
Purpose: To critically review the methodological quality and synthesize information from systematic reviews and high quality studies on the effects of beta alanine (BA) on exercise and athletic performance. Methods: A search strategy was developed in accordance with the standards for the reporting of scientific literature via systematic reviews. Five ...
Zhao Ke - - 2013
To systematically review clinical outcomes of different occlusal designs of complete dentures. Using a various key words, an electronic search of clinical trials published in English and Chinese literature was performed from four databases: Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and CBM. Furthermore, a manual searching of the relevant journals and the ...
Hoppe Bradford S - - 2013
The present guidelines review epidemiology, pathology, presentation, workup, staging, prognostic factors, and treatment options for patients with localized nodal indolent lymphoma, with an emphasis on radiation guidelines, including radiation dose, field design, and radiation techniques. Following a discussion of the current literature and available data for treatment and outcomes of ...
Altman Douglas G DG Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2013
Reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform the care of future patients and are especially important to clinicians and systematic reviewers. Readers should satisfy themselves that the study methods were sound. Clinicians should consider the relevance to their own patients, both benefits and harms, and absolute as well as relative ...
Montgomery Paul P Centre for Evidence-Based Intervention, University of Oxford, Barnett House, 32 Wellington Square, Oxford, UK. - - 2013
This article presents a new tool that helps systematic reviewers to extract and compare implementation data across primary trials. Currently, systematic review guidance does not provide guidelines for the identification and extraction of data related to the implementation of the underlying interventions. A team of systematic reviewers used a multistaged ...
Bazzocchi Alberto A Department of Specialized, Diagnostic, and Experimental Medicine, University of Bologna, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital; Bologna, Italy - Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, The "Rizzoli" Institute, IRCCS - Institute of Neurological Sciences of Bologna, UOC of Neuroradiology; Bologna, Italy - - - 2013
The intradural extramedullary space is an extremely unusual site for the onset of Ewing's sarcoma. We describe a case of recurrence of intradural extramedullary Ewing's sarcoma and review the literature available on this topic.
Magin Parker - - 2013
The 2001 Revised Consolidated Standards of Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement requires reporting of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) to include participants' baseline demographics. This enables comparison of intervention and control groups on potential confounding variables as well as assessment of study generalizability. Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with access to ...
Pant Sadip - - 2013
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure for systemic hypoxemia is controversial. The first systematic, albeit retrospective, study was recently presented which showed good procedural and clinical success for PFO closure for this indication. We present a case of acute right to left intra-cardiac shunt across PFO where the shunting is not ...
Putz Katherine - - 2013
Meningitis is defined as inflammation of the meninges, in almost all cases identified by an abnormal number of white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid and specific clinical signs/symptoms. Onset may be acute or chronic, and clinical symptoms of acute disease develop over hours to days. This article reviews the ...
Carrier Charles S - - 2013
Follow-up studies of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and interbody fusion (ACDF) have demonstrated varying degrees of radiographic degeneration at adjacent levels, with most cases being asymptomatic (adjacent segment degeneration, ASDeg) and far fewer being symptomatic (adjacent segment disease, ASDz). Controversy remains as to whether these conditions are related to ...
Cremers Johanna P - - 2013
Although glucocorticosteroids are considered the first-line treatment in sarcoidosis, refractory cases require alternatives, such as methotrexate (MTX). The aim of this study was to develop, on behalf of the World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Disorders (WASOG), multinational evidence-based recommendations for the use of MTX in sarcoidosis for routine ...
Liu Yiju Teresa - - 2013
To systematically review the current literature on the effect of using ultrasound (US) guidance for the placement of peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheters in patients with difficult access. A systematic search was performed for the keywords ultrasonography, catheterization, and peripheral vein. A systematic review was performed on randomized-controlled studies comparing the ...
Hadi Mohammed - - 2013
BackgroundChronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon cause marked functional impairment. Given the different repair techniques used, there is a need for a systematic review of the literature to investigate whether these procedure are comparable with one another when performed by experienced surgeons.Sources of dataA systematic literature search using the Medline ...
Baek J H - - 2013
Tremor occurs frequently as a side-effect of lithium, and it is, however, easily overlooked in the clinical setting. In this article, we attempt to review the pathophysiology and the clinical approach of lithium tremor. We searched the Pubmed and Cochrane Library for relevant articles up to the year 2012. Sixty-four ...
Mantzourani Maria - - 2013
This review defines dentine sensitivity (DS), its prevalence, its aetiology, the mechanism(s) responsible for DS, its diagnosis and its treatment. The review then examines the modes of action of various treatments for DS including potassium salts, strontium salts, bioglasses, arginine/calcium carbonate and professional treatments such as adhesives and oxalates. The ...
Buchanan Edward P - - 2013
Klumpke palsy has yet to be clearly documented in the newborn, because previous reports lack any description of the obstetrical history, clinical progression, or outcome. Based on a high incidence of breach presentation in the few clinical series that report Klumpke palsy, hyperabduction with arm overhead during delivery has been ...
Bishop Lauri - - 2013
Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Many survivors of stroke remain with residual disabilities, even years later. Advances in technology have led to the development of a variety of robotic devices for use in rehabilitation. The integration of robotics in the delivery of neurorehabilitation is promising, but still ...
Martin Jarad - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Review of plans early in treatment offers the potential to reduce the chance of sub-optimal treatment delivery. We compare the use of real time reviews (RTR) either before randomization (pre-rand 3D RTR) or following randomization (post-rand 2D RTR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PROFIT is an international randomised trial ...
Crowther David M - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to discuss systematic reviews, how they are performed, and their associated strengths and limitations. A systematic review is an assessment of evidence involving exact methods to systematically identify, select, and critically evaluate all available literature on a particular topic. Unlike most narrative reviews, systematic ...
Potter Elisabeth H EH University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8820, - - 2013
The silicone granuloma was first described in the literature in 1964. During the course of clinical practice, the plastic surgeon will encounter a silicone granuloma in a breast augmentation or reconstruction patient. This review addresses the clinical significance associated with silicone granulomas. Clinical implications and indications for intervention are discussed, ...
Lapid Oren - - 2013
Abstract Objective: A systematic review to assess the efficacy of tamoxifen in the management of idiopathic pubertal gynecomastia. Data sources: Searches were conducted using the databases of Medline (search engine PubMed) and Web of Science®. Study selection: Studies reporting the use of Tamoxifen for the treatment of gynecomastia in adolescents. ...
Eliades Steven J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The role of mastoidectomy performed with tympanoplasty for tympanic membrane perforations in the absence of cholesteatoma remains controversial. Some authorities suggest that outcomes are improved by the pressure buffering contributed by a well-aerated mastoid. It is unclear, however, whether or not clinical evidence demonstrates a benefit by the addition ...
Jacobs Wilco C H WC Department of Neurosurgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, PO Box 9600, 2300, RC, Leiden, The Netherlands, - - 2013
Many systematic reviews have been published on surgical interventions for low back disorders. The objective of this overview was to evaluate the available evidence from systematic reviews on the effectiveness of surgical interventions for disc herniation, spondylolisthesis, stenosis, and degenerative disc disease (DDD). An earlier version of this review was ...
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