Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fleming Padhraig S PS Oral Growth and Development, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Turner St., London E1 2 AD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SRs) published in high- and low-impact factor (IF) Core Clinical Journals. In addition, we aimed to record the implementation of aspects of reporting, including Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) flow diagram, reasons for study exclusion, and use of ...
Kazlouskaya Viktoryia V Ackerman Academy of Dermatopathology, New York, NY, - - 2014
Tufted hemangiomas are relatively rare benign vascular proliferations that are congenital or appear during the first years of life. Herein we present an additional case of tufted hemangioma that appeared one year after birth and discuss its histopathological criteria and differential diagnosis with malignant vascular proliferations including sarcoma Kaposi, angiosarcoma ...
O'Brien J J Australian Centre for Research into Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP) Federation University Australia, Ballarat, - - 2014
Recent published studies on injury prevention exercise programmes (IPEPs) in team ball sports support the protective effect of these interventions, but also highlight that achieving adequate compliance is challenging. A key process in enhancing the ultimate impact of team ball sport IPEPs is identifying the specific implementation components which influence ...
Rizvi Asad A - - 2014
The case of a 44-year-old female with multiple embolic cerebellar infarcts associated with a "high risk" patent foramen ovale (PFO) is presented. This article reviews current management of PFO in association with cryptogenic stroke in light of the results of three recent randomized controlled trials and two meta-analyses of observational ...
Molinar Vanessa E VE Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 5001 El Paso Dr, El Paso, TX 79905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Facial hyperpigmentation is common and challenging to treat in darker-skinned populations. A Medline literature search of articles published up to October 2013 reporting the objective assessment of and/or treatment for melasma, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, dermatosis papulosa nigra, lichen planus pigmentosus, and erythema dyschromicum perstans was reviewed. Objective assessment was only reported ...
Khalifa Refaat - - 2014
Capillaria philippinensis is a mysterious parasite and intestinal capillariasis is a mysterious disease. It is now more than half a century since the discovery of the first case in Philippines without answering many questions concerning the parasite's taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, diagnosis, pathology, clinical symptoms, mode of transmission as well ...
Lo Carson Ka-Lok - - 2014
Lack of appropriate reporting of methodological details has previously been shown to distort risk of bias assessments in randomized controlled trials. The same might be true for observational studies. The goal of this study was to compare the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) assessment for risk of bias between reviewers and authors ...
Vrablik Michael E ME Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
The diagnostic accuracy of emergency department (ED) ocular ultrasonography may be sufficient for diagnosing retinal detachment. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ED ocular ultrasonography for the diagnosis of retinal detachment. This review conformed to the recommendations from the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology ...
Conde-Taboada A A Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systematic reviews -the most comprehensive type of literature review-should be taken into account before a clinical trial or a narrative review on a topic is undertaken. The objective of this study was to describe the use of systematic reviews in clinical trials and narrative reviews in dermatology. This was a ...
O'Brart David P S DP Keratoconus Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, St. Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim was to review the published literature on corneal collagen cross-linking. The emphasis was on the seminal publications, systemic reviews, meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials. Where such an evidence did not exist, selective large series cohort studies, case controlled studies and case series with follow-up preferably greater than 12 ...
Mowat Alex E AE Greenslopes Gynecology and Obstetrics Group, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder, commonly affecting girls around the menarche, which manifests clinically as recurrent episodes of angioedema. Laryngeal edema can lead to asphyxiation and death. Traditionally hormones have been avoided in the management due a reported association with flares in the literature. This case ...
Lamers Ilse I REVAL - Rehabilitation Research Institute, BIOMED - Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To provide an overview of applied upper limb outcome measures in MS, according to the ICF levels and review their psychometric properties in MS. Pubmed and Web of Knowledge. Articles published until June 2013 were selected when written in English, published in the last 25 years, peer-reviewed, including more than ...
Rajasekharan S S Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Special Care, PaeCaMeD Research, Dental School, P8, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University, UZ Ghent, 1P8, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Biodentine™ is a new version of calcium silicate-based inorganic cement. The aim of this review is to provide a detailed analysis of the physical and biological properties of Biodentine™ and to compare these properties with those of other tricalcium silicate cements viz. mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Bioaggregate™ (Bioaggregate). A ...
Busse Jason W JW Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, HSC-2U1, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1; The Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Pain Research and Care, McMaster University, MDCL 2101, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess English-speaking reviewers' accuracy in determining the eligibility of foreign-language articles for a systematic review. Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of therapy for fibromyalgia. Guided by 10 questions, English-speaking reviewers screened non-English-language articles for eligibility. Teams of two native-language speakers provided reference standard judgments of eligibility. Of 15,466 ...
Blom Jan Dirk JD Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, and Groningen - - 2014
This paper provides an overview and critical reassessment of the cases of clinical lycanthropy reported in the medical literature from 1850 onwards. Out of 56 original case descriptions of metamorphosis into an animal, only 13 fulfilled the criteria of clinical lycanthropy proper. The remaining cases constituted variants of the overarching ...
Doblin Rick R Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, Santa Cruz, CA, - - 2014
Parrott recently published a review of literature on MDMA/ecstasy. This commentary is a response to the content and tenor of his review, which mischaracterizes the literature through misstatement and omission of contrary findings, and fails to address the central controversies in the literature. The review makes several erroneous statements concerning ...
Bigby Michael M Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2014
A systematic review is a summary of existing evidence that answers a specific clinical question, contains a thorough, unbiased search of the relevant literature, explicit criteria for assessing studies and structured presentation of the results. A systematic review that incorporates quantitative pooling of similar studies to produce an overall summary ...
Murray Elizabeth - - 2014
PURPOSE To present a systematic review of single case experimental treatment studies for childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). METHOD A search of nine databases was used to find peer-reviewed treatment articles from 1970 to 2012 of all levels of evidence with published communication outcomes for children with CAS. Improvement rate ...
Wei Leslie A LA *Department of Ophthalmology, Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery Service, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado; †Department of Ophthalmology, Oculoplastic, Facial Cosmetic, and Orbital Surgery Service, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; ‡Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.; §Oculoplastics and Orbit Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; ‖Oculoplastics Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.; On leave of absence from the ¶Craniofacial Unit of the Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto-University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; and #Department of Ophthalmology, Oculoplastics, Lacrimal, and Orbital Surgery Service, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
This study reviews the clinical presentation and management of 11 cases of sino-orbital osteoma. The medical records of patients with primary (originating from orbital bone) and secondary (originating from the paranasal sinuses) orbital osteoma from the academic practices of 4 surgeons (A.V.C., M.J.L., P.J.D., V.D.D.) were reviewed for clinical presentation ...
Lehmen Jeff A JA ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St. Boston MA 02115 &OV0556;Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St. Boston MA 02114 ¥Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Ave. Boston MA - - 2014
Study Design. Systematic ReviewObjective. It was the current study's purpose to perform a comparison of RCT abstracts and manuscripts published in recent spinal literature.Summary of Background Data. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) represent the gold standard upon which evidence-based treatment decisions are made. Inconsistencies between an abstract and manuscript can mislead ...
Cohen-Mansfield Jiska J Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel-Aviv, Israel George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This paper challenges the assumptions underlying many reviews and offers alternative criteria for examining evidence for nonpharmacological interventions. We evaluated 27 reviews examining interventions for persons with dementia as they relate to the issues of selection based on randomized controlled trial (RCT) design. Reviews were described by type of intervention, ...
Meher S S Department of Women and Children's Health, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK; Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
The inappropriate and inconsistent selection of primary outcomes (POs) in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) can make evidence difficult to interpret, limiting its usefulness to inform clinical practice. To systematically review the choice and consistency of POs in RCTs and SRs of preventative interventions for preterm birth. ...
Isaacs David D Department of Infectious Diseases & Microbiology, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Doctors quote lack of time and lack of knowledge as major obstacles to searching the literature for evidence. This article argues that it is possible to do a literature search in 10-15 minutes with little specialist knowledge, using the Clinical Queries option of Medline (PubMed). PubMed is a free, user ...
Terezakis Stephanie A SA Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
Pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable malignancy and potential long-term effects of therapy need to be considered in optimizing clinical care. An expert panel was convened to reach consensus on the most appropriate approach to evaluation and treatment of pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria ...
Ayeni O R OR Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
This systematic review explored reported outcomes addressing femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), specifically those comparing labral debridement to labral repair. In addition, the quality of the evidence was evaluated for the purposes of making treatment recommendations. Three databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed) were searched for comparative studies involving labral repair and debridement ...
Miller Andrew C AC Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of thoracic injuries resulting from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not well characterized. We describe a case in which a CPR-associated atrial rupture was identified with ultrasound and successfully managed in the intensive care unit with a bedside thoracotomy and atrial repair. We then describe a systematic review with ...
Quesnele Jairus J JJ Division of Clinical Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, - - 2014
Purpose: To critically review the methodological quality and synthesize information from systematic reviews and high quality studies on the effects of beta alanine (BA) on exercise and athletic performance. Methods: A search strategy was developed in accordance with the standards for the reporting of scientific literature via systematic reviews. Five ...
Pilz Walmari W Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
A systematic review was conducted to investigate the pathophysiology of and diagnostic procedures for oropharyngeal dysphagia in myotonic dystrophy (MD). The electronic databases Embase, PubMed, and The Cochrane Library were used. The search was limited to English, Dutch, French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese publications. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria. ...
Conde-Taboada A A Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systematic reviews -the most comprehensive type of literature review- should be taken into account before a clinical trial or a narrative review on a topic is undertaken. The objective of this study was to describe the use of systematic reviews in clinical trials and narrative reviews in dermatology. This was ...
Main B G BG School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, - - 2014
Accurate evaluation of radical radiotherapy requires well designed research with valid and appropriate outcomes. This study reviewed standards of outcome reporting and study design in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of radiation-based therapy for esophageal cancer and made recommendations for future work. Randomized controlled trials reporting outcomes of definitive radiation-based treatment ...
Hoffmann Tammy - - 2014
A complete description of the intervention in a published trial report is necessary for readers to be able to use the intervention, yet the completeness of intervention descriptions in trials is very poor. Low awareness of the issue by authors, reviewers, and editors is part of the cause and providing ...
De Pauw Joke J Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, - - 2014
Cervical dystonia is a form of adult-onset, focal dystonia characterized by involuntary contractions of the neck muscles, leading to a disabling, abnormal head posture. CD has a great impact on the activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life. Currently, the most widely used and recommended first line treatment ...
Grellety T T Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Bergonié, Regional Comprehensive Cancer Centre, - - 2014
Phase II trials represent an essential step in the development of anticancer drugs. This study assesses the quality of their reporting in highly ranked oncology journals, investigates predictive factors of quality, and proposes reporting guidelines. We reviewed the table of contents of all volumes of eight peer-reviewed oncology journals published ...
Roberts Derek J - - 2014
Although health care providers utilize classically described signs and symptoms to diagnose tension pneumothorax, available literature sources differ in their descriptions of its clinical manifestations. Moreover, while the clinical manifestations of tension pneumothorax have been suggested to differ among subjects of varying respiratory status, it remains unknown if these differences ...
Shanahan Daniel D BioMed Central, 236 Gray's Inn Road, WC1X 8HB, London, United Kingdom. - - 2014
A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Trials has been blessed by the support of highly-qualified peer reviewers, and the Editors-in-Chief, Doug Altman, Curt Furberg and Jeremy Grimshaw, and staff of the journal would like to ...
Mahlknecht Ulrich U Department for Internal Medicine - Hematology/Oncology, St, Lukas Klinik, Solingen, Germany. - - 2014
The Editors of Clinical Epigenetics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 5 (2013).
Salemis Nikolaos S NS Department of Surgery, Army General Hospital, Athens, Greece, - - 2014
Multifocal soft tissue sarcoma is a rare clinical entity occurring in 1% of patients with extremity soft tissue sarcoma and in 4.5% of patients with liposarcoma. Multifocal disease may arise either synchronously or metachronously and has been associated with poor prognosis. Herein, we have described a rare case of metachronous ...
Amos Andrew J AJ School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Queensland, - - 2014
The early intervention in psychosis literature has recently appropriated clinical terms with etiologic implications such as staging and pluripotent from the oncology literature without adopting the methodological rigor of oncology research. Oncology research maintains this rigor, among other methods, by examining the literature for evidence of bias and spin, which ...
Robertson Josh - - 2014
Increasing data and anecdotal operational reports are supporting the early, aggressive, prehospital application of tourniquets in potentially life-threatening extremity trauma. Especially in the civilian urban setting where transport times are short, the benefit in terms of lives saved far outweighs the potential risk to the extremity. The popular press has ...
Nascimento Leonard Euler Andrade Gomes - - 2014
To verify, by means of a systematic review, whether the design of brackets (conventional or self-ligating) influences adhesion and formation of Streptococcus mutans colonies. Search strategy: four databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid ALL EMB Reviews, PubMed and BIREME) were selected to search for relevant articles covering the ...
Leblebicioglu Hakan H Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey. - - 2014
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials would like to thank the following colleagues for their assistance with peer review of manuscripts for the journal in 2013.
Anglemyer Andrew A Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA, - - 2014
Researchers and organizations often use evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy of a treatment or intervention under ideal conditions. Studies of observational designs are often used to measure the effectiveness of an intervention in 'real world' scenarios. Numerous study designs and modifications of existing designs, including ...
Dhir Mashaal M Department of Surgery, Surgical Oncology, 986345 University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-6345, - - 2014
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans (DFSP) is a rare skin tumor, characterized by frequent local recurrence but is seldom metastatic. It is histologically characterized by storiform arrangement of spindle cells. Cytogenetically, most tumors are characterized by translocation 17:22 leading to overexpression of tyrosine kinase PDGFB which can be targeted with tyrosine kinase inhibitor, ...
Chambers Duncan D Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, - - 2014
To identify and critically assess the extent to which systematic reviews of enhanced recovery programmes for patients undergoing colorectal surgery differ in their methodology and reported estimates of effect. Review of published systematic reviews. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects ...
van Luijk Judith J SYRCLE - Central Animal Laboratory, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the - - 2014
The methodological quality of animal studies is an important factor hampering the translation of results from animal studies to a clinical setting. Systematic reviews of animal studies may provide a suitable method to assess and thereby improve their methodological quality. The aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate the ...
Ortu Eleonora E Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Division of Gnatology; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; Via Vetoio 67100, L'Aquila, - - 2014
The aim of this article is to elucidate the state of the art about how rapid maxillary expansion (RME) produces changes in natural head position (NHP) in terms of cephalometric angles or inclinometer data during the growth period, according to the available literature. Electronic search was done from January 2002 ...
Kim Kun Hyung KH Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South - - 2014
High-quality reporting of treatment details can aid replication of study results in real-world clinical practice. The Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) is a reporting guideline for key elements of acupuncture interventions in clinical trials. This study used STRICTA to investigate whether Cochrane reviews of acupuncture ...
Latifi Rifat R Professor of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; President and Founder, International Virtual e-Hospital Foundation, Tucson, Arizona; Surgery Consultant International, PLLC, Tucson, Arizona; Adjunct Professor of Clinical Surgery, Weil Cornell Medical College, Doha, - - 2014
Telemedicine and advanced technologies that ensure telepresence have become common practice and are an effective way of providing healthcare services. The authors conducted a traditional narrative review of English literature through search engines (Medline, Pub Med, Embase, and Science Direct) using mesh terms "telemedicine," "telepresence," "earthquake," "disaster," "natural disaster," and ...
Zawawi Khalid H KH Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80209, Jeddah 21589, Saudi - - 2014
Aims. To evaluate the role of third molars in the development of crowding or relapse after orthodontic treatment in the anterior segment of the dental arch. Methods. PubMed search of the literature was performed selecting all the articles relevant to the topic and limiting the studies to controlled trials on ...
Morawska Magdalena M BioMed Central, Floor 6, 236 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, UK. - - 2014
The editors of BMC Clinical Pathology would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >