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Cohen-Mansfield Jiska J Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel-Aviv, Israel George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This paper challenges the assumptions underlying many reviews and offers alternative criteria for examining evidence for nonpharmacological interventions. We evaluated 27 reviews examining interventions for persons with dementia as they relate to the issues of selection based on randomized controlled trial (RCT) design. Reviews were described by type of intervention, ...
Lehmen Jeff A JA ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St. Boston MA 02115 &OV0556;Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St. Boston MA 02114 ¥Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Ave. Boston MA - - 2014
Study Design. Systematic ReviewObjective. It was the current study's purpose to perform a comparison of RCT abstracts and manuscripts published in recent spinal literature.Summary of Background Data. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) represent the gold standard upon which evidence-based treatment decisions are made. Inconsistencies between an abstract and manuscript can mislead ...
Isaacs David D Department of Infectious Diseases & Microbiology, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Doctors quote lack of time and lack of knowledge as major obstacles to searching the literature for evidence. This article argues that it is possible to do a literature search in 10-15 minutes with little specialist knowledge, using the Clinical Queries option of Medline (PubMed). PubMed is a free, user ...
Terezakis Stephanie A SA Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
Pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable malignancy and potential long-term effects of therapy need to be considered in optimizing clinical care. An expert panel was convened to reach consensus on the most appropriate approach to evaluation and treatment of pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria ...
Ayeni O R OR Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
This systematic review explored reported outcomes addressing femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), specifically those comparing labral debridement to labral repair. In addition, the quality of the evidence was evaluated for the purposes of making treatment recommendations. Three databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed) were searched for comparative studies involving labral repair and debridement ...
Miller Andrew C AC Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of thoracic injuries resulting from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not well characterized. We describe a case in which a CPR-associated atrial rupture was identified with ultrasound and successfully managed in the intensive care unit with a bedside thoracotomy and atrial repair. We then describe a systematic review with ...
Pilz Walmari W Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
A systematic review was conducted to investigate the pathophysiology of and diagnostic procedures for oropharyngeal dysphagia in myotonic dystrophy (MD). The electronic databases Embase, PubMed, and The Cochrane Library were used. The search was limited to English, Dutch, French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese publications. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria. ...
Main B G BG School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, - - 2014
Accurate evaluation of radical radiotherapy requires well designed research with valid and appropriate outcomes. This study reviewed standards of outcome reporting and study design in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of radiation-based therapy for esophageal cancer and made recommendations for future work. Randomized controlled trials reporting outcomes of definitive radiation-based treatment ...
Hoffmann Tammy - - 2014
A complete description of the intervention in a published trial report is necessary for readers to be able to use the intervention, yet the completeness of intervention descriptions in trials is very poor. Low awareness of the issue by authors, reviewers, and editors is part of the cause and providing ...
Grellety T T Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Bergonié, Regional Comprehensive Cancer Centre, - - 2014
Phase II trials represent an essential step in the development of anticancer drugs. This study assesses the quality of their reporting in highly ranked oncology journals, investigates predictive factors of quality, and proposes reporting guidelines. We reviewed the table of contents of all volumes of eight peer-reviewed oncology journals published ...
De Pauw Joke J Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, - - 2014
Cervical dystonia is a form of adult-onset, focal dystonia characterized by involuntary contractions of the neck muscles, leading to a disabling, abnormal head posture. CD has a great impact on the activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life. Currently, the most widely used and recommended first line treatment ...
Roberts Derek J - - 2014
Although health care providers utilize classically described signs and symptoms to diagnose tension pneumothorax, available literature sources differ in their descriptions of its clinical manifestations. Moreover, while the clinical manifestations of tension pneumothorax have been suggested to differ among subjects of varying respiratory status, it remains unknown if these differences ...
Morawska Magdalena M BioMed Central, Floor 6, 236 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, UK. - - 2014
The editors of BMC Clinical Pathology would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
Kim Kun Hyung KH Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South - - 2014
High-quality reporting of treatment details can aid replication of study results in real-world clinical practice. The Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) is a reporting guideline for key elements of acupuncture interventions in clinical trials. This study used STRICTA to investigate whether Cochrane reviews of acupuncture ...
Fan Fang-Fang FF Department of Pharmacy, The Affiliated Traditional Medical Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, - - 2014
Due to language limitations, little is known about the reporting quality of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine (CJITWM). In this study, we utilized the CONSORT 2010 statement to understand ...
Mahlknecht Ulrich U Department for Internal Medicine - Hematology/Oncology, St, Lukas Klinik, Solingen, Germany. - - 2014
The Editors of Clinical Epigenetics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 5 (2013).
Voilette Philippe D PD Department of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Accurate reporting of complications is an essential component to critical appraisal and innovation in surgery and specifically with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We review the evolution of complication reporting for PCNL and suggest future directions for innovation. A selective review was carried out using Pubmed. Key search terms and their combinations ...
Bafeta Aïda A Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Centre d'Epidémiologie Clinique, INSERM U1153, Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, 75004 Paris, - - 2014
To examine how the results of network meta-analyses are reported. Methodological systematic review of published reports of network meta-analyses. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Medline, and Embase, searched from inception to 12 July 2012. All network meta-analyses comparing the clinical efficacy of three ...
Salemis Nikolaos S NS Department of Surgery, Army General Hospital, Athens, Greece, - - 2014
Multifocal soft tissue sarcoma is a rare clinical entity occurring in 1% of patients with extremity soft tissue sarcoma and in 4.5% of patients with liposarcoma. Multifocal disease may arise either synchronously or metachronously and has been associated with poor prognosis. Herein, we have described a rare case of metachronous ...
Latifi Rifat R Professor of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; President and Founder, International Virtual e-Hospital Foundation, Tucson, Arizona; Surgery Consultant International, PLLC, Tucson, Arizona; Adjunct Professor of Clinical Surgery, Weil Cornell Medical College, Doha, - - 2014
Telemedicine and advanced technologies that ensure telepresence have become common practice and are an effective way of providing healthcare services. The authors conducted a traditional narrative review of English literature through search engines (Medline, Pub Med, Embase, and Science Direct) using mesh terms "telemedicine," "telepresence," "earthquake," "disaster," "natural disaster," and ...
Nascimento Leonard Euler Andrade Gomes - - 2014
To verify, by means of a systematic review, whether the design of brackets (conventional or self-ligating) influences adhesion and formation of Streptococcus mutans colonies. Search strategy: four databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid ALL EMB Reviews, PubMed and BIREME) were selected to search for relevant articles covering the ...
van Luijk Judith J SYRCLE - Central Animal Laboratory, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the - - 2014
The methodological quality of animal studies is an important factor hampering the translation of results from animal studies to a clinical setting. Systematic reviews of animal studies may provide a suitable method to assess and thereby improve their methodological quality. The aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate the ...
Singh Rashmi Roshan RR Department of Paediatric Surgery, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Littre's hernia is a rare clinical entity. The presence of a Littre's hernia in a 2-year-old boy with an impalpable testis is even rarer. We describe this interesting case with a review of the literature.
O'Neil Maya - - 2014
Systematic reviews of healthcare interventions most often focus on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, certain circumstances warrant consideration of observational evidence, and such studies are increasingly being included as evidence in systematic reviews. To illustrate the use of observational evidence, we present case examples of systematic reviews in which observational ...
Anglemyer Andrew A Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA, - - 2014
Researchers and organizations often use evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy of a treatment or intervention under ideal conditions. Studies of observational designs are often used to measure the effectiveness of an intervention in 'real world' scenarios. Numerous study designs and modifications of existing designs, including ...
Ortu Eleonora E Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Division of Gnatology; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; Via Vetoio 67100, L'Aquila, - - 2014
The aim of this article is to elucidate the state of the art about how rapid maxillary expansion (RME) produces changes in natural head position (NHP) in terms of cephalometric angles or inclinometer data during the growth period, according to the available literature. Electronic search was done from January 2002 ...
Armijo-Olivo Susan S CLEAR (Connecting Leadership and Research) Outcomes Research Program, Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To test the inter-rater reliability of the RoB tool applied to Physical Therapy (PT) trials by comparing ratings from Cochrane review authors with those of blinded external reviewers. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in PT were identified by searching the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for meta-analysis of PT interventions. RoB ...
Zawawi Khalid H KH Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80209, Jeddah 21589, Saudi - - 2014
Aims. To evaluate the role of third molars in the development of crowding or relapse after orthodontic treatment in the anterior segment of the dental arch. Methods. PubMed search of the literature was performed selecting all the articles relevant to the topic and limiting the studies to controlled trials on ...
Chambers Duncan D Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, - - 2014
To identify and critically assess the extent to which systematic reviews of enhanced recovery programmes for patients undergoing colorectal surgery differ in their methodology and reported estimates of effect. Review of published systematic reviews. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects ...
Amos Andrew J AJ School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Queensland, - - 2014
Objective: The early intervention in psychosis literature has recently appropriated clinical terms with etiologic implications such as staging and pluripotent from the oncology literature without adopting the methodological rigor of oncology research. Oncology research maintains this rigor, among other methods, by examining the literature for evidence of bias and spin, ...
Hopewell Sally S Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, UK Centre d'Epidémiologie Clinique, Université Paris Descartes, INSERM U1153, France - - 2014
To investigate the effectiveness of open peer review as a mechanism to improve the reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical journals. Retrospective before and after study. BioMed Central series medical journals. 93 primary reports of randomised trials published in BMC-series medical journals in 2012. Changes to the reporting of ...
- - 2013
Adult idiopathic isolated ACTH deficiency (AIIAD) is an underestimated disorder which is frequently misdiagnosed. We presented 3 new Chinese AIIAD cases, summarized their clinical characteristics and analyzed the available literature. Three cases of AIIAD managed in Chinese PLA General Hospital during the period 1998-2003 were retrospectively identified. We have collected ...
Cundy Thomas P TP Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2013
An estimated 140 pregnancies are diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in Australia and New Zealand each year, with these fetuses having a less than even chance of 1-year survival. Fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a relatively new technique that offers a prenatal interventional strategy for selective cases of ...
Yepes Eliana E Department of Orthodontics, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Envigado, - - 2013
Background:The facemask is used to treat early class III malocclusion, in combination with expansion therapy. There is a great deal of controversy in literature regarding the effectiveness of protraction facemask treatment as studies report results anywhere from considerable changes to lack of any maxillary improvement. This controversy may be due ...
Prete Marcella M Internal Medicine Unit, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology (DIMO), University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy. - - 2013
Severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is rarely observed as the initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and the diagnosis is often delayed. Here we present the case of a 32-year-old woman with severe PAH as the initial manifestation of SLE, who was successfully treated with mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine. ...
Zhang Jun-Huai JH Stroke Clinical Research Unit, Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, PR - - 2014
Background: We aimed to systematically overview published systematic reviews and meta-analyses in order to identify whether and when acupuncture is an effective treatment for stroke and stroke-related disorders. We also hoped to identify the best directions for future research in this area. Methods: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled ...
Paul Mical M Unit of Infectious Diseases, Ramabm Health Care Campus, Haifa, - - 2013
Systematic reviews attempt to answer a defined question or hypothesis through structured review of the evidence with a methodology that is pre-defined in a study protocol. Meta-analysis is merely the statistical method used to compile effect estimates from individual studies. Labelling studies as "meta-analysis" is a misnomer as would be ...
Le Crystal P - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report the clinical features, patient demographics, management, and outcomes of a series of patients with orbital solitary fibrous tumors (OSFTs) and provide a review of the English literature describing this rare entity. Design: A review of patient demographics, clinical presentations, imaging, histopathology, surgical management, and outcomes were ...
Ghogomu Elizabeth A T - - 2013
The Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group (CMSG), one of 53 groups of the not-for-profit, international Cochrane Collaboration, prepares, maintains, and disseminates systematic reviews of treatments for musculoskeletal diseases. It is important that authors conducting CMSG reviews and the readers of our reviews be aware of and use updated, state-of-the-art systematic review methodology. ...
Bergenholtz Gunnar G Varsaparken, Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
This systematic review assesses the effect of methods commonly used to manage the pulp in cases of deep caries lesions, and the extent the pulp chamber remains uninfected and does not cause pulpal or periapical inflammatory lesions and associated tooth-ache over time. An electronic literature search included the databases PubMed, ...
Girard P - - 2013
Up to 15% of all patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) receive an inferior vena cava filter, and prophylactic placements are increasing. To determine whether current use of filters is based on robust evidence, a global review of the recent (2001-2012) literature on filters was undertaken. The MEDLINE database was searched ...
Jessop F A - - 2013
This study was conducted to determine the frequency of pre-defined clinical outcomes in relation to umbilical cord coiling indices >90th percentile and <10th percentile in an unselected population of >1,000 women with a singleton pregnancy resulting in livebirth delivering at or near term and to report these findings in the ...
Beals Corey - - 2014
Hibernomas are rare benign soft tissue tumors that are included in the broad spectrum of lipomatous neoplasms. The tumors are derived of brown fat, and the clinical and imaging presentation can mimic other neoplastic conditions. We discuss a 20-year experience at a single academic institution to define the clinical presentation, ...
Ntala Chara - - 2013
There are concerns about the reporting quality of asthma trials. To describe the reporting of contemporary asthma trials and to identify factors associated with better reporting quality. Two reviewers independently searched MEDLINE for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of asthma published between January 2010 and July 2012 in leading generalist and ...
Ismail Rehab - - 2013
In clinical trials, the selection of appropriate outcomes is crucial for the assessment of whether one intervention is better than another. Selection of inappropriate outcomes can compromise the utility of a trial. However, the process of selecting the most suitable outcomes to include can be complex. Ideally, glaucoma trials aim ...
Solomon Richard - - 2013
Kidney injury following the administration of iodinated contrast media occurs particularly in patients with reduced kidney and cardiac function and when large doses of contrast are used. There is little compelling evidence that vasodilators and anti-oxidants prevent this injury. Most prevention trials have employed intravenous volume loading as a central ...
Smith Valerie - - 2013
research on intrapartum interventions in maternity care has focused traditionally on the identification of risk factors' and on the reduction of adverse outcomes with less attention given to the measurement of factors that contribute to well-being and positive health outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of reviews to determine the ...
Mann Peter C - - 2013
Pathology Working Groups (PWG) are a specialized form of review consisting of a panel of expert pathologists who provide an independent, unbiased assessment of specific questions concerning study results. PWGs may concentrate on pivotal studies with controversial end points, address questions that are of concern to a regulatory agency, or ...
Ploumis Avraam - - 2013
Heterotopic ossification is a pathological process characterized by abnormal formation of bone in nonskeletal tissue. Radiotherapy for heterotopic ossification of the elbow is questionable because of possible adverse effects. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in MEDLINE, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, National Institute for Health and Clinical ...
Munk Louise - - 2013
Emergence delirium (ED) is a well-known phenomenon in the postoperative period. However, the literature concerning this clinical problem is limited. This review evaluates the literature with respect to epidemiology and risk factors. Treatment strategies are discussed. The review concludes that there is a need for guidelines concerning diagnosis and treatment ...
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