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Vrablik Michael E ME Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
The diagnostic accuracy of emergency department (ED) ocular ultrasonography may be sufficient for diagnosing retinal detachment. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ED ocular ultrasonography for the diagnosis of retinal detachment. This review conformed to the recommendations from the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology ...
Conde-Taboada A A Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systematic reviews -the most comprehensive type of literature review-should be taken into account before a clinical trial or a narrative review on a topic is undertaken. The objective of this study was to describe the use of systematic reviews in clinical trials and narrative reviews in dermatology. This was a ...
O'Brart David P S DP Keratoconus Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, St. Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim was to review the published literature on corneal collagen cross-linking. The emphasis was on the seminal publications, systemic reviews, meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials. Where such an evidence did not exist, selective large series cohort studies, case controlled studies and case series with follow-up preferably greater than 12 ...
Mowat Alex E AE Greenslopes Gynecology and Obstetrics Group, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder, commonly affecting girls around the menarche, which manifests clinically as recurrent episodes of angioedema. Laryngeal edema can lead to asphyxiation and death. Traditionally hormones have been avoided in the management due a reported association with flares in the literature. This case ...
Lamers Ilse I REVAL - Rehabilitation Research Institute, BIOMED - Biomedical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To provide an overview of applied upper limb outcome measures in MS, according to the ICF levels and review their psychometric properties in MS. Pubmed and Web of Knowledge. Articles published until June 2013 were selected when written in English, published in the last 25 years, peer-reviewed, including more than ...
Rajasekharan S S Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Special Care, PaeCaMeD Research, Dental School, P8, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University, UZ Ghent, 1P8, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Biodentine™ is a new version of calcium silicate-based inorganic cement. The aim of this review is to provide a detailed analysis of the physical and biological properties of Biodentine™ and to compare these properties with those of other tricalcium silicate cements viz. mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Bioaggregate™ (Bioaggregate). A ...
Busse Jason W JW Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, HSC-2U1, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1; The Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Pain Research and Care, McMaster University, MDCL 2101, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess English-speaking reviewers' accuracy in determining the eligibility of foreign-language articles for a systematic review. Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of therapy for fibromyalgia. Guided by 10 questions, English-speaking reviewers screened non-English-language articles for eligibility. Teams of two native-language speakers provided reference standard judgments of eligibility. Of 15,466 ...
Doblin Rick R Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, Santa Cruz, CA, - - 2014
Parrott recently published a review of literature on MDMA/ecstasy. This commentary is a response to the content and tenor of his review, which mischaracterizes the literature through misstatement and omission of contrary findings, and fails to address the central controversies in the literature. The review makes several erroneous statements concerning ...
Blom Jan Dirk JD Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, and Groningen - - 2014
This paper provides an overview and critical reassessment of the cases of clinical lycanthropy reported in the medical literature from 1850 onwards. Out of 56 original case descriptions of metamorphosis into an animal, only 13 fulfilled the criteria of clinical lycanthropy proper. The remaining cases constituted variants of the overarching ...
Wei Leslie A LA *Department of Ophthalmology, Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery Service, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado; †Department of Ophthalmology, Oculoplastic, Facial Cosmetic, and Orbital Surgery Service, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; ‡Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.; §Oculoplastics and Orbit Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; ‖Oculoplastics Division, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.; On leave of absence from the ¶Craniofacial Unit of the Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto-University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; and #Department of Ophthalmology, Oculoplastics, Lacrimal, and Orbital Surgery Service, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
This study reviews the clinical presentation and management of 11 cases of sino-orbital osteoma. The medical records of patients with primary (originating from orbital bone) and secondary (originating from the paranasal sinuses) orbital osteoma from the academic practices of 4 surgeons (A.V.C., M.J.L., P.J.D., V.D.D.) were reviewed for clinical presentation ...
Murray Elizabeth - - 2014
PURPOSE To present a systematic review of single case experimental treatment studies for childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). METHOD A search of nine databases was used to find peer-reviewed treatment articles from 1970 to 2012 of all levels of evidence with published communication outcomes for children with CAS. Improvement rate ...
Bigby Michael M Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2014
A systematic review is a summary of existing evidence that answers a specific clinical question, contains a thorough, unbiased search of the relevant literature, explicit criteria for assessing studies and structured presentation of the results. A systematic review that incorporates quantitative pooling of similar studies to produce an overall summary ...
Meher S S Department of Women and Children's Health, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK; Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
The inappropriate and inconsistent selection of primary outcomes (POs) in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) can make evidence difficult to interpret, limiting its usefulness to inform clinical practice. To systematically review the choice and consistency of POs in RCTs and SRs of preventative interventions for preterm birth. ...
Cohen-Mansfield Jiska J Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel-Aviv, Israel George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
This paper challenges the assumptions underlying many reviews and offers alternative criteria for examining evidence for nonpharmacological interventions. We evaluated 27 reviews examining interventions for persons with dementia as they relate to the issues of selection based on randomized controlled trial (RCT) design. Reviews were described by type of intervention, ...
Lehmen Jeff A JA ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St. Boston MA 02115 &OV0556;Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St. Boston MA 02114 ¥Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Ave. Boston MA - - 2014
Study Design. Systematic ReviewObjective. It was the current study's purpose to perform a comparison of RCT abstracts and manuscripts published in recent spinal literature.Summary of Background Data. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) represent the gold standard upon which evidence-based treatment decisions are made. Inconsistencies between an abstract and manuscript can mislead ...
Isaacs David D Department of Infectious Diseases & Microbiology, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Doctors quote lack of time and lack of knowledge as major obstacles to searching the literature for evidence. This article argues that it is possible to do a literature search in 10-15 minutes with little specialist knowledge, using the Clinical Queries option of Medline (PubMed). PubMed is a free, user ...
Terezakis Stephanie A SA Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
Pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable malignancy and potential long-term effects of therapy need to be considered in optimizing clinical care. An expert panel was convened to reach consensus on the most appropriate approach to evaluation and treatment of pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria ...
Ayeni O R OR Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
This systematic review explored reported outcomes addressing femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), specifically those comparing labral debridement to labral repair. In addition, the quality of the evidence was evaluated for the purposes of making treatment recommendations. Three databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed) were searched for comparative studies involving labral repair and debridement ...
Miller Andrew C AC Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of thoracic injuries resulting from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not well characterized. We describe a case in which a CPR-associated atrial rupture was identified with ultrasound and successfully managed in the intensive care unit with a bedside thoracotomy and atrial repair. We then describe a systematic review with ...
Pilz Walmari W Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
A systematic review was conducted to investigate the pathophysiology of and diagnostic procedures for oropharyngeal dysphagia in myotonic dystrophy (MD). The electronic databases Embase, PubMed, and The Cochrane Library were used. The search was limited to English, Dutch, French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese publications. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria. ...
Main B G BG School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, - - 2014
Accurate evaluation of radical radiotherapy requires well designed research with valid and appropriate outcomes. This study reviewed standards of outcome reporting and study design in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of radiation-based therapy for esophageal cancer and made recommendations for future work. Randomized controlled trials reporting outcomes of definitive radiation-based treatment ...
Hoffmann Tammy - - 2014
A complete description of the intervention in a published trial report is necessary for readers to be able to use the intervention, yet the completeness of intervention descriptions in trials is very poor. Low awareness of the issue by authors, reviewers, and editors is part of the cause and providing ...
Grellety T T Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Bergonié, Regional Comprehensive Cancer Centre, - - 2014
Phase II trials represent an essential step in the development of anticancer drugs. This study assesses the quality of their reporting in highly ranked oncology journals, investigates predictive factors of quality, and proposes reporting guidelines. We reviewed the table of contents of all volumes of eight peer-reviewed oncology journals published ...
De Pauw Joke J Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, - - 2014
Cervical dystonia is a form of adult-onset, focal dystonia characterized by involuntary contractions of the neck muscles, leading to a disabling, abnormal head posture. CD has a great impact on the activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life. Currently, the most widely used and recommended first line treatment ...
Roberts Derek J - - 2014
Although health care providers utilize classically described signs and symptoms to diagnose tension pneumothorax, available literature sources differ in their descriptions of its clinical manifestations. Moreover, while the clinical manifestations of tension pneumothorax have been suggested to differ among subjects of varying respiratory status, it remains unknown if these differences ...
Morawska Magdalena M BioMed Central, Floor 6, 236 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8HB, UK. - - 2014
The editors of BMC Clinical Pathology would like to thank all of our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).
Kim Kun Hyung KH Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South - - 2014
High-quality reporting of treatment details can aid replication of study results in real-world clinical practice. The Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) is a reporting guideline for key elements of acupuncture interventions in clinical trials. This study used STRICTA to investigate whether Cochrane reviews of acupuncture ...
Fan Fang-Fang FF Department of Pharmacy, The Affiliated Traditional Medical Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, - - 2014
Due to language limitations, little is known about the reporting quality of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine (CJITWM). In this study, we utilized the CONSORT 2010 statement to understand ...
Mahlknecht Ulrich U Department for Internal Medicine - Hematology/Oncology, St, Lukas Klinik, Solingen, Germany. - - 2014
The Editors of Clinical Epigenetics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 5 (2013).
Voilette Philippe D PD Department of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Accurate reporting of complications is an essential component to critical appraisal and innovation in surgery and specifically with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We review the evolution of complication reporting for PCNL and suggest future directions for innovation. A selective review was carried out using Pubmed. Key search terms and their combinations ...
Bafeta Aïda A Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Centre d'Epidémiologie Clinique, INSERM U1153, Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, 75004 Paris, - - 2014
To examine how the results of network meta-analyses are reported. Methodological systematic review of published reports of network meta-analyses. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Medline, and Embase, searched from inception to 12 July 2012. All network meta-analyses comparing the clinical efficacy of three ...
Salemis Nikolaos S NS Department of Surgery, Army General Hospital, Athens, Greece, - - 2014
Multifocal soft tissue sarcoma is a rare clinical entity occurring in 1% of patients with extremity soft tissue sarcoma and in 4.5% of patients with liposarcoma. Multifocal disease may arise either synchronously or metachronously and has been associated with poor prognosis. Herein, we have described a rare case of metachronous ...
Latifi Rifat R Professor of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona; President and Founder, International Virtual e-Hospital Foundation, Tucson, Arizona; Surgery Consultant International, PLLC, Tucson, Arizona; Adjunct Professor of Clinical Surgery, Weil Cornell Medical College, Doha, - - 2014
Telemedicine and advanced technologies that ensure telepresence have become common practice and are an effective way of providing healthcare services. The authors conducted a traditional narrative review of English literature through search engines (Medline, Pub Med, Embase, and Science Direct) using mesh terms "telemedicine," "telepresence," "earthquake," "disaster," "natural disaster," and ...
Nascimento Leonard Euler Andrade Gomes - - 2014
To verify, by means of a systematic review, whether the design of brackets (conventional or self-ligating) influences adhesion and formation of Streptococcus mutans colonies. Search strategy: four databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid ALL EMB Reviews, PubMed and BIREME) were selected to search for relevant articles covering the ...
van Luijk Judith J SYRCLE - Central Animal Laboratory, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the - - 2014
The methodological quality of animal studies is an important factor hampering the translation of results from animal studies to a clinical setting. Systematic reviews of animal studies may provide a suitable method to assess and thereby improve their methodological quality. The aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate the ...
Singh Rashmi Roshan RR Department of Paediatric Surgery, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Littre's hernia is a rare clinical entity. The presence of a Littre's hernia in a 2-year-old boy with an impalpable testis is even rarer. We describe this interesting case with a review of the literature.
O'Neil Maya - - 2014
Systematic reviews of healthcare interventions most often focus on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, certain circumstances warrant consideration of observational evidence, and such studies are increasingly being included as evidence in systematic reviews. To illustrate the use of observational evidence, we present case examples of systematic reviews in which observational ...
Anglemyer Andrew A Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA, - - 2014
Researchers and organizations often use evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy of a treatment or intervention under ideal conditions. Studies of observational designs are often used to measure the effectiveness of an intervention in 'real world' scenarios. Numerous study designs and modifications of existing designs, including ...
Ortu Eleonora E Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences; Division of Gnatology; Dental Clinic; University of L'Aquila; Via Vetoio 67100, L'Aquila, - - 2014
The aim of this article is to elucidate the state of the art about how rapid maxillary expansion (RME) produces changes in natural head position (NHP) in terms of cephalometric angles or inclinometer data during the growth period, according to the available literature. Electronic search was done from January 2002 ...
Armijo-Olivo Susan S CLEAR (Connecting Leadership and Research) Outcomes Research Program, Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To test the inter-rater reliability of the RoB tool applied to Physical Therapy (PT) trials by comparing ratings from Cochrane review authors with those of blinded external reviewers. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in PT were identified by searching the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for meta-analysis of PT interventions. RoB ...
Zawawi Khalid H KH Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80209, Jeddah 21589, Saudi - - 2014
Aims. To evaluate the role of third molars in the development of crowding or relapse after orthodontic treatment in the anterior segment of the dental arch. Methods. PubMed search of the literature was performed selecting all the articles relevant to the topic and limiting the studies to controlled trials on ...
Chambers Duncan D Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, - - 2014
To identify and critically assess the extent to which systematic reviews of enhanced recovery programmes for patients undergoing colorectal surgery differ in their methodology and reported estimates of effect. Review of published systematic reviews. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects ...
Hopewell Sally S Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, UK Centre d'Epidémiologie Clinique, Université Paris Descartes, INSERM U1153, France - - 2014
To investigate the effectiveness of open peer review as a mechanism to improve the reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical journals. Retrospective before and after study. BioMed Central series medical journals. 93 primary reports of randomised trials published in BMC-series medical journals in 2012. Changes to the reporting of ...
Amos Andrew J AJ School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Queensland, - - 2014
The early intervention in psychosis literature has recently appropriated clinical terms with etiologic implications such as staging and pluripotent from the oncology literature without adopting the methodological rigor of oncology research. Oncology research maintains this rigor, among other methods, by examining the literature for evidence of bias and spin, which ...
Zhou Jing J Department of Acupuncture, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this protocol is to provide the methods used to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease. We will search the following electronic databases: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Medical Current Contents and ...
Miguelino Eric S ES a California Department of Public Health , Sacramento , California , - - 2014
ABSTRACT This review summarizes available information on the penetration of pesticides through single-layer clothing by pesticide handlers and introduces epidemiological and observational studies on pesticide exposure. The data for this report were taken from peer-reviewed articles, publicly available government reports, and publicly available government reviews of registrant-submitted data and information. ...
Dhir Mashaal M Department of Surgery, Surgical Oncology, 986345 University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-6345, - - 2014
Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans (DFSP) is a rare skin tumor, characterized by frequent local recurrence but is seldom metastatic. It is histologically characterized by storiform arrangement of spindle cells. Cytogenetically, most tumors are characterized by translocation 17:22 leading to overexpression of tyrosine kinase PDGFB which can be targeted with tyrosine kinase inhibitor, ...
Robertson Josh - - 2014
Increasing data and anecdotal operational reports are supporting the early, aggressive, prehospital application of tourniquets in potentially life-threatening extremity trauma. Especially in the civilian urban setting where transport times are short, the benefit in terms of lives saved far outweighs the potential risk to the extremity. The popular press has ...
- - 2013
Adult idiopathic isolated ACTH deficiency (AIIAD) is an underestimated disorder which is frequently misdiagnosed. We presented 3 new Chinese AIIAD cases, summarized their clinical characteristics and analyzed the available literature. Three cases of AIIAD managed in Chinese PLA General Hospital during the period 1998-2003 were retrospectively identified. We have collected ...
Cundy Thomas P TP Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2013
An estimated 140 pregnancies are diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in Australia and New Zealand each year, with these fetuses having a less than even chance of 1-year survival. Fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) is a relatively new technique that offers a prenatal interventional strategy for selective cases of ...
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