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Results 551 - 600 of 928
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Litvyakova L I - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND CONCLUSION: A case of a 41-year-old patient with a 5-year history of chronic recurrent angioedema, refractory to conservative treatment is presented. The results of the case report suggest that in differential diagnosis of angioedema, in addition to usual causes, the allergist-immunologist needs to consider Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, which can ...
Ayache D - - 2000
Microangiopathy of the inner ear, retina, and brain was first described in 1979 by John O. Susac. Since then, approximately 60 cases have been reported. Otolaryngologists must be aware of this syndrome, in which cochleovestibular symptoms are an important part of the diagnosis. In this article, we report a new ...
Barakat K - - 2000
Although transvenous pacing is a safe treatment modality for bradyarrhythmias, serious thrombotic and embolic complications are reported to occur in 0.6-3.5% of cases. We describe 5 cases of pacemaker-associated thrombosis, 3 with a superior vena cava syndrome (SVC), 1 with an axillary vein thrombosis and 1 with a thrombus attached ...
Danon O - - 2000
Rhombencephalosynapsis is an unfrequent malformation of the posterior fossa essentially characterized by vermian agenesis or hypogenesis, fusion of the cerebellar hemispheres and fusion of the dentate nuclei. Supratentorial abnormalities are usually associated. No specific clinical syndrome can be described in relation with this disorder. We report a case diagnosed by ...
Kay V J - - 2000
This paper reports on the successful treatment by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) of a couple in whom the male partner had Kartagener's syndrome. His spermatozoa were severely asthenozoospermic with deficient dynein arms and disordered microtubular configuration. On computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) motile spermatozoa displayed straight non-progressive motility with minimal amplitude of ...
Khanine V - - 2000
Osteoporosis is a common complication of Cushing's disease/syndrome. Fractures can be the presenting manifestation. We report two cases and review 28 others from the literature. Clinical, laboratory, and absorptiometry data are reviewed; the vertebrae and ribs were the most common fracture sites, and osteoporosis reversal after treatment varied with age, ...
Gmyrek R - - 1999
SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) is an acronym that describes a seronegative syndrome of bone and joint lesions, frequently localized to the anterior chest wall, associated with variable dermatologic manifestations. Dermatologists should be aware of this entity, as early diagnosis can prevent unnecessary surgery and avoid prolonged ineffective ...
Jarrell L - - 1999
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common yet potentially fatal disorder. Several reports and clinical studies have established anesthetic-related occurrences of near-fatal respiratory complications in persons with this syndrome, as well as cases of death reported in the medical literature linking OSAS and anesthesia. The postoperative period is a ...
Cooper M E - - 1999
The presentation of posterior ankle pain in any patient poses a diagnostic dilemma. The os trigonum syndrome and flexor hallucis longus stenosing tenosynovitis have been reported to occur in professional and amateur ballet dancers. It is important to consider these diagnoses in a patient who is not a dancer, as ...
Carhuapoma J R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There are anecdotal reports of the rare combination of Sneddon's syndrome, lupus anticoagulant, and Moyamoya. To our knowledge, we now report the first case of anticardiolipin antibodies, Sneddon's syndrome, and Moyamoya. METHODS: Case-report and systematic literature review. RESULTS: A 37-year-old woman had 31/2 years of recurrent left-sided sensory-motor symptoms. ...
Dalshaug G B - - 1999
The Rapunzel syndrome (trichobezoar) occurs when gastrointestinal obstruction is produced by a rare manifestation of a trichobezoar with a long tail that extends to or beyond the ileocecal valve. A case history of a 7-year-old girl is described. This is the eleventh patient with Rapunzel syndrome reported in the literature. ...
Saed G - - 1999
Factitious hemoptysis is the bleeding type of Munchausen's syndrome, rarely reported in the literature (only seventeen cases). After a careful and detailed literature review, the authors report the case of a 22-year-old working-woman, with a history of asthma, Mediterranean anaemia and recurrent hemoptysis, who was admitted several times to the ...
Erk A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Persistent müllerian duct syndrome is a rare form of male pseudohermaphroditism in which well-developed müllerian structures are present in an otherwise normal male with XY chromosomes. The syndrome was first described by Nilson in 1939, and almost 100 cases have been reported. CASE: A 22-year-old man presented with mild, ...
Hayashi H - - 1999
We propose a new term, the "fourth-compartment syndrome" to describe chronic dorsal wrist pain of the fourth compartment. Five main causes responsible for this syndrome are thought to be as follows: 1. Ganglion involvement, including an occult ganglion; 2. Extensor digitorum brevis manus muscle; 3. Abnormal extensor indicis muscle; 4. ...
Shah R - - 1999
Inhalant withdrawal symptoms have previously been described but not well documented. This case-series describes the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of nine children and adolescents with gasoline abuse. Gasoline inhalation was the drug of choice in our patients. The mean age was 13.6 years and all the subjects belonged to low ...
Apak R A - - 1999
Paroxysmal tonic upgaze of childhood is a rare, distinctive, childhood syndrome that may be associated with ataxia and sometimes strabismus or amblyopia. Neurological examination as well as metabolic studies, electroencephalogram and neuroradiological investigations are normal in these patients. Although it has been considered as an age-related, dopa-sensitive dystonia, the exact ...
Nakamura K - - 1999
The cardinal feature of Maffucci syndrome is the coexistence of enchondromatosis and vascular anomalies. The patients are usually normal at birth, the disease becoming evident at any time up to puberty. Association of soft-tissue swelling has been described in this syndrome but has not been listed as a sign or ...
Onrust S - - 1999
Maternal mortality in developed countries does not seem to have decreased during the past decade, despite good prenatal care. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the main cause of maternal mortality in most countries. In more than half of these cases, the HELLP syndrome is involved. In this article attention is ...
Picco P - - 1999
We report a series of 22 children with idiopathic, drug unrelated erythema nodosum (EN) admitted to our Department. In 5 of them an history of streptococcal pharyngitis was referred; the remaining patients came to us with a diagnosis of "EN of unknown origin". Acute phase reactants, immunoglobulins, stool alpha1 antitrypsin, ...
Clarke D - - 1998
Six people with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) who developed psychoses are described. Along with other literature reviewed in the present paper, the results imply an association between PWS and psychotic symptoms. Genetic studies were possible in five cases and SNRPN expression was examined in three cases. Maternal uniparental disomy and 15q11q13 ...
Haasbeek J F - - 1998
This report recounts an unusual case of compartment syndrome of the leg and foot resulting from hanging on the side of a toddler's bed in a 11/2-year-old boy. Parents apparently found the patient on the side of the bed in the morning. Presentation to hospital revealed obvious tense compartments of ...
Yokoyama W - - 1998
We report the first case of the syndrome of periodic adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and vasopressin (ADH) discharge associated with focal glomerulosclerosis. Approximately 30 cases of this syndrome have so far been reported in Japan, but no cases associated with renal dysfunction have yet been reported. The patient, a 10-year-old Japanese boy, ...
Hoshino T - - 1998
We present a case of prune belly syndrome in a 12-week fetus whose previous anomaly scan at 10 weeks had been normal. The ultrasound diagnosis was based on the findings of a lower abdominal cystic echo caused by abnormal dilatation of the bladder. Termination was performed at 14 weeks and ...
Reade B - - 1998
There are various osseous pathologies that afflict the tarsal navicular. These range from stress fractures and coalitions to overt fractures. In certain instances there is an interruption of its vascular supply. If this occurs in childhood, it is called Koehler's disease. Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the navicular in the adult is ...
Harrison M - - 1998
A case is described in which a child appeared for evaluation with marked gingival overgrowth, facial dysmorphism, and abdominal defects consistent with prune-belly syndrome. The relationship between this case and other reports of gingival enlargement are discussed. Coincidence of the oral, facial, and abdominal abnormalities has not been previously reported.
Wilson C - - 1998
We report on two sibs with high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration (VRD), and occipital encephalocoele or scalp lesion. We review the literature on Knobloch syndrome, discuss possible causes, and suggest a possible involvement of mesoderm in the morphogenesis. One case presents with very early onset of severe eye disease, whereas the ...
Burnstein Y - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report a case of glaucomatocyclitic crisis (Posner-Schlossman syndrome) in a child. METHOD: Case report. A 13-year-old boy presented with decreased vision, photophobia, halos, and pain in the right eye. RESULT: Findings in this child were consistent with a diagnosis of Posner-Schlossman syndrome. CONCLUSION: Glaucomatocyclitic crisis can occur in ...
Assumpcão Júnior F B - - 1998
The author described a male patient, age 13 years and 5 months, with behavioral profile meeting the criteria of the autistic syndrome by the DSM-III-R (APA, 1989) and DSM-IV (APA, 1995). After clinical and laboratory examinations, it was found that he had an abnormal karyotype, 46 XY, R(22). The need ...
Grossmann E - - 1998
The authors analyzed, through a review of the literature, Eagle's Syndrome which is a complex entity which presents common symptoms varying from an aching sensation in the throat to dysphagia and pain when rotating the head. Diagnosis and treatment are the main topics discussed relative to this abnormality which involves ...
McTaggart S J - - 1998
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome secondary to infection with neuraminidase producing Streptococcus pneumoniae is well recognised, but was previously considered to be rare. This case report describes the course of a 9-month-old male with pneumococcal pneumonia, T activation and haemolytic uraemic syndrome. The clinical features of three other cases treated in Southeast ...
Goldfarb J - - 1998
Munchausen syndrome by proxy is a form of abuse, usually of a child by a parent, in which a factitious illness is reported or produced in the child, resulting in unnecessary medical evaluations and treatments. A dramatic case of a 17-month-old infant with recurrent polymicrobial bacteremia prompted a review of ...
Pinnola G C - - 1998
Terson's syndrome is characterized by the presence of a subarachnoid hemorrhage accompanied by retinal and vitreous hemorrhage leading to a not very favorable prognosis. We describe a case with a good outcome, probably because of a early diagnosis and medical intervention. We emphasize the routine optician's check up as very ...
Ruscazio M - - 1998
We present the clinical and postmortem findings of the first photographically documented case of asplenia and interrupted inferior vena cava and the anatomic findings of 5 previously reported cases. A brief review of the various hereditary patterns of visceral situs abnormalities suggests that, at least in some cases, the asplenia ...
Witztum E - - 1998
A case report is presented of a koro-like syndrome in a 34-year-old Bedouin man living in the Negev desert in Israel. The patient's disturbance is accompanied by voyeurism and the onset appears to be related to his sexual practices. This is the first reported case among Bedouins, who are an ...
Chabchoub A - - 1998
The author report a new case of the syndrome described by Antley and Bixler. It concerns a female new-born who presents a craniosynostosis with brachycephaly, midface hypoplasia, unilateral choanal atresia, multiple joint contractures and arachnodactyly. There was no bowing of the femora and only the radius and the ulna were ...
Recupero S M - - 1998
The association of Sturge-Weber syndrome with naevus of Ota is an infrequently reported phenomenon and there are only four previously described cases in the literature. In this paper we briefly review the literature regarding the coexistence of vascular and pigmentary naevi and present an additional patient with the association of ...
Anderson C A - - 1998
A woman developed the delusional syndrome of erotomania 4 years after subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured basilar artery aneurysm. The authors review the literature on erotomania in association with neurologic and medical conditions. Although no cause-and-effect relationship can be established between the neurologic event and erotomania in this patient, the ...
Yetkin I - - 1998
The case of a 21-year-old woman with findings consistent with Costello syndrome (CS) is reported. Most previously reported cases of CS were in young children. In addition to the classic features, the patient had endocrine disturbances including secondary amenorrhea, goiter, and adrenal insufficiency. This last abnormality may be the cause ...
Viera A J - - 1997
Using an illustrative case, this report reviews the entity of primary upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis, also known as Paget-Schroetter syndrome. The entity of Paget-Schroetter syndrome is important to military physicians because of its occurrence in young, healthy, active individuals such as those in our active duty population. A review of ...
Pandolfi C - - 1997
Vascular damage is a well known cause of hypopituitarism since Sheehan's report of postpartum pituitary necrosis; it has subsequently been reported that also sickle-cell anemia, eclampsia, pituitary apoplexy and other pathologies may induce failure of the anterior hypophysis through this mechanism. The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by widespread arterial ...
Pirayesh A - - 1997
Vasculitis in patients with the myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a rare phenomenon. We describe a patient who presented with necrotic lesions of his toes, which proved to be the result of immune complex mediated vasculitis. This unusual combination of vasculitis and MDS prompted us to review the literature. Forty-four cases ...
Ak┼čit S - - 1997
We describe the clinical features of Robinow syndrome in the children of four Turkish couples. All the patients had cardinal features of this condition, such as short stature, frontal bossing, hypertelorism, short upturned nose with anteverted nares, micrognathia, mesomelic shortening of the forearms, vertebral and costal anomalies and hypoplastic genitalia. ...
Stabile B E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The 1955 landmark publication by Zollinger and Ellison characterized the gastrinoma syndrome and presented a hypothesis for the pancreatic endocrine origin of the gastric hypersecretion and dramatic ulcer diathesis. METHODS: A detailed review of the literature was conducted to ascertain the clinical and pathologic spectrum of gastrinoma reported prior ...
Dams E T - - 1997
Investigation of the cytokine profile in a 26-year-old man, suffering from combined immunodeficiency with hypereosinophilia, revealed high levels of interleukin-4 and interleukin-5 and relatively low levels of interleukin-2 and interferon gamma, consistent with a T-helper type 2 pattern, as has been reported in Omenn's syndrome. However, some distinct clinical and ...
Kaufmann K - - 1997
Apert Syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis, bilateral syndactyly, and midfacial hypoplasia. Although it was first described by Wheaton in 1894, it was first diagnosed prenatally only a decade ago-with only five cases reported in the literature. A sixth case is reported here. Prenatal diagnosis of Apert syndrome is reviewed.
Dabrowski G P - - 1997
Takayasu's arteritis, also known as pulseless disease, is an unusual cause of symptomatic peripheral vascular disease. It was first reported in 1908 by a Japanese ophthalmologist who described retinal arteriovenous shunts which appeared in a wreath-like distribution around the optic disc and microaneurysms of the retinal vessels in a 19-year-old ...
Ramina R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Our objective was to study the diagnosis and management of this rare condition. A review of the literature concerning chondrosarcomas related to Maffucci's syndrome is reported. Cause and management are discussed. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report a case of Maffucci's syndrome associated with a cranial base chondrosarcoma. To ...
Blackburn W D WD - - 1997
The term eosinophilia myalgia syndrome (EMS) was coined in 1989 after a cluster of cases with symptoms of incapacitating myalgias and eosinophilia were reported. This syndrome has been only defined as varying degrees of myalgias and peripheral eosinophilia. Case reports of EMS are protean and do not show a consistent ...
Cullen A - - 1997
The Marshall-Smith syndrome is characterised by a triad of facial dysmorphism, failure to thrive and accelerated osseous maturation. We report a further case of this rare syndrome with the unusual but previously reported complication of laryngeal hypoplasia and review the associated laryngeal anomalies that have been reported to date. Severe ...
Grateau G - - 1997
We report nine cases of haemophagocytic syndrome (HS) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection, and review the 17 cases described to date in the literature. In 21 of 26 cases, HS developed during an advanced stage of immunodeficiency. Clinical and haematological signs are not specific in this setting, and ...
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