Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 966
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Kobus Christian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Situs inversus (SI) is a rare autosomal recessive congenital defect in which the position of abdominal and/or thoracic organs is a "mirror image" of the normal one, in the sagittal plain. In 25% of these cases, SI is part of the Kartagener syndrome, together with bronchiectasis and chronic sinusitis. ...
Bloor R N - - 2004
A case is presented of a patient who described a koro-like syndrome related to amfetamine use; this consisted of a perception that his penis had reduced in size and was at risk of being sucked into his body. He described this as Whizz-Dick. This condition was also reported independently by ...
Reid Sandra D - - 2004
Tardive Tourette syndrome has been reported as a rare complication of neuroleptic treatment. This report describes the first case of neuroleptic-induced tardive Tourette syndrome in the Latin Americas and supports the successful treatment of this disorder with clonazepam. The syndrome developed in a female schizophrenic patient who discontinued medication after ...
Barnhart W Jason - - 2004
The authors review the literature pertaining to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)-induced apathy syndrome. A literature search of Medline and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts from 1970 to the present was performed for relevant articles. Twelve relevant case reports and one open-label treatment trial were identified. An amotivational, or apathy, syndrome has ...
Mooney James F JF - - 2004
Compartment syndrome associated with child abuse is unreported in the literature. We describe two cases secondary to lower extremity fractures resulting from child abuse. The diagnosis and management of compartment syndrome are reviewed. Orthopaedic surgeons involved in the care of pediatric patients must be aware of this potentially devastating complication, ...
Klingler Edna Toubes - - 2004
Vital signs are an invaluable diagnostic tool, but in this era of modern medicine and expensive tests, important information obtainable at the patient's bedside is often overlooked. We report an unusual case, Shapiro's syndrome, in which an appreciation of temperature recordings was essential to diagnosis. We review this disorder and ...
Lopez-Cardona M G - - 2004
Myhre syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by low birthweight, short stature, mental retardation, facial dysmorphism (blepharophimosis, midfacial hypoplasia, prognathism), heart anomalies, muscle hypertrophy, decreased joint mobility and deafness. To date 11 male cases and only one female case have been reported. This paper describes the second female case and ...
Wechsler Stephanie Burns - - 2004
Congenital anomalies involving tibial aplasia are rare. Recently, four children with an unusual combination of limb anomalies, facial dysmorphism and genital hypoplasia have been reported. All affected children reported were male. One case noted father to son transmission, implying autosomal dominant inheritance. We report the first female patient with this ...
Alehan Dursun - - 2004
Celiac artery compression syndrome is a rare disorder and characterized by postprandial intestinal angina caused by insufficient blood supply to the gastrointestinal organs in symptomatic patients. This pathology is also known as median arcuate syndrome. The authors report a case of 12-year-old boy with severe celiac artery compression by the ...
Gerwig M - - 2004
We report on two young patients with an encephalitic syndrome and bilateral thalamic lesions following a presumably viral or mycoplasma respiratory tract infection with the main clinical symptoms of organic psychosis in the first and a prolonged amnestic syndrome and ataxia in the second case. Four months later the patients ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Only two previous reports of agenesis of the internal carotid artery with a coexistent Horner's syndrome are to be found in the medical literature. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a male child seen initially for what was presumed to be a traumatic superficial temporal artery aneurysm. MRA ...
Agaba E I - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome occurring for the first time in pregnancy is rare. We report pre-eclampsia presenting with nephrotic syndrome. METHOD: A case report utilizing the case record and review of relevant literature. RESULTS: A 26-year-old multi-gravida who presented with nephrotic syndrome for the first time in pregnancy. Proteinuria resolved spontaneously ...
McVay Carie L - - 2004
There are few cases of splenic infarction associated with antiphospholipid antibody reported in the literature. We present two cases of splenic infarction associated with anticardiolipin antibody, one complicated by the development of a splenic pseudocyst. Clinical diagnostic features of splenic infarction are described. In addition, a review of the literature ...
Takehana Keiko - - 2004
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a potentially fatal disease triggered by general anaesthesia. Four cases of compartment syndrome complicating MH have been reported. We report here a case of transient talipes equinus deformity of bilateral lower limbs, a condition similar to compartment syndrome, following MH in a previously healthy pediatric patient. ...
Radke S - - 2004
Transient bone marrow edema syndrome (TMES) is a rare disease of unknown etiology. Diagnosis is made by exclusion. There is still controversy as to whether TMES is considered to be a reversible form of avascular necrosis (AVN), a disease entity of its own or a form of non-traumatic algodystrophy. We ...
Lee Samson - - 2003
Gorham-Stout syndrome, or disappearing bone disease, is characterized by the proliferation of thin-walled vascular channels associated with regional osteolysis. There have been fewer than 150 cases reported in the literature. In this clinical report, we describe 2 additional cases of Gorham-Stout syndrome affecting the maxillofacial skeleton. We provide a review ...
Elloumi-Jellouli A - - 2003
Trigeminal trophic syndrome, a rare cause of facial ulceration, is the consequence of damage to the trigeminal nerve or its central sensory connections. We report two cases of trigeminal trophic syndrome, complications of cerebral vascular accidents. A 65-year-old woman complained of numerous and progressive ulcers of the right side of ...
Hubbard Melissa - - 2003
Reports of Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome in childhood are extremely rare, as it usually presents in the third or fourth decades. In the only other report of a case diagnosed in early childhood, the child was well at the time of publication. We report on a 15-month-old boy who presented with his ...
Myers B - - 2003
We report on three cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) occurring in patients with myelodysplasia, two with autoimmune manifestations. In two cases the myelodysplasia was diagnosed during the treatment of the GBS, while in the third case the myelodysplasia preceded its diagnosis. We discuss possible underlying mechanisms for the previously unreported ...
Chen Li-hua - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To gain further understanding of the antiphospholipid syndrome(APS). METHODS: Analysing clinical and laboratory data on ten cases of APS. RESULTS: Thrombocytopenia appeared in all cases. Venous thrombi of limbs appeared in five cases and neurological abnormalities in two cases. Renal impairments were found in three cases. One case manifested ...
Memon Sattar A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rapunzel syndrome is a rare condition and occurs when gastric trichobezoar extends beyond the pylorus into the bowel. Till to date, only thirteen such cases have been reported in literature in paediatric age group. We present an additional case and also report the first recurrence of the Rapunzel syndrome ...
Vital Claude - - 2003
The pathogenesis of Crow-Fukase (POEMS) syndrome is not well known, and in some cases, a definite diagnosis is difficult to establish. Nerve fibers have been studied in about 120 peripheral nerve biopsies (PNBs), and a mixture of axonal and demyelinating lesions were found in most of them. We report five ...
Bouw Jans - - 2003
This case report describes the successful perioperative management of a patient with a rare and disabling neurologic disorder, the stiff person syndrome. The patient had a delayed emergence despite apparent full reversal of neuromuscular blockade. We suggest an interaction between the GABAergic effects of baclofen and volatile anesthetics as a ...
Tyagi Seema - - 2003
Cation exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is emerging as the method of choice for the initial screening of thalassemias and haemoglobinopathies and quantification of Haemoglobins (Hbs) like HbA, HbA2 and HbF. Since it is expensive, the present study was conducted to evaluate the need for HPLC in Indian laboratories ...
Tan D Y - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a new form of atypical pneumonia caused by a coronavirus. We present the clinical course and chest radiographic findings of a case of SARS with fatal outcome. CLINICAL PICTURE: A 39-year-old Chinese male presented with fever, sore throat and non-productive cough. During his ...
Mat Cem - - 2003
Stiff skin syndrome (SSS) is a disease similar to scleroderma with an unknown etiology. Stone-hard areas of skin are observed from birth or in early childhood. In this article we describe a 15-year-old girl with skin hardening and limitation of movement. We diagnosed the case as SSS, of which we ...
Oyamada Maria Kiyoko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report on a case of Pfeiffer Syndrome, with a discussion of the diagnostic characteristics and features of disease types and the differential diagnosis. DESCRIPTION: The authors describe a newborn with cloverleaf skull, extreme bilateral exorbitism and choanal atresia, partial syndactyly of the second and third toes and broad ...
Derk Chris T - - 2003
We report a case of Goodpasture-like syndrome developing in a patient who was treated with D-penicillamine for the diffuse form of systemic sclerosis. This unusual pulmonary-renal syndrome has been described on rare occasions in patients receiving D-penicillamine. This complication appeared to be uniformly fatal unless treated with aggressive immunotherapy. We ...
Moore Diana - - 2003
Leukoencephalopathy syndrome is a rare disorder that results from structural alterations of cerebral white matter, is characterized by cerebral edema, and can occur in patients of any age. Cranial irradiation and certain chemotherapy agents, especially those used in high-dose protocols, are causal agents. The prevalence of toxic leukoencephalopathy is unknown; ...
Radhakrishnan S - - 2003
Oikarinen et al in 1989 reported a syndrome associated with generalized gingival fibromatosis and growth hormone deficiency. This is a case report of a 15-year-old female patient who presented to the Government Dental College, Chennai with generalized gingival fibromatosis and growth hormone deficiency. Interestingly, the histopathology of the excised gingival ...
Ryan R S - - 2003
We report a case of Alagille syndrome (arteriohepatic dysplasia) with the unusual radiological abnormality of synostosis of the proximal portions of the radius and ulna bilaterally, a manifestation which, to our knowledge, has not previously been described in a specific patient in the English language literature. We also describe additional ...
Okada Mitsugi - - 2003
Oral findings in a case of Noonan syndrome in an 8-year-old Japanese male are reported. Examination of the patient revealed a narrow, high-arched palate and an anterior open bite. Cephalometric measurements showed a wide gonial angle, a large mandibular plane angle, a large Y-axis and long facial height. It is ...
Agrawal A - - 2003
Clinical decisions often have to be made in the absence of evidence. In some cases, it is appropriate to use evidence from similar but more common conditions for which studies have resulted in evidence-based practice. This report describes a case of oesophageal stricture following Stevens-Johnson syndrome illustrating this concept, although ...
Almer Zina - - 2003
PURPOSE: Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis is a congenital neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by lipomatous craniofacial hamartomas. The most common ocular manifestation is epibulbar choristoma, but many additional eye anomalies may be present. METHODS: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case with bilateral aniridia. We report a case of a boy affected ...
Greenwood M J - - 2003
We report a case and autopsy findings of posterior leukoencephalopathy (PL) developing during induction chemotherapy for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) complicated by tumour lysis syndrome. PL may present with seizures, headache, altered mental status and occipital blindness, associated with transient parieto-occipital abnormalities on neuro-imaging studies. Precipitants include immunosuppressive agents, ...
Auyeung Jeff - - 2003
A case of Maffucci's syndrome in an 18-month old boy is presented, in which the vascular malformation consists of lymphangioma. This is a rare variant of Maffucci's syndrome. So far only six other cases have been reported in which lymphangiomas featured. We believe that the case described here is only ...
Boes C J - - 2003
Two cases of paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) associated with trigeminal neuralgia are reviewed. The paroxysmal hemicrania component in one patient was episodic, while it was chronic in the other. Each headache type responded completely to separate treatment, highlighting the importance of recognizing this association. We review the six other cases of ...
Cakir M - - 2003
Short stature is a common pediatric problem. It may occur rarely as a result of genetic disorders. Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD) is one of the rare genetic disorders of skeletal system resulting with short stature. It is characterized by shortness of stature and Madelung deformity of the wrist. Here we report ...
Patel Vikram - - 2003
We report a case of perioperative management of a neonate with popliteal pterygium syndrome complicated by interalveolar syngnathia. Syngnathia were excised in the operating room without a major anaesthetic. We discuss our management of this case, as well as other possible strategies to secure the airway in neonates with syngnathia. ...
Ugur H C - - 2003
Grisel's syndrome involves the subluxation of the atlanto-axial joint from inflammatory ligamantous laxity following an infectious process in the head or neck. It is a rare disease usually affecting children, but infrequent adult cases do occur. Today, due to the widened use of antibiotics and availability of MR imaging, some ...
Puvabanditsin Surasak - - 2003
Syngnathia is a rare anomaly involving soft tissue or bony adhesions between the maxilla and mandible. We review the literature and present a case of syngnathia associated with Van der Woude syndrome. Syngnathia can have very different etiologies, but this has rarely been reported in Van der Woude syndrome. Treatment ...
Ertem Deniz - - 2002
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is an unusual disorder of childhood, which usually presents with rectal bleeding, mucous discharge, prolonged straining, tenesmus, and localized pain in the perineal area. After the first description by Cruveilhier, Madigan and Morson further detailed the clinical and pathologic features of SRUS in 1969. The ...
Alfadley Abdullah - - 2002
Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans is a rare, X-linked disorder affecting both the skin and eyes. There are few reports about this entity. The aim of this report is to describe 2 brothers with progressive scarring alopecia of the scalp, hypotrichosis with follicular prominence of the eyelashes, and extensive keratosis pilaris. ...
Teitelbaum J E - - 2002
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) syndrome is a rare disorder that presents in childhood; however, marked delay in diagnosis is common. We report a case and review the literature describing the typical features that should alert pediatricians to the diagnosis. We also describe a novel management strategy for providing symptomatic relief.
Rocha Jaime Luis Lopes - - 2002
Vancomycin has been used with increased frequency during the past 15 years and the most common toxicity with this drug is the red man syndrome . Other adverse effects include neutropenia, fever, phlebitis, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, thrombocytopenia, interstitial nephritis, lacrimation, linear IgA bullous dermatosis, necrotizing cutaneous vasculitis and toxic epidermal necrolysis. ...
de Paula Rodrigues Giselle Helena - - 2002
The Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a very rare, but well known inherited condition of uncertain etiology in which features of premature and accelerated aging are mixed with those of delayed maturity and immaturity. Appearance at birth and birth weight are usually normal but growth typically slows after 1 year. ...
Jenkins Mary - - 2002
PURPOSE: This paper highlights the hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy (HPHA) syndrome as a unique presentation of the parkinsonian state. Clinically relevant diagnostic and treatment aspects are reviewed. METHOD: We report a case of HPHA, in a 21-year-old, otherwise healthy, woman. Clinical and radiographic features of our case are presented. We also review the ...
Barbey Jean T - - 2002
CONTEXT: Adverse cardiac events, typically long QT syndrome, have been reported in patients treated with the gastrointestinal prokinetic agent cisapride. OBJECTIVE: To analyze cases of cisapride-associated long QT syndrome and ascertain the degree of confidence in the diagnosis of long QT syndrome and the presence of risk factors. DESIGN: Review ...
Moore Brian A - - 2002
Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by thrombosis of the internal jugular vein that develops following an oropharyngeal infection. Sepsis and septic metastases frequently ensue and affect the lungs, the musculoskeletal system, and occasionally the liver. Most cases are caused by infection with Fusobacterium necrophorum. This infection responds to antibiotic therapy with ...
Favara Blaise E - - 2002
Macrophage activation and secondary hemophagocytic syndrome are rarely reported in association with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). The authors reviewed their pathology files for cases of LCH in which evidence of macrophage activation coexisted and report 30 such cases indicating that the association is not that rare and may even be ...
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