Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 236
1 2 3 4 5 >
Pimentel Jason D - - 2007
Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis is a gram-negative, curved, motile, anaerobic bacillus. D. fairfieldensis has been isolated only from human specimens and is considered a normal resident of the human gastrointestinal tract. We report the second case of Desulfovibrio bacteremia associated with choledocholithiasis and review the other reported cases of D. fairfieldensis bacteremia.
Henneberger Paul K - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent findings on work-exacerbated asthma, based on medical literature published during 2005 and the first 10 months of 2006. RECENT FINDINGS: Although prevalence estimates varied considerably among six recent epidemiologic studies, collectively they contribute to the conclusion that work-exacerbated asthma is common. Median work-exacerbated asthma ...
Vardy J - - 2007
H5N1 has emerged as a highly pathogenic strain of avian flu. Cases of bird-to-human transmission have occurred and raised concerns that human-to-human transmission may be possible. Therefore, it is vitally important to isolate any index case arising from bird-to-human transmission. Questionnaires were sent out to emergency departments throughout Scotland seeking ...
Shwimmer A - - 2007
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis was isolated from mastitis cases in nine dairy cows in Israel. Six cases occurred on one farm (three instances of two cows, 2 months apart) and three cases on one farm each. Seven cows suffered from clinical and two from subclinical mastitis. All but two of the cows ...
Le Thanh Hoa - - 2007
Two cases of aberrant migration by the liver fluke Fasciola gigantica in humans are reported. In both cases, subadult worms emerged through the skin. The identity of the worms was confirmed from their DNA sequences. This uncommon human pathogen might be more likely than F. hepatica to undertake aberrant migrations ...
Crofts Linda - - 2006
This paper describes the process of conducting critical case reviews as part of a leadership programme for critical care. Forty-five cases were reviewed over 2 years in five different hospitals and permission was sought from local research ethics committees and research and development committees for the discussions to be treated ...
Mohammed Faiyaz - - 2006
The near-fatal occurrence of achalasia in a patient with pre-existing bulimia nervosa is described. The case emphasizes the critical importance of being alert to the development of new pathology in individuals with chronic symptoms, especially in the presence of psychological illness. It also raises the possibility of an additional mechanism ...
Turkan Hulya - - 2006
Rationale for the decision to transport and assessment of available resources are integral components of the decision for aeromedical evacuation of critically ill patients. We present the case of a 20-year-old man who sustained significant trauma after his vehicle struck a land mine. This case reviews and emphasizes the factors ...
DeMasi James M - - 2006
Occupational asthma has been a recognized cause of respiratory disease for centuries, and bakers' asthma, in particular, has been well described. This case report identifies egg white protein as the trigger of asthma in an atopic baker. It highlights the clinical spectra of bakers' asthma, emphasizing the importance of occupational ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
Early examples of intentional human cranial deformation predate written history. Intentional cranial deformation as an extreme has seemingly not persisted into this century. However, mild forms of this manipulation are still practiced by various groups worldwide. Accidental cranial deformation or mild forms of intentional cranial deformation may be encountered by ...
Crofts Linda - - 2006
A previous paper described the development of a leadership programme for critical care and highlighted that one of the strengths of the programme was the critical case review. This paper sets out in some depth the major theoretical influences in the construction of the case review. Case reviews have been ...
Zavala-Velazquez Jorge - - 2006
The fourth case of human infection with Rickettsia felis in Yucatán, Mexico was documented by serologic testing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The role of R. felis in human disease has been demonstrated by molecular methods in a few patients from the U.S., Yucatán, Brazil and Germany. Apparently, there is ...
Bencsik Anna A - - 2006
Due to its sensitivity, immunohistochemistry (IHC) of abnormal prion protein (PrPsc) is used to study experimental and natural cases of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans or scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in animals. The limits of detection are particularly critical when PrPsc IHC is ...
Strong Carson - - 2006
Bernard Gert's theory of morality has received much critical attention, but there has been relatively little commentary on its practical value for bioethics. An important test of an ethical theory is its ability to yield results that are helpful and plausible when applied to real cases. An examination of Gert's ...
Furbee R Brent - - 2006
Brown recluse spider bite is a common diagnosis in almost every state in America. In fact, cases have been reported in areas where the spider has never been seen. A review of medical literature reveals that most current concepts regarding brown recluse spider envenomation are based on supposition. In this ...
Joshi P P - - 2006
The first reported human case of trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma evansi was treated using suramin. Patient follow-up indicates that the drug and specific regimen used were well tolerated. Clinical, serological and parasitological investigations at 6 months indicate complete cure of the patient. Suramin should be considered in the treatment of ...
Brown Ronald S - - 2006
Case report articles or any articles that report serious consequences from a particular therapy should be evaluated with reasonable suspicion. The concerns of these articles may prove to be correct or not in time and therefore, it is necessary to take a wait-and-see posture. In time, the publication of similar ...
Fracchioli S - - 2006
Ectopic mammary gland tissue in the vulva is an uncommon clinical or pathologic finding. Such ectopic tissue can be the site of the same physiologic and pathologic processes found in the normal breast. However, the occurrence of adenocarcinoma is very rare, the first case being reported by Greene in 1935. ...
Forni Lui G - - 2006
In the critically ill, metabolic acidosis is a common observation and, in clinical practice, the cause of this derangement is often multi-factorial. Various measures are often employed to try and characterise the aetiology of metabolic acidosis, the most popular of which is the anion gap. The purpose of the anion ...
Dono Mariella - - 2005
Human infection with the sheep nasal botfly Oestrus ovis is sporadic and is often the consequence of an accidental deposit of the larvae by an adult botfly in the eye. This infestation results in external ophthalmomyiasis that, although a very rare condition, is more common among people living close to ...
Gravina Brad - - 2005
The question of the coexistence and potential interaction between the last Neanderthal and the earliest intrusive populations of anatomically modern humans in Europe has recently emerged as a topic of lively debate in the archaeological and anthropological literature. Here we report the results of radiocarbon accelerator dating for what has ...
Bennett Sara - - 2005
Despite a growing global commitment to the provision of antiretroviral therapy (ART), its availability is still likely to be less than the need. This imbalance raises ethical dilemmas about who should be granted access to publicly-subsidized ART programmes. This paper reviews the eligibility and targeting criteria used in four case-study ...
Forsum U - - 2005
The development of bacterial vaginosis (BV) among women of childbearing age and the resulting quantitative and qualitative shift from normally occurring lactobacilli in the vagina to a mixture of mainly anaerobic bacteria is a microbiological and immunological enigma that so far has precluded the formulation of a unifying generally accepted ...
Mickel Stuart J - - 2004
In this review some of the criteria required for a viable chemical (+)-discodermolide production process are discussed by critical evaluation of the available literature approaches. A further route involving the use of polyketide synthase to produce (+)-discodermolide fragments by fermentation is also described. Both approaches have advantages and disadvantages and ...
Stasinopoulos D - - 2004
Lumbar spondylolysis is a common cause of low back pain in adolescent athletes. It is a unilateral or bilateral defect of the pars interarticularis. The cause is still a matter of debate. A wide range of conservative treatments has been used. The purpose of this critical literature review is to ...
Fara Patricia - - 2004
J.B.S. Haldane's photographs reveal that this eminent geneticist was also a militant political agitator. Deeply engaged in left-wing British politics, Haldane eventually joined the Communist party, but found it increasingly difficult to reconcile his scientific beliefs with his Marxist commitments. During the controversy over Stalin's rejection of genetics in favour ...
Durrett Richard - - 2004
We present a Bayesian approach to the problem of inferring the number of inversions and translocations separating two species. The main reason for developing this method is that it will allow us to test hypotheses about the underlying mechanisms, such as the distribution of inversion track lengths or rate constancy ...
Zonia Carolynn L - - 2004
Most of the 2000 Guidelines related to PALS remain unchanged. The changes that were made are based on a review of the literature and were made to simplify the overall management of the critically ill child. Despite these changes, the primary goals of PALS--early recognition of respiratory failure and shock ...
Capitani E - - 2003
In this study we provide a critical review of the clinical evidence available to date in the field of semantic category-specific deficits. The motivation for undertaking this review is that not all the data reported in the literature are useful for adjudicating among extant theories. This project is an attempt ...
Paçô Julieta M - - 2003
The authors report on a new case of human Bertiellosis in a 2-year old female patient who was born in Goiânia-Goiás (Brazil) and has had history of permanent dwelling in an area frequently visited by simians in Mato Grosso (Brazil). At the time of diagnosis the patient showed inappetence, abdominal ...
Sréter Tamás - - 2003
Echinococcus multilocularis, the causative agent of human alveolar echinococcosis, is reported for the first time in Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Hungary. This parasite may be spreading eastward because the population of foxes has increased as a consequence of human interventions, and this spread may result in the emergence of ...
Do─čan Erkan - - 2003
Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver is characterized by hepatocellular nodules distributed throughout the liver in the absence of fibrous septa between the nodules. In the literature, most reports have been single cases so that the prevalence and clinical significance of the disease is not exactly known. The critical lesion ...
Gavaghan Colin - - 2003
In 2002, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) published its decision in the case of Raj and Shahana Hashmi. The couple had sought to use preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to have a child that could be a viable donor for their son, Zain, who has thalassaemia. The HFEA decided ...
To E W H - - 2003
Human dirofilariasis is a helminthic zoonosis that is common in some parts of the world. A sporadic case of dirofilariasis affecting the buccal mucosa has been reported in a non-endemic area of southern China. Clinical findings, diagnosis, pathogenesis and management are discussed. This is the fourth case of human dirofilariasis ...
Guelmann Marcio - - 2003
A case of a 10 year-old boy with gingival overgrowth due to cyclosporin therapy after heart transplantation is described. Different treatment approaches are discussed and the surgical effect of CO2 laser is illustrated. The critical role of routine professional cleaning and good oral health maintenance for the healthy status of ...
Guelinckx P J - - 2002
Based upon the reconstructive principle "Replace like with like", the first and the second toes have shown to be ideal to replace lost digital structures in congenital cases or in traumatic cases when reimplantation has failed. The aim of this paper is to present a series of 15 patients operated ...
Galarza Marcelo - - 2002
A group of structures in the human central nervous system (CNS) represents a noteworthy dilemma for the neuroscientist, particularly to the neuroanatomist. In this paper an attempt is made by extensive review of the literature to give an account of the significance of the subcommissural organ (SCO) in humans and ...
Everly George S GS - - 2002
Crisis intervention has emerged over the last 50 years as a proven method for the provision of urgent psychological support in the wake of a critical incident or traumatic event. The history of crisis intervention is replete with singular, time-limited interventions. As crisis intervention has evolved, more sophisticated multicomponent crisis ...
Dsouza Herman S - - 2002
It is well known that lead exposure in the early period of pre pregnancy and antenatal life leads to serious health complications. In this case report, a five month old child who was suffering from encephalopathy was finally confirmed a victim of lead exposure, the source being the environment and ...
Byard R W - - 2001
The accurate identification of human tissues is an important part of forensic science, but may be difficult when specimens are small, fragmented, or burned. A wide variety of materials may be submitted as human, including parts of animals and nonorganic materials. Two cases involving a plastic fetal skeleton and a ...
Ola B - - 2001
There is now considerable discussion whether intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) should be used in all cases of IVF. A critical and balanced view of the current literature is presented. The difficult question is how to identify men with apparently normal semen who are likely to fail to achieve a pregnancy ...
Edwards S D - - 2001
This paper examines one particular justification for the screening and termination of embryos/fetuses which possess genetic features known to cause disability. The particular case is that put forward in several places by John Harris. He argues that the obligation to prevent needless suffering justifies the prevention of the births of ...
K. R. Willmott
The taxonomy of the genus Colobura Billberg, 1820, one of the most common members of the Neotropical lowland forest butterfly fauna, is critically reviewed in light of available information on the morphology of both the immature stages and adults. Although regarded by almost all authors to date as monotypic, Colobura ...
Ornstein A - - 2001
This paper offers a critical review of the psychoanalytic literature on the Holocaust. In keeping with its emphasis on recovery, it describes the mechanisms involved in psychological survival under extreme conditions. It is postulated that these mechanisms constituted a link in the psychic continuity between the survivors' pre-Holocaust psychological organization ...
Ono M L - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to examine the topographical relationship between the locations of the grooves and the borders of Couinaud's portal segments. We found 79 grooves on the diaphragmatic surfaces of 50 livers from 420 cadavers. Most grooves were located within segment VIII wholly (31/79) or partially ...
Pastor T J - - 2000
A historical review of the development of manganese(IV) chemistry and its application in analytical chemistry is presented. A brief presentation of the presence and importance of manganese(IV) in other areas of chemistry is also given.
Ivnik R J - - 2000
This paper updates neuropsychologists on the process of obtaining board certification in clinical neuropsychology through the American Board of Clinical Neuropsychology (ABCN), a specialty board operating under the auspices of the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP). At this time, the ABPP and ABCN have certified 406 clinical neuropsychologists, which ...
Mashour S - - 2000
With the increased use of nonprescription vitamin supplementation, physicians involved in critical care must be aware of the potential complications of these medications. We report the case of a 31-year-old African-American man presenting to the emergency department with acute renal failure. He had previously been well and initially denied the ...
1 2 3 4 5 >