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Fong K W - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (1) diagnostic performance of intracranial translucency (IT) for detection of open spina bifida (SB) and (2) interobserver agreement for visualization of IT during the 11-13 week scan. METHODS: This is a retrospective study in a tertiary referral centre. Two hundred 11-13 week nuchal translucency scans performed by ...
Yeh Peter - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed all cases with fetal skeletal dysplasia and correlated the accuracy of prenatal diagnoses with the final post-mortem, radiological, or molecular diagnoses. The accuracy of prenatal prediction of lethality was also reviewed. METHODS: All cases of fetal skeletal dysplasia referred between October 2002 and August 2010 were reviewed. ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2011
As fetal intracranial vessels may persist into adulthood, knowledge of their anatomy and potential clinical and surgical complications should be borne in mind by the surgeon. A comprehensive review of these vessels, however, is not easily identified in the literature. Therefore, the present analysis was undertaken so that such information ...
Schaap Timme P - - 2011
In a recently published randomized clinical trial on intrapartum fetal monitoring, fetal blood samples were obtained in 879 women. One serious complication of fetal blood sampling (FBS) was reported, a case in which physical examination of the neonate after delivery revealed clear fluid loss from the incision site. Four layers ...
Nouri Kazem - - 2011
To present a successful case of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and single embryo transfer (SET) in a kidney transplant (NTX) patient and review of the literature. Case report and review of the literature. IVF-Unit in a university medical center. A 31 year-old nulliparous woman with primary infertility and a history of ...
- - 2010
The Journal of Infectious Diseases thanks its many reviewers for their valuable advice and criticism.
Calda Pavel - - 2011
We report a rare case of oral mass (epignathus) with intracranial extension originally suspected antenatally at 16 weeks' gestation because of a persistent open mouth. Postmortem MRI and pathologic examination of the fetus confirmed an oral teratoma with bilateral ventricular dilatation, corpus callosum agenesis, and a neuroepithelial intracranial cyst. The ...
Calda Pavel - - 2010
We report a rare case of oral mass (epignathus) with intracranial extension originally suspected antenatally at 16 weeks' gestation because of a persistent open mouth. Postmortem MRI and pathologic examination of the fetus confirmed an oral teratoma with bilateral ventricular dilatation, corpus callosum agenesis, and a neuroepithelial intracranial cyst. The ...
Andreou Chrisoula - - 2010
I review the main models of disability and introduce a line of reasoning that has been neglected in the debate concerning disability and disadvantage. My reasoning suggests that while disablism can and should be combated, success will require more challenging transformations than those featured in the literature.
Voss Heike - - 2011
The dermatologist's procedure ("procedure for early detection of occupational skin diseases") enables dermatologists to conduct the relevant diagnostics at the expenses of the statutory employers' liability insurance funds (UVT) if there is a possibility of a work-related skin disorder in an employee. Acceptance of this most relevant tool for secondary ...
Mercer Stephen E - - 2010
As reflected in the literature, the use of dermal filler agents has increased substantially over the last decade. Consequently, these agents are more frequently encountered on histopathologic examination. A variety of dermal fillers can be readily identified histopathologically, and the accurate identification of these agents is a critical task for ...
Haymerle A - - 2010
Cases of human exposure to veterinary injectable anaesthetics were reviewed following a literature search and completion of an online questionnaire in an attempt to provide an objective approach to the problem. The modified Glasgow Coma Scale was used to rank cases according to their severity. From the cases examined, results ...
David Marianne D - - 2010
The safe administration of conscious sedation in a patient with a critical airway who underwent awake tracheotomy using dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha(2)-agonist with sympatholytic, anxiolytic, analgesic, and sedative properties, is presented. Unlike other commonly used sedative agents, dexmedetomidine provided adequate sedation with minimal respiratory depression.
Popil Inna - - 2011
This paper examines the use of case studies as teaching strategies to promote critical thinking. Critical thinking and case studies are defined as teaching method. The benefits and limitations of case studies are also discussed. The literature review investigates research studies that have indicated how case studies facilitate and promote ...
- - 2010
The current report of the Policy and Planning Board is not about rethinking the Strategic Plan. Rather, the goal of this report is to reflect on what APA is, who and what it serves, and how it can prepare itself for action to address the changes that are coming-changes initiated ...
Budovec Joseph J - - 2010
In this article we provide a basic guide to reading scientific articles that we hope will improve the reader's ability to read and critically appraise the primary literature. We provided a series of guidelines and questions to consider when reading the primary literature. This guide is intended to help individuals ...
Gracia Ana - - 2010
The authors report the morphological and neuroimaging findings of an immature human fossil (Cranium 14) diagnosed with left lambdoid synostosis. The skull was recovered at the Sima de los Huesos site in Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain). Since the human fossil remains from this site have been dated to a minimum age ...
Palfreyman Simon - - 2010
The aim of this article was to critically examine the case for using film dressings with a particular emphasis on two dressing manufactured by Paul Hartmann Ltd: Hydrofilm and Hydrofilm Plus. The authors undertook a review of the current published evidence and present four case studies where Hydrofilm and Hydrofilm ...
Kadar Nicholas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if peer review conducted under real-world conditions is systematically biased. STUDY DESIGN: A repeated-measures design was effectively created when two board-certified obstetrician-gynecologists reviewed the same 26 medical records of patients treated by the same physician, and provided written evaluations of each ...
Lutchman D - - 2010
Limb Ischaemia is an exceptional complication of catecholamine toxicity caused by a phaeochromocytoma. We present a middle-aged female patient with severe subacute peripheral ishaemia, gangrene and eventual amputation of all four distal limbs due to a large non-metastatic left adrenal gland phaeochromocytoma and summarise the available literature concerning previously reported ...
Diekema Douglas S - - 2010
The case of Ashley X involved a young girl with profound and permanent developmental disability who underwent growth attenuation using high-dose estrogen, a hysterectomy, and surgical removal of her breast buds. Many individuals and groups have been critical of the decisions made by Ashley's parents, physicians, and the hospital ethics ...
Kazandi M - - 2010
Abnormal placentation is a serious complication of pregnancy. The disorder is also associated with significant maternal morbidity. Abnormal placentation, comprised of placenta accreta, increta, and percreta, is a leading cause of postpartum hemorrhage and indication for gravid hysterectomy. We present five cases of successful conservative and surgical management of abnormal ...
- - 2009
The Journal of Infectious Diseases thanks its many reviewers for their valuable advice and criticism.
Roettges Paul S - - 2010
Hand gangrene following vascular cannula placement is uncommon and is usually the result of thrombotic occlusion of an artery. We describe a case of hand gangrene resulting in wrist disarticulation, following multiple unsuccessful attempts at internal jugular vein cannulation in a critically ill patient.
Devroe Sarah - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the effect of epidural analgesia on breastfeeding. RECENT FINDINGS: Alarming messages were sent out following a retrospective study indicating that epidural analgesia caused more breastfeeding failures. The limitations of this study were reviewed as well as the critical importance of good lactation support. SUMMARY: There ...
Helfand Brian T - - 2009
PURPOSE: The primary responsibility of institutional review boards is to protect human research subjects and, therefore, ensure that studies are performed in accordance with a standard set of ethical principles. A number of groups have compared the responses of institutional review boards in multicenter clinical trials involving medical therapies. To ...
Keevin, Thomas M.
Final Report issued December 26, 1985
Lotze Heike K - - 2009
Current trends in marine ecosystems need to be interpreted against a solid understanding of the magnitude and drivers of past changes. Over the last decade, marine scientists from different disciplines have engaged in the emerging field of marine historical ecology to reconstruct past changes in the sea. Here we review ...
Chalmers R M - - 2009
To improve understanding of the aetiology and epidemiology of human cryptosporidiosis, over 8,000 Cryptosporidium isolates were submitted for typing to the species level over a four year period. The majority were either Cryptosporidium parvum (45.9%) or Cryptosporidium hominis (49.2%). Dual infection occurred in 40 (0.5%) cases and six other known ...
Mordeniz Cengiz - - 2009
AIM: In the earliest records of human religion, castration was regarded as an act of devotion. Moreover, the ritual of circumcision is still followed by many modern religions. In this article, we have exposed the archeological, historical, cultural and religious evidence between the ancient ritual of castration and circumcision. MATERIALS ...
Currie Bart J - - 2008
While Southeast Asia and northern Australia are well recognized as the major endemic regions for melioidosis, recent reports have expanded the endemic zone. Severe weather events and environmental disasters such as the 2004 Asian tsunami have unmasked locations of sporadic cases and have reconfirmed endemicity in Indonesia. The endemic region ...
Gordon Elisa J - - 2008
WE SURVEYED IRB CHAIRS IN THE United States to ascertain whether their IRBs have clarity regarding their FDA-mandated role in reviewing humanitarian use device (HUD) applications, which are neither research devices nor fully tested treatments. Of 2,588 Chairs, 469 (18%) completed the survey, almost half of whom (44%) reported review ...
Clyti Emmanuel - - 2008
We report the onset of an urban epidemic of human myiasis caused by Dermatobia hominis. To our knowledge, this is the first urban epidemic described for D. hominis. The epidemic was most likely related to exceptional weather conditions and notably high rainfall in January 2000, which may have facilitated the ...
Neff Margaret J - - 2008
Though the need for human-subjects review is readily apparent to investigators when conducting a randomized clinical trial, that same requirement is often less obvious when considering activities such as chart reviews, observational studies, or even case reports. In some cases all that is needed is notification of the institutional review ...
Perlsman Ehud - - 2008
This study is concerned with the characteristics of regular (isotropic) percolation clusters above the critical threshold p{c}. Analytic arguments for the general dimension case, and numerical results for the two-dimensional case, lead to the conclusion that the characteristics of the shortest paths (defined as the chemical distance l) between given ...
Bait-Merabet, Lilia
Abstract Brachyspira pilosicoli is the etiologic agent of human and animal intestinal spirochetosis and is rarely implicated as a cause of bacteremia. Here, we describe the case of a B. pilosicoli spirochetemia in a 53-year-old male patient suffering from cardiogenic shock. This fastidious bacterium was isolated from blood, likely after ...
Reardon Laura E - - 2009
The current paper critically reviews the empirical literature focused on the association between puberty and anxiety. A detailed review of more than 45 empirical articles is provided. There is some evidence that among girls, but not boys, a more advanced pubertal status (controlling for age) is associated with higher reported ...
Durbin Jack - - 2008
This article provides a clearer understanding of how to use the monitoring report, a monthly statement of how the department is performing compared to the budget, to move the department forward. Critical items discussed in relation to the report include revenue, salaries, benefits, supplies, services, utilities, leases and rentals, and ...
Piérard-Franchimont C C Department of Dermatopathology, University Hospital of Liège, - - 2008
We report 3 related cases of human dermatophytosis and 1 dog dermatophytosis likely caused by contact with a European hedgehog. Trichophyton erinacei was isolated from stratum corneum samples. This type of zoophilic dermatophytosis is rare in south-east Belgium and probably in the rest of the country as well.
Ricucci Domenico - - 2008
This article reports a case of extraradicular actinomycosis that clearly formed a continuum with the intraradicular infection. Histobacteriologic and histopathologic analyses of the root tip and attached apical periodontitis lesion obtained by surgery from a tooth with persistent disease were performed to look for the possible reasons for persistent disease. ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The normal pituitary production of human chorionic gonadotropin alongside luteinizing hormone, measurable in menopausal serum and urine was initially reported over 3 decades ago and has been described in numerous subsequent publications. Unfortunately, delays or cancellations of important medical procedures and use of needless chemotherapy still occurs because of ...
Alsaadi G - - 2008
Augmentation material used in plastic surgery such as facelift procedures can be radiopaque and thus become visible on extra- and intraoral radiographs. These objects may obscure anatomical structures and mask critical findings, therefore leading to potential misinterpretation of otherwise successful images. The present report describes a case in which the ...
Koleva Daniela - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This literature review aimed to critically assess the 'state of the art' of the full economic evaluations (FEEs) on glaucoma pharmacological treatments. This is the first review that tries to thoroughly assess both costs and consequences of pharmacoeconomic evaluations on glaucoma. METHODS: A literature search was done on the ...
Bait-Merabet Lilia - - 2008
Brachyspira pilosicoli is the etiologic agent of human and animal intestinal spirochetosis and is rarely implicated as a cause of bacteremia. Here, we describe the case of a B. pilosicoli spirochetemia in a 53-year-old male patient suffering from cardiogenic shock. This fastidious bacterium was isolated from blood, likely after translocation ...
Ikemoto Yu Y Department of Medical System Engineering, Chiba University, Japan. - - 2008
Walking assist systems should cope with both the external perturbation caused by slips, uneven terrain, slopes, and obstacles, and local function impairment caused by internal factors, like spastic paralysis. It is known that humans are able to cope with these difficulties by different strategies. One is that in the case ...
Mwaluma, J; ;
This paper reviews the taxonomical literature of the gracilarioid algae from Tanzania, and provides information about their ecology and distribution based on an intensive regime of local collection. Its aim was to provide names, even if on a preliminary basis, for local gracilarioid taxa. Our revision shows that species misidentification ...
Shoja Mohammadali M - - 2007
Venous access is often essential in critical care medicine. The internal jugular vein (IJV) often provides reliable blood flow when subjected to cannulation. However, anatomical variations of the IJV have been reported as the cause of unsuccessful and complicated venous cannulation. We report ultrasonographic findings of an extremely rare variant ...
Thomas V - - 2007
Since the discovery that Legionella pneumophila can survive and grow within free-living amoebae, there has been an increasing number of microbial species shown to have similar relationships. These include many bacterial species, fungi, other protozoa (e.g. Cryptosporidium) and viruses. Among bacteria, mycobacteria are of particular importance because of their role ...
Nash Kate - - 2007
This article explores the Pinochet case, widely heralded as a landmark, as a case of 'intermestic' human rights that raises difficult normative and empirical questions concerning cosmopolitan justice. The article is a contribution to the sociology of human rights from the perspective of methodological cosmopolitanism, developing conceptual tools and methods ...
Ogier J-C - - 2008
Although Leuconostoc genus is "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS), a few clinically human infections cases by this microorganism have been reported in the literature, leading to their classification as opportunistic pathogens. However, these reported cases concern only severe immunodepressed patients, and none direct relations have yet been proven between Leuconostoc ...
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