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Results 401 - 450 of 494
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Skelton W P WP - - 1990
Poor nutrition is common throughout the third world. The US also has examples among recent Asian and Latin American immigrants, alcoholics, the homeless, and former prisoners of war. All of these groups are susceptible to long-term pathologic damage, depending on the degree of malnutrition which they experience. The peripheral nervous ...
Röckelein G - - 1990
The placental villi of 61 early abortions with known karyotype and 7 legally induced abortions were investigated by scanning electron microscopy and documented in standardised enlargements. Five groups were established from the findings: uniformly branched villi with a velvety surface (group A) were found in 4 of the 7 induced ...
Macavoy M G - - 1990
The need for compulsory detention in the management of alcohol-dependent persons is reviewed with a particular focus on legislation in New South Wales (NSW). It is argued that there is no justification for the severe loss of civil liberties in order to provide a general power of involuntary alcoholism treatment ...
Artieda J - - 1990
A patient with alcohol-sensitive spontaneous, action- and stimulus-sensitive generalized reflex myoclonus is reported. Gait was abnormal but could not be clearly classified as dystonic. No other neurological abnormality was present. The possible relationship between alcohol-sensitive myoclonic dystonia and this case is discussed. Reflex myoclonus may serve as an additional clinical ...
Tein I - - 1990
Recurrent heritable childhood myoglobinuria is a potentially fatal entity (mortality up to 35%) in which prompt diagnosis and treatment are critical. Sixty childhood cases have been reported between 1910 to 1988, most with undiagnosed etiologies. We have studied an additional 40 cases referred to CPMC (1980-1988), suggesting that this condition ...
Margo G M - - 1989
In a review of the current literature on inpatient psychotherapy, the authors discuss shortened length of stay and the interdisciplinary team approach as factors affecting psychotherapy in the inpatient setting. They examine the literature in the frameworks of long-term intensive and short-term focused psychotherapy, including arguments presented in favor of ...
Zurif E B - - 1989
We challenge the position that only the analysis of single patients can allow us to infer normal function from impaired performance. We claim that the focus on group vs. single case studies is unprofitable and that a more useful question is how best to form abstractions of relevance to cognitive ...
Chattopadhyay S P - - 1989
Fifty three multibacillary leprosy cases were treated with two regimens of MDT L1 consisting of Rifampicin, Dapsone and Ethionamide and L2 consisting of Rifampicin, Dapsone and clofazimine. The results were compared at regular intervals and at the end of the study (24 months). Clinical inactivity, bacteriological negativity, ENL reactions, upgrading ...
Lee D J - - 1988
The interrelationships among alcohol screening measures, self-reported drinking and laboratory markers of alcohol consumption were analyzed in a nonalcoholic sample. The results confirmed high interrelatedness among the MAST and two shorter versions derived from that scale. These measures showed little relationship to the CAGE, self-reported drinking and biochemical markers. Self-reported ...
Quinn M W - - 1988
The incidence and severity (peak serum bilirubin concentration) of clinically detectable jaundice was determined retrospectively in 110 elution positive cases of ABO incompatibility. Neither the incidence nor the severity of jaundice in the study group differed significantly from a control group. In the individual case Coombs positivity and/or a strongly ...
Tierney M C - - 1988
Neuropathologic confirmation is required to validate the NINCDS-ADRDA Work Group criteria for the clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuropathologic inclusion and exclusion criteria for AD, however, are not uniform. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the confirmation rate for the Work Group criteria against differing neuropathologic criteria ...
Marsh R E - - 1988
Revised structures are reported for 19 crystalline compounds, based on space groups of higher symmetry than originally reported. In four cases the Laue symmetry is changed, one from 1 to 2/m and three from 2/m to mmm; in the remaining fifteen a center of symmetry has been added. For eight ...
McMahon A J - - 1987
A 43-year-old alcoholic presented in coma with ketoacidosis, after three days of nausea and feeling generally unwell, which had been preceded by a prolonged three-week period of heavy alcohol consumption with poor dietary intake. The acidosis responded rapidly to intravenous dextrose. This is the first Scottish report of a case ...
George A L AL - - 1987
We have reviewed the literature on group B streptococcal empyema in adults and presented an additional case. During the early antibiotic era, this rare infection was described only in women after parturition. Diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance was present in our patient and in all of the described cases of ...
Cuellar R E - - 1987
A case of a 20-yr-old female with possible "alcoholic hepatitis" and a mixed micro/macronodular cirrhosis occurring in association with overt bulimia and a history of anorexia nervosa, but without any objective evidence of either alcoholism or alcohol abuse, is reported. The possible factors that may have contributed, either alone or ...
Ishikawa K - - 1987
Two hundred and thirty-four cases of cystic adventitial disease were collected from over two hundred world literatures and were classified into two groups: first, typical cystic adventitial disease of the popliteal artery, and second, that of the stem vessels in extremities other than the popliteal artery. The nomenclatures, clinical and ...
Giacosa A - - 1987
The prevalence of dyspepsia was evaluated in 83 young conscripted soldiers: 38 of them were normally resident in the town where the barracks was sited (Genoa) while 45 came from different districts. Dyspepsia was observed in 49.4% of total cases, and there were significant differences in the incidence between the ...
Haberman P W - - 1987
To assess the role of alcohol and alcoholism in motor vehicle and other accidental deaths, New Jersey State Medical Examiner cases from Essex County aged 16 or older during a 4-year period, October 1981 to September 1985, were analyzed. Cases were classified as alcoholics according to the following criteria: (1) ...
Spiller B - - 1987
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of driving under the influence (DUI) arrest history on the diagnostic decisions of DUI evaluators and the reported bases on which alcohol-related diagnostic decisions are made in DUI cases. Subjects were 70 (out of a potential 140) Illinois certified DUI evaluators who ...
Tsai J J - - 1986
The bronchoprovocation test has been widely used in diagnosis of bronchial asthma. Forty-eight cases under tentative diagnosis of bronchial asthma, with complaints of cough, shortness of breath, and wheezing, were studied by using histamine and methacholine. Their baseline pulmonary functions were all normal. Among the Fourteen cases, histamine and methacholine ...
Kold A - - 1986
A case of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) in an alcoholic patient with severe electrolyte changes is presented. Data in the literature suggest that it is safe to correct severe symptomatic hyponatremia to a value of 125-130 mEq/1 in 24 h. At the present time acute severe hyponatremia carries a bad ...
Johnson Brian - - 1986
Although alcoholism is one of the most common illnesses presenting to physicians, it is still poorly understood. Treatment is effective in many cases, but the reason it is effective needs much scientific investigation. This collection of articles is an encouraging, informative series of descriptions of attempts to approach understanding and ...
Zehavi C - - 1986
A group of 30 patients ranging from 4 to 56 years of age with the peripheral form of neurofibromatosis were evaluated for the presence of iris (Lisch) nodules. These nodules were observed in 73% of our cases and their presence was directly related to the severity of the skin manifestations ...
Obasi O E - - 1985
Three cases of porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) misdiagnosed as leprosy were seen between 1978 and 1984 at Kaduna, Nigeria. All three patients had been heavy drinkers of a native alcoholic beverage, "burukutu" as well as beer, for several years. Alcohol abstinence and oral chloroquine therapy produced satisfactory remission of the ...
Rao N A - - 1985
Scleritis is not a single clinical or pathologic entity. It has several distinct forms. A clinico-pathologic study of 41 cases of necrotizing scleritis suggests that these different histopathologic forms of disease may reflect different mechanisms of immunopathogenesis. These cases were divided into three main groups: (1) scleral inflammations associated with ...
Aozasa K - - 1985
Clinical and histological findings in 37 cases of cutaneous lymphomas other than mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome were investigated; there were 31 in adults and 6 in children. Cutaneous lesions were the first manifestations of the diseases in all cases, and they appeared mostly as tumors or nodules. Cytomorphologically, about ...
Miller F - - 1985
The under-reporting of alcohol use has been viewed as the consequence of alcoholic denial. Alcoholic denial has been conceptualized as an unconscious ego defense. In this paper the authors present data suggesting that the under-reporting of alcohol use may be, in certain cases, the result of the influence of the ...
Yamada Y - - 1985
The leukemic cells of 57 patients with adult T cell leukemia (ATL) were analyzed for their immunologic surface markers. Forty-four cases showed normal mature inducer/helper T cell phenotype (typical group: E-RFC+, Leu-1+, 2a-, 3a+ MASO36c-), but the other 13 cases showed unusual surface phenotypes (variant group) and could be subdivided ...
Martin M D - - 1985
The ichthyoses are a group of hereditary disorders that share in common the accumulation and shedding of large amounts of hyperkeratotic epidermis. Little is known about the oral manifestations of these disorders. Following a review of the literature, a case study is presented and the dental management of the patient ...
Livingston I L - - 1985
Alcohol abuse and hypertension are two important health concerns for the general US population. A review of the literature indicates, however, that black Americans are at greater risk of experiencing primary and secondary health and behavioral problems associated with these two concerns. Empirical evidence exists suggesting a relationship between alcohol ...
Bonmarchand G - - 1985
Group R streptococci have caused many cases of septicaemia and meningitis in patients handling live or slaughtered pigs which were the only known reservoir of group R streptococci. A human case, due to a wild boar, is reported here and it is therefore concluded that there exist both a domestic ...
Cartlidge I - - 1984
Although Polynesians are affected by idiopathic club foot deformity more commonly than other racial groups, epidemiological surveys performed in Auckland and Glasgow showed no other significant difference in their pattern of presentation compared with Caucasians. Distinctions in sex ratio and maternal age, reported previously between groups of index cases with ...
Johnson C A - - 1984
An unusual case of the fetal alcohol syndrome with hydrocephalus caused by a Dandy-Walker cyst is reported. It is postulated that aberrant neuroglial tissue due to prenatal maternal alcohol ingestion may have caused the Dandy-Walker deformity.
van Assendelft A H - - 1984
Leucopenia (= leucocyte count 3000 cells/microliters or less) caused by 2 rifampicin preparations used in daily tuberculosis chemotherapy was studied. In a group of 140 patients treated with Rimapen (Orion, Finland ), 11 cases (7.9%) of leucopenia were detected. In a group of 132 patients treated with Rimactan (Ciba-Geigy, Switzerland) ...
Sillence D O - - 1984
A group of fetuses with a perinatally lethal variety of osteogenesis imperfecta (O.I. type II) is characterized by short limbs, and clinical and roentgenological evidence of severe osseous fragility and defective ossification. Forty-eight cases were reviewed and can be subdivided into 3 groups on the basis of small but probably ...
Feeney D J DJ - - 1984
While recent literature on individual and family therapy has increasingly focused on the nature and use of paradoxical styles of intervention, little has been published concerning the use of paradox in alcoholism counseling. Alcoholism represents a type of problem that can lend itself to the use of such interventions. This ...
- - 1984
From 17 634 children born in 1964 and screened in 1977 two sample groups were selected: 10% of children from the upper 5% of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure distribution curves (95th percentile and above) were taken to form an "upper" group, and 10% from the remainder as a ...
Kitschke B - - 1984
The information provided by three examinations: [99mTc]heparin kinetics (KH), venous scintigraphy with [99mTc]fibrinogen (VSF) and plasmatic assay of beta-thromboglobulin (beta TG), are studied on 23 patients separated into two groups on the basis of phlebographic results. VSF which could provide to a certain extent the same kind of information as ...
Gray L P - - 1983
Seventy-six cases of unilateral tonsillectomy performed over the last 20 years are reported. The average age was 3.75 years. Fifty per cent had adenoidectomy. A review of their case notes and of 54 questionnaires returned by parents, asking their opinion of the change in symptoms before operation and two years ...
Righter J - - 1983
Mycobacterium chelonei was originally included in group IV of Runyon's classification of "anonymous" or "atypical" mycobacteria. Although a frequent contaminant without clinical significance, this organism has definite pathogenic potential. A compromised host with M. chelonei septicemia and disseminated candidiasis is described. A review of the literature on M. chelonei human ...
Erzurum S - - 1983
A 16-year-old boy had symptoms and signs of cerebellar ataxia and hearing loss. He had no systemic manifestations of infectious mononucleosis and no lymphocytosis. Results of a test for infectious mononucleosis were positive and there was a fourfold rise of serum antibody titer to Epstein-Barr virus capsid antigen. The patient ...
Juneja S K - - 1983
The haematological features of 118 cases of primary myelodysplastic syndromes (PMDS) were reviewed to see how these could be related and classified according to the recent FAB proposals. A majority of the cases were elderly who presented with a macrocytic or normocytic anaemia and reticulocytopenia. Cases of acquired idiopathic sideroblastic ...
Cernovsky Z - - 1983
Contacted 46 alcoholics 1 year upon discharge from a residential treatment program based primarily on transactional analysis. Twenty-five reported to be fully abstinent for the 1-year follow-up, and the other 21 reported that they were not drinking heavily. Correlational analysis of the relationship of reported alcohol use to responses on ...
Axelson O - - 1983
This review is an attempt to elucidate some fundamental epidemiologic concepts, particularly various aspects of the case-referent design and its relations to the cohort type of study. Some of these aspects also have direct implications for judgements about the comparability of differently exposed population groups, eg, with regard to confounding.
Riemann J F - - 1983
The indications for endoscopic papillotomy are clearly defined. When only the normal risk presents, our working group favours an age limit of 50 years, below which the papilla should, as far as possible, be preserved. In the present case report, a possibility is described for effecting an endoscopic extraction of ...
Wagenknecht L V - - 1983
Out of 531 patients with excretory azoospermia, scrotal exploration for attempted epididymo-vasostomy showed vas aplasia in 90 of them (= 17%). In the latter group complete bilateral agenesis of the vas was seen in 64 cases while the remaining showed partial vas aplasia or different findings on both sides. The ...
Cavenar J O JO - - 1983
The authors note the recent controversy about whether the sex of the psychotherapist is an important factor in the treatment of patients with certain neurotic and personality disturbances and suggest that much of the confusion is because supportive and insight-oriented psychotherapy are not clearly distinguished. After reviewing the relevant literature ...
Douglass R L - - 1983
The interaction of youth, alcohol consumption and driving has been the leading contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States among persons under 40 for over thirty years. While a considerable literature has evolved, only since 1968 has the literature acquired a truly scientific character; frequently the literature is ...
Salomon F - - 1982
Testicular biopsies from 30 patients with fertility disorders were investigated by peroxidase-labeled antibodies against IgG and C3 at an ultrastructural level. Three types of abnormal basement membrane structures (ABMS) proved to be positive. Immune-type deposits (ABMS type 2), ABMS with vesicular particles (ABMS type 4), and those with membranous structures ...
Sanna M - - 1982
Functional results with Plastipore prostheses inserted in 150 staged intact canal wall tympanoplasties at our Clinic are reported. Two groups of patients have been reviewed: The first group consists of those cases in which the prosthesis is directly in contact with the tympanic graft (77 cases); the second one comprises ...
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