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Hamadto H A - - 1997
Toxoplasma antibodies were detected in sera of 700 cases; 500 were collected randomly from individuals attending the outpatient clinics of Benha University Hospitals of different ages and sexes and 200 from suspected inpatients from Obstetric, Opthalmology, Internal Medicine and Surgery Departments. The indirect fluorescent antibody technique was performed. The results ...
Anderson R R - - 1997
A 30-year-old man with AIDS developed separate episodes of bacteremia with multiple organisms including CDC group IVc-2, related to an indwelling central venous catheter. Recovery at each interval followed antibiotic therapy and replacement of the central venous access. This is the first reported case of infection with this organism in ...
La Rosa F G - - 1997
We report the case of a 17-year-old boy with a significant history of drug and alcohol abuse, which included smoking marijuana mixed with brodifacoum. As a consequence, the patient developed a prolonged coagulopathy that persisted for more than 1 year. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in ...
Wright D - - 1997
This paper highlights current activities with regard to telemedicine activities in and for developing countries. The paper reviews: the preparation of a telemedicine report by a study group of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the aim of which is to provide recommendations and guidelines for developing countries; the formation of ...
Schwartz J H - - 1996
For many years, the Neanderthals have been recognized as a distinctive extinct hominid group that occupied Europe and western Asia between about 200,000 and 30,000 years ago. It is still debated, however, whether these hominids belong in their own species, Homo neanderthalensis, or represent an extinct variant of Homo sapiens. ...
Sutyak J P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: As case-based methods replaced lectures in a surgical clerkship, the influences of case structure and prior experience on learning were investigated. METHODS: Early and late third-year students randomly received different cases. "Structured" cases had data presented and summarized. "Unstructured" cases required questions to faculty for information. Multiple choice tests ...
Natoli S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome is a life-threatening illness which is on the increase. In early reports, only group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus was associated with the disease, but recent evidence indicates non-A streptococci groups are also involved. OBSERVATIONS: We describe the first reported case of streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome caused ...
Danek A - - 1996
Two photographs from the beginning of our century still instructively illustrate the phenomenon of visual agnosia: the perplexed face of an old lady confronted with objects clears after touching them. This patient with bilateral posterior cerebral infarction was followed for seven years at the Munich Medicine Department of Friedrich von ...
Kulish N - - 1996
Conversion from psychotherapy to psychoanalysis and the differences between the two have been the subject of discussion and controversy in recent years. The theoretical and technical questions that have been raised suffer from the lack of detailed clinical accounts that might help to elucidate the processes involved. The author presents ...
Goto H - - 1996
To detect cytomegalovirus-associated interstitial pneumonia (CMV-IP) in recipients of BMT in its earliest stage, five CMV methods were assessed for their usefulness using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid as the test specimen. Of the 43 cases enrolled in the study, PCR was positive in 12 cases, shell vial in eight, culture in ...
Armstrong R A - - 1996
The density of beta-amyloid (A beta) deposits was studied in the medial temporal lobe in non-demented individuals and in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (SAD) and Down's syndrome (DS). No A beta deposits were recorded in six of the non-demented cases, while in a further eight cases, these were confined to either ...
Chitnavis J P - - 1996
A male with a complete third leg in association with genito-urinary, anorectal, and colonic defects and an Arnold-Chiari malformation is described at birth and at 16 years of age following surgery. A short review of similar cases over the last century is presented and reference made to reported induction of ...
Goldman S A - - 1996
Classifying neurotoxicity in relation to neuroleptic use has been a longstanding concern with clinical, research, and epidemiologic import. This study examines the clinical manifestations of neurotoxicity and current concepts regarding its classification. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Spontaneous Reporting System data base and extant literature were reviewed for lithium/neuroleptic ...
Chen C S - - 1995
The Acuson 128 XP color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) unit has been applied to cases of infertility in the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital infertility clinic since November 1992. Seventy-four infertile males (group I) and 82 fertile cases (group II) with clinical obvious varicocele (detected by physical examination) were enrolled in this ...
Smith D M - - 1995
This article reviews epidemiological, neurological, cognitive, and imaging data on alcohol-induced dementia. Recent studies indicate that "heavy alcohol use" (variously defined) is a contributing factor in 21-24% of cases of dementia. Research difficulties include lack of positive diagnostic criteria, few post-mortem studies, and no accepted pathological mechanism. Sulcal widening and ...
Pugh R - - 1995
One hundred chronic sufferers attending a tinnitus outpatient clinic completed self-report questionnaires assessing the quantity of alcohol they consumed weekly and its effect on tinnitus. The results showed a mixed effect of alcohol on tinnitus with 22% of the sample reporting that drinking worsened tinnitus, 62% reporting no effect of ...
Zimmerman H J - - 1995
Hepatic injury in alcoholics due to intake of acetaminophen (APAP or acetylparaaminophenol) with therapeutic intent has been reported, but the extent of the phenomenon is not clear, pertinent details of the association remain insufficiently clarified, and the importance of the phenomenon is not widely appreciated. The present report describes 67 ...
Martin L A - - 1995
The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) designed a random sampling process and observed its influence upon radiotherapy review mechanisms in cooperative group clinical trials. The method of sampling cases for review was modeled from sampling techniques commonly used in pharmaceutical quality assurance programs, and applied to the initial (on-study) review ...
Joseph A P - - 1995
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a rare complication of alcoholism. There have been recent reports that hyponatremia and its rapid correction are of aetiological significance in the development of CPM. We describe the case of a 47-year-old alcoholic who developed CPM and subsequently recovered. Alcoholic and psychiatric patients are at ...
Stevenson I - - 1995
This paper reports an analysis of the features of 122 cases of persons who became ill or even came close to death, but who survived and afterward reported that during the experience they recalled memories of earlier events in their lives. The life review varied widely in its form; the ...
Ghosh S - - 1995
A bacteriological work on surface infections was done among live births (study group I) and neonates admitted in hospital (study group II). Out of 134 cases of conjunctivitis in group I Gram-negative bacilli predominated (48.5%) with Escherichia coli accounting for 29 (14.9%) cases, Klebsiella species 15 (11.2%) cases, Citrobacter freundii ...
Combemale P - - 1995
'Milia en plaque' is an unusual skin disease. Up to date only 6 cases have been reported, and all of them were located in the retro-auricular area. We report herein the first case of milia en plaque developed in the supraclavicular area. The absence of a known aetiologic factor in ...
Hirato M - - 1995
Regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRGlu-18FDG) was measured in 6 cases with rigid type Parkinson's disease (PD) (2 cases with dopa-induced dyskinesia = DID), 6 cases with chorea (Ch), 5 cases with essential tremor (EssT) and 2 cases with normal subjects (N). The effects of L-Dopa on rCMRGlu was studied in ...
Savonius B - - 1994
Amino alcohols are used in various industries, often as minor constituents of compounds to modify the properties of the compound. Generally, they are considered to be safe, but they have been known to cause local skin irritation at higher concentrations in solutions. We report on three cases of occupational asthma ...
Mullen P E - - 1994
Fourteen patients with pathologies of love (erotomania) are presented; all stalked the object of their disordered affections. These cases were encountered in forensic practice and were personally assessed, and in most cases managed, by the authors. Victim impact reports or depositions made by the objects of these patients' unwanted attentions ...
Pan J F - - 1994
To investigate the relationship between IUD-induced menorrhagia and spiral arteriolar function, we examined the endometrium under light and electron microscope on samples obtained within 24 hours after the onset of premenstrual spotting. These samples included an IUD bleeding group (20 cases), an IUD non-bleeding group (20 cases) and an IUD ...
Slowey M J - - 1994
Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus is a rare cause of peripartum infection, but it remains an extremely virulent pathogen with devastating consequences, thus requiring awareness of its presentation. We describe a case of fulminant group A Streptococcus sepsis resulting in a generalized Shwartzman reaction and death in a woman 48 hours ...
Inukai T - - 1994
Expression of surface and cytoplasmic antigens on the blasts from 42 cases of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) were analysed. All with childhood T-ALL, except for one case expressing cytoplasmic TCR delta chain, were classified on the basis of differential expression of cytoplasmic CD3 (cCD3), TCR beta chain (cTCR ...
Topalo─člu H - - 1994
Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) are heterogenous in clinical and pathologic manifestations. The "pure" classical form includes cases without severe impairment of intellectual development (Type 1), and cases with normal or subnormal IQ which show white matter hypodensity on CT scan examination. This latter group is sometimes called the "occidental type ...
Lakie M - - 1994
Ethanol reduces the size of essential tremor. We here show that, contrary to a recent report, ethanol also causes a large decrease in the size of physiological tremor. As in the case of essential tremor, the frequency is not changed. The reduction in tremor probably explains the well-known link between ...
Regillo C D - - 1994
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of digital indocyanine green (ICG) angiography as an adjunct to fluorescein angiography in the diagnosis and treatment of ill-defined choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed all ICG angiograms performed at Wills Eye Hospital from March to July ...
Verbraeken H - - 1994
In a group of 615 cases of perforating trauma, 25 cases (4%) of proven endophthalmitis were seen. The percentage of Bacillus infections was unusually high compared to other types of endophthalmitis (3.8% for the whole group, 31% for the group with intraocular foreign bodies). Bacillus cases have a very poor ...
Ganguly G - - 1993
The present study was undertaken to find out the profile of women undergoing medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) in Hospital, 1000 consecutive cases undergoing MTP at RG Kar Medical College and Hospital were studied. 95.6% cases were married and 4.4% cases were unmarried. In the whole series, 7.6% cases were ...
Conte D - - 1993
The prevalence of cholelithiasis and possible related factors was evaluated in 350 consecutive patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (218 cases, 174 male and 44 female, mean age 58 +/- 9 years) or genetic haemochromatotic cirrhosis (132 cases, 115 male and 17 female, mean age 53 +/- 10 years). At enrollment patients ...
Hingson R - - 1993
In a review of the English language literature on alcohol and unintentional injury we identified 21 studies on falls, 36 on drownings and 32 on burns from 1947-1986. The proportion of fatal and non-fatal fall victims who had been drinking ranged from 21-77%, and 18-53% respectively. In three more recent ...
Morales Suárez-Valera M M - - 1993
Between 1985-1989 were diagnosed 376 cases of TBC in "La Fe" hospital in Valencia. 36 of this cases also had AIDS. We have carried out a compared study among the 340 cases of TBC and the 36 cases of AIDS+TBC. In this way we have described the social and work ...
Valdés L - - 1993
We compared the parameters pleural adenosine deaminase (PADA, determined in 405 patients), the PADA/serum ADA ratio (P/SADA; 276 cases), pleural lysozyme (PLYS, 276 cases), the PLYS/serum LYS ratio (P/SLYS; 276 cases), and pleural interferon gamma (IFN, 145 cases) regarding their ability to differentiate tuberculous pleural effusions from others. The 405 ...
Haas N - - 1993
In a prospective study, 51 tibial shaft fractures with severe open or closed soft tissue damage were treated with a new, thin (8 mm or 9 mm) solid locking nail, inserted without reaming. At 6 months or more after trauma, 43 cases were reviewed. Fractures were classified according to Müller ...
al-Jarallah K F - - 1992
The purpose of this report is to review rheumatic complications associated with alcoholism. Data were collected by an English-language literature search using MEDLINE (1966 to December 1991) and references from identified articles. Studies in humans, including case reports of joint disease and allied disorders associated with alcoholism, were reviewed. According ...
Hashimoto M - - 1992
The author relates his experience with a case of psychotic personality organization manifesting transsexualism spanning about 10 years. This paper presents the case and discusses the psychodynamics together with the course of therapy. The patient was a case of primary transsexualism who fell into hallucinatory-delusional states each time he seriously ...
Sugishita M - - 1992
Owing to the Japanese language's unique writing system, which consists of phonograms and ideograms, reading impairments of Japanese brain-damaged patients have attracted the interest of many researchers. Past case reports as well as some widely accepted handbooks and textbooks have concluded that a specific aphasia type or lesion site is ...
Loftus I A - - 1992
Violence and violent death are everyday events in present-day South Africa. Although this phenomenon may be attributed in great part to the sociopolitical environment, the single most important underlying common factor is the presence of alcohol in both the perpetrators of violence and their victims. We retrospectively studied 948 cases ...
Nonomura A - - 1992
Alcohol-like liver injury (ALLI) in non-alcoholics has not been elucidated in Japan. The present study attempted to characterize the clinicopathologic features of ALLI in routine liver biopsies. ALLI was found in 1% of 561 biopsy cases obtained from 1988 to May, 1991 at Kanazawa University Hospital. Laboratory data characteristically showed ...
Madsen M - - 1992
A total of 143 secretions from clinical cases of summer mastitis (SM) in grazing cattle and from 89 cases of pyogenes mastitis (PM) in stabled cattle were examined bacteriologically. The typical bacteriological finding was a mixed flora in which the predominant organisms were Actinomyces pyogenes (SM-70%, PM-85%), Peptostreptococcus indolicus (54%, ...
Briglia E J - - 1992
Ethanol was determined by gas chromatography in a variety of tissues and body fluids secured at autopsy in 61 cases. The specimens tested included right and left heart blood, femoral blood, pericardial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, vitreous humor, urine, stomach contents, and brain. Statistical analysis of the cases revealed no significant ...
Mao L K - - 1992
The medical records of 48 patients with culture-positive streptococcal endophthalmitis diagnosed between January 1977 and May 1990 were reviewed. The viridans group streptococci were isolated in 24 (50%) of the 48 cases, enterococci in 13 cases (27.1%), Streptococcus pneumoniae in six cases (12.5%), and beta-hemolytic streptococci in six (12.5%) of ...
Hamilton M R - - 1992
The notes of 100 acute orthopaedic admissions were examined to discover the number of cases in which doctors considered, identified or addressed problems of alcohol misuse. The adequacy with which routine drinking histories were recorded was also examined. Overall, 17.5% of male and 4% of female patients were identified as ...
Riordan C A - - 1992
We present four cases of a distinctive type of pigmented purpuric eruption occurring in a striking linear and pseudo-dermatomal distribution in young males. Whilst these cases share some of the clinical and histological features of other pigmented purpuric dermatoses, they are not readily classified with any of the entities so ...
O'Brart D P - - 1992
Metastatic bacterial endophthalmitis is an uncommon and serious infection, that can be caused by a variety of bacteria. Group B streptococci have rarely been implicated. We report four cases of metastatic endophthalmitis in adults caused by group B streptococci. The organisms were isolated from the eyes and blood in each ...
Giannini A J - - 1992
The authors present two cases of khat addiction that were successfully treated with bromocriptine. Khat is a bush cultivated in the Mid East because of its highly stimulant effects. Its leaves contain a variety of sympathomimetics. While khat is rarely found in the U.S., American soldiers stationed in the Arabian ...
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