Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 510
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Chowdhury Parimal - - 2006
Use of alcohol is a worldwide habit regardless of socio-economic background. Heavy alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor for induction of pancreatitis. The current review cites the updated literature on the alcohol metabolism, its effects on gastrointestinal and pancreatic function and in causing pancreatic injury, genetic predisposition of alcohol ...
Dykhouse Vance J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: A 4-year collaborative project between the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) and 15 American orthodontic graduate programs concluded at the ABO Clinical Examination in February 2006. METHODS: Fifty recent graduates (the pilot study group) presented cases that were treated in their graduate programs as partial fulfillment of the requirements ...
Bingler Michael A - - 2007
Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is rare in children under 2 years of age. This is related in part to the disease patterns of group A streptococcus (GAS) and in part to impaired immunogenicity in infants. We report the case of a 14-month-old child with APSGN following GAS pharyngitis. This case ...
Lihong Sun - - 2006
In order to observe the therapeutic effects of He-Ne laser auricular irradiation plus body acupuncture for acne vulgaris, 68 cases of acne vulgaris were randomly divided into a treatment group of 36 cases treated with He-Ne laser auricular irradiation plus body acupuncture, and a control group of 32 cases treated ...
Bray Susan - - 2006
Two cases of group A streptococcus (GAS) causing vulvovaginitis in premenopausal adults are described. A review of the literature of genital GAS is made, as this is an uncommon cause of vulvovaginitis in premenopausal adults. Contrasts are made between anogenital carriage of GAS and group B streptococcus (GBS) to highlight ...
Gee Caroline - - 2006
It has been anecdotally suggested that alcohol stimulates appetite and so increases energy intake in people who have poor appetite. This review sought to systematically review the evidence for this practice, using the mini-review approach (Griffiths, 2002). Among the eight studies reviewed, only one showed a significant difference in appetite ...
Heller Debra S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with significant morbidity. Bacterial vaginosis is due to an overgrowth of anaerobic organisms in the vagina. It has been postulated that the presence of Trichomonas creates an anaerobic environment that favors BV. Thus, BV should be more frequent in the presence of Trichomonas if ...
Gillin Michael T - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the quality assurance methodology used by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group in the first cooperative group, multi-institution Phase II trial of transrectal ultrasound guided permanent radioactive implantation of the prostate for definitive treatment of localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Participating institutions were credentialed to ...
Kawai Toshio - - 2006
Modern consciousness is a cultural and historical achievement in the West and a developmental task for each person now. Modern consciousness consists in the emancipation from the power of community, animistic nature and the unconscious. It is connected with neurosis and psychotherapy because it has to do with inner conflicts. ...
Bortolotti Federica - - 2006
The diagnosis of alcohol abuse based on objective data is a necessary requirement in both clinical and forensic environments. Among the different biomarkers of chronic alcohol abuse, carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is world wide recognized as the most reliable indicator. However, several problems about the real meaning of CDT and the ...
Hassa H - - 2006
This study was an attempt to determine whether the hormonal and clinical profiles of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or non-PCOS cases whose only admission signs were oligo/anovulation or hirsutism. This retrospective study comprised a total number of 118, age-matched, young Turkish women with initial admission signs and symptoms of menstrual ...
Seo Ill Young - - 2006
Cryptococcal infection primarily involves the lung and is hematogenously spread to other organs. Sometimes it might affect the genitourinary tract, and rare cases have been reported involving the prostate without systemic infection. We report a case of granulomatous prostatitis as a result of Cryptococcus neoformans yeast in an immunocompromised patient ...
Miyairi Isao - - 2006
This report presents three cases of neonatal group B streptococcal ventriculitis and assesses seven others identified by a literature review. In contrast to the well described acute manifestations of group B streptococcal meningitis, disease onset tended to be insidious with four of seven cases presenting over a period of 1 ...
Yokota Osamu - - 2006
Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration (ACD) is a pivotal neurological complication in alcoholics. However, although there are a few autopsy reports and some data on its frequency, it is considered very rare in Japan. The aims of this study were (1) to estimate the frequency of the disease in Japanese autopsy cases, ...
Roach Richard - - 2006
We present a case of multifocal osteonecrosis secondary to alcohol ingestion in a middle aged lady, after the exclusion of other causal factors. It presented initially with knee pain and subsequently necessitated arthroplasty; other areas became more problematic. This condition is rare and we present a literature review that reveals ...
Inoue Hiromasa - - 2006
We retrospectively reviewed 35 autopsy cases where death had resulted from homicidal sharp force injuries and compared cases where the injuries had been inflicted by family members or relatives (relative group) with cases where the injuries had been inflicted by an unrelated person (stranger group). We reviewed the age and ...
Høiseth Gudrun - - 2007
The possibility of post-mortem production of ethanol makes correct interpretation of ethanol detection in forensic autopsy samples difficult. Even though the levels of ethanol formed post-mortem are generally low, this may be highly relevant in cases where intake of alcohol was forbidden, for instance for pilots, professional drivers and countries ...
Mochizuki Kazuhiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The severity of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) due to Diego(b) (Di(b)) mismatch ranges from no symptoms to severe jaundice that requires exchange transfusion (ET). The clinical significance of anti-Di(b) is incompletely recognized. CASE REPORT: A male newborn, referred with jaundice, was revealed to have HDN due to ...
Lesieur O - - 2006
Massive alcohol intake usually resolves in a banal headache. We report a case of a patient presenting with acute alcohol intoxication in which the ensuing "hangover" was due to a knife blade deeply retained in the brain parenchyma. This case underlines the unpredictability of retained foreign bodies without a high ...
Lucas Jennifer L - - 2006
Localized scaling and hyperpigmentation is a common finding and often a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Dermatosis neglecta (DN) represents a failure to adequately clean or scrub the skin, often in an area of hyperesthesia or prior trauma. We identified five cases of DN in two clinical practices in just the ...
Mai Kien T - - 2006
Clear cell (CRCC) and papillary (PRCC) renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are the two most frequent subtypes of RCC. In this study, we studied RCC which displayed a hybrid morphology with areas of PRCC and CRCC or which contained papillary structures with clear cell changes (CCC). Consecutive cases of RCC collected ...
Wastensson Gunilla - - 2006
We report a cluster of five cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) among paper mill workers exposed to a fungicide, diphenyl. The cause of PD is still unknown, but epidemiological studies have indicated an elevated risk of developing PD after exposure to pesticides. The five cases of PD were found in ...
Endo Tetsu - - 2005
Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) is extremely rare and the pathogenesis of this is still unknown. We report a case of AEN caused by alcohol abuse. In our case, the main pathogenesis could be accounted for low systemic perfusion caused by severe alcoholic lactic acidosis. After the healing of AEN, balloon ...
Marinella Mark A - - 2005
Fournier gangrene is a life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal-scrotal area that occurs in diabetic males. Patients typically present with systemic toxicity and significant inflammatory changes in the scrotum and perineum. Most cases of Fournier gangrene are polymicrobic and require urgent surgical debridement and broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. We describe a ...
Norton Steven H - - 2005
A series of gas-phase nucleophilic substitution reactions at sulfur of methanesulfinyl derivatives by small anions (chloride, cyanide, hydroxide, methoxide, amide, and phosphide, identical to the leaving group in each case) were examined by Hartree-Fock, MP2, and DFT computations. In most cases, substitution was found to follow an addition-elimination mechanism, resulting ...
Elliott Simon P - - 2005
Many suspected victims of surreptitious drug and/or alcohol administration may present to hospitals or healthcare centres and never come to the attention of forensic or law enforcement professionals. Therefore, it is necessary to include clinical toxicological findings in order to assess the growing perception that instances have become more widespread ...
Reilly Christopher M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of pigment dispersion and inflammation in the pathogenesis of goniodysgenesis-related glaucoma (GDRG). PROCEDURES: Cases of GDRG were selected when the duration of the disease was specified and there was not any confounding pathology. Cases were grouped into < or = 7-day (acute), and > 7-day ...
Addolorato Giovanni - - 2005
Craving plays an important role in the pathogenesis of alcohol dependence and relapse. In this review we have tried to analyse how many contrasting theories have been formulated in order to clarify the concept of craving. Many complex neurobiochemical mechanisms are implicated in the etiology of craving; these mechanisms involve ...
Harish K - - 2005
Portal hypertension is often associated with an extensive collateral circulation. The paraumbilical vein is a relatively common collateral pathway recognized in these patients but cutaneous bleeding from the umbilicus is rare; the same as first manifestation of cirrhosis is exceptional. We report a case of umbilical venous bleed causing hemodynamic ...
Mather Charles - - 2005
Occurrences of panic attacks associated with belief in genital retraction have been described in the anthropological and psychological literature in terms of culture bound reactive syndromes. Similar phenomena occur widely in West Africa, where they are reported as cases of penis snatching. Explanations for these phenomena range from the biomedical ...
Unal Sule - - 2005
Mitochondrial cytopathies are a group of heterogeneous disorders characterized by multisystem involvement. Renal involvement in mitochondrial cytopathies is usually manifested as tubular dysfunction owing to impaired energy metabolism; however, a few cases with glomerular changes have also been reported. Herein we report the case of a 4-month-old Turkish girl with ...
Mor Beny - - 2005
The present paper discusses the advent and significance of erotic feelings in psychotherapy based on the intersubjective theory. It briefly reviews the coalescence of the tradition of avoidance of physical contact in psychotherapy, and the classical and contemporary approaches to erotic transference. A clinical case is presented in an attempt ...
Mohanty Srujana - - 2004
Group C streptococci are a common cause of infection in animals and a rare cause of bacteremia in human beings. The entity is often seen in elderly people with a severe underlying illness. We report here the only case of Group C streptococcal bacteremia reported in our hospital, caused by ...
Allen Elizabeth S - - 2004
Relationships between patterns of extradyadic involvement (EDI) and adult attachment were examined separately with undergraduates and community adults reporting prior EDI. Those with fearful or preoccupied styles reported more intimacy motivations for EDI, and undergraduates with these styles also reported more self-esteem motivations. Conversely, those with a dismissive style reported ...
Dawes P J D - - 2004
When reporting the results of tympanoplasty, the postoperative air-bone gap (ABG) presented in 10 dB bins, ABG closure and air conduction threshold gain are commonly reported indicators of tympanoplasty outcome. When tympanoplasty is performed, the reconstruction aims either to improve hearing threshold or to maintain satisfactory thresholds, that is, the ...
Segal Jose - - 2004
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a controversial treatment modality that is only rarely performed on children and adolescents. There is a marked paucity of published data relating to the indications, use, clinical outcome and complications of ECT in this age group. The ethical and moral issues surrounding the use and in ...
Ignacio De la Riva
The taxonomic status of Bufo simus Schmidt, 1857, is reviewed. Comparisons of the lectotype with members of different species groups of South American Bufo, reveal that B. simus is a junior synonym of Bufo spinulosus Wiegmann.
Xie H Bill - - 2004
To determine the effect of stereotactic core-needle biopsy (SCNB) on the utilization of breast fine-needle aspirate (FNA) biopsy, we retrospectively reviewed 1,568 cases of breast FNAs that were obtained from 1,188 patients between the years 1990 and 2000. There were 378 positive and atypical cases and 497 negative and unsatisfactory ...
Curnier Alain - - 2004
Rhinophyma is a relatively common condition in the west of Scotland. The Canniesburn Plastic Surgery Unit receives 12 to 13 new patients per year for surgical treatment. The reported incidence of simultaneous carcinoma in the setting of rhinophyma is on the order of 15 to 30 percent. There are conflicting ...
Engler K H - - 2004
It has been estimated that in England and Wales, in 2002, 15% of all invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) cases were amongst injecting drug users (IDUs). This study sought to clarify the extent of this problem in the Yorkshire and Humber region by asking laboratories for further information on reported ...
Tooher Rebecca - - 2004
Alcohol-based skin preparations are known to be flammable. Their use continues despite a significant level of risk. Two cases of fires resulting from ignition of pooled alcohol-based skin preparations are reported. Both cases were associated with use of electrocautery for haemostasis. The literature is reviewed and recommendations are made to ...
Chaudhary Sonal - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the past decades, the widespread use of cross-trigonal ureteral reimplants for the treatment of children with vesicoureteral reflux has resulted in a large population of patients with transversely lying ureters. As this population gets older they will consequently be entering an age group at higher risk for stone ...
Zhang Jingzu - - 2004
PURPOSE: To observe the therapeutic effect of needling at Neiguan (PC 6) plus oral administration of mexiletine. METHODS: 60 cases of frequent ventricular extrasystole were randomly divided into two groups: a treatment group, and a control group. In the control group, mexiletine was orally administered, and in the treatment group ...
Garson Mary J - - 2004
This review highlights structural and biosynthetic work on a group of nitrogen-functionalised terpenes that are almost exclusively found in marine invertebrates and the animals that feed on them. The chemical functionality reviewed includes isocyanides, isothiocyanates, formamides, thiocyanates, isocyanates, and dichloroimines. The literature through mid 2003 is reviewed and there are ...
Ziakas N G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis due to group G Streptococcus after a dental procedure. METHODS: Case report of a 69-year-old woman who presented with pain, decreased vision, bilateral uveitis, and a unilateral hypopyon 1 week after treatment for an abscessed tooth. RESULTS: Bilateral endophthalmitis was diagnosed, ...
Reeves William C - - 2003
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is defined by symptoms and disability, has no confirmatory physical signs or characteristic laboratory abnormalities, and the etiology and pathophysiology remain unknown. Difficulties with accurate case ascertainment contribute to this ignorance. Experienced investigators from around the world who are involved in CFS research met for a ...
Ryszard Ochyra
Arctoa fulvella (Dicks.) Bruch & Schimp. is reported for the first time in the Southern Hemisphere from Isla Navarino (Chile) in the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. The species (and genus) is established as another bipolar moss disjunct and its global range is reviewed and mapped. Bipolar disjuncts in mosses are ...
Soga J - - 2003
Endocrinocarcinomas consisting of carcinoids and their variant carcinomas with endocrine features are neoplasms of relatively rare occurrence but have often been reported in many countries and regions of the world. The largest series of 13715 cases from the United States was published in 2003. A total number of 11842 reported ...
Mello Michael J - - 2003
Our objective was to examine attitudes on reporting alcohol-impaired drivers by physicians of different specialties who are most likely to treat motor vehicle crash (MVC) patients. Specific objectives included examining 1) degree of comfort with reporting to police or Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), 2) variability in attitudes across specialties ...
Connors Gerard J - - 2003
Subject self-reports are the primary source of research and clinical data on drinking behavior. In this report, we review and summarize the current literature on the reliability and accuracy of alcohol abusers' self-reports of alcohol consumption and related behaviors in relation to similar reports provided by collateral informants. Recent research ...
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