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De Sousa Avinash - - 2009
Alcohol dependence is a major health problem worldwide. Various pharmacological agents have been used in the management of alcohol dependence. This review looks at the role of topiramate and other anticonvulsants in the management of alcohol dependence. Topiramate is the most widely used anticonvulsant in the treatment of alcohol dependence. ...
Mookadam Farouk - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although recent literature suggests a changing spectrum for infectious pericarditis (IP), this view has not been proven. In this report, we aim to review the features of IP in cases from a large tertiary centre. METHODS: A retrospective review of our institution's database was conducted to identify cases with ...
Maillart Elisabeth - - 2009
Adult leukodystrophies with neuroaxonal spheroids (LNS) constitute a heterogeneous group of genetic diseases. Herein, we report on two unrelated patients with LNS characterized by rapid onset, predominant involvement of the frontal white matter, and areas of decreased apparent diffusion coefficient on diffusion-weighted imaging. We found similar cases in the literature ...
Erdem Guliz - - 2009
Group C streptococci rarely cause severe disease in humans. The authors report a 15-year-old girl with group C streptococcal pneumonia. No immune deficiencies were detected in our patient and investigation of virulence factors including emmL, sag A, spegg and smeZ genes failed to reveal insight into why the isolated group ...
Meishvili N V - - 2009
The causes of aggression in rhesus macaques kept in a corral are considered with cognizance of the composition of conflicting pairs and the types of aggression. More than 85% of cases of aggressive interactions seen on the background of a peaceful setting in the group were found to occur in ...
Whitford Jennifer L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The validity of self-report data is an area of continuing concern in the substance abuse treatment field. It is uncertain how well self-report of alcohol relapse corresponds with more objective indices. METHODS: We compared the self-report of alcohol relapse to collateral reports and biological indices of relapse. Twelve-month post-treatment ...
Baba Akiko - - 2009
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that summating potential/action potential (SP/AP) area ratio may not necessarily have higher sensitivity in the diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops of Meniere's disease (MD) than SP/AP amplitude ratio in transtympanic electrocochleography (ECochG). OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggested that SP/AP area curve ratio was more sensitive to endolymphatic hydrops ...
Lamminpää Anne - - 2009
We report a case of severe ethanol intoxications in a 14-year-old boy whose starting blood alcohol concentration was 490 mg/dL. The intoxication led to coma with hypoventilation, hypoxemia, hypothermia, and a life-threatening situation. Elimination of ethanol followed nonlinear first-order concentration-dependent pharmacokinetics. Fluid balance was disturbed because of marked diuresis, and ...
Yang Zhaohai - - 2009
Hemoglobin (Hb) A2 electrophoresis has been used for prenatal screening for the beta-thalassemia trait (betaTT). We retrospectively reviewed Hb capillary electrophoresis performed in our laboratory. We found that of the 122 cases showing elevated HbA2 levels, 79 cases were due to hemoglobinopathies, mostly HbS. Review of the RBC indices suggested ...
Nogueira Ana - - 2009
Pellagra is a nutritional disease caused by the deficiency of niacin. It presents with a photodistributed rash, gastrointestinal symptoms, and neuropsychiatric disturbances. In the Western world, this disease is mostly confined to alcoholics or the impoverished. However, this condition must be recognized in other clinical settings because it is easily ...
Al-Sinawi Hamed - - 2008
This article describes a case of koro-like symptoms from Oman associated with alcohol withdrawal and illustrates how the socio-cultural practices of Ramadan-fasting affected the patterning and timing of presentation of severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms. The patient was severely distressed by the delusion that his penis had been amputated. The acute ...
Shim Michael - - 2008
Multinodular fatty liver (MNFL) is a pattern of fatty infiltration of the liver characterized by multiple well-circumscribed nodules on hepatic imaging, often raising the concern of metastatic malignancy. Here we describe a case of MNFL and review the published literature. There is likely some association between traditional risk factors for ...
Edwards G T - - 2008
Sarcina species are fastidious Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that occur in cubical packets of eight or more cells. In 2006 to 2007, they were associated with cases of acute abomasal bloat in young lambs and calves. Two incidents were in lambs aged three to six weeks that were found dead, with ...
de Feraudy Sebastien - - 2008
Atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX) (dermal pleomorphic sarcoma) remains a somewhat controversial entity. Some authors have averred that AFX is a fiction, suggesting that such lesions merely represent misclassified examples of spindled squamous cell carcinoma. In addition, the immunoperoxidase confirmation of AFX has been less than straightforward and has historically been approached ...
Salge Ana Karina Marques - - 2008
Infants who die during the perinatal period could present the following upon examination of the ribs: alterations of the osteochondral junction (OCJ) that could be related to intrauterine growth restriction, placental alterations, maternal disorders, and congenital abnormalities. The aim of this study was to identify the morphological alterations of the ...
Liao Chun-Hsing - - 2008
A retrospective observational study in Taiwan, 1998-2004, identified 92 patients with group G streptococcal bacteremia; 86 had Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis. The most common diagnosis was cellulitis (48 cases), followed by primary bacteremia (34 cases). Infection recurred in 9 patients. Mortality rate was low (3.3%); resistance to quinupristin-dalfopristin was high.
Ghosh Anirban - - 2008
Rhinosporidiosis is an infection caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi that frequently presents as polypoidal nasal lesions. Here, we report two cases of rhinosporidiosis with unusual presentations. The first case presented in our department with chronic dacryocystitis of left side for endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endoscopic DCR) operation. The second case presented as a ...
Tinn Oive - - 2008
Dating evolutionary origins of taxa is essential for understanding rates and timing of evolutionary events, often inciting intense debate when molecular estimates differ from first fossil appearances. For numerous reasons, ostracods present a challenging case study of rates of evolution and congruence of fossil and molecular divergence time estimates. On ...
Dicker Gertjan J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Surgical mandibular advancement procedures induce major adaptations of jaw-closing muscles. In this study, adaptation of antagonist muscles, the lateral pterygoid (LPM) and anterior digastric (DigA) muscles, was evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen adult patients with mandibular retrognathia and individually varying vertical craniofacial dimensions were treated with bilateral sagittal split osteotomies ...
Tian Huazhang - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate therapeutic effects of the combined use of acupuncture and Chinese medicines in 63 cases of menopausal syndrome. METHODS: Ninety-three cases of menopausal syndrome were randomly divided into 2 groups. Sixty-three cases of the treatment group were treated by the combined use of acupuncture and Chinese medicines. Thirty ...
Saha Somnath - - 2008
Foreign body impaction in aero digestive tract in infancy is difficult to diagnose sometimes. In this review of five unusual cases of occult foreign body impaction in aero digestive tract has been presented and their management discussed.
Kocatürk Emek - - 2008
Reticulate Acropigmentation of Kitamura (RAPK) was first described in Japan and most cases reported have been in patients of Asian ethnic groups. Angulated, slightly atrophic, hyperpigmented macules that are arranged in a reticulate pattern are typically found on the dorsal hands and feet. The condition is inherited in an autosomal ...
Pipili Chrisoula - - 2008
Many of the vitamin deficiency diseases have been almost completely eliminated in developed countries. Niacin deficiency is considered one of them. However, cases of pellagra are recently reported in West Europe, USA, Australia, and Japan in connection with chronic alcoholism, gastrointestinal malabsorption, and some medications. We report two cases of ...
Lai Hon-Sun - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports the results of implementing a pilot case management system for work injuries in Hong Kong. The case management approach was characterized by use of a case manager who worked closely with each of the reported injury cases. The case manager undertook the roles of assessor, referral ...
Karimi Mehran - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Thalassemia is the most common hereditary blood disorder in the world. Iran is located on the thalassemic belt and there is a high prevalence of the hepatosplenomegaly in beta thalassemia minor patients which is reported to be very variable. The goal of this research was to study the frequency ...
Skeate Robert C - - 2007
We developed a personal digital assistant-based knowledgebase of surgical pathology report content recommendations and performed an experimental trial to test if the knowledgebase improved report completeness. The 15 experimental group and 13 control group residents were given microscope slides and corresponding reports with the final diagnosis section blanked-out, and were ...
Burka Jane B - - 2007
In case conferences as well as didactic seminars, the power of the group can bring psychoanalytic education to life. However, primitive anxieties activated by group dynamics may also interfere with teaching and learning. The authors offer the example of a stalemated private practice case conference that had unconsciously organized against ...
Roulet Jean-François - - 2007
The method used by the working group was an iterative process based upon a structured review of the relevant literature by a group of rapporteurs. The literature was searched using common databanks (e.g., Medline, Pubmed, Cochrane Library etc.), and also by performing manual searches in the non-indexed literature. The review ...
Li Pi-Peng - - 2007
Gliding is an energetically efficient mode of locomotion that has evolved independently, and in different ways, in several tetrapod groups. Here, we report on an acrodontan lizard from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Group of China showing an array of morphological traits associated with gliding. It represents the only known occurrence ...
Xiang Zuo-Fu - - 2007
Although infanticide has been witnessed in many species of Colobinae, and a case was observed in a captive group of golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana), observed cases of infanticide in wild snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus spp.) have not previously been recorded. Here we describe the killing of a 1-month-old infant by ...
Théoret Marie-Claude - - 2007
The objective of the study was to evaluate, retrospectively, carpal and tarsal arthrodesis in small dogs and cats by using veterinary cuttable plates in 6 animals and comparing those with arthrodesis stabilized with other implants in 9 animals. Veterinary cuttable plates were used for 1 pancarpal, 2 partial tarsal, and ...
Rennison Callie Marie - - 2007
Though reporting violence to the police has been extensively investigated, the nature of Hispanic reporting of victimization has not. This is surprising because Hispanics are the fastest growing and largest ethnic group in the United States. Using over a decade of data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, this article ...
Flammang Brooke E - - 2007
The genus Apristurus has been divided formerly into three species subgroups based on morphological and molecular phylogenies. Previous studies have agreed on the separation into distinct species groups, the largest two of which have been described as the brunneus and spongiceps groups. An examination of the egg cases produced by ...
Chowdhury Parimal - - 2006
Use of alcohol is a worldwide habit regardless of socio-economic background. Heavy alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor for induction of pancreatitis. The current review cites the updated literature on the alcohol metabolism, its effects on gastrointestinal and pancreatic function and in causing pancreatic injury, genetic predisposition of alcohol ...
Dykhouse Vance J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: A 4-year collaborative project between the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO) and 15 American orthodontic graduate programs concluded at the ABO Clinical Examination in February 2006. METHODS: Fifty recent graduates (the pilot study group) presented cases that were treated in their graduate programs as partial fulfillment of the requirements ...
Bingler Michael A - - 2007
Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is rare in children under 2 years of age. This is related in part to the disease patterns of group A streptococcus (GAS) and in part to impaired immunogenicity in infants. We report the case of a 14-month-old child with APSGN following GAS pharyngitis. This case ...
Lihong Sun - - 2006
In order to observe the therapeutic effects of He-Ne laser auricular irradiation plus body acupuncture for acne vulgaris, 68 cases of acne vulgaris were randomly divided into a treatment group of 36 cases treated with He-Ne laser auricular irradiation plus body acupuncture, and a control group of 32 cases treated ...
Bray Susan - - 2006
Two cases of group A streptococcus (GAS) causing vulvovaginitis in premenopausal adults are described. A review of the literature of genital GAS is made, as this is an uncommon cause of vulvovaginitis in premenopausal adults. Contrasts are made between anogenital carriage of GAS and group B streptococcus (GBS) to highlight ...
Gee Caroline - - 2006
It has been anecdotally suggested that alcohol stimulates appetite and so increases energy intake in people who have poor appetite. This review sought to systematically review the evidence for this practice, using the mini-review approach (Griffiths, 2002). Among the eight studies reviewed, only one showed a significant difference in appetite ...
Heller Debra S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with significant morbidity. Bacterial vaginosis is due to an overgrowth of anaerobic organisms in the vagina. It has been postulated that the presence of Trichomonas creates an anaerobic environment that favors BV. Thus, BV should be more frequent in the presence of Trichomonas if ...
Gillin Michael T - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the quality assurance methodology used by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group in the first cooperative group, multi-institution Phase II trial of transrectal ultrasound guided permanent radioactive implantation of the prostate for definitive treatment of localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Participating institutions were credentialed to ...
Kawai Toshio - - 2006
Modern consciousness is a cultural and historical achievement in the West and a developmental task for each person now. Modern consciousness consists in the emancipation from the power of community, animistic nature and the unconscious. It is connected with neurosis and psychotherapy because it has to do with inner conflicts. ...
Bortolotti Federica - - 2006
The diagnosis of alcohol abuse based on objective data is a necessary requirement in both clinical and forensic environments. Among the different biomarkers of chronic alcohol abuse, carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is world wide recognized as the most reliable indicator. However, several problems about the real meaning of CDT and the ...
Hassa H - - 2006
This study was an attempt to determine whether the hormonal and clinical profiles of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or non-PCOS cases whose only admission signs were oligo/anovulation or hirsutism. This retrospective study comprised a total number of 118, age-matched, young Turkish women with initial admission signs and symptoms of menstrual ...
Seo Ill Young - - 2006
Cryptococcal infection primarily involves the lung and is hematogenously spread to other organs. Sometimes it might affect the genitourinary tract, and rare cases have been reported involving the prostate without systemic infection. We report a case of granulomatous prostatitis as a result of Cryptococcus neoformans yeast in an immunocompromised patient ...
Miyairi Isao - - 2006
This report presents three cases of neonatal group B streptococcal ventriculitis and assesses seven others identified by a literature review. In contrast to the well described acute manifestations of group B streptococcal meningitis, disease onset tended to be insidious with four of seven cases presenting over a period of 1 ...
Yokota Osamu - - 2006
Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration (ACD) is a pivotal neurological complication in alcoholics. However, although there are a few autopsy reports and some data on its frequency, it is considered very rare in Japan. The aims of this study were (1) to estimate the frequency of the disease in Japanese autopsy cases, ...
Roach Richard - - 2006
We present a case of multifocal osteonecrosis secondary to alcohol ingestion in a middle aged lady, after the exclusion of other causal factors. It presented initially with knee pain and subsequently necessitated arthroplasty; other areas became more problematic. This condition is rare and we present a literature review that reveals ...
Inoue Hiromasa - - 2006
We retrospectively reviewed 35 autopsy cases where death had resulted from homicidal sharp force injuries and compared cases where the injuries had been inflicted by family members or relatives (relative group) with cases where the injuries had been inflicted by an unrelated person (stranger group). We reviewed the age and ...
Høiseth Gudrun - - 2007
The possibility of post-mortem production of ethanol makes correct interpretation of ethanol detection in forensic autopsy samples difficult. Even though the levels of ethanol formed post-mortem are generally low, this may be highly relevant in cases where intake of alcohol was forbidden, for instance for pilots, professional drivers and countries ...
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