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Arora S - - 2012
A 22-years-old lady presented with obstructed labor with a probable preoperative diagnosis of bladder/urethral injury. When a laparotomy was performed there was a complete urethral disruption at the vesicourethral junction with a big anterior forniceal tear in the vagina with intact uterus and cervix. The fetus had pushed itself through ...
Creager Mark A - - 2012
This article reviews the evaluation of patients with acute limb ischemia, including assessment of temperature, appearance, and pulses, by palpation and Doppler. Strategies for treatment of viable limbs are reviewed.
Henneman D - - 2012
The number of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) procedures for morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus will increase worldwide, and therefore, an increase in perioperative morbidity can be anticipated. The authors present three cases based on different complications after LRYGB to demonstrate the diagnostic challenge that clinicians face in ...
Günther Patrick - - 2012
The acute scrotum in childhood or adolescence is a medical emergency. Inadequate evaluation and delays in diagnosis and treatment can result in irreversible harm, up to and including loss of a testis. Various diseases can produce this clinical picture. The testis is ischemic in only about 20% of cases. This ...
Fridman Vera - - 2012
This article discusses the anatomy of lower limb mononeuropathies and reviews the general approach to evaluating patients in the electrodiagnostic laboratory with suspected mononeuropathies of the lower limb. Through illustrative cases of patients presenting with a floppy foot, buckling knee, or painful foot, the approaches using nerve conduction studies and ...
Tsivian Maria M - - 2012
A unique combined fistula involving simultaneously the bladder, ureter, and cervix following cesarean section is described. Evaluation, management, and review of the literature regarding this rare and challenging case are reported. This unique case report emphasizes the potential complexity of iatrogenic genitourinary fistulae, suggesting that these might have unexpected morphology ...
Yanjindulam P - - 2012
Documentation on the TB situation in prisons in developing countries is limited, and very few studies have quantitatively evaluated TB control programmes in prisons. This study aimed to evaluate TB control in Mongolian prisons by analysing routine programmatic data. The TB caseload in prisons has significantly diminished in the last ...
Bakheet Mohamed Abdel Al M - - 2012
Penile duplication (diphallus) is an extremely rare disorder. It is almost always associated with other malformations like double bladder, exstrophy of the cloacae, imperforate anus, duplication of the rectosigmoid and vertebral deformities. Meanwhile anal canal duplication, the most distal and least common duplication of the digestive tube and is a ...
Amano Masayuki M Nara Prefectural Nara Hospital, - - 2014
Emphysematous cystitis (EC) is a rare form of complicated urinary tract infection, its characteristic feature being gas within the bladder wall and lumen. Patients with EC present with variable clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic to severe sepsis. EC is typically observed in elderly women with severe diabetes mellitus. Escherichia coli ...
Ozkan Türker - - 2012
The validity of self-reported seatbelt use among low belt use populations in low belt use countries has not been evaluated directly. Nine hundred and ninety drivers were recruited from shopping centers, car parks, and other suitable locations located in Afyon and Ankara cities of Turkey in order to compare the ...
Sheldon Claire A - - 2012
The objectives of the present study were: (i) to examine the leading clinical indications and pathologic diagnoses of penetrating keratoplasties in Vancouver, BC; and (ii) to evaluate the correlation between the clinical and pathologic diagnoses. Retrospective chart review of all pathologic records of corneal tissue submitted to the Department of ...
Ehrenfeld Jesse M - - 2012
The Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston), a large academic center providing anesthesia services for more than 49,000 procedures each year, created an Ongoing Professional Practice Evaluation (OPPE) process that could use readily available, automatically captured electronic information from its vendor-provided anesthesia information management system. The OPPE credentialing committee selected the following ...
Penna Marta - - 2012
We present a case of bladder perforation secondary to intravesical instillation of mitomycin C following transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) and the role of early detection leading to successful conservative management. We also review the key relevant literature.
Vieira Fabiano M - - 2012
We report Dipylidium caninum for the first time in a wild carnivore in Brazil, the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous). Presence of the cestode could be the consequence of anthropogenic expansion into natural habitats of this host, as this parasite has only previously been reported in domestic hosts in Brazil.
Stamatiou Konstantinos - - 2012
Penile lymphoma is a very rare neoplasm. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented with phimosis. The patient also complained of frequent and painful urination. Upon examination a painless penile ulcer and multiple enlarged inguinal lymph nodes were found. The shaft of the penis and the prostate ...
Ohki Masafumi - - 2012
Deployment of the air bag in a passenger vehicle accident rarely causes otologic injuries. However, sensorineural hearing loss induced by air bag deployment is extremely rare, with only a few cases reported in the English literature. A 38-year-old man involved in a traffic accident while driving his car at 40 km/hour ...
Cain Rachel B - - 2012
Objectives. Pyriform sinus fistulae arise from disturbances in the development of the fetal third and fourth branchial pouches and are predominantly found on the left side. We report the rare case of a right-sided pyriform sinus fistula presenting as a lateral neck abscess. Study Design. Case report. Methods. A 24-year-old ...
Okwudili Obi Anselm - - 2012
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other deliberate injury to the female genital organs, either for cultural or non-therapeutic reasons. This barbaric act is accompanied by a variety of complications ranging from hemorrhage, fracture, infective complications, gynetresia, with its attendant ...
Wang Zhihua - - 2012
Plasmacytoid carcinoma of the urinary bladder or plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is a rare and only recently described histological variant of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). We herein report the clinical and histopathological features for a new case of PUC. By combining with those reported cases, we intend to define the ...
Paterson Anna A Bedford Hospital, Department of Urology, Bedfordshire, United - - 2012
Metastatic malignant melanoma of the urinary bladder is a rare clinical finding suggestive of advanced disease. Only 17 cases have been described in the English literature. We present a case of an 84-year-old male who was referred to the urology department with the incidental finding of bladder metastases on computed ...
Al-Qassim Zubair Z Urology Unit, Kettering General Hospital, Northamptonshire, United - - 2012
Spontaneous rupture of the urinary bladder (SRUB) is a rare urological emergency. It is usually secondary to an underlying pathology. An idiopathic entity has not been reported in the literature. We report a case of idiopathic SRUB in a young female presented with abdominal pain and acute renal injury in ...
Santos Reinaldo Benevides Dos - - 2011
Intestinal parasites induce detectable histopathological changes, which have been studied in groups with known diagnosis of parasitic disease. There is no available study with a larger base without previous diagnosis. To describe clinical and histopathological findings of parasitosis diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy in patients submitted to upper digestive endoscopy. Recorded ...
Jazaerly Tarek - - 2011
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH), also known as Masson's tumor, is a benign unusual vascular lesion thought to arise from an organizing thrombus. Histologically, IPEH is characterized by papillary fronds lined by proliferating endothelium that may mimic angiosarcoma, and therefore the correct diagnosis may prevent unnecessary radical procedures. Involvement of ...
Melo Marly de Fátima Carvalho de - - 2011
Satanoperca jurupari (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae) is reported for the first time to be parasitized by the nematodes Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) rarus Travassos, Artigas and Pereira, 1928, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sp., larvae of Raphidascaroides sp. and Anisakidae gen. sp., and by the acanthocephalan Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) paraguayensis Machado Filho (Rev Bras Biol 19:379-381, 1959).
Mertins James W - - 2011
Upon re-examination of preserved larval chiggers collected from spadefoot toads (Spea bombifrons and Spea multiplicata) in the Southern High Plains of Texas, USA, and identified previously as Hannemania sp., we found them to be Eutrombicula alfreddugesi. A review of previous reports of Eutrombicula spp. chiggers on amphibian hosts provides context ...
Peterson Michael R - - 2011
Several parasitic species are well known to have carcinogenic properties, namely; Schistosoma hematobium (squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder) and the liver flukes Opisthorchis and Chlonorchis (cholangiocarcinoma). A large number of parasites are known to colonize the gastrointestinal tract. We sought to review the evidence that implicates these parasites in ...
Pitanga Lukashok Hannah - - 2011
Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding appears to be uncommon in patients with parasites. In spite of that some reports had described this relationship in patients evaluated during capsule endoscopy procedures; the characteristic of the bleeding lesions remains unclear. This paper describes two patients with a massive obscure gastrointestinal bleeding due to ascariasis, ...
Evans Robin James - - 2011
A large, deep, soft tissue mass is often malignant in nature; however, a recent study described a large soft tissue mass present in morbidly obese patients that was found to be benign. Massive localized lymphedema (MLL) is a large pedunculated lymphadematous mass found in the lower extremity of morbidly obese ...
Yang Ki-Hwan - - 2011
Cerebellar hemorrhage occurs mainly due to hypertension. Postoperative cerebellar hemorrhage is known to be associated frequently with frontotemporal craniotomy, but quite rare with spine operation. A 56-year-old female received spinal fixation due to continuous leg tingling sensation for since two years ago. Twenty-one hours after operation, she was disoriented and ...
Irekpita Eshiobo - - 2011
We report a case of intravesical polyvinyl-coated electric wire in the urinary bladder. A 34-year-old man presented in our clinic with irritative lower urinary tract symptoms. Three weeks earlier he had seen and felt a wire in his urethra of which he was unaware of the origin. Radiologic evaluation revealed ...
Cameron Anne P - - 2011
To review the literature on the surgical and nonsurgical treatment options for stress urinary incontinence in women, focusing exclusively on randomized clinical trials and high quality meta-analyses. A computer-aided and manual search for published randomized controlled trials and high quality meta-analyses investigating both conservative and surgical treatment options for stress ...
Wadhwa Karan K Department of Urology, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, - - 2011
A 69-year-old man presented with sudden onset of macroscopic hematuria. While an ultrasound of the bladder revealed a posterior bladder mass, subsequent flexible cystoscopy demonstrated only an area of irregular urothelium. Initial general anesthetic cytoscopy and biopsy revealed conventional G2/3 T1 TCC. Histology of a further formal resection of this ...
Tokgoz Ozlem O Departments of Radiology, Karaelmas University School of Medicine, Zonguldak, - - 2011
Male urethral diverticula are rare and can be congenital or acquired. We report a case of acquired urethral diverticulum presenting as a scrotal mass in a paraplegic male. On physical examination, the scrotal mass mimicked a primary intrascrotal lesion. However, on retrograde urethrography, the correct diagnosis was made. The patient ...
Gandhi Divyangkumar D Gastroenterology Department, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, - - 2011
Incisional hernias following abdominal operations are a common complication. Mesh is frequently employed to repair these hernias. Given the popularity of minimally invasive surgery utilizing polypropylene mesh for incisional hernia repair, related complications such postoperative hematoma and seroma, foreign body reaction, organ injury, infection, mesh rejection, and fistula are being ...
Koo Ng Nigel K F - - 2010
We report a case of unilateral mydriasis following nasal electrocautery presumed to be the result of retrograde flow of adrenaline and/or xylometazoline hydrochloride (Otrivine) through the nasolacrimal duct into the eye. We review the literature and highlight the importance of correct interpretation of finding a dilated pupil post-operatively. To our ...
Dye Bruce A - - 2010
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The relationship of alcohol dependence and alcohol consumption with periodontitis: a systematic review. Amaral Cda S, Vettore MV, Leao A. J Dent 2009;37:643-51. REVIEWER: Bruce A. Dye, DDS, MPH PURPOSE/QUESTION: Is alcohol use or dependence associated with periodontitis? SOURCE OF FUNDING: Government: authors received partial ...
Masini Angela - - 2010
Equine-assisted psychotherapy (EAP) is an approach in which horses are an integral part of the therapeutic process. This article provides an overview of EAP, including a brief historical perspective, key definitions, and review of pertinent literature. Benefits of the approach are presented, from the standpoint of field observations, client self-reports, ...
Joanny Galanakis - - 2010
We report a case of chylous ascites developing the first post-operative day after laparoscopic adrenalectomy. The early initiation of treatment with total parenteral nutrition and somatostatin analog led to rapid resolution of the ascites. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of chylous ascites after laparoscopic ...
Conforti R - - 2010
A 65-year-old woman underwent MRI for a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). MRI showed hippocampal sulcus remnants bilaterally, although they were larger on the right, and left hippocampal atrophy with increased left fimbriosubicular distance (right side: 1.2 mm; left side: 2.0 mm). The meaning of these ...
Benedict Stanley H - - 2010
Task Group 101 of the AAPM has prepared this report for medical physicists, clinicians, and therapists in order to outline the best practice guidelines for the external-beam radiation therapy technique referred to as stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). The task group report includes a review of the literature to identify ...
Stich Stephen - - 2010
From Plato to the present, philosophers have relied on intuitive judgments as evidence for or against philosophical theories. Most philosophers are WEIRD, highly educated, and male. The literature reviewed in the target article suggests that such people might have intuitions that differ from those of people in other groups. There ...
George Anil - - 2010
The use of alcohol as a social lubricant has been ubiquitous in human societies since ancient times. It has also long been recognized that alcohol produces undesirable cardiovascular effects, especially when imbibed in excess. Numerous investigators have noted a causal relationship between alcohol and arrhythmias, as well as sudden cardiac ...
Jindal Geetanjali - - 2010
There is no report of the use of antisnake venom (ASV) in the neonatal age group in literature. We report a 27 days old female neonate who presented with neuroparalytic manifestations of snake bite and was treated successfully with ASV. A total of 50 vials (500 mL) of polyvalent antisnake ...
Macdonald-Jankowski D S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the principal features of "glandular odontogenic cyst" (GOC), by systematic review (SR), and to compare their frequencies among four global groups. The databases searched were the PubMed interface of MEDLINE and LILACS. Only those reports of GOCs that occurred in a series ...
De Sousa Avinash - - 2010
Alcohol dependence is a major health problem worldwide. Various pharmacological agents have been used in the management of alcohol dependence. This review looks at the role of topiramate and other anticonvulsants in the management of alcohol dependence. Topiramate is the most widely used anticonvulsant in the treatment of alcohol dependence. ...
Reilly Elizabeth A - - 2010
This paper explores the dynamic complexities that are triggered when a group member becomes pregnant. Through clinical illustrations taken from a weekly analytical group, the developmental processes and resonances found in such groups are discussed, alongside the technical challenges they pose on the leader. The scant literature on this topic ...
Gary Celeste - - 2010
Ganglioneuromas rarely occur in the retropharynx with only three cases reported in the current literature. The most common symptom associated with retropharyngeal ganglioneuromas is dysphagia. We report a retropharyngeal ganglioneuroma with an unusual clinical presentation of neck stiffness and pain. Case report and review of literature. A 42 year old ...
Morger Reto - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the oral mucosal health status of young male adults (aged 18 to 24 years) in Switzerland and to correlate their clinical findings with self-reported risk factors such as tobacco use and alcohol consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on the oral ...
Allen Joseph A - - 2010
This study investigated the role of after-action reviews on perceptions of safety climate at the group and organizational levels. Moderated and mediated regression analyses of data from 67 firefighting crews suggest that after-action review frequency positively influenced both levels of safety climate. Safety-oriented group norms fully mediated the relationship between ...
Househ Mowafa Said - - 2011
As healthcare groups continue to communicate and collaborate at a distance on knowledge exchange activities, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has come to play an increasingly important role in supporting such interactions. However, to date, the literature on knowledge exchange appears disconnected from that of ICT. Research on the effects ...
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