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Compérat Eva - - 2013
The distinction between non-invasive (pTa) and invasive (pT1) non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is subject to considerable interobserver variation. We aimed to generate a teaching set of images based on the diagnostic opinions of a panel of expert genitourinary pathologists. Twenty-five transurethral resection specimens initially reported as pT1 NMIBC from ...
Forhan Mary - - 2013
This review is based on an exploration of the published literature over the past 20 years in the area of weight bias, stigma and discrimination and its association with obesity treatment. National and international obesity organizations have identified obesity stigma as a key barrier to effectively addressing the obesity epidemic ...
Kuy Sreyram - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with a penetrating missile lodged in the pelvis are at risk for having a urinary tract injury. Once in the bladder, the missile can become impacted in the urethra, causing retention that requires extraction. Rarely, the missile can be expulsed spontaneously through the urethra. OBJECTIVES: To describe ...
Feng Ning - - 2013
Paraganglioma (also known as extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma) is a rare neuroendocrine neoplasm observed in patients of all ages, with an estimated incidence of 1 per 300,000 population. It has long been recognized that some cases are familial. The majority of these tumors are benign, and the only absolute criterion for malignancy ...
Rachaneni S - - 2013
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a signalling protein that interacts with specific receptors in autocrine, paracrine and endocrine modes. It is produced by bladder smooth muscle and urothelium. Patients with overactive bladder and detrusor overactivity (DO) have been found to have increased urinary NGF levels in several small studies. The ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complete duplication of the bladder and urethra is a rare congenital anomaly and usually occurs in association with other organ anomalies. We report a case of complete bladder duplication associated with multiple non-genitourinary anomalies. CASE: A 10-year-old girl presented with urinary incontinence and recurrent episodes of febrile urinary tract ...
R Santhosh - - 2013
Animal related injuries are frequently reported in India and other countries, where bulls are used for sporting events as well as in places where farming and livestock rearing is practised. The presentation is, many times, atypical and misleading as well. They have unique mechanics of injury. The patterns of the ...
Spairani Cinzia - - 2013
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm, most commonly arising from the pleura. It has also been recently described to occur in extrapleural sites. To our knowledge, only 16 cases of SFT have been reported in the urinary bladder to date. We report the clinicopathological features of a ...
Herlin Christian - - 2013
We report a highly unusual case of unilateral absence of the mental foramen, with the inferior alveolar nerve exiting the mandible via an orifice situated on the lateral surface of the angle of the mandible. However, the teeth on this side of the dental arch had normal sensitivity, and the ...
Li Xu - - 2013
Urethral diverticula are pouches opening into the urethral canal that may be either acquired or congenital. Diverticula of the female urethra are fairly common. However, diverticula of the male urethra are relatively uncommon abnormalities. Clinical manifestation is frequently described with irritative and/or obstructive voiding symptoms or ventral bulging, but manifestation ...
Cordonnier Monique - - 2013
There are five possible ocular signs or complaints of a life or sight threatening neuro-ophthalmological condition: diplopia, isolated anisocoria, transient visual loss, severe pain in head or neck (with or without photophobia) and oscillopsia/nystagmus. In this review, the ocular signs and symptoms of neuro-ophthalmological emergencies are described together with their ...
Dakin Gregory F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Weight recidivism after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a challenging problem for patients and bariatric surgeons alike. Traditional operative strategies to combat weight regain are technically challenging and associated with a high morbidity rate. Endoluminal interventions are thus an attractive alternative that may offer a good combination of results ...
Onakpoya Igho - - 2013
ABSTRACT The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving the use of the African Bush Mango, Irvingia gabonensis for body weight reduction in obese and overweight individuals. Electronic and nonelectronic searches were conducted to identify relevant RCTs. The bibliographies of located ...
Romero Pérez Pedro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study presents the first Spanish case of a spontaneous knot in the catheter of a suprapubic cystostomy and review the national and international literature. METHODS: The case of an 87-year-old patient who was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the prostate is presented. A suprapubic vesical puncture for urinary retention ...
Caramori G - - 2013
We present here the case of a 66 year old man with a severe bilateral community acquired pneumonia secondary to dissemination after an intravesical instillation of bacilllus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Diagnosis was based on positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in bronchoalveolar lavage and on the finding on ...
Terayama Hayato - - 2013
Although bilateral megaureters are not an infrequent occurrence in the urinary tract, bilateral megaureters associated with bilateral renal pelvis dilatation and a giant urinary bladder appear to be rare. In this paper, a cadaver case of an adult Japanese male with bilateral megaureters is described. In addition to describing and ...
Ko Su Yeon - - 2013
Ectopic prostatic tissue in the bladder has rarely been reported, and there is currently no report about the sonographic findings of this entity. In this study, we present the imaging findings of ectopic prostatic tissue in the bladder on transrectal ultrasonography.
Tucker Adam - - 2013
Introduction Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are considered to be static congenital lesions; however, a subset may possess dynamic pathophysiological capabilities of growth, regression or other morphological changes with time. We report on an adult patient harboring a pineal AVM who presented with progressive symptoms of obstructive hydrocephalus and was successfully treated ...
de Vries Niels E - - 2013
This literature review looks at the current status of multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in cataract surgery. The results of implantation of multifocal IOLs of diffractive, refractive, and hybrid diffractive-refractive design are described with regard to uncorrected near and distance visual acuity and spectacle independence. The occurrence of photic phenomena and ...
Swaika Sweta S Department of Radiology, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, 700014 West Bengal - - 2013
A 3-day-old male neonate presented with features of anorectal malformation and duplication of the external genitalia. He was subsequently diagnosed with complete duplication of the colon, rectum, bladder, and urethra associated with spinal lipoma. We report this case of caudal duplication syndrome, considering its rarity and the diverse combination of ...
Kundal Vijay Kumar - - 2013
A 3-year-old boy presented with complaints of abnormal genitalia. On examination, there was penile duplication with two completely separate phalluses, unequal in size, one with hypospadias and the other with meatus at the tip of the glans. Voiding cystourethrography revealed a normal sized single bladder but two urethras with no ...
Deshpande Aartee - - 2013
Prostate abscess is a rare complication of an ascending urinary tract infection (UTI). Its incidence has reduced secondary to routine and early use of antibiotics for treatment of UTIs. Prostate abscess has been reported in patients with uncontrolled diabetes, prolonged indwelling urinary catheters, prostate biopsy or other instrumentation of lower ...
Christodoulidou Michelle - - 2013
A 66-year-old female patient was referred to drology department when a bladder mass was incidentally found on a transvaginal ultrasound scan. Cystoscopy revealed a small, smooth mass just above the trigone which appeared to be covered with normal urothelium. The histology from this growth after transurethral resection revealed a paraganglioma ...
Ramamurthy R - - 2013
Primary adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder is rare and more so is adenocarcinoma arising in an augmented colocystoplastic bladder. We present a case of adenocarcinoma developing in a urinary bladder after colocystoplasty which was managed by radical cystectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy. The post-operative histopathology showed the lesion to be ...
Indraccolo U - - 2013
The pathogenesis and natural history of endometrial polyps are not very clear. The objective of this study was to assess the opinions of international medical literature regarding the factors involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial polyps and to organize the results consistently with what is known about endometrial physiology. A ...
Dong Wu Xu - - 2013
Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is very rare. Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a mass with swiftly aggressive and metastatic, and with a poor prognosis. Due to its scarcity, no forward-looking researches assessing the most effective treatment have been issued in the medical literature. It ...
Chang Charissa Y - - 2013
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign neoplasm arising from hepatocytes. There is evidence that the inflammatory subtype may be associated with obesity and alcohol use and that men with metabolic syndrome may be at risk for malignant transformation of HCA. We sought to explore the combined experience of US centers ...
Meulen S Ter - - 2013
We describe a case-report of a chylous ascites after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, summarize the current literature, and hypothesize on the etiology of this complication.
Chua Michael E - - 2013
Neoplasms arising from intravesical diverticula are rare and considered by urologists as an important surgical challenge. A hamartomatous lesion noted in a bladder diverticulum has never been reported. To our knowledge, we report the first angiomyolipoma, a subtype of mesenchymal hamartoma uncommonly located extrarenally, seen in a bladder dome diverticulum. ...
Ay Ahmet - - 2013
Urinary retention is common in patients with neurologic disorders. We present a case of asymptomatic idiopathic giant bladder from which 6000 mL urine was drained. This is the largest volume of bladder that we found in the literature.
Mori Kenichi - - 2013
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) in the bladder is uncommon with a reported incidence of 0.4%-1.3% of all bladder carcinomas. In Japan, some occurrences of LELC have been reported in the renal pelvis and ureter but only two in the bladder. A bladder tumor was identified in a 70-year-old man suffering from ...
Williams K J - - 2013
Lymphatic malformations are a subset of congenital vascular malformations, and are caused by a defect in lymphatic development during embryogenesis. When lymphatic mesoderm development is prematurely arrested, it retains it proliferative potential. Stimulus in the future can cause the lesion to proliferate locally without coordination or regulation, resulting in the ...
Prabhuswamy Vinod Kumar - - 2013
Calculi in the urethra are an uncommon entity. Giant calculi in prostatic urethra are extremely rare. The decision about treatment strategy of calculi depends upon the size, shape, and position of the calculus and the status of the urethra. If the stone is large and immovable, it may be extracted ...
Omari Abdelkarim Hussein - - 2013
Long standing increase of the intravesical pressure resulting from urinary bladder outlet obstruction can cause both secondary bladder diverticula and groin hernias. In rare cases, a diverticulum can be pulled by a hernia sac and becomes a component of the hernia itself. Such cases were encountered in inguinal, perineal and ...
Miller Joe - - 2013
Background. Long-term urologic complications after total hip arthroplasty are rare, and reports in the urologic literature are scant. We present a recent case and review the relevant literature. Case. A 77-year-old man was referred to the urology clinic for a single episode of gross painless hematuria, abnormal urine cytology, and ...
Abou Ghaida Rami - - 2013
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumours, better known as PECOMAs, are a very uncommon pathological finding. In English medical literature it has rarely been reported. In the genitourinary system, mostly urinary bladder, the incidence is as low as 10 cases described since 2003 until now. In this case report, we present a ...
Perera Marlon - - 2013
Introduction. Concomitant cholecystitis and gallstone pancreatitis is an infrequent clinical encounter, reported sparsely in the literature. Concurrent acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis complicated by gall bladder perforation has not been reported before. Presentation of Case. We report a 39-year-old female presenting with concomitant cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis, complicated by gallbladder perforation. ...
Atılgan Doğan - - 2013
Carcinosarcoma of the urinary bladder is a rare neoplasm that is composed of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components. In these tumors, histogenesis and biological behaviour remain controversial. Approximately 70 cases have been reported in the literature, usually as case reports or a small series. A series of 221 cases using ...
Singh Bhupendra Pal - - 2013
There are only a few reports of recurrent acute urinary retention caused by obstruction from congenital paraureteral diverticulum. We review the literature and present a case of a 14-month-old boy with bilateral hutch diverticuli who had his first episode of acute urinary retention in the neonatal period caused by left-sided ...
Ahsaini Mustapha - - 2013
Introduction. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the urinary tract is an extremely rare entity and very few cases have been reported in the literature. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the urinary tract (SCC-UT) is the association between bladder and urinary upper tract-small cell carcinoma (UUT-SCC). It characterized by an aggressive ...
Marte Antonio - - 2013
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare neoplasm described in several tissues and organs including genitourinary system, lung, head, and neck. The etiology of IMT is contentious, and whether it is a postinflammatory process or a true neoplasm remains controversial. To our knowledge, we report the first reported case of ...
Toledo Javier A JA Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Clemente Álvarez, Rosario, Santa Fe, - - 2013
Ossification of the ligamentum flavum is a widely described pathology in eastern Asia. Cases have been reported in northern Africa, the Middle-East, India, the Caribbean, Europe, and North America, but no cases from Latin America have been published in the literature. It affects mostly elderly men, with a possible association ...
Chaudhari Dhara D 0000-0002-0144-7053 Department of Internal Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN 37615, - - 2013
Orlistat is a gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor used for weight reduction in obese individuals. Enteric hyperoxaluria caused by orlistat leads to oxalate absorption. Acute oxalate nephropathy is a rare complication of treatment with orlistat. Herein we report a patient presenting with acute renal failure which improved minimal with intravenous hydration. She ...
González Ricardo R Department of Pediatric Surgery and Urology, Auf der Bult Kinder- und Jugendkrankenhaus , Hannover , Germany ; Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Virchow Klinikum , Berlin , - - 2013
Alternatives to conventional enterocystoplasty have been developed in order to avoid the most common complications derived from contact of the urine with intestinal mucosa. In this article critically we review the literature on the topics: ureterocystoplasty, detrusorectomy, detrusorotomy, seromuscular gastroenterocystoplasty, use of off the shelf biomaterials, and bladder augmentation by ...
Tyler Robert R Department of Urology, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Paisley, UK - - 2013
Cases of herniated bladder diverticulae causing inguinoscrotal hernias are rare, and there are 19 described in the English literature. We describe the case of a 64-year-old Caucasian man with a huge bladder diverticulum that herniated into his scrotum. The original diagnosis was that of inguinoscrotal hernia containing bowel contents. Radiological ...
Kataria Rashim - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery is the most common procedure performed for the treatment of hydrocephalus. Erosive bladder perforation by a peritoneal catheter is an extremely rare complication of VPS. Only ten cases involving the normal (non-augmented) urinary bladder have been reported so far. CASE: We report a case of ...
Ehdaie Behfar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bladder rupture is a known complication of augmentation cystoplasty. We report the second case of bladder rupture during filling cystometry many years after bladder augmentation and the first case occurring in a patient with an autoaugmentation cystoplasty. In addition, the management and outcome for a bladder perforation in ...
Bus Mieke T - - 2012
In this article case report of urothelial carcinoma implantation in both adnexa is reported, following a perforation of the bladder wall during a transurethral resection of a bladder tumor. The 81-year-old female patient had an extensive history of multiple recurrent non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Intraperitoneal perforation was detected ...
Kim Brian - - 2012
We present a case of intraperitoneal bladder rupture in a 42-year-old man repaired by a laparoscopic approach. Details of the case and a description of the operative procedure are outlined. We also review the literature on laparoscopic repair of traumatic bladder rupture.
Griffith James W - - 2012
Self-report assessment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is complicated by the many tools that are available. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) is widely used and highly recommended in review articles and practice guidelines. This review focuses on work completed since 2011 using the IPSS and other tools. The ...
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