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Caramori G - - 2013
We present here the case of a 66 year old man with a severe bilateral community acquired pneumonia secondary to dissemination after an intravesical instillation of bacilllus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Diagnosis was based on positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in bronchoalveolar lavage and on the finding on ...
Terayama Hayato - - 2013
Although bilateral megaureters are not an infrequent occurrence in the urinary tract, bilateral megaureters associated with bilateral renal pelvis dilatation and a giant urinary bladder appear to be rare. In this paper, a cadaver case of an adult Japanese male with bilateral megaureters is described. In addition to describing and ...
Ko Su Yeon - - 2013
Ectopic prostatic tissue in the bladder has rarely been reported, and there is currently no report about the sonographic findings of this entity. In this study, we present the imaging findings of ectopic prostatic tissue in the bladder on transrectal ultrasonography.
Tucker Adam - - 2013
Introduction Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are considered to be static congenital lesions; however, a subset may possess dynamic pathophysiological capabilities of growth, regression or other morphological changes with time. We report on an adult patient harboring a pineal AVM who presented with progressive symptoms of obstructive hydrocephalus and was successfully treated ...
de Vries Niels E - - 2013
This literature review looks at the current status of multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in cataract surgery. The results of implantation of multifocal IOLs of diffractive, refractive, and hybrid diffractive-refractive design are described with regard to uncorrected near and distance visual acuity and spectacle independence. The occurrence of photic phenomena and ...
Swaika Sweta S Department of Radiology, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, 700014 West Bengal - - 2013
A 3-day-old male neonate presented with features of anorectal malformation and duplication of the external genitalia. He was subsequently diagnosed with complete duplication of the colon, rectum, bladder, and urethra associated with spinal lipoma. We report this case of caudal duplication syndrome, considering its rarity and the diverse combination of ...
Kundal Vijay Kumar - - 2013
A 3-year-old boy presented with complaints of abnormal genitalia. On examination, there was penile duplication with two completely separate phalluses, unequal in size, one with hypospadias and the other with meatus at the tip of the glans. Voiding cystourethrography revealed a normal sized single bladder but two urethras with no ...
Deshpande Aartee - - 2013
Prostate abscess is a rare complication of an ascending urinary tract infection (UTI). Its incidence has reduced secondary to routine and early use of antibiotics for treatment of UTIs. Prostate abscess has been reported in patients with uncontrolled diabetes, prolonged indwelling urinary catheters, prostate biopsy or other instrumentation of lower ...
Christodoulidou Michelle - - 2013
A 66-year-old female patient was referred to drology department when a bladder mass was incidentally found on a transvaginal ultrasound scan. Cystoscopy revealed a small, smooth mass just above the trigone which appeared to be covered with normal urothelium. The histology from this growth after transurethral resection revealed a paraganglioma ...
Ramamurthy R - - 2013
Primary adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder is rare and more so is adenocarcinoma arising in an augmented colocystoplastic bladder. We present a case of adenocarcinoma developing in a urinary bladder after colocystoplasty which was managed by radical cystectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy. The post-operative histopathology showed the lesion to be ...
Indraccolo U - - 2013
The pathogenesis and natural history of endometrial polyps are not very clear. The objective of this study was to assess the opinions of international medical literature regarding the factors involved in the pathogenesis of endometrial polyps and to organize the results consistently with what is known about endometrial physiology. A ...
Dong Wu Xu - - 2013
Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is very rare. Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a mass with swiftly aggressive and metastatic, and with a poor prognosis. Due to its scarcity, no forward-looking researches assessing the most effective treatment have been issued in the medical literature. It ...
Chang Charissa Y - - 2013
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign neoplasm arising from hepatocytes. There is evidence that the inflammatory subtype may be associated with obesity and alcohol use and that men with metabolic syndrome may be at risk for malignant transformation of HCA. We sought to explore the combined experience of US centers ...
Meulen S Ter - - 2013
We describe a case-report of a chylous ascites after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, summarize the current literature, and hypothesize on the etiology of this complication.
Chua Michael E - - 2013
Neoplasms arising from intravesical diverticula are rare and considered by urologists as an important surgical challenge. A hamartomatous lesion noted in a bladder diverticulum has never been reported. To our knowledge, we report the first angiomyolipoma, a subtype of mesenchymal hamartoma uncommonly located extrarenally, seen in a bladder dome diverticulum. ...
Ay Ahmet - - 2013
Urinary retention is common in patients with neurologic disorders. We present a case of asymptomatic idiopathic giant bladder from which 6000 mL urine was drained. This is the largest volume of bladder that we found in the literature.
Mori Kenichi - - 2013
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) in the bladder is uncommon with a reported incidence of 0.4%-1.3% of all bladder carcinomas. In Japan, some occurrences of LELC have been reported in the renal pelvis and ureter but only two in the bladder. A bladder tumor was identified in a 70-year-old man suffering from ...
Williams K J - - 2013
Lymphatic malformations are a subset of congenital vascular malformations, and are caused by a defect in lymphatic development during embryogenesis. When lymphatic mesoderm development is prematurely arrested, it retains it proliferative potential. Stimulus in the future can cause the lesion to proliferate locally without coordination or regulation, resulting in the ...
Prabhuswamy Vinod Kumar - - 2013
Calculi in the urethra are an uncommon entity. Giant calculi in prostatic urethra are extremely rare. The decision about treatment strategy of calculi depends upon the size, shape, and position of the calculus and the status of the urethra. If the stone is large and immovable, it may be extracted ...
Omari Abdelkarim Hussein - - 2013
Long standing increase of the intravesical pressure resulting from urinary bladder outlet obstruction can cause both secondary bladder diverticula and groin hernias. In rare cases, a diverticulum can be pulled by a hernia sac and becomes a component of the hernia itself. Such cases were encountered in inguinal, perineal and ...
Miller Joe - - 2013
Background. Long-term urologic complications after total hip arthroplasty are rare, and reports in the urologic literature are scant. We present a recent case and review the relevant literature. Case. A 77-year-old man was referred to the urology clinic for a single episode of gross painless hematuria, abnormal urine cytology, and ...
Abou Ghaida Rami - - 2013
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumours, better known as PECOMAs, are a very uncommon pathological finding. In English medical literature it has rarely been reported. In the genitourinary system, mostly urinary bladder, the incidence is as low as 10 cases described since 2003 until now. In this case report, we present a ...
Perera Marlon - - 2013
Introduction. Concomitant cholecystitis and gallstone pancreatitis is an infrequent clinical encounter, reported sparsely in the literature. Concurrent acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis complicated by gall bladder perforation has not been reported before. Presentation of Case. We report a 39-year-old female presenting with concomitant cholecystitis and acute pancreatitis, complicated by gallbladder perforation. ...
Atılgan Doğan - - 2013
Carcinosarcoma of the urinary bladder is a rare neoplasm that is composed of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components. In these tumors, histogenesis and biological behaviour remain controversial. Approximately 70 cases have been reported in the literature, usually as case reports or a small series. A series of 221 cases using ...
Singh Bhupendra Pal - - 2013
There are only a few reports of recurrent acute urinary retention caused by obstruction from congenital paraureteral diverticulum. We review the literature and present a case of a 14-month-old boy with bilateral hutch diverticuli who had his first episode of acute urinary retention in the neonatal period caused by left-sided ...
Ahsaini Mustapha - - 2013
Introduction. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the urinary tract is an extremely rare entity and very few cases have been reported in the literature. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the urinary tract (SCC-UT) is the association between bladder and urinary upper tract-small cell carcinoma (UUT-SCC). It characterized by an aggressive ...
Marte Antonio - - 2013
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare neoplasm described in several tissues and organs including genitourinary system, lung, head, and neck. The etiology of IMT is contentious, and whether it is a postinflammatory process or a true neoplasm remains controversial. To our knowledge, we report the first reported case of ...
González Ricardo R Department of Pediatric Surgery and Urology, Auf der Bult Kinder- und Jugendkrankenhaus , Hannover , Germany ; Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Virchow Klinikum , Berlin , - - 2013
Alternatives to conventional enterocystoplasty have been developed in order to avoid the most common complications derived from contact of the urine with intestinal mucosa. In this article critically we review the literature on the topics: ureterocystoplasty, detrusorectomy, detrusorotomy, seromuscular gastroenterocystoplasty, use of off the shelf biomaterials, and bladder augmentation by ...
Toledo Javier A JA Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Clemente Álvarez, Rosario, Santa Fe, - - 2013
Ossification of the ligamentum flavum is a widely described pathology in eastern Asia. Cases have been reported in northern Africa, the Middle-East, India, the Caribbean, Europe, and North America, but no cases from Latin America have been published in the literature. It affects mostly elderly men, with a possible association ...
Chaudhari Dhara D 0000-0002-0144-7053 Department of Internal Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN 37615, - - 2013
Orlistat is a gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor used for weight reduction in obese individuals. Enteric hyperoxaluria caused by orlistat leads to oxalate absorption. Acute oxalate nephropathy is a rare complication of treatment with orlistat. Herein we report a patient presenting with acute renal failure which improved minimal with intravenous hydration. She ...
Kataria Rashim - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery is the most common procedure performed for the treatment of hydrocephalus. Erosive bladder perforation by a peritoneal catheter is an extremely rare complication of VPS. Only ten cases involving the normal (non-augmented) urinary bladder have been reported so far. CASE: We report a case of ...
Ehdaie Behfar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bladder rupture is a known complication of augmentation cystoplasty. We report the second case of bladder rupture during filling cystometry many years after bladder augmentation and the first case occurring in a patient with an autoaugmentation cystoplasty. In addition, the management and outcome for a bladder perforation in ...
Bus Mieke T - - 2012
In this article case report of urothelial carcinoma implantation in both adnexa is reported, following a perforation of the bladder wall during a transurethral resection of a bladder tumor. The 81-year-old female patient had an extensive history of multiple recurrent non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Intraperitoneal perforation was detected ...
Kim Brian - - 2012
We present a case of intraperitoneal bladder rupture in a 42-year-old man repaired by a laparoscopic approach. Details of the case and a description of the operative procedure are outlined. We also review the literature on laparoscopic repair of traumatic bladder rupture.
Griffith James W - - 2012
Self-report assessment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is complicated by the many tools that are available. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) is widely used and highly recommended in review articles and practice guidelines. This review focuses on work completed since 2011 using the IPSS and other tools. The ...
El-Sayed Abdulrahman M - - 2012
Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge worldwide. There is a growing literature documenting socioeconomic inequalities in childhood obesity risk. Here we draw inference from the literature about inequalities in childhood obesity risk in the UK. We summarize and appraise the extant peer-reviewed literature about socioeconomic inequalities in childhood ...
Carr Lesley - - 2012
At the conclusion of the sessions on stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women, participants at the 2012 Canadian Urology Forum (academic and clinical urologists from across Canada) engaged in a discussion of optimal SUI evaluation and management. The discussion was led by Dr. Lesley Carr and co-facilitated by the other ...
Bailly Greg - - 2012
At the conclusion of the sessions on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men, participants at the 2012 Canadian Urology Forum (academic and clinical urologists from across Canada) engaged in a discussion of optimal LUTS evaluation and management. The discussion was led by Dr. J. Curtis Nickel and was based ...
Topkara Ahu - - 2012
External apical root resorption (ARR) is a common iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. One of the aims of this article is to present a brief overview of the literature, including; diagnosis and etiology, with emphasis on orthodontic forces to facilitate an understand of the prevention or management of ARR in ...
Nazim Syed Muhammad - - 2012
Agenesis of Urinary bladder is an extremely rare congenital genitourinary anomaly and is associated with other severe malformations that are incompatible with life. About 60 cases and 22 live births only have been reported in English literature. We report an eight year old girl with triad of complete agenesis of ...
Treszezamsky Alejandro D - - 2012
AIMS: We aimed to describe the current use of patient reported outcome questionnaires (PROQ) in the urogynecologic literature. METHODS: All articles from 2009 in 11 journals were reviewed and included if PROQ were used. PROQ were assigned the grades of recommendation used by the International Consultation on Incontinence (ICI). Data ...
Deluca Crystal - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) is a chemotherapy medication developed to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia as well as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (Savage, N Engl J Med 2002;346:683-93). Ocular side effects are commonly reported with the use of imatinib mesylate, such as periorbital edema and epiphora. More serious ocular side effects, such ...
De Tommasi Claudio - - 2012
Rhabdomyolysis (RM) is a potentially fatal or disabling clinical syndrome resulting in muscle necrosis and leakage of muscle constituents into the blood. Lactic acidosis and more serious complications such as acute renal failure may occur in up to half of recognized cases, so accurate diagnosis is required. We present three ...
Garber B B - - 2012
To present a case of intravesical erosion of an infected multiple-component inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) reservoir. We retrospectively reviewed a case of complete intravesical erosion of an infected IPP reservoir. We also reviewed the prior urologic literature concerning bladder-related reservoir complications, and formulated potential strategies to prevent these complications in ...
Weissbart Steven J - - 2012
In this review, we present the evidence on the safety and efficacy of anticholinergic therapy for men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and emphasize the data published over the past year. This review discusses two classes of medications whose mechanism of action attenuates ...
Akerman Stuart - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has long been a tool utilized by gastroenterologists for many years, but direct cholangioscopy has only recently begun to be available for regular use in clinical practice. The focus of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a direct cholangioscopy system and its indications ...
Czerwinski Michael - - 2012
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) have been described in lung, bladder, spleen, breast, pancreas, liver, colon, spermatic cord, prostate, peripheral nerves, orbit and kidney. Traditionally believed as having a reactive pathogenesis, IMTs are now viewed more as a neoplasm. This report describes a case of a renal IMT in a 14-year-old ...
Kalff S - - 2012
A 26-week-old female Boerboel was referred for evaluation of progressive left thoracic limb lameness. Computed tomography and radiographic evaluation revealed radiolucency of the caudal proximal humeral metaphysis, absence of the humeral head, and gross distortion of the glenoid. Given the severe glenohumeral deformation, arthrodesis of the left shoulder was performed ...
Ruppert Phillip - - 2012
We present a case of an individual diagnosed with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), an extremely rare and commonly fatal disorder characterized by rapid dysregulation of immune system processes. Typical age of onset is in childhood, with adult-onset occurring less frequently. The pathophysiology of this condition is characterized by a hyperinflammatory response ...
Wen Sheng-Chen - - 2012
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is best known to occur in the nasopharynx. When LELC occurs in the urinary tract, this extremely rare neoplasm most commonly affects the bladder but has also been reported in the renal pelvis, ureter, prostate [1], and urethra [2]. We present a case of LELC arising in ...
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