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Mohindra Satyawati S Department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, - - 2014
This article reports an unusual case of tracheal mucormycosis following H1N1 pneumonia and reviews previously reported cases. A 40-y-old female with a 5-y history of diabetes mellitus, adequately controlled by oral hypoglycemic agents, developed tracheal mucormycosis after successful treatment for H1N1 pneumonia. The condition was diagnosed during workup for decannulation ...
Varghese Thomas T Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Ernakulam District, Kerala, - - 2014
Desmoplastic fibroblastoma (DF) also known as collagenous fibroma (CF) is a rare benign soft tissue tumor that occurs in varied locations in the body. Very few cases of DF have been reported in the oral cavity. We report a case of DF in an 8-year-old boy presented as a slow-growing ...
Davide Mignogna Michele MM DMD University Federico II of Naples, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological - - 2014
To analyze retrospectively a case series of primary oral leishmaniasis and to review the literature on head-neck primary mucosal leishmaniasis in immunocompetent patients. A PUBMED search was carried out from 1950 to 2013. Clinical records of patients with primary head-neck mucosal manifestations of leishmaniasis were analyzed. In addition, clinical records ...
Satheeshkumar P S PS Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mar Baselios Dental College, Thankalam, Kothamangalam, Ernakulam, Kerala, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Restricted mouth opening (RMO) and trismus are terms commonly used in oral oncology in instances where there is difficulty in mouth opening. The term trismus in oral oncology is mainly used to indicate the radiation-induced fibrosis of the muscles of mastication. The treatment given for RMO as reported in the ...
Motswaledi Mh M Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, South - - 2014
Sarcoidosis is a chronic multi-system immuno-inflammatory disorder characterized by non-caseating granulomatous infiltration of affected tissues that may result in fibrosis and organ dysfunction. It generally affects genetically predisposed young adults who develop a local dysregulated cell-mediated immune response towards an undefined 'sarcoidal antigen'. From recent data, it has become evident ...
Boff Renata Chiapinotto RC Postgraduate Program, Dental College, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, - - 2014
Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) is an important side effect of bisphosphonates, whose etiopathogenesis has not been completely elucidated. Theories pointing to bone turnover and angiogenesis inhibition, as well as effects on epithelial cells of oral mucosa and the role of microorganisms have been reported. Nevertheless, the true contribution ...
Kriwalsky Marcus Stephan MS Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery, Ruhr-University Bochum, In der Schornau 23-25, 44892, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
Severe hemorrhages of the oral cavity may be caused by arteriovenous malformations. This case report concerns a 52-year-old healthy female who presented with a painful lower third molar and an extensive arteriovenous high-flow malformation of the floor of the right side of the mouth. During the extraction of the right ...
Bergendal Birgitta B National Oral Disability Centre for Rare Disorders, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, - - 2014
Oral signs and symptoms are present in most ectodermal dysplasias (EDs). The aim of this article is to summarize some of the literature on current knowledge of oral manifestations and orofacial function in EDs. The review will focus on the most common forms where dental manifestations can be crucial for ...
Hasan Shamimul S Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, - - 2014
Gingival desquamation is a clinical sign in which the gingiva appears reddish, glazed and friable with destruction of the epithelium. Gingival desquamation may be the result of various disease processes in gingiva. Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP), oral lichen planus and pemphigus vulgaris accounts for the major causes of gingival desquamation. ...
Park Hyun Jun HJ Department of Urology, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are the most commonly used treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED). Since the launch of sildenafil, several drugs-including mirodenafil, sildenafil citrate (sildenafil), tadalafil, vardenafil HCL (vardenafil), udenafil, and avanafil-have become available. Mirodenafil is a newly developed pyrrolopyrimidinone compound, which is a potent, reversible, and selective oral ...
Nagata M M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Soft tissue sarcomas are uncommon in the head and neck. Primary angiosarcomas of the oral cavity area are extremely rare, and have mostly been presented as case reports. This paper presents the clinical and histological features of three such cases. All patients were diagnosed based on the presence of rapidly ...
Guerrero Jaime S - - 2014
Several odontogenic and non-odontogenic tumors and related lesions affecting the jaws share clinical presentation and imaging appearance. However, all cases have to be approached and treated on an individual basis, based on a reliable anatomic pathology diagnosis. The present paper describes a case of a desmoplastic fibroma, which was misdiagnosed ...
Pentenero M M University of Turin, Department of Oncology, Unit of Oral Medicine and Oral Oncology, - - 2014
Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) is a distinct, particularly aggressive form of oral leukoplakia. Given the low prevalence of PVL, data are sparse and are usually extrapolated from case reports, case series and only a few case-control studies, meaning that literature is able to provide only weak evidence. The present systematic ...
Haviv Yaron - - 2014
Objectives: Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) can affect both esthetics and health. In this review article, we describe the role of the dentist in evaluation and treatment of snoring and OSA in children and adults, with an emphasis on oral appliances as a means to treat the adult ...
Griffin Allen T AT University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Louisville, KY 40292USA; University of Utah, Associated Regional and University Pathologists, Division of Microbiology, Salt Lake City, UT 84108USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fusobacteria are obligate anaerobic bacilli residing in the oral cavity, female genital tract, and intestine. These pathogens are typical components of head, neck, and abdominal abscesses due to contiguous spread from adjacent mucosal surfaces. They are unusual etiologies, however, of bone and joint infections, particularly outside the cranial region. We ...
Pronisceva V V Dartford and Gravesham NHS Trust, UK. - - 2014
A 42-year-old female teetotaller presented via the accident and emergency department with a 2-day history of vomiting and upper abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. The aetiology of the pancreatitis was identified as hypercalcaemia secondary to oral calcium supplementation. The hypercalcaemia was corrected by stopping calcium supplements and ...
Fomete Benjamin B Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, - - 2014
Neurofibrolipoma is a very rare benign oral tumor with other synonyms such as neural fibrolipoma, perineural lipoma and intraneural lipoma. A 50 years old female presented with a massive swelling of the tongue of 6 years duration. The tumor was attached to the mucosa of the tip of the tongue, ...
Bingisser Andreas C - - 2014
Fordyce granules of the oral mucosa are often discovered during routine dental examinations. They are considered anatomic variations and are typically seen on the labial and buccal mucosa in adults. The present case report describes for the first time in the literature an atypical location of an enlarged Fordyce granule ...
Sharma S Mahesh - - 2014
Epidermolysis bullosa is an inherited mucocutaneous disorder characterized by blister formation due to a defect in collagen metabolism. Each of the three major subtypes of epidermolysis bullosa has distinct clinical and oral manifestations. A case report of the most classic form of epidermolysis bullosa, recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa, is presented ...
Vescovi Paolo P Center of Oral Laser Surgery and Oral Pathology, Dental School, Department of Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43125 Parma, - - 2014
Chondromas are benign cartilaginous tumors usually localized within the tubular bones of the extremities. Soft tissue chondromas (STCs) are rare and only few cases have been reported in the oral cavity. The present case documents the exceptional finding of a 12-year-standing STC of the hard palate of a 63-year-old man. ...
Vinogradova Yana Y Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, - - 2014
Many studies have found an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with the use of combined hormonal contraceptives, but various methodologies have been used in the study design relating to definition of VTE event and the selection of appropriate cases for analysis. This study will focus on common oral ...
Plastargias Ioannis I 0000-0002-0095-0861 School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece ; School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT 06030, - - 2014
This paper is discussing the potential consequences that may arise by the implementation of piercing in the oral cavity and is also categorizing the consequences according to their extent and severity. Furthermore, this paper is reviewing some possible oral hygiene methods that can prove to be auxiliary in decreasing the ...
Junaid Montasir M Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Sindh, - - 2014
The presence of a neurovascular hamartoma within the oral cavity is truly a rare entity. Scarcely reported in the literature, these hamartomas are smooth, pinkish masses and are painless, and therefore difficult to diagnose. They are benign in nature and apply pressure to their surroundings. The histological diagnosis remains the ...
Ashok Nipun N Department of Periodontics, Al Farabi College of Dentistry, Riyadh 11691, Saudi - - 2014
Rarely cases have been reported regarding depigmented lesions of the oral cavity. On reviewing the literature, only few cases of gingival vitiligo or similar lesions have been reported till date. These lesions pose a cosmetic challenge. We present here a case of vitiligo affecting gingiva. Vitiligo has been defined as ...
Wu Bin-Zhang - - 2013
Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a tumor that occurs in different locations, particularly the lungs and larynx. The oral cavity is a rare site for a primary NEC. This report describes 2 cases of primary NEC in the oral cavity. Case 1 occurred in the anterior mandibular gingiva in a 25-year-old ...
Nadler Chen C Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine, Hebrew University, Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2013
The worldwide prevalence of leishmaniasis is increasing because of ecologic changes and increased medical profession awareness. Furthermore, solitary cases have been recently reported in Western countries. The authors describe the epidemiology, mode of transmission, and diagnosis of leishmaniasis and present 4 oral cases treated with systemic, localized, or combined therapy. The ...
Patil Sb S Department of Pathology, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kasaba Bavda, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Endometrial osseous metaplasia is a rare pathological condition with mature bone in the endometrium and can be a cause for menorrhagia and infertility as bone in the endometrium acts like intrauterine contraceptive device. We report one such case with brief review of literature in a 28-year-old woman presenting with history ...
Shaw Stephanie M - - 2013
Swallowing is a complex physiologic function that involves precisely coordinated movements within the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus. This article reviews the anatomy, muscular control, and neurophysiological control of normal, healthy swallowing.
Jayasooriya Primali Rukmal - - 2013
In the recent years, basaloid squamous cell carcinomas (BSCCs) have gained attention because of (1) observation of a relative increase in the number of tumors arising particularly in head and neck sites, (2) identification of human papillomavirus (HPV) in BSCCs arising predominantly in the oropharynx, and (3) controversies that exist ...
Kiriakou Juliana - - 2013
Abstracts of systematic reviews are of critical importance as consumers of research often do not access the full text. This study aimed to assess the reporting quality of systematic review (SR) abstracts in leading oral implantology journals. Six specialty journals were screened for SRs between 2008 and 2012. A 16-item ...
Wang Hsing-Liang - - 2013
Here is a rare case of lingual leiomyomatous hamartoma (LLH) with bifid tongue tip and tongue-tie in a patient with non-oral-facial-digital syndrome (OFDS). A 29-year-old male consulted for a painless tumor over the midline of the tongue dorsum measuring 2 x 1.5 cm. The tumor was excised and the tongue-tie ...
Manderwad Guru Prasad - - 2013
Cardiobacterium hominis is a member of the HACEK (Haemophilus sp., Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, C. hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae) group commonly associated with endocarditits and is normally present in the respiratory tract. We describe the first case of acute dacryocystitis with lacrimal abscess caused by C. hominis along with a ...
- - 2013
Commentaries on Cochrane reviews form a core part of the content of the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal. Protocols for Cochrane review are published on Cochrane library (www.thecochranelibrary.com) after peer review occasionally reviews are published a short time later but more often it take more than a year for the final review ...
Kim Young Bin - - 2013
Liposarcoma, first described by Virchow in 1857, is a common mesenchymal malignant tumor arising from the adipose tissue. The most common of all soft tissue sarcomas, liposarcomas account for approximately 20% of all soft tissue sarcomas. However, it is rare in the head and neck, particularly in the oral cavity. ...
Loukas Marios - - 2013
There is a great deal of literature regarding the tori of the mouth and ear. However, there is controversy regarding the etiology and prevalence of each. The torus palatinus is generally agreed to be the most common oral exostosis and is more frequently found in females. The torus mandibularis is ...
Bhusari Prashant A - - 2013
The maxillary labial frenum is a normal anatomical structure in the oral cavity. An abnormal labial frenum causes localized gingival recession and midline diastema, both of which can interfere with oral hygiene procedures, and eventually affect esthetics. When the frenum maintains its high papillary attachment, frenectomy is the treatment of ...
Miranda Amanda Rodrigues - - 2013
In this article, three cases of hereditary angioedema (HAE) type III (estrogen-dependent or with normal C1 inhibitor) are reported. The HAE was initially described in women of the same family in association with high-leveled estrogenic conditions such as the use of oral contraceptives and pregnancy. There is no change in ...
Pugalagiri Pavithra - - 2013
With the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the clinical and histopathological features of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) became routine for most practicing surgical pathologists. The histological spectrum of KS broadened significantly over time and today a wide variety of rare histological variants are reported, but not widely recognized. Lymphangioma-like KS (LLKS) ...
Sanghai Saket R - - 2013
Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis (IJO) is a term used to describe a primary osteoporosis of unknown etiology in prepubertal children. It is rarely described in the literature and treatment modalities vary with spontaneous remission also being reported at the time of puberty. We report a 5-year-old girl with IJO who had ...
Narwal Anjali - - 2013
An otherwise healthy 19-year-old female patient had painless swelling in her left buccal mucosa. No precipitating factors were identified. Pathological analysis demonstrated the mass to be a Masson's hemangioma, a papillary proliferation of thin-walled capillaries intimately associated with thrombus. A very rare tumor occurring in oral cavity with only 80 ...
Gomes Sheiba R - - 2013
Pyogenic granuloma is a commonly occurring inflammatory hyperplasia of the skin and oral mucosa. It is not associated with pus as its name suggests and histologically it resembles an angiomatous lesion rather than a granulomatous lesion. It is known by a variety of names such as Crocker and Hartzell's disease, ...
Dhillon Manu - - 2013
Leprosy (Hansen's disease) is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae (Hansen's bacillus). Oral manifestations occur in 20-60% of cases, usually in lepromatous leprosy, and are well documented. They may involve both the oral hard and soft tissues. Incidence of verrucous carcinoma/Ackerman's tumour developing in anogenital region and plantar ...
Tahim A S - - 2013
This review summarises the articles relating to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) that were published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (BJOMS) between January 2011 and December 2012. In total 24 papers were published. Of these, 16 (67%) were full-length articles, which included prospective, retrospective, and laboratory-based studies ...
Brandt Staci - - 2013
This article reviews the published literature about the efficacy of oral and topical zinc as treatments for acne vulgaris. The medical literature was systematically reviewed to identify relevant articles. Each published study was assessed for pathophysiologic results and the quality of the clinical evidence the study provided based on Strength ...
Woodmansey Karl - - 2013
Dental calculus is a common oral finding. The term giant calculus is used to describe unusually large deposits of dental calculus. Several extreme cases have been reported in the dental literature. The specific etiology of these cases remains uncertain. This paper reviews previously reported cases, and presents another extreme example ...
Seo Bommie F - - 2013
Intravascular fasciitis is a rare, unusual variant of nodular fasciitis. It most commonly involves the head and neck, upper extremity, lower extremity, and trunk. Only 4 cases involving the oral cavity have been reported previously in the literature. Here we present an additional case with a review of the literature.
Tirali R Ebru - - 2013
Tirali RE, Yalç─▒nkaya-Erdemci Z, Çehreli SB. Oral findings and clinical implications of patients with congenital neutropenia: a literature review. Neutropenia is a granulocyte disorder characterized by a dramatically low number of neutrophils, the most important type of white blood cell. The condition results in susceptibility to severe pyogenic infections. Some ...
Veeresh M M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2013
Leiomyomas are benign tumors arising from smooth muscle, most commonly seen in uterine myometrium, gastrointestinal tract, skin and lower extremities of middle-aged women. Leiomyomas are uncommon in the oral cavity with reported incidence of 0.065%, which accounts for 0.42% of all soft-tissue neoplasms in the oral cavity. Leiomyomas of head ...
Gore Charusheela R CR Department of Pathology, Pad. Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Myoepitheliomas are rare, benign neoplasms affecting predominantly parotid gland and to a lesser extent minor salivary glands. In this article we have reported three cases with different histomorphological patterns. Two cases are from oral cavity and one from sinonasal tract, a very rare location. We have discussed different histomorphological patterns ...
Rozza-de-Menezes Rafaela Elvira - - 2013
Background: Oral nerve sheath myxoma (NSM) is an uncommon benign neoplasm with Schwann-cell origin, which is frequently mistaken for neurothekeoma. We report a case of NSM on the buccal mucosa in a 42-year-old woman. This case is compared with previously reported cases and a systematic review is performed. Methods and ...
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