Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 728
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Harada Nahoko - - 2010
AIM: To determine the efficacy and effectiveness of the closed suctioning system. METHOD: Literature review articles were accessed from the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. The literature review criteria included: all publication styles except meta-analysis, participants that were > or =18 years, written in English, and published ...
Berman Darren P - - 2010
Takayasu's arteritis is a granulomatous giant-cell arteritis of the aorta and its major branches. It primarily affects East Asian women in their second or third decade of life but is well known to affect all ethnicities across the world. Given its systemic nature, Takayasu's arteritis has multiorgan involvement, with the ...
Afshar Kamyar - - 2010
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease with a 90% predilection for the lungs, but any organ can be involved. Gastrointestinal involvement is rare. Within the gastrointestinal system, gastric involvement is the most common. When this organ system is involved, it can be a feature of systemic disease or an isolated case. ...
Payer Michael - - 2010
Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system is a rare disorder with hemosiderin deposition in the spinal and cranial leptomeninges and subpial layer, mostly from repetitive subarachnoid hemorrhage. Progressive sensorineural deafness, cerebellar ataxia, and pyramidal signs comprise the typical clinical presentation. We describe a 47-year-old patient, who showed initial 2-year ...
Seccia V - - 2010
Amyloidosis is a term applied to a diverse group of disorders that share the deposition of amyloid protein in various extracellular tissues. Systemic amyloidosis may involve almost any organ system in the body including regions in the head and neck; however, neck lymph node involvement is rare, with only five ...
Dghoughi Saloua - - 2010
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous rheumatic disease within the scleroderma spectrum of disorders. The systemic forms of scleroderma are most appropriately designated systemic sclerosis. Typical features of the disease include thickening of the skin (scleroderma) and damage to other organs, caused by excessive accumulation of collagen. SSc also affects ...
- - 2010
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
Di Gregorio Guido - - 2010
The classic description of local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) generally described in textbooks includes a series of progressively worsening neurologic symptoms and signs occurring shortly after the injection of local anesthetic and paralleling progressive increases in blood local anesthetic concentration, culminating in seizures and coma. In extreme cases, signs of ...
Vrbova L - - 2010
Evaluations of emerging zoonoses surveillance systems are rarely found in the published literature, making it difficult for decision-makers to choose the best surveillance initiatives.
Marshall Kathleen - - 2010
Scleromyxedema is a rare variant of lichen myxedematosus. In addition to cutaneous manifestations, scleromyxedema often presents with systemic manifestations, including dysphagia, proximal muscle weakness, central nervous system disturbances, encephalopathy, and restrictive lung disease. It is almost always associated with paraproteinemia, usually IgG with gamma light chains. We review the literature ...
Zhou Juan - - 2010
Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) belongs to a heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by a congenital absence of skin, usually on the vertex of the scalp. It can occur as an isolated defect or can be associated with a number of other congenital anomalies. Two cases of systemic ACC of a ...
Rodrigues Carlos Ewerton Maia - - 2010
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic hepatitis of unknown etiology characterized by continuing hepatocellular necrosis and inflammation that afflicts 100,000 to 200,000 persons in the United States. It is a rare manifestation of systemic sclerosis. Only about nine reports of this association have been previously reported in the literature. Importantly, ...
Kaminsky I A - - 2011
SUMMARY: CSH is a very uncommon lesion and is distinctly unusual in the brain. We report a case of CSH within the brain parenchyma in a 27-year-old woman with Crohn disease. Advanced radiologic imaging and anatomic pathology correlation allow this report to serve as a reference for future similar cases.
Treszezamsky Alejandro Daniel - - 2010
A standardized system for reporting pelvic organ prolapse is important for clinical communication, patient follow-up, and meaningful comparisons between studies. In 1996, the description of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system (POPQ) was published. We hypothesized that its use in published articles of specialized journals would increase over time. Articles ...
Bureau Ronan - - 2010
This article reviews the medicinal implications of 5-HT(4)R in the peripheral and central nervous systems, based on data from two hundred bibliographic references. An exhaustive compilation of molecules reported to be antagonists or agonists for 5-HT(4)R is presented, including chemical structures, binding properties and pharmacological profiles. In the last part ...
Hori Michiko - - 2010
A 70-year old man with a 14 year history of Sjögren syndrome, interstitial pneumonia, and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) was admitted to our hospital due to hyponatremia with a one month history of fatigue, thirst, and nausea. Laboratory tests on admission revealed that this patient had a central adrenal insufficiency. Pituitary ...
Springs Clark - - 2010
The purpose of this review is to outline the mechanism of action of a novel ocular lubricant incorporating hydroxypropyl-guar (HPG) and the demulcents polyethylene glycol 400 and propylene glycol. The literature relating to the mechanism of action of Systane Ultra is presented. The literature search covered the period prior to ...
Asahina Yasuko - - 2010
Since we do not know much about the efficacy and safety of dietary supplements and functional foods (DS), it is important to collect DS-related events and to share the information among healthcare professionals. Therefore, we aimed to develop an internet-based system which would allow medical doctors and pharmacists to report ...
Bailey Chris D - - 2010
Breathlessness is a debilitating and distressing symptom in a wide variety of diseases and still a difficult symptom to manage. An integrative review of systematic reviews of non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions for breathlessness in non-malignant disease was undertaken to identify the current state of clinical understanding of the management of ...
Biffl Walter L - - 2010
Of the many body systems adversely affected by severe anorexia nervosa (AN), the pulmonary system is relatively spared. However, in the face of severe malnutrition of AN, the lung may undergo architectural changes that adversely affect its integrity and healing capacity. We report herein a case of a pneumothorax in ...
Davidovici Batya B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common, chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease. Lately, there is increasing evidence that psoriasis is more than "skin deep". Epidemiological studies showed that severe psoriasis might have also important systemic manifestations such as metabolic deregulations, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and increased mortality. Moreover, recently psoriasis patients were found ...
Salakos N - - 2010
The aim of the study is to present the mechanisms of action, indications, complications, contraindications and the necessary tests before the insertion of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena). After a literature search in Pubmed, a narrative review in the field is presented.
Becker Daniel E - - 2010
Nausea, vomiting, and hiccups are troubling complications associated with sedation and general anesthesia. This article will review the basic pathophysiology of these events and current recommendations for their prevention and management.
Kumaraswamy Sv - - 2009
Lipomas represent about 1 to 5% of all neoplasms of the oral cavity. Although relatively common, few large series of intraoral lipomas and its variants are seen in the literature. Therefore, the author presents the four cases of intra-oral lipoma with one case of histological variant of lipoma, the fibrolipoma. ...
Schmid C - - 2009
Extracorporeal life support is becoming increasingly popular with the miniaturization of the devices necessary for cardiac and pulmonary support. In the present report, the current systems, indications for placement and limitations are reviewed.
Hinova Anelia - - 2009
There is a need for safe, effective, and easy-to-administer systemic analgesia that ideally has rapid onset and offset, matches the time course of uterine contractions, and does not compromise the fetus. Although neuraxial blockade is the "gold standard" for labor analgesia, systemic analgesia is useful in those cases in which ...
Schwarz Dan - - 2009
Persistent pleural effusions are not common in patients with primary systemic amyloidosis (AL). A recent review of this complication of the disease hypothesized that the pathophysiology of these effusions is pleural amyloid deposition, disrupting lymphatic drainage. We report the case of a 73-year-old woman with primary systemic AL and persistent ...
Goenka Ajit H - - 2009
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is an idiopathic, sclerosing condition that occurs only in patients who have impaired renal function. Although its most conspicuous manifestation is in the skin, the condition involves multiple organ systems and is potentially fatal. Its postulated association with gadolinium-based magnetic resonance contrast agents has attracted attention. The ...
Al-Sobhi E - - 2009
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a systemic malignancy of pathologic plasma cells that is treatable with chemotherapeutic agents and irradiation, but rarely curable. The spectrum of neurological complications of MM is diverse; however, involvement of MM in the cerebrospinal fluid and leptomeningeal infiltration is considered rare. There have been many reviews ...
Skiada A A 1st Department of Propedeutic Medicine, Athens University, Athens, - - 2009
Zygomycosis of the central nervous system (CNS) can manifest in three distinct clinical forms, as rhinocerebral zygomycosis, as disseminated zygomycosis with CNS involvement, and as isolated cerebral zygomycosis. We present a case of a 2-year-old boy with leukaemia and disseminated zygomycosis, caused by Absidia corymbifera, involving the brain, spinal cord, ...
London Jack W - - 2009
The reporting of serious adverse events is a requirement when conducting a clinical trial involving human subjects, necessary for the protection of the participants. The reporting process is a multi-step procedure, involving a number of individuals from initiation to final review, and must be completed in a timely fashion. The ...
Ramírez-Zamora Adolfo - - 2009
Central nervous system (CNS) cavernous malformations (CMs) are developmental malformations of the vascular bed with a highly variable clinical course due to their dynamic nature. We present one case of 'de novo' brainstem cavernous malformation after radiation therapy adding to the increasing number of reported cases in the medical literature, ...
Canfield D E - - 2009
It is our opinion that the nomenclature used to define geochemical environments is inconsistent and confusing, and in particular the use and meaning of the term 'suboxic', which is widely applied in the geochemical and ecological literature. Our purpose here is to review the redox zonation of natural systems and ...
Genzen Jonathan R - - 2009
Aspergillus terreus was identified in an intradural spinal biopsy specimen from an African female with recurrent headache and hydrocephalus. Prior laboratory testing of cerebrospinal fluid was nondiagnostic, despite extensive central nervous system (CNS) involvement. CNS Aspergillus infection presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and is reviewed in the context of ...
Loukas Marios - - 2010
Descriptions of the human anatomy derived from religious texts are often omitted from the medical literature. The present review aims to discuss the comments and commentaries made regarding the heart and cardiovascular system as found in the Qur'an and Hadeeth. Based on this review, it is clear that these early ...
Yu Oriana Hoi Yun - - 2010
The incidence of invasive aspergillosis is increasing due to more frequent use of immunosuppressant agents in patients with autoimmune diseases, hematological malignancies, and solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplants. Invasive aspergillosis most commonly affects the lungs, sinuses, and brain. Aspergillosis affecting the musculoskeletal system is rare. We describe here ...
Altissimi G - - 2009
The authors present a case of heterotopic central nervous system tissue observed in an 81-year-old male in the form of an ethmoidal polyp. A review of the literature indicates that this is a rare condition characterised by a connective tissue lesion with astrocytic and oligodendrocytic glial cells, which may be ...
Diaz-Romero Ricardo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Only five cases of infection of the central nervous system attributable to intracranial permanent devices (e.g., coils, cyanacrylate) have been described. METHODS: Case report and review of the pertinent English-language literature. CASE REPORT: A case of perianeurysmal abscess, cavernous sinus syndrome, and bacterial meningitis after coil placement in an ...
Saleh Zenus - - 2009
Superficial morphea, a newly described variant of morphea, manifests clinically with hypopigmented or hyperpigmented patches that lack induration. The lesions show on biopsy dermal sclerosis in the superficial to mid-reticular dermis. So far, all cases reported in the literature were skin limited. In this report, we describe a 24-year-old female ...
Bettesworth Jacob J Kansas City School of Medicine and Biosciences, Kansas City, KS, - - 2009
Actinomycosis is an indolent, slowly progressive, suppurative infection caused by gram-positive branching bacteria of the genus Actinomyces. The organism is a member of the oral and gastrointestinal microflora of humans. The disease actinomycosis most commonly occurs in 3 body regions: cervicofacial (55% of patients), abdominopelvic (20%), and pulmonothoracic (15%). Involvement ...
Triaridis S - - 2009
Spontaneous haemorrhage is a well known complication of oral anticoagulation therapy. Various sites of bleeding have been reported in the literature, most commonly being the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary system and central nervous system. Spontaneous haematoma is rarely reported to involve the upper aerodigestive tract, being potentially a life threatening condition. ...
Songu Murat - - 2009
Sneezing is a protective reflex, and is sometimes a sign of various medical conditions. Sneezing has been a remarkable sign throughout the history. In Asia and Europe, superstitions regarding sneezing extend through a wide range of races and countries, and it has an ominous significance. Although sneezing is a protective ...
Yeshaswini T - - 2009
The Buccal Fat Pad (BFP) has been increasingly employed in the reconstruction of intra-oral defects since the procedure was first described by Egyedi. Although the use of BFP for closure of oro-antral communications has been reported in literature, it is either not a common practice or is under reported in ...
Lee Tae Hoon - - 2009
The Mayfield head clamp is the most frequently used head clamp system in the field of neurosurgery. In many cases, surgery is performed with complete reliance on the safety of the MHC. However, we experienced an extremely rare case in which the MHC accidentally broke while installing this system for ...
Niazkhani Zahra - - 2009
Previous studies have shown the importance of workflow issues in the implementation of CPOE systems and patient safety practices. To understand the impact of CPOE on clinical workflow, we developed a conceptual framework and conducted a literature search for CPOE evaluations between 1990 and June 2007. Fifty-one publications were identified ...
Dickey Michelle - - 2009
A 31/2-year-old child presented with symptoms of acute gastroenteritis and evidence of central nervous system disease. Evaluation revealed findings consistent with meningoencephalitis and rotavirus detected in the cerebrospinal fluid by polymerase chain reaction. A review of the literature describes 23 cases of central nervous system disease attributed to rotavirus.
Bilimoria Karl Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To design a Web-based system to track adverse and near-miss events, to establish an automated method to identify patterns of events, and to assess the adverse event reporting behavior of physicians. DESIGN: A Web-based system was designed to collect physician-reported adverse events including weekly Morbidity and Mortality (M&M) entries ...
Weathers Allison L - - 2009
Encephalopathy due to hepatic or renal failure, electrolyte disturbances, or the administration of benzodiazepines and narcotics is commonly encountered, well reviewed in the literature, and, therefore, not usually missed. This article focuses on encephalopathies that were previously well described but may be overlooked by modern clinicians, as well as those ...
Lucantoni Corrado - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is an angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoreticular proliferation, which usually involves the lungs, but may also involve the central nervous system (CNS). Unique involvement of the CNS has been reported rarely. We report our experience with LYG confined to the brain and review the pertinent literature. PATIENTS ...
Tailor Rajen - - 2009
Systemic sclerosis is a chronic multi-system disorder predominantly affecting the skin, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, and renal systems. Although the exact etiology is unknown, recent evidence suggests that immune activation play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis. Ocular involvement in systemic sclerosis has been documented; however, due to the rare nature ...
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