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Saeed Tahir - - 2011
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) in the elderly is an uncommon finding, especially when it is not related to thymoma. A case is presented with late onset Myasthenia Gravis treated with steroids, immunosuppressives and mechanical ventilation. This 61 year Asian hypertensive lady clinically diagnosed as MG presented to emergency room with difficulty ...
Guijarro-Martínez Raquel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Möbius sequence implies significant maxillofacial hard and soft tissue anomalies which nevertheless have not been addressed thoroughly in the scientific literature. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of complete Möbius sequence and discuss the management of maxillofacial hard and soft tissue anomalies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 15-year-old girl with complete ...
Cloran F - - 2011
Extracranial epidural emphysema is an uncommon phenomenon that refers to the presence of gas within the epidural space. As an isolated finding, it is typically benign, but it can be a secondary sign of more ominous disease processes, such as pneumothorax, pneumoperitoneum and epidural abscess. Although the phenomenon has been ...
Horie Nobutaka - - 2011
Recently, endovascular management has been reported as a feasible option for Takayasu aortitis. However, few papers have focused on restenosis in the follow-up, and therefore, it is important to predict high-risk cases for restenosis after endovascular treatment. We herein report three cases with Takayasu aortitis showing repeated restenosis after endovascular ...
Ilczyszyn Andrei - - 2011
Chyle leakage post head-and-neck resection is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. Management may be problematic and prolonged. Recently, thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct has emerged as a promising technique to definitively treat this difficult problem. We present a recent case of a hemimandibulectomy, radical modified neck dissection and ...
Cashman Emma - - 2011
Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy ...
May Lindsay J - - 2011
Paediatric myocarditis remains challenging from the perspectives of diagnosis and management. Multiple aetiologies exist and the majority of cases appear to be related to viral illnesses. Enteroviruses are believed to be the most common cause, although cases related to adenovirus may be more frequent than suspected. The clinical presentation is ...
Mitra Subhashis - - 2011
Swallow or deglutition syncope is a relatively rare syndrome. It is a vagally mediated syncope induced by swallowing. Swallow syncope may occur in all age groups and, when diagnosed, is treatable. A woman, aged 60 years, presented with an episode of a syncopal attack associated with swallowing a sandwich. She ...
Ribeiro Daniel Cury - - 2011
Effective intervention for low back pain (LBP) can include feedback in one form or other. Although extrinsic feedback (EF) can be provided in a number of ways, most research has not considered how different EF characteristics (e.g. timing and content) influence treatment outcomes. A systematic search related to feedback and ...
Kirkali Ziya - - 2011
The aim of this review is to help physicians tailor targeted treatments for advanced renal cell carcinoma to suit patient needs and ensure maximum overall duration of response to therapy by providing a summary of the frequency and time of onset of adverse events (AEs) and by raising awareness of ...
Carmody John - - 2011
A case of sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (sBL) presenting with jaw and lid involvement in a diabetic adult African American female and a review of adult orbital Burkitt lymphoma cases are presented. Lid edema, visual loss, ophthalmoparesis, proptosis, and sinusitis progressed over 4 weeks despite antibiotic and steroid treatment. Upper lid ...
Szabo Bianca - - 2011
Idiopathic orbital inflammatory pseudotumor is a chronic neoplasm-like inflammatory reaction, usually affecting the orbital tissues of both eyes and orbit. Isolated optic nerve involvement by the idiopathic inflammatory process is a rare finding and very few reports are available. Here a case of an isolated orbital nerve inflammatory pseudotumor presenting ...
Lin Haoming - - 2011
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign liver neoplasm with a risk of spontaneous bleeding and malignant transformation. The aim of this review article is to review all the case reports and case series of patients with HCA from 1998 to 2008 in China and other parts of the world in ...
Ah-See Kim - - 2011
Acute sinusitis is defined pathologically, by transient inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses lasting less than 4 weeks. Clinically, it is characterised by nasal congestion, rhinorrhoea, facial pain, hyposmia, sneezing, and, if more severe, additional malaise and fever. It affects 1% to 5% of the adult population ...
Ziakas Nikolas G - - 2011
In newborns with unilateral buphthalmos and presumed congenital glaucoma, the differential diagnosis should include the rare condition of orbitotemporal neurofibromatosis. The authors present the diagnostic challenge of an unusual case of neurofibromatosis type 1 with unilateral congenital glaucoma, buphthalmos, and sphenoid-orbital dysplasia. The accompanying type of osseous orbital dysplasia has ...
Bacher Janice - - 2011
Abstract Pyogenic granuloma (PG) with satellitosis is a rare phenomenon that typically occurs in children and teenagers. It can be seen after excision or trauma to the original lesion. The aim is to review an atypical case of PG with satellitosis and to highlight a conservative approach to management. This ...
Bilder Leon - - 2011
The authors reviewed the literature regarding inhalation and ingestion of orthodontic appliances and suggest ways to manage and prevent these events. The authors conducted literature searches of free text and Medical Subject Headings terms by using PubMed and Embase databases and selected appropriate studies. They analyzed retrieved articles according to ...
Kucuk M - - 2011
Labial fusion is described as partial or complete adherence of the labia minora. Adhesions of the labia are extremely rare in the reproductive population with only a few cases described in the literature and none reported with pregnancy. A 24-year-old woman who had extensively fused labia with a pinhole opening ...
Sazgar A A - - 2011
Haemangiopericytoma is an uncommon vascular tumour of the sinonasal region with different clinical and pathological presentations. Given its origin from Zimmerman's pericytes around the capillaries, profuse bleeding during surgical manipulation is a characteristic sign. The open approach, with or without pre-operative embolisation, is therefore the usual technique for the resection ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2011
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD but monthly online. The October issue for 2010 (3rd DVD for 2010) contains 4407 complete reviews, 1962 protocols for reviews in production, and 13,521 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition ...
Howe Christopher L - - 2011
The Office of Inspector General published a series of four reports from 2008 to 2010 after investigating the frequency and financial impact of "never events" on Medicare recipients. This series investigated healthcare's ability to identify the occurrence of these events and yielded a detailed analysis of data that must, or ...
Kar Subrata - - 2010
Statins (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) are associated with myopathy, myalgias, myositis, and rhabdomyolysis. Rhabdoymyolysis is a rare complication and may cause acute renal failure, which may be fatal. In such cases, alternative therapies should be considered. In this review, we attempted to elucidate the lipid management options in patients ...
Criado Paulo Ricardo - - 2010
Livedoid vasculopathy is an occlusive cutaneous disease of the dermal vessels with pauci-inflammatory or non-inflammatory histopathology findings. It is characterized by the presence of macules or papules, erythemato-purpuric lesions located on the legs, especially on the ankles and feet, which produce ulcerations that are intensely painful and originate ivory atrophic ...
Kim Sang Kwon - - 2010
Tension pneumothorax in newborns is a rare but life-threatening complication. We encountered a case of a full-term neonate with a breech presentation. An elective cesarean section was scheduled. Immediately after delivery, the newborn was found to be breathless with a heart rate <60/min. During intubation and cardiac massage, the patient's ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2010
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly. The July issue for 2010 contains 4309 complete reviews, 1935 protocols for reviews in production, and 12,893 one-page summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition there are citations of 625,000 randomized controlled trials, and 13,320 ...
Aktoz T - - 2011
Priapism is a pathological condition of a penile erection that persists beyond or is unrelated to sexual stimulation. Priapism is broadly classified into two types: (i) ischaemic priapism (veno-occlusive) (low-flow), (ii) nonischaemic priapism (arterial) (high-flow). We report the case of a newborn presenting with priapism on the first day of ...
Howard Julia M - - 2010
Achalasia is an oesophageal motility disorder characterised by aperistalsis and failure of relaxation of a hypertensive lower oesophageal sphincter. Treatment intent targets the sphincter, and either Heller's myotomy or pneumatic dilatation successfully relieves dysphagia in the majority of cases. End-stage achalasia, typified by a massively dilated and tortuous oesophagus, may ...
Wormald R - - 2010
Our objective is to present a short series of four rare cases of ectopic olfactory neuroblastoma. Our methods present four case reports of ectopic olfactory neuroblastoma and a review of the literature for management and treatment of this disease. The results indicate short case series reports of ectopic olfactory neuroblastoma ...
Le Thuy - - 2010
AIDS&#x2010;associated Cryptococcus neoformans and Penicillium marneffei coinfection has not been adequately studied and poses unique therapeutic challenges in resource&#x2010;limited settings. Itraconazole poorly penetrates the central nervous system, whereas fluconazole has poor activity against P. marneffei. We prospectively report management of 1 patient and retrospectively review 7 coinfection cases from Vietnam.
Li Bo - - 2010
Teratomas arising from the head and neck are extremely rare. Sporadic reports in the literature mostly involve infant and young people. In this clinical report, we present a huge teratoma of the infratemporal fossa in an old patient. Current diagnosis and management approaches of this rare entity are described.
Nourbakhsh Ali - - 2010
We present a case of a purely infrasellar craniopharyngioma that initially presented as a sphenoid sinus mass. Craniopharyngiomas are usually located within the sella. Purely infrasellar craniopharyngiomas have only rarely been reported in the literature. A 25-year-old woman presented with 6-month history of progressive headaches. Initial neuroimaging revealed the presence ...
Salvador Sócrates - - 2010
To alert pediatricians to the neurologic consequences of toxocariasis and to describe the first pediatric case of neurotoxocariasis with concomitant cerebral, cerebellar and peripheral nervous system involvement. We report a case of neurotoxocariasis in a previously healthy 5-year-old boy with unusual symptoms and multi-site involvement of both the central and ...
Ozdemir Didem - - 2010
To present an overview of the published data on endocrine involvement and endocrine dysfunction in patients with systemic amyloidosis. We conducted a review of the medical literature using MEDLINE data sources, including clinical trials, in vitro studies, and case reports on pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreatic, adrenal, and gonadal involvement in ...
Nimjee Shahid M - - 2011
Dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST) is a pathological phenomenon resulting from vascular occlusion of the cerebral venous sinuses. The mainstay of therapy for DVST is anticoagulation but more aggressive interventional therapies must be considered when medical therapy fails. A case is presented of a patient who was diagnosed with DVST, ...
Valentín Sheila M - - 2010
Hemophagocytosis may be encountered in association with a variety of underlying conditions, including primary or familial disorders, and secondary forms induced by infections, malignancy, and metabolic disorders. It is usually observed in organs such as the spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, and central nervous system, but rarely in the skin. ...
El-Hout Yaser - - 2010
To review the current status of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for renal stones in children focusing on its indications, outcomes and success in the management of nephrolithiasis. Between 1988 and 2009, a comprehensive PubMed/MEDLINE literature review on RIRS was conducted. The available literature is limited and heterogeneous, skewed by favorable ...
Kilby W - - 2010
This review provides a complete technical description of the CyberKnife VSI System, the latest addition to the CyberKnife product family, which was released in September 2009. This review updates the previous technical reviews of the original system version published in the late 1990s. Technical developments over the last decade have ...
Agrawal Sushma - - 2010
Synchronous bilateral germ cell tumo (BGCT) of the testis is rare and its association with bilateral cryptorchidism is even rarer. We report one case of BGCT of testis with bilateral cryptorchidism who presented as blunt injury abdomen in emergencyand was not diagnosed preoperatively. Postoperatively after an appropriate diagnosis, he was ...
Ghinoi A - - 2010
To report a case of biopsy-proven, ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) involving the central nervous system (CNS) and to review the relevant literature. Descriptive case report of one patient with AAV-related CNS vasculitis and review of the relevant literature (PubMed search from 1966 to February 2010). A 61-year-old female patient with AAV ...
Evans William N - - 2010
Classification systems for thoracoabdominal situs have been the subject of numerous reports, yet confusion persists. This essay presents an abbreviated historical review of the currently used terms, briefly discusses some of the nomenclature controversies, and proposes a classification system that more closely adheres to the etymology of the descriptors, especially ...
Cukurova I - - 2010
Aim of the present report is to describe a case of radionecrosis related to radiotherapy of the larynx and to review the literature. A review was made of the hospital chart, surgery report, imaging studies and pathological findings of a 51-year-old male patient came to our attention. Results indicated that ...
Behrens R - - 2010
In April 2005, a geometry package to implement almost arbitrary geometries was added to the EGSnrc code system: egspp (Kawrakow 2005 NRCC Report PIRS-899, Kawrakow and Rogers 2006 NRCC Report PIRS-701). During the use of this geometry package, some inconsistencies were found which might lead to dose values that are ...
Mahajan R P - - 2010
The success of incident reporting in improving safety, although obvious in aviation and other high-risk industries, is yet to be seen in health-care systems. An incident reporting system which would improve patient safety would allow front-end clinicians to have easy access for reporting an incident with an understanding that their ...
Liu Yong-Cai - - 2010
Primary laryngeal aspergillosis is extremely rare, especially in an immunocompetent host. It is commonly found as part of a systemic infection involving the respiratory system in immunocompromised people. Two cases of laryngeal aspergillosis with no systemic extension and no generalized immune deficiency are presented here. We report what is to ...
Liubinas Simon V - - 2010
Primary melanocytic neoplasms of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare lesions arising from melanocytes of the leptomeninges. They include diffuse leptomeningeal melanocytosis or melanomatosis, melanocytoma and primary malignant melanoma. We have reviewed the English literature regarding these lesions, which consists of case reports and a small number of larger ...
Cao Xiaoyun - - 2010
Solitary intracranial plasmacytomas (SICPs) are extremely uncommon tumors in the central nervous system, and are often misdiagnosed pre-operatively. We report a patient with SICP, describe the neuroradiological and neurosurgical features and the clinical management of this patient, and review the pertinent literature.
Ou Q - - 2010
Sparganosis is a rare parasitic infection in humans caused by a larval cestode of the genus Spirometra. Spargana invade muscle, subcutaneous tissue, the eye, urogenital, and abdominal viscera, but the central nervous system (CNS) is not a frequent site of invasion. Here, we describe an 18-year-old patient with cerebral sparganosis ...
Lysandropoulos Andreas P - - 2010
This review discusses demyelinating events of the nervous system that have been associated with new immunomodulatory treatments, in particular monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Natalizumab, a mAb targeting the alpha-4 integrins, which is efficient in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, has been associated with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). We will review the putative mechanisms ...
Micieli Jonathan A - - 2010
As the off-label use of intravitreal bevacizumab continues for an increasing number of ocular conditions, a systematic review of the literature aimed at detecting temporally associated systemic adverse events was undertaken. Systematic review of the literature and a health regulatory database. A total of 22 different clinical studies representing 12,699 ...
Zhang Jun - - 2010
Intracranial epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EH) is a rare neoplasm in the central nervous system. The authors describe a case of EH arising from the tentorium in a 57-year-old woman. A review of the literature showed that this was the first case report of computed tomographic angiography findings of EH.
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