Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 613
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Bélanger Jacqueline M R - - 2006
The use of microwave-assisted extraction has gained wide acceptance as a powerful tool for the recovery of environmental contaminants and their subsequent analysis. This paper reviews the historical and fundamental basis of the technology. It also provides a cursory review of the current state-of-the-art and literature (2000-2006) in the area ...
Elias Johannes - - 2006
Nosocomial transmission of Neisseria meningitidis has only rarely been reported. Here, we present a significant spatiotemporal association of two cases of invasive meningococcal disease identified by retrospective cluster analysis with the program SaTScan. The most likely epidemiological link was simultaneous hospitalization, resulting in indirect nosocomial transmission.
Seike Hirofumi - - 2006
[structure: see text] The C5-C10 relative stereochemistry of sagittamide A was predicted, with the use of the 3JH,H profiles assembled from the spin-coupling constants reported in the literature. The predicted relative stereochemistry was then confirmed by a total synthesis of two relevant remote diastereomers. The absolute configuration of sagittamide A ...
Boots Denise Paquette - - 2006
This article is a content analysis of news reports of parricide cases occurring worldwide. An extensive search of online databases found coverage of more than 200 cases of children killing parents reported in the news media. Data pertaining to incidents, case-related variables (e.g., weapons used, other charges), and the processing ...
Barrett Ciara - - 2007
The majority of cases of breast cancer scoring HER2 weak positive (2+) on immunohistochemistry (IHC) using the HercepTest are not associated with amplification of the HER2/neu gene. To examine the reproducibility of IHC in cases scoring 2+ subsequently shown to have gene amplification by fluorescence in-situ hybridisation (FISH). A retrospective ...
Ozgur Burak M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cerebellar mutism (CM) is a postoperative complication of mainly pediatric posterior fossa surgery. Multiple theories exist for explaining this phenomenon. We have made an attempt to further understand this entity given a particularly interesting case as it relates to multiple pathophysiologic pathways. METHODS: We have reviewed the details surrounding ...
Martin R D - - 2006
Endocast analysis of the brain Homo floresiensis by Falk et al. (Reports, 8 April 2005, p. 242) implies that the hominid is an insular dwarf derived from H. erectus, but its tiny cranial capacity cannot result from normal dwarfing. Consideration of more appropriate microcephalic syndromes and specimens supports the hypothesis ...
Gallerani M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Several acute diseases exhibit a circannual pattern. The present study was aimed to verify the possible existence of a seasonal variability in the onset of acute appendicitis (AA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases of AA diagnosed at the St Anna Hospital of Ferrara, Italy, from 1998 to 2004, were ...
Nguyen H N - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuromuscular mechanisms regulating esophageal bolus transport are well studied. However, detailed data about the relationship between bolus transit and lower esophageal sphincter (LES)-relaxation during conventional motility testing are still lacking. METHODOLOGY: We performed systematic studies in 25 normal subjects, employing a catheter that integrates the two techniques impedancometry and ...
Ahmed Ahmed A - - 2006
Salvidorol (1), a irregular nor-abietane-type diterpene, was isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia dorrii, in addition to two epimeric abietane diterpenes (2 and 3). This is the first report of a nor-diterpene with an irregular skeleton. The structures were established by high-field NMR techniques ((1)H-(1)H COSY, DEPT, HMQC, HMBC, ...
Kandasamy R - - 2006
Psoas abscess is an uncommon presentation on the acute medical take. However recognition and appropriate treatment is essential. This review is designed to highlight the clinical features, microbiology, diagnostic tests and treatment for this condition. In order to illustrate some of the pitfalls and complexities in the management of psoas ...
Wootten Christopher T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In a minority of patients, primary hyperparathyroidism spontaneously remits either by autoinfarction or by hemorrhage into or around the adenoma. We describe a case of autoparathyroidectomy occurring in a 63-year-old man 9 years after three parathyroid glands were removed during a total thyroidectomy. This case is compared with 50 ...
García-Ruiz Carmen - - 2006
In this review, the main aspects related to the separation of different groups of antibiotics by CE as well as the different applications reported in the literature from the beginning 2003 till May 2005 will be provided to the readers. Firstly, the experimental conditions employed to achieve the analysis of ...
Turnbull John - - 2005
Long-case patient-based examinations previously formed the basis of summative competency testing in physician certification examinations. These exams were found to be unreliable and have fallen from favor. During the authors' deliberation of the long case in the neurology certification examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, ...
Oliver M Norman - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This article describes geographic bias in GIS analyses with unrepresentative data owing to missing geocodes, using as an example a spatial analysis of prostate cancer incidence among whites and African Americans in Virginia, 1990-1999. Statistical tests for clustering were performed and such clusters mapped. The patterns of missing census ...
Yera Hélène - - 2006
We report here a likely case of Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense contracted in France through the consumption of a Pacific salmon imported from Canada. The species diagnosis was made by molecular analysis of two mitochondrial genes (COI & ND3). This case is rather unusual in that D. nihonkaiense has never been reported ...
Leestma Jan E - - 2005
The English-language medical case literature was searched for cases of apparent or alleged child abuse between the years 1969 and 2001. Three-hundred and twenty-four cases that contained detailed individual case information were analyzed yielding 54 cases in which someone was recorded as having admitted, in some fashion, to have shaken ...
Siegel Shepard - - 2005
F. K. McSweeney, E. S. Murphy, and B. P. Kowal present a convincing case that the literature on habituation and sensitization to the sensory properties of conventional reinforcers is relevant to understanding a variety of addictive behaviors. They note that their model has advantages over a number of alternative formulations. ...
Jabs Douglas A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe common errors in the analyses and data presentation of a clinical case series and to suggest simple solutions. DESIGN: Instructional examples. METHODS: Problems with commonly used data analysis and reporting techniques in clinical case series are described using both theoretical examples and those from the literature. RESULTS: ...
Al-Assar O - - 2005
Ideopathic myelofibrosis (IMF) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder resulting in bone marrow fibrosis as a consequence of growth factor release from clonal haematopoiesis. Conventional cytogenetic analysis identifies abnormalities in approximately a third of cases at diagnosis, although rarely uncovers unique, primary genetic events. We have used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) ...
Dzokoto Vivian Afi - - 2005
A small-scale epidemic of genital shrinking occurred in six West African nations between January 1997 and October 2003. This article presents a summary and analysis of 56 media reports of these cases. A clinical formulation of these cases considers a variety of explanations from theory and research in social and ...
Savvopoulos M A - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is to present Greek law and legislation for crimes and felonies regarding drugs of abuse and the interpretation of hair testing results with respect to Greek law. Details (such as the process, the decision and the competence of the Court, the police record, the indictment, ...
Fabre B - - 2005
We report the case of a 42-year-old man with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) and recurrent bilateral nephrolithiasis. Diagnosis of PXE was made by yellow papules on the neck and ophthalmologic angioid streaks. This diagnosis was confirmed by a skin biopsy (Von Kossa stain) and by genotyping analysis of ABCC6 (homozygous mutation ...
Pettey Adam A - - 2005
The presence of sebaceous skin tumors with visceral neoplasms is known as Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS). It is a phenotypic subset of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and is caused by mutations in genes encoding for mismatch repair (MMR) proteins. The presence of a sebaceous gland neoplasm should raise concern for a ...
Huang Hsuan-Ying - - 2005
EWS-FLI1 fusion type, p53 mutation, and homozygous deletion of p16/p14ARF have each been shown to be prognostically significant in Ewing sarcoma (ES). We provide the first combined prognostic analysis of these three molecular parameters in ES. We studied 60 patients with ES (stage: localized in 54, metastatic in six). All ...
Wilson Edward O - - 2005
The identity and origin of the West Indian plague ants of the early sixteenth and late eighteenth centuries have long been a mystery. By reviewing historic accounts with an analysis of the present-day Caribbean ant fauna, I have narrowed the list of suspects to two species and their insect symbionts.
Furukawa Toshi A - - 2005
The principle of intention-to-treat analysis must be strictly applied to both individual randomized controlled trial and meta-analysis but, in doing so, would involve imputation of some missing data. There is little literature on how to perform this in the case of meta-analysis. For dichotomous outcome measures, one possible strategy is ...
Norlander Bradley - - 2005
There has been significant interest in, and controversy about, whether anger and hostility problems are meaningfully related to male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV). In this meta-analytic review, we empirically evaluated whether the constructs of anger and hostility discriminated between IPV perpetrators and nonviolent comparison males. Thirty-three studies reporting data from ...
Loeb E - - 2004
A retrospective analysis of 42 ruminants (sheep, goats and cattle) with suspected meningo-encephalitis was performed. The clinical findings and the post-mortem results of the animals have been specified. Bacteriological culture, Gram's stain and Listeria-specific immunohistochemistry were performed in order to confirm the diagnosis of these cases. The results of the ...
Siqueira J F JF - - 2004
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the bacterial communities associated with asymptomatic and symptomatic endodontic infections and to compare denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprinting patterns of these two clinical conditions. The root canal microbiota of teeth associated with asymptomatic or symptomatic periradicular lesions was profiled by ...
Hur Chin - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There has been much speculation about the potential impact on the use of conventional colonoscopy if "virtual" computed tomographic colonography (CTC) became a widely accepted modality for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, no formal analysis of the impact of CTC on colonoscopy demand has been reported. METHODS: ...
Chang Tung-Ming - - 2004
This report describes a child having the syndrome of overlapping phenotypic features of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome (MNGIE). Mitochondrial DNA analysis revealed a point mutation at position A3243G, whereas activity of thymidine phosphorylase and its corresponding gene analysis were normal. ...
Desai Sangeeta - - 2004
Telepathology is the practice of pathology at a distance. Static telepathology is employed to achieve teleconsultation between a tertiary cancer referral centre, Tata Memorial Centre and a sister concern in rural area viz. Nargis Dutt Memorial Cancer Hospital, Barshi, Solapur. This is an analysis of the first 102 cases. Two ...
Kenny Nuala P - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To explore the values and assumptions underlying problem-based learning (PBL) cases through narrative analysis, in order to consider the ways by which paper cases may affect student attitudes and values. METHODS: Randomly chosen PBL cases from the first year curriculum at Dalhousie University medical school (n = 10) were ...
Orief Yasser - - 2004
There is general agreement that intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) should be used in male factor infertility cases, such as oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, presence of anti-sperm antibodies, or azoospermia, these cases being diagnosed through abnormal semen analysis. There are no randomized clinical trials comparing ICSI with IVF (or other interventions) where semen quality ...
Yamasaki Hiroshi - - 2004
A Japanese woman presenting with neurologic symptoms was presumptively diagnosed with neurocysticercosis based on imaging findings. Hooklets in the scolex of the resected lesion were not confirmed through histopathological observation. However, the illness was confirmed by mitochondrial DNA analysis to be a solitary neurocysticercosis case caused by the Asian genotype ...
Scott R Douglas RD - - 2004
With cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) occurring across geographic regions, data collection on the effectiveness of intervention strategies should be standardized to facilitate analysis. We propose a minimum dataset to capture data needed to examine the basic reproduction rate, case status and criteria, symptoms, and outcomes of SARS.
Dupouy-Camet J - - 2004
Diphyllobothriasis, a parasitosis caused by the flatworm Diphyllobothrium latum, is contracted by consuming raw or undercooked freshwater fish. The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation of this parasitosis during the past 20 years in Europe through the analysis of databases and search engines (Medline, Cabi Helminthological abstracts,Yahoo, ...
Stades A M E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Metformin has been associated with the serious side-effect lactic acidosis. However, it remains unclear whether the use of metformin was a cause or a coincidence in lactic acidosis. DESIGN: A literature search of the Index Medicus (1959-66) and of the databases Embase, Medline, Medline Express (1966-99) was performed using ...
Juma-Khan Kakarsulemankhel
During entomological surveys conducted by the author in the whole of Balochistan province, <I>Sergentomyia </I>(<I>Sintonius</I>) <I>clydei </I>Sinton (1928) (N=75) and <I>Sergentomyia</I> (<I>Sintonius</I>) <I>tiberiadis pakistanica</I> Artemiev and Safayanova (1974) (N=25) were collected from fifteen and 3 localities respectively. These localities appear to be the new record of this species in the ...
Allen Shelley - - 2004
Functional capacity evaluations (FCEs) for personal injury claimants are rigorously scrutinized by the stakeholders because of their financial implications. This study examined 51 medico-legal FCE reports for clients all of whom suffered with spinal pain attributed to a motor vehicle accident. The FCEs were completed by 14 occupational therapists. Content ...
Brinker Allen - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Data on file with the US FDA, and other published studies, suggest that the selective cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor NSAID rofecoxib has a greater hypertensive adverse effect than other NSAIDs, including celecoxib. In this study we describe a pharmacoepidemiologic analysis of spontaneous adverse event reports of acute, clinically ...
Feldman Andrea - - 2003
As Peters (2001) has suggested, the young child's use of fillers seems to indicate awareness of distributionally-defined slots in which some as yet unidentified material belongs. One may view a filler as an emergent transitional form; as a slot that serves as an underspecified lexical entry for the accumulation of ...
Sarver David M - - 2003
The "art of the smile" lies in the clinician's ability to recognize the positive elements of beauty in each patient and to create a strategy to enhance the attributes that fall outside the parameters of the prevailing esthetic concept. New technologies have enhanced our ability to see our patients more ...
Kulish Nancy - - 2003
This paper represents an attempt toward reconciling contemporary changes in psychoanalytic understandings of female development, particularly in respect to separation issues, with their clinical applications to female patients. Psychoanalytic thinking typically has categorized separation conflicts as pre-oedipal, but the authors suggest that these are an integral part of the triangular ...
Saravanamuthu Jamna - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We compared microvessel density (MVD) in normal, benign, preneoplastic, and neoplastic (squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)) vulvar disease to ascertain if this parameter could identify cases with lichen sclerosus (LS) and high-grade vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN3) at risk of developing malignancy. METHODS: Microvessels were immunohistochemically stained in paraffin wax-embedded vulvar ...
Modeo Letizia - - 2003
We combined behavioral, morphological (live, stained, scanning and transmission electron-microscope), and molecular data to redescribe two common, intertidal oligotrich ciliates, Novistrombidium testaceum and Strombidium inclinatum. Both species were collected from a rocky shore near Leghorn, Ligurian Sea. A literature review revealed four morphotypes of Novistrombidium testaceum that differ in subtle ...
Kato Hiroya - - 2003
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive lipid-storage disorder characterised by xanthomas, neurological dysfunctions and premature atherosclerosis. A case of a well differentiated adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder occurring in a 57-year-old Japanese man with CTX, confirmed clinically, biochemically and at autopsy is reported together with analyses of the sterol ...
West Tristram O - - 2003
A number of countries are considering implementation of reporting requirements for greenhouse gases. Some reporting systems have been proposed that would require each entity or facility exceeding an annual emissions threshold to report their emissions to a governmental agency. The analysis presented here provides a first approximation of the number ...
Berman Emanuel - - 2003
Two sides in Freud's attitude towards literature and art are presented: Freud the sensitive listener, whose interest in art is a potential springboard for a rich interdisciplinary dialogue; and Freud the conquistador, whose wish for power in 'invaded' territories is related to troublesome aspects of 'pathography' and 'applied analysis'. The ...
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