Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 581
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Cáceres Isabel - - 2007
During excavations of the Bronze Age levels at El Mirador Cave, a hole containing human remains was found. Taphonomic analysis revealed the existence of cutmarks, human toothmarks, cooking damage, and deliberate breakage in most of the remains recovered, suggesting a clear case of gastronomic cannibalism. The piled distribution of the ...
Aagaard Lise - - 2007
Data on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been collected in Denmark since 1968 and the process is ongoing. This article explores knowledge created by the system, including how the collected data have been used to monitor the safety of licensed drugs. Nonaka's theory of knowledge creation was used to discriminate ...
Vanholder Raymond - - 2007
The aim of this manuscript is to initiate a constructive discussion about deviations in measured concentrations of uraemic solutes; these deviations, if not perceived or handled appropriately, may lead to incorrect interpretations of the pathophysiological role of uraemic solutes and/or to erroneous therapeutic decisions. To come to an objective approach ...
Avdeef Alex - - 2007
The experimental and computational basis of the pH-dependent measurement of solubility of sparingly-soluble ionizable drugs is reviewed. Recently described compound-sparing (but still accurate) approaches, suitable for application in preclinical development, and appropriate for the analysis of solubility of "problematic" molecules, are critically examined. A number of useful experimental methods are ...
Gauy Juliana Silva - - 2007
This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the spatial distribution of leprosy cases in Ribeirão Preto in 2004. The data collection was performed through compulsory notification records in the Epidemiological Surveillance Service of the Municipal Secretary of Health of Ribeirão Preto. The data were geo-coded through the MapInfo program version 7.8 ...
Ishikawa Tomomoto - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze an unusual reciprocal X-autosome translocation found in an infertile man with azoospermia. DESIGN: Case report with a review of scientific literature. SETTING: Male infertility clinic, Kobe University Hospital. PATIENT(S): Infertile man with azoospermia but otherwise apparently healthy. INTERVENTION(S): Peripheral blood lymphocytes were obtained for karyotyping, and metaphases ...
Labovitz Daniel L - - 2007
Lacunar infarcts (LACs) and deep intracerebral hemorrhages (DICHs) occur in the same structures and may result from the same pathology. It is unclear why one patient has an LAC while another has DICH. We compared LAC to DICH cases derived from a population-based incidence study. In multivariate analysis, LAC cases ...
McCartney W T - - 2007
A retrospective study of 25 cases of sacroiliac separation showed that transilial pinning is an effective method of repair for sacroiliac separations. Only 8% of cases of sacroiliac separation had transilial pinning as the sole surgical intervention as other concomitant minor injuries, such as fractured ischium or pubis, did not ...
Saatcioglu Omer - - 2007
This article deals with the increasing frequency with which herbal preparations are being used in Turkey. The ingredients of herbal preparations are multiple and include a variety of herbal seed and leaf-related components. Thus, it is not possible to pinpoint a specific chemical culprit without careful analysis of each. In ...
Gupta Piyush - - 2007
Indian Pediatrics limited the number of authorship to 5, 4 and 2 for Brief Reports (BR), Case Reports (CR), and Letters to the Editor (LE), respectively from January 2003, to curb gift authorship. To analyze the impact of this policy, a comparative analysis was conducted for years 2002-2004. Mean (SD) ...
Seiffert Erik R - - 2007
This brief review summarizes new paleontological and molecular data that together support a late middle Eocene Afro-Arabian origin for crown Lorisiformes. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that late Eocene Karanisia is a possible stem lorisiform, late Eocene Saharagalago and Wadilemur and Miocene Komba are stem galagids, and early Miocene Mioeuoticus and Progalago ...
Steinhauser Georg - - 2007
Pumice has been used as a serviceable abrasive or religious artefact since antiquity and has therefore been an object of trade. It can be found in excavations of ancient workshops all over the Mediterranean. Pumice lumps from the major pumice-bearing rhyolitic tephra units in Cappadocia-the Central Anatolian Volcanic Province, Turkey ...
Segal, J; 1/12 Gardenvale ...
Objective: The search for an ideal induction agent for use in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been a long one. To date numerous agents have been used and there is little uniformity in clinical practice regarding agent of choice. Recent reports in the literature suggesting the efficacy of the volatile anaesthetic ...
Vincent Charles - - 2006
Claims for malpractice and medical negligence are a potentially important source of information on the causes of harm to patients and have provided valuable lessons in the past. However today, with many additional sources of information and methods of analysis, the role of claims analysis needs to be reappraised. We ...
Accorsi R - - 2006
The expressions for the sensitivity of converging collimators found in the literature diverge at points near the focal locus of the collimator. In this paper, an analytical formula that does not diverge is derived and compared to that available in the literature. An analysis is provided to predict the cases ...
Magee Wendy L - - 2006
PURPOSE: This paper presents a case report of collaborative work between speech and language therapy (SLT) and music therapy (MT) in the case of an individual presenting with complex communication difficulties and lability caused by pseudo-Parkinsonian vascular disease. DESIGN: MT intervention was used to investigate whether participation could be enabled ...
Sopena N - - 2007
The present study compares the risk factors, presentation and outcome of community-acquired Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in 138 sporadic-case patients (1994-2004) and 113 outbreak-case patients (2002) treated in two hospitals in Catalonia (Spain) since urinary antigen assays were adopted. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to compare epidemiological and clinical features, ...
Negri I - - 2006
Zyginidia pullula is a grass-dwelling leafhopper characterized by a bisexual reproduction mode. In this species, some females collected in Northern Italy, when mated with males, gave origin to an exclusively female brood. Here, we demonstrated that in these lineages an infection by a new strain of Wolbachia pipientis-designated as wZygpul-was ...
Bélanger Jacqueline M R - - 2006
The use of microwave-assisted extraction has gained wide acceptance as a powerful tool for the recovery of environmental contaminants and their subsequent analysis. This paper reviews the historical and fundamental basis of the technology. It also provides a cursory review of the current state-of-the-art and literature (2000-2006) in the area ...
Elias Johannes - - 2006
Nosocomial transmission of Neisseria meningitidis has only rarely been reported. Here, we present a significant spatiotemporal association of two cases of invasive meningococcal disease identified by retrospective cluster analysis with the program SaTScan. The most likely epidemiological link was simultaneous hospitalization, resulting in indirect nosocomial transmission.
Seike Hirofumi - - 2006
[structure: see text] The C5-C10 relative stereochemistry of sagittamide A was predicted, with the use of the 3JH,H profiles assembled from the spin-coupling constants reported in the literature. The predicted relative stereochemistry was then confirmed by a total synthesis of two relevant remote diastereomers. The absolute configuration of sagittamide A ...
Boots Denise Paquette - - 2006
This article is a content analysis of news reports of parricide cases occurring worldwide. An extensive search of online databases found coverage of more than 200 cases of children killing parents reported in the news media. Data pertaining to incidents, case-related variables (e.g., weapons used, other charges), and the processing ...
Barrett Ciara - - 2007
The majority of cases of breast cancer scoring HER2 weak positive (2+) on immunohistochemistry (IHC) using the HercepTest are not associated with amplification of the HER2/neu gene. To examine the reproducibility of IHC in cases scoring 2+ subsequently shown to have gene amplification by fluorescence in-situ hybridisation (FISH). A retrospective ...
Ozgur Burak M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cerebellar mutism (CM) is a postoperative complication of mainly pediatric posterior fossa surgery. Multiple theories exist for explaining this phenomenon. We have made an attempt to further understand this entity given a particularly interesting case as it relates to multiple pathophysiologic pathways. METHODS: We have reviewed the details surrounding ...
Martin R D - - 2006
Endocast analysis of the brain Homo floresiensis by Falk et al. (Reports, 8 April 2005, p. 242) implies that the hominid is an insular dwarf derived from H. erectus, but its tiny cranial capacity cannot result from normal dwarfing. Consideration of more appropriate microcephalic syndromes and specimens supports the hypothesis ...
Gallerani M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Several acute diseases exhibit a circannual pattern. The present study was aimed to verify the possible existence of a seasonal variability in the onset of acute appendicitis (AA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases of AA diagnosed at the St Anna Hospital of Ferrara, Italy, from 1998 to 2004, were ...
Nguyen H N - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuromuscular mechanisms regulating esophageal bolus transport are well studied. However, detailed data about the relationship between bolus transit and lower esophageal sphincter (LES)-relaxation during conventional motility testing are still lacking. METHODOLOGY: We performed systematic studies in 25 normal subjects, employing a catheter that integrates the two techniques impedancometry and ...
Ahmed Ahmed A - - 2006
Salvidorol (1), a irregular nor-abietane-type diterpene, was isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia dorrii, in addition to two epimeric abietane diterpenes (2 and 3). This is the first report of a nor-diterpene with an irregular skeleton. The structures were established by high-field NMR techniques ((1)H-(1)H COSY, DEPT, HMQC, HMBC, ...
Kandasamy R - - 2006
Psoas abscess is an uncommon presentation on the acute medical take. However recognition and appropriate treatment is essential. This review is designed to highlight the clinical features, microbiology, diagnostic tests and treatment for this condition. In order to illustrate some of the pitfalls and complexities in the management of psoas ...
Wootten Christopher T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In a minority of patients, primary hyperparathyroidism spontaneously remits either by autoinfarction or by hemorrhage into or around the adenoma. We describe a case of autoparathyroidectomy occurring in a 63-year-old man 9 years after three parathyroid glands were removed during a total thyroidectomy. This case is compared with 50 ...
García-Ruiz Carmen - - 2006
In this review, the main aspects related to the separation of different groups of antibiotics by CE as well as the different applications reported in the literature from the beginning 2003 till May 2005 will be provided to the readers. Firstly, the experimental conditions employed to achieve the analysis of ...
Turnbull John - - 2005
Long-case patient-based examinations previously formed the basis of summative competency testing in physician certification examinations. These exams were found to be unreliable and have fallen from favor. During the authors' deliberation of the long case in the neurology certification examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, ...
Oliver M Norman - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This article describes geographic bias in GIS analyses with unrepresentative data owing to missing geocodes, using as an example a spatial analysis of prostate cancer incidence among whites and African Americans in Virginia, 1990-1999. Statistical tests for clustering were performed and such clusters mapped. The patterns of missing census ...
Yera Hélène - - 2006
We report here a likely case of Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense contracted in France through the consumption of a Pacific salmon imported from Canada. The species diagnosis was made by molecular analysis of two mitochondrial genes (COI & ND3). This case is rather unusual in that D. nihonkaiense has never been reported ...
Leestma Jan E - - 2005
The English-language medical case literature was searched for cases of apparent or alleged child abuse between the years 1969 and 2001. Three-hundred and twenty-four cases that contained detailed individual case information were analyzed yielding 54 cases in which someone was recorded as having admitted, in some fashion, to have shaken ...
Siegel Shepard - - 2005
F. K. McSweeney, E. S. Murphy, and B. P. Kowal present a convincing case that the literature on habituation and sensitization to the sensory properties of conventional reinforcers is relevant to understanding a variety of addictive behaviors. They note that their model has advantages over a number of alternative formulations. ...
Jabs Douglas A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe common errors in the analyses and data presentation of a clinical case series and to suggest simple solutions. DESIGN: Instructional examples. METHODS: Problems with commonly used data analysis and reporting techniques in clinical case series are described using both theoretical examples and those from the literature. RESULTS: ...
Al-Assar O - - 2005
Ideopathic myelofibrosis (IMF) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder resulting in bone marrow fibrosis as a consequence of growth factor release from clonal haematopoiesis. Conventional cytogenetic analysis identifies abnormalities in approximately a third of cases at diagnosis, although rarely uncovers unique, primary genetic events. We have used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) ...
Dzokoto Vivian Afi - - 2005
A small-scale epidemic of genital shrinking occurred in six West African nations between January 1997 and October 2003. This article presents a summary and analysis of 56 media reports of these cases. A clinical formulation of these cases considers a variety of explanations from theory and research in social and ...
Savvopoulos M A - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is to present Greek law and legislation for crimes and felonies regarding drugs of abuse and the interpretation of hair testing results with respect to Greek law. Details (such as the process, the decision and the competence of the Court, the police record, the indictment, ...
Fabre B - - 2005
We report the case of a 42-year-old man with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) and recurrent bilateral nephrolithiasis. Diagnosis of PXE was made by yellow papules on the neck and ophthalmologic angioid streaks. This diagnosis was confirmed by a skin biopsy (Von Kossa stain) and by genotyping analysis of ABCC6 (homozygous mutation ...
Pettey Adam A - - 2005
The presence of sebaceous skin tumors with visceral neoplasms is known as Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS). It is a phenotypic subset of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and is caused by mutations in genes encoding for mismatch repair (MMR) proteins. The presence of a sebaceous gland neoplasm should raise concern for a ...
Huang Hsuan-Ying - - 2005
EWS-FLI1 fusion type, p53 mutation, and homozygous deletion of p16/p14ARF have each been shown to be prognostically significant in Ewing sarcoma (ES). We provide the first combined prognostic analysis of these three molecular parameters in ES. We studied 60 patients with ES (stage: localized in 54, metastatic in six). All ...
Wilson Edward O - - 2005
The identity and origin of the West Indian plague ants of the early sixteenth and late eighteenth centuries have long been a mystery. By reviewing historic accounts with an analysis of the present-day Caribbean ant fauna, I have narrowed the list of suspects to two species and their insect symbionts.
Furukawa Toshi A - - 2005
The principle of intention-to-treat analysis must be strictly applied to both individual randomized controlled trial and meta-analysis but, in doing so, would involve imputation of some missing data. There is little literature on how to perform this in the case of meta-analysis. For dichotomous outcome measures, one possible strategy is ...
Norlander Bradley - - 2005
There has been significant interest in, and controversy about, whether anger and hostility problems are meaningfully related to male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV). In this meta-analytic review, we empirically evaluated whether the constructs of anger and hostility discriminated between IPV perpetrators and nonviolent comparison males. Thirty-three studies reporting data from ...
Loeb E - - 2004
A retrospective analysis of 42 ruminants (sheep, goats and cattle) with suspected meningo-encephalitis was performed. The clinical findings and the post-mortem results of the animals have been specified. Bacteriological culture, Gram's stain and Listeria-specific immunohistochemistry were performed in order to confirm the diagnosis of these cases. The results of the ...
Siqueira J F JF - - 2004
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the bacterial communities associated with asymptomatic and symptomatic endodontic infections and to compare denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) fingerprinting patterns of these two clinical conditions. The root canal microbiota of teeth associated with asymptomatic or symptomatic periradicular lesions was profiled by ...
Hur Chin - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There has been much speculation about the potential impact on the use of conventional colonoscopy if "virtual" computed tomographic colonography (CTC) became a widely accepted modality for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, no formal analysis of the impact of CTC on colonoscopy demand has been reported. METHODS: ...
Chang Tung-Ming - - 2004
This report describes a child having the syndrome of overlapping phenotypic features of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome (MNGIE). Mitochondrial DNA analysis revealed a point mutation at position A3243G, whereas activity of thymidine phosphorylase and its corresponding gene analysis were normal. ...
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