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Wakil Susan M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to present a unique case of unilateral facial nerve palsy as an isolated complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus. An 82-year-old immunocompetent male presented with a 1-week history of painful left scalp lesions. The diagnosis of left herpes zoster ophthalmicus with associated keratoconjunctivitis was established. ...
Colmenero Juan D - - 2012
Miliary tuberculosis after intravesical Calmette-Guerin bacilli (BCG) therapy is rare. To date, only 23 cases have been reported. We describe the case of a patient on hemodialysis, review the literature, and call attention to the potential hazard of intravesical BCG therapy in patients on renal replacement therapy and the value ...
Serrani Azcurra Daniel J L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety of lamotrigine rechallenge after a first episode of skin rash in bipolar patients. METHOD: An open cases prospective study was conducted with patients who, developed a skin rash when first treated with lamotrigine, were refractory to other treatments, and were offered lamotrigine rechallenge using a ...
O'Dwyer J P - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracranial haemorrhage in neurosarcoidosis (NS-ICH) is rare, poorly understood and the diagnosis of NS may not be immediately apparent. METHODS: The clinical features of three new NS-ICH cases are described including new neuropathological findings and collated with cases from a systematic literature review. RESULTS: Cases: (i) A ...
Grover Sandeep - - 2012
ABSTRACT: There is limited literature on the use of electroconvulsive therapy in patient with congenital heart defect. We present a case of a 24-year-old woman with diagnosis of persistent delusion disorder with depression and congenital heart defect of ostium secundum type treated successfully with a course of electroconvulsive therapies.
Yanofsky Valerie R - - 2012
External genital warts, also known as condylomata acuminata, are extremely common, with between 500,000 to one million new cases diagnosed each year in the United States alone. To date, more than 120 distinct subtypes of human papillomavirus have been identified. Human papillomavirus types 6 and 11 rarely give rise to ...
Ali Nasir - - 2012
The standard of care for locally advanced carcinoma of uterine cervix is concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by intracavitary brachytherapy, when there is para-aortic lymphadenopathy, radiation field needs to be extended to para-aortic region. In the latter case dose limiting organs are spinal cord, kidneys and small intestine. We present a ...
Bakhshi Girish D GD Departments of Surgery, Grant Medical College & Sir J J Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, - - 2012
Syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum is a rare form of adenocarcinoma of the skin. It is the malignant counterpart of syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP). It usually develops on the scalp in a long-standing lesion identified clinically as SCAP. Twelve cases of syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum have been reported in literature, with limited information regarding its clinical ...
Peuvrel L - - 2012
Temsirolimus belongs to the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, targeted therapies for which indications are booming in oncology. While their tolerance is usually good, mucocutaneous toxicity is the most common, including stomatitis, rashes, edemas, pruritus, dry skin and nail disorders. The latter are common in clinical practice but have ...
Al-Jamali Jamil - - 2012
Gorham disease is a very rare condition associated with spontaneous destruction and resorption of 1 or more bones anywhere in the body. Many authors have suggested and/or implicated trauma as the initiating factor in the majority of the reported cases. It can affect almost all bones, and a combination of ...
Yamashita Hiroyuki - - 2012
We report a case of dermatomyositis (DM) and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) complicated by central nervous system (CNS) lesions and review eight literature cases of DM and HLH. A 17-year-old woman, admitted to our hospital because of severe muscle weakness and high fever, was diagnosed with DM based on elevated serum ...
Grazzi Licia - - 2012
Migraine and tension-type headache are common clinical problems, occurring even at a young age. When patients report headache as a symptom, it is necessary to exclude a secondary headache induced by an organic disease. Proper diagnosis and management of headache depends on a thorough history review and comprehensive clinical examination. ...
Ferlisi Monica - - 2012
In a previous paper, we reviewed the range of therapies available for the treatment of super-refractory status epilepticus. Here we report a review of the outcome of therapies in refractory and super-refractory status epilepticus. Patients (n = 1168) are reported who had therapy with: thiopental, pentobarbital, midazolam, propofol, ketamine, inhalational anaesthetics (isoflurane, ...
Quilter Laura A S - - 2012
This report describes clinical manifestations of histoplasmosis in 6 month old dizygotic twins, one of whom developed disseminated histoplasmosis of infancy while his sibling remained well, but developed serologic evidence of histoplasmosis. The report also documents histoplasma antigen concentrations in serum and urine before, during, and after completing antifungal therapy.
Chakravarty Soumya D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To report a rare case of sarcoidosis induced by chronic interferon-beta (a type I interferon) therapy of multiple sclerosis and to review previously reported cases. METHODS: We describe a patient with a prior diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, who developed noncaseating granulomas in her skin and pulmonary lymph nodes, consistent ...
Shihada Rabia - - 2012
A concha bullosa is a common anatomic variant that represents an aerated turbinate, usually the middle turbinate. It is usually asymptomatic. When extensively pneumatized, a large concha bullosa may cause significant problems, including headache, nasal obstruction, and blockage of sinus drainage. We report a case of a large concha bullosa ...
Tahasildar Naveen - - 2012
Though osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumour, their spinal involvement is less frequent. We report a case of osteochondroma in a 5-year-old female child with multiple hereditary exostoses that originated from posterior elements of C2 vertebra, not involving spinal canal and caused restriction of neck movement. It was ...
Singh A K - - 2012
There have been numerous alternatives developed to replace skin. These can either be permanent substitutes or temporary substitutes, which need to be replaced later by autologous grafts. These have been tried in recent times as an attempt to reduce the need or in the case of permanent substitutes ,altogether replace ...
Subramaniam Ponnusamy P Dementia Services Development Centre Wales, Bangor University, 45 College Road, Bangor LL57 2DG, - - 2012
This systematic review aims to review the potential psychosocial benefits of individual reminiscence therapy for people with dementia. Five randomized controlled trials were identified. All were carried out in nursing or care homes, and several different approaches were represented. The studies reported some immediate and longer-term psychosocial benefits to people ...
Gururajaprasad C - - 2012
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis is a rare disorder characterised by multiple calcified nodules on the scrotal skin appearing in childhood or early adulthood. The exact aetiology is not known and calcium level in the blood remains normal in all individuals. Since only a few cases have been reported in the literature, ...
Teraishi Toshiya - - 2012
Accumulating clinical knowledge indicates that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be used in patients with stable and small brain tumors without any sign of increasing intracranial pressure as long as the risks have been appropriately evaluated. However, there are no clear and detailed clinical guidelines for the application of ECT in ...
Magon Navneet - - 2012
Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) is a life-threatening obstetric complication and the leading cause of maternal death. The usual manner for its management includes, first, noninvasive and nonsurgical methods, and, then invasive and surgical methods. However, mortality and morbidity related to PPH still remains unacceptably high, contributing to hysterectomy in at least ...
Wang Ui Suk - - 2012
Simultaneous intracranial and spinal subdural hematomas are extremely rare. In most cases, they are attributed to major or minor trauma and iatrogenic causes, such as those resulting from spinal puncture. To the best of the authors' knowledge, there has been only two reports of spontaneous concomitant intracranial and spinal subdural ...
Do Paul - - 2012
Plastic bronchitis is the occlusion of the major bronchial airways by a firm, gelatinous mucoid cast. It is a rare condition, which while classically described in asthma and sickle cell disease has greater mortality in patients with congenital heart disease. The management of this disease is obscure given the lack ...
Whitaker Iain S - - 2012
Background: Although there are numerous case reports and small case series describing the experiences of leech therapy in various circumstances, there are relatively few large studies evaluating the effectiveness of leeching to relieve venous congestion. The therapeutic value of leeching is illustrated by these reports but the current literature lacks ...
Prodduturi Prathima - - 2012
Nilotinib is a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor of breakpoint cluster region-abelson (BCR-ABL), which has been approved as front-line therapy for newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase and as second-line therapy after imatinib failure in chronic or accelerated phase chronic myeloid leukemia. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been associated with ...
Wang Ting-Shun - - 2012
Abstract Localized resistant plaques of psoriasis often remain despite highly effective anti-psoriasis treatment. Intralesional therapy is often used to treat various malignant, infectious or inflammatory cutaneous diseases, including psoriasis. Despite the presence of many review articles on the treatment of psoriasis, no articles exist which review the use of intralesional ...
Arbaizar Beatriz - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is especially necessary to revert some types of depressive disease; nevertheless, it has some widely recognized adverse effects, such as short-term memory loss. Moreover, some articles have reported its potential association with falls; this literature is, however, scanty and mainly consists of case reports.We present the ...
Ciftci Halil - - 2012
Fournier's gangrene is a rare disease with rapidly progressive necrotising fasciitis of the genital, perineal and perianal regions and is known to have an impact in the morbidity and the mortality. Despite antibiotics and aggressive debridement, mortality rate is still high. We present a 79-year-old man who was admitted to ...
Feldman J L - - 2012
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) therapy is an effective modality to reduce the volume of the lymphedematous limbs alone or in conjunction with other modalities of therapy such as decongestive therapy. However, there is no consensus on the frequency or treatment parameters for IPC devices. We undertook a systematic review of ...
Maruyama Akihito - - 2013
We herein report the findings of 2 cases of normotensive scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) that developed soon after the commencement of a glucocorticoid therapy. We also review 8 cases of normotensive SRC reported in Japan, including our cases. The common characteristics of these 8 cases are as follows: the recent ...
Moura Lídia Maria Veras Rocha de LM Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. - - 2012
Hemicrania Continua (HC) is a primary, disabling headache characterized by a continuous unilateral pain and responsive to indomethacin. There are symptoms common to the trigeminal-autonomic cephalalgias and migraine that complicate the diagnosis. This review aims to describe HC in a case series and review the best available evidence on alternative ...
Sebastian Shaji - - 2012
Transient neutropenia is reported in some patients on biologic therapy. We report two cases of severe neutropenia in patients with Crohn`s disease following treatment with anti-TNF therapy. In both cases neutrophil specific granulocyte autoantibodies were detected during period of neutropenia and disappeared on cessation of anti-TNF therapy. These may indicate ...
Duman Berna Bozkurt - - 2012
Abstract: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal stem cell disorder and imatinib is a small molecule inhibitor of Bcr Abl tyrosine kinase (TK) used in cases with CML. Immediate and short term side effects of this tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) are well-known but the long term side effects have ...
El Dib Regina - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (systematic review). Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The oncological success of partial nephrectomy in the treatment of small renal masses is well established. However, partial nephrectomy has largely supplanted the radical approach. In the last decade, ...
Fritz Stacy L - - 2012
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a rehabilitative strategy applied primarily to the post-stroke population to increase the functional use of the neurologically weaker upper extremity through massed practice, while restraining the lesser involved upper extremity. Although recent Cochrane reviews have reported success with CIMT, this therapeutic technique is difficult to ...
Game F L - - 2012
The outcome of management of diabetic foot ulcers is poor, and there is continuing uncertainty concerning optimal approaches to management. It was for these reasons that in 2006 the International Working Group of the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF) working group on wound healing undertook a systematic review of the evidence to ...
Jacobs Howard - - 2012
In this review we describe the epidemiology, classification, and approach to the diagnosis and treatment of episodic and chronic migraine in children. We review both traditional and alternative medications, and offer a glimpse into the future of pediatric headache.
Cohen Ronny A - - 2012
Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse effect of heparin therapy with possibly devastating consequences. We present a case of HIT Type II. An in-depth review of HIT is presented, examining the important clinical symptoms and diagnostic indicators. The treatment of HIT is then discussed, with an emphasis on current ...
Singal Rikki - - 2012
Traumatic abdominal wall hernia is a rare entity, and an uncommon type of abdominal wall hernia as far as the etiology is concerned. It is caused by blunt trauma and disrupts the fascial layers, but does not disrupt the elastic skin. In this study, we report the case of a ...
George N A - - 2012
We are reporting a case of multiple ancient schwannoma of the accessory nerve in a 57 year old male. Accessory schwannomas are rare with only 19 cases reported in literature so far. Ancient schwannoma is even rarer in the head and neck region with no other cases associated with the ...
Gille Theresa M - - 2012
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin (LELCS) is a rare cutaneous neoplasm microscopically similar to undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. It is typically nonaggressive and is treated with wide local excision. However, we present a case of a patient with a regional recurrence and more aggressive LELCS with perineural invasion and positive margins ...
Wang Etienne Ce - - 2012
Extra-mammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare intra-epithelial carcinoma that is usually found on the apocrine-rich skin of the perineum. We report 2 cases in which EMPD was initially misdiagnosed on the initial punch biopsy as melanoma-in-situ and Bowen disease respectively. Reasons for the misdiagnoses included a rare pigmented axillary ...
Arsenovic Nebojsa - - 2012
Hamartomas are benign malformations composed of tissue elements normally found at that site, but which are growing in a disorganized fashion. Cutaneous hamartomas containing only neural and/or neurovascular elements are very rare, with very few case reports in the literature. Herein we describe a case of congenital neural angiomatous hamartoma ...
Papakonstantinou E - - 2012
Endometriosis is a multifactorial disease with unclear pathogenesis. Urinary tract endometriosis occurs in about 1% of all endometriotic lesions while isolated ureteral endometriosis is extremely rare. We present a case of intrinsic ureteral endometriosis causing ureteral stenosis in a 40-year's old woman, in combination with intestinal, extensive peritoneal and ovarian ...
López Verónica - - 2012
Alopecia after head and neck radiotherapy has been extensively reported in the literature. However, alopecia after endovascular procedures is seldom reported in the dermatological literature. Prolonged fluoroscopic imaging during these procedures may cause serious radiation injuries to the skin, such as dermatitis or alopecia. Radiation-induced temporary alopecia is a peculiar ...
Ruaro B - - 2012
Osteopoikilosis (OPK) is a rare autosomal dominant bone disorder characterized by numerous hyperostotic areas that tend to localize in periarticular osseous regions. It is usually asymptomatic and is often diagnosed incidentally during X-rays. OPK may be an isolated finding or associated with other pathologies, e.g. skin manifestations, rheumatic and/or skeletal ...
Irisawa Ryokichi - - 2012
Porokeratosis plantaris palmaris et disseminata (PPPD) is a quite rare variant of porokeratosis. We report a 56-year-old male patient. He first noted brownish, asymptomatic, annular macules scattered on the trunk and extremities at about age 31 and these skin lesions, continued to increase in number. Ten years prior to presentation, ...
Elzouki Abdel-Naser - - 2012
Here we present a case of a 38-year-old Indian man with a history of extramarital relationships who presented with pleurisy, skin rash, and radiological findings of pleural effusion. After thorough investigation of the etiology of his acute illness, he was found to be positive for syphilis. Review of literature revealed ...
Grigoriadis C - - 2012
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) has been commonly used for the medical treatment of prostate cancer, precocious puberty, endometriosis, adenomyosis and uterine leiomyomas. GnRHa therapy in cases of symptomatic uterine leiomyomas aims for the reduction of their size and remission of symptoms such as menometrorrhagia, causing a state of hypoestrogenemia. This ...
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