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Mahmoud Mohamad S MS Department of minimally Invasive Gynecology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, 1000 10th Ave, New York, NY, 10019, USA, - - 2014
Uterine leiomyomas affect 20-30 % of women 35 years and older. Extrauterine leiomyomas are rare and present a greater diagnostic challenge. Those unusual growth patterns occur more often in women of reproductive age with a history of hysterectomy or surgery for uterine leiomyomas. They have been reported in the literature in case ...
Hagiya Hideharu H Department of General Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan; Emergency Unit and Critical Care Center, Tsuyama Central Hospital, Okayama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Campylobacter spp. usually causes gastrointestinal infections, but among them, Campylobacter fetus is a well-known organism of mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm (MAAA), which requires proper surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy. We report a case of a 65-year-old Japanese man who was successfully treated with an in situ operation using a rifampicin ...
Wu Ming-Ling ML Division of Clinical Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
Severe electrolyte disturbances caused by fish poisoning are rarely reported in the literature. We present an unusual outbreak of palytoxin poisoning associated with the consumption of Goldspot herring (Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus). Four family members became ill after eating 2 species of marine fish. The presenting symptoms and signs included bitter taste, ...
Banerjee Christopher C Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA, - - 2014
Pituitary tumor apoplexy (PTA) is a potentially fatal condition caused by hemorrhage and rapid expansion of a pituitary tumor. One rare consequence of PTA is occlusion of the intracavernous carotid arteries, very rarely leading to cerebral infarction. To describe a case of PTA leading to bilateral cerebral infarction and provide ...
Pei Zengyang - - 2014
Methamphetamine abuse has undergone a dramatic worldwide increase, and represents a significant and global issue for public health. Incidents of methamphetamine intoxication and death in humans are relatively commonplace. Because of its increasing illicit availability, together with legitimate use in human medicine, accidental or intentional exposure to methamphetamine in dogs ...
Kamour Ashraf A National Poisons Information Service, Newcastle Unit, Wolfson Unit, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) increases energy consumption by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. Although not licensed as a medicine, it is sometimes used by 'body sculptors' and for weight loss as a 'fat burning' agent. This research was performed to characterise patterns of presentation, clinical features and outcomes of patients reported to the National ...
Werthel J-D JD Hand Surgery Unit, Georges-Pompidou European Hospital (HEGP), Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Paris V, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The acute isolated distal radio-ulnar (DRU) dislocation is a rare traumatic pathology and no consensus concerning its management has been established. This case report describes an acute isolated volar DRU dislocation in a 26-year-old patient. The authors propose, based on this case and after an exhaustive review of the literature, ...
Bhoelan B S BS Participant in the Honours Program CRU2006 Bachelor, University Medical Center Utrecht , Utrecht , The - - 2014
Introduction. Barium is a stable divalent earth metal and highly toxic upon acute and chronic exposure. Barium is present in many products and involved in a number of industrial processes. Barium targets the potassium inward rectifier channels (IRCs) of the KCNJx gene family. Extracellular barium enters and strongly binds the ...
Cuello Juan Pablo JP *Department of Neurology, Division of Neurocritical Care †Stroke, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, - - 2014
Fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) is an uncommon cause of myelopathy that should be considered after more common causes have been ruled out. This article presents a case report of a 50-year-old man with acute myelopathy attributed to fibrocartilaginous embolism and summarizes the clinical features of the disease by analyzing all of ...
Brandler Tamar C TC Department of Pathology, Hofstra North-Shore LIJ School of Medicine; Lake Success, New - - 2014
Myelolipomas are benign tumors containing adipose tissue and hematopoeitic elements which occur most commonly in the adrenal glands. Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are uncommon with few cases of renal and perirenal myelolipomas in the literature. These cases may be difficult to diagnose based on radiology alone and intraoperative diagnosis can be extremely ...
Cotter Mb M Centre for Colorectal Disease, St. Vincent's University Hospital & School of Medicine and Medical Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Debate exists as to whether the traditional three-tiered grading of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) should be replaced by a more reproducible two-tiered system. In this study, we review our experience with AIN to determine the most suitable classification system. We performed a retrospective review of all histological reports over a ...
Kiran D N DN Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, - - 2014
Gunshot injuries are rather serious but uncommon type of trauma in India. A 45-year-old male was presented with gunshot (pellets) embedded in the maxillofacial area for 22 years. There is no consensus in the literature whether to attempt their removal or leave them in situ. Our patient had no long-term ...
Kostic Mark A MA *Associate Medical Director, Wisconsin Poison Center and †Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine (Kostic); Professor of Pediatric Emergency Medicine (Gorelick), Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been used widely for the treatment of poisoning due to local anesthetic agent and is increasingly reported as a therapy for other forms of poisoning. This article will review the proposed mechanisms of action for ILE in poisoning and the evidence from animal studies and ...
Holding Gc G University Hospital, Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, - - 2014
Stillbirth incidence is 1 in 200 births. 2.6 million 3(rd) trimester stillbirths occur worldwide every year. Parents should be offered full post-mortem (PM) examination to elicit the cause of the stillbirth. PM provides more information than other less invasive investigations which could be crucial to future pregnancy management.(1) AIM: To ...
Lavergne Valéry V Department of Medical Biology, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
A literature review performed by the EXtracorporeal TReatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup highlighted deficiencies in the existing literature, especially the reporting of case studies. Although general reporting guidelines exist for case studies, there are none in the specific field of extracorporeal treatments in toxicology. Our goal was to construct and ...
Wataganara Tuangsit T 1 Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital , Bangkok, Thailand - - 2014
Abstract Background: Retroperitoneal infection can be lethal. Optimal management is still elusive to describe because of the small number of case reports. We presented here a case of retroperitoneal abscess caused by Clostridium difficile arising in the puerperal period. Methods: Case report and review of recent English-language literature. Results: The ...
Kuyumdzhiev Smilen S Department of Vascular - - 2014
Compression of the brachial plexus causing neurogenic symptoms is involved in the majority of cases referred to vascular surgeons for consideration of treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). The causative factor of the compression can be difficult to diagnose with multiple pathologies implicated. We present two rare cases of supraclavicular ...
Higny Julien - - 2014
Bluish vomiting is a symptom of poisoning that is rarely seen in Western emergency departments. Consequently, physicians are not aware of the diagnosis, complications, and treatment of this unusual form of intoxication. In this article, we report a case of bluish vomiting that occurred after an accidental ingestion of copper ...
Joslin Jeremy D JD Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, NY (Drs Joslin, Marraffa, and Mularella). Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the incidence of reported venomous snakebites in the state of New York between 2000 and 2010. Data were collected retrospectively from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) and then reviewed for species identification and clinical outcome while using proxy measures to determine incidence of envenomation. From ...
Mardini Joelle J Department of Nephrology, Verdun Hospital, University of Montreal, Verdun, Quebec, - - 2014
There are currently limited data on the trends in case reporting of poisoned patients undergoing enhanced elimination with an extracorporeal treatment (ECTR). The present manuscript specifically reviews the longitudinal trends of reports according to technique, poison, and country of publication. To identify case reports of ECTR use in the management ...
Bueno Palomino Antonio A Department of Radiology, Santa Bárbara Hospital, Puertollano, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a very rare entity that is usually asymptomatic and hence difficult to diagnose. However, cases of sudden death have been reported in patients with partial pericardial defects (even asymptomatic ones), and such patients require surgical treatment. We report the case of a 17-year-old patient ...
Kim Yang Jae YJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Busan Saint Mary's Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Aplasia or hypoplasia of the epiglottis in an adult is rarely reported congenital anomaly of the larynx. Most patients with epiglottic aplasia have presented fatal symptom of respiratory distress and severe aspiration in infancy or childhood. We present a case of congenital absence of the epiglottis found in a 33-year-old ...
Shenjere Patrick P 1Department of Histopathology, The Christie Hospital, Manchester, - - 2014
We describe 2 new cases of malignant melanoma with divergent rhabdomyoblastic differentiation occurring in adult patients. The patients were women aged 67 and 51 years with primary cutaneous and uterine cervical melanoma, respectively. Rhabdomyoblastic differentiation in melanoma is very rare in adult patients, and to our knowledge, only 7 such ...
Gauthier S S Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
News items reporting self-immolation by Tibetans have been on the increase in recent years. After examining the corpse of a Swiss man who had committed suicide by deliberate self-burning, we wondered how often this occurs in Switzerland. The Federal Statistics Office (FSO) does not register self-burning specifically so no official ...
Menezes Ritesh G RG From the *Forensic Medicine Division, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; †Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR; ‡Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, and §Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India; ∥Department ofOtorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, and ¶Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India; and #Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, - - 2014
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is an uncommon but life-threatening sequel of prolonged use of a cuffed tracheostomy tube. We describe a patient who developed a TEF after a tracheostomy done for management of head injury due to a road traffic mishap. The patient subsequently died of sepsis after bilateral bronchopneumonia. To ...
Aesch Bruno B From the *CHRU de Tours, Institut Médico-Légal; and †CHRU de Tours, Service de Neurochirurgie, Tours; ‡Résidence Le Vauban, Nevers; and §Inserm U930, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Tours, - - 2014
Investigation of deaths caused by penetrating gunshot wounds to the head often raises the possibility of foul play. The forensic pathologist may be asked if the victim was able to perform certain acts after the gunshot, and how quickly this person might have become incapacitated. The possibility of a suicidal ...
Bandyopadhyay S N SN Department of ENT, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, West Bengal, - - 2014
Objective: This study presents the incidence of denture impaction in the oesophagus, and discusses the difficulties of managing such cases. Method: A total of 262 patients with a history of foreign body ingestion (between 1999 and 2010) were reviewed; 46 of these patients had dentures impacted in the oesophagus. Results: ...
Yates Christopher C Emergency Department and Clinical Toxicology Unit, Hospital Universitari Son Espases, Mallorca, - - 2014
The Extracorporeal Treatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was formed to provide recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatments (ECTR) in poisoning. Here, the workgroup presents its results for tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). After an extensive literature search, using a predefined methodology, the subgroup responsible for this poison reviewed the articles, extracted ...
Barash Jed A JA Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, New Haven, CT; Department of Neurology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Haven, CT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a transmissible disorder that is monitored by public health authorities at the state and national levels in the United States. Little is known about the current accuracy and concurrence of CJD diagnoses across national and state sources of surveillance data. Using multiple sources, including the National ...
Tedla Miroslav M University ENT Department, Medical School of Comenius University and University Hospital Bratislava, Slovakia; ENT Department, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, University of Warwick, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a benign lesion of a vascular origin that is caused by excessive proliferation of endothelial cells in blood vessels or vascular malformations. It is a rare entity that can present in any region of the body, but with particular predilection to the head and ...
Johnson T T Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson University, Philadelphia , PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract In the United States, 5.5 million people over the age of 40 meet criteria for visual impairment (VI). They often suffer significant psychosocial and health consequences, including reduced quality of life and depression, which can be persistent and difficult to treat. Additionally, VI may increase the risk of suicide. ...
Indorato Francesca F Laboratory of Forensic Toxicology, Section of Legal Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Biology and Genetics, Legal Medicine, Neurosciences, Diagnostic Pathology, Hygiene and Public Health, "GF Ingrassia", University of Catania, Via S. Sofia, 87, Comparto 10, 95123, Catania, Italy, - - 2014
Deaths after ingestion of hydrogen peroxide (HP) are very rare, but poisoning due to consumption of HP is not uncommon. Most HP exposure involves common household-strength (3 %) HP and is usually benign. Even if it is not generally considered to be a poison, it can cause accidental death. HP results ...
Filler Guido G University of Western Ontario, Children's Hospital, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, London Health Sciences Centre, Department of Paediatrics , 800 Commissioners Road East, London, ON N6A 5W9 , - - 2014
Introduction: To discuss the significance of the recent observational case series from the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre (STIC). Mycophenolic acid (MPA) and its prodrug mycophenolate mofetil are immunosuppressive agents that are frequently prescribed in renal transplant recipients, and their safety profiles must be established. Areas covered: This case series and ...
Ghermandi R R Department of Oncological and Degenerative Spine Surgery, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna, Italy. - - 2014
Familial dysautomonia (FD, or Riley-Day syndrome) is a rare but fatal autosomal recessive peripheral neuropathy caused by a point mutation in I-κ-B kinase complex associated protein (IKBCAP) gene. The disease, that affects primarily people of Ashkenazi Jewish origin, prejudices the development of primary sensory neurons determining depletion of autonomic and ...
Begum Jasmina J Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mahatama Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute , Puducherry, India - - 2014
Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of global maternal mortality and morbidity, accounting for 25-30% of all maternal deaths, and 75-90% of these casualties result from uterine atony. Uterine compressive sutures are a well established measure for control of haemorrhage following atonic postpartum haemorrhage, when medical and nonmedical interventions fail. ...
Melez Ipek Esen IE Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Vatan Caddesi, 34093, Fatih, İstanbul, - - 2014
Homicide-suicide is a tragic phenomenon which typically does not result in a criminal charge or trial. However, correct diagnosis and classification of homicide-suicide cases are important to determine the perpetrators and dynamics of each category properly. The deaths in the homicide-suicide acts can be divided into two categories with respect ...
Ceschi Alessandro A Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich , Freiestrasse 16, CH-8032 Zurich , Switzerland +41 44 634 1034 ; +41 44 252 8833 ; - - 2014
Background: Literature regarding acute human toxicity of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) is limited. Objectives: Our objectives were to describe all cases of overdose with MMF or EC-MPS reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre (STIC) or in the literature between 1995 and 2013. Therefore, we performed ...
Behera C C All India Institute of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Filicide-suicide is a special category of homicide-suicide event where the victim(s) are children and the perpetrator is one of the parents or both. It is not extensively documented or adequately defined in literature. In developed countries, shooting is a common method of homicide and suicide. Uses of knives, blunt objects, ...
Hosseini Marzieh M Department of Pathology Lab, Fars Legal Medicine Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Thrombosis is caused by abnormalities in the composition of the blood, the quality of the vessel wall, and the nature of the blood flow. Herein, we present four cases of fatal thrombus formation after a trauma, which were missed at clinical diagnosis as the symptoms were misinterpreted. We stress that ...
Francis Joshua R JR Paediatric Infection Management - - 2014
Human infection with Australian Bat Lyssavirus is extremely rare and has not previously been reported in a child. We describe a fatal case of Australian Bat Lyssavirus in an 8-year-old child, and review the literature pertaining to the diagnosis and management of lyssavirus infection with consideration of its applicability to ...
Darracq M A MA Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program , Fresno, CA , - - 2014
Abstract Background. The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and linagliptin are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Given the limited published information regarding human overdoses to these medications, our goal was to characterize such exposures. Methods. A state poison system database ...
Romero Juan Pablo JP Department of Neurology University Hospital "12 de Octubre", Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to assess the extent to which dementia is omitted as a cause of death from the death certificates of patients with dementia. A systematic literature search was performed to identify population-based cohort studies in which all participants were examined or screened for symptoms of ...
Russell Robert R Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
Review of adverse outcomes is an essential element of healthcare governance. For each operational death, the post-mortem is attended by a member of Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine and the case is assessed by a Mortality Peer Review Panel comprised of Defence Professors and other clinical and technical experts. ...
Wang David Chenhan DC Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To determine the incidence of temporal lobe dysplasia (TLD) detected on prenatal ultrasound in thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) over an 11-year period in a tertiary referral centre. An 11-year retrospective review of perinatal autopsies was performed from 2002 to 2013 to identify cases of TD. The ultrasound images and corresponding reports ...
Russell Jason L JL The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA, - - 2014
DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and linagliptin) are approved for the treatment of diabetes. They are considered safe due to their hyperglycemia dependent mechanism of action. We examined all isolated exposures to DPP-4 inhibitors reported to the National Poison Database System since 2006 to determine if significant toxicity occurs after exposure ...
Isabelle Le Blanc-Louvry LB Department of Forensic Medicine, Rouen University Hospital-Charles Nicolle, 1 rue de Germont, 76031, Rouen-Cedex, - - 2014
Lethal occurrence is exceptional after disopyramide or mianserin poisoning. A case of intentional lethal intoxication with these drugs was reported, as well as a review of the literature. Pre- and postmortem blood concentrations of disopyramide or mianserin were assessed in a woman who died from acute cardiac failure after ingestion. ...
Jin Jin-Lan JL 1 Central Intensive Care Unit, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Jinan University/Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Guangzhou 510220, China ; 2 The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, - - 2014
This report was about a 22-year-old male patient who died from acute and severe septicemic melioidosis. He was initially misdiagnosed as having pneumonia in a local hospital in Hainan but transferred to Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital after ineffective treatment and detection of Burkholderia pseudomallei in his blood sample. Unfortunately, right ...
Ahmad Maleeha M Department of Neurosurgical, The General Infirmary at Leeds , Leeds , - - 2014
We describe the unique case of a 58-year-old woman who presented with right leg radiculopathy caused by an ovarian cyst mimicking lumbar pathology. A review of the literature shows that this is a rare case where a histologically confirmed benign ovarian cystadenoma (of indeterminate type) is shown to cause foot ...
Gioia Sara S From the Section of Legal Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
We present a peculiar autopsy case of a transorbital penetrating head injury, in a male worker, after an accidental fall onto a screw not completely stuck into a wooden board.A 13-cm screw entered the cranium 9.5 cm deep, penetrating with the flat end, a condition defined in literature as "reverse ...
Barbato Vincenzo A VA Palmetto General Hospital/Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine Internal Medicine Residency Program, 2001 West 68 Street, Building #7100; Suite #202, Hialeah, Florida, - - 2014
The case refers to a 73 year old female who presented with splenic infarctions. This was found to be secondary to a floating thrombus in the ascending aorta. There have only been a few cases in literature describing an aortic thrombus without a coagulopathy. After searching the literature we believe ...
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