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Peltopuro Minna - - 2014
Abstract The literature related to people with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) was systematically reviewed in order to summarize the present knowledge. Database searches yielded 1,726 citations, and 49 studies were included in the review. People with BIF face a variety of hardships in life, including neurocognitive, social, and mental health ...
Siddiqi S S General Medicine, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, and King's Health Partners , London , - - 2014
Introduction. 1-Cyclohexyl-4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine (MT-45) is a novel psychoactive substance available over the Internet. MT-45 is an opioid-like compound. This study provides an overview of availability, use and desired and unwanted effects of MT-45 through triangulation of available data sources. Methods. Searches of the published scientific literature and 'grey' information sources, using ...
Kwon Yoojin - - 2014
The purpose of our study is to determine the value and efficacy of searching biomedical databases beyond MEDLINE for systematic reviews. We analyzed the results from a systematic review conducted by the authors and others on ward closure as an infection control practice. Ovid MEDLINE including In-Process & Other Non-Indexed ...
Carli Alberto A McGill University, Montreal - - - 2014
Corrosion of the head-neck junction of the femoral component in total hip arthroplasty has been associated with symptomatic adverse local tissue reactions, trunion fracture and elevated serum metal ions. An analysis of risk factors and treatment strategies for corrosion at this interface is lacking in the literature. We therefore performed ...
Jansen Fenna A R FA Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Fetal Medicine, Leiden, the - - 2014
Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique that is able to detect the presence of copy number variants (CNVs) within the genome. The detection rate of imbalances of aCGH compared to the standard karyotype and FISH 22q11 in the setting of prenatally diagnosed cardiac malformations has been ...
Pandit J J JJ Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, - - 2014
Accidental awareness during general anaesthesia with recall is a potentially distressing complication of general anaesthesia that can lead to psychological harm. The 5th National Audit Project was designed to investigate the reported incidence, predisposing factors, causality and impact of accidental awareness. A nationwide network of local co-ordinators across all UK ...
Carlson Lucas C LC Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Experience indicates that the frequency and impact of petroleum pipeline fires and explosions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is presently under-represented in the academic literature. Using adapted PRISMA guidelines, the authors reviewed both PubMed and the LexisNexis Academic news database, which includes periodicals, news transcripts and online reports. Country-by-country searches were ...
Jasiak Natalia M NM University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, Ann Arbor, MI, USA - - 2014
To review QT prolongation potential with newer nonselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (non-SSRI) antidepressants. A PubMed literature search was performed from 1982 through June 16, 2014. Search terms included bupropion, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, levomilnacipran, mirtazapine, venlafaxine, and vilazodone in combination with each of the following terms: cardiac toxicity, QTc prolongation, QT prolongation, ...
Pandit J J JJ Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK - - 2014
Accidental awareness during general anaesthesia (AAGA) with recall is a potentially distressing complication of general anaesthesia that can lead to psychological harm. The 5th National Audit Project (NAP5) was designed to investigate the reported incidence, predisposing factors, causality, and impact of accidental awareness. A nationwide network of local co-ordinators across ...
Brook Olga R OR From the Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 1 Deaconess Rd, Boston, MA - - 2014
Purpose To assess the complementary natures of (a) a peer review (PR)-mandated database for physician review and discrepancy reporting and (b) a voluntary quality assurance (QA) system for anecdotal reporting. Materials and Methods This study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant; informed consent was waived. Submissions to voluntary ...
Rominski Sarah D - - 2014
The Government of Ghana has taken important steps to mitigate the impact of unsafe abortion. However, the expected decline in maternal deaths is yet to be realized. This literature review aims to present findings from empirical research directly related to abortion provision in Ghana and identify gaps for future research. ...
Virgone Calogero C Department of Paediatric and Neonatal Surgery, St. George's Healthcare NHS Trust and University of - - 2014
The accuracy of prenatal ultrasound in detecting jejunal and ileal atresia has been reported in the literature to be extremely variable (25-90%). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound in detecting non-duodenal small bowel atresia (ND-SBA). MEDLINE, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library including ...
St John Kenneth R KR Department of Biomedical Materials Science, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216-4505. Electronic address: - - 2014
The spine contains intervertebral discs and the Interspinous and longitudinal ligaments. These structures are elastomeric or viscoelastic in their mechanical properties and serve to allow and control the movement of the bony elements of the spine. The use of metallic or hard polymeric devices to replace the intervertebral discs and ...
Gosselin S S Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical Toxicology Service, McGill University Health Centre, McGill University , Montréal, QC , - - 2014
Background. The Extracorporeal Treatments in Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was created to provide evidence-based recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatments (ECTR) in poisoning and the results are presented here for acetaminophen (APAP). Methods. After a systematic review of the literature, a subgroup selected and reviewed the articles and summarized clinical ...
Luzzati Alessandro A Oncological Orthopedics Department, Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute, Via Riccardo Galeazzi 4, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
To review a series of ten cases with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the spine, that have undergone surgery to describe clinical presentation, results and complications associated with surgical treatment; a review of literature reporting the main characteristics of the cases already published has been reported. A review of patients affected by ...
Nagaraja Vinayak V Prince of Wales Hospital , Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Acute supraglottitis is a medical emergency as it can rapidly lead to airway compromise. With routine pediatric immunization for Hemophilus influenzae serotype b, supraglottitis is now more prevalent in adults, with a shift in the causative organisms and a change in the natural history of this disease. Here, we present ...
Arbury Sheila - - 2014
Exposure to heat and hot environments puts workers at risk for heat stress, which can result in heat illnesses and death. This report describes findings from a review of 2012‒2013 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) federal enforcement cases (i.e., inspections) resulting in citations under paragraph 5(a)(1), the "general duty ...
Hugar Basappa S BS Department of Forensic Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar, Bangalore, 560054, Karnataka, - - 2014
Poisoning, both accidental and intentional, is a significant contributor to the mortality and morbidity throughout the world. The commonest pesticide poisoning is organophosphates followed by phosphides. Ingestion of phosphides can induce severe gastrointestinal irritation leading to hemorrhage and ulcerations. Gastrointestinal hemorrhages and ulcerations beyond the duodenum have not been reported ...
Hatami Mehrangiz - - 2014
Carbon monoxide poisoning is a very common cause of death in accidental, suicidal, or homicidal cases throughout the world. Fingernail bed manifestation is reported in survivors of carbon monoxide poisoning. A 40-year-old Caucasian woman was exposed to carbon monoxide when she was sleeping alone in her one-bedroom apartment; fortunately, the ...
Mahmoud Mohamad S MS Department of minimally Invasive Gynecology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, 1000 10th Ave, New York, NY, 10019, USA, - - 2014
Uterine leiomyomas affect 20-30 % of women 35 years and older. Extrauterine leiomyomas are rare and present a greater diagnostic challenge. Those unusual growth patterns occur more often in women of reproductive age with a history of hysterectomy or surgery for uterine leiomyomas. They have been reported in the literature in case ...
Hagiya Hideharu H Department of General Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan; Emergency Unit and Critical Care Center, Tsuyama Central Hospital, Okayama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Campylobacter spp. usually causes gastrointestinal infections, but among them, Campylobacter fetus is a well-known organism of mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm (MAAA), which requires proper surgical intervention and antibiotic therapy. We report a case of a 65-year-old Japanese man who was successfully treated with an in situ operation using a rifampicin ...
Wu Ming-Ling ML Division of Clinical Toxicology and Occupational Medicine, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
Severe electrolyte disturbances caused by fish poisoning are rarely reported in the literature. We present an unusual outbreak of palytoxin poisoning associated with the consumption of Goldspot herring (Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus). Four family members became ill after eating 2 species of marine fish. The presenting symptoms and signs included bitter taste, ...
Westphal Annika A Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Centr Hmburg-Eppendorf , - - 2014
Identifying all existing evidence is a crucial aspect in conducting systematic reviews. Since the retrieval of electronic database searches alone is limited, guidelines recommend the use of additional search strategies. The aim of this investigation was to assess the efficiency and contribution of additional search strategies for identifying randomized controlled ...
Banerjee Christopher C Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA, - - 2014
Pituitary tumor apoplexy (PTA) is a potentially fatal condition caused by hemorrhage and rapid expansion of a pituitary tumor. One rare consequence of PTA is occlusion of the intracavernous carotid arteries, very rarely leading to cerebral infarction. To describe a case of PTA leading to bilateral cerebral infarction and provide ...
Pei Zengyang - - 2014
Methamphetamine abuse has undergone a dramatic worldwide increase, and represents a significant and global issue for public health. Incidents of methamphetamine intoxication and death in humans are relatively commonplace. Because of its increasing illicit availability, together with legitimate use in human medicine, accidental or intentional exposure to methamphetamine in dogs ...
Kamour Ashraf A National Poisons Information Service, Newcastle Unit, Wolfson Unit, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) increases energy consumption by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. Although not licensed as a medicine, it is sometimes used by 'body sculptors' and for weight loss as a 'fat burning' agent. This research was performed to characterise patterns of presentation, clinical features and outcomes of patients reported to the National ...
Werthel J-D JD Hand Surgery Unit, Georges-Pompidou European Hospital (HEGP), Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, University Paris V, 20, rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The acute isolated distal radio-ulnar (DRU) dislocation is a rare traumatic pathology and no consensus concerning its management has been established. This case report describes an acute isolated volar DRU dislocation in a 26-year-old patient. The authors propose, based on this case and after an exhaustive review of the literature, ...
Bhoelan B S BS Participant in the Honours Program CRU2006 Bachelor, University Medical Center Utrecht , Utrecht , The - - 2014
Introduction. Barium is a stable divalent earth metal and highly toxic upon acute and chronic exposure. Barium is present in many products and involved in a number of industrial processes. Barium targets the potassium inward rectifier channels (IRCs) of the KCNJx gene family. Extracellular barium enters and strongly binds the ...
Cuello Juan Pablo JP *Department of Neurology, Division of Neurocritical Care †Stroke, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, - - 2014
Fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) is an uncommon cause of myelopathy that should be considered after more common causes have been ruled out. This article presents a case report of a 50-year-old man with acute myelopathy attributed to fibrocartilaginous embolism and summarizes the clinical features of the disease by analyzing all of ...
Brandler Tamar C TC Department of Pathology, Hofstra North-Shore LIJ School of Medicine; Lake Success, New - - 2014
Myelolipomas are benign tumors containing adipose tissue and hematopoeitic elements which occur most commonly in the adrenal glands. Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are uncommon with few cases of renal and perirenal myelolipomas in the literature. These cases may be difficult to diagnose based on radiology alone and intraoperative diagnosis can be extremely ...
Cotter Mb M Centre for Colorectal Disease, St. Vincent's University Hospital & School of Medicine and Medical Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Debate exists as to whether the traditional three-tiered grading of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) should be replaced by a more reproducible two-tiered system. In this study, we review our experience with AIN to determine the most suitable classification system. We performed a retrospective review of all histological reports over a ...
Kiran D N DN Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, - - 2014
Gunshot injuries are rather serious but uncommon type of trauma in India. A 45-year-old male was presented with gunshot (pellets) embedded in the maxillofacial area for 22 years. There is no consensus in the literature whether to attempt their removal or leave them in situ. Our patient had no long-term ...
Kostic Mark A MA *Associate Medical Director, Wisconsin Poison Center and †Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine (Kostic); Professor of Pediatric Emergency Medicine (Gorelick), Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been used widely for the treatment of poisoning due to local anesthetic agent and is increasingly reported as a therapy for other forms of poisoning. This article will review the proposed mechanisms of action for ILE in poisoning and the evidence from animal studies and ...
Lavergne Valéry V Department of Medical Biology, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
A literature review performed by the EXtracorporeal TReatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup highlighted deficiencies in the existing literature, especially the reporting of case studies. Although general reporting guidelines exist for case studies, there are none in the specific field of extracorporeal treatments in toxicology. Our goal was to construct and ...
Wataganara Tuangsit T 1 Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital , Bangkok, Thailand - - 2014
Abstract Background: Retroperitoneal infection can be lethal. Optimal management is still elusive to describe because of the small number of case reports. We presented here a case of retroperitoneal abscess caused by Clostridium difficile arising in the puerperal period. Methods: Case report and review of recent English-language literature. Results: The ...
Kuyumdzhiev Smilen S Department of Vascular - - 2014
Compression of the brachial plexus causing neurogenic symptoms is involved in the majority of cases referred to vascular surgeons for consideration of treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). The causative factor of the compression can be difficult to diagnose with multiple pathologies implicated. We present two rare cases of supraclavicular ...
Higny Julien - - 2014
Bluish vomiting is a symptom of poisoning that is rarely seen in Western emergency departments. Consequently, physicians are not aware of the diagnosis, complications, and treatment of this unusual form of intoxication. In this article, we report a case of bluish vomiting that occurred after an accidental ingestion of copper ...
Joslin Jeremy D JD Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, NY (Drs Joslin, Marraffa, and Mularella). Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the incidence of reported venomous snakebites in the state of New York between 2000 and 2010. Data were collected retrospectively from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) and then reviewed for species identification and clinical outcome while using proxy measures to determine incidence of envenomation. From ...
Mardini Joelle J Department of Nephrology, Verdun Hospital, University of Montreal, Verdun, Quebec, - - 2014
There are currently limited data on the trends in case reporting of poisoned patients undergoing enhanced elimination with an extracorporeal treatment (ECTR). The present manuscript specifically reviews the longitudinal trends of reports according to technique, poison, and country of publication. To identify case reports of ECTR use in the management ...
Bueno Palomino Antonio A Department of Radiology, Santa Bárbara Hospital, Puertollano, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a very rare entity that is usually asymptomatic and hence difficult to diagnose. However, cases of sudden death have been reported in patients with partial pericardial defects (even asymptomatic ones), and such patients require surgical treatment. We report the case of a 17-year-old patient ...
Kim Yang Jae YJ Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Busan Saint Mary's Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Aplasia or hypoplasia of the epiglottis in an adult is rarely reported congenital anomaly of the larynx. Most patients with epiglottic aplasia have presented fatal symptom of respiratory distress and severe aspiration in infancy or childhood. We present a case of congenital absence of the epiglottis found in a 33-year-old ...
Shenjere Patrick P 1Department of Histopathology, The Christie Hospital, Manchester, - - 2014
We describe 2 new cases of malignant melanoma with divergent rhabdomyoblastic differentiation occurring in adult patients. The patients were women aged 67 and 51 years with primary cutaneous and uterine cervical melanoma, respectively. Rhabdomyoblastic differentiation in melanoma is very rare in adult patients, and to our knowledge, only 7 such ...
Gauthier S S Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
News items reporting self-immolation by Tibetans have been on the increase in recent years. After examining the corpse of a Swiss man who had committed suicide by deliberate self-burning, we wondered how often this occurs in Switzerland. The Federal Statistics Office (FSO) does not register self-burning specifically so no official ...
Menezes Ritesh G RG From the *Forensic Medicine Division, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; †Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR; ‡Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, and §Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India; ∥Department ofOtorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, and ¶Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India; and #Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, - - 2014
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is an uncommon but life-threatening sequel of prolonged use of a cuffed tracheostomy tube. We describe a patient who developed a TEF after a tracheostomy done for management of head injury due to a road traffic mishap. The patient subsequently died of sepsis after bilateral bronchopneumonia. To ...
Aesch Bruno B From the *CHRU de Tours, Institut Médico-Légal; and †CHRU de Tours, Service de Neurochirurgie, Tours; ‡Résidence Le Vauban, Nevers; and §Inserm U930, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Tours, - - 2014
Investigation of deaths caused by penetrating gunshot wounds to the head often raises the possibility of foul play. The forensic pathologist may be asked if the victim was able to perform certain acts after the gunshot, and how quickly this person might have become incapacitated. The possibility of a suicidal ...
Bandyopadhyay S N SN Department of ENT, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, West Bengal, - - 2014
Objective: This study presents the incidence of denture impaction in the oesophagus, and discusses the difficulties of managing such cases. Method: A total of 262 patients with a history of foreign body ingestion (between 1999 and 2010) were reviewed; 46 of these patients had dentures impacted in the oesophagus. Results: ...
Yates Christopher C Emergency Department and Clinical Toxicology Unit, Hospital Universitari Son Espases, Mallorca, - - 2014
The Extracorporeal Treatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was formed to provide recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatments (ECTR) in poisoning. Here, the workgroup presents its results for tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). After an extensive literature search, using a predefined methodology, the subgroup responsible for this poison reviewed the articles, extracted ...
Barash Jed A JA Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, New Haven, CT; Department of Neurology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Haven, CT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a transmissible disorder that is monitored by public health authorities at the state and national levels in the United States. Little is known about the current accuracy and concurrence of CJD diagnoses across national and state sources of surveillance data. Using multiple sources, including the National ...
Tedla Miroslav M University ENT Department, Medical School of Comenius University and University Hospital Bratislava, Slovakia; ENT Department, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, University of Warwick, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a benign lesion of a vascular origin that is caused by excessive proliferation of endothelial cells in blood vessels or vascular malformations. It is a rare entity that can present in any region of the body, but with particular predilection to the head and ...
Johnson T T Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson University, Philadelphia , PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract In the United States, 5.5 million people over the age of 40 meet criteria for visual impairment (VI). They often suffer significant psychosocial and health consequences, including reduced quality of life and depression, which can be persistent and difficult to treat. Additionally, VI may increase the risk of suicide. ...
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