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Yates Christopher C Emergency Department and Clinical Toxicology Unit, Hospital Universitari Son Espases, Mallorca, - - 2014
The Extracorporeal Treatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was formed to provide recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatments (ECTR) in poisoning. Here, the workgroup presents its results for tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). After an extensive literature search, using a predefined methodology, the subgroup responsible for this poison reviewed the articles, extracted ...
Barash Jed A JA Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, New Haven, CT; Department of Neurology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Haven, CT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a transmissible disorder that is monitored by public health authorities at the state and national levels in the United States. Little is known about the current accuracy and concurrence of CJD diagnoses across national and state sources of surveillance data. Using multiple sources, including the National ...
Johnson T T Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson University, Philadelphia , PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract In the United States, 5.5 million people over the age of 40 meet criteria for visual impairment (VI). They often suffer significant psychosocial and health consequences, including reduced quality of life and depression, which can be persistent and difficult to treat. Additionally, VI may increase the risk of suicide. ...
Indorato Francesca F Laboratory of Forensic Toxicology, Section of Legal Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Biology and Genetics, Legal Medicine, Neurosciences, Diagnostic Pathology, Hygiene and Public Health, "GF Ingrassia", University of Catania, Via S. Sofia, 87, Comparto 10, 95123, Catania, Italy, - - 2014
Deaths after ingestion of hydrogen peroxide (HP) are very rare, but poisoning due to consumption of HP is not uncommon. Most HP exposure involves common household-strength (3 %) HP and is usually benign. Even if it is not generally considered to be a poison, it can cause accidental death. HP results ...
Filler Guido G University of Western Ontario, Children's Hospital, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, London Health Sciences Centre, Department of Paediatrics , 800 Commissioners Road East, London, ON N6A 5W9 , - - 2014
Introduction: To discuss the significance of the recent observational case series from the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre (STIC). Mycophenolic acid (MPA) and its prodrug mycophenolate mofetil are immunosuppressive agents that are frequently prescribed in renal transplant recipients, and their safety profiles must be established. Areas covered: This case series and ...
Melez Ipek Esen IE Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Vatan Caddesi, 34093, Fatih, İstanbul, - - 2014
Homicide-suicide is a tragic phenomenon which typically does not result in a criminal charge or trial. However, correct diagnosis and classification of homicide-suicide cases are important to determine the perpetrators and dynamics of each category properly. The deaths in the homicide-suicide acts can be divided into two categories with respect ...
Ceschi Alessandro A Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich , Freiestrasse 16, CH-8032 Zurich , Switzerland +41 44 634 1034 ; +41 44 252 8833 ; - - 2014
Background: Literature regarding acute human toxicity of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) is limited. Objectives: Our objectives were to describe all cases of overdose with MMF or EC-MPS reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre (STIC) or in the literature between 1995 and 2013. Therefore, we performed ...
Behera C C All India Institute of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Filicide-suicide is a special category of homicide-suicide event where the victim(s) are children and the perpetrator is one of the parents or both. It is not extensively documented or adequately defined in literature. In developed countries, shooting is a common method of homicide and suicide. Uses of knives, blunt objects, ...
Hosseini Marzieh M Department of Pathology Lab, Fars Legal Medicine Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Thrombosis is caused by abnormalities in the composition of the blood, the quality of the vessel wall, and the nature of the blood flow. Herein, we present four cases of fatal thrombus formation after a trauma, which were missed at clinical diagnosis as the symptoms were misinterpreted. We stress that ...
Francis Joshua R JR Paediatric Infection Management - - 2014
Human infection with Australian Bat Lyssavirus is extremely rare and has not previously been reported in a child. We describe a fatal case of Australian Bat Lyssavirus in an 8-year-old child, and review the literature pertaining to the diagnosis and management of lyssavirus infection with consideration of its applicability to ...
Darracq M A MA Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program , Fresno, CA , - - 2014
Abstract Background. The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and linagliptin are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Given the limited published information regarding human overdoses to these medications, our goal was to characterize such exposures. Methods. A state poison system database ...
Romero Juan Pablo JP Department of Neurology University Hospital "12 de Octubre", Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to assess the extent to which dementia is omitted as a cause of death from the death certificates of patients with dementia. A systematic literature search was performed to identify population-based cohort studies in which all participants were examined or screened for symptoms of ...
Russell Robert R Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
Review of adverse outcomes is an essential element of healthcare governance. For each operational death, the post-mortem is attended by a member of Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine and the case is assessed by a Mortality Peer Review Panel comprised of Defence Professors and other clinical and technical experts. ...
Wang David Chenhan DC Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To determine the incidence of temporal lobe dysplasia (TLD) detected on prenatal ultrasound in thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) over an 11-year period in a tertiary referral centre. An 11-year retrospective review of perinatal autopsies was performed from 2002 to 2013 to identify cases of TD. The ultrasound images and corresponding reports ...
Russell Jason L JL The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA, - - 2014
DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and linagliptin) are approved for the treatment of diabetes. They are considered safe due to their hyperglycemia dependent mechanism of action. We examined all isolated exposures to DPP-4 inhibitors reported to the National Poison Database System since 2006 to determine if significant toxicity occurs after exposure ...
Isabelle Le Blanc-Louvry LB Department of Forensic Medicine, Rouen University Hospital-Charles Nicolle, 1 rue de Germont, 76031, Rouen-Cedex, - - 2014
Lethal occurrence is exceptional after disopyramide or mianserin poisoning. A case of intentional lethal intoxication with these drugs was reported, as well as a review of the literature. Pre- and postmortem blood concentrations of disopyramide or mianserin were assessed in a woman who died from acute cardiac failure after ingestion. ...
Jin Jin-Lan JL 1 Central Intensive Care Unit, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Jinan University/Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Guangzhou 510220, China ; 2 The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, - - 2014
This report was about a 22-year-old male patient who died from acute and severe septicemic melioidosis. He was initially misdiagnosed as having pneumonia in a local hospital in Hainan but transferred to Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital after ineffective treatment and detection of Burkholderia pseudomallei in his blood sample. Unfortunately, right ...
Ahmad Maleeha M Department of Neurosurgical, The General Infirmary at Leeds , Leeds , - - 2014
We describe the unique case of a 58-year-old woman who presented with right leg radiculopathy caused by an ovarian cyst mimicking lumbar pathology. A review of the literature shows that this is a rare case where a histologically confirmed benign ovarian cystadenoma (of indeterminate type) is shown to cause foot ...
Gioia Sara S From the Section of Legal Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
We present a peculiar autopsy case of a transorbital penetrating head injury, in a male worker, after an accidental fall onto a screw not completely stuck into a wooden board.A 13-cm screw entered the cranium 9.5 cm deep, penetrating with the flat end, a condition defined in literature as "reverse ...
Barbato Vincenzo A VA Palmetto General Hospital/Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine Internal Medicine Residency Program, 2001 West 68 Street, Building #7100; Suite #202, Hialeah, Florida, - - 2014
The case refers to a 73 year old female who presented with splenic infarctions. This was found to be secondary to a floating thrombus in the ascending aorta. There have only been a few cases in literature describing an aortic thrombus without a coagulopathy. After searching the literature we believe ...
Goh Jason J Department of Gastroenterology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Ingested foreign body is an infrequent indication for emergency endoscopy in the adult gastroenterology practice. We describe the clinical features and endoscopic management of the first four cases of accidental ingestion of hijab pins by Muslim women in our unit, all presenting within a 12-month period. The pins were all ...
Veraldi Stefano S University of Milan, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. - - 2014
Cordylobia sp. is a fly belonging to the Calliphoridae family. Three species of Cordylobia are known: C. anthropophaga, C. rodhaini and C. ruandae. The C. rodhaini Gedoelst 1909 lives in Sub-Saharan Africa, especially in rain forest areas. Usual hosts are rodents and antelopes. Humans are accidentally infested. Myiasis caused by ...
Aulet Ricardo Mario RM Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
A case of a 31-year-old male who developed profound sensorineural hearing loss following a heroin overdose is presented. The patient subsequently had a full recovery of his hearing. Other cases of this rare phenomenon are reviewed and management options are discussed.
Val-Bernal José Fernando JF Department of Anatomical Pathology, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Medical Faculty, University of Cantabria and IFIMAV, Santander, Spain; - - 2014
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) represent an uncommon entity most frequently manifested in the pleura. We describe herein two new cases located in the jejunal and sigmoid mesentery incidentally found in patients aged 61 and 32 years. In a review of the literature, we have compiled 15 mesenteric SFTs including our ...
Arbab Dariusch D Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Aachen Medical Center, Germany (DA, - - 2013
Background. Isolated peroneus longus tendon tears are rare and represent a frequently overlooked source of lateral ankle pain and dysfunction. Only few cases of isolated peroneus longus tendon tears have been reported and a common treatment algorithm does not exist. The purpose of this study was to give an overview ...
B Dua Anisha A University of Chicago Medical - - 2013
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by rash, leukocytosis, fevers, and arthralgias. Pulmonary involvement has been reported rarely in AOSD, but acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is extremely rare and potentially fatal and must be recognized as potential manifestation of underlying AOSD. We present a case ...
Schep Leo J LJ National Poisons Centre, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago , Dunedin , New - - 2013
Objective. To investigate the death of Alexander the Great to determine if he died from natural causes or was poisoned and, if the latter, what was the most likely poison. Methods. OVID MEDLINE (January 1950-May 2013) and ISI Web of Science (1900-May 2013) databases were searched and bibliographies of identified ...
Herbst Jonathon J Department of Pathology, WellStar Cobb Hospital, Austell, GA, - - 2014
Heat waves are not uncommon in Australia, but the event of 2009 was particularly severe and ranks third of the 21 recorded heat wave events in south-eastern Australia in terms of the resulting mortality and morbidity. This is a review of Coronial autopsy findings in South Australia (which has an ...
Wojcik Nancy C NC From ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc (Ms Wojcik and Dr Schnatter), Epidemiology & Health Surveillance, Annandale, NJ; and Independent Consultant, Epidemiologist (Dr Huebner), Montclair, - - 2013
This article describes effective strategies for the identification and valid assessment of mortality due to mesothelioma. We manually reviewed all death certificates for mention of mesothelioma for all International Classification of Diseases (ICD) revisions. We tested the accuracy of our ascertainment method by comparing New Jersey death certificate data from ...
O'Higgins Amy C AC UCD Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2013
To carry out a 4-year review of cases of bacteremia among obstetric patients. In a retrospective review, all cases of maternal bacteremia between 2009 and 2012 were identified from the laboratory database of Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. The clinical records of each case were assessed. During ...
Chen Tzu-Hua TH Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, - - 2013
Methanol poisoning is rare in the pediatric population, but a delay in diagnosis and intervention may cause severe morbidity and mortality. The current therapy for methanol poisoning is ethanol or fomepizole, which acts as a competitive inhibitor of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase to inhibit the production of toxic metabolites derived from ...
Garnett Gwendolyn M - - 2013
In cases of Kawasaki's disease (KD) presenting as acute surgical abdomen, rarely has the presence of acute appendicitis been found. We report two cases of histologically confirmed acute appendicitis in the presence of KD and a review of the literature as it pertains to acute abdomen and atypical presentations of ...
Pomara Cristoforo - - 2013
Fatal blast injuries are generally reported in literature as a consequence of the detonation of explosives in war settings. The pattern of lesion depends on the position of the victim in relation to the explosion, on whether the blast tracks through air or water, and whether it happens in the ...
Zhou Qian - - 2013
The present report describes two cases of paraquat poisoning by skin absorption. The cases involved contractual workers who were spraying paraquat in an orchard. Whilst spraying, some solution adhered to their skin. The skin developed erythema followed by blistering and hemorrhaging hemorrhagic diabrosis. Six days later the patients were admitted ...
Jibiki Toshiaki T Department of Pediatrics, Chiba Kaihin Municipal Hospital, Chiba, - - 2013
Acute scrotum is a rare complication of acute Kawasaki disease (KD), less well recognized than other disease manifestations. We describe the cases of two patients, aged 59 months and 19 months, with hydrocele testis in the acute phase of KD. Scrotal ultrasound and trans-illumination were used in the diagnosis of ...
Bonney Asha G AG BC Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Room K4-226, Ambulatory Care Bldg, 4480 Oak St, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4. - - 2013
A 4-year-old girl was brought into the emergency department vomiting after having had ingested a laundry detergent capsule (LDC) from under the sink at her house. What is the risk of LDC poisoning? What can be done to treat these children? Laundry detergent capsules are relatively new to supermarket shelves ...
Mumoli Laura L Department of Science of Health, School of Medicine, University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy ; Pharmacovigilance's Center Calabria Region, University Hospital Mater Domini, Italy ; Institute of Neurology, School of Medicine, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, - - 2013
β-Interferon therapy is known to be a potential trigger of suicidal behavior, but this effect has not been previously reported for other multiple sclerosis (MS) treatments, such as, natalizumab. Here we report the case history of a 32-year-old woman affected by relapsing-remitting MS, who attempted suicide during natalizumab treatment. This ...
Lippmann John J Executive Director, Divers Alert Network (DAN) Asia-Pacific, doctoral candidate, Deakin University, Melbourne, P O Box 384, Ashburton VIC 3147, Australia, Phone: +61-(0)3-9886-9166, Fax: +61-(0)3-9886-9155, E-mail: - - 2013
An individual case review of diving-related deaths reported as occurring in Australia in 2009 was conducted as part of the DAN Asia-Pacific Dive Fatality Reporting Project. The case studies were compiled using reports from witnesses, the police and coroners. In each case, the particular circumstances of the accident and details ...
Pobutsky Ann - - 2013
Patterns of domestic violence fatalities and agency responses in Hawaii have not been explicated. Retrospective reviews of events leading up to domestic violence related fatalities in Hawaii were assessed from 45 adjudicated cases that resulted in 62 fatalities for the ten year period from 2000-2009. Almost one-half of the fatalities ...
Lee Jong Im JI Department of Pathology, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, - - 2013
Accessory scrotum is a rare congenital anomaly that is often associated with perineal tumor or other developmental abnormalities. Because most cases are diagnosed and treated in early childhood, little is known about the natural biologic course of this entity and associated lesions through time. We present a case of accessory ...
Conley Sean P - - 2013
Patients with fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain commonly present to the emergency department, often generating a broad differential diagnosis. We describe the first reported case in the emergency medicine literature of acute lobar nephronia (ALN). To describe the presentation, evaluation, and management of acute lobar nephronia. A healthy 27-year-old woman ...
Allen Luke - - 2013
In England, every death in childhood is reviewed by a local multidisciplinary Child Death Overview Panel (CDOP) with the intention of understanding causation and implementing interventions to reduce future deaths. This study aimed to establish how well panels work from the perspective of the paediatricians involved and to ascertain whether ...
Eckes Lena L Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Turmstrasse 21, Haus N, 10559 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Doxylamine (DA) is widely available in pharmacies without prescription and can be used in suicidal intention because of its sedative and anticholinergic properties. Research of literature shows that only a few publications deal with post-mortem evidence of DA and its interpretation during toxicological examination. In this study, all cases with ...
Pather Selvan S The Sydney Gynaecologic Oncology Group, Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia; University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, - - 2014
Retaining the placenta in situ at caesarean section for placenta percreta and awaiting placental reabsorption is widely practiced; however, there is limited evidence on the efficacy and complications of this strategy. We present three cases of placenta percreta managed conservatively and note that all three women experienced significant complications. A ...
- - 2013
Unusual presentation of thrombotic meningoencephalitis in calves Review of idiopathic necrotising enteritis diagnoses Acute interstitial pneumonia of unknown aetiology in lambs Rickets in spring-born lambs Generalised parasitism in an adult mute swan These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for August from  SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC ...
Jabbar Seema B - - 2013
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant that is consumed by large numbers of people on a routine basis, usually in the form of coffee or tea. However, if consumed in high doses, this xanthine alkaloid is profoundly toxic and can result in death.Increasingly being sold as a dietary supplement, ...
Pai Keshav K Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, - - 2013
Complications due to foreign body ingestion are rare; however, if present, these can cause significant morbidity to the patient. An overlooked ingested foreign body could present as an emergency and may prove fatal. We present a case of an accidentally ingested foreign body with delayed presentation, which migrated to the ...
Hourmozdi Justin J - - 2013
Streptococcal necrotizing myositis, also known as gangrenous myositis, is a very rare and severe soft tissue infection that predominately involves skeletal muscle and, eventually, superficial fascia and surrounding tissues. The presentation is often nonspecific until the rapidly progressing clinical course becomes apparent. A high morbidity and mortality rate has been ...
Doyon Suzanne - - 2013
Context. Deaths from overdose of acetaminophen (APAP) combination medications are reported, yet the individual ingredients are not well examined as individual putative causes of death. Objective. To examine the individual contribution of APAP or other ingredient(s) to fatalities resulting from ingestion of APAP combination products reported to poison centers. Materials ...
Lunetta Philippe - - 2013
Autoerotic accidental deaths (AAD) are increasingly reported deaths occurring during solitary sexual rituals used to enhance sexual excitement. The majority of these fatalities involve hanging or other form of self-inflicted asphyxia. The German medical literature, with the first recognized AAD published in the early 1900s, has antedated by decades the ...
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