Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1626
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Smith Nicholas A - - 2012
A review of the literature pertaining to the production and separation of (67)Cu. This isotope is useful from both therapeutic and diagnostic standpoints due to its medium energy beta particle, gamma emissions, and 2.6-day half-life. It has been produced via proton, neutron, and gamma irradiations on zinc followed by solvent ...
Aresti Nick - - 2012
Eponyms are widely used in medicine and their use has been the subject of much debate recently. Advocates stress their historical significance, their ability to simplify complex terminology and their addition of character to science. Opponents cite the controversy among those eponyms and highlight the lack of both scientific and ...
Kurian Shweta - - 2012
Oxaliplatin in combination with a fluoropyrimide is a treatment option for colorectal cancer patients in the adjuvant and metastatic settings. Very few hematological emergencies have been reported associated with Oxaliplatin. These include autoimmune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and pancytopenia. We present a case report of a patient who developed hematuria and ...
Ali Syed M - - 2012
Smooth muscle tumours of the round ligament of the uterus are rare and can mimic an inguinal hernia. Preoperative diagnosis can be established by a computed tomography scan of the abdomen or an exploration of the inguinal canal. Surgical excision is the curative treatment.
Muthappan M - - 2012
Meningeal melanocytomas are rare tumours of the central nervous system, most commonly found in the intracranial compartment (posterior cranial fossa). Spinal lesions are uncommon, with the majority being intradural, extramedullary lesions. Intramedullary melanocytomas are extremely rare and are most commonly found in the thoracic region. We report a patient with ...
Kuperan Arjuna B - - 2012
We present an unusual case of a lingual leiomyomatous hamartoma, along with a current literature review of this previously under reported lesion. Described is a case of a 5 month-old male presenting with a posterior midline tongue mass and surgical excision yielded pathology consistent with a leiomyomatous hamartoma. A comprehensive ...
Mazaheri Masood - - 2012
A previous review concluded that postural sway is increased in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, more detailed analysis of the literature shows that postural deficit may be dependent on experimental conditions in which patients with LBP have been assessed. The research question to be answered in this review ...
Lee Kyung-Hwa - - 2012
Chordoid meningioma is an uncommon variant of meningioma, and is very rarely found in the pineal region. We report a case of pineal region chordoid meningioma occurring in a young woman complicated by repetitive hemorrhages in the setting of pregnancy. A 23-year-old woman, 28 weeks pregnant, was transferred to our ...
Dawar Richa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe a unique case of secondary gliosarcoma (SGS) with widespread extra-cranial metastases that developed more than 5 years after the initial diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). This interval is the longest among the cases reported to date. METHODS: A PUBMED search using the key words "secondary gliosarcoma" and ...
van Hest N A H - - 2012
Treatment success measured by treatment outcome monitoring (TOM) is a key programmatic output of tuberculosis (TB) control programmes. We performed a systematic literature review on national level TOM in the 30 European Union/European Economic Areas (EU/EEA) countries to summarise methods used to collect and report data on TOM.Online reference bibliographic ...
Posada Celia - - 2012
Mid-dermal elastolysis is a rare disorder characterised by focal loss of elastic tissue in the mid-dermis. Most patients present with lesions of fine wrinkling (type I) or perifollicular papules (type II). The reticular variant (type III) has been described less often in the literature. We report a case of a ...
Wolfe Christopher M - - 2012
Multiple basal cell carcinomas (BCC) are a significant cause of morbidity and disfigurement in patients with naevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). Chemopreventive strategies are needed to reduce the formation of new BCC in these patients. Appropriate evidence-based guidelines for photodynamic therapy chemoprevention in NBCCS do not exist. We herein ...
Din Asmat H - - 2012
Cutaneous endometriosis is a rare skin pathology that may present to the gynaecologist, general surgeon, dermatologist, or plastic surgeon. It is often misdiagnosed due to its rarity and variable appearance. In the current literature recommendations for its management vary greatly. We present a case of cutaneous endometriosis presenting to a ...
Tatar E Ç - - 2012
Objective: We describe a case of bilateral congenital choanal atresia in the oldest patient reported with this condition in the recent English language literature. Method: Case report and a review of the relevant English language literature, presenting the embryopathogenesis, diagnostic methods and treatment options for this condition. Results: A 53-year-old ...
Chamizo Carmona Eugenio - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the literature related to the occurrence of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) using bisphosphonates (BP) in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to July 2010, including terms relating ...
Palmiere Cristian - - 2012
Despite the progress made during the past several decades in forensic pathology, the possibilities for the postmortem diagnosis of hypothermia remains relatively limited. Aside from histology and immunohistochemistry, numerous authors have investigated the postmortem biochemistry of hypothermia fatalities. Several biochemical markers (e.g., glucose, electrolytes, hormones, ketone bodies, and neurotransmitters) and ...
Wu Yelena P - - 2012
Literature reviews are an essential step in the research process and are included in all empirical and review articles. Electronic databases are commonly used to gather this literature. However, several factors can affect the extent to which relevant articles are retrieved, influencing future research and conclusions drawn. The current project ...
de Santana Santos Thiago - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Avulsion of the eye globe is a rare condition that is unexpected in maxillofacial trauma and results from severe trauma to the orbit and face. A search of the literature reveals very few reported cases. The present article reports a case of this singular, challenging condition and comments on ...
Wu Xiaojun - - 2012
We reported one case of penile angiosarcoma in a 49-year-old patient who had been misdiagnosed as syphilis. Based on our experience, we suggest that if sexually transmitted diseases and Peyronie's disease can be ruled out, diagnosis of the penile angiosarcoma be warranted if unexplained rash, ulceration on the penis, and ...
Teo Mario K - - 2012
The spinal cord is an extremely rare site for primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma (< 1%). Very few cases of primary cauda equina (including conus) lymphoma were previously reported. We report such a case, and with literature review, discuss their clinical features, operative and histopathological findings. Although rare, with an ...
Elcioglu Omer Celal - - 2012
Tirofiban is a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist used in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Thrombocytopenia is a well-known complication of GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors. Life-threatening complications such as alveolar and gastrointestinal system hemorrhages may occur in the course of thrombocytopenia. Platelet count should be monitored closely, including during the ...
Machado Carina - - 2012
Streptococcus agalactiae endocarditis is a rare clinical entity that is generally characterized by acute onset, the presence of large vegetations, rapid valvular destruction and frequent complications, particularly embolization. Mortality is high with medical therapy alone. The authors present a case report of Streptococcus agalactiae endocarditis in a young patient treated ...
Desy Nicholas M - - 2012
Primary perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComas) of bone are rare mesenchymal tumors. Histologically, they are composed predominantly of perivascular epithelioid cells and have the capacity to metastasize. PEComas have been reported within intra-abdominal and intra-pelvic organs. To the best of our knowledge, only seven primary PEComas of bone have been ...
Villas Boas Paulo José Fortes - - 2012
RATIONALE AND AIM: The aims of the Cochrane systematic reviews are to make readily available and up-to-date information for clinical practice, offering consistent evidence and straightforward recommendations. In 2004, we evaluated the conclusions from Cochrane systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials in terms of their recommendations for clinical practice and ...
Nascimento Marta - - 2012
Rib osteomyelitis is a very rare form of childhood osteomyelitis. We describe a case of a 9-year-old child with an osteomyelitis of the rib due to Staphylococcus aureus and review 57 cases reported in the literature. This case demonstrates that the diagnosis of this uncommon disease requires a high index ...
Farmer Sybil E - - 2012
Systematic reviews are used to inform practice, and develop guidelines and protocols. A questionnaire to quantify the risk of bias in systematic reviews, the review paper assessment (RPA) tool, was developed and tested. A search of electronic databases provided a data set of review articles that were then independently reviewed ...
Issat Tadeusz - - 2012
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEC-oma) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm. Literature reports more than 100 cases of PEC-oma, a third of which is of uterine or uterine retroperitoneum origin. The case of a 59-year-old woman presented here is, to the best of our knowledge, the first described fast uterine PEC-oma ...
Peña Melissa S Burroughs - - 2012
To compare the usefulness for surveillance of the peer-reviewed literature on the prevalence of hypertension in Latin America and the Caribbean published from 2001 to 2010 with a previous study of the published literature from 1962 to 2000. A bibliographic search was conducted of publications from 2001 to 2010 that ...
Arunachalam Pavai - - 2012
Penile abnormalities such as epispadias, diphallia, asymmetry, and aphallia have been reported with cloacal exstrophy. The presence of intravesical phallus with cloacal exstrophy is presented with a review of literature.
Shen Jasper - - 2012
To review the literature on the occurrences of aural polyps in patients with Samter's triad with a focus on familiarizing clinicians with the clinical presentation and the etiologic and therapeutic issues of this entity. Published reports of otologic manifestations of Samter's triad were reviewed in conjunction with 1 case presenting ...
Alagbe-Briggs O T - - 2012
Tetanus is an infection that can be associated with a high mortality especially in developing countries. Critical care which may include artificial control of respiration is crucial in survival, but cardiovascular complications from autonomic instability remains an important cause of death. The objective of this report is to highlight this ...
Chipps J - - 2012
A review of systematic reviews of the effectiveness and feasibility of videoconference-based telepsychiatry services for resource constrained environments was conducted. Specifically with the aim of producing an evidence-based review of the effectiveness and feasibility of videoconference-based telepsychiatry services in resource constrained countries like South Africa. Eight key questions on telepsychiatry ...
Nasseri Eiman - - 2012
Background:Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare condition characterized by an accumulation of histiocytes within lymph nodes and tissue. Treatment is indicated when the condition is highly symptomatic and when widespread involvement causes vital organ compression.Objective:To review the classic physical and histologic findings in Rosai-Dorfman disease and summarize the literature supporting the ...
Lee Mijung - - 2012
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant clinical and public health problem. Recently, attention has been paid to the potential for procalcitonin (PCT) both to differentiate the diagnosis and to indicate the prognosis of pneumonia. The purpose of this literature review was to evaluate the eligibility of PCT for defining typical ...
Akhtar Mohammad Nasim - - 2012
Disseminated cysticercosis is an uncommon presentation of a common disease. Asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis is rarely reported in literature. Here, we are reporting a case of asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis incidentally diagnosed in a patient of low backache. Magnetic resonance imaging of lumbosacral spine and neuroimaging done subsequently during the course of ...
Maraki Sofia - - 2012
Members of the genus Myroides are aerobic Gram-negative bacteria that are common in environmental sources, but are not components of the normal human microflora. Myroides organisms behave as low-grade opportunistic pathogens, causing infections in severely immunocompromised patients and rarely, in immunocompetent hosts. A case of Myroides odoratimimus cellulitis following a ...
Alonso de Celada Ricardo M - - 2012
Cardiac myxomas are difficult to diagnose, not only because of a lack of specific systemic symptoms but also because, even in those cases presenting with embolic disease, emboli are exceptional. The skin is one of the organs most frequently involved by myxomatous emboli. We report an extraordinary case in which ...
Dotson Kurtis - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) occurs when air enters the pleural space in the absence of a traumatic or iatrogenic etiology and is an uncommon phenomenon in the pediatric population. Although the typical presentation has been well described in the literature, much debate still surrounds the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management ...
Wang Hong-Wei - - 2012
Intralobar sequestration (ILS) is an uncommon abnormality that accounts for 75% of all pulmonary sequestrations. Over the years there have been several reports of various presenting signs of which hemoptysis was commonly described, however, massive hemoptysis and hemothorax is extremely rare in literature. We present a case of a 45-year-old ...
Kwon Soo Y - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The complications related to the retropubic placement of polypropylene mesh (TVT) for stress urinary incontinence have been extensively described in the literature. The occurrence of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, however, has not been previously reported as a complication of placement of a mesh sling. We report such a case ...
Thacker Mihir M - - 2012
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the talar dome is relatively common, however, OCD of the talar head is extremely rare. We present two cases of OCDs of the talar head. This report describes the natural history of this rare condition and its evolution until skeletal maturity. The literature of OCD in ...
Arseneau April M - - 2012
A wealth of literature exists regarding common allergies to household pets such as cat or dog. Allergy to horse, however, is infrequently discussed in the medical literature despite significant sensitization rates among urban-dwelling subjects without direct exposure to horses. A literature search was conducted in PubMed and additional references were ...
Kumar Tarun - - 2012
Hemagiomas are most common tumors in infancy; however, scrotal septum hemangiomas are very rare with only 45 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of a 6-month-old child who presented with a scrotal mass at birth which had increased in size with age. A scrotal ultrasound with color ...
Delvallée Mélanie - - 2012
Pericarditis due to Listeria monocytogenes is a very uncommon and serious disease. We describe a case of fatal subacute pericarditis that was caused by L. monocytogenes in a 61-year-old woman with Hodgkin's disease who was diagnosed in 1975 and considered cured. In addition, we review the literature on this condition.
Angelos Patrick C - - 2012
We conducted a contemporary review covering advances and trends in primary and functional rhinoplasty as published during the past decade. Specifically, we reviewed studies supporting the evidence for functional rhinoplasty, nasal valve surgery, and septal reconstruction. In addition, key articles discussing cephalic malpositioning of the lower lateral cartilages and tip ...
Zhang Ya-Fei - - 2012
In this study, we present a case of a 43-year-old female patient who was admitted to our hospital due to a giant mass on the left buttock. Imaging tests revealed that the mass was a solid-cystic tumor with a large size of 143×430×180 mm, penetrating from the pelvic cavity to ...
Maitama Hussaini Y - - 2012
Urethral duplication is a rare congenital genitourinary abnormality. The purpose of this report is to add to the scanty literature on the subject. We emphasize the significance of high index of suspicion, thorough evaluation, and to discourage circumcision performed by unqualified individuals. A six year old with a finding of ...
Hallam Daniel M - - 2012
A male worker entered an underground manure pit and lost consciousness. His coworker tried to rescue him and also lost consciousness in the pit. Emergency service arrived in minutes and removed both of them from the pit. Both men suffered anoxic brain injury and died in the hospital. Cases from ...
Relhan Nidhi - - 2012
The article reports a case and review of the literature of endophthalmitis presenting as isolated retinal vasculitis. A 26-year-old male was observed to have white-centered retinal hemorrhages and retinal vasculitis following an occult scleral perforation. At presentation, the visual acuity was 20/60. With clinical suspicion of early endophthalmitis, he underwent ...
Khan N - - 2012
Osteonecrosis of the mandible and the maxilla is known; however, aseptic necrosis of the maxilla after traumatic fracture is hardly reported. This case aims to help clinicians realize the need to closely follow up and treat such patients with trauma as it can lead to osteonecrosis of the bone and ...
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