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Sun Tingyi - - 2013
Pituitary apoplexy is an uncommon clinical emergency arising from hemorrhage into or infarction of a pituitary adenoma. The most common presentation is sudden headache, visual field defects and signs of hypopituitarism. It usually occurs in the age group from 20 to 50 years and affects more male than female. Sudden ...
Krishna Karthik - - 2013
Death due to ice pick injury rarely reported in forensic literature. We report death of a 16-year old male, who was allegedly assaulted on chest, back and thigh by his school-mate, with an ice pick. The accused had got the ice pick from his father's ice shop to attack the ...
Bekdache G N - - 2013
We studied 20 cases with fibrochondrogenesis (FCG) diagnosed prenatally. Four cases were diagnosed at our fetal unit, and 16 cases were identified through a review of literature (in English). The prenatal diagnosis of FCG was made in 4/20 (20%). Six (30%) patients opted for termination of pregnancy (TOP). A total ...
Hong Steven S - - 2013
To better understand the causes and outcomes of lawsuits involving otolaryngologists in the past decade by analyzing malpractice litigation trends to prevent future litigation and improve physician education. Analysis of a national database for all US civil trials. The Westlaw database was reviewed from 2001 to 2011. Data were compiled ...
Hawley Lesley A - - 2013
Methamphetamine use is an increasing problem in the United States. Despite the similarities to cocaine in clinical presentation, methamphetamine effects on the cardiovascular system are not as clearly understood. The purpose of this retrospective review is to evaluate the cardiovascular outcomes of methamphetamine exposures reported to both the California Poison ...
Neate Sandra L SL Coroners Prevention Unit, Coroners Court of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. - - 2013
To better understand the non-reporting of reportable deaths by determining the frequency and nature of reportable deaths referred to the Coroners Court of Victoria (CCOV) by the Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages (BDM). Review of referrals from BDM to the CCOV between 2003 and 2011 where an external cause of death ...
Simon Tracey G - - 2013
We describe the case of a patient with hemolysis-associated Clostridium perfringens septicemia and review all similar cases published in the literature since 1990, with specific focus on the relationship between treatment strategy and survival. We searched PubMed for all published cases of C. perfringens-associated hemolysis, using the medical subject terms ...
Pirkis Jane - - 2013
There is a substantial literature which demonstrates that irresponsible reporting of suicide can lead to copycat acts and, as a result, many countries have developed guidelines for media professionals. Some of the recommendations in these guidelines draw directly on the evidence and describe how reporting can be done in a ...
Balázs Judit - - 2013
Certain types of news coverage can increase the likelihood of suicide. This study explores, how media covered a suicide case in a country, where there was no available guideline, though it was among the leading countries in suicide statistics. The specific aim was to compare the first and second waves ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2013
Postpartum aortic dissection is a rare but lethal event. Until now, only a limited number of cases have been reported, and a comprehensive literature review from 1988 to 2012 yielded 27 cases. Postpartum aortic dissection occurred between Day 1 and Day 42 after delivery, either vaginally or by cesarean section. ...
Prayulsatien Weerapong - - 2013
Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon (C7H8) found in gasoline, acrylic paints, varnishes, lacquers, paint thinners, adhesives, and shoe polish. Toluene toxicity can occur from unintentional or deliberate inhalation of fumes, ingestion, or transdermal absorption. Unintentional exposure to high concentrations of toluene results in severe toluene intoxication. This is a report ...
Raghu Kondle K Department of Emergency Medicine, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Paraquat (1, r-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridium dichloride), a brown syrupy liquid is an effective herbicide that has low chronic toxicity because of its rapid deactivation on contact with soil. A high dose of paraquat or severe poisoning has a poor prognosis. At present there is no specific antidote to paraquat poisoning, hence the ...
Albuquerque Polianna L M M PL Toxicological Assistance Center, Instituto Dr José Frota, FortalezaCeará, - - 2013
Ophidic accidents are an important public health problem due to their incidence, morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of cases have been registered in Brazil in the last few years. Several studies point to the importance of knowing the clinical complications and adequate approach in these accidents. However, knowledge about ...
Bergmark Brian A BA Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Acute aortic syndromes, which include aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and penetrating aortic ulcer, represent the most morbid presentations of aortic disease and can be difficult to diagnose. Recent advances in imaging have allowed for more rapid and accurate diagnosis of acute ...
Behera C - - 2013
Suicide notes are usually written by the victim on paper or readily accessible things such as notebooks, walls or mirrors. Though writing may be found on the body of the deceased, suicide notes in a structured manner written on the palm have not been reported in forensic literature. In all ...
Shenouda Michael - - 2013
Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory arteriopathy of unknown etiology with life-threatening manifestations. With advances in endovascular techniques, SAM is increasingly being managed without the need for major surgery. A systematic review of the literature published on SAM between 1976 and 2012 was performed, focusing on arterial involvement, ...
Wolf Barbara C - - 2013
Florida's climate is suitable for many potentially hazardous animals, including both indigenous and exotic species, which are frequently kept as in zoos or as pets. This has resulted in many unforeseen fatal encounters between animals and the ever expanding human population. While the literature and knowledge pool for more common ...
Cain Rachel B - - 2013
Background: Hibernomas are rare, benign tumors of brown adipose tissue uncommonly found in the head and neck. Methods: A review of the English literature was conducted. We present a series of 2 laryngeal hibernomas treated with transoral laser microsurgical resection at a tertiary referral center over a period of 18 ...
Price David - - 2013
Hypocalcaemia is a rare complication of calcium channel blocker overdose, having been reported only once previously [1]. In this paper, we report a case of a 37-year-old female who developed hypocalcaemia after a verapamil overdose, review the literature and propose a mechanism for this rare finding. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) ...
Ottenhausen Malte - - 2013
Background and Importance Even though dilated Virchow-Robin spaces (VRS) are a very rare entity, they can compel the clinician to start immediate intervention in the case of acute onset of symptoms. To allow a well-balanced management decision, we compiled a summary of all cases published in the literature and discuss ...
Wei Dengming - - 2013
We report a case of a 30-year-old woman who suddenly collapsed after having a physical altercation with her husband. Despite immediate resuscitation, she died on arrival at the hospital. The victim's parents requested an autopsy because they believed that their daughter was killed by her husband. Postmortem examination revealed that ...
Advenier Anne-Sophie - - 2013
We report a case of lethal acute aortic dissection revealed by a large ecchymotic area at the root of the neck; the subject was an 86-year-old man who died suddenly in his hospital room. His medical history included ischemic heart disease with pacemaker implantation and an aortic surgical prosthesis. Forensic ...
Steck Nicole - - 2013
Legal in some European countries and US states, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia remain under debate in these and other countries. The aim of the study was to examine numbers, characteristics, and trends over time for assisted dying in regions where these practices are legal: Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, ...
Cesta Toni - - 2013
In this month's Case Management Insider we have begun to review the case management process. The process has a total of eight steps, and we have completed our review of six of them. Next month we will continue with the final two steps in the case management process and also ...
Teo Aic - - 2013
The emergency department of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary receives around 68,000 new adult admissions annually. All poisoning cases are admitted to a 14-bedded short-stay ward, except those admitted to intensive care or immediately discharged. This study aimed to analyse epidemiological trends and management of short-stay ward admissions for poisonings. Adult (>13 ...
Cullis Ps - - 2013
Dipyridamole intoxication is rare and few reports exist amongst the current literature. A case of dipyridamole and paracetamol overdose is described in a previously healthy 58-year-old woman, which resulted in multi-organ failure requiring dialysis, inotropic support, ventilation and extensive surgical intervention for small bowel ischaemia. This case highlights the dangers ...
McLean Maxwell - - 2013
In England and Wales, doctors are charged with a responsibility either to report a death to the coroner or issue a medical certificate specifying cause of death. A lack of formal prescriptive or presumptive oversight has resulted in the promulgation by individual coroners of local reporting regimes. The study reported ...
Matzek Brett A - - 2013
Traumatic dislocation of the testicle is a rare injury that may result from blunt abdominopelvic trauma. The majority of cases reportedly occur in young adults secondary to severe scrotal trauma during high-speed motorcycle crashes. Our review of the available English medical literature revealed only one pediatric case. We present a ...
Sanchez-Jimenez Erick Francisco - - 2013
To review the initial presentation and demonstrate the importance of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. A PubMed search using the terms "Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC)" and "apical ballooning syndrome" yielded 211 publications. Only those that were relevant were fully reviewed. The gender, age, precipitating stressor, main complaint at presentation, electrocardiogram (ECG) at admission and ...
Mazzola Francesca - - 2013
Child Death Overview Panels (CDOP) provide a multidisciplinary and confidential forum to learn from and reduce deaths in those under 18 years. How well they perform and how to improve their effectiveness is a question posed at both local and national levels in England. With this in mind, this study ...
Cozijnsen Luc - - 2013
We report a case of a 66-year-old man with multiple thoracoabdominal mycotic aortic aneurysms caused by Streptococcus agalactiae (S agalactiae). The infectious aortitis (IA) was diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography and computed tomography and confirmed by positive blood cultures. The patient was treated with antibiotics, but, after worsening of the aortitis, ...
Thornton Stephen L - - 2013
The use of oral antineoplastic agents in nonmedical settings continues to increase. There are limited data available on pediatric exposures to these agents. We sought to identify characteristics of such exposures. We performed a retrospective review of database of a statewide poison system from 2000 to 2009 for all cases ...
Ishida Tokiko - - 2013
An ectopic cervical thymus is a rare congenital anomaly that can be located anywhere along the developmental pathway of thymic descent. Most lesions manifest as a cystic mass and have an indolent course. Two fatal cases associated with ectopic cervical thymus in the form of a solid mass are presented ...
Keshtkar-Jahromi Maryam - - 2013
The presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) in Iran was first identified in studies of livestock sera and ticks in the 1970s, but the first human infection was not diagnosed until 1999. Since that time, the number of cases of CCHF in Iran has markedly increased. Through January 2012, ...
Nentwig Wolfgang - - 2013
During a two-year study, all spider bites recorded by Swiss primary care physicians were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre and all collected spiders were identified. A total of 14 verified spider bites were recorded, involving five species from four families: Zoropsis spinimana (five cases), Cheiracanthium punctorium (four cases), ...
Radojevic Nemanja - - 2013
The varieties of luetic clinical polymorphism are countless in nature. In this regard, an autopsy case of a 72-year-old vagrant who accidentally succumbed to carbon-monoxide poisoning is here presented and reviewed. The autopsy revealed the highly unusual finding of asymptomatic syphilitic necrosis of spleen followed by luetic mesaortitis, a single-skin ...
Peres Luiz Cesar - - 2013
Hirschsprung enterocolitis (HEC) is an uncommon, albeit well known, complication of Hirschsprung disease (HD). It is multifactorial and can appear in different age groups, but is particularly important in the neonatal period where it is characteristically seen in full-term neonates. Two cases of HEC are reported that were diagnosed at ...
De-Giorgio Fabio - - 2013
Acetaminophen or paracetamol, a commonly used over-the-counter analgesic, is known to elicit severe adverse reactions when taken in overdose, chronically at therapeutic dosage or, sporadically, following single assumptions of a therapeutic dose. Damage patterns including liver damage and, rarely, acute tubular necrosis or a fixed drug exanthema. We present a ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2013
It is estimated that approximately one in four people know someone who has taken their own life and that one suicide death leaves six or more suicide survivors. The aim of this paper was to review the literature regarding the association between suicide and bereavement, focusing also on the supportive ...
Krishnan Prasad - - 2013
Spinal arteriovenous fistulas are rare entities. They often present with congestive myelopathy but are infrequently diagnosed as the cause of the patients' symptoms. Only one such case has been described previously in Indian literature. We describe one such case who presented to us after a gap of 3 years since ...
Khan Fahmi Yousef FY Department of Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, - - 2013
We report four cases of nosocomial E. coli meningitis, in male patients with accidental and neurosurgical trauma. The interval between accidents/neurosurgical procedures and the onset of meningitis was 2-15 days (mean 6.25 days). The most consistent clinical features were fever and deterioration of consciousness level. Emergence of extended spectrum beta ...
Zhang Juan J Department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to review all cases in literature in which the clinical manifestations of myasthenia gravis (MG) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) were presented in the same patient including a new case of our own and identify the clinical characteristics and possible mechanisms of this syndrome. We ...
Basir Babar B Department of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, United - - 2013
The investigators review the electrocardiographic manifestations of hiatal hernia and describe the case of an 86-year-old male who presented with a large distended hiatal hernia causing electrocardiographic findings of new onset ST segment elevation of the inferior leads without reciprocal changes. After decompression, the patient's electrocardiogram demonstrated resolution of the ...
Fisher Laura A - - 2013
According to US military data, airway obstruction is the third leading cause of possibly preventable death in combat. In the absence of law enforcement-specific medical training, military experience has been translated to the law enforcement sector. The purpose of this study was to determine whether airway obstruction represents a significant ...
Pirch J - - 2013
The question of whether instantaneous rigor mortis (IR), the hypothetic sudden occurrence of stiffening of the muscles upon death, actually exists has been controversially debated over the last 150 years. While modern German forensic literature rejects this concept, the contemporary British literature is more willing to embrace it. We present the ...
Leyva P - - 2013
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare polymicrobial infection that can be life-threatening. It is a rapidly progressive inflammatory process affecting the deep fascia, with secondary necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue. It is characterized by its fulminant course and its high mortality rate. Most cases of NF affect the abdomen, groin, ...
Ahmad Syed A - - 2013
The incidence of clonidine overdose is increasing worldwide, possibly because of the broadening of indications to include several psychiatric conditions, yet there is a paucity of new information regarding treatment options for clonidine toxicity. We report a case in whom naloxone was used and discuss the literature on this topic. ...
Chen Hui-Lan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Enterobacter species has emerged as an important pathogen of nosocomial bacteremia. The purpose of this study is to review the clinical characteristics of bacteremia in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of patients (under the age of 18 years) having Enterobacter bacteremia who were ...
Gupta Meera - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We report a novel approach to mortality review using a 360° survey and a multidisciplinary mortality committee (MMC) to optimize efforts to improve inpatient care. METHODS: In 2009, a 16-item, 360° compulsory quality improvement survey was implemented for mortality review. Descriptive statistics were performed to compare the responses by ...
Kanis Margaux J - - 2013
Trocar site herniation is a well-known potential complication of minimally invasive surgery. We present the cases of two herniations after use of 5-mm non-bladed balloon trocars. In both patients, surgical management was required, with no subsequent sequelae to date. The hernias were attributed to excessive fascial stretching and compression by ...
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