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Yuan Shi-Min - - 2013
Postpartum aortic dissection is a rare but lethal event. Until now, only a limited number of cases have been reported, and a comprehensive literature review from 1988 to 2012 yielded 27 cases. Postpartum aortic dissection occurred between Day 1 and Day 42 after delivery, either vaginally or by cesarean section. ...
Prayulsatien Weerapong - - 2013
Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon (C7H8) found in gasoline, acrylic paints, varnishes, lacquers, paint thinners, adhesives, and shoe polish. Toluene toxicity can occur from unintentional or deliberate inhalation of fumes, ingestion, or transdermal absorption. Unintentional exposure to high concentrations of toluene results in severe toluene intoxication. This is a report ...
Raghu Kondle K Department of Emergency Medicine, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Paraquat (1, r-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridium dichloride), a brown syrupy liquid is an effective herbicide that has low chronic toxicity because of its rapid deactivation on contact with soil. A high dose of paraquat or severe poisoning has a poor prognosis. At present there is no specific antidote to paraquat poisoning, hence the ...
Behera C - - 2013
Suicide notes are usually written by the victim on paper or readily accessible things such as notebooks, walls or mirrors. Though writing may be found on the body of the deceased, suicide notes in a structured manner written on the palm have not been reported in forensic literature. In all ...
Shenouda Michael - - 2013
Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory arteriopathy of unknown etiology with life-threatening manifestations. With advances in endovascular techniques, SAM is increasingly being managed without the need for major surgery. A systematic review of the literature published on SAM between 1976 and 2012 was performed, focusing on arterial involvement, ...
Wolf Barbara C - - 2013
Florida's climate is suitable for many potentially hazardous animals, including both indigenous and exotic species, which are frequently kept as in zoos or as pets. This has resulted in many unforeseen fatal encounters between animals and the ever expanding human population. While the literature and knowledge pool for more common ...
Cain Rachel B - - 2013
Background: Hibernomas are rare, benign tumors of brown adipose tissue uncommonly found in the head and neck. Methods: A review of the English literature was conducted. We present a series of 2 laryngeal hibernomas treated with transoral laser microsurgical resection at a tertiary referral center over a period of 18 ...
Price David - - 2013
Hypocalcaemia is a rare complication of calcium channel blocker overdose, having been reported only once previously [1]. In this paper, we report a case of a 37-year-old female who developed hypocalcaemia after a verapamil overdose, review the literature and propose a mechanism for this rare finding. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) ...
Ottenhausen Malte - - 2013
Background and Importance Even though dilated Virchow-Robin spaces (VRS) are a very rare entity, they can compel the clinician to start immediate intervention in the case of acute onset of symptoms. To allow a well-balanced management decision, we compiled a summary of all cases published in the literature and discuss ...
Wei Dengming - - 2013
We report a case of a 30-year-old woman who suddenly collapsed after having a physical altercation with her husband. Despite immediate resuscitation, she died on arrival at the hospital. The victim's parents requested an autopsy because they believed that their daughter was killed by her husband. Postmortem examination revealed that ...
Advenier Anne-Sophie - - 2013
We report a case of lethal acute aortic dissection revealed by a large ecchymotic area at the root of the neck; the subject was an 86-year-old man who died suddenly in his hospital room. His medical history included ischemic heart disease with pacemaker implantation and an aortic surgical prosthesis. Forensic ...
Steck Nicole - - 2013
Legal in some European countries and US states, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia remain under debate in these and other countries. The aim of the study was to examine numbers, characteristics, and trends over time for assisted dying in regions where these practices are legal: Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, ...
Cesta Toni - - 2013
In this month's Case Management Insider we have begun to review the case management process. The process has a total of eight steps, and we have completed our review of six of them. Next month we will continue with the final two steps in the case management process and also ...
Teo Aic - - 2013
The emergency department of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary receives around 68,000 new adult admissions annually. All poisoning cases are admitted to a 14-bedded short-stay ward, except those admitted to intensive care or immediately discharged. This study aimed to analyse epidemiological trends and management of short-stay ward admissions for poisonings. Adult (>13 ...
Cullis Ps - - 2013
Dipyridamole intoxication is rare and few reports exist amongst the current literature. A case of dipyridamole and paracetamol overdose is described in a previously healthy 58-year-old woman, which resulted in multi-organ failure requiring dialysis, inotropic support, ventilation and extensive surgical intervention for small bowel ischaemia. This case highlights the dangers ...
McLean Maxwell - - 2013
In England and Wales, doctors are charged with a responsibility either to report a death to the coroner or issue a medical certificate specifying cause of death. A lack of formal prescriptive or presumptive oversight has resulted in the promulgation by individual coroners of local reporting regimes. The study reported ...
Matzek Brett A - - 2013
Traumatic dislocation of the testicle is a rare injury that may result from blunt abdominopelvic trauma. The majority of cases reportedly occur in young adults secondary to severe scrotal trauma during high-speed motorcycle crashes. Our review of the available English medical literature revealed only one pediatric case. We present a ...
Sanchez-Jimenez Erick Francisco - - 2013
To review the initial presentation and demonstrate the importance of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. A PubMed search using the terms "Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC)" and "apical ballooning syndrome" yielded 211 publications. Only those that were relevant were fully reviewed. The gender, age, precipitating stressor, main complaint at presentation, electrocardiogram (ECG) at admission and ...
Mazzola Francesca - - 2013
Child Death Overview Panels (CDOP) provide a multidisciplinary and confidential forum to learn from and reduce deaths in those under 18 years. How well they perform and how to improve their effectiveness is a question posed at both local and national levels in England. With this in mind, this study ...
Cozijnsen Luc - - 2013
We report a case of a 66-year-old man with multiple thoracoabdominal mycotic aortic aneurysms caused by Streptococcus agalactiae (S agalactiae). The infectious aortitis (IA) was diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography and computed tomography and confirmed by positive blood cultures. The patient was treated with antibiotics, but, after worsening of the aortitis, ...
Thornton Stephen L - - 2013
The use of oral antineoplastic agents in nonmedical settings continues to increase. There are limited data available on pediatric exposures to these agents. We sought to identify characteristics of such exposures. We performed a retrospective review of database of a statewide poison system from 2000 to 2009 for all cases ...
Ishida Tokiko - - 2013
An ectopic cervical thymus is a rare congenital anomaly that can be located anywhere along the developmental pathway of thymic descent. Most lesions manifest as a cystic mass and have an indolent course. Two fatal cases associated with ectopic cervical thymus in the form of a solid mass are presented ...
Keshtkar-Jahromi Maryam - - 2013
The presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) in Iran was first identified in studies of livestock sera and ticks in the 1970s, but the first human infection was not diagnosed until 1999. Since that time, the number of cases of CCHF in Iran has markedly increased. Through January 2012, ...
Nentwig Wolfgang - - 2013
During a two-year study, all spider bites recorded by Swiss primary care physicians were reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre and all collected spiders were identified. A total of 14 verified spider bites were recorded, involving five species from four families: Zoropsis spinimana (five cases), Cheiracanthium punctorium (four cases), ...
Radojevic Nemanja - - 2013
The varieties of luetic clinical polymorphism are countless in nature. In this regard, an autopsy case of a 72-year-old vagrant who accidentally succumbed to carbon-monoxide poisoning is here presented and reviewed. The autopsy revealed the highly unusual finding of asymptomatic syphilitic necrosis of spleen followed by luetic mesaortitis, a single-skin ...
Peres Luiz Cesar - - 2013
Hirschsprung enterocolitis (HEC) is an uncommon, albeit well known, complication of Hirschsprung disease (HD). It is multifactorial and can appear in different age groups, but is particularly important in the neonatal period where it is characteristically seen in full-term neonates. Two cases of HEC are reported that were diagnosed at ...
De-Giorgio Fabio - - 2013
Acetaminophen or paracetamol, a commonly used over-the-counter analgesic, is known to elicit severe adverse reactions when taken in overdose, chronically at therapeutic dosage or, sporadically, following single assumptions of a therapeutic dose. Damage patterns including liver damage and, rarely, acute tubular necrosis or a fixed drug exanthema. We present a ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2013
It is estimated that approximately one in four people know someone who has taken their own life and that one suicide death leaves six or more suicide survivors. The aim of this paper was to review the literature regarding the association between suicide and bereavement, focusing also on the supportive ...
Krishnan Prasad - - 2013
Spinal arteriovenous fistulas are rare entities. They often present with congestive myelopathy but are infrequently diagnosed as the cause of the patients' symptoms. Only one such case has been described previously in Indian literature. We describe one such case who presented to us after a gap of 3 years since ...
Khan Fahmi Yousef FY Department of Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, - - 2013
We report four cases of nosocomial E. coli meningitis, in male patients with accidental and neurosurgical trauma. The interval between accidents/neurosurgical procedures and the onset of meningitis was 2-15 days (mean 6.25 days). The most consistent clinical features were fever and deterioration of consciousness level. Emergence of extended spectrum beta ...
Zhang Juan J Department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to review all cases in literature in which the clinical manifestations of myasthenia gravis (MG) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) were presented in the same patient including a new case of our own and identify the clinical characteristics and possible mechanisms of this syndrome. We ...
Basir Babar B Department of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, United - - 2013
The investigators review the electrocardiographic manifestations of hiatal hernia and describe the case of an 86-year-old male who presented with a large distended hiatal hernia causing electrocardiographic findings of new onset ST segment elevation of the inferior leads without reciprocal changes. After decompression, the patient's electrocardiogram demonstrated resolution of the ...
Fisher Laura A - - 2013
According to US military data, airway obstruction is the third leading cause of possibly preventable death in combat. In the absence of law enforcement-specific medical training, military experience has been translated to the law enforcement sector. The purpose of this study was to determine whether airway obstruction represents a significant ...
Pirch J - - 2013
The question of whether instantaneous rigor mortis (IR), the hypothetic sudden occurrence of stiffening of the muscles upon death, actually exists has been controversially debated over the last 150 years. While modern German forensic literature rejects this concept, the contemporary British literature is more willing to embrace it. We present the ...
Leyva P - - 2013
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare polymicrobial infection that can be life-threatening. It is a rapidly progressive inflammatory process affecting the deep fascia, with secondary necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue. It is characterized by its fulminant course and its high mortality rate. Most cases of NF affect the abdomen, groin, ...
Ahmad Syed A - - 2013
The incidence of clonidine overdose is increasing worldwide, possibly because of the broadening of indications to include several psychiatric conditions, yet there is a paucity of new information regarding treatment options for clonidine toxicity. We report a case in whom naloxone was used and discuss the literature on this topic. ...
Chen Hui-Lan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Enterobacter species has emerged as an important pathogen of nosocomial bacteremia. The purpose of this study is to review the clinical characteristics of bacteremia in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of patients (under the age of 18 years) having Enterobacter bacteremia who were ...
Gupta Meera - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We report a novel approach to mortality review using a 360° survey and a multidisciplinary mortality committee (MMC) to optimize efforts to improve inpatient care. METHODS: In 2009, a 16-item, 360° compulsory quality improvement survey was implemented for mortality review. Descriptive statistics were performed to compare the responses by ...
Kanis Margaux J - - 2013
Trocar site herniation is a well-known potential complication of minimally invasive surgery. We present the cases of two herniations after use of 5-mm non-bladed balloon trocars. In both patients, surgical management was required, with no subsequent sequelae to date. The hernias were attributed to excessive fascial stretching and compression by ...
Stevens Michael H - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To reexamine the cause of Beethoven's hearing loss because of significant recent articles. DATA SOURCES: Medical and musical literature online, in print, and personal communication. METHODS: Relevant literature review. RESULTS: Evidence of otosclerosis is lacking because close gross examination of Beethoven's middle ears at autopsy did not find any ...
Ren Xianqing - - 2013
Cases of Henoch-Schönlein purpura and purpura nephritis accompanied by pulmonary hemorrhage are rare. Mild cases are easily ignored due to a lack of evident bleeding, and severe cases may be fatal. We have only treated one patient with Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSPN), a female child. The clinical manifestations were not evident, ...
Saravu Kavitha - - 2013
Paraquat is a bipyridilium herbicide used widely in our country and is a highly toxic compound. A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency department of our tertiary care hospital in South India with the history of alleged consumption of paraquat poison. Since there is dearth of high quality ...
Qurashi Hala E A HE Department of Internal Medicine, Royal Commission Medical Center, Yanbu, Al-Sinaiyah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2013
The powder of henna plant (Lawsonia inermis Linn.) is extensively used as a decorative skin paint for nail coloring and as a hair dye. Most reports of henna toxicity have been attributed to adding a synthetic dye para-phenylenediamine (PPD). PPD is marketed as black henna added to natural henna to ...
Antonio Ana Carolina Peçanha AC Hospital Mãe de Deus, Porto Alegre, Brazil. - - 2013
In view of the tragic fire at a nightclub in the city of Santa Maria, Brazil, which culminated in the sudden death of 232 young people, we decided to review the literature regarding smoke inhalation injury caused by enclosed-space fires, which can be divided into direct thermal damage, carbon monoxide ...
Vine Ruth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the intent and process of reviews undertaken following the death by suicide of an inpatient and suggest possible improvements. METHOD: The current processes of review undertaken in Victoria following the death by suicide of an inpatient were considered in the context of a review of unnatural, unexpected ...
La Harpe Romano - - 2013
We have conducted a retrospective study of all gunshot deaths that occurred in Geneva, Switzerland, over a 10-year period (2001-2010). The 133 cases reviewed were classified according to the manner of death, that is, suicide (106 cases), homicide (25 cases), and accident (2 cases). Various data from police authorities and ...
Ananda Sunnassee - - 2013
Barium is an alkaline earth metal which has a variety of uses including in the manufacturing industry and in medicine. However, adverse health effects and fatalities occur due to absorption of soluble barium compounds, notably the chloride, nitrate, and hydroxide, which are toxic to humans. Although rare, accidental and suicidal ...
Rose R F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is increasing in incidence but mortality rates are low. Identifying high-risk tumours is important when rationalising clinical review for patients with cSCC. OBJECTIVES: To assess accuracy of death certification in cases of reported fatal cSCC and identify risk factors for fatal cSCC. METHODS: A ...
Goodman David - - 2013
Abstract This article reviews some of the current challenges for maternal death review in the United States, describes key findings from an assessment of U.S. capacity for conducting maternal death reviews, and introduces a new Maternal Mortality Initiative that aims to develop standardized guidelines for state- or city-based maternal deaths ...
Selvakumar Ambika - - 2013
Sphenoid sinus mucocele comprises only 2% of all paranasal sinus mucoceles. In literature, there is a case report on sphenoidal mucocele causing bilateral optic neuropathy, with unilateral partial recovery and cranial nerve palsy, but we did not come across any literature with bilateral optic neuropathy and ophthalmoplegia together caused by ...
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