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Papadimitriou Konstantinos - - 2012
Aromatase inhibitors are widely used as one of the main treatment options of both early and advanced hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Unfortunately, musculoskeletal symptoms are often presented in patients treated with aromatase inhibitors (AIs), and, although the pathogenesis is unknown, postulated mechanisms have been described. Herein, to ...
Chang Hui-Min - - 2012
Noncirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) has recently been reported as a liver complication in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and has been found to be associated with exposure to didanosine. Here, we describe the case of an HIV-infected patient with portal hypertension who initially presented with massive ascites and portal vein ...
Young Mark J - - 2012
The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a relatively new regional anesthesia technique that provides analgesia to the parietal peritoneum as well as the skin and muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. It has a high margin of safety and is technically simple to perform, especially under ultrasound guidance. A ...
- - 2012
There is more to asserting the 'impeccable quality' of an examination than reporting the percentage of candidates that passed 'looked about right'.
Conzo Giovanni - - 2011
Splenic abscess (SA) is an uncommon disease, with a reported incidence of 0.14-0.7% in autopsies in Western countries and a dismal prognosis if not properly treated. In Tropical countries, where sickle cells anaemia is widespread, SA shows a higher incidence related to the fact that patients have a predisposition to ...
Gonçalves F S - - 2011
The aim of the present paper was to review the literature concerning the dimensional stability of dental elastomeric impression materials, to support recommendations to control the variables that influence the accuracy of these materials. An electronic search of the Scopus and PubMed databases was performed in November 2010. Articles were ...
Singal Rikki - - 2011
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is a destructive inflammatory disease of the gallbladder, rarely involving adjacent organs and mimicking an advanced gallbladder carcinoma. The diagnosis is usually possible only after pathological examination. We are reporting two of such rare cases in female patients attending our institute. In both patients xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis was diagnosed ...
Liu W - - 2011
We report a case of multiple myeloma associated with light-chain amyloidosis in a 62-year old woman. The patient came to hospital with the main complaint of epigastric pain and gastroscopy showed gastric retention. The patient had been diagnosed with multiple myeloma associated with light-chain amyloidosis after biopsy of the gastric ...
Schoofs G - - 2011
Rhabdomyosarcomas are malignant tumors that display features of striated muscle differentiation. They are the most common soft-tissue sarcomas among children and young adults. In mature adults however there are very rare. The liver as a primary site in adults has only been described in 12 cases. We report a case ...
Iaselli F - - 2011
Niemann-Pick disease type B is caused by a deficiency in acid sphingomyelinase activity; among the six variants of Niemann-Pick disease known to date, it is the most frequently associated with lung involvement, a major cause of morbidity and mortality in this subtype in patients of all ages. Nevertheless, the vast ...
Huynh Nhi - - 2011
Erythema ab igne (EAI) is a rare condition since the advent of central heating. Its incidence has been rising as heating sources are being used to treat chronic pain. Multiple activities that chronically expose patients to heating sources also have been documented with this condition. We present a case of ...
Winder Priscilla L PL Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution at Florida Atlantic University, Center for Marine Biomedical and Biotechnology Research, 5600 U.S. 1 North, Fort Pierce, FL 34946, USA. - - 2011
Lithistid sponges are known to produce a diverse array of compounds ranging from polyketides, cyclic and linear peptides, alkaloids, pigments, lipids, and sterols. A majority of these structurally complex compounds have very potent and interesting biological activities. It has been a decade since a thorough review has been published that ...
Borman Pinar - - 2011
Ankylosing spondylitis is reported to involve not only the joints but neurologic systems as well. The association of MS and AS has rarely been reported in the literature and epidemiological studies did not prove a definite relationship between these two conditions at present. We here describe a HLA-B 27 positive ...
Lawal A O - - 2011
Ameloblastoma is the most common odontogenic tumour. The tumour has been described as a benign but locally invasive polymorphic neoplasm. Hybrid lesions have been described, which combine histological features of desmoplastic and conventional ameloblastoma. The hybrid ameloblastoma is rare and only few cases have been reported worldwide. We present two ...
Lee Jae Jeong - - 2011
Congenital absence of the cruciate ligament is an extremely rare condition that was first reported in Giorgi's radiographic study in 1956. The authors report on a case of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction performed on a 21-year-old female patient with congenital anterior cruciate ligament absence. We also discuss radiographic evidence that ...
Dziadzio Magdalena - - 2011
We describe a patient with a history of longstanding primary generalised epilepsy, on anticonvulsant therapy, who presented with fever, headache, worsening seizures and hallucinations. Among various investigations, the patient had high CSF protein and ACE levels, leptomeningeal nodular enhancement on MRI brain and non-caseating granulomas in the brain and meninges ...
Lee Chang Ho - - 2011
Torsion of a mucocele of the vermiform appendix is an extremely rare condition and also a rare cause of an acute abdomen with a clinical presentation that is indistinguishable from acute appendicitis, and thus, the condition is diagnosed during operation. Here, the authors describe the case of a 78-year-old female, ...
Howard Nicholas - - 2012
We present a case of subacute obstruction in a 49 years old lady due to colo-colonic intussusception secondary to a lipoma. We describe the difficulties in diagnosis and management of this rare cause of bowel obstruction and review the literature on adult intussusceptions.
Pilkington Karen - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the methods used in systematic reviews of safety across a range of complementary therapies to assess the variation in approach and the potential for developing guidance on conduct and reporting. Systematic reviews focusing on safety were retrieved from NHS Evidence and searches ...
Karaman Ibrahim - - 2011
A male infant presented at birth with intestine and liver herniated through a defect 3 cm below the left nipple on the anterior thoracic wall. Riedel lobe, attached to the left liver lobe, and the transverse colon were seen protruding through the defect at the region of the left eighth ...
Bazzichi L - - 2011
Fibromyalgia is a common syndrome characterised by widespread pain and a constellation of other symptoms and overlapping conditions that contribute to complicate the diagnosis, the assessment and the treatment. Furthermore, the etiological causes for the moment only consist of assumptions, and the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms still remain to be clarified. ...
Singh Jagjit - - 2011
We are reporting a very unusual case of unilateral lower limb gangrene in 12 days neonate, who was brought to us with bluish discoloration of left foot with gangrene of toes. A negative sepsis screen, normal Doppler study, normal magnetic resonance angiography and absence of evidence of hypercoagulable state prompted ...
Gough Ethan - - 2011
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a gastrointestinal disease believed to be causally related to perturbations to the intestinal microbiota. When standard treatment has failed, intestinal microbiota transplantation (IMT) is an alternative therapy for patients with CDI. IMT involves infusing intestinal microorganisms (in a suspension of healthy donor stool) into the ...
Passoglou V - - 2011
Diastematomyelia is a relatively rare congenital abnormality presenting as a sagittal separation of the spinal cord. Although cases of diastematomyelia have been previously reported, fully documented approaches by both prenatal and postnatal diagnostic workup are rare in the literature. We present a fully studied case of diastematomyelia type I investigated ...
Kodzo-Grey Venyo A - - 2011
Paratesticular liposarcomas are uncommon and in view of this most practitioners would be unfamiliar with the diagnosis and management. To report a case of paratesticular liposarcoma, a rare tumour and to review the literature on paratesticular liposarcoma. A 77-years old man with paratesticular liposarcoma originating from the left spermatic cord ...
Caiazzo P - - 2011
Most cases of Meckel's diverticulum (MD) are asymptomatic and discovered by chance. Management of MD is controversial. The authors describe an exceptional case of intestinal obstruction caused by a giant MD in a patient who had previously undergone appendectomy. A review of the contradictory literature on this subject leads to ...
Balducci Mario - - 2011
Background. Spermatic cord sarcomas are rare. The therapeutic approach is based only on case reports and small series. The standard treatment is radical orchiectomy with wide local resection, while the role of adjuvant therapies is not clear. We present a case of fibrosarcoma of the spermatic cord treated with surgery ...
Tung Lm - - 2011
The most dreaded complication of a colonoscopy is colonic perforation. Perforation of the small bowel following colonoscopy is extremely rare, especially if the procedure was performed without any therapeutic intervention. Herein we report a case of jejunal perforation following a routine surveillance colonoscopy. A literature review focusing on the proposed ...
Andrei S - - 2011
The spleen in rarely the place for solid, non-haematological tumors, isolated splenic metastases from adenocarcinomas being extremely rare findings, regardless of the origin and the histological type of the primary tumor. We present the case of a female patient with isolated splenic metastasis diagnosed by abdominal computer tomography at only ...
Casper David J - - 2011
The eccrine poroma is an uncommon benign neoplasm previously thought to originate solely from the eccrine sweat gland. Initially believed to present on hairless acral surfaces, a more extensive distribution has been described. We report a case of a 55-year-old man with a slowly growing, 6-cm eccrine poroma on the ...
Kulczycki Andrzej - - 2011
A systematic review of the research literature on honor killings in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) indicates a paucity of studies relative to the presumed magnitude of the problem. Forty articles were reviewed and critically appraised, of which only 9 contained primary data and 11 presented original secondary ...
Arkoulis Nikolaos - - 2012
Enterobius vermicularis or "pinworm" infection of the liver is an extremely rare condition with only five cases previously reported in literature. It is characterized by the presence of granulomas in the liver with a necrotic core, containing adult helminthes or their ova. Because of the relatively mild symptomatology associated with ...
Bakhshi Girish D - - 2011
Primary schwannoma of the adrenal gland is a rare tumour and only one case is described in Indian literature. We report the clinical, pathological and radiological features of adrenal schwannoma discovered accidentally in a 34 years old female as part of gynaecology work-up.
Arvind Nand Kishore - - 2011
Testicular vein syndrome (TVS) is a rare cause of ureteral obstruction. Only 5 previous cases are on record in the literature, and no review exists on this topic to date. Laparoscopic treatment has never been mentioned in the management of TVS. We reviewed the literature related to this unusual entity ...
Wohadlo Łukasz Ł Department of Surgical Oncology, Oncology Center, M. Skłodowska-Curie Memorial Institute in - - 2011
The paper presents a case report of coexisting multifocal colorectal cancer and multifocal carcinoid of the small intestine. Our literature review did not demonstrate any report of such case. We emphasize necessity of careful inspection of abdominal cavity during any surgical procedure since small lesions, in particular in the small ...
Mamoon Nadira - - 2011
Yolk sac tumour is germ cell tumour commonly found in children and infants under three years of age in its pure form with a good prognosis. The commonest location for the yolk sac tumour is gonads i.e. testis and gonads. Yolk sac tumour is rarely reported in extra- gonadal locations. ...
Alayón-Laguer Diógenes - - 2011
We report the case of a male Hispanic patient with a left lower lung mass that invaded the left pulmonary vein associated with left intra atrial tumor mass extension. Pathology diagnosis was consistent with an Angiosarcoma that upon correlation with pattern of growth and dissemination, was considered to be of ...
Fadzil F - - 2011
A Median Occipital Condyle is a rare occurrence. We have not found any clinical studies in the literature and myelopathy due to a median condyle has been reported once before. Myelopathy due to anomalies of the craniovertebral junction is rare in neurosurgical practice. We describe a case of a 72-year-old ...
Mandong B M - - 2011
BCKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma is one of the most frequent soft tissue sarcomas in children. It constitutes a unique group of soft tissue sarcomas found in children, primarily infants, toddlers and preschool pupils. The purpose of this review is to examine all the cases of histologically confirmed childhood rhabdomyosarcomas; to re-examine the ...
Gude Dilip - - 2011
Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare lesion of unclear etiology reported in various organs. Although mostly benign, these tumors may pose a therapeutic challenge in cases of recurrence. We report the case of a young male who presented with a clinical and radiological picture suggestive of a malignancy in the ...
El-Herte Rima I - - 2011
An 18-year-old female presented with a ten days history of high grade fever, chills and pain of the left sacroiliac joint. The patient has systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is on chronic immunosuppressive therapy (steroids, antimalarial and antimetabolites). Imaging of the left sacroiliac joint revealed inflammation. Blood cultures and an ...
McNamara Erin R - - 2011
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of well-designed and executed randomized controlled trials have the potential to provide the highest levels of evidence to support diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in urology. The role of systematic reviews in the urological literature is described. A three-step appraisal of the validity, magnitude and applicability of ...
Borzabadi-Farahani Ali - - 2012
Accessory maxillary jaws are extremely rare occurrences. Currently, there is only 1 report of bilateral accessory maxillary jaws in the English-language literature. We present a case of a 7-year-old girl with bilateral bony exostoses extending from the maxillary tuberosities. The patient also had restricted protrusive and lateral excursive movements of ...
Aggarwal Anshul - - 2011
Sialolithiasis is the second most common disease of the salivary glands. Sialolithiasis accounts for the most common cause of salivary gland obstruction, leading to recurrent painful swelling of the involved gland, which often becomes worse while eating. Sialoliths can occur in any of the salivary glands but appear most frequently ...
Gerretsen Philip - - 2011
Anosognosia or lack of illness awareness is a clinical manifestation of both schizophrenia and right hemispheric lesions associated with stroke, neurodegeneration, or traumatic brain injury. It is thought to result from right hemispheric dysfunction or interhemispheric disequilibrium, which provides a neuroanatomical model for illness unawareness in schizophrenia. Lack of insight ...
Grasso Emanuele - - 2011
We present a case of spontaneus small bowel volvulus in an adult patients who presented to the emergency department. In this case we had no obvious precipitating factors. A man of 72 years, was transferred to our hospital after being examined and diagnosed with acute pain. Over the past two ...
Bhandari G P - - 2011
The Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) control program in Nepal launched in 1993 includes provision of free diagnostic test, treatment along with vector control by indoor residual spraying. However, even after 14 years the disease is far from being controlled. Elimination of VL by 2015 has recently been identified as a regional ...
Chisholm Kara A - - 2011
The Charcot joint, or Charcot neuroarthropathy, is a syndrome that was described over 140 years ago but one with very little exposure in the neurologic literature. We present a case recently seen and then discuss the history, epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical features, and diagnosis of acute and chronic Charcot joint disease ...
Villari Craig R - - 2012
Delivery of topical therapy is a mainstay in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Ethmoid sinus stenting has recently been introduced as a minimally invasive mechanism to deliver medication. We review available literature on ethmoid stenting and present a case report involving orbital violation and a fixed, dilated pupil. Case ...
Thanasumpun Thunchai - - 2011
The objective of the evidence base review was to systematically evaluate the literature to elucidate the potential role of oral antifungal therapy in management of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and its subtypes. Articles for inclusion were identified by query of appropriate search terms in the PubMed database. The articles were reviewed ...
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