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Indorato Francesca F Laboratory of Forensic Toxicology, Section of Legal Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Biology and Genetics, Legal Medicine, Neurosciences, Diagnostic Pathology, Hygiene and Public Health, "GF Ingrassia", University of Catania, Via S. Sofia, 87, Comparto 10, 95123, Catania, Italy, - - 2014
Deaths after ingestion of hydrogen peroxide (HP) are very rare, but poisoning due to consumption of HP is not uncommon. Most HP exposure involves common household-strength (3 %) HP and is usually benign. Even if it is not generally considered to be a poison, it can cause accidental death. HP results ...
Filler Guido G University of Western Ontario, Children's Hospital, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, London Health Sciences Centre, Department of Paediatrics , 800 Commissioners Road East, London, ON N6A 5W9 , - - 2014
Introduction: To discuss the significance of the recent observational case series from the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre (STIC). Mycophenolic acid (MPA) and its prodrug mycophenolate mofetil are immunosuppressive agents that are frequently prescribed in renal transplant recipients, and their safety profiles must be established. Areas covered: This case series and ...
Ghermandi R R Department of Oncological and Degenerative Spine Surgery, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna, Italy. - - 2014
Familial dysautomonia (FD, or Riley-Day syndrome) is a rare but fatal autosomal recessive peripheral neuropathy caused by a point mutation in I-κ-B kinase complex associated protein (IKBCAP) gene. The disease, that affects primarily people of Ashkenazi Jewish origin, prejudices the development of primary sensory neurons determining depletion of autonomic and ...
Begum Jasmina J Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mahatama Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute , Puducherry, India - - 2014
Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of global maternal mortality and morbidity, accounting for 25-30% of all maternal deaths, and 75-90% of these casualties result from uterine atony. Uterine compressive sutures are a well established measure for control of haemorrhage following atonic postpartum haemorrhage, when medical and nonmedical interventions fail. ...
Melez Ipek Esen IE Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Faculty, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Adnan Menderes Bulvarı, Vatan Caddesi, 34093, Fatih, İstanbul, - - 2014
Homicide-suicide is a tragic phenomenon which typically does not result in a criminal charge or trial. However, correct diagnosis and classification of homicide-suicide cases are important to determine the perpetrators and dynamics of each category properly. The deaths in the homicide-suicide acts can be divided into two categories with respect ...
Ceschi Alessandro A Swiss Toxicological Information Centre, Associated Institute of the University of Zurich , Freiestrasse 16, CH-8032 Zurich , Switzerland +41 44 634 1034 ; +41 44 252 8833 ; - - 2014
Background: Literature regarding acute human toxicity of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) is limited. Objectives: Our objectives were to describe all cases of overdose with MMF or EC-MPS reported to the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre (STIC) or in the literature between 1995 and 2013. Therefore, we performed ...
Behera C C All India Institute of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Filicide-suicide is a special category of homicide-suicide event where the victim(s) are children and the perpetrator is one of the parents or both. It is not extensively documented or adequately defined in literature. In developed countries, shooting is a common method of homicide and suicide. Uses of knives, blunt objects, ...
Hosseini Marzieh M Department of Pathology Lab, Fars Legal Medicine Research Center, Tehran, - - 2014
Thrombosis is caused by abnormalities in the composition of the blood, the quality of the vessel wall, and the nature of the blood flow. Herein, we present four cases of fatal thrombus formation after a trauma, which were missed at clinical diagnosis as the symptoms were misinterpreted. We stress that ...
Francis Joshua R JR Paediatric Infection Management - - 2014
Human infection with Australian Bat Lyssavirus is extremely rare and has not previously been reported in a child. We describe a fatal case of Australian Bat Lyssavirus in an 8-year-old child, and review the literature pertaining to the diagnosis and management of lyssavirus infection with consideration of its applicability to ...
Darracq M A MA Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program , Fresno, CA , - - 2014
Abstract Background. The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and linagliptin are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Given the limited published information regarding human overdoses to these medications, our goal was to characterize such exposures. Methods. A state poison system database ...
Romero Juan Pablo JP Department of Neurology University Hospital "12 de Octubre", Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to assess the extent to which dementia is omitted as a cause of death from the death certificates of patients with dementia. A systematic literature search was performed to identify population-based cohort studies in which all participants were examined or screened for symptoms of ...
Russell Robert R Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
Review of adverse outcomes is an essential element of healthcare governance. For each operational death, the post-mortem is attended by a member of Academic Department of Military Emergency Medicine and the case is assessed by a Mortality Peer Review Panel comprised of Defence Professors and other clinical and technical experts. ...
Wang David Chenhan DC Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To determine the incidence of temporal lobe dysplasia (TLD) detected on prenatal ultrasound in thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) over an 11-year period in a tertiary referral centre. An 11-year retrospective review of perinatal autopsies was performed from 2002 to 2013 to identify cases of TD. The ultrasound images and corresponding reports ...
Russell Jason L JL The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA, - - 2014
DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and linagliptin) are approved for the treatment of diabetes. They are considered safe due to their hyperglycemia dependent mechanism of action. We examined all isolated exposures to DPP-4 inhibitors reported to the National Poison Database System since 2006 to determine if significant toxicity occurs after exposure ...
Isabelle Le Blanc-Louvry LB Department of Forensic Medicine, Rouen University Hospital-Charles Nicolle, 1 rue de Germont, 76031, Rouen-Cedex, - - 2014
Lethal occurrence is exceptional after disopyramide or mianserin poisoning. A case of intentional lethal intoxication with these drugs was reported, as well as a review of the literature. Pre- and postmortem blood concentrations of disopyramide or mianserin were assessed in a woman who died from acute cardiac failure after ingestion. ...
Jin Jin-Lan JL 1 Central Intensive Care Unit, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Jinan University/Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Guangzhou 510220, China ; 2 The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, - - 2014
This report was about a 22-year-old male patient who died from acute and severe septicemic melioidosis. He was initially misdiagnosed as having pneumonia in a local hospital in Hainan but transferred to Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital after ineffective treatment and detection of Burkholderia pseudomallei in his blood sample. Unfortunately, right ...
Ahmad Maleeha M Department of Neurosurgical, The General Infirmary at Leeds , Leeds , - - 2014
We describe the unique case of a 58-year-old woman who presented with right leg radiculopathy caused by an ovarian cyst mimicking lumbar pathology. A review of the literature shows that this is a rare case where a histologically confirmed benign ovarian cystadenoma (of indeterminate type) is shown to cause foot ...
Gioia Sara S From the Section of Legal Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, - - 2014
We present a peculiar autopsy case of a transorbital penetrating head injury, in a male worker, after an accidental fall onto a screw not completely stuck into a wooden board.A 13-cm screw entered the cranium 9.5 cm deep, penetrating with the flat end, a condition defined in literature as "reverse ...
Barbato Vincenzo A VA Palmetto General Hospital/Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine Internal Medicine Residency Program, 2001 West 68 Street, Building #7100; Suite #202, Hialeah, Florida, - - 2014
The case refers to a 73 year old female who presented with splenic infarctions. This was found to be secondary to a floating thrombus in the ascending aorta. There have only been a few cases in literature describing an aortic thrombus without a coagulopathy. After searching the literature we believe ...
Goh Jason J Department of Gastroenterology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Ingested foreign body is an infrequent indication for emergency endoscopy in the adult gastroenterology practice. We describe the clinical features and endoscopic management of the first four cases of accidental ingestion of hijab pins by Muslim women in our unit, all presenting within a 12-month period. The pins were all ...
Veraldi Stefano S University of Milan, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. - - 2014
Cordylobia sp. is a fly belonging to the Calliphoridae family. Three species of Cordylobia are known: C. anthropophaga, C. rodhaini and C. ruandae. The C. rodhaini Gedoelst 1909 lives in Sub-Saharan Africa, especially in rain forest areas. Usual hosts are rodents and antelopes. Humans are accidentally infested. Myiasis caused by ...
Aulet Ricardo Mario RM Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Avenue, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
A case of a 31-year-old male who developed profound sensorineural hearing loss following a heroin overdose is presented. The patient subsequently had a full recovery of his hearing. Other cases of this rare phenomenon are reviewed and management options are discussed.
Val-Bernal José Fernando JF Department of Anatomical Pathology, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Medical Faculty, University of Cantabria and IFIMAV, Santander, Spain; - - 2014
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) represent an uncommon entity most frequently manifested in the pleura. We describe herein two new cases located in the jejunal and sigmoid mesentery incidentally found in patients aged 61 and 32 years. In a review of the literature, we have compiled 15 mesenteric SFTs including our ...
Chaudhary Shyam Chand SC Department of Internal Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Kerosene poisoning is a common poisoning in India especially in childhood, and clinical spectrum can range from meager chemical pneumonitis to grave complications such as hypoxia, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and emphysema. Pyopneumothorax that may require aggressive management in the form of thoracotomy has not been reported in literature. We hereby report ...
Singh Dharam Vir DV Department of Urology, Army Hospital, Research & Referral, Delhi, - - 2014
Encountering a foreign body (FB) in the kidney is uncommon. Most of the time a FB is introduced externally (violence or accident) or through endourological interventions. An ingested FB reaching the kidneys is extremely rare. This article includes an interesting case of FB, which apparently reached the kidney through the ...
Llorens Marina Carlos I - - 2014
Wandering spleen is a rare occurrence where the spleen normal fixation to the abdominal wall is lost and thus allowed to change in position. We report a case of a child who presented with acute abdominal pain secondary to a wandering spleen complicated by torsion of its vascular pedicle. The ...
Niwa Atsushi A Department of Neurology, Mie University School of Medicine, - - 2014
We herein report an autopsy case of relapsing polychondritis encephalitis coexisting with a Lewy body pathology and also review previous autopsy cases. A 59-year-old man exhibited a tremor of the right hand, small-steppage gait and bradykinesia. Five years later, he presented with relapsing auricular chondritis and scleritis and subsequently showed ...
Mizuno Yu Y Department of Neurology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, - - 2014
We herein report the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented with the subacute onset of dementia and subsequently developed abnormal behavior and a gait disturbance. Her condition transiently improved; however, within one month, she became drowsy and poorly responsive, with limb chorea and urinary incontinence. Her history of frequently ...
Mautone Marcela M Monash Medical Centre, Monash Health, 246 Clayton Road, Clayton, Melbourne, VIC 3168, - - 2014
Emphysematous osteomyelitis is a rare but potentially fatal condition that must be considered whenever intraosseous gas is identified on imaging. The organisms implicated in most cases of emphysematous osteomyelitis are anaerobes or members of the Enterobacteriaceae family. Significant comorbidities, such as malignancy and diabetes mellitus, frequently predispose to this condition, ...
Mansour Ossama O Neurology and Endovascular Neurology Department, Alexandria University Hospital, Champlion Street, Alazareeta, Medical Campus, Alexandria 23169, - - 2014
Spontaneous pure acute bilateral subdural haematoma (ASDH) without intraparenchymal or subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by a ruptured cerebral aneurysm is extremely rare. It can follow rupture of different aneurysms specially located in anterior incisural space; the most frequently encountered location is the PcoA aneurysms as demonstrated in the present case. We ...
Lippey Jocelyn F JF Division of General Surgery, The Northern Hospital Epping, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia - - 2014
Chylous ascites is a rare clinical entity that historically has been accompanied by high mortality due to the association with malignancy. Here we present a case of chylous ascites as a complication of mild pancreatitis in a young woman. We review the literature of similar cases, which revealed four similar ...
Akbari Khalid K Forth Valley Royal Hospital, Stirlingshire, UK Department of General Surgery, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, Berkshire, - - 2014
Groin hernia is a common surgical presentation and nearly half of the femoral hernias present acutely with strangulation. The hernia sac usually contains omentum or small bowel. Rarely, the appendix can herniate into the femoral canal. De Garengeot's hernia is the term used to describe the presence of appendicitis in ...
Yan Li L Department of Emergency Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, - - 2014
Coffee is commonly consumed among young people in China. However, consumers are rarely aware of physically adverse effects as a result of excessive consumption of caffeine. A literature search using multiple databases was performed for articles published with concentration on meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and randomized controlled trials. Excess coffee consumption ...
Zhang Tao T Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Neurogenic bladder is one of the most common complications following spinal cord injury (SCI). In China, acupuncture therapy is a common treatment for neurogenic bladder due to SCI, but its effects and safety remain uncertain. A protocol is described for a systematic review to investigate the beneficial effects and safety ...
Quesada Andres E AE Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston - - 2014
Web-based synoptic reporting has been successfully integrated into diverse fields of pathology, improving efficiency and reducing typographic errors. Coagulation is a challenging field for practicing pathologists and pathologists-in-training alike. To develop a Web-based program that can expedite the generation of a individualized interpretive report for a variety of coagulation tests. ...
Ghoseiri Kamiar - - 2014
People with limb amputation deal with thermal stresses in their daily activities. Unfortunately, in the majority of this population, all thermal transfer mechanisms, including convection, radiation, evaporation, and conduction, can be disturbed due to the prosthetic socket barrier, decreased body surface area, and/or vascular disease. The thermal environment inside prosthetic ...
Liu Yali Y Evidence-Based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Clinical Translational Research and Evidence-Based Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou, - - 2014
The QUOROM and PRISMA statements were published in 1999 and 2009, respectively, to improve the consistency of reporting systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) of clinical trials. However, not all SRs/MAs adhere completely to these important standards. In particular, it is not clear how well SRs/MAs of acupuncture studies adhere to reporting ...
Arbab Dariusch D Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Aachen Medical Center, Germany (DA, - - 2013
Background. Isolated peroneus longus tendon tears are rare and represent a frequently overlooked source of lateral ankle pain and dysfunction. Only few cases of isolated peroneus longus tendon tears have been reported and a common treatment algorithm does not exist. The purpose of this study was to give an overview ...
Dua Anisha B AB University of Chicago Medical - - 2013
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by rash, leukocytosis, fevers, and arthralgias. Pulmonary involvement has been reported rarely in AOSD, but acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is extremely rare and potentially fatal and must be recognized as potential manifestation of underlying AOSD. We present a case ...
Schep Leo J LJ National Poisons Centre, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago , Dunedin , New - - 2014
To investigate the death of Alexander the Great to determine if he died from natural causes or was poisoned and, if the latter, what was the most likely poison. OVID MEDLINE (January 1950-May 2013) and ISI Web of Science (1900-May 2013) databases were searched and bibliographies of identified articles were ...
Herbst Jonathon J Department of Pathology, WellStar Cobb Hospital, Austell, GA, - - 2014
Heat waves are not uncommon in Australia, but the event of 2009 was particularly severe and ranks third of the 21 recorded heat wave events in south-eastern Australia in terms of the resulting mortality and morbidity. This is a review of Coronial autopsy findings in South Australia (which has an ...
Wojcik Nancy C NC From ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Inc (Ms Wojcik and Dr Schnatter), Epidemiology & Health Surveillance, Annandale, NJ; and Independent Consultant, Epidemiologist (Dr Huebner), Montclair, - - 2013
This article describes effective strategies for the identification and valid assessment of mortality due to mesothelioma. We manually reviewed all death certificates for mention of mesothelioma for all International Classification of Diseases (ICD) revisions. We tested the accuracy of our ascertainment method by comparing New Jersey death certificate data from ...
O'Higgins Amy C AC UCD Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2013
To carry out a 4-year review of cases of bacteremia among obstetric patients. In a retrospective review, all cases of maternal bacteremia between 2009 and 2012 were identified from the laboratory database of Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. The clinical records of each case were assessed. During ...
Chen Tzu-Hua TH Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, - - 2013
Methanol poisoning is rare in the pediatric population, but a delay in diagnosis and intervention may cause severe morbidity and mortality. The current therapy for methanol poisoning is ethanol or fomepizole, which acts as a competitive inhibitor of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase to inhibit the production of toxic metabolites derived from ...
Garnett Gwendolyn M - - 2013
In cases of Kawasaki's disease (KD) presenting as acute surgical abdomen, rarely has the presence of acute appendicitis been found. We report two cases of histologically confirmed acute appendicitis in the presence of KD and a review of the literature as it pertains to acute abdomen and atypical presentations of ...
Pomara Cristoforo - - 2013
Fatal blast injuries are generally reported in literature as a consequence of the detonation of explosives in war settings. The pattern of lesion depends on the position of the victim in relation to the explosion, on whether the blast tracks through air or water, and whether it happens in the ...
Zhou Qian - - 2013
The present report describes two cases of paraquat poisoning by skin absorption. The cases involved contractual workers who were spraying paraquat in an orchard. Whilst spraying, some solution adhered to their skin. The skin developed erythema followed by blistering and hemorrhaging hemorrhagic diabrosis. Six days later the patients were admitted ...
Jibiki Toshiaki T Department of Pediatrics, Chiba Kaihin Municipal Hospital, Chiba, - - 2013
Acute scrotum is a rare complication of acute Kawasaki disease (KD), less well recognized than other disease manifestations. We describe the cases of two patients, aged 59 months and 19 months, with hydrocele testis in the acute phase of KD. Scrotal ultrasound and trans-illumination were used in the diagnosis of ...
Bonney Asha G AG BC Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Room K4-226, Ambulatory Care Bldg, 4480 Oak St, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4. - - 2013
A 4-year-old girl was brought into the emergency department vomiting after having had ingested a laundry detergent capsule (LDC) from under the sink at her house. What is the risk of LDC poisoning? What can be done to treat these children? Laundry detergent capsules are relatively new to supermarket shelves ...
Mumoli Laura L Department of Science of Health, School of Medicine, University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy ; Pharmacovigilance's Center Calabria Region, University Hospital Mater Domini, Italy ; Institute of Neurology, School of Medicine, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, - - 2013
β-Interferon therapy is known to be a potential trigger of suicidal behavior, but this effect has not been previously reported for other multiple sclerosis (MS) treatments, such as, natalizumab. Here we report the case history of a 32-year-old woman affected by relapsing-remitting MS, who attempted suicide during natalizumab treatment. This ...
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