Search Results
Results 901 - 950 of 1627
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Yaffe Joanne - - 2012
There is no specific guidance for the reporting of Cochrane systematic reviews that do not have studies eligible for inclusion. As a result, the reporting of these so-called "empty reviews" may vary across reviews. This research explores the incidence of empty systematic reviews in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ...
Stewart Lesley - - 2012
Prospective registration of systematic reviews promotes transparency, helps reduce potential for bias and serves to avoid unintended duplication of reviews. Registration offers advantages to many stakeholders in return for modest additional effort from the researchers registering their reviews.
Iusco D R - - 2012
Situs viscerum inversus totalis is a rare defect with a genetic predisposition, which can present difficulties in the management of abdominal pathology, especially in laparoscopic surgery (mirror-image anatomy). We report the case of a 52-year-old female with situs viscerum inversus totalis, known from pediatric age, with a medical history of ...
Gough David - - 2012
This paper argues that the current proliferation of types of systematic reviews creates challenges for the terminology for describing such reviews. Terminology is necessary for planning, describing, appraising, and using reviews, building infrastructure to enable the conduct and use of reviews, and for further developing review methodology. There is insufficient ...
Cornelius J Lotriet - - 2012
The process of manuscript review is a central part of scientific publishing, but has increasingly become the subject of criticism, particularly for being difficult to manage, slow, and time consuming - all of which contribute to delaying publication. To identify potential sources of delays during manuscript review by examining the ...
P Mafi - - 2012
The dynamometer was developed by American neurologists and came into general use in the late 19th century. It is still used in various ways as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in clinical settings. In this systematic review we assessed in detail the different uses of dynamometry, its reliability, different dynamometers ...
Crippa José As JA Department of Neurosciences and Behavior, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo and INCT Translational Medicine (CNPq), Brazil. - - 2012
Cannabis intoxication is related to a number of physical and mental health risks with ensuing social costs. However, little attention has been given to the investigation of possible pharmacological interactions in this condition. To review the available scientific literature concerning pharmacological interventions for the treatment of the acute effects of ...
Wang Dansong - - 2012
Primary small cell carcinoma of the pancreas (SCCP) is a rare malignancy with an extremely poor prognosis which accounts for 1 to 1.4 percent of all pancreatic malignancies. We present the case of a 62-year-old man with a half-month history of upper abdominal discomfort who was diagnosed with SCC of ...
Fattah Sabina S Department of Research and Development, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drobak, - - 2012
In 2010, a total of 385 natural disasters killed more than 297 000 people worldwide and affected over 217 million others. More standardised reporting of major incident management have been advocated in the previous years. Prevention, mitigation, preparedness and major incident response may be improved through collection and analysis of high-quality ...
Aubrey-Bassler F Kris - - 2012
Rupture of the spleen in the absence of trauma or previously diagnosed disease is largely ignored in the emergency literature and is often not documented as such in journals from other fields. We have conducted a systematic review of the literature to highlight the surprisingly frequent occurrence of this phenomenon ...
Rossini Giulia - - 2012
This review analyzed the literature focused on Cone- Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) diagnostic accuracy and efficacy in detecting impacted maxillary canines, and evaluated the possible advantages in using CBCT technique compared with traditional radiographs. PubMed and Embase searches were performed selecting papers since 1998 up to September 2011, moreover reference ...
Qiu Yu - - 2012
Objective. The aim of this overview was to evaluate and summarize Cochrane reviews of traditional Chinese herbal products (TCHPs) as the treatment for coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods. We searched the Cochrane Database that was concerned with the effectiveness of TCHPs for CHD. We also searched the Cochrane Central Register ...
Ait Benali Hicham - - 2012
Extragonadal localization of germ cell tumors (GCTs) is rare; to the best of our knowledge, a location in the soft tissue of the arm has never been previously reported in the literature. We report the case of a 37-year-old man who presented with a primary malignant mixed non-seminomatous GCT (teratocarcinoma ...
Tucker Bethan - - 2012
The menisci disperse the load at the knee joint. Removal of the menisci can lead to osteoarthritis due to the higher load placed on the underlying cartilage. If they become injured it is therefore important to replace or regenerate the meniscus to prevent the progression of osteoarthritis. Many materials have ...
Chotai Silky - - 2012
We describe a rare case of cerebral abscess in an immunocompetent 67-year-old male with Gemella morbillorum as the causative agent. Gemella morbillorum is an aerobic gram positive coccus and is deemed to be a normal inhabitant of the oral cavity. The aim of this report is to introduce Gemella morbillorum ...
Xu L W - - 2012
This case study reports on a rare case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising in the right spermatic cord. An 80-yearold male presented with a 2-week history of a right inguinal mass, with mild pain in the same region. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a mass arising from the right spermatic ...
Dadlani Ravi - - 2012
The "Adeloye-Odeku disease" or congenital dermoid cysts over the anterior fontanelle, is a rare congenital disorder of children initially described in Nigeria. It has been rarely reported in the Indian population (3 cases in 2 reports). These rare lesions are operated on by neurosurgeons in view of their location and ...
Cui Yazhou - - 2012
Little information is available on the prevalence, geographic distribution and mutation spectrum of genetic skeletal disorders (GSDs) in China. This study systematically reviewed GSDs as defined in "Nosology and Classification of genetic skeletal disorders (2010 version)" using Chinese biomedical literature published over the past 34 years from 1978 to 2012. ...
Herrera Angel - - 2012
Orbital mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a very uncommon lesion of the bone and extraskeletal tissue. To our knowledge, approximately 30 cases have been described. We present the case of a 52-year-old male who presented with a history of progressive proptosis and chemosis of the right eye caused by an orbital tumor. ...
Vijayakrishnan Rajakrishnan - - 2012
Most enterococcal endocarditis is caused by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium. Enterococcus durans is a rare member of non-faecalis, non-faecium enterococcal species and is found in the intestines of animals. E durans endocarditis is a very rare infection-only two cases of endocarditis in humans have been reported in the literature-and ...
Zheng Zhenzhen Z Department of Neurology,West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Wai Nan Guo Xue Xiang 37# Sichuan, P.R.China and Prof. M.D. Department of Neurology, University of Bern, Switzerland and University of Sichuan, Chengdu, - - 2012
Knowledge about HD in China is lacking in the international literature. We have therefore analyzed the Chinese literature to thoroughly explore the clinical characteristics of Huntington disease in China. A computer-based online search of China National Knowledge Infrastructure was performed to review case reports concerning HD published between January 1980 ...
Samadian Mohammad - - 2012
Angiosarcoma is a rare tumor of bone that uncommonly involves the skull. Primary neoplasms of the skull represent 2.6% of primary neoplasms of bone. We wish to report a case of angiosarcoma of he skull in an 18-year-old pregnant woman who presented with a rapidly growing left frontotemporal mass. Neuroimaging ...
Mohindra Sandeep S Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. - - 2012
To describe compound elevated fractures (CEFs) of the skull vault, with radiological pictures, management problems and prognosticative factors. The authors describe three cases of CEFs of the cranium, their mode of injury, clinical findings, radiological images and management problems. The authors have reviewed the existing literature regarding epidemiological data, neurological ...
Falgiani Michael - - 2012
We present a case of a potentially lethal ingestion of "Bath Salts." After presentation, we briefly review the epidemiology and pathology of "bath salts" ingestion.
Sharma Dinesh D Department of Radiodiagnosis, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, - - 2012
Adrenal oncocytoma is a rare adrenal neoplasm with only 57 cases reported in literature. Adrenal oncocytomas can achieve large sizes and are usually nonfunctioning. They are detected accidentally during abdominal scans. Most of these adrenal neoplasms are benign. A functioning adrenal oncocytoma manifested with virilization in a 16-year-old female child. ...
Gunes Hamit Feran - - 2012
Intramedullary tumors affecting the entire cord from the cervicomedullary junction to the conus are termed "holocord tumors". Ependymomas are the most frequent intramedullary tumor in adults. Holocord ependymoma is an exceedingly rare condition. An extensive review of the literature revealed that only five other cases have been reported. We report ...
Burjonrappa Sathyaprasad - - 2012
Skip segment Hirschsprung's is an extremely rare condition, with only 25 reported cases in the English language literature. Diagnosis of skip segment Hirschsprung's may be missed as it is rarely suspected at initial surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A case report of an infant with total colonic aganglionosis and a skip ...
Ghosh Satrajit S - - 2012
Peer-reviewed publications are the primary mechanism for sharing scientific results. The current peer-review process is, however, fraught with many problems that undermine the pace, validity, and credibility of science. We highlight five salient problems: (1) reviewers are expected to have comprehensive expertise; (2) reviewers do not have sufficient access to ...
Martel Guillaume - - 2012
Several systematic reviews and meta-analyses populate the literature on the effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer. The utility of this body of work is unclear. The objective of this study was to synthesize all such systematic reviews in terms of clinical effectiveness, to appraise their quality, and to determine ...
Frazelle Michelle R - - 2012
Toothbrushes are commonly used in hospital settings and may harbor potentially harmful microorganisms. A peer-reviewed literature review was conducted to evaluate the cumulative state of knowledge related to toothbrush contamination and its possible role in disease transmission. A systematic review was conducted on adult human subjects through three distinct searches. ...
Hambleton Catherine - - 2012
Myxofibrosarcoma is a common connective tissue neoplasm of malignant fibrocytes in a myxoid matrix favoring the extremities. Like many other tumors of connective tissue, soft tissue sarcoma exhibits high recurrence rates but is rarely known to metastasize. We present a patient with myxofibrosarcoma of the hand with metastases to the ...
Millan Mario - - 2012
Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) has been shown to have an effect on spine-related pain, both clinically and in experimentally induced pain. However, it is unclear if it has an immediate noticeable biomechanical effect on spinal motion that can be measured in terms of an increased range of motion (ROM). To ...
Hussain Tasadooq - - 2012
Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a rare clinico-pathological condition involving many organ systems. Breast involvement with this rare condition reported from a few cases of mastitis has been limited to only microscopic involvement on histology. We would like to report an unusual presentation of this inflammatory process presenting as a solid lump ...
Rynearson Edward K - - 2012
The homicidal death of a loved one is horrific. Dying from homicide can be more sudden, frightening, and stigmatizing than natural dying and may be followed by a sub-type of prolonged grief complicated by vivid narrative reenactment of the dying, intense feelings of remorse, and nihilistic despair. After a literature ...
Cianchetti Marco - - 2012
Background. Paranasal and nasal cavity malignancies are rare tumors that frequently present at advanced stages. Tumor extension and anatomic complexity pose a challenge for their treatment. Due to their peculiar physical and biological properties particle radiation therapy, i.e. protons and ions can have a role in their management. We performed ...
Reverté Vinaixa Maria Mercedes - - 2012
Primary synovial chondromatosis is a proliferation of cartilaginous bodies within the synovial membrane, tendon sheath or bursa. It is a rare orthopaedic entity especially when it occurs in the distal radioulnar joint. We report a 27-year-old man with recurrent synovial chondromatosis, nine years after his first operation. Although rare, synovial ...
Chen Kevin C - - 2012
To describe ocular findings in 3 cases of solar retinopathy using high definition, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and review the literature for optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics associated with worse vision. Case series and retrospective review of clinical features and Spectralis SD-OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Vista, California, United States ...
Chotai Silky P - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common glial tumor of the adult brain. However, the primary GBM of medulla oblongata is a rarity. To the best of our knowledge, only four cases of GBM of medulla oblongata have been reported so far in the literature, and this is the second ...
Beis Jean-Marie - - 2012
We report a case of a 29-year-old woman suffering from chronic factitious disorder (FD) with torsion dystonia. For nearly five years, she traveled widely over the country, going from one hospital to another, taking serious medical risk in order to prolong her illness. After several admissions to Rehabilitation Units and ...
Mettias Bassem B ENT Department, Glan Clwyd Hospital, Rhyl, Denbighshire, - - 2012
Lipomas are common benign tumours but can present in unusual locations. The authors present the rare case of a pedunculated lipoma of the pinnal helix. The lipoma was excised with good cosmetic result. Lipoma of the cartilaginous pinnal helix is rare and has not been described previously in the literature.
Rahman Asifur A Neurosurgery Department, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. - - 2012
Solitary osteochondroma (SOC) of the spine is very rare, though OC is the commonest benign tumour of the bone. Only about 1-4% of SOCs occur in the spine. And solitary ostechondroma of spine causing cord compression is even rarer. These tumours slowly enlarge, creating insidious but progressive symptoms of myelopathy ...
Rami Mohamed - - 2012
Giant cystic lymphangioma is an uncommon mesenteric tumor which is usually reported in children. In this paper, we describe 3 cases, that was admitted in our department, two with abdominal distension, pain, and an abdominopelvic mass; the other present an acute abdomen. Preoperative studies including abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography ...
El-Herte Rima I - - 2012
The spectrum of infections with Nocardia spp. is heterogeneous. It has classically been associated with lung, brain, or skin involvement. We describe an unusual presentation of Nocardia asiatica (N. asiatica) in an Iraqi patient with myasthenia gravis suffering from a disseminated infection and presenting with an anterior mediastinal cystic mass. ...
Shyamsundar Srinivasan - - 2012
Isolated avulsion fracture of the index finger metacarpal is rare. There have been only a few noted in the English literature. A review of literature shows that these injuries occur as a result of avulsion of the tendon of extensor carpi radialis longus. In our report we present a case ...
Al Aboud Ahmad - - 2012
There are many different eponyms in common use in dermatology today, originating from a variety of countries worldwide. This review discusses a selection of dermatological eponyms that are linked to Japan.
Sandewall Erik - - 2012
Open peer review has been proposed for a number of reasons, in particular, for increasing the transparency of the article selection process for a journal, and for obtaining a broader basis for feedback to the authors and for the acceptance decision. The review discussion may also in itself have a ...
Feng Anning - - 2012
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), also named congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), is a congenital abnormality of lung which is uncommon in adults. Here we present 2 adult cases of CCAM with unusual clinical and pathologic findings. One case was complicated with aspergillosis which was seldom reported. The other case ...
Han Yang - - 2012
Genital rhabdomyoma is very rare tumor that usually occurs in the vulvar of young women. Epididymis rhabdomyoma in a young man is extremely uncommon and has rarely been reported. Here, we report a case of epididymis rhabdomyoma of a 17-year-old man and review the literatures.
Alsharief Alaa N AN King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, P,O, Box 59046, Riyadh 11525 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2012
Synovial sarcoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumor mainly arising in the peri-articular tissue in young adults. There are few cases reported in other areas. We report the case of a 29-year-old Saudi woman of Arabian ethnicity with synovial sarcoma arising primarily from the ileum who presented with abdominal pain, ...
Invernizzi Pietro - - 2012
Unlike other autoimmune liver diseases, primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) has never been reported in early childhood, while type 2 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is eminently a paediatric disease. We describe a case of type 2 AIH with serological positivity for PBC-specific anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA) in a 3-year old girl. We found ...
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