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Results 751 - 800 of 1627
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Havens Nicholas S - - 2012
Ehrlichial myocarditis is an unusual finding in nonimmunosuppressed patients. A case of fatal ehrlichiosis with rapidly progressive myocarditis and multiorgan failure from Ehrlichia chaffeensis in a previously healthy adolescent is described.
Shah Akash D - - 2012
Marcus Gunn jaw winking synkinesis (MGJWS) occurs due to an aberrant innervation of the levator palpebrae superioris muscle by a branch of the motor division of the trigeminal nerve that supplies the muscles of mastication. MGJWS is mostly unilateral occurring in isolation and is less frequently associated with ocular or ...
Steenen Serge A - - 2012
Intraoral administration of local anesthetics is one of the most common dental procedures. Ophthalmologic complications can occur after maxillary as well as mandibular local anesthetic injections and may be underreported and sometimes misinterpreted. A review of the literature from the years 1936-2011 shows 131 cases with this type of complication. ...
Steenen Serge A - - 2012
Intraoral administration of local anesthetics is one of the most common dental procedures. Ophthalmologic complications can occur after maxillary as well as mandibular local anesthetic injections and may be underreported and sometimes misinterpreted. A review of the literature from the years 1936-2011 shows 131 cases with this type of complication. ...
Khaliq Waseem W Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5200 Eastern Avenue, MFL Bldg, West Tower 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA. - - 2012
Angiosarcomas are a relatively rare histological subtype of sarcomas and represent <1% of all sarcomas. Prostate angiosarcoma is extremely rare and displays remarkable clinical and pathological heterogeneity. Despite the rarity, it usually presents with dysuria, hematuria, or pelvic pain and represents a treatment challenge. Only nine cases have been reported ...
Cleanthous S - - 2012
Fatigue is one of the most complex and ill understood symptoms of chronic illness often reported as the number one complaint by patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the literature on fatigue in SLE. A pool of 55 relevant articles was ...
Zhang Yu Helen - - 2012
Syringocystadenocarcinoma papilliferum (SCACP) is an exceedingly rare cutaneous adnexal neoplasm, which is typically located in the head and neck, and perianal area. Very few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of SCACP with evident transition to squamous differentiation. A 75-year-old white woman presented with ...
Glick Zoey R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The term "diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis" has been used historically to describe multifocal vascular lesions affecting the skin and viscera in infants. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that many cases reported as diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis did not have infantile hemangiomas (IH), but represented more recently described neonatal vascular diseases. METHODS: A literature ...
Slater Jay E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Nonstandardized allergen extracts have been used for a century. Until 1972, these products were regulated by the National Institutes of Health, and products were not required to have an individualized showing of effectiveness. Jurisdiction was then transferred to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which established external review ...
Villanueva C A - - 2012
Enoxaparin is a low-molecular-weight heparin used in the prevention and treatment of pulmonary thromboembolism and other thrombotic disorders. The most common adverse reactions to enoxaparin are ecchymosis, skin necrosis, urticaria, angioedema, and eczema. The first 2 cases of bullous hemorrhagic dermatosis in areas distant from heparin injection sites were described ...
Sinha Chandrasen K - - 2012
Major loss of penile shaft skin following circumcision has been rarely reported in the paediatric literature and when it occurs is usually due to the injudicious use of monopolar diathermy, infection and poor surgical technique. We report the reconstruction of a penis following complete loss of penile skin due to ...
Harirchian Sanaz - - 2012
Hemangiopericytomas are rare vascular neoplasms of the head and neck. Laryngeal involvement is even more rare, with only 9 previously reported cases in the literature. We present an unusual case of a 46year old with a supraglottic hemangiopericytoma treated surgically. We will review the clinical features and treatment of hemangiopericytomas, ...
Sanverdi S E - - 2012
Injury to the dentato-rubro-olivary pathway causes hypertrophy and enlargement of the inferior olivary nuclei, which is called hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD). To date, adult cases of HOD have usually been reported, and there are only a few individual paediatric cases with limited radiological emphasis in the literature. We present the ...
Liu Yuhe - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Two cases of first branchial cleft fistula with internal opening on the Eustachian tube are reported and the diagnosis, management and embryological hypothesis are discussed. DESIGN: Retrospective study and review of the literature. RESULTS: Both patients were young boys with first branchial cleft anomaly clearly identified by computed tomography ...
Bulwer Chloe - - 2012
We report the unusual case of tear production with painless micturition, only once described in the medical literature in 1932. We report on a 3-year-old girl with painless "watering of her eyes every time she passed urine" present since birth and occasionally associated with a vacant look and dropping of ...
Dulai Parambir S - - 2012
Commonly considered a pulmonary disease, sarcoidosis is actually a multisystemic granulomatous disorder of unclear etiology. There is a wide range of organ system involvement, with gastrointestinal being among the rarest. We describe the diagnostic challenge of a patient presenting with gastritis without pulmonary complaints who was later found to have ...
Caulley Lisa - - 2012
Recurrent periorbital cellulitis is a rare complication of sinus disease. We present a 4-month-old boy with bilateral recurrent periorbital cellulitis and radiological evidence of bilateral bony dehiscence of the lamina papyracea. To our knowledge, this is the youngest documented presentation of recurrent periorbital cellulitis. As well, only unilateral cases have ...
De Ruysscher Dirk D Department of Radiation Oncology, MAASTRO, Maastricht University Medical Center, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Although proton therapy has been used for many decades because of their superior dose distribution over photons and reduced integral dose, their clinical implementation is still controversial. We updated a systematic review of charged particle therapy. Although still no randomised trials were identified, the field is moving quickly and we ...
Petrof G - - 2012
Background  Adult pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) type 1 is a rare chronic papulosquamous disorder with clinical and histological parallels with psoriasis. Treatment is challenging and recent case reports suggest a potential role for tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists. Objectives  Our objective was to systematically review the literature for evidence of ...
Moulin C - - 2012
Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a rare vasculoproliferative disorder due to Bartonella henselae (BH) or Bartonella quintana. It can involve many organs, including the skin, and has been mainly reported in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In organ transplant recipients (OTR), this disorder remains misdiagnosed and therapeutic guidelines are nonexistent. We ...
Desa Valmont - - 2012
Cavernous sinus thrombosis represents a rare but devastating disease process that may be associated with significant long-term patient morbidity or mortality. The prompt recognition and management of this problem is critical. However, most of the literature involves case-specific discussions. The purpose of this article was to review the literature and ...
Collin Yves - - 2012
Abstract Background: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is a serious condition with few cases reported in the literature. Surgical treatment is controversial and may include wound exploration, local drainage, and even mediastinal debridement approached by thoracotomy. Methods: Description of a case of descending mediastinitis caused by group A Streptococcus as a complication ...
Taki Nizar H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland carcinosarcoma is a rare and aggressive malignant mixed tumor in which carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements coexist and metastasize together. The tumor may occur in the background of a preexisting pleomorphic adenoma or may arise de novo. We report a case of a woman presenting with a carcinosarcoma ...
Caceres Manuel - - 2012
We report a patient who received a retrievable G2 filter and developed inferior vena cava perforations in multiple locations, including penetration of one of the prongs inside the aortic lumen. Furthermore, we conducted an extensive literature review of similar cases to describe the clinical presentation, aortic pathology, radiologic findings, treatment, ...
Proesmans M - - 2012
A 12-year-old girl of Turkish descent was referred 6 weeks after an influenza A infection because of persistent chest X-ray abnormalities compatible with interstitial lung disease. The clinically suspected diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) supported by pathognomonic radiological abnormalities was confirmed by genetic analysis. The clinical presentation of PAM is ...
Cannon Daniel E - - 2012
Injuries after blunt and penetrating trauma to the face are a common occurrence and are managed by specialists from several disciplines. After short-term care and immediate recovery, long-term complications can develop including cosmetic deformity, unsightly scarring, problems with soft tissue healing, malunion or nonunion of bony segments, diplopia or other ...
Usubutun Alp - - 2012
Endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN) applies specific diagnostic criteria to designate a monoclonal endometrial preinvasive glandular proliferation known from previous studies to confer a 45-fold increased risk for endometrial cancer. In this international study we estimate accuracy and precision of EIN diagnosis among 20 reviewing pathologists in different practice environments, and ...
Takeuchi Satoru - - 2012
A 60-year-old man was admitted with slowly progressive dizziness. Cranial nerve evaluation found no abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed mass with homogeneous enhancement located in the fourth ventricle. The patient underwent surgery for the removal of the tumor via the bilateral suboccipital approach. Subtotal removal of the tumor ...
Hirani Shela Akbar Ali - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Breastfeeding is an essential source of nutrition for young babies; however, it is challenging for employed mothers to continue breastfeeding with employment, especially if workplace support is minimal or missing. In Pakistan, from 1983 to 2008, the prevalence of breastfeeding at 6 months has decreased from 96% ...
Liu Jane - - 2012
Kytococcus shroeteri is a rare cause of prosthetic valve endocarditis. We report on the first case of K. shroeteri endocarditis to be treated successfully by daptomycin and review the published literature of K. shroeteri endocarditis. There is no published daptomycin susceptibility data for Kytococcus and additional work was carried out ...
Hess D L J - - 2012
We describe a case of gastro-enteritis caused by Campylobacter concisus. The pathogenic potential of C. concisus has yet to be elucidated. Recent studies indicate an association with enteric disease in immunocompromised and inflammatory bowel disease in children. Molecular identification methods may be necessary for identifying certain Campylobacter species because of ...
Martines F - - 2012
Although benign vascular lesions are frequent in the head and the neck region, clinical evidence of cavernous haemangioma of the external auditory canal is extremely rare; when present, the lesion invades the middle ear space. Herein, a rare case of a soft mass filling the external auditory canal, not involving ...
Hashmi Mubashira - - 2012
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is rare primary neoplasm of brain. Despite its pleomorphic appearance, it has a relatively good prognosis. We report a case of biopsy proven pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma in a young male who presented with visual and sensory symptoms, classical neuroimaging findings and showed remarkable recovery, post surgery. We have ...
Ablett D J - - 2012
Primary necrotizing fasciitis of the breast is extremely rare. We describe a case of a 51-year-old diabetic smoker who presented with primary necrotizing fasciitis of the breast, with signs of severe systemic sepsis. She required intravenous antibiotics, radical emergency surgery, intensive care treatment and inotropic support. After daily wound inspections ...
Santos Filho José Cândido S - - 2012
In J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27, 797 (2010), Yura and Hanson derived what they claim to be "a general expression for the mean level crossing rate for an arbitrary" random process following any desired probability distribution function. On the other hand, the authors themselves assert that in some cases their ...
Chen Huayue - - 2012
The duplication of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare, but well-recognized anomaly. Duplicated IVC has a significant relevance for retroperitoneal surgery and venous interventional radiology. We report a case of duplicated IVC, which was observed during routine dissection of an 84-year-old Japanese female cadaver. The interiliac vein between ...
Maas K W - - 2012
Minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy is one of the approaches used worldwide for treating esophageal cancer. Optimization of this approach and especially identifying the ideal intrathoracic anastomosis technique is needed. To date, different types of anastomosis have been described. A literature search on the current techniques and approaches for intrathoracic ...
Lidz Charles W - - 2012
The goal of this study was to describe the contributions of community members (unaffiliated members) who serve on institutional review boards (IRBs) at large medical research centers and to compare their contributions to those of other IRB members. We observed and audiotaped 17 panel meetings attended by community members and ...
Li Q-Y - - 2012
Gastric haemolymphangioma is a very rare benign tumour. Pathologically, it is composed of lymphatic vessels and blood vessels. Only a few cases of haemolymphangioma have been reported in the literature so far, all of which developed at sites other than the stomach. The authors believe that a haemolymphangioma occurring in ...
Santos Filho José Cândido S - - 2012
In J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27, 797 (2010), Yura and Hanson derived what they claim to be "a general expression for the mean level crossing rate for an arbitrary" random process following any desired probability distribution function. On the other hand, the authors themselves assert that in some cases their ...
Manivannan Prabhu P Department of Pathology, JIPMER, Puducherry, 605 006 - - 2013
Children with Down syndrome (DS) present with a spectrum of hematolymphoid malignancies ranging from transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) which regress spontaneously to frank acute leukemia of both myeloid and lymphoid lineage. Here we present a series of three cases with different manifestation in DS. Three cases of DS presented with ...
Rodrigues Cristhieni - - 2012
Endocarditis due to Bacteroides fragilis is a rare disorder. This article describes a case of Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis associated with portal and superior mesenteric venous thrombosis in a patient without preexisting valvular heart disease and review the cases of endocarditis due to this anaerobic bacterium in medical literature since 1980.
Martínez-Caselles A - - 2012
Hepatoportal sclerosis (HPS) is characterized by presinusoidal intrahepatic portal hypertension associated with splenomegaly and anemia in patients with non-cirrhotic liver. Liver biopsy is essential, especially to rule out other processes. Being a disease of unknown etiology, the majority of cases have been described in eastern countries. However, it may be ...
Gaertner Erich - - 2012
Lichen planus pigmentosus-inversus is a rare variant of lichen planus, with less than 20 cases reported in the medical literature. It presents as asymptomatic to mildly pruritic, hyperpigmented macules and/or patches involving intertriginous and flexural areas and skin folds in light-skinned individuals. The unique pattern of skin involvement, clinical features, ...
Hughes Duncan B - - 2012
An 18-month-old male infant was placed on high-frequency oscillatory ventilation for profound hypoxemia and subsequently developed tension pneumoperitoneum. He underwent a bedside exploratory laparotomy for suspected perforated viscus. No intestinal perforation was identified, and a diagnosis of tension pneumoperitoneum secondary to pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis was made. To our knowledge, this ...
Ali Ahmed A - - 2012
Stenosis of the subglottic area is a common complication of endotracheal intubation and external blunt trauma. Chondronecrosis of the cricoid cartilage is a rare but known complication of neck radiotherapy for laryngeal carcinoma. It has also been reported as a complication of prolonged endotracheal intubation. The clinical and bronchoscopic findings ...
Harry B L - - 2012
Pseudocirrhosis is a rare form of liver disease that can cause clinical symptoms and radiographic signs of cirrhosis; however, its histologic features suggest a distinct pathologic process. In the setting of cancer, hepatic metastases and systemic chemotherapy are suspected causes of pseudocirrhosis. Here, we present a patient with medullary thyroid ...
Al-Asmi Abdullah - - 2012
The autoimmune disease, myasthenia gravis (MG), can mimic a variety of neurological disorders leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. On occasions, misdiagnosis of MG could lead to unnecessary and potentially harmful therapeutic interventions. We report on a 12 year-old boy, in whom MG was mistaken for meningitic sequelae ...
Al-Busaidi Nasser - - 2012
Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare, benign condition involving the trachea. TPO is characterised by osteocartilaginous nodules developing within the submuscosa of the trachea, sparing the posterior wall. We present the first documented case of TPO in Oman in a 25 year-old Omani male who presented with a recurrent, productive ...
Fattah Adel A Division of Plastic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2012
This article outlines a thorough approach to facial nerve palsy and reconstruction.
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