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Results 651 - 700 of 1627
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Herrman Judith W - - 2012
Violence and its prevention are key issues in community health nursing. Significant concern and controversy surrounds the current involvement of girls as witnesses, offenders, and victims of violence. This article provides a review of the literature about girls and violence, including the girls' roles as offenders, victims, and witnesses, predictors ...
Yu Hong - - 2012
Plemorphic adenoma mainly occurs in the salivary glands. A similar tumor arising in the bone is extremely rare, and only three cases have been reported so far. Here, we present an additional case of primary plemorphic adenoma of bone; describe its clinical, pathological and radiological features; and compare them with ...
Handschel Jörg - - 2012
Schwannomas, also known as neurilemomas or neurilemmomas, are relatively uncommon, slow-growing benign tumors. Whereas, about one-third of all extracranial Schwannomas are found in the head and neck region, a few intraoral Schwannomas are reported in the literature. This article contributes to a review regarding the current literature and the report ...
Aboutalebi Amir - - 2012
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are becoming increasingly important cutaneous pathogens as the number of susceptible patients increases. Nevertheless, primary cutaneous infection by one particular species, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), remains relatively unusual, particularly in immunocompetent patients. We review the English-language literature on primary cutaneous MAC in patients who were neither immunocompromised ...
Morrison Andra - - 2012
Objectives: The English language is generally perceived to be the universal language of science. However, the exclusive reliance on English-language studies may not represent all of the evidence. Excluding languages other than English (LOE) may introduce a language bias and lead to erroneous conclusions.Study Design and Setting: We conducted a ...
Shastri Charu - - 2012
Combined penoscrotal incarceration is rarely reported in the literature. It is a urological emergency. Depending on the nature of the constricting object, duration of constriction, and with no defined treatment methods, inventiveness is usually required in removing difficult objects. This is a report of a penoscrotal incarceration by four closed ...
Akhtar Tanveer - - 2012
We present a child with both acute appendicitis and torsion of the right testis presenting at the same time. Testicular torsion possibly occurring due to vomiting in acute appendicitis so far has not been reported in the literature.
Yorgancilar Ediz - - 2012
Defects of the nasal septum occur as a result of a variety of causes, including tuberculosis, irritation, neoplasia, trauma, infection, and chronic inflammatory diseases. Congenital os vomer agenesis as a cause is very rare. We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a defect in the posteroinferior part of ...
Larocque Alexandre - - 2012
Levamisole is a pharmaceutical with anthelminthic and immunomodulatory properties that was previously used in both animals and humans to treat inflammatory conditions and cancer. Levamisole has been identified as a cocaine adulterant in the United States since 2003. By 2009, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimated that 69% ...
Ambi Uday S - - 2012
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomally inherited and genetically heterogeneous disorder of neural crest cell development. Literature regarding the anesthetic management of these cases is limited. We present 2 cases of Shah-Waardenburg syndrome and discuss them in the context of review of previously published cases.
Vachette M - - 2012
Background: Choristomas are benign, congenital tumours composed of normal tissue in an abnormal location. Osseous choristomas represent the rarest form of epibulbar choristomas, with now 65 cases reported in the literature. We did a retrospective clinicopathological study of all patients with epibulbar osseous choristoma observed at our institution since 1982 ...
Schepers Nicolien J - - 2012
We report four patients with pneumothorax as a complication of ERCP with sphincterotomy. With conservative treatment all patients recovered. Previously, 16 comparable cases have been reported in the literature. The main risk factor for this rare complication seems (pre-cut) sphincterotomy. Pneumothorax is usually right-sided or bilateral and accompanied by pneumomediastinum, ...
Heetun Z S - - 2012
Rapid biliary stent clogging is poorly documented in the literature. We present two case reports in a 12-year ERCP series and highlight the challenges involved.
Boswell Scott - - 2012
Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is most commonly caused by rupture of a saccular aneurysm or other structural pathologies. Occasionally, no structural cause for the hemorrhage can be identified by radiographic imaging. These hemorrhages, termed angiogram-negative SAH, are generally considered to have a better prognosis than aneurysmal SAH. Angiogram-negative SAH subgroups ...
Pereira Elaine Maria - - 2012
We report a case of hepatoblastoma in a 10-year-old girl with mosaic-type trisomy 18. A comprehensive literature review reveals only 2 cases involving mosaic trisomy 18 patients. Our patient underwent an abbreviated chemotherapy course before complete surgical resection. Her hepatoblastoma did not contain cells with trisomy 18. The conservative management ...
Goldsmith Robert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically evaluate the existing literature for the prognostic value of cold hyperalgesia in Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). METHODS: Embase, PsycINFO, and Medline databases were systematically searched (from inception to 20th September 2011) for prospective studies investigating a prognostic ability for cold hyperalgesia in WAD. Reference lists ...
Chung Mei M Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA. - - 2012
Apply and compare two methods that identify signals for the need to update systematic reviews, using three Evidence-based Practice Center reports on omega-3 fatty acids as test cases. We applied the RAND method, which uses domain (subject matter) expert guidance, and a modified Ottawa method, which uses quantitative and qualitative ...
Patel Ajay S - - 2012
Background:  Chronic pain (CP) poses a diverse and substantial burden for employees, employers, and society. The deleterious consequences of CP in the workplace are frequently underestimated. Objective:  To estimate the burden of CP in the European workplace. Methods:  A systematic review following PRISMA statement guidelines was conducted to identify studies ...
De Carvalho Bruno R - - 2012
Calcific myonecrosis is a rare entity with only 57 cases reported in the English literature to date. It is a late complication of compartment syndrome of the limb and results in characteristic muscle necrosis with central liquefaction and peripheral calcification. This series presents a further two cases and consolidates the ...
Ali Mohammad Javed - - 2012
Orbital paraganglioma is an extremely rare clinical entity with fewer than 40 cases reported in the literature. A well-documented case of a recurrent orbital paraganglioma is reported and its clinical, radiologic, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features are discussed.
Liu Ji-Fu - - 2012
Esophageal duplication (ED) in adults is rare, and ED canceration is very rare. We report a case of acute respiratory embarrassment caused by ED with squamous carcinoma in a 39-year-old man and a review of the literature.
Merolla Giovanni - - 2012
Alkaptonuria is a rare hereditary metabolic disease of autosomal recessive inheritance, resulting from deficiency of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase. The term "alkaptonuria" was first used in 1859 by Boedeker to describe a patient's urinary reducing compound, and in 1866, Virchow coined the term "ochronosis" due to typical yellow pigmentation. ...
Won Ho-Ryun - - 2012
We report a case with review of literature of actinomycosis accompanied with aspergillosis arising in unilateral maxillary sinus, in which it was completely cured after endoscopic sinus surgery and short term antibiotic therapy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in literature reporting actinomycosis in ...
Noble Louise J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The relationship between percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is widely disputed in the current literature. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the available evidence documenting the association between PEG and GERD. METHODS: The following databases were searched: MEDLINE (1950 to week ...
Shah Shinil K - - 2012
Abstract Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) enteritis presenting with perforation in the setting of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) represents a particularly deadly combination. Methods: Case report and review of the pertinent literature. Case Report: The authors report a patient with AIDS and CMV enteritis presenting as recurrent small-bowel obstruction and leading to ...
Di Pietra Laura - - 2012
The authors describe the case of a 28-year-old patient who died from an extensive intracerebral haemorrhage due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) which occurred a few days after delivery. Access to an emergency department of gynaecology on three separate occasions in the three days preceding hospitalization made judicial evaluation of ...
Peek A C - - 2012
We present the case of a 12year old boy who had bilateral inferior pole fragment (Saupe type 1) bipartite patellae, and who sustained a traumatic separation through the right patella while playing basket ball, the left remaining asymptomatic. We have reviewed and discussed the previously published literature and case reports.
Tubbs R Shane - - 2012
The German Heinrich August Wrisberg made significant contributions to anatomical knowledge during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. However, very little is known of this early European physician and anatomist. Wrisberg was considered an excellent anatomist and wrote several textbooks in the field. Using standard computer search engines, this ...
Berner A L - - 2012
Carriers of completely balanced chromosomal translocations have all necessary genetic information. Nevertheless, because of the possibility of maldistribution during gametogenesis, they are at increased risk for infertility, miscarriage, stillbirth or having a child with congenital anomalies including mental retardation. As postnatal clinical reports are infrequent, prediction of clinical course for ...
Armon Carmel - - 2012
Our objective was to evaluate the epidemiological literature regarding the association between trauma to the head and ALS, in order to determine if trauma to the head is a risk factor for ALS. A Medline literature search was conducted for the period between 1980 and October 2010 using the search ...
Wen Sheng-Chen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To report three cases of emphysematous prostatic abscess (EPA) and review the literature on this rare entity. METHODS: All relevant articles published in English over the last 50 years (1961-2011) were identified using a MEDLINE search for keywords 'emphysematous prostatitis' and 'emphysematous prostatic abscess'. A total of 12 patients ...
Florit Enrique A - - 2012
Psoriasis is a cutaneous disease with systemic involvement. Tissue damage is considered to be immune-mediated, and etanercept currently provides effective treatment. Kidney injury arising from this condition has not yet been fully explained in the literature. We present a case of membranous nephropathy with C1q deposits followed by development of ...
Keramidas T - - 2012
We report a case of congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face (CILF) with right TMJ ankylosis causing asymmetry and reduced mouth opening. The management involved soft tissue debulking combined with a right TMJ arthroplasty and is explained in detail. A review of the relevant literature revealed the rarity of this ...
McGreevy Kai - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Patients with occipital neuralgia are often refractory to or intolerant of standard pharmacological and interventional management strategies. Although occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) may provide a unique alternative for such cases, a steep technical learning curve still exists. Lead migration (LM) is among the most challenging issues facing implanters performing ...
Flowerdew Lynsey - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Understanding the nontechnical skills specifically applicable to the emergency department (ED) is essential to facilitate training and more broadly consider interventions to reduce error. The aim of this scoping review is to first identify and then explore in depth the nontechnical skills linked to safety in the ED. ...
Sisodia Shantilal M - - 2012
Adenomyoma is a benign tumor composed of endometrial glands, specialized endometrioid stroma, and smooth muscle. These tumors typically originate within the uterus. An extrauterine adenomyoma is an extremely rare entity. We present the case of a 56-year-old perimenopausal woman with a right adnexal mass, diagnosed histopathologically as an ovarian ligament ...
Cone Brent M - - 2012
Pharyngeal hairy polyps are rare lesions that present as a pedunculated mass that may arise from the oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal regions of the pharynx. The mass has the potential to partially or completely obstruct pathways towards the trachea and/or esophagus resulting in respiratory distress and/or feeding difficulties respectively.  They have ...
Vizzielli Giuseppe - - 2012
The best treatment for bone metastasis from endometrial cancer as a presenting feature is unclear. We report the first case in the literature of coxofemoral metastases from endometrial cancer treated by surgical approach. Then, after a careful review of the literature, we discuss the best therapeutic option for this subset ...
Bartlett Erica - - 2012
Abstract Abstract: In this report, we described an unusual case of a traumatic palatal perforation caused by orotracheal intubation. The paucity of reports of palatal perforation resulting from intubation in the literature suggests it is a rare occurrence. However, recognizing this potential complication and managing the airway appropriately may reduce ...
Farahani Ali - - 2012
Abstract Abstract: An accessory mandible is a rare congenital anomaly that requires multidisciplinary management. This case report describes a female patient with an unusual accessory mandible, a dysplastic overgrowth of bone with teeth that extended form the mid-symphyseal region. A sub-mucosal cleft palate was also present. Her treatment represents a ...
Sugar Joel - - 2012
PURPOSE: The etiology of keratoconus has been the subject of numerous studies. Here, we review the body of literature that attempts to determine what causes keratoconus. METHODS: A review of the published literature was performed to evaluate the possible causes of keratoconus and how the different etiologies may play a ...
Calvo Charles M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Few reports in the ophthalmic literature describe rare corneal lesions of the stroma that present in a horizontal linear fashion. Although some differences exist among the small number of reported cases, we believe that all these cases represent a distinct clinical entity appropriately titled linear interstitial keratitis. In an ...
Omeje Ikenna - - 2012
Aortic arch thrombus is a rare occurrence in neonates. In the few described cases, this has mainly been associated with sepsis or early postnatal interventions, such as insertion of umbilical arterial line. We describe a case of occlusive aortic arch thrombus in a neonate who presented with signs of critical ...
Brennan Stephen A - - 2012
Talonavicular coalition is a rare autosomal recessive congenital anomaly that is usually asymptomatic and detected incidentally on radiographs. It is associated with symphalangism, clinodactyly, a great toe that is shorter than the second toe, clubfoot, calcaneonavicular coalition, talocalcaneal coalition and a ball-and-socket ankle joint. The authors present a review of ...
Jilumudi Uday Bhaskar Reddy - - 2012
Ichthyosis fetalis or Harlequin ichthyosis is an extremely severe and fatal hereditary skin disorder with an autosomal recessive inheritance. It is distinctive because of its remarkable clinical appearance which includes epidermal keratinization, hypoplasia of fingers or nails, malformation of ear and nose and incompatibility with life. This report describes a ...
Fazili Tasaduq - - 2012
Actinomyces meyeri is an uncommon cause of actinomycosis. We present a patient with pneumonia and empyema due to A. meyeri. The patient underwent open thoracotomy with decortication and was discharged home on a twelve month course of oral penicillin. Review of the English literature revealed thirty two cases of infection ...
Kim Ho-Hyun - - 2012
Adenocarcinoma is the predominant histological type of carcinoma of the gallbladder, accounting for more than 80% of all gallbladder carcinomas. In contrast, carcinosarcoma of the gallbladder is an extremely atypical subset of gallbladder malignancies. It is characterized by the presence of both epithelial and mesenchymal components. Currently, fewer than 100 ...
McClelland Walter B WB - - 2012
Palmaris profundus is an aberrant muscle of forearm and wrist anatomy. It has no discernible function, but its tendon has been implicated as a cause of carpal tunnel syndrome. Previously, all cases of palmaris profundus in the literature have been encountered during either open surgery or cadaveric dissection. We report ...
Ojili Vijayanadh - - 2012
Hemangiomas are a radiologist's dream lesions because they allow a confident diagnosis most of the time. However, within the abdomen, hemangiomas may occur in such atypical locations and can have such unusual features that they cause significant diagnostic dilemma and may end up being excised surgically. The literature is replete ...
Skouras Christos - - 2012
Pancreatitis associated with the extension of a pancreatic collection, pseudocyst or abscess into the groin is a rare phenomenon with few reports in the English literature. Nevertheless, it remains a clinically important differential diagnosis as it may be mistaken for more common pathologies in the groin and with a subsequent ...
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