Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1627
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Rani Hephzibah - - 2012
The Chiari Malformation is a neural tube defect involving the posterior cranial fossa and the hind brain, characterized by herniation of the posterior fossa contents below the level of the foramen magnum. Four types were described by Hans Chiari in the late 19th century. Of these, Type III is exceedingly ...
Hunter Gary - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis continues to pose a diagnostic and treatment challenge since the original descriptions by Bickerstaff and Miller-Fisher. The clinical syndrome overlaps with AIDP and MFS, but is accompanied by decreased level of consciousness not attributable to other causes, and the variable presence of long-tract signs. METHODS: The ...
Kable Ashley K - - 2012
AIM: This paper describes a structured approach for documenting a search strategy, prior to the scholarly critique and review of the retrieved literature. BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: There has been a shift in publication expectations when it comes to the presentation of a literature review, from the more traditional narrative review ...
Yoon Young Kyung - - 2012
Secondary pure red cell aplasia (PRCA), as an extrahepatic manifestation of hepatitis A virus infection, has been reported on rare occasions. We report herein an unusual case of hepatitis A complicated by PRCA. In addition, we reviewed nine cases reported in the English literature. Our case of nonfulminant hepatitis A ...
Wolff R - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The goal of this work was to demonstrate the efficacy of stereotactic gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for the treatment of neurocytoma by means of a case report and a comprehensive literature review. CASE REPORT: A locally recurrent atypical neurocytoma in the area of the left third ventricle ...
Kumar Arvind - - 2012
We report a case of a 52-year-old businessman who was allegedly injected with organochloro compound (OC) in his abdomen by his business rivals by means of a surgical needle and a syringe. Homicide by OC injection via an intraperitoneal route has not been reported in the literature. Postmortem findings along ...
Ramanah Rajeev - - 2012
The objective of this work was to collect and summarize relevant literature on the anatomy, histology, and imaging of apical support of the upper vagina and the uterus provided by the cardinal (CL) and uterosacral (USL) ligaments. A literature search in English, French, and German languages was carried out with ...
Ribero Simone - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We report a case of a melanoma arising after about 10 years after a burn injury. This is an uncommon example of a carcinogenetic event that could be prevented or diagnosed early. Usually, the mutagenic event clinically appears many years after the burn especially if it was not treated ...
Ehlert Karoline - - 2012
Ehlert K, Groll AH, Rossig C, Fruehwald MC, Juergens H. Late graft failure in FA - case report and review of the literature. Abstract:  Hematological disorders in patients with FA can only be cured by allogeneic HSCT. Severe infections in primary and early secondary graft failures pose a particular risk. ...
Han Dong Kyun - - 2012
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but potentially fatal disorder. There have been a few reports on HLH secondary to scrub typhus in adults. Here, we describe the case of a 9-year-old Korean girl who presented with the typical findings of HLH. Despite adequate antirickettsial and HLH treatment, the neurological ...
Jung H - - 2012
Objective:We report two extremely rare cases of polyps from unilateral accessory middle turbinates, one of which coexisted with a polyp from an inferomedially projecting, pneumatised, secondary middle turbinate.Methods:Case report and literature review concerning accessory middle turbinate and secondary middle turbinate.Results:Two patients presented with unilateral nasal obstruction. In both patients, nasal ...
Thyparampil Preeti - - 2012
Simple lipomas of the eyelid are rare. We present a case of a 61-year-old man, who presented with 6 months of a slowly worsening blepharoptosis. On examination, that patient was noted to have a palpable, soft mass in the medial left upper eyelid. Histopathological examination of the mass revealed mature ...
Obuchowicz Anna Karolina - - 2012
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC) is an infrequent, highly malignant neoplasm of the soft tissues and bone. It is very rare in the pediatric age group, especially in the intraspinal location. Only 24 cases have been reported to date. The authors present a case of a 14-year-old boy with an intraspinal MC ...
Kotby M N - - 2012
Despite the presence of a number of good publications during the past two decades, the posterior glottis (PG) is still not clearly appreciated in clinical laryngological practice. This study focuses on searching the literature to find out the present day awareness of the PG, as well as highlighting some of ...
Budzik Jonathan M - - 2012
Nocardia farcinica is a gram-positive, partially acid-fast, methenamine silver-positive aerobic actinomycete. Nocardia spp. are opportunistic pathogens, and N. farcinica is the least common species of clinical importance. Review of the recent literature and description of a immunocompetent patient with no known risk factors who contracted fatal N. farcinica sepsis. Positive ...
Petrone Gianluigi - - 2012
Primary salivary neuroendocrine neoplasms are extremely rare, with only 1 case of carcinoid tumor and 7 cases of primary large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas having been reported. Salivary small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas are more frequent, accounting for less than 2% of all salivary malignancies. In addition to a literature review on the subject, ...
Gordon Shayna S School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IndianaAssociates in Dermatology, Westlake, OhioDepartment of Dermatology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, - - 2013
Eccrine spiradenoma is a rare benign adnexal tumor that usually occurs as a solitary nodule, although there are reports of multiple eccrine spiradenomas occurring in a segmental, linear, blaschkoid, or zosteriform pattern. Segmental eccrine spiradenomas have rarely been reported with onset occurring in childhood or adolescence. We describe a case ...
Hoche Franziska - - 2012
This article summarizes evident and recent findings on the characteristics of the neurological phenotype in ataxia telangiectasia (AT), reviews neuropathological and neuroradiological findings, and outlines therapeutic treatment options. In addition, this review offers an overview of current hypotheses on mechanisms of neurodegeneration in AT and discusses their relevance in clinical ...
Singh S - - 2012
Scleromyxoedema, also known as generalized lichen myxoedematosus, is a cutaneous mucinosis characterized by a generalized papular and sclerodermoid eruption, mucin deposition, increased fibroblast proliferation and fibrosis. It is often associated with underlying monoclonal gammopathy, and it responds poorly to treatment. There are very few reports of nodular eruption in scleromyxoedema. ...
Sami Walid Mohammad - - 2012
Expenditure related to neurosurgery has increased unevenly since the early 1990s. In this study we explored the literature by which clinical evidence is obtained to better direct neurosurgical practice. We searched different types of neurosurgery literature and four major neurosurgical procedures (excision of brain lesion, cerebral aneurysm clipping/coiling, discectomy, spine ...
Shang Shih-Ta - - 2012
There are few reports of invasive infections caused by Brevundimonas vesicularis. We report two cases of B vesicularis bacteremia confirmed by culture and 16S rRNA sequence analysis with highly variable sensitivity to broad-spectrum antibiotics. Initial empiric therapy with anti-pseudomonal antibiotics plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for hospital-acquired B vesicularis infections should be considered.
Landi Alessandro - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Several techniques have been proposed for treating cervical spine instability due to rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of this study was to screen the different treatment options used in this pathology to evaluate the best form of treatment when the progression of rheumatoid disease affected the cranio-vertebral junction (CVJ) stability. ...
Naji Hussein - - 2012
PURPOSE: Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is a well described, rare congenital abnormality of testicular descent, in which both testes migrate through one inguinal canal. The objective of this work was to present three cases of TTE, one of them with a common vas deferens. To our knowledge, a fused vas ...
Finfgeld-Connett Deborah D Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
To report literature search strategies for the purpose of conducting knowledge-building and theory-generating qualitative systematic reviews. Qualitative systematic reviews lie on a continuum from knowledge-building and theory-generating to aggregating and summarizing. Different types of literature searches are needed to optimally support these dissimilar reviews. Articles published between 1989-Autumn 2011. These ...
Deloison B - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the prognosis of prenatally diagnosed vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) in a large cohort. To review the literature on prenatally diagnosed VGAM. Study design: This was a retrospective study of all cases of prenatally diagnosed VGAM managed in our referral center during a 10 years period. ...
Sharma Namrata - - 2012
We report a case of recalcitrant microbial keratitis after epipolis laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (epi-LASIK) surgery caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and review the literature on resistant Pseudomonas keratitis after excimer laser surgery. Microbial keratitis occurred two weeks after epi-LASIK surgery and was resistant to fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides and macrolides but sensitive ...
Mulder C H - - 2012
The objective of this study was to review the literature and compare different surgical methods for the management of coronoid process hyperplasia. A literature search was performed for publications since 1995. Case characteristics were extracted (age, sex, duration of symptoms, form, maximal mouth opening and treatment) and entered into a ...
Kalyanaraman Balaji - - 2012
Major bleeding complications following sacral nerve stimulation (SNS, InterStim®) are exceptionally rare and have not been reported in the literature. We report a case of extensive gluteal hematoma following SNS procedure in a woman with a known history of thrombophilia.
Vella Josefa Elizabeth Olivia - - 2012
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a rare disorder characterized by a proliferation of phagocytic histiocytes in hematopoietic organs. It is accompanied by systemic manifestations and frequently has an abrupt onset with a fulminant clinical course and high mortality. Awareness of this condition is important since early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is ...
Taaning Ellen - - 2012
Foetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) and neonatal neutropenia caused by maternal autoantibodies against neutrophils are rare disorders. We describe a newborn with severe thrombocytopenia and intracerebral bleeding caused by maternal anti-HPA-3a alloantibodies and mild neutropenia caused by maternal autoantibodies against HNA-1b. This appears to be the first case of ...
Lefkowtiz Rafael Y - - 2012
Rattlesnake venoms can cause a wide range of adverse human health effects. However, with the availability of modern antivenin, toxicity can generally be minimized and controlled. We present a rare case of rattlesnake envenomation resulting in severe systemic effects and syndrome relapse. Management considerations and patient course are described in ...
Hoshi Manabu - - 2012
A schwannoma is a benign nerve sheath tumor commonly located in soft tissue. An intraosseous schwannoma is very rare, and only four cases involving the femur were found in a review of the English-language medical literature. We present a rare case of a schwannoma with well-defined, lytic, dumbbell-shaped and benign-appearing ...
Al-Hertani Walla - - 2012
We report on a girl with trisomy 12 mosaicism diagnosed postnatally. She has been followed from 4 months of age for developmental delay, unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, intestinal malrotation, hemi-hyperplasia, pigmentary dysplasia, retinopathy, and a vascular ring. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of complete trisomy 12 in ...
Cornejo Kristine M - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: We report a case of a very unusual combined and collision basosquamous melanocytic malignant tumor on the chest of an 84-year-old man. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing this entity. We attempt to address the diagnostic challenge and the clinical and histological characteristics of these ...
Corrêa Zélia M - - 2012
To report an unusual case of primary paranasal sinus lymphoma associated with intraocular secondary uveal involvement. Retrospective case report emphasizing the histopathologic diagnosis as well as imaging studies, and review of the pertinent literature. The diagnosis of ophthalmologic lymphoma can be difficult due to the infrequency of the disease, the ...
Moroney P J - - 2012
Tumours of the Achilles tendon are rare. Reconstruction of the large defect following excision, however, is often a challenge and is sometimes a factor in deciding against operative treatment of a benign lesion. We report a case of excision of bilateral Achilles tendon xanthomata, with reconstruction using a flexor hallucis ...
Nagaraj Usha - - 2012
Isolated, well-differentiated ectopic cerebellar tissue is extremely rare, with only eight cases in the literature. We describe a unique case of histopathologically proven ectopic cerebellar tissue presenting as a discrete extra-axial mass in the posterior cranial fossa. We describe the clinical, CT and MRI findings, as well as the surgical ...
Rabah Fatma - - 2012
Varicella (chickenpox) is a common disease of childhood, caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Post-viral thromboembolism is a rare complication of VZV in childhood. We describe two children who developed lower limb deep venous thrombosis shortly after varicella infection, along with a review of 130 previously reported cases.
Brown Richard - - 2012
We thank the authors for their interest in our article and for their comments. Most of the literature to date regarding placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) relates to cases of PMD that have surpassed the first trimester.
Butts Craig P - - 2012
The application of accurate quantitative NOE-distance determination allows the relative stereochemical elucidation of conformationally flexible arugosin C some 39 years after its original report in the literature.
Anami Katsuhiro - - 2012
Adenomyoma is a rare condition of the gastrointestinal tract, consisting of glandular structures lined by columnar or cuboidal epithelium and surrounded by smooth muscle bundles. The vast majority of adenomyomas of gastrointestinal tract have been reported to be located at the propyloric segment of the stomach and their localization in ...
Kacerovska Denisa - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The authors report on a case of panfolliculoma with sebaceous differentiation occurring on the scalp of a 53-year-old white man and discuss the pertinent literature.
Decembrino Lidia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Neonatal suppurative parotitis is a rare condition characterized by swelling, pain, and erythema over the affected gland. Antimicrobials and adequate hydration are an essential part of treatment. Surgical intervention is reserved for organized abscesses and for infections not responding to medical management. METHODS: A case report and review of ...
Rogosnitzky Moshe - - 2012
Crohn's disease (CD) is a debilitating condition which still requires improvement in its management. There is a need for alternatives to anti-tumour necrosis factor drugs which are costly and beneficial in less than 50% of patients. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been used in the management of aminosalicylate- and steroid-resistant CD ...
Barber C M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1990s, outbreaks of asthma and extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) have been identified in workers exposed to metalworking fluids (MWFs). The cause of these outbreaks remains to be determined. AIMS: To identify and review all previously published occupational lung disease case definitions and diagnostic criteria that have been ...
Yazici Muharrem M Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, Ankara 60100, Turkey. - - 2013
Early-onset spinal deformities present multiple challenges to the surgeon. They may be rapidly progressive and unresponsive to conservative treatment, necessitating surgical intervention at an early age. This text attempts to provide a review of current literature and to summarize the authors' opinions. This paper attempts to concisely review available literature ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2012
The research literature provides evidence on the possible link between single-car accident drivers and suicidal intent, and some scholars have stressed the role of unconscious suicidal motivations in some single-car accidents. This paper review relevant literature on the topic and sheds light on neglected factors that may play a central ...
Mafi P - - 2012
The term tissue engineering is the technology that combines cells, engineering and biological/synthetic material in order to repair, replace or regenerate biological tissues such as bone, muscle, tendons and cartilage. The major human applications of tissue engineering are: skin, bone, cartilage, corneas, blood vessels, left mainstem bronchus and urinary structures. ...
Vlahovic Aleksandar - - 2012
Galactocele is an uncommon benign breast lesion that generally occurs in young women during or after lactation as a cystic breast mass containing milk or milk-like fluid. It is an extremely rare cause of breast enlargement in infants and children. Surgery is regarded as treatment of choice and simple excision ...
Hejna Petr - - 2012
  Suicidal decapitation is seldom encountered in forensic medicine practice. This study reports the analysis of a suicide committed by a 31-year-old man with a self-fabricated guillotine. The construction of the guillotine was very interesting and sophisticated. The guillotine-like blade with additional weight was placed in a large metal frame. ...
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