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Le Ann A Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Extravasation is a potential complication associated with intravenous therapy administration. Inadvertent leakage of medications with vesicant properties can cause severe tissue necrosis, which can lead to devastating long-term consequences. Recognizing potential agents is an essential step in mitigating the risk of extravasation. A literature search was carried out using PubMed ...
Pillai Saila T ST Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland, - - 2014
A 30-year-old male underwent a corrective posterior instrumented spinal fusion for scoliosis. Six years later, he was found to have an aortic dissection after aortic penetration of a spinal pedicle screw. We review the literature, including diagnostic modalities, and treatment decision-making for this unusual complication.
Wang Jing-Xia JX Department of Head-neck Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, - - 2014
AMYLOIDOSIS is a benign process which can have systemic involvement. Though larynx is the common site of localized amyloidosis in the head and neck region,1 it was seldom reported with heterochronous implication of bilateral ventricles. Here we report a case of laryngeal amyloidosis heterochronously localized at bilateral ventricles with tracheobronchial ...
Wu Liang L Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No.6 Tiantan Xili, Dongcheng District, 100050, Beijing, - - 2014
As a vascular malformation, venous angioma in the spinal cord is extremely rare. To our knowledge, there are only five case reports in the literature, and it has not been previously reported in the pediatric age group. In this paper, we report on a 3-year-old patient who presented with progressive ...
Nayak Shweta S Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe a case of prolonged vaginal bleeding in a prepubertal girl. Review of medical record and literature search. A 7-year-old female was referred to our pediatric and adolescent gynecologic clinic for evaluation of vaginal bleeding and ovarian cyst on ultrasonography. Her parents denied any history of trauma or sexual ...
Fiegel Matthew J MJ 1University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
The regional anesthesia literature was quite active in the calendar year 2013. In typical fashion, the literature was composed of articles representing neuraxial analgesia, peripheral nerve blocks, patient outcomes, regional anesthesia adjuvant medications, and patient safety. The goal of this article is to summarize and present the most relevant articles ...
Kim Young-Mo YM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, - - 2014
The authors report a case of localized nodular tenosynovitis originating from the medial plicae of the knee that was grossly observable, palpable, and symptomatic. A 41-year-old male visited our hospital with a complaint of knee pain that began 4 years ago. He complained of intermittent catching and a mass that ...
Griessenauer Christoph J CJ Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Venous drainage of the spine and spinal cord is accomplished through a complex network of venous structures compartmentalized to intrinsic, extrinsic, and extradural systems. As the literature on this topic is scarce, the following review was performed to summarize the available literature into a single coherent format. The medical literature ...
Craig Douglas D Department of Anesthesia, McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Room D10.142, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, QC, H3G 1A4, Canada, - - 2014
The timing of the earliest reported ether anesthetics in early 1847, in regions to become Canada in July 1867, was examined using information from on-line and library-based sources. Previous authors had identified the first reported ether anesthetic given by a visiting American dentist in January 1847 in Saint John, New ...
Patzkowski M M Department of Anesthesia, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report a novel circumstance of brachial plexus anesthesia in a parturient. A 25-year-old woman at 34weeks of gestation presented with a pathologic proximal right humerus fracture from an intramedullary mass. She was scheduled for tumor biopsy which was performed using a two-site ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block to maximize odds ...
Ito Hirotaka H Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, - - 2014
We herein report the case of a 63-year-old woman with an acute spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma who presented with acute hemiparesis and was successfully managed with surgery. Based on a literature review of 50 cases of spontaneous cervical epidural hematomas, we concluded that the relatively high frequency of hemiparesis (12 ...
Kate Mahesh P MP Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G0T1, - - 2014
The spectrum of presentation of intracranial hypotension is clinically perplexing. We report a case of 31-year-old post-partum woman who underwent an uneventful caesarean section under spinal anesthesia. From the second day of surgery she developed postural headache, the headache lost its postural character after few days. She then developed seizures ...
Tan Sien Hui SH Department of Anaesthesia, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road 119 074, - - 2014
We present a 9-year-old boy with X-linked cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (X-linked ALD) and previous umbilical cord transplant who required general anaesthesia. An anaesthetic plan for each individual should be tailored to ensure the best possible anaesthetic care for these patients. The anaesthetic considerations include mental retardation, seizure disorder, hypotonia, liver function ...
Jarius S S Molecular Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Otto Meyerhof Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 350, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2013
While the history of classical multiple sclerosis has been extensively studied, only little is known about the early history of neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome). Here we discuss a forgotten report by Edward Octavius Hocken (1820-1845) published in The Lancet in 1841. Hocken's report is important from a historic point of ...
Root Kustritz Margaret V MV Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, 1365 Gortner Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pediatric gonadectomy is most commonly performed by humane organizations as a means of population control. Benefits and detriments of gonadectomy are reviewed, with special attention to literature describing effects specific to age at gonadectomy. Techniques for pediatric anesthesia and surgery are reviewed.
Ji Gyu Yeul GY Department of Neurosurgery, Guro Teun Teun Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ; Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2013
Coexistence of cranial and spinal subdural hematomas is rare and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a case of cranial and spinal subdural hematomas after previous head trauma. As the pathogenesis of simultaneous intracranial and spinal subdural hematoma yet remains unclear, we developed ...
Yang Jin Seo JS Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, - - 2013
Ossified lipoma or osteolipoma are rarely reported. It is defined as a histologic variant of lipoma that has undergone osseous metaplasia. Osteolipoma presents with a dominant osseous component within a lipoma. We report a case of a histologically confirmed osteolipoma on the nuchal ligament independent of bone. The patient was ...
Tang M L ML Sibu Hospital, ENT, Jalan Ulu Oya 5 1/2,, Sibu, Sarawak 96000, Malaysia. - - 2013
A 19 year-old man was presented to us in a state of respiratory distress with history of alleged accidentally swallowed the live fish. Flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscope showed a big live fish impacted in the laryngopharynx. Attempts to remove the fish orally were futile as the fish was impacted. We resorted to ...
Roopesh Kumar V R - - 2013
Primary intraosseous spinal malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is exceedingly rare. MPNST with multifocal origin has been described to occur in the extremities. Such a lesion has not been described to occur in the spine. We describe a case of multifocal spinal MPNST and to review the literature relevant ...
Figueira Edwin C - - 2013
To report 2 patients with apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid and review the literature. Noncomparative, retrospective case series and review. Clinical data of 2 patients with histopathologic diagnoses of apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid were obtained from medical records. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry data for the 2 cases were studied. ...
Ding Xiaobo X Department of Radiology, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2013
Localized amyloidosis of the ureter is a rare disease and can easily be confused with a neoplasm. We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with loin pain and painless gross hematuria. We also reviewed the English literature about localized ureteral amyloidosis. Middle-aged women were likely to suffer ...
Galanis Nikiforos - - 2013
: Judo is a combat sport with high risk of injury. We present a rare case of traumatic left posterior sternoclavicular (SC) joint dislocation, inflicted to a 12-year-old boy during a judo contest. An extensive literature review did not reveal any case of posterior SC joint dislocation in judo. The ...
Clausen Caroline - - 2013
Publications on abnormally invasive placenta in general report what can be considered a mixture of the conditions true accreta, increta and percreta varieties. The aim of this review was to identify all published cases of the most severe condition, placenta percreta in order to describe complications associated with the three ...
Phillips Blake C - - 2013
Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) is a rare phenomenon, but with advances in imaging and improvements in magnetic resonance imaging more cases are being identified. Even more uncommon is the finding of spinal cord avulsion as a type of SCIWORA with only single case reports in the literature. ...
Bruckman Karl C - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a syndrome characterized by a transient episode of heart failure. The specific etiology of this condition is widely speculated. The purpose of this case report and literature review was to investigate the incidence of TCM with regard to general anesthesia, especially those cases involving operative procedures ...
Lozinski Ala - - 2013
The evolution of liposuction has been multidisciplinary. The tumescent variant was developed using dilute local lidocaine and epinephrine and was meant to specifically exclude additional intravenous sedation, regional or general anesthesia, and intravenous fluids. Clinical pharmacology, pathophysiology, and safety studies are reviewed in this article. Tumescent formulations for varied anatomic ...
Haldar Rudrashish R Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
Acromesomelic dysplasias are autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasias. Acromesomelic dysplasia Maroteaux-type (AMDM), also known as St Helena dysplasia, is of two types: The classical and the mild variety. About 50 cases of AMDM have been reported till date, most of them being the classical variety. There is scarcity of literature on anesthesia ...
Chotai Silky P - - 2013
Intradural and intratumorous ossification in spinal meningiomas are rare compared to their cranial counterparts. Extradural extension of the spinal meningioma is not uncommon. To the best of our knowledge, the ossification in an extra-intradural spinal meningioma is not yet reported in the literature. The authors report a rare case of ...
Shaughnessy Mike R - - 2013
The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the results of studies which have determined the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane and sevoflurane in domestic cats. Systematic review. Cats. A comprehensive search of research literature was performed without language restriction. The search utilized the Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ...
Ranier George - - 2013
This case report describes a complication from use of an orogastric tube not previously described in the literature. An OG tube was placed and removed non-traumatically for the anesthetic management for an anterior-posterior cervical spinal fusion. Despite smooth placement and removal, the patient coughed up the tip of the OG ...
Verma Satish Kumar SK Department of Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
The presence of torcula or sinus in the occipital encephalocele presents a challenge during surgery. However, a detailed study of magnetic resonance image and magnetic resonance venography can aid in preoperative localization of the torcula. Knowing the encephalocele's contents, its relationship with falx cerebri and falx cerebelli, and vigilance during ...
Rocha Lilian Kelly - - 2013
Circumscribed palmoplantar hypokeratosis is a recently recognized dermatosis and rarely reported. It was first described in 2002 and is characterized by localized loss of the horny layer in the palmoplantar area. This dermatosis is clinically presented with a sharply circumscribed, reddish and asymptomatic plaque with slightly depressed surface localized on ...
Ha Kee-Yong - - 2013
Multiple myeloma, a multicentric hematological malignancy, is the most common primary tumor of the spine. As epidural myeloma causing spinal cord compression is a rare condition, its therapeutic approach and clinical results have been reported to be diverse, and no clear guidelines for therapeutic decision have been established. Three patients ...
Lee Myeong Jong - - 2013
Intramuscular stimulation (IMS) is widely used to treat myofascial pain syndrome. IMS is a safe procedure but several complications have been described. To our knowledge, spinal subarachnoid hematoma has never been reported as a complication of an IMS. The authors have experienced a case of spinal subarachnoid hematoma occurring after ...
Kim Seok Won - - 2013
Pneumorrhachis, which involves the entrapment of air or gas within the spinal canal, is a rare clinical entity, and the pathogenesis and etiologies of this uncommon entity are various and can present a diagnostic challenge. Usually, pneumorrhachis represents an asymptomatic epiphenomenon but it can produce symptoms associated with its underlying ...
Krishnan Prasad - - 2013
Lumbar puncture in the presence of an intracranial tumor with raised intracranial pressure is known to have catastrophic consequences due to herniation of intracranial contents through the tentorial hiatus or foramen magnum. There are relatively few case reports about the same sequence of events when lumbar puncture is performed below ...
Sharma Manish S MS Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, - - 2013
A 40-year-old male presented with mid-thoracic backache and progressive, ascending, spastic, paraparesis for one year. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an extraosseous, extradural mass, without any bone invasion at the T2-T4 vertebral levels, located dorsal to the thecal sac. The spinal cord was compressed ventrally. The lesion was totally excised after ...
Measham Thomas G - - 2013
Recent concerns over a crisis of identity and legitimacy in community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) have emerged following several decades of documented failure. A substantial literature has developed on the reasons for failure in CBNRM. In this paper, we complement this literature by considering these factors in relation to two ...
Schoonjans An-Sofie - - 2013
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas (SSEH) are a rare cause of spinal cord compression in childhood and especially in infancy. We reviewed the literature and describe a case of an 8-month-old boy with a large spontaneous cervico-thoracic epidural hematoma. With this review we want to detail the importance of early investigation, ...
Haslam Bryan - - 2013
A case is described of postoperative right hypoglossal neurapraxia after general anesthesia and interscalene block with endotracheal intubation for left total shoulder arthroplasty. Postoperative hypoglossal neurapraxia has been reported in cases, yet it remains a rare complication of anesthesia-related interventions. In this case report, postulated causes of hypoglossal neurapraxia are ...
Tataryn Zachary - - 2013
Traumatic epidural hematomas are critical emergencies in neurosurgery, and patients symptomatic from acute epidural hematomas are typically treated with rapid surgical decompression. However, some patients, if asymptomatic, may be treated with close clinical observation and serial imaging. Although rare, rapid spontaneous resolution of epidural hematomas in the pediatric population has ...
Jumani D B - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a 2-year-old boy with suspected meningitis who presented with acute onset neck pain and stiffness associated with right-sided weakness and ataxia. MANAGEMENT: Despite intravenous antibiotics and antiviral treatment, his condition deteriorated. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated spontaneous cervical epidural haematoma (C4-C7) extending down to thoracic ...
Taleb Mohammed - - 2013
Benzocaine is a widely used topical oropharyngeal anesthetic and has been reported to cause methemoglobinemia. We discuss benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia and review the causes, presentation, and management of this serious complication. Treatment with methylene blue will result in reversal of methemoglobinemia and clinical recovery in most cases but needs to be ...
Syrimpeis Vasileios - - 2013
Hemangiomas are the commonest benign tumors of the spine. Most occur in the thoracolumbar spine and the majority are asymptomatic. Rarely, hemangiomas cause symptoms through epidural expansion of the involved vertebra, resulting in spinal canal stenosis, spontaneous epidural hemorrhage, and pathological burst fracture. We report a rare case of a ...
Takeda Akira - - 2013
Localized scleroderma in the chest region of adolescent girls leads to incomplete breast development and breast asymmetry, for which patients may require treatment. The site of localized scleroderma, its activity, the surgeon, and the patient's desires influence the selection of treatment method. There have been few reports on surgical treatment ...
Cain Rachel B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To study reports of abducens nerve palsy following dural puncture procedures and to discuss possible etiologic theories, treatment, and prognosis. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted (PubMed, 1950 to September 2011) for cases of sixth cranial nerve palsy following dural puncture ...
Leffert Lisa R - - 2013
Parturients with intracranial lesions are often assumed to have increased intracranial pressure, even in the absence of clinical and radiographic signs. The risk of herniation after an inadvertent dural puncture is frequently cited as a contraindication to neuraxial anesthesia. This article reviews the relevant literature on the use of neuraxial ...
Kim Hae-Kyoung - - 2013
An 86-year-old female with a history of right rotator cuff injury was admitted for arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia. There were no remarkable immediate postoperative complications. However, while recovering in the general ward, she developed dyspnea with hypoxia. She was immediately treated with oxygen, and antibiotics after pneumomediastinum was ...
Arbuatti Alessio - - 2013
To describe the occurrence of various spinal deformations in a captive-bred wild line of Poecilia wingei (P. wingei). Fish belonging to a wild line of P. wingei caught from Laguna de Los Patos, Venezuela, were bred in an aquarium home-breeding system during a period of three years (2006-2009). The spinal ...
Chundru Naga Sirisha Venkata - - 2013
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is an uncommon, slow growing malignant salivary gland tumor that is characterized by wide local infiltration, perineural spread, propensity to local recurrence and distant metastasis. In this paper, the authors present a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma affecting the palate and involving the maxillary sinus in a ...
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