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deSouza R M RM Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Free Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Study Design Case report. Objective We present the first reported case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma secondary to calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (pseudogout) in a 75-year-old woman. Methods A retrospective review of the patient's case notes was undertaken and the limited literature on this subject reviewed. Results This patient presented with sudden-onset lower ...
Roopesh Kumar V R - - 2013
Primary intraosseous spinal malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is exceedingly rare. MPNST with multifocal origin has been described to occur in the extremities. Such a lesion has not been described to occur in the spine. We describe a case of multifocal spinal MPNST and to review the literature relevant ...
Figueira Edwin C - - 2013
To report 2 patients with apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid and review the literature. Noncomparative, retrospective case series and review. Clinical data of 2 patients with histopathologic diagnoses of apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid were obtained from medical records. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry data for the 2 cases were studied. ...
Ding Xiaobo X Department of Radiology, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2013
Localized amyloidosis of the ureter is a rare disease and can easily be confused with a neoplasm. We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with loin pain and painless gross hematuria. We also reviewed the English literature about localized ureteral amyloidosis. Middle-aged women were likely to suffer ...
Galanis Nikiforos - - 2013
: Judo is a combat sport with high risk of injury. We present a rare case of traumatic left posterior sternoclavicular (SC) joint dislocation, inflicted to a 12-year-old boy during a judo contest. An extensive literature review did not reveal any case of posterior SC joint dislocation in judo. The ...
Clausen Caroline - - 2013
Publications on abnormally invasive placenta in general report what can be considered a mixture of the conditions true accreta, increta and percreta varieties. The aim of this review was to identify all published cases of the most severe condition, placenta percreta in order to describe complications associated with the three ...
Phillips Blake C - - 2013
Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) is a rare phenomenon, but with advances in imaging and improvements in magnetic resonance imaging more cases are being identified. Even more uncommon is the finding of spinal cord avulsion as a type of SCIWORA with only single case reports in the literature. ...
Bruckman Karl C - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a syndrome characterized by a transient episode of heart failure. The specific etiology of this condition is widely speculated. The purpose of this case report and literature review was to investigate the incidence of TCM with regard to general anesthesia, especially those cases involving operative procedures ...
Lozinski Ala - - 2013
The evolution of liposuction has been multidisciplinary. The tumescent variant was developed using dilute local lidocaine and epinephrine and was meant to specifically exclude additional intravenous sedation, regional or general anesthesia, and intravenous fluids. Clinical pharmacology, pathophysiology, and safety studies are reviewed in this article. Tumescent formulations for varied anatomic ...
Haldar Rudrashish R Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
Acromesomelic dysplasias are autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasias. Acromesomelic dysplasia Maroteaux-type (AMDM), also known as St Helena dysplasia, is of two types: The classical and the mild variety. About 50 cases of AMDM have been reported till date, most of them being the classical variety. There is scarcity of literature on anesthesia ...
Chotai Silky P - - 2013
Intradural and intratumorous ossification in spinal meningiomas are rare compared to their cranial counterparts. Extradural extension of the spinal meningioma is not uncommon. To the best of our knowledge, the ossification in an extra-intradural spinal meningioma is not yet reported in the literature. The authors report a rare case of ...
Shaughnessy Mike R - - 2013
The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the results of studies which have determined the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane and sevoflurane in domestic cats. Systematic review. Cats. A comprehensive search of research literature was performed without language restriction. The search utilized the Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ...
Ranier George - - 2013
This case report describes a complication from use of an orogastric tube not previously described in the literature. An OG tube was placed and removed non-traumatically for the anesthetic management for an anterior-posterior cervical spinal fusion. Despite smooth placement and removal, the patient coughed up the tip of the OG ...
Verma Satish Kumar SK Department of Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
The presence of torcula or sinus in the occipital encephalocele presents a challenge during surgery. However, a detailed study of magnetic resonance image and magnetic resonance venography can aid in preoperative localization of the torcula. Knowing the encephalocele's contents, its relationship with falx cerebri and falx cerebelli, and vigilance during ...
Leffert Lisa R LR Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
Parturients with intracranial lesions are often assumed to have increased intracranial pressure, even in the absence of clinical and radiographic signs. The risk of herniation after an inadvertent dural puncture is frequently cited as a contraindication to neuraxial anesthesia. This article reviews the relevant literature on the use of neuraxial ...
Khorasani Mansour M Associated Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, School of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2013
Plagiocephaly (oblique skull) is premature fusion of one of the coronal sutures. Frontal plagiocephaly is a rare congenital deformity in the skull that is the most complicated form of craniosynostosis to treat. Examination of all sutures is necessary for diagnosis of craniosynostosis In this article, a 10-month-old, healthy girl with ...
Rocha Lilian Kelly - - 2013
Circumscribed palmoplantar hypokeratosis is a recently recognized dermatosis and rarely reported. It was first described in 2002 and is characterized by localized loss of the horny layer in the palmoplantar area. This dermatosis is clinically presented with a sharply circumscribed, reddish and asymptomatic plaque with slightly depressed surface localized on ...
Ha Kee-Yong - - 2013
Multiple myeloma, a multicentric hematological malignancy, is the most common primary tumor of the spine. As epidural myeloma causing spinal cord compression is a rare condition, its therapeutic approach and clinical results have been reported to be diverse, and no clear guidelines for therapeutic decision have been established. Three patients ...
Lee Myeong Jong - - 2013
Intramuscular stimulation (IMS) is widely used to treat myofascial pain syndrome. IMS is a safe procedure but several complications have been described. To our knowledge, spinal subarachnoid hematoma has never been reported as a complication of an IMS. The authors have experienced a case of spinal subarachnoid hematoma occurring after ...
Kim Seok Won - - 2013
Pneumorrhachis, which involves the entrapment of air or gas within the spinal canal, is a rare clinical entity, and the pathogenesis and etiologies of this uncommon entity are various and can present a diagnostic challenge. Usually, pneumorrhachis represents an asymptomatic epiphenomenon but it can produce symptoms associated with its underlying ...
Krishnan Prasad - - 2013
Lumbar puncture in the presence of an intracranial tumor with raised intracranial pressure is known to have catastrophic consequences due to herniation of intracranial contents through the tentorial hiatus or foramen magnum. There are relatively few case reports about the same sequence of events when lumbar puncture is performed below ...
Sharma Manish S MS Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, - - 2013
A 40-year-old male presented with mid-thoracic backache and progressive, ascending, spastic, paraparesis for one year. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an extraosseous, extradural mass, without any bone invasion at the T2-T4 vertebral levels, located dorsal to the thecal sac. The spinal cord was compressed ventrally. The lesion was totally excised after ...
Kasliwal Manish K MK Department of Neurosurgery, RUSH University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2013
Isolated spinal cord neurosarcoidosis (NS) in the absence of systemic disease or intracranial involvement is exceptionally rare. Adjunctive laboratory tests though useful may not be reliable and the absence of any pathognomonic radiological features makes the diagnosis difficult. As spinal cord NS may be a presenting feature of systemic sarcoidosis ...
Measham Thomas G - - 2013
Recent concerns over a crisis of identity and legitimacy in community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) have emerged following several decades of documented failure. A substantial literature has developed on the reasons for failure in CBNRM. In this paper, we complement this literature by considering these factors in relation to two ...
Schoonjans An-Sofie - - 2013
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas (SSEH) are a rare cause of spinal cord compression in childhood and especially in infancy. We reviewed the literature and describe a case of an 8-month-old boy with a large spontaneous cervico-thoracic epidural hematoma. With this review we want to detail the importance of early investigation, ...
Haslam Bryan - - 2013
A case is described of postoperative right hypoglossal neurapraxia after general anesthesia and interscalene block with endotracheal intubation for left total shoulder arthroplasty. Postoperative hypoglossal neurapraxia has been reported in cases, yet it remains a rare complication of anesthesia-related interventions. In this case report, postulated causes of hypoglossal neurapraxia are ...
Tataryn Zachary - - 2013
Traumatic epidural hematomas are critical emergencies in neurosurgery, and patients symptomatic from acute epidural hematomas are typically treated with rapid surgical decompression. However, some patients, if asymptomatic, may be treated with close clinical observation and serial imaging. Although rare, rapid spontaneous resolution of epidural hematomas in the pediatric population has ...
Jumani D B - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a 2-year-old boy with suspected meningitis who presented with acute onset neck pain and stiffness associated with right-sided weakness and ataxia. MANAGEMENT: Despite intravenous antibiotics and antiviral treatment, his condition deteriorated. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated spontaneous cervical epidural haematoma (C4-C7) extending down to thoracic ...
Taleb Mohammed - - 2013
Benzocaine is a widely used topical oropharyngeal anesthetic and has been reported to cause methemoglobinemia. We discuss benzocaine-induced methemoglobinemia and review the causes, presentation, and management of this serious complication. Treatment with methylene blue will result in reversal of methemoglobinemia and clinical recovery in most cases but needs to be ...
Syrimpeis Vasileios - - 2013
Hemangiomas are the commonest benign tumors of the spine. Most occur in the thoracolumbar spine and the majority are asymptomatic. Rarely, hemangiomas cause symptoms through epidural expansion of the involved vertebra, resulting in spinal canal stenosis, spontaneous epidural hemorrhage, and pathological burst fracture. We report a rare case of a ...
Takeda Akira - - 2013
Localized scleroderma in the chest region of adolescent girls leads to incomplete breast development and breast asymmetry, for which patients may require treatment. The site of localized scleroderma, its activity, the surgeon, and the patient's desires influence the selection of treatment method. There have been few reports on surgical treatment ...
Cain Rachel B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To study reports of abducens nerve palsy following dural puncture procedures and to discuss possible etiologic theories, treatment, and prognosis. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted (PubMed, 1950 to September 2011) for cases of sixth cranial nerve palsy following dural puncture ...
Kim Hae-Kyoung - - 2013
An 86-year-old female with a history of right rotator cuff injury was admitted for arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia. There were no remarkable immediate postoperative complications. However, while recovering in the general ward, she developed dyspnea with hypoxia. She was immediately treated with oxygen, and antibiotics after pneumomediastinum was ...
Arbuatti Alessio - - 2013
To describe the occurrence of various spinal deformations in a captive-bred wild line of Poecilia wingei (P. wingei). Fish belonging to a wild line of P. wingei caught from Laguna de Los Patos, Venezuela, were bred in an aquarium home-breeding system during a period of three years (2006-2009). The spinal ...
Chundru Naga Sirisha Venkata - - 2013
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is an uncommon, slow growing malignant salivary gland tumor that is characterized by wide local infiltration, perineural spread, propensity to local recurrence and distant metastasis. In this paper, the authors present a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma affecting the palate and involving the maxillary sinus in a ...
Yeon Hyeonkyeong H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, - - 2013
We describe a case in which homonymous hemianopsia developed abruptly following an epidural blood patch procedure. The procedure was performed in a patient complaining of post-dural puncture headache after an emergency Cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated that air bubbles had moved from the ...
Torok Collin - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: A single case is presented of a spontaneously resolving epidural arteriovenous fistula caused by a stab wound.OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a unique case of a spontaneously resolving epidural arteriovenous fistula caused by a stab wound, as well as to present a brief review of pathology.SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal ...
Schallner Nils - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Conflicting reports about adverse events following nitrous oxide (N2O) application have spurred a discussion whether N2O should be abandoned from clinical practice. Concurrently, N2O is increasingly used as a single anesthetic agent in medical procedures. This article reviews and discusses reports about the present use of N2O. ...
Allmendinger Andrew M - - 2013
Spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are increasingly recognized in patients presenting with orthostatic headache and ultimately diagnosed with intracranial hypotension. While the precise cause of these spontaneous leaks is unknown, it is thought to result from underlying weakness in the spinal meninges and may be associated with meningeal diverticula ...
Khalaf Mohd W - - 2013
/st> The authors performed a systematic search of the literature to identify the frequency of, risk of experiencing and factors associated with adrenal crises in dental patients. /st> The authors searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE (1947-June 20, 2012) and Embase (1974-2012) for English-language articles related to cases of adrenal crisis ...
Dyamanna Devaraj Nidagatte - - 2013
Spinal anesthesia has been regarded as safe and simple technique since its introduction into anesthesia practice. Bradycardia and hypotension under spinal anesthesia is a known phenomenon. However sudden unexpected bradycardia and cardiac arrest under spinal anesthesia is considered as rare and uncommon manifestation. On the contrary, as per current reviews, ...
Franco-Hernández José Antonio - - 2013
CONTENT: Strumpell-Lorrain disease - or familial spastic paraplegia (FSP) - is a rare hereditary neurological disorder, mainly characterized by variable degrees of stiffness and weakening of the muscles, with cognitive impairment, deafness, and ataxia in the more severe cases. We describe two female siblings with FSP programmed for cholecystectomy and ...
Oymaci Erkan - - 2013
Carcinosarcoma of the pancreas is a rare entity comprising a small subset of all pancreatic neoplasms. Diagnosis is usually established by immunohistochemical examination of the resected specimen. Prognosis is limited to several months after resection. We review the current literature on this rare type of neoplasia, considering histopathological and clinical ...
Johnson Philip - - 2013
Nocardia species exist in the environment as a saprophyte; it is found worldwide in soil and decaying plant matter. They often infect patients with underlying immune compromise, pulmonary disease or history of trauma or surgery. The diagnosis of nocardiosis can be easily missed as it mimics many other granulomatous and ...
Rowles Thomas A - - 2013
CONTRIBUTING REVIEWERS: The editors of BMC Surgery would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 12 (2012).
Neumayr Andreas - - 2013
Bone involvement in human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is rare, but affects the spine in approximately 50% of cases. Despite significant advances in diagnostic imaging techniques as well as surgical and medical treatment of spinal CE, our basic understanding of the parasite's predilection for the spine remains incomplete. To fill this ...
Huang Xin - - 2013
Primary spinal melanoma (PSM) is rare and usually occurs in the cervical and thoracic regions. Here, we present a case of multiple spinal cord melanoma located at the level of cervical and upper thoracic spine in a 24-year-old male. The patient underwent a T6-T7 thoracic laminectomy and gross-total resection of ...
Tucer Bulent - - 2013
Vertebral hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions of the vertebral column; only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas cause spinal cord compression. We report a 34-year-old female who was admitted to the neurosurgery clinic with a history of back pain, poor quality of life and easy fatigability for 1.5 years. Her medical ...
Ozgiray Erkin - - 2013
Primary spinal glioblastoma multiforme (spinal GBM) is not a very common entity. This paper presents an outline of this rare neoplasm, its clinical presentation, course, management and outcome and reports a 3-case series of spinal GBM. In this 3-case series with spinal GBM, one of the patients was operated for ...
Choi Clark K CK Department of Anesthesiology, Maimonides Medical Center, 4802 10th Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11219, - - 2013
Anesthetic management of laboring parturients with Arnold-Chiari type I malformation poses a difficult challenge for the anesthesiologist. The increase in intracranial pressure during uterine contractions, coughing, valsalva maneuvers, and expulsion of the fetus can be detrimental to the mother during the process of labor and delivery. No concrete evidence has ...
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