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Allison David W - - 2014
The use of transcranial motor evoked potentials (TCMEPs) to detect and hopefully prevent injury to the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves intraoperatively has increased greatly in recent years. It is well established that in addition to certain anesthetic agents, patient factors such as advanced age, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and ...
Kim Young-Mo YM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, - - 2014
The authors report a case of localized nodular tenosynovitis originating from the medial plicae of the knee that was grossly observable, palpable, and symptomatic. A 41-year-old male visited our hospital with a complaint of knee pain that began 4 years ago. He complained of intermittent catching and a mass that ...
Griessenauer Christoph J CJ Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Venous drainage of the spine and spinal cord is accomplished through a complex network of venous structures compartmentalized to intrinsic, extrinsic, and extradural systems. As the literature on this topic is scarce, the following review was performed to summarize the available literature into a single coherent format. The medical literature ...
Craig Douglas D Department of Anesthesia, McGill University Health Centre, McGill University, Room D10.142, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, QC, H3G 1A4, Canada, - - 2014
The timing of the earliest reported ether anesthetics in early 1847, in regions to become Canada in July 1867, was examined using information from on-line and library-based sources. Previous authors had identified the first reported ether anesthetic given by a visiting American dentist in January 1847 in Saint John, New ...
Patzkowski M M Department of Anesthesia, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report a novel circumstance of brachial plexus anesthesia in a parturient. A 25-year-old woman at 34weeks of gestation presented with a pathologic proximal right humerus fracture from an intramedullary mass. She was scheduled for tumor biopsy which was performed using a two-site ultrasound-guided brachial plexus block to maximize odds ...
Ito Hirotaka H Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, - - 2014
We herein report the case of a 63-year-old woman with an acute spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma who presented with acute hemiparesis and was successfully managed with surgery. Based on a literature review of 50 cases of spontaneous cervical epidural hematomas, we concluded that the relatively high frequency of hemiparesis (12 ...
Kate Mahesh P MP Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G0T1, - - 2014
The spectrum of presentation of intracranial hypotension is clinically perplexing. We report a case of 31-year-old post-partum woman who underwent an uneventful caesarean section under spinal anesthesia. From the second day of surgery she developed postural headache, the headache lost its postural character after few days. She then developed seizures ...
Tan Sien Hui SH Department of Anaesthesia, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road 119 074, - - 2014
We present a 9-year-old boy with X-linked cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (X-linked ALD) and previous umbilical cord transplant who required general anaesthesia. An anaesthetic plan for each individual should be tailored to ensure the best possible anaesthetic care for these patients. The anaesthetic considerations include mental retardation, seizure disorder, hypotonia, liver function ...
Gathwala Geeta G Department of Pediatrics, The Division of Neonatal Services, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disease characterized by degeneration of alpha motor neurons in the spinal cord, resulting in progressive proximal muscle weakness and paralysis. In addition to the three classical SMA types, a new form known as type 0 with intrauterine onset, profound hypotonia and ...
Shivanthan Mitrakrishnan Chrishan MC University Medical Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
Hump-nosed viper bites are common in the Indian subcontinent. In the past, hump-nosed vipers (Hypnale species) were considered moderately venomous snakes whose bites result mainly in local envenoming. However, a variety of severe local effects, hemostatic dysfunction, microangiopathic hemolysis, kidney injury and death have been reported following envenoming by Hypnale ...
Bousquet Yves Y Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0C6, - - 2014
The North American (north of Mexico) species of the tenebrionid genus Paratenetus Spinola are reviewed and a key is presented for their identification. Five species are recognized, P. gibbipennis Motschulsky, P. fuscus LeConte, P. punctatus Spinola and two sp. n., P. exutus [type locality: Tabusintac, Nova Scotia] and P. texanus ...
Gaszynska Ewelina E Department of Emergency Medicine and Disaster Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
Intubation of patients with a supraglottic mass causing obstruction of the glottis remains a difficult problem for the experienced anesthesiologist. Awake fiberscopic endotracheal intubation is the recommended approach in such cases; however, use of a video laryngoscope for awake intubation can be an alternative to a fiberscope. Here we present ...
Assefa Getachew - - 2014
We report a 16 year old male patient from rural Ethiopia with pathologically and intraoperatively proven thoracic para spinal and epidural hydatidosis, a very rare involvement, who presented with progresive both lower limb weakness, loss of pain, touch and properioception and double incontinence of two weeks prior to hospital admission. ...
Skvarla Michael J MJ Department of Entomology, 319 AGRI Building, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, 72701, - - 2014
Cunaxidae are predaceous mites found in a variety of habitats. This work provides comprehensive keys to world subfamilies, genera, and species. Diagnoses and historical reviews are provided for subfamilies and genera. Cunaxa boneti, C. denmarki, C. exoterica, C. floridanus, C. lehmanae, C. lukoschusi, C. metzi, C. myabunderensis, C newyorkensis, C. ...
Fadda G L GL ENT Department, San Luigi Gonzaga University Hospital, Regione Gonzole 10, Orbassano, 10043 Turin, - - 2014
Sinonasal actinomycosis should be suspected when a patient with chronic sinusitis does not respond to medical therapy or has a history of facial trauma, dental disease, cancer, immunodeficiency, long-term steroid therapy, diabetes, or malnutrition. Radiological evaluation with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are important in differential diagnosis, evaluating the ...
Cheraghvandi Ali A 1. Assistant Professor, Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Silicosis is considered to be among the occupational lung diseases and associated with sandblasting, mining, quarrying and tunneling. Acute silicosis is usually progressive diseaseand despite treatment with corticosteroids it leads to cardio-respiratory failure and death. Alveolar silicoproteinosis is one of it's acute presentations due to exposure to silica dust and ...
Chu L Z LZ Department of Pathology, Guiyang Medical University, Guiyang, - - 2014
An effective therapy for multifocal central nervous system hemangioblastoma (CNS HB) is needed. Here, we report a case of multifocal CNS HB. A 43-year-old man was diagnosed with CNS HB by enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Six solid tumors and one cystic nodule were detected in his cerebellum. ...
Mahmoud Mustafa Z MZ Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Salman bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Basic Sciences, College of Medical Radiological Sciences, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, - - 2014
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a highly precise medical procedure used locally to heat and destroy diseased tissue through ablation. This study intended to review HIFU in uterine fibroid therapy, to evaluate the role of HIFU in the therapy of leiomyomas as well as to review the actual clinical activities ...
Santin G C GC Department of Pediatric Clinics, Preventive and Community Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Background. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the efficacy of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (PDTa) on cariogenic dental biofilm. Types of Studies Reviewed. Studies in vivo, in vitro, and in situ were included. Articles that did not address PDTa, those that did ...
Ramadan Mahmoud M MM Department of Cardiology, Mansoura University, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, - - 2014
Background Despite the widespread use of fibrinolytic therapy and the numerous reports on its bleeding complications, spontaneous hemarthrosis following fibrinolytic therapy is quite rare. Case Report We describe in this report a patient with no previous history of articular disease who developed a spontaneous right knee bloody effusion following fibrinolytic ...
Jarius S S Molecular Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Otto Meyerhof Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 350, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2013
While the history of classical multiple sclerosis has been extensively studied, only little is known about the early history of neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome). Here we discuss a forgotten report by Edward Octavius Hocken (1820-1845) published in The Lancet in 1841. Hocken's report is important from a historic point of ...
Root Kustritz Margaret V MV Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, 1365 Gortner Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pediatric gonadectomy is most commonly performed by humane organizations as a means of population control. Benefits and detriments of gonadectomy are reviewed, with special attention to literature describing effects specific to age at gonadectomy. Techniques for pediatric anesthesia and surgery are reviewed.
Ji Gyu Yeul GY Department of Neurosurgery, Guro Teun Teun Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ; Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2013
Coexistence of cranial and spinal subdural hematomas is rare and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a case of cranial and spinal subdural hematomas after previous head trauma. As the pathogenesis of simultaneous intracranial and spinal subdural hematoma yet remains unclear, we developed ...
Yang Jin Seo JS Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, - - 2013
Ossified lipoma or osteolipoma are rarely reported. It is defined as a histologic variant of lipoma that has undergone osseous metaplasia. Osteolipoma presents with a dominant osseous component within a lipoma. We report a case of a histologically confirmed osteolipoma on the nuchal ligament independent of bone. The patient was ...
Tang M L ML Sibu Hospital, ENT, Jalan Ulu Oya 5 1/2,, Sibu, Sarawak 96000, Malaysia. - - 2013
A 19 year-old man was presented to us in a state of respiratory distress with history of alleged accidentally swallowed the live fish. Flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscope showed a big live fish impacted in the laryngopharynx. Attempts to remove the fish orally were futile as the fish was impacted. We resorted to ...
Yamamoto Junkoh J Department of Neurosurgery, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
Study Design Case report. Objective Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an uncommon tumor of the pleural epithelium with a predilection for local spread into adjacent tissues. The sarcomatoid type accounts for ∼10% of MM cases and is associated with poorer survival than the epithelioid, desmoplastic, and biphasic types. MM commonly presents with involvement ...
deSouza R M RM Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Free Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Study Design Case report. Objective We present the first reported case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma secondary to calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (pseudogout) in a 75-year-old woman. Methods A retrospective review of the patient's case notes was undertaken and the limited literature on this subject reviewed. Results This patient presented with sudden-onset lower ...
Roopesh Kumar V R - - 2013
Primary intraosseous spinal malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is exceedingly rare. MPNST with multifocal origin has been described to occur in the extremities. Such a lesion has not been described to occur in the spine. We describe a case of multifocal spinal MPNST and to review the literature relevant ...
Figueira Edwin C - - 2013
To report 2 patients with apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid and review the literature. Noncomparative, retrospective case series and review. Clinical data of 2 patients with histopathologic diagnoses of apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid were obtained from medical records. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry data for the 2 cases were studied. ...
Ding Xiaobo X Department of Radiology, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2013
Localized amyloidosis of the ureter is a rare disease and can easily be confused with a neoplasm. We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with loin pain and painless gross hematuria. We also reviewed the English literature about localized ureteral amyloidosis. Middle-aged women were likely to suffer ...
Galanis Nikiforos - - 2013
: Judo is a combat sport with high risk of injury. We present a rare case of traumatic left posterior sternoclavicular (SC) joint dislocation, inflicted to a 12-year-old boy during a judo contest. An extensive literature review did not reveal any case of posterior SC joint dislocation in judo. The ...
Clausen Caroline - - 2013
Publications on abnormally invasive placenta in general report what can be considered a mixture of the conditions true accreta, increta and percreta varieties. The aim of this review was to identify all published cases of the most severe condition, placenta percreta in order to describe complications associated with the three ...
Phillips Blake C - - 2013
Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) is a rare phenomenon, but with advances in imaging and improvements in magnetic resonance imaging more cases are being identified. Even more uncommon is the finding of spinal cord avulsion as a type of SCIWORA with only single case reports in the literature. ...
Bruckman Karl C - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a syndrome characterized by a transient episode of heart failure. The specific etiology of this condition is widely speculated. The purpose of this case report and literature review was to investigate the incidence of TCM with regard to general anesthesia, especially those cases involving operative procedures ...
Lozinski Ala - - 2013
The evolution of liposuction has been multidisciplinary. The tumescent variant was developed using dilute local lidocaine and epinephrine and was meant to specifically exclude additional intravenous sedation, regional or general anesthesia, and intravenous fluids. Clinical pharmacology, pathophysiology, and safety studies are reviewed in this article. Tumescent formulations for varied anatomic ...
Haldar Rudrashish R Department of Anaesthesiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
Acromesomelic dysplasias are autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasias. Acromesomelic dysplasia Maroteaux-type (AMDM), also known as St Helena dysplasia, is of two types: The classical and the mild variety. About 50 cases of AMDM have been reported till date, most of them being the classical variety. There is scarcity of literature on anesthesia ...
Chotai Silky P - - 2013
Intradural and intratumorous ossification in spinal meningiomas are rare compared to their cranial counterparts. Extradural extension of the spinal meningioma is not uncommon. To the best of our knowledge, the ossification in an extra-intradural spinal meningioma is not yet reported in the literature. The authors report a rare case of ...
Shaughnessy Mike R - - 2013
The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the results of studies which have determined the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane and sevoflurane in domestic cats. Systematic review. Cats. A comprehensive search of research literature was performed without language restriction. The search utilized the Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ...
Ranier George - - 2013
This case report describes a complication from use of an orogastric tube not previously described in the literature. An OG tube was placed and removed non-traumatically for the anesthetic management for an anterior-posterior cervical spinal fusion. Despite smooth placement and removal, the patient coughed up the tip of the OG ...
Verma Satish Kumar SK Department of Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
The presence of torcula or sinus in the occipital encephalocele presents a challenge during surgery. However, a detailed study of magnetic resonance image and magnetic resonance venography can aid in preoperative localization of the torcula. Knowing the encephalocele's contents, its relationship with falx cerebri and falx cerebelli, and vigilance during ...
Leffert Lisa R LR Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
Parturients with intracranial lesions are often assumed to have increased intracranial pressure, even in the absence of clinical and radiographic signs. The risk of herniation after an inadvertent dural puncture is frequently cited as a contraindication to neuraxial anesthesia. This article reviews the relevant literature on the use of neuraxial ...
Khorasani Mansour M Associated Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, School of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2013
Plagiocephaly (oblique skull) is premature fusion of one of the coronal sutures. Frontal plagiocephaly is a rare congenital deformity in the skull that is the most complicated form of craniosynostosis to treat. Examination of all sutures is necessary for diagnosis of craniosynostosis In this article, a 10-month-old, healthy girl with ...
Rocha Lilian Kelly - - 2013
Circumscribed palmoplantar hypokeratosis is a recently recognized dermatosis and rarely reported. It was first described in 2002 and is characterized by localized loss of the horny layer in the palmoplantar area. This dermatosis is clinically presented with a sharply circumscribed, reddish and asymptomatic plaque with slightly depressed surface localized on ...
Ha Kee-Yong - - 2013
Multiple myeloma, a multicentric hematological malignancy, is the most common primary tumor of the spine. As epidural myeloma causing spinal cord compression is a rare condition, its therapeutic approach and clinical results have been reported to be diverse, and no clear guidelines for therapeutic decision have been established. Three patients ...
Lee Myeong Jong - - 2013
Intramuscular stimulation (IMS) is widely used to treat myofascial pain syndrome. IMS is a safe procedure but several complications have been described. To our knowledge, spinal subarachnoid hematoma has never been reported as a complication of an IMS. The authors have experienced a case of spinal subarachnoid hematoma occurring after ...
Kim Seok Won - - 2013
Pneumorrhachis, which involves the entrapment of air or gas within the spinal canal, is a rare clinical entity, and the pathogenesis and etiologies of this uncommon entity are various and can present a diagnostic challenge. Usually, pneumorrhachis represents an asymptomatic epiphenomenon but it can produce symptoms associated with its underlying ...
Krishnan Prasad - - 2013
Lumbar puncture in the presence of an intracranial tumor with raised intracranial pressure is known to have catastrophic consequences due to herniation of intracranial contents through the tentorial hiatus or foramen magnum. There are relatively few case reports about the same sequence of events when lumbar puncture is performed below ...
Sharma Manish S MS Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, - - 2013
A 40-year-old male presented with mid-thoracic backache and progressive, ascending, spastic, paraparesis for one year. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an extraosseous, extradural mass, without any bone invasion at the T2-T4 vertebral levels, located dorsal to the thecal sac. The spinal cord was compressed ventrally. The lesion was totally excised after ...
Kasliwal Manish K MK Department of Neurosurgery, RUSH University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2013
Isolated spinal cord neurosarcoidosis (NS) in the absence of systemic disease or intracranial involvement is exceptionally rare. Adjunctive laboratory tests though useful may not be reliable and the absence of any pathognomonic radiological features makes the diagnosis difficult. As spinal cord NS may be a presenting feature of systemic sarcoidosis ...
Measham Thomas G - - 2013
Recent concerns over a crisis of identity and legitimacy in community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) have emerged following several decades of documented failure. A substantial literature has developed on the reasons for failure in CBNRM. In this paper, we complement this literature by considering these factors in relation to two ...
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