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Results 401 - 450 of 589
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Schimpl G - - 1993
Choledochocele is a rare abnormality of unknown etiology that consists of cystic or diverticular dilatations of the intramural part of the common bile duct. The authors present a case of choledochocele with a common channel in a 15-year-old boy who had a 5-year history of intermittent right upper abdominal pain. ...
Carter F M - - 1993
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare and severe reaction to certain drugs that results in full-thickness epidermal necrosis of the skin. Other mucosal surfaces such as the oropharynx, esophagus, conjunctiva, and genitalia may also be affected. Specific involvement of the colon is distinctly unusual. A case of TEN that ...
Bansal V - - 1993
We present detailed case reviews of four very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in whom central venous silastic catheter perforation was associated with Staphylococcus epidermidis sepsis. The diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma presented by the intracavitary fluid collections occurring in all four of these cases proved to be of clinical interest. ...
Sehgal V N - - 1993
Perforating dermatoses, an often overlooked entity comprised of Kyrle's disease, perforating folliculitis, reactive perforating collagenosis, elastosis perforans serpiginosa, and acquired perforating dermatosis, are succinctly described, focusing attention on their clinical features, histopathology, treatment, and pathogenesis. The literature on these facets has been extensively reviewed. In addition, three fresh cases of ...
Kestemberg A - - 1993
We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who presented with chronic rectal bleeding. On proctosigmoidoscopy, a polypoid elevation in the rectal ampulla measuring 5 x 3 cm was found. Biopsies were reported to show gastric mucosa. The Giemsa stain showed Helicobacter pylori-like organisms. Including our patient, there are now ...
Mayer R D - - 1993
Neurotrophic ulceration of the face is a rare but well recognized sequel to division of the trigeminal nerve. Trauma is an important contributory factor and thought to be due in part to paraesthesiae, which encourages picking and scratching, with resultant chronic and persistent ulceration. A case is described of an ...
Meissner K - - 1993
A case is reported of progressive inner layer slough of the stomach antrum resulting in free perforation following endoscopic injection hemostasis of ulcer bleeding using a total of 5 ml polidocanol. This rare complication necessitated gastric resection. Relevant etiologic factors favoring this type of tissue response to endoscopic treatment are ...
Ueno S - - 1993
We report herein a female infant in whom a heterotopic pancreas in the stomach caused gastrointestinal hemorrhage during the newborn period. Endoscopy was essential for ruling out other causes of hemorrhage and to follow the patient until the time of elective surgery at 6 months of age. Heterotopic pancreas should ...
Barbish A W - - 1993
Bleeding from duodenal varices is an unusual event. We report the case of a 50-yr-old man with portal hypertension due to alcoholic cirrhosis who presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and encephalopathy. Emergent endoscopy revealed an actively bleeding duodenal varix. The bleeding was treated successfully with injection sclerotherapy. Only four cases ...
Kimura W - - 1992
The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of histologic changes of the papilla of Vater in cases with a juxtapapillary diverticulum, with special reference to the pathogenesis of gallstones. Three hundred and sixty-two autopsy cases, mainly of aged people, were analyzed. The incidence of both diverticulum and ...
Luchette F A - - 1992
Colonic perforation during flexible colonoscopy is a rare but recognized complication. We reviewed 4,593 colonoscopies performed from 1984 to 1989. The perforation rate for diagnostic colonoscopy was 0.17% (6/3,538) and for therapeutic colonoscopy it was 2% (21/1,055). Four perforations of the right colon occurred at a site proximal to the ...
Kusumoto H - - 1992
A 54-yr-old man who complained of abdominal pain was found to have an adenocarcinoma arising in Meckel's diverticulum, as preoperatively diagnosed with 99mTc-pertechnetate scintigraphy. Angiography of the superior mesenteric artery revealed multiple branched arteries and tumor stain, but the vitelline artery was not clearly identified. Surgery revealed that the tumor ...
Fitzgerald S D - - 1992
Subcutaneous neck emphysema has been reported infrequently following colonoscopic perforation and only a single case of pneumopericardium has been previously reported. The successful management of these patients in the literature has largely been non-operative. We report a case of colonoscopic perforation which presented with subcutaneous neck emphysema, pneumopericardium, and pneumoperitoneum ...
Bramson R T - - 1992
Eight cases of children with intussusception in whom the bowel perforated during attempts at enema reduction are reviewed. Certain features in each case suggest that perforation may not be secondary to increased intraluminal pressure from the enema, but that necrotic perforated bowel is uncovered as the intussusception is reduced. A ...
Kyriazis A P - - 1992
We present two cases of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who, in the course of their disease, suffered multiple intestinal perforations that were directly related to cytomegalovirus infection. Biopsy and surgical specimens and autopsy findings in both cases revealed extensive lesions of gastroenteritis; the gastroenteritis was characterized by randomly distributed ...
Dewire D M - - 1992
We report a case of perforated adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon in an inguinal hernia presenting as Fournier's gangrene. Bowel perforation has been known to cause this disease but, to our knowledge, perforation in an inguinal hernia due to benign or malignant disease has not been reported elsewhere. Gastrointestinal tract ...
Burton D M - - 1992
Coins are often reported as the most commonly ingested foreign body (FB) in children. They are felt to be benign FBs since they usually pass through the gastrointestinal tract without incident. However, when these objects become impacted within the esophageal lumen, they can perforate the esophagus and migrate extraluminally. Symptoms ...
Vallera D U - - 1992
We report a case of gastric heterotopia in the gallbladder of an 18-year-old man. Symptoms of acute cholecystitis are characteristic in patients under 20 years old, while older patients present with chronic cholecystitis and gallstones. The heterotopic mucosa results either in a mass, a polyp, or a multiloculated gallbladder. Twenty-eight ...
Beiles C B - - 1992
Gastric dilatation and perforation is a rare complication in anorexia/bulimia sufferers. We describe a 24 year old female who presented with severe abdominal pain and vomiting, in whom radiographs demonstrated gross gastric dilatation and subsequent perforation. Although gastric perforation is rare, one can anticipate a rising incidence, with the apparent ...
Rudge F W - - 1992
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital abnormality of the small bowel; it occurs in approximately 2% of the population. Complications of Meckel's diverticulum include hemorrhage, usually associated with heterotopic tissue within the diverticulum, intussusception, development of benign or malignant neoplasms, and inflammation. Formation of one or more enteroliths within ...
Van Hee R - - 1992
A middle-aged patient is reported who came to laparotomy after a six months period of abdominal complaints. Extensive investigations couldn't explain his symptoms. At laparotomy he was found to have an ileal intussusception due to an invaginated Meckel's diverticulum. These events are confronted with other collected literature reports. Symptomatology and ...
Odze R D - - 1991
A 71-year-old woman with a remote history of esophagogastric resection for malignancy developed abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. She died of shock 15 days after admission, during which time clinical investigation failed to reveal recurrent tumor or an ulcer. The autopsy revealed massive exsanguination secondary to a peptic-ulcer-induced aortoenteric fistula ...
Davis E - - 1991
An unusual case of colonic hamartoma in a 67-year-old man is reported. Colonoscopy polyp surveillance revealed a polypoid lesion of the sigmoid colon which had the characteristics of a hamartoma on microscopic examination. The lesion, which was classified as a colonic hamartoma, is described. Review of the literature revealed no ...
Minocha A - - 1991
Secondary or complex pneumomediastinum following esophagoscopy is due to an esophageal perforation. Primary or simple pneumomediastinum may be caused by maneuvers such as coughing, gagging, swallowing, choking, and valsalva. These maneuvers are common during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Esophageal perforation is a potentially life threatening event, while simple pneumomediastinum is usually ...
Patki A H - - 1991
The cases of two young men with coexistent lepromatous leprosy and reactive perforating collagenosis are reported. Although both patients' parents were consanguineous, experimental induction of Koebner's phenomenon by superficial scratching failed to produce the lesions of reactive perforating collagenosis. The lesions of reactive perforating collagenosis showed a satisfactory response to ...
Fujino M A - - 1991
Among 108 cases of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) performed from January 1984 through September 1989, post-EIS variceal bleeding occurred in 38 case (35%). Death was significantly more frequent among the post-EIS bleeders than non-bleeders (55% v. 27%). Background factors were analyzed for failure to prevent bleeding. The curve of the ...
Stephenson C A - - 1991
Perforation of the gallbladder is a known sequela of acalculus cholecystitis or trauma. A perforated gallbladder may be acute or chronic and can present with vague symptoms making the diagnosis difficult. With delayed recognition there is increased morbidity and mortality. The preoperative diagnosis requires an awareness of the symptoms and ...
Trinh T D - - 1991
Review of the English literature revealed 21 cases describing abnormalities on barium enema secondary to amyloidosis of the colon. These cases were categorized as to frequency of specific barium enema findings and distribution within the colon. The most common radiologic findings were luminal narrowing (11 of 21), loss of haustrations ...
Ukety T O - - 1991
Eight cases of ocular ulcerative herpes following measles are reported. The clinical features are characterized by dendritic corneal ulcer (6 cases) and ulcero-erosive blepharitis associated with corneal ulcer (2 cases). Bacteriologic examination disclosed Pseudomonas aeruginosas in 2 cases. The serum level of retinol, RBP, prealbumin and albumin were generally diminished ...
Merine D - - 1991
Radiographic features of the duodenal mucosa were analyzed in a series of 26 patients in whom the diagnosis of Brunner gland hyperplasis (BGH) had been established by endoscopic biopsies. The observed mucosal patterns could be classified into five categories: (1) focal BGH causing a solitary submucosal adenoma or a cluster ...
Turner J S - - 1991
Although complications of enteral feeding are usually minor, we report an unusual and serious case of oesophageal obstruction after feeding with osmolite, a commonly used polymeric enteral feeding preparation. The patient described underwent rigid oesophagoscopy to remove the feed which had solidified and blocked the entire oesophageal lumen. The procedure ...
Cottone C - - 1991
This paper reports on a case of colonic bleeding from an angiodysplastic lesion of the ascending colon in a 71-year-old diabetic woman, resulting in severe anemia in the patient, who was treated using the BICAP electrocoagulation system. The present report includes a description of this technique, which involves the use ...
Neilson I R - - 1990
Despite advances in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease, occasionally there is still a delay in presentation. We report an unrecognized case of Hirschsprung's disease in a patient who presented at 11 years of age with volvulus of the transverse colon. This is the eighth reported case of colonic volvulus secondary ...
Sato S - - 1990
A 71 year old woman with hiatal herniation was admitted to our hospital with anemia and melena. A barium enema revealed hiatal herniation of the transverse colon in conjunction with the stomach, which seemed to be strangulated by the esophageal hiatus. She underwent surgery, for which Hill's gastropexy method was ...
Frais M A - - 1990
A case report is presented of a 54-year old female patient with a history of acute-onset sharp retrosternal chest pain. Clinical examination was unremarkable, but the 12-lead ECG showed anterior T-wave inversion and the chest x-ray film showed gaseous dilatation of the stomach. The patient's symptoms and electrocardiographic abnormalities resolved ...
Lonardo A - - 1990
Migrant workers in Central Europe are reported to suffer from an increased prevalence of both duodenal and gastric ulcer as compared to native population. No information is available, however, as far as Italy is concerned. The Authors have thought of interest to report on 7 cases of peptic ulcer disease ...
Daggett R B - - 1990
We describe a 36-year-old white man with an aggressive, midline intranasal and naso and oropharyngeal destructive process temporally associated with heavy (3 g/week) abuse of nasal cocaine. Necrosis and atrophy of the inferior and middle nasal turbinates bilaterally, prominent naso and oropharyngeal ulcers, and nasal septal perforation were observed clinically. ...
Saltzman D A - - 1990
Spontaneous perforation of the bile duct in infancy is rare, with less than 55 cases described in the literature to date. The authors report the case of a 30-day-old neonate who presented with a 2-week history of progressive abdominal distension and intermittent jaundice. Disofenin technicium 99m sequential scintiscanning provided a ...
Conte J V - - 1990
Variceal bleeding from ileostomy, colostomy, or ileal conduit stomas is unusual. There is no consensus on which of the various treatment options is best. A case of bleeding ileostomy varices is presented. The English-language medical literature since 1962 is reviewed and an additional 71 cases of stomal variceal bleeding are ...
Sahi S P - - 1990
Cases of gastrointestinal bleeding associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were analysed. Forty per cent of the 92 cases admitted with gastrointestinal bleeding were found to be on NSAIDs. Sixty per cent of the cases on NSAIDs had a preceding history of dyspepsia or ulcer disease and its complications. Forty ...
Nakamura H - - 1990
To clarify the inflow and outflow vessels of esophagogastric varices, we investigated the collateral circulation using endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS; Olympus GF-UM2, 7.5 MHz, radial type) during non-shunting operations in 16 cases of portal hypertension. The main inflow vessels were the left gastric veins and the short gastric veins. The paraesophageal ...
Dye K R - - 1990
Campylobacter pylori specifically attaches to gastric epithelial cells and is the etiologic agent for type B gastritis. The authors report the case of a woman with the rare finding of heterotopic gastric mucosa in the rectum that was colonized with C. pylori. Histologic findings of the heterotopic mucosa revealed active ...
Kato S - - 1989
A 14-year-old case was reported with a primary postbulbar duodenal ulcer, which was confirmed by barium meal study and duodenoscopy. In the preoperative study, the patient showed marked gastric hyperacidity: maximal and peak acid output were 0.980 and 1.434 mEq/kg/hr, respectively. As previously described, hyperacidity appears to be a main ...
Jaffe R - - 1989
Performated carcinoma of the colon in pregnant women is a rare event. Only six cases have been reported in the literature, all except one in the recto-sigmoid. We present a case of perforated adenocarcinoma of the colon located above the peritoneal reflection and discuss the problem of diagnosis and management.
Walker A J - - 1989
Retention of barium in the caecum (Dixon et al., 1967; Gupta and Fraser, 1985), appendix (Maglinte et al, 1981) and colonic diverticula (Burrows, 1962) has been reported after barium meal as has colonic perforation during barium enema examination (Ott and Gelfand, 1983). One case of colonic perforation after a barium ...
Kiguchi H - - 1989
Panperitonitis developed in a 57-yr-old Japanese man during the course of Weber-Christian disease (WCD). Emergent operation disclosed three perforations of the ascending colon and two of the distal ileum. Histological study of the surgical specimen showed that all perforations were located at the centers of acute subserosal panniculitic foci. No ...
Murphy G M - - 1989
Aphthous ulcers are notoriously difficult to treat. We report repeated remission of recurrent aphthous ulceration in a female while taking etretinate for plantar pustular psoriasis. Although systemic retinoids are potent teratogens and are generally inappropriate for women of childbearing potential, this case report suggests further assessment of retinoids in severe ...
Kaufman A Y - - 1989
Endodontic perforation, a serious complication in dental practice, is among the most common problems associated with endodontic procedures. Recommended methods of treatment are surgical or conservative using calcium hydroxide paste. A method in which perforations can be obturated immediately after their detection is described. The method utilizes an apex locator ...
Van Os W A - - 1989
The English language literature on IUDs was reviewed to evaluate the uterine perforation rate associated with use of the Multiload. No reports of cervical perforation were found, and the uterine perforation rate was 0.12/1000 insertions compared to a rate of 0.68/1000 insertions for other copper-bearing IUDs. This lower rate may ...
Böstman L - - 1989
A retrospective analysis of 18 cases of duodenal trauma is presented. Perforations (in 10 cases) were sutured in two layers, using absorbable material, and intramural hematomas (8 cases) were left to resolve spontaneously. Nasogastric intubation was the only method of intestinal decompression, and was used in both patient groups. There ...
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