Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 567
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Odze R D - - 1991
A 71-year-old woman with a remote history of esophagogastric resection for malignancy developed abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. She died of shock 15 days after admission, during which time clinical investigation failed to reveal recurrent tumor or an ulcer. The autopsy revealed massive exsanguination secondary to a peptic-ulcer-induced aortoenteric fistula ...
Davis E - - 1991
An unusual case of colonic hamartoma in a 67-year-old man is reported. Colonoscopy polyp surveillance revealed a polypoid lesion of the sigmoid colon which had the characteristics of a hamartoma on microscopic examination. The lesion, which was classified as a colonic hamartoma, is described. Review of the literature revealed no ...
Minocha A - - 1991
Secondary or complex pneumomediastinum following esophagoscopy is due to an esophageal perforation. Primary or simple pneumomediastinum may be caused by maneuvers such as coughing, gagging, swallowing, choking, and valsalva. These maneuvers are common during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Esophageal perforation is a potentially life threatening event, while simple pneumomediastinum is usually ...
Patki A H - - 1991
The cases of two young men with coexistent lepromatous leprosy and reactive perforating collagenosis are reported. Although both patients' parents were consanguineous, experimental induction of Koebner's phenomenon by superficial scratching failed to produce the lesions of reactive perforating collagenosis. The lesions of reactive perforating collagenosis showed a satisfactory response to ...
Fujino M A - - 1991
Among 108 cases of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) performed from January 1984 through September 1989, post-EIS variceal bleeding occurred in 38 case (35%). Death was significantly more frequent among the post-EIS bleeders than non-bleeders (55% v. 27%). Background factors were analyzed for failure to prevent bleeding. The curve of the ...
Stephenson C A - - 1991
Perforation of the gallbladder is a known sequela of acalculus cholecystitis or trauma. A perforated gallbladder may be acute or chronic and can present with vague symptoms making the diagnosis difficult. With delayed recognition there is increased morbidity and mortality. The preoperative diagnosis requires an awareness of the symptoms and ...
Trinh T D - - 1991
Review of the English literature revealed 21 cases describing abnormalities on barium enema secondary to amyloidosis of the colon. These cases were categorized as to frequency of specific barium enema findings and distribution within the colon. The most common radiologic findings were luminal narrowing (11 of 21), loss of haustrations ...
Ukety T O - - 1991
Eight cases of ocular ulcerative herpes following measles are reported. The clinical features are characterized by dendritic corneal ulcer (6 cases) and ulcero-erosive blepharitis associated with corneal ulcer (2 cases). Bacteriologic examination disclosed Pseudomonas aeruginosas in 2 cases. The serum level of retinol, RBP, prealbumin and albumin were generally diminished ...
Merine D - - 1991
Radiographic features of the duodenal mucosa were analyzed in a series of 26 patients in whom the diagnosis of Brunner gland hyperplasis (BGH) had been established by endoscopic biopsies. The observed mucosal patterns could be classified into five categories: (1) focal BGH causing a solitary submucosal adenoma or a cluster ...
Turner J S - - 1991
Although complications of enteral feeding are usually minor, we report an unusual and serious case of oesophageal obstruction after feeding with osmolite, a commonly used polymeric enteral feeding preparation. The patient described underwent rigid oesophagoscopy to remove the feed which had solidified and blocked the entire oesophageal lumen. The procedure ...
Cottone C - - 1991
This paper reports on a case of colonic bleeding from an angiodysplastic lesion of the ascending colon in a 71-year-old diabetic woman, resulting in severe anemia in the patient, who was treated using the BICAP electrocoagulation system. The present report includes a description of this technique, which involves the use ...
Neilson I R - - 1990
Despite advances in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease, occasionally there is still a delay in presentation. We report an unrecognized case of Hirschsprung's disease in a patient who presented at 11 years of age with volvulus of the transverse colon. This is the eighth reported case of colonic volvulus secondary ...
Sato S - - 1990
A 71 year old woman with hiatal herniation was admitted to our hospital with anemia and melena. A barium enema revealed hiatal herniation of the transverse colon in conjunction with the stomach, which seemed to be strangulated by the esophageal hiatus. She underwent surgery, for which Hill's gastropexy method was ...
Frais M A - - 1990
A case report is presented of a 54-year old female patient with a history of acute-onset sharp retrosternal chest pain. Clinical examination was unremarkable, but the 12-lead ECG showed anterior T-wave inversion and the chest x-ray film showed gaseous dilatation of the stomach. The patient's symptoms and electrocardiographic abnormalities resolved ...
Lonardo A - - 1990
Migrant workers in Central Europe are reported to suffer from an increased prevalence of both duodenal and gastric ulcer as compared to native population. No information is available, however, as far as Italy is concerned. The Authors have thought of interest to report on 7 cases of peptic ulcer disease ...
Daggett R B - - 1990
We describe a 36-year-old white man with an aggressive, midline intranasal and naso and oropharyngeal destructive process temporally associated with heavy (3 g/week) abuse of nasal cocaine. Necrosis and atrophy of the inferior and middle nasal turbinates bilaterally, prominent naso and oropharyngeal ulcers, and nasal septal perforation were observed clinically. ...
Saltzman D A - - 1990
Spontaneous perforation of the bile duct in infancy is rare, with less than 55 cases described in the literature to date. The authors report the case of a 30-day-old neonate who presented with a 2-week history of progressive abdominal distension and intermittent jaundice. Disofenin technicium 99m sequential scintiscanning provided a ...
Conte J V - - 1990
Variceal bleeding from ileostomy, colostomy, or ileal conduit stomas is unusual. There is no consensus on which of the various treatment options is best. A case of bleeding ileostomy varices is presented. The English-language medical literature since 1962 is reviewed and an additional 71 cases of stomal variceal bleeding are ...
Sahi S P - - 1990
Cases of gastrointestinal bleeding associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were analysed. Forty per cent of the 92 cases admitted with gastrointestinal bleeding were found to be on NSAIDs. Sixty per cent of the cases on NSAIDs had a preceding history of dyspepsia or ulcer disease and its complications. Forty ...
Nakamura H - - 1990
To clarify the inflow and outflow vessels of esophagogastric varices, we investigated the collateral circulation using endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS; Olympus GF-UM2, 7.5 MHz, radial type) during non-shunting operations in 16 cases of portal hypertension. The main inflow vessels were the left gastric veins and the short gastric veins. The paraesophageal ...
Dye K R - - 1990
Campylobacter pylori specifically attaches to gastric epithelial cells and is the etiologic agent for type B gastritis. The authors report the case of a woman with the rare finding of heterotopic gastric mucosa in the rectum that was colonized with C. pylori. Histologic findings of the heterotopic mucosa revealed active ...
Kato S - - 1989
A 14-year-old case was reported with a primary postbulbar duodenal ulcer, which was confirmed by barium meal study and duodenoscopy. In the preoperative study, the patient showed marked gastric hyperacidity: maximal and peak acid output were 0.980 and 1.434 mEq/kg/hr, respectively. As previously described, hyperacidity appears to be a main ...
Jaffe R - - 1989
Performated carcinoma of the colon in pregnant women is a rare event. Only six cases have been reported in the literature, all except one in the recto-sigmoid. We present a case of perforated adenocarcinoma of the colon located above the peritoneal reflection and discuss the problem of diagnosis and management.
Walker A J - - 1989
Retention of barium in the caecum (Dixon et al., 1967; Gupta and Fraser, 1985), appendix (Maglinte et al, 1981) and colonic diverticula (Burrows, 1962) has been reported after barium meal as has colonic perforation during barium enema examination (Ott and Gelfand, 1983). One case of colonic perforation after a barium ...
Kiguchi H - - 1989
Panperitonitis developed in a 57-yr-old Japanese man during the course of Weber-Christian disease (WCD). Emergent operation disclosed three perforations of the ascending colon and two of the distal ileum. Histological study of the surgical specimen showed that all perforations were located at the centers of acute subserosal panniculitic foci. No ...
Murphy G M - - 1989
Aphthous ulcers are notoriously difficult to treat. We report repeated remission of recurrent aphthous ulceration in a female while taking etretinate for plantar pustular psoriasis. Although systemic retinoids are potent teratogens and are generally inappropriate for women of childbearing potential, this case report suggests further assessment of retinoids in severe ...
Kaufman A Y - - 1989
Endodontic perforation, a serious complication in dental practice, is among the most common problems associated with endodontic procedures. Recommended methods of treatment are surgical or conservative using calcium hydroxide paste. A method in which perforations can be obturated immediately after their detection is described. The method utilizes an apex locator ...
Van Os W A - - 1989
The English language literature on IUDs was reviewed to evaluate the uterine perforation rate associated with use of the Multiload. No reports of cervical perforation were found, and the uterine perforation rate was 0.12/1000 insertions compared to a rate of 0.68/1000 insertions for other copper-bearing IUDs. This lower rate may ...
Böstman L - - 1989
A retrospective analysis of 18 cases of duodenal trauma is presented. Perforations (in 10 cases) were sutured in two layers, using absorbable material, and intramural hematomas (8 cases) were left to resolve spontaneously. Nasogastric intubation was the only method of intestinal decompression, and was used in both patient groups. There ...
McCormick P A - - 1989
We report a case where a chronic non-healing esophageal ulcer which developed following a course of endoscopic sclerotherapy proved to be an esophageal carcinoma. In view of 2 similar previous reports we discuss the possibility that sclerotherapy may act as a carcinogen, and suggest that all such non-healing esophageal ulcers ...
Tokuda M - - 1989
Wegener's granulomatosis is a disease characterized by necrotizing vasculitis and granulomatous inflammation. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement is uncommon in this disorder. Only a few cases of perforation of GI tract have been reported, but vasculitis has not been demonstrated to be a cause of perforation in these cases. We report a ...
Ma C K - - 1989
The case of a 60-year-old man with massive lower intestinal bleeding, secondary to erosion of an abnormally large submucosal muscular artery in the ascending colon, is reported. The bleeding site was localized by angiography. The clinicopathologic presentation of this case is identical to Dieulafoy's disease, which occurs almost exclusively in ...
Bayer I - - 1989
The EEA stapler offers a relative easy technique for the control of severe bleeding from esophageal varices. Two cases are reported in which this technique in combination with proximal gastric devascularization and splenectomy was found to be superior to the performance of portosystemic shunt in emergency cases. The results of ...
Niemiec T R - - 1989
Diverticulum of the female urethra has an incidence of 1.4% to 4.7%. It is generally agreed that the majority of these are acquired lesions. There is, however, evidence that some are of congenital origin. Documented cases of diverticula with colon-type tissue are rare. A case of urethral diverticulum with colonic ...
Gad A - - 1989
In a consecutive prospective series of 208 Swedish primary peptic ulcer patients, 146 gastric, 55 duodenal and 7 in both sites, gastroduodenitis was found in 97.6% of the cases. The mucosal inflammation was associated with CP in 87% and 91% of the gastric and duodenal ulcer cases respectively. No significant ...
Ledley G S - - 1988
A 38-yr-old woman presented with abdominal pain, hematochezia, and fever of 7 days' duration. Computerized tomographic scanning revealed a mass 6 cm in diameter adherent to the sigmoid colon. At surgery, the mass was determined to be an endometrioma with an associated tubo-ovarian abscess eroding the sigmoid colonic wall. This ...
Bogomoletz W V - - 1988
The mucin profile of 24 endoscopic biopsies of heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) of the upper esophagus in adults and a control group of ten cases of Meckel's diverticula containing heterotopic gastric mucosa were studied with two combined histochemical methods: alcian blue pH 2.5/PAS and high iron diamine/alcian blue pH 2.5. ...
Herrera J L - - 1988
Saliva serves many functions in the upper digestive tract, with its roles in esophageal physiology, digestion, and gastric cytoprotection having been documented by many studies in the recent literature. Understanding the multiple functions of saliva and the consequences of its absence is of paramount importance to gastroenterologists. We present a ...
Testart J - - 1988
Analysis of the 27 cases of heterotopic gastric mucosa reported in the literature and a new case described here elucidates the main features of this disease: 1) all but one asymptomatic case were diagnosed in infants or in adults under 26 years old; 2) although rectal bleeding occurred in 24 ...
Rao K S - - 1988
A total of 50 consecutive patients who were treated in JIPMER Hospital between 1970 and 1981 for corrosive injuries of the oesophagus and stomach were analysed. There were 23 males and 27 females. All but seven presented with dysphagia due to an established stricture. In addition seven of them had ...
Wilkinson S - - 1988
Solitary colonic diverticula are rare. Most have been described in the cecum or ascending colon. Solitary diverticula of the transverse colon are extremely rare, and there are only a few reports in the English medical literature, all occurring in adulthood. This paper reports the case of a 13-year-old girl with ...
Barker A P - - 1988
Appendicitis is the first 3 years of life is uncommon and most cases are perforated at laparotomy. Case records at the Adelaide Children's Hospital were reviewed over a 12-year period. The findings were that acute appendicitis in this age group is commonly associated with respiratory symptoms and diarrhoea, the appendix ...
Angel J L - - 1988
Acute abdominal and shoulder pain in association with a pneumoperitoneum are common signs and symptoms of perforation of a hollow viscus. We report a case that describes the development of a postcoital pneumoperitoneum in an otherwise healthy postpartum patient. The literature is discussed, and supports this case as pneumoperitoneum in ...
Forouhar F A - - 1988
Two cases of atheromatous embolism of the small arteries of the stomach are reported. Insofar as has been ascertained, they are the first reported cases in the literature which presented symptoms of severe gastric bleeding and were found to have bleeding gastric ulcers on endoscopy. Both patients were successfully treated ...
Panés J - - 1988
The efficacy and complications of esophageal tamponade as the first procedure in the routine management of acute variceal hemorrhage were evaluated in 151 consecutive bleeding episodes treated at a specialized unit. The Sengstaken-Blakemore tube was employed in the 118 cases in which emergency endoscopy demonstrated bleeding esophageal varices, and the ...
Kirk A D - - 1988
We encountered four cases of toothbrush swallowing and reviewed the literature on this subject. A total of 31 toothbrushes within the gastrointestinal tract have been reported. None have passed spontaneously. Several have caused significant complications related to pressure necrosis, including gastritis, mucosal tears, and perforation. The recommended treatment is endoscopic ...
Hicks G W - - 1988
In this review of 925 cases of total and anterior perforations of the tympanic membrane reconstructed through the use of formaldehyde-formed-fascia (3-F) grafts, the postoperative nonperforation rate is 97.6%; blunting and/or lateralization of the graft was avoided in 93.5% of cases. Closure of the postoperative air-bone gap within 20 dB ...
Tadros S - - 1988
Colorectal perforation during barium enema examination is rare. The authors report the case of an 84-year-old woman in whom retroperitoneal perforation of the rectum occurred during barium enema examination. Potential mechanisms of injury include trauma, overinflation of the balloon, recent instrumentation and associated disease of the rectal mucosa. When the ...
Overby K J - - 1988
A case of asymptomatic pneumomediastinum in a 14-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa and self-induced emesis is reported to emphasize the atypical aspects of this case and the importance of differentiating benign from potentially life-threatening sources of mediastinal air. Individuals who engage in purging behavior are not only at increased risk ...
Hjortrup A - - 1987
Twenty-six cases are reported of ileo-cecal volvulus admitted to three community hospitals over a period of six years. The operative management of ileo-cecal volvulus is discussed. Based on the results and review of the literature the authors recommend a right hemicolectomy in the presence of gangrene or perforation, in other ...
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