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Results 351 - 400 of 567
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Yen F S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Seasonal variation of peptic ulcer and peptic ulcer bleeding has been reported in many western countries. To investigate the seasonal variation of peptic ulcer (PU) and esophageal variceal (EV) bleeding in Taiwan, this retrospective study was conducted. METHODS: Seven hundred and forty-six cases of gastric ulcer (GU) bleeding, 777 ...
Gillow J T - - 1996
A survey of local anaesthetic related ocular perforation in the United Kingdom is reported. A total of 531 consultant ophthalmologists were sent a postal questionnaire and there was a 71% response rate. Thirty respondents reported 39 perforations occurring under their care during the previous year. Details of the cases are ...
Aultman C J - - 1996
The authors present a case of a Meckel's diverticulum identified during a routine prenatal ultrasound examination as a complex mass, superior and posterior to the urinary bladder, that prompted meticulous postnatal evaluation. A 4.0-cm Meckel's diverticulum containing heterotopic gastric mucosa was excised before complications could arise. Meckel's diverticulum should be ...
Gillow J T - - 1996
Six cases of ocular perforation after peribulbar anaesthesia are reported. They were referred to our vitreoretinal unit from other hospitals over a 6 week period. Some recent reports of ocular perforation with peribulbar anaesthesia suggest a good prognosis. In this series all six required surgical intervention and most cases associated ...
Beiler H A - - 1995
In early childhood gallstones are rare. However, in the last years the number of patients has increased. A possible cause for calculous and acalculous cholecystitis are infections with Salmonella species. The following report describes a case of perforated cholecystitis and cholecystolithiasis accompanied by microbiological finding of Salmonella Virchow in the ...
Fisher C A - - 1995
The classic appearance of porokeratosis is characterized by a hyperkeratotic annular rim that expands peripherally, leaving an atrophic center. Linear porokeratosis is a variant with collections of such lesions arranged in a linear fashion, usually corresponding to a dermatome or Blaschko's lines. Ulcerations have rarely been reported in patients with ...
Altorjay A - - 1995
This case report describes a very rare late complication developed in the colon-esophagus. An adenomatoid polypus malignant tumor appeared in a colonic interposition graft, five years after resection of the esophageal stricture. The continuity of intestinal tract was repaired with a Roux-en-Y esophago-jejunostomy. Based on a literature review, the authors ...
Cetinkur┼čun S - - 1995
The association of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) and pyloric atresia (PA) in newborns is rare but has been well described. It has been reported that in patients with EB, the esophageal, gastric, intestinal, and colonic mucosae are affected. The authors report a case of EB and PA associated with esophageal and ...
Ortiz V N - - 1995
We presented a one year old seven months old patients that had undergone a double barreled proximal ileostomy-sigmoidostomy after resection of most of the ileum, ascending, transverse and descending colon due to Hirschsprung's enterocolitis; that was admitted for anorectal-sigmoid myotomy and ileosigmoidostomy. The advantages of Kasai's procedure (anorectal myotomy with ...
Tiou M M - - 1995
Spontaneous or idiopathic perforation of the bile duct (IPBD) in neonates and infants is a rare disease. An 1-year-5-month-old female child admitted with progressive abdominal distension and generalized jaundice. She had previously been treated for bacterial peritonitis at another hospital by using strong antibiotics. Abdominal tapping revealed bilious ascites suggesting ...
Lin C Y - - 1995
Emphysematous gastritis is a life-threatening disease. Although rare in incidence, it has a fulminating course with a high mortality rate. A case of a 58 year old male with emphysematous gastritis is reported. Initially, he presented with acute gastric dilatation secondary to anorexia/bulimia-like behaviour. Later, emphysematous gastritis developed. The abdominal ...
Tobi M - - 1995
We describe a case of gastroparesis after laparoscopic highly selective anterior and posterior truncal vagotomy in a 30-yr-old male with gastric ulcer disease. Motility studies confirmed the diagnosis, and a pancreatic polypeptide sham feeding study suggested that a complete vagotomy may have been inadvertently performed. The experience with this procedure ...
Mastrobattista J M - - 1995
The Greenfield filter is an effective device which provides protection against emboli to the lungs from the deep veins of the lower half of the body. Specific complications, such as perforation, may occur following the placement of caval filters. We report a case of inferior vena cava perforation by a ...
Berki C - - 1996
Duodenal diverticula are found in up to 20% of the population but only few patients require surgery for acute complications. Perforation is the rarest of the complications, just over 100 cases have been reported in the world literature. Besides a case report, the characteristics and the therapy of duodenal diverticula ...
Goh S H - - 1994
Tuberculosis of the stomach is a rarity. Its diagnosis is difficult as it is often unsuspected or unrecognised. This is a case report of an elderly man who presented with active upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. The diagnosis was made postoperatively following gastrectomy for bleeding gastric ulcers. The histological specimens showed ...
O'Neal J F - - 1994
Both spontaneous esophageal perforations (Boerhaave syndrome) and duodenal ulcer perforations are medical emergencies. Spontaneous esophageal perforation (SEP) is the most serious and rapidly lethal perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. Prompt diagnosis and early therapy is needed to prevent death and prolonged serious illness, and the key to the diagnosis is ...
Hou M C - - 1994
Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) related complication is rarely reported. A case is presented of a 74 year old man with oesophageal variceal bleeding who developed oesophageal perforation following EVL and balloon tamponade. An oesophageal wall defect was induced by EVL and tissue repair was hindered by decompensated liver reserve and ...
Kensing K P - - 1994
Zenker's diverticulum is an unusual site of origin for clinically significant upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Only three such cases have been previously documented. We report a case of massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding from a Zenker's diverticulum seen as hemoptysis and associated with chronic ingestion of one aspirin tablet every other day. ...
Chan W Y - - 1994
Helicobacter pylori (HP) may transform from helical bacillary forms to coccoid forms after several days' in vitro incubation. The authors examined 111 consecutive gastrectomy specimens for the presence of coccoid forms of H pylori. Tissues from 64 stomachs (57.7%) showed colonization by H pylori, including 49 cases (76.6%) of adenocarcinoma, ...
Fraile G - - 1994
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a condition of unknown aetiology that has been frequently reported involving the stomach and bowel. The colon is rarely cited as a site for the condition. We report a patient suffering from allergic symptoms (asthma, atopic dermatitis, elevated serum IgE levels) who presented with colonic perforation due ...
Laguna F - - 1994
We describe five cases of gastrointestinal leishmaniasis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and review 10 additional cases reported in the literature. All of the patients had CD4+ cell counts of < 200/mm3, and AIDS had been previously diagnosed for 12 patients. Fever and splenomegaly were present in 46% ...
Chaplin J M - - 1994
Pharyngeal diverticulum (Zenker's diverticulum, hypopharyngeal pouch) is an outpouching of pharyngeal mucosa through a triangular area of weakness between the lower oblique fibres of the inferior constrictor muscle and cricopharyngeus called Killian's dehiscence. Prescribed treatment in large pouches is excision of the diverticulum with or without cricopharyngeal myotomy. Experience of ...
Fahal A H - - 1994
A case of pneumatosis cystoid intestinalis associated with duodenal ulcer and pyloric stenosis is reported. Review of literature revealed that, this is the first reported case in the Sudan and in Africa at large. The clinical presentation of this patient was confusing and it seems reasonable to consider pneumatosis in ...
Burrows N P - - 1994
The case of a 71-year-old woman is reported, who neglected a chronic venous ulcer, and presented to the orthopaedic surgeons with a pathological fracture of her tibia due to an invasive squamous cell carcinoma arising from the ulcer. Malignant degeneration of venous ulcers is fortunately rare. However, this case emphasizes ...
Rubio C A - - 1994
A total of 26 cases of "nonspecific" erosions and ulcers of the colonic mucosa are reported. The most common causes were previous abdominal irradiation or ischemic disease due to arteriosclerosis. The lesions were localized to all segments of the colon. Of the 26 cases, five (19.2%) had erosions (ie, not ...
Davidsson T - - 1994
The absorptive capacity of urinary reservoir mucosa was studied by measuring the fractions of 22sodium and 36chloride absorbed after instillation into reservoirs constructed from an ileal or a colonic segment. The absorption of 22sodium did not differ between the 2 reservoir types but absorption of 36chloride was greater in the ...
Roseborough G S - - 1994
The authors report the case of a 43-year-old woman who presented with an acute abdomen and in shock after a bulimic episode. The fatal outcome in this case was due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The death represents the fifth reported in the literature among bulimic or anorexic patients who ...
Kakizoe S - - 1994
A small pedunculated polyp was detected among other polyps in the transverse colon of a 64-year-old man, the resected specimen of which showed an adenomatous polyp 1 cm in diameter, containing the foci of adenocarcinoma invading the submucosa, muscularis, and serosa. This case report stresses the importance of performing careful ...
Hauser H - - 1994
Perforation of the colon can have any number of causes. Most often, it is the result of carcinoma or diverticulitis; specific inflammatory disease of the large intestine is a less common cause. Other possibilities are iatrogenic perforation, perforation as a result of blunt or penetrating abdominal trauma, and ingestion of ...
Schimpl G - - 1993
Choledochocele is a rare abnormality of unknown etiology that consists of cystic or diverticular dilatations of the intramural part of the common bile duct. The authors present a case of choledochocele with a common channel in a 15-year-old boy who had a 5-year history of intermittent right upper abdominal pain. ...
Carter F M - - 1993
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare and severe reaction to certain drugs that results in full-thickness epidermal necrosis of the skin. Other mucosal surfaces such as the oropharynx, esophagus, conjunctiva, and genitalia may also be affected. Specific involvement of the colon is distinctly unusual. A case of TEN that ...
Bansal V - - 1993
We present detailed case reviews of four very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in whom central venous silastic catheter perforation was associated with Staphylococcus epidermidis sepsis. The diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma presented by the intracavitary fluid collections occurring in all four of these cases proved to be of clinical interest. ...
Sehgal V N - - 1993
Perforating dermatoses, an often overlooked entity comprised of Kyrle's disease, perforating folliculitis, reactive perforating collagenosis, elastosis perforans serpiginosa, and acquired perforating dermatosis, are succinctly described, focusing attention on their clinical features, histopathology, treatment, and pathogenesis. The literature on these facets has been extensively reviewed. In addition, three fresh cases of ...
Kestemberg A - - 1993
We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who presented with chronic rectal bleeding. On proctosigmoidoscopy, a polypoid elevation in the rectal ampulla measuring 5 x 3 cm was found. Biopsies were reported to show gastric mucosa. The Giemsa stain showed Helicobacter pylori-like organisms. Including our patient, there are now ...
Mayer R D - - 1993
Neurotrophic ulceration of the face is a rare but well recognized sequel to division of the trigeminal nerve. Trauma is an important contributory factor and thought to be due in part to paraesthesiae, which encourages picking and scratching, with resultant chronic and persistent ulceration. A case is described of an ...
Meissner K - - 1993
A case is reported of progressive inner layer slough of the stomach antrum resulting in free perforation following endoscopic injection hemostasis of ulcer bleeding using a total of 5 ml polidocanol. This rare complication necessitated gastric resection. Relevant etiologic factors favoring this type of tissue response to endoscopic treatment are ...
Ueno S - - 1993
We report herein a female infant in whom a heterotopic pancreas in the stomach caused gastrointestinal hemorrhage during the newborn period. Endoscopy was essential for ruling out other causes of hemorrhage and to follow the patient until the time of elective surgery at 6 months of age. Heterotopic pancreas should ...
Barbish A W - - 1993
Bleeding from duodenal varices is an unusual event. We report the case of a 50-yr-old man with portal hypertension due to alcoholic cirrhosis who presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and encephalopathy. Emergent endoscopy revealed an actively bleeding duodenal varix. The bleeding was treated successfully with injection sclerotherapy. Only four cases ...
Kimura W - - 1992
The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of histologic changes of the papilla of Vater in cases with a juxtapapillary diverticulum, with special reference to the pathogenesis of gallstones. Three hundred and sixty-two autopsy cases, mainly of aged people, were analyzed. The incidence of both diverticulum and ...
Luchette F A - - 1992
Colonic perforation during flexible colonoscopy is a rare but recognized complication. We reviewed 4,593 colonoscopies performed from 1984 to 1989. The perforation rate for diagnostic colonoscopy was 0.17% (6/3,538) and for therapeutic colonoscopy it was 2% (21/1,055). Four perforations of the right colon occurred at a site proximal to the ...
Kusumoto H - - 1992
A 54-yr-old man who complained of abdominal pain was found to have an adenocarcinoma arising in Meckel's diverticulum, as preoperatively diagnosed with 99mTc-pertechnetate scintigraphy. Angiography of the superior mesenteric artery revealed multiple branched arteries and tumor stain, but the vitelline artery was not clearly identified. Surgery revealed that the tumor ...
Fitzgerald S D - - 1992
Subcutaneous neck emphysema has been reported infrequently following colonoscopic perforation and only a single case of pneumopericardium has been previously reported. The successful management of these patients in the literature has largely been non-operative. We report a case of colonoscopic perforation which presented with subcutaneous neck emphysema, pneumopericardium, and pneumoperitoneum ...
Bramson R T - - 1992
Eight cases of children with intussusception in whom the bowel perforated during attempts at enema reduction are reviewed. Certain features in each case suggest that perforation may not be secondary to increased intraluminal pressure from the enema, but that necrotic perforated bowel is uncovered as the intussusception is reduced. A ...
Kyriazis A P - - 1992
We present two cases of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who, in the course of their disease, suffered multiple intestinal perforations that were directly related to cytomegalovirus infection. Biopsy and surgical specimens and autopsy findings in both cases revealed extensive lesions of gastroenteritis; the gastroenteritis was characterized by randomly distributed ...
Dewire D M - - 1992
We report a case of perforated adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon in an inguinal hernia presenting as Fournier's gangrene. Bowel perforation has been known to cause this disease but, to our knowledge, perforation in an inguinal hernia due to benign or malignant disease has not been reported elsewhere. Gastrointestinal tract ...
Burton D M - - 1992
Coins are often reported as the most commonly ingested foreign body (FB) in children. They are felt to be benign FBs since they usually pass through the gastrointestinal tract without incident. However, when these objects become impacted within the esophageal lumen, they can perforate the esophagus and migrate extraluminally. Symptoms ...
Vallera D U - - 1992
We report a case of gastric heterotopia in the gallbladder of an 18-year-old man. Symptoms of acute cholecystitis are characteristic in patients under 20 years old, while older patients present with chronic cholecystitis and gallstones. The heterotopic mucosa results either in a mass, a polyp, or a multiloculated gallbladder. Twenty-eight ...
Beiles C B - - 1992
Gastric dilatation and perforation is a rare complication in anorexia/bulimia sufferers. We describe a 24 year old female who presented with severe abdominal pain and vomiting, in whom radiographs demonstrated gross gastric dilatation and subsequent perforation. Although gastric perforation is rare, one can anticipate a rising incidence, with the apparent ...
Rudge F W - - 1992
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital abnormality of the small bowel; it occurs in approximately 2% of the population. Complications of Meckel's diverticulum include hemorrhage, usually associated with heterotopic tissue within the diverticulum, intussusception, development of benign or malignant neoplasms, and inflammation. Formation of one or more enteroliths within ...
Van Hee R - - 1992
A middle-aged patient is reported who came to laparotomy after a six months period of abdominal complaints. Extensive investigations couldn't explain his symptoms. At laparotomy he was found to have an ileal intussusception due to an invaginated Meckel's diverticulum. These events are confronted with other collected literature reports. Symptomatology and ...
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