Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 578
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Moore Laura J - - 2002
Gastrointestinal complications in burn patients include ileus, constipation, hemorrhage from ulcerations, ischemic bowel, and rarely, perforations. Patients with hypotensive episodes and sepsis are at risk for developing ischemic bowel disease. There have been three reports in the literature of cecal perforation in burn patients. We present an additional case and ...
Gabrovsky N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Micro-anatomical parameters of the hypoplastic posterior communicating artery (PCoA) are assessed and compared with the micro-anatomical parameters of the adult type PCoA. Based on the results obtained, the safest place is proposed for PCoA division during basilar tip aneurysm surgery via the pterional route. METHODS: In 35 human cadaver ...
Asabe Koushi - - 2002
A case of transverse colon volvulus in a child with mental retardation and epilepsy is described. Previously reported cases in Japanese children are reviewed. A 540 degrees, counterclockwise volvulus of the transverse colon caused ischemia requiring resection. Possible factors related to pathogenesis are discussed, and diagnostic and therapeutic measures are ...
Meeralebbae Shaheed M - - 2002
We report a case of traumatic perforation of esophagus misdiagnosed as esophageal atresia in a 1.7 kg preterm (28 weeks) twin. Initial resistance to the passage of orogastric tube and failure of passage of contrast material down the esophagus prompted the diagnosis of esophageal atresia. Subsequently, the passage of orogastric ...
Shah Sachin H - - 2002
Spontaneous perforation of the extrahepatic biliary tree is rare in adults. Although perforation of the hepatic, common hepatic, common bile, and cystic ducts has been reported, review of the English literature reveals only four cases of cystic duct perforation, each attributed to calculi. We herein report the first known case ...
Yamashita Michiko - - 2002
Gastric inverted hyperplastic polyp (IHP) is a rare type of gastric polyp, and is characterized by downward growth of the hyperplastic mucosal components into the submucosa. To the best ofour knowledge, 16 gastric IHP cases have been described in the English literature, but the pathogenesis has not been established. We ...
Mumtaz Hamid - - 2002
This case report details our experience in the management of an iatrogenic perforation that recurred after two surgical repairs. A self-expanding coated stent was eventually placed to seal the esophageal perforation with significant improvement in the clinical condition of the patient. At 1-year follow-up, the patient is tolerating an oral ...
Mahanupab Pongsak - - 2002
A case of acquired reactive perforating collagenosis is reported in a 57-year-old Thai woman, with a history of diabetes mellitus, chronic renal insufficiency needing hemodialysis, and dry gangrene of the right fourth toe. Physical examination revealed multiple scattered erythematous hyperkeratotic nodules and plaques and some showed ulceration. Histopathology showed vertical ...
Sengupta S - - 2002
Antral biopsy specimens were processed for Helicobacter pylori by Gram staining, rapid urease test (RUT) and culture from 25 patients with symptoms of duodenal ulcer, amongst whom the positivity rate was 84%. Follow up of 16 patients after appropriate therapy showed complete regression of the disease in 87.5% of cases ...
Rubio C A - - 2002
AIMS: The diagnosis of duodenal gastric metaplasia (DGM) is based on the demonstration of periodic acid Schiff (PAS) positive mucin in duodenal columnar cells. Recently, groups of duodenal columnar cells were seen to be autofluorescent in haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained sections from a patient with DGM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Mylonas A - - 2002
Duplication of the pylorus, an extremely rare congenital anomaly of the stomach, consists of two openings connecting the antrum of the stomach to the duodenal bulb. Approximately 70 cases of double pylorus have been described in the literature, most of which are associated with the presence of chronic peptic ulcers, ...
Roy Choudhury S - - 2002
Necrotizing amebic colitis (NAC) is a rare complication of intestinal amebiasis, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. The outcome of NAC is dismal, particularly in children. We encountered a 3-year-old child who presented with bloody diarrhea, fever, toxemia, and peritonitis. At laparotomy the whole colon ...
Park Woo-Hyun - - 2002
A case of congenital immature gastric teratoma along with spontaneous gastric perforation in a 1-day-old boy is presented. The clinical features are similar to those of meconium peritonitis. Coincidentally, the child had an arachnoid cyst at 25 months of age. To the best of the authors knowledge, this case of ...
Miliauskas John R - - 2002
AIM: Xanthomas of the colon appear to be rare lesions. Four cases are reported to bring wider attention to this entity. METHOD: Slides, reports and clinical notes from all cases coded as colonic or rectal xanthoma or xanthelasma during the period 1 January 1993 to 1 January 2000 were reviewed. ...
Cangemi V - - 2002
We present a case of perforated giant diverticulum of the sigmoid colon. This condition is extremely rare and only a few cases have so far been reported in the literature. Our case involved a 55-year old woman. Diagnosis was easy with barium enema and CT scan examination. Laparotomy revealed a ...
Albaugh Gregory - - 2002
Appendiceal diverticulitis as the etiology of right lower quadrant pain is an uncommon entity in younger populations. The incidence is <1 per cent among patients under 30 years of age undergoing appendectomy. Herein, we present a case of a 17-year-old male with perforated appendiceal diverticulitis. The history, physical findings, diagnosis, ...
Tagkalidis Peter P - - 2002
Colonization by Helicobacter pylori of the acid-secreting tubules of gastric glands and the canaliculi of parietal cells has only rarely been reported. The presence of these organisms in such "deep" locations has only been reported in association with the more typical superficial colonization of the mucous gel layer overlying gastric ...
Adad Sheila Jorge - - 2002
There are few descriptions of association between chagasic megacolon and colon cancer. We report a case of obstructive abdomen caused by adenocarcinoma of the left colon in chagasic megacolon. A review of the literature revealed 8 cases of this association and, analyzing together the series of findings of cancer in ...
Mehrotra Punit - - 2002
Duodenal diverticula are commonly located in the second part of the duodenum and are usually asymptomatic. We report a 45-year-old man with massive bleeding from a duodenal diverticulum located beyond the second part of the duodenum. The diverticulum was excised, and the patient. has remained asymptomatic over the next 12 ...
Eltorai Ibrahim M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The term "Marjolin's ulcer" is now synonymous with malignant transformation, usually ectodermal and rarely mesenchymal, of chronic ulcers, sinus tracts, and burn scars. DESIGN: Literature search and personal experience with 5 patients during a 30-year period in a spinal cord injury center. FINDINGS: Five cases of Marjolin's ulcer diagnosed ...
Memon M A - - 2002
A first reported case of caecal perforation by an ingested blunt foreign body is described. This 31-year-old female did not relate a history of accidental swallowing of a cotton bud stick on admission. The cause of her right iliac fossa pain (i.e. caecal perforation by a cotton bud stick) became ...
Cennamo A - - 2001
We report a case of gastrocolic fistula following a benign gastric ulcer, which is now a truly exceptional finding, due to the widespread use of H2-receptor antagonists and proton- pump inhibitors. A review of the literature shows that this condition warrants a complete diagnostic work-up to exclude more ominous underlying ...
Coffman S - - 2001
Intestinal perforation is a rare complication of induced abortion. It is most commonly seen in countries in which abortions are performed by people without proper training and with improvised instruments. Bowel perforation occurs when the posterior vaginal wall or uterus is violated, allowing the instrument to pierce underlying structures. The ...
Boonjunwetwat D - - 2001
Defecography of twenty-seven cases of anorectal disorders with an age range from 22 to 86 years, were evaluated from June 1989 to February 1999. There were 24 patients with constipation, 2 patients with incomplete defecation and mucous bloody stool in one case. The defecographic results were analyzed regarding the following ...
Offerman S R - - 2001
Gastric perforation is a rare complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The majority of reported cases have been associated with difficult airway management or esophageal intubation. There has been only one previous case report in which this complication could be attributed solely to mouth-to-mouth ventilation. We present a case of simple bystander ...
Kasat L S - - 2001
A 1.2-year-old male presented with gradual-onset biliary ascites, mild icterus, and failure to thrive due to spontaneous bile-duct perforation (SPBD) confirmed by technetium 99Tc HIDA scan and abdominal paracentesis. Peritoneal tube drainage for 2 weeks helped the perforation to seal spontaneously, as there was no distal obstruction. No surgery was ...
Chitnis M - - 2001
An 1-year-old boy with degenerative leiomyopathy (DL) presented with a volvulus of the transverse colon. After derotating the volvulus, we constructed a tube colostomy (TC) from the transverse colon. This TC has been used for the past 2 years by the patient for regular deflation of the colon and antegrade ...
Emamian S A - - 2001
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common site of heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM). Other sites include intestinal duplication and the small bowel proper. Tc-99m pertechnetate abdominal scintigraphy is used commonly to detect HGM. This article describes various scintigraphic patterns of HGM and reviews technical aspects of the procedure, with emphasis on ...
Hoffman R J - - 2001
Vaginal laceration resulting from coitus is not uncommon and is well described. Perforation of the vagina during coitus is a very rare occurrence, and there is scant literature reporting it. This is a case of a 14-year-old female who suffered both laceration and perforation of the vagina as a result ...
Chirdan L B - - 2001
A thirteen-year old girl presented with acute right lower quadrant abdominal pain for which evaluation suggested appendicitis. At laparotomy, the appendix was normal but a Meckel's diverticulum with an impacted Taenia saginata (tapeworm) was found. The diverticulum was excised and histopathology confirmed diverticulitis from the parasite. Though Meckel's diverticulitis due ...
Cruz C - - 2001
A case of gastric diverticulum arising in a patient who had previously undergone anterior lesser curve seromyotomy for chronic duodenal ulcer disease is reported. The endoscopic appearance of this lesion is described and the potential mechanisms of causation are reviewed. The clinical relevance of this rare finding is examined with ...
Digray N C - - 2001
Colorectal perforations in neonates with anorectal malformations (ARM) are rarely reported. Two cases, one each with a low and high ARM is presented. Delayed patient presentation and "closed-loop" intestinal obstruction seem to be possible causes of perforation in these cases. Both patients survived following surgical intervention. The pertinent literature is ...
Yamauchi K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: There is an increasing number of accidents by erroneous ingestion of button batteries in recent years; the batteries arouse the interest of infants because of their attractive shape and luster. The batteries remaining in the gastrointestinal tract and discharging electric current over a long period of time may induce ...
Thakur A - - 2000
Iatrogenic bronchial perforation is an uncommon complication in intubated premature infants. The authors present 2 cases of bronchial perforation caused by closed-tube endotracheal suction catheters. These presented in the first 3 days of life with pneumothorax requiring chest tube placement. Medical management was unsuccessful because of the high-volume air leak ...
Yao J L - - 2000
We report a case of adenomyoma of the small intestine arising in a Meckel diverticulum. The patient was a 22-month-old boy who presented with signs and symptoms of intussusception. At surgery, a Meckel diverticulum was found and removed. On histologic examination, a tumor consisting of dilated cystic glands and smooth ...
Bhasin D K - - 2000
Our aim was to present a report about the usefulness of ileoscopy as an adjunct to colonoscopy, as studied in India, in the face of a dearth of such reports from the developing countries and to study the role of ileoscopy in increasing the yield of diagnosis reached and modified. ...
Ratan S K - - 2000
Gastric volvulus is a rare abdominal emergency in children and occurs secondary to associated predisposing congenital defects. The less frequent idiopathic variety of gastric volvulus is mostly chronic in its clinical course. Acute idiopathic mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus is a rare subtype and two out of the four reported cases of ...
Clemente C M - - 2000
Cryptosporidium parvum has been detected with increasing frequency in the gastrointestinal tract, but involvement of the stomach is rarely reported. Whenever found in the histologic examination of the gastrointestinal mucosa, it should raise the suspicion of an immunocompromised host. We report a case of Cryptosporidium-associated erosive gastritis in a 64-year-old ...
Lee J S - - 2000
Gastric volvulus occurs when the stomach rotates about its longitudinal axis (organo-axial volvulus), or about an axis joining the lesser and greater curvatures (mesentero-axial volvulus). Primary gastric volvulus, making up one third of cases, occurs when the stabilizing ligaments are too lax as a result of congenital or acquired causes. ...
Zwick L S - - 2000
Two captive California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) from different facilities were diagnosed with disseminated blastomycosis. The first, a 12-yr-old male, died after a 3-wk history of progressive anorexia and lethargy. Gross examination revealed acute jejunitis with focal perforation and associated peritonitis, along with severe purulent bronchopneumonia. The second, a 15-yr-old ...
Lambert M P - - 2000
Gastric heterotopia of the small intestine is a rare occurrence outside of Meckel's diverticulum and intestinal duplication. The vast majority of cases of gastric heterotopia occur as polypoid or tumorous lesions in the duodenum. These lesions have been associated with clinical symptoms including diarrhea, obstruction, dyspepsia, ulceration, and gastrointestinal bleeding. ...
Pezzoli A - - 2000
The case of a 22-year-old male who bled from a Meckel's diverticulum is described. The diagnosis was achieved after 99mTechnetium pertechnetate scintigraphy. With the administration of somatostatin very clear images were obtained. The histological examination confirmed the presence of ectopic gastric mucosa. The literature, over the last 10 years, has ...
Sapin E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are particularly at risk of iatrogenic pharyngoesophageal perforation. It is a rare occurrence but when it does occur it often mimics esophageal atresia. In the light of 10 patients treated in our service and those reported in the literature we have highlighted the diagnostic difficulties and discussed ...
Moskovitz M - - 2000
Primary peritonitis is a rare condition occurring, by definition, in patients without underlying causes, such as perforated viscus, pre-existing ascites, or nephrosis. We report a case of primary peritonitis and shock due to group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus, a rare etiology. A review of the world's literature shows a predilection for ...
Janik J - - 2000
There are contradictory reports in current world literature regarding incidence of perforated peptic ulcers and male to female ratio in recent years. Old concepts of seasonal periodicity are being questioned. In our report we analyze what is changing with regard to demographical data of patients affected, incidence of perforation of ...
Sánchez Yus E - - 2000
On the occasion of a case of dermatofibroma with histological lichenoid features, we reviewed from our files all the cases in which the epidermis, usually hyperplastic in dermatofibroma, was, in some way, partially or completely destroyed. Among a total of 484 dermatofibromas, we found three lichenoid, six erosive and two ...
Carpentieri D F - - 2000
This study was designed to evaluate the significance of gastric lymphoid follicles (LF) and aggregates (LA) in children with and without Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection. All 605 antrum biopsies performed during 1994 were reviewed and classified according to the presence or absence of inflammation, LF, or LA. HP was searched ...
Cogswell L K - - 2000
The most recent comprehensive review of the literature on repair of nasoseptal perforations dates back to 1985, since then there have been developments in the repair of very large perforations, previously thought to have been untreatable by surgical methods. The purpose of this article is to review the various methods ...
Ohana E - - 2000
Perforation of the uterus by an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is a rare, and serious complication, occurring in 1/350 to 1/2500 insertions. Perforation by IUDs can involve several neighboring organs such as the bladder and rectosigmoid. We report two cases of IUD perforations involving the appendix, both inserted during lactation. ...
Vanegas F - - 2000
Massive upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage is a rare manifestation of GI cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. A review of the English language literature yielded 21 well-documented cases of gastric ulcers due to CMV, and 7 of these 21 cases were complicated by significant GI bleeding. This report describes two cases of massive ...
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