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Yoon S E - - 2007
Giant colonic diverticulum is a very rare entity in colonic diverticular disease and is characterized by a high rate of complications such as perforation, abscess formation and even carcinoma. We report a case of a complicated giant diverticulum of the transverse colon accompanied by a right inguinal hernia of the ...
Markogiannakis Haridimos - - 2007
Intrathoracic colon herniation after esophagectomy is rare. Furthermore, fecopneumothorax is an extremely infrequent clinical entity. We believe this is the first report in the literature of a patient with fecopneumothorax due to diverticular perforation of intrathoracically herniated transverse colon 2 months after transthoracic esophagectomy and cervical esophagogastric anastomosis. The relative ...
Grynspan David - - 2008
Hyperplastic esophagogastric polyps usually occur in the distal esophagus or gastroesophageal junction and have been associated with damage to the esophageal mucosa. Histologically these polyps show hyperplastic gastric foveolar and/or squamous epithelium with inflamed stroma. Reports of esophagogastric polyps in the pediatric population are rare. Most of these reports only ...
Islam M N - - 2007
Chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS) is a recently described mucocutaneous disease characterized by involvement of mucosal surfaces and skin. The disease usually presents in the form of painful oral ulcers and has been seen predominantly among older women. Clinically, CUS patients may exhibit erosive or ulcerative lesions of oral mucosa resembling ...
Ricciardi S - - 2007
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is an option for the management of kidney stones. Rarely, life-threatening complications occur. A case of severe necrosis of the extrahepatic biliary tree after percutaneous neprolithotomy is hereby reported. A 55 years old woman underwent an emergency nephrectomy for bleeding the day after this procedure. One week later ...
Ismail F W - - 2007
Tumours of the pancreas presenting as haematemesis are rare entities, with scarce documentation in literature. We report a 50-year-old woman who presented with haematemesis secondary to gastric fundal variceal bleeding due to splenic vein occlusion by a large mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas. We also review the literature pertaining to ...
McDonnell W M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bright red linear marks in the right colon are occasionally seen but have never been described in the medical literature. We have termed this finding "cat scratch" colon. METHODS: This was a prospective examination of 8277 colonoscopies at a single endoscopy center in a private practice setting. All cases ...
Kumar Praveen - - 2007
Candida albicans is by far the most common cause of infectious esophagitis. In most patients, this infection is secondary to an immuno-compromised state. In nearly 25% of the cases, underlying causes of esophageal stasis, e.g., achalasia and scleroderma, facilitate fungal colonization of the esophagus. Double contrast esophagography is a highly ...
O'Rourke Robert W - - 2007
Achalasia presenting in the context of morbid obesity is rare. The case is presented of a woman with achalasia and morbid obesity who was treated with simultaneous laparoscopic esophageal myotomy and gastric bypass. The sparse literature addressing these rare patients is reviewed and management considerations discussed. Simultaneous laparoscopic esophageal myotomy ...
Oksüz Murat - - 2007
Gastric actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. To date, about 20 cases have been reported in the literature. In most cases, diagnosis was made by histopathologic evaluation of an operative specimen. We report here a 68-year-old man with primary gastric actinomycosis who was admitted to the hospital with upper gastrointestinal ...
Jakobovits Simon L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is a partial mu receptor agonist used in opiate detoxification. It has been shown to cause delayed gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a case of clinically severe gastroparesis (delayed gastric emptying due to impaired contraction of the stomach) whose onset coincided with the commencement ...
Mederos Raul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are among the most common contraceptive methods in the world, but have been associated with extrauterine dislocation and bowel perforation. We report a case of an IUD perforation of the sigmoid colon. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman with complaints of abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea underwent ...
Cheli M - - 2007
The authors report a very unusual case of intermittent and painful rectal bleeding occurring in a two-year-old female. At proctosigmoidoscopy, a bluish mucosal fold was found in the rectal ampulla. Histological examination showed the presence of heterotopic gastric mucosa islands intermingled with normal rectal mucosa. Surgical transanal excision of the ...
Ugenti I - - 2007
Anisakidosis is a parasitic disease of the human gastrointestinal tract caused by ingestion of larvae of marine nematodes such as Anisakis spp. or, rarely, Pseudoterranova spp., present in raw or undercooked fish. We report the first series of gastric Anisakis infection (anisakiasis) from a single centre in Italy. In our ...
Kumar Praveen
<i>Candida albicans</i> is by far the most common cause of infectious esophagitis. In most patients, this infection is secondary to an immuno-compromised state. In nearly 25&#x0025; of the cases, underlying causes of esophageal stasis, e.g., achalasia and scleroderma, facilitate fungal colonization of the esophagus. Double contrast esophagography is a highly ...
Gowrishankar
Most neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) present with CDH symptoms within the first 24 h of life. However, the presentation may be delayed in 10-20&#x0025; of the cases. The presenting symptoms are nonspecific and are usually gastrointestinal in nature. We report a case of a 9 day-old neonate presenting ...
Yanagawa Youichi - - 2007
The ingestion of formalin causes disorders in the oral cavity, the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney, lung, heart, and central nervous system in the early phase of reaction. The stomach suffers the most severe damage in such cases because the formalin is in contact with the gastric mucosa longer than in ...
Muguti Gi - - 2007
Haemorrhage is one of the rare but serious complications of duodenal diverticula. Current methods of treatment include: endoscopy with injection therapy or hemoclip application and diverticulectomy. In this paper we present the case of a 61 year old man with life threatening haemorrhage who was managed successfully with gentle packing ...
Waraich Naseem G - - 2007
A middle-aged man was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain and bleeding per rectum. Subsequent laparotomy indicated an established faecal peritonitis in relation to an anterior perforation of the upper rectum. He later volunteered that he had anal intercourse 2 days previously with a vibrator at an erotic party. ...
Yano F - - 2007
Self-expanding removable covered stents are increasingly being used for the treatment of benign esophageal diseases such as leaks or perforations and stenosis. They are easy to place and remove and good outcomes have been reported. We report a case of a postoperative esophageal leak successfully managed with a removable silicone-covered ...
O'Rourke R W - - 2007
The long-term effects of gastric banding on esophageal function are not well described. This report describes a 28-year-old woman who developed signs and symptoms of abnormal esophageal motility and lower esophageal sphincter hypotension after gastric banding for morbid obesity. The current literature addressing the effects of gastric banding on esophageal ...
Neoh C Y - - 2007
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is an uncommon condition characterised by anaesthesia, paraesthesias and ala nasi ulceration, following peripheral or central damage to the trigeminal nerve. Only about 100 cases have been described in the literature to date. We report a 74-year-old woman who presented with a right cheek ulcer accompanied ...
Miyashita Masao - - 2006
We report a case of perforation of the esophagus associated with mediastinitis and pneumomediastinum during endoscopic treatment. The patient was successfully treated by means of nonsurgical computed tomography-guided mediastinal drainage. Esophagoscopy demonstrated a scar on the 14th day at the perforation site. This nonsurgical treatment with computed tomography-guided mediastinal drainage ...
Zenooz Navid A - - 2007
We report a case of gastric emphysema following placement of nasogastric (NG) tube. Gas in the wall of the stomach is a rare finding seen in various clinical situations. The reported cases fall into two different categories: "gastric emphysema" and "emphysematous gastritis". Differentiating these two entities is important, as the ...
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2006
Bleeding from gastric varices has been successfully treated by endoscopic modalities. Once the bleeding from the gastric varices is stabilized, endoscopic treatment and/or interventional radiology should be performed to eradicate varices completely. Partial splenic artery embolization is a supplemental treatment to prolong the obliteration of the veins feeding and/or draining ...
Sagar Jayesh - - 2006
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of gastrointestinal tract. It can cause complications in the form of ulceration, haemorrhage, intussusception, intestinal obstruction, perforation and, very rarely, vesicodiverticular fistulae and tumours. These complications, especially bleeding, are more common in the paediatric age group than in adults; however it is ...
Nostrant, Timothy T.
We report two cases of gastric xanthomatosis which developed in patients with marked cholestasis. In both cases, one with acute and one with chronic cholestasis, the gastric xanthomas disappeared with resolution of the cholestasis. A review of the literature is also provided.
Saha Arin - - 2007
Boerhaave's perforation is a serious condition describing spontaneous transmural perforation of the oesophagus. The classical presentation of this condition is vomiting, lower thoracic pain and subcutaneous emphysema. However, the condition often presents atypically and it is important to reach the correct diagnosis quickly. We present the case of a 54-year-old ...
Guraya Salman Y - - 2006
We report a 19-year-old female admitted to the Emergency Room with excruciating right lower abdominal pain of 1-day duration. The abdominal examination revealed a soft, lax abdomen with rigidity and guarding in her right iliac fossa without abdominal defense. Apart from a leukocytosis of 18.3/mm3, the rest of her baseline ...
Pozzato P - - 2006
The case of a 59-year-old man with a history of recurrent severe gastrointestinal bleeding due to Meckel's diverticulum is described. The diagnosis was achieved by means of capsule endoscopy. The histological examination revealed the presence of Meckel's diverticulum with ectopic gastric mucosa. The use of capsule endoscopy for the detection ...
Hollingshead Michael C - - 2006
Although diverticular perforation and diverticulitis is usually a straightforward diagnosis, an occasional case can be difficult. In this report, we describe a patient who initially presented with symptoms suggestive of maxillary sinusitis and hip fracture. Findings of subcutaneous craniofacial emphysema eventually led to the diagnosis of a perforated sigmoid diverticulum ...
Liu Shirley Yuk Wah SY Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, - - 2006
Necrotizing fasciitis is a devastating soft tissue infection affecting fascias and subcutaneous soft tissues. Literature reviews have identified several related risk factors, including malignancy, alcoholism, malnutrition, diabetes, male gender and old age. There are only scanty case reports in the literature describing its rare association with colorectal malignancy. All published ...
Gupta, Vipul
Acute perforated appendicitis is described as a rare clinical entity in 20 days old male neonate presented clinically with features suggestive of peritonitis. Surgical exploration revealed perforated appendix with free fluid in peritoneal cavity. Appendectomy with general supportive measures resulted in a satisfactory recovery. Authors review their experience with this ...
Singh, N.
A rare case of traumatic perforation of the ileum in a neonate due to mauling by wild monkey from a hilly area is reported. The patient presented with features of septicemia, bilious vomiting, abdominal distention and signs of peritonitis. Exploratory laparotomy with closure of the perforation was performed and the ...
Hanafy Emad El-Din Mahmoud - - 2006
The insertion of a nasogastric tube for feeding and gastric aspiration is a common practice in the care of newborns, especially if they are preterm and unwell. Esophageal perforation is a rare but serious complication of this procedure. Associated perforation of the pericardial sac is an unusual, severe, and previously ...
Chong Vui Heng - - 2006
Heterotopic gastric mucosa patch (HGMP) has been reported to occur in various parts of the gastrointestinal system from mouth to anus. Extra-gastrointestinal locations have also been reported. Presence of ectopic gastric mucosa has been associated with complications such as ulceration, bleeding, perforations and malignant transformations. Most complications are probably related ...
Demirogullari Billur - - 2006
A 15-year-old girl who had chronic constipation presented with peritonitis caused by sigmoid colon perforation. After her sigmoid colon was resected and an end colostomy performed, as there were no apparent causes for perforation, she was followed-up. After the second colonic perforation proximal to the end colostomy, as the pathologic ...
Furuta Koichiro - - 2006
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a rarely diagnosed condition involving eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. Here we present a case of EE in a 69-year-old Japanese man, who presented with abdominal pain, appetite loss, and a history of bronchial asthma. Laboratory findings included peripheral eosinophilia and an increased serum immunoglobulin ...
Pearl Jonathan P - - 2006
Benign pneumoperitoneum is asymptomatic free intraabdominal air and is reported to occur occasionally with colonoscopy. Management of benign pneumoperitoneum after colonoscopy is controversial and may depend on incidence or etiology. No previous studies prospectively investigated the incidence or inciting factors of benign pneumoperitoneum resulting from colonoscopy. In this study, 100 ...
Hurlburt Ward B - - 2006
Gastric cancer is uncommon in the young. Occasional reports are found in the literature and reviewed here. This article reports a case of a 16-year-old Eskimo girl unusual because of her young age, the presentation with a perforation and the presence of a linitis plastica type involvement. Management was somewhat ...
Lancaster J L - - 2006
We present a series of four patients presenting with symptoms leading to a provisional diagnosis of globus pharyngeus. On further investigation, they were all found to have small areas of abnormal mucosa in either their hypopharynx or proximal oesophagus, which on biopsy were reported as containing gastric-type mucosa. Following anti-reflux ...
Lukman Mohd Rashid - - 2006
Intramural duodenal haematoma is a rare injury of the duodenum. Most reported cases are secondary to blunt trauma to the abdomen. Such injury following endoscopic intervention is even rarer, and there are no definite guidelines for its management. We report a case where endoscopic haemostasis of a bleeding duodenal ulcer ...
Chong Vui Heng - - 2006
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGB) remains a common indication for admissions and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Peptic ulcer diseases and varices are the commonest lesions identified during endoscopy. However, endoscopists need to be aware of the rare causes of AUGB, as missing such lesions can potentially be ...
Selcuk Hatice - - 2006
Lead perforation is a rare complication of pacemaker implantation and associated with the risk of disastrous results like cardiac tamponade or pneumo-hemothorax. We report a patient in whom a ventricular lead perforated the right ventricle and left lung parenchyma without the development of cardiac tamponade, pneumothorax, or hemothorax. No objective ...
Imanieh Mohammad Hadi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous perforation of the common bile duct is a rare but important cause of jaundice in infancy, requiring prompt diagnosis and surgical intervention. First described in 1932, fewer than 150 cases have been reported to date. CASE REPORT: The report concerns a 18-month-old girl who developed mild jaundice, abdominal ...
Kabiri Hamed - - 2006
The incidence of appendiceal diverticulitis in pathologic specimens is 0.004 to 2.1 per cent and is unusual in younger patients. Despite being first described in 1893, this condition is commonly dismissed by surgeons and pathologists as a variant of true appendicitis. However, appendiceal diverticulitis is a discrete clinical process that ...
Mülayim BariƟ - - 2006
Perforation of the uterus by an intrauterine device (IUD) is a serious complication occurring at or following 1/350 to 1/2,500 insertions. It is more common among women with 'lost' IUDs. If a woman presents with pelvic pain and a history of a 'lost' IUD, X-rays of the abdomen and of ...
Niitsuma Katsunori - - 2006
We report a rare case of perforating pilomatricoma. A 50 x 40-mm oval nodule, with a whitish scale on its tip, developed on the left upper eyelid of a 43-year-old Japanese woman. There was no history of injury to the left upper eyelid. Histologic examination revealed typical microscopic features of ...
Aydin M - - 2006
Although paraoesophageal hernias remain 30% asymptomatic, when diagnosed they have to be operated because of their fatal complications such as ischaemia, bleeding and perforation. The mortality rate increases to twenty times in emergency cases when it is compared with elective ones. Site of gastric perforation may be directed towards bursa ...
Talukdar Rupjyoti - - 2006
Gastric tuberculosis is rare and usually presents as an ulcerated lesion or gastric outlet obstruction. Rarer presentations include massive gastrointestinal bleed and gastric perforation. A case of gastric tuberculosis presenting as linitis plastica is reported here. This is the first such case report. The patient was a young woman who ...
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