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Chitale Sudhanshu - - 2008
We report a case of long-standing, keratinising, squamous metaplasia of the bladder with undiagnosed malignant transformation to squamous cell carcinoma presenting as acute peritonitis secondary to spontaneous perforation of the bladder tumour. This presentation as an acute abdomen mimicking a perforated peptic or duodenal ulcer is the most unusual aspect ...
Nomura Tsutomu - - 2008
A 16-year-old adolescent boy was admitted to our hospital with severe lower abdominal pain and was found to have peritonitis, probably caused by acute appendicitis. At laparotomy, we found a paper-thin, dilated sigmoid colon; the seromuscular layer on the antimesenteric side was torn, and the untorn mucosa showed a pinpoint ...
Kim Sang Hyeon - - 2009
Amyloidosis is characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid protein in various organs. Gastrointestinal involvement in amyloidosis is common, but a diagnosis of amyloidosis is often delayed. Severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage in amyloidosis is rare but can be fatal in some cases. We experienced a case of a 49-year-old man who ...
Aljiffry Murad - - 2008
Gallbladder perforation is a rare condition even in patients affected by acute cholecystitis. Most patients who present with gallbladder perforations are diagnosed preoperatively by radiologic imaging. Morbidity and mortality for this condition has improved significantly over the last few decades. We encountered a cirrhotic patient who was affected by primary ...
Cribbs Randolph Kyle - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is an important cause of nonbilious emesis that must be recognized early to ensure a good outcome. We reviewed 7 cases from our institution, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (Egleston campus). In addition, we reviewed all gastric volvulus cases in children published to date in the English literature ...
Asabe Koushi - - 2008
This report describes the case of an ileal perforation secondary to clamping of the exomphalos minor in 3-day-old girl. Eighteen accidental clamping or cutting cases were found in the published work. It is thought that this defect resulted from either the clamping, ligation or cutting of the bowel in a ...
Hahn Christina D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pneumoperitoneum after cardiopulmonary resuscitation may be due to mediastinal air tracking into the peritoneal cavity via the diaphragmatic hiatus or to gastric perforation. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old woman received Advanced Cardiac Life Support measures in the intensive care unit. Chest compressions and endotracheal intubation were performed; a stable cardiac ...
Arslan Anil - - 2009
AIM: The present case report describes colon injury subsequent to uterine penetration which is associated with the use of an intrauterine device (IUD). CASE: A 29-year-old multiparous woman, who presented with vague abdominal pain, had a TCu 380A inserted at her postpartum third month visit. The T-shaped segment of the ...
Lazzaro Douglas R - - 2008
PURPOSE: To demonstrate an unusual case of bilateral superior keratectasia complicated by a corneal perforation. METHODS: Case report of idiopathic superior keratectasia with a spontaneous perforation managed by amniotic membrane transplantation. RESULTS: Superior keratectasia was confirmed by a pattern of superior corneal steepening seen on corneal topography and keratometry in ...
Lee William Barry - - 2008
To review corneal perforation cases in pellucid marginal degeneration and report a case of bilateral spontaneous perforation at presentation in rigid gas permeable contact lens wear and pellucid marginal degeneration. Case report and literature review. The presentation, clinical course, surgical intervention, pathologic analysis, and postoperative outcome of a case of ...
Pershad Ashish - - 2008
This case report describes the nonsurgical management of a distal LAD perforation and is accompanied by a brief review of the different techniques available for sealing off a persistent leak in a perforated distal vessel. Coiling and embolic devices are particularly useful to seal distal perforations owing to their low ...
Macari M - - 2008
AIM: To determine whether epiploic appendagitis occurs in the caecum. METHODS: From 2000-2006, 58 cases with classic computed tomography (CT) features of acute epiploic appendagitis (focal round or oval fat density immediately adjacent to the colon with surrounding oedema and stranding, with or without a central area of high attenuation) ...
Costa Simonetta - - 2008
We report the first case of perforated Meckel's diverticulum in a 1-day-old pre-term infant as a consequence of umbilical vein catheterisation. The clinical course consisted of abdominal distension and pneumoperitoneum that occurred after 12 h of life. Perforated Meckel's diverticulum was found at laparotomy. Neither inflammatory phenomena nor ectopic mucosa ...
Sakhare P T - - 2008
Foreign bodies in air way are common days occurrence in Otolaryngologic practice but widespread subcutaneous emphysema extending form scalp to scrotum is a rare entity in foreign body bronchus. As rarity is, a novelty hence reported.
Lefevre Jérémie H - - 2008
Acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage is an uncommon and severe symptom. The overall mortality rate ranges from 5 to 12 percent and can approach 40 percent for persistent or recurring bleedings. We report a case of a patient with severe recurrent lower bleeding in whom, despite several repeated explorations and a ...
Ignjatović Mile - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopic complications are not frequent. Cases with colon perforations without the presence of pneumoperitoneum are very rare, and those with the development of tension pneumothorax are even rarer. The aim of this article was to present a unique case of the colon perforation during colonoscopic polypectomy. CASE ...
Sundararajan Lakshmi - - 2008
Perforation of the rectum in the antenatal period is extremely rare. Three cases have been reported worldwide. Its aetiology and pathophysiology are poorly understood. Rapid recognition by its classical signs is mandatory as delay in diagnosis leads to serious morbidity. We report a fourth case, and make recommendations regarding management.
Jayawardena Suriya - - 2008
Gastric polyps exist in a wide variety of types, most of which are small and often benign. Discovery of gastric polyps during Endoscopy necessitates biopsies. We present a case report of an isolated diffuse hyperplastic gastric polyposis in a 26 years old Hispanic female when she was investigated for profound ...
Kelly Steven - - 2008
Juvenile polyposis syndrome(JPS) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited condition. Hamartomatous polyps can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract but usually predominate in the colon. In this case report we present an unusual case of JPS that presented with massive gastric polyposis requiring a total gastrectomy. A 51-year-old man presented with ...
Chang Chen-Jung - - 2008
Gastric variceal bleeding is a serious complication of liver cirrhosis. A recent consensus suggested that endoscopic injection of tissue glue for gastric variceal obliteration (GVO) should be the first choice for treatment of acute gastric variceal bleeding. Following the widespread use of GVO, more severe complications such as needle cementation, ...
Baum Eric D - - 2008
We report 2 cases of pediatric hypopharyngeal perforation that occurred during endoscopy and 1 case of esophageal perforation that developed during nasogastric tube insertion at a tertiary care academic medical center. These cases were identified during a retrospective chart review. All 3 patients were treated with intravenous antibiotics and nasogastric ...
Woon Colin Yi-Loong - - 2008
Gastric volvulus is a rare condition. Presenting acutely, mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus has characteristic symptoms and may be easily detected with upper gastrointestinal contrast studies. In contrast, subacute, intermittent cases present with intermittent vague symptoms from episodic twisting and untwisting. Imaging in these cases is only useful if performed in the ...
Steen Shawn - - 2008
Acute gastric dilation leading to ischemia of the stomach is an under-diagnosed and potentially fatal event. Multiple etiologies can lead to this condition, and all physicians should be aware of it. Without proper and timely diagnosis and treatment, gastric perforation, hemorrhage, and other serious complications can occur. We report a ...
Miocinovic Ranko - - 2008
Testicular neoplasms metastasizing to the retroperitoneum rarely involve the upper gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal tract metastases usually present with complications including intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and rarely ulceration of the bowel mucosa. We describe an unusual case of duodenal perforation as the presenting manifestation of metastatic classic type seminoma in a ...
Powell Matthew J - - 2008
Clostridium septicum myonecrosis is associated with diabetes, colorectal and haematological malignancies. We present a case of metastatic myonecrosis in a diabetic patient with a perforated caecal tumour. The literature since 1989 is reviewed and 28 cases of Clostridium septicum myonecrosis are discussed.
Scorpio Ronald - - 2008
Trichophytobezoars are uncommon foreign bodies, formed by hairs and vegetable matter with impacted food particles. We report an unusual case of a 5-year-old girl with large terminal ileal trichophytobezoar causing perforation peritonitis.
Shulutko Alexander M - - 2008
While small gastric trichobezoars may be removed via gastroscopy, large trichobezoars require surgical removal by gastrotomy through abdominal incision. We present a case of a successful minilaparotomy removal of a giant (2500-g) gastric trichobezoar in a 15-year-old girl with marginal psychological disturbances.
Arana-Arri Eunate - - 2007
Constipation with faecal impaction is a common condition, which may lead to serious potential complications. Among such complications, stercoral perforation has been rarely reported in the literature. We report a single case of 75-year-old woman, with a massive faecal impaction, which resulted in a rectum perforation, presented as a pneumoperitoneum, ...
Tanaka O - - 2008
We report a 78-year-old woman who presented with repeated tarry stools, and having lower duodenal variceal bleeding caused by portal hypertension. Endoscopic therapy had been attempted, but was impossible because the endoscope could not be inserted into the lower duodenum. Thus, the lower duodenal variceal bleeding was treated with balloon-occluded ...
Namdar Thomas - - 2007
Endoscopic biliary stent insertion is a well-established procedure. It is especially successful in treating postoperative biliary leaks, and may prevent surgical intervention. A routine change of endoprostheses after 3 mo is a common practice but this can be prolonged to 6 mo. We reported a colonic perforation due to biliary ...
Hurreiz H - - 2008
AIM: We report a case of a giant diverticulum of the sigmoid colon presenting as a mass in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen in an elderly man. METHODS: This report highlights a rare complication of diverticular disease. At operation, the giant cyst was situated in the supracolic compartment ...
Wilkinson Triloksingh R V - - 2007
Diverticula on the left side of the colon, especially in the sigmoid colon are a common occurrence in the West. However, right-sided diverticula are less common, being reported from Asian countries like China, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and India. Diverticula of the transverse colon are very rare with very few ...
Yoon S E - - 2007
Giant colonic diverticulum is a very rare entity in colonic diverticular disease and is characterized by a high rate of complications such as perforation, abscess formation and even carcinoma. We report a case of a complicated giant diverticulum of the transverse colon accompanied by a right inguinal hernia of the ...
Markogiannakis Haridimos - - 2007
Intrathoracic colon herniation after esophagectomy is rare. Furthermore, fecopneumothorax is an extremely infrequent clinical entity. We believe this is the first report in the literature of a patient with fecopneumothorax due to diverticular perforation of intrathoracically herniated transverse colon 2 months after transthoracic esophagectomy and cervical esophagogastric anastomosis. The relative ...
Grynspan David - - 2008
Hyperplastic esophagogastric polyps usually occur in the distal esophagus or gastroesophageal junction and have been associated with damage to the esophageal mucosa. Histologically these polyps show hyperplastic gastric foveolar and/or squamous epithelium with inflamed stroma. Reports of esophagogastric polyps in the pediatric population are rare. Most of these reports only ...
Islam M N - - 2007
Chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS) is a recently described mucocutaneous disease characterized by involvement of mucosal surfaces and skin. The disease usually presents in the form of painful oral ulcers and has been seen predominantly among older women. Clinically, CUS patients may exhibit erosive or ulcerative lesions of oral mucosa resembling ...
Ricciardi S - - 2007
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is an option for the management of kidney stones. Rarely, life-threatening complications occur. A case of severe necrosis of the extrahepatic biliary tree after percutaneous neprolithotomy is hereby reported. A 55 years old woman underwent an emergency nephrectomy for bleeding the day after this procedure. One week later ...
Ismail F W - - 2007
Tumours of the pancreas presenting as haematemesis are rare entities, with scarce documentation in literature. We report a 50-year-old woman who presented with haematemesis secondary to gastric fundal variceal bleeding due to splenic vein occlusion by a large mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas. We also review the literature pertaining to ...
McDonnell W M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bright red linear marks in the right colon are occasionally seen but have never been described in the medical literature. We have termed this finding "cat scratch" colon. METHODS: This was a prospective examination of 8277 colonoscopies at a single endoscopy center in a private practice setting. All cases ...
Kumar Praveen - - 2007
Candida albicans is by far the most common cause of infectious esophagitis. In most patients, this infection is secondary to an immuno-compromised state. In nearly 25% of the cases, underlying causes of esophageal stasis, e.g., achalasia and scleroderma, facilitate fungal colonization of the esophagus. Double contrast esophagography is a highly ...
O'Rourke Robert W - - 2007
Achalasia presenting in the context of morbid obesity is rare. The case is presented of a woman with achalasia and morbid obesity who was treated with simultaneous laparoscopic esophageal myotomy and gastric bypass. The sparse literature addressing these rare patients is reviewed and management considerations discussed. Simultaneous laparoscopic esophageal myotomy ...
Oksüz Murat - - 2007
Gastric actinomycosis is an extremely rare disease. To date, about 20 cases have been reported in the literature. In most cases, diagnosis was made by histopathologic evaluation of an operative specimen. We report here a 68-year-old man with primary gastric actinomycosis who was admitted to the hospital with upper gastrointestinal ...
Jakobovits Simon L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is a partial mu receptor agonist used in opiate detoxification. It has been shown to cause delayed gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a case of clinically severe gastroparesis (delayed gastric emptying due to impaired contraction of the stomach) whose onset coincided with the commencement ...
Mederos Raul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are among the most common contraceptive methods in the world, but have been associated with extrauterine dislocation and bowel perforation. We report a case of an IUD perforation of the sigmoid colon. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman with complaints of abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea underwent ...
Cheli M - - 2007
The authors report a very unusual case of intermittent and painful rectal bleeding occurring in a two-year-old female. At proctosigmoidoscopy, a bluish mucosal fold was found in the rectal ampulla. Histological examination showed the presence of heterotopic gastric mucosa islands intermingled with normal rectal mucosa. Surgical transanal excision of the ...
Ugenti I - - 2007
Anisakidosis is a parasitic disease of the human gastrointestinal tract caused by ingestion of larvae of marine nematodes such as Anisakis spp. or, rarely, Pseudoterranova spp., present in raw or undercooked fish. We report the first series of gastric Anisakis infection (anisakiasis) from a single centre in Italy. In our ...
Kumar Praveen
<i>Candida albicans</i> is by far the most common cause of infectious esophagitis. In most patients, this infection is secondary to an immuno-compromised state. In nearly 25&#x0025; of the cases, underlying causes of esophageal stasis, e.g., achalasia and scleroderma, facilitate fungal colonization of the esophagus. Double contrast esophagography is a highly ...
Gowrishankar
Most neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) present with CDH symptoms within the first 24 h of life. However, the presentation may be delayed in 10-20&#x0025; of the cases. The presenting symptoms are nonspecific and are usually gastrointestinal in nature. We report a case of a 9 day-old neonate presenting ...
Yanagawa Youichi - - 2007
The ingestion of formalin causes disorders in the oral cavity, the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidney, lung, heart, and central nervous system in the early phase of reaction. The stomach suffers the most severe damage in such cases because the formalin is in contact with the gastric mucosa longer than in ...
Muguti Gi - - 2007
Haemorrhage is one of the rare but serious complications of duodenal diverticula. Current methods of treatment include: endoscopy with injection therapy or hemoclip application and diverticulectomy. In this paper we present the case of a 61 year old man with life threatening haemorrhage who was managed successfully with gentle packing ...
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