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Chothani Daya L - - 2011
Balanites aegyptiaca Del. (Zygophyllaceae), known as 'desert date,' is spiny shrub or tree up to l0 m tall, widely distributed in dry land areas of Africa and South Asia. It is traditionally used in treatment of various ailments i.e. jaundice, intestinal worm infection, wounds, malaria, syphilis, epilepsy, dysentery, constipation, diarrhea, ...
Kozobolis Vassilios - - 2011
Corneal collagen cross-linking (CxL) is a prevalent surgical method for the management of keratoconus. However, literature suggests that, further to keratoconus, CxL has a beneficial impact on a series of corneal related diseases and states. This article attempts to provide a contemporary review for all additional applications of CxL. Specifically, ...
Patel Chirag C CC From the *Department of Ophthalmology, Kresge Eye Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan; †Associated Retinal Consultants, Royal Oak, Michigan; and ‡Henry Ford Grosse Pointe Ophthalmology, Grosse Pointe Park, - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to describe the first reported case of a subretinal abscess after strabismus surgery and the successful treatment with vitrectomy, intravitreal antibiotics, and cryotherapy. This is a retrospective case report and literature review. A 4-year-old boy underwent uncomplicated bilateral medial rectus muscle recession. Within 9 ...
Spada Cristiano - - 2011
Colon Capsule Endoscopy represents a new diagnostic technology for colonic exploration. Despite the great enthusiasm around this new technique, only few studies are available in the literature, and reported results are still controversial and non-homogeneous. Current preparation protocols have led to discordant results. In January 2010, the first Italian Meeting ...
Schenker Matthew P - - 2010
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, affecting 36 to 48 per 100,000 persons annually. Aggressive resuscitation and upper endoscopy remain the cornerstones of therapy; however, in cases refractory to endoscopic diagnosis and management, radiology plays an increasingly vital and often lifesaving role, thanks to improvements ...
Al-Mufarrej Faisal - - 2010
Pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) usually is caused by antibiotic-related changes in colonic anaerobic microflora, leading to Clostridium difficile overgrowth and overproduction of toxins. We present the first reported case of PMC affecting the intrathoracic, interposed colon of an esophagectomy patient in the absence of inflammation of the in situ colon. Case ...
Padmanabhan Makkada Yuvaraj - - 2010
Traumatic ulceration of the ventral surface of the tongue is a rare condition observed in neonates with natal or neonatal teeth. These lesions are initiated and exacerbated by the continuous contact between the tongue and natal/neonatal teeth during physiologic activities such as suckling and swallowing, which in turn may interfere ...
Yildirim A C - - 2010
Wegener's granulomatosis is a necrotizing vasculitis of unknown etiology characterized mainly by inflammation of the small- and medium-sized arteries and veins that affect any viscera. It may rarely involve the gastrointestinal tract. Only a few cases of multiple focus ileal perforation due to ulcers associated with Wegener's granulomatosis have been ...
Fan S-F - - 2010
Calcifying fibrous pseudotumour (CFPT) is a rare lesion that has only recently been reported in the literature. Usually, the lesion develops in subcutaneous tissue, deep soft tissues or viscera. It appears as a uniform, hypocellular and well-circumscribed mass without a capsule. Only nine cases of gastric CFPT have been reported ...
Al-Habbal Y - - 2012
The use of motorised watercrafts has been increasing steadily over the past few years, and consequently, also injuries secondary to the use of these watercrafts [1]. This is a case presentation and review of literature. We present a case of isolated extraperitoneal rectal perforation secondary to hydrostatic pressure sustained. Both ...
Thomas Kathryn E - - 2010
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare, inherited metabolic disorder of the haem biosynthesis pathway. The diagnosis is well known to cause significant diagnostic challenge due to its broad range of symptoms that may mimic many other conditions. We report a case of AIP that presented with caecal perforation, a ...
Uchiyama Shuichiro - - 2010
Meckel diverticulum is one of the causes of gastrointestinal bleeding; however, preoperative conclusive diagnosis is very difficult even with the use of various radiologic modalities. The development of double-balloon enteroscopy enables us to diagnose various bleeding source, including Meckel diverticulum, in the small intestine. We herein report a case of ...
Kharazmi Mohammad - - 2010
Irritation of the mucosa of the aerodigestive tract is a well-known adverse effect of alendronate, whereas oral ulceration has been reported in only 14 articles in both the English and non-English literature. All of these have been associated with misuse of the drug. We here present the first case of ...
Hutchinson John M - - 2010
We describe a case of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding in a male with noncirrhotic portal hypertension who required multiple admissions and repeated blood transfusions over a 5-month period. Upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy failed to establish a cause for bleeding which was eventually ascribed to universal portal hypertensive stigmata in stomach, ...
Hussain Z - - 2010
Collagenous colitis is an increasingly diagnosed clinical and pathological variant of microscopic colitis, mainly affecting middle-aged and elderly women; herein we review the literature for a rare complication (colonic perforation) and the most appropriate management. EMBASE, MEDLINE and abstracts from major gastroenterological congresses were searched in addition to hand-searching of ...
Vanrykel F - - 2010
Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare clinical finding with possible serious complications. A case of acute abdomen due to a perforated jejunal diverticulum is discussed, followed by a literature review concerning aetiology, symptoms, complications, diagnosis and treatment is provided.
Holroyd David J - - 2010
Eosinophil-associated gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) are uncommon conditions whose aetiologies are unclear, but which are characterised by eosinophilic infiltration and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract in the absence of other causes of eosinophilia. We report the case of a 65-year-old woman with eosinophilic gastritis who underwent a Polya gastrectomy for a ...
Zhu Hui-Neng HN Department of Pathology, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, 38 Guangji Road, Banshan Bridge, Hangzhou 310022, Zhejiang Province, - - 2010
Gastric adenomyoma (AM) is a rare benign tumor characterized by gland-like structures embedded within a smooth muscle stroma. We report a case of a 68-year-old man with gastric AM admitted to our hospital for melana. Endoscopic examination revealed a gastric mass of about 4 cm in diameter, located in the ...
Gilvetti C - - 2010
A 34-year-old man experienced extensive oral ulceration as a consequence of attempted ingestion of sulphuric acid as part of an act of deliberate self harm. All oral lesions healed within 28 days after local and systemic therapy. Oral ulceration has many potential causes ranging from physical trauma to malignancy. Chemicals ...
Siddique Khurram - - 2010
This case report is on a very rare case of giant anal canal ulcer with rectal prolapse causing total faecal incontinence. An elderly patient in her eighties presented to the emergency department with complaints of a mass protruding thorough anus along with fresh rectal bleeding. Examination revealed a large ulcer ...
Adiga Savitha - - 2010
"Stripping" is lateral perforation is caused by overinstrumentation through a thin wall in the root and is most likely to occur at the inside wall of a curved canal, such as the distal wall of the mesial roots in mandibular first molars. In the past, poor prognosis for strip and ...
Kim Ki Hoon - - 2010
Esophageal bezoars are rare, but are recognized as a distinct clinical entity. They are known to occur in patients with esophageal structural and functional abnormalities, but only a few cases of the development of esophageal bezoars in patients with esophageal motility disorders have only been described. We report a rare ...
Boisvert René D RD Department of General Surgery, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. - - 2010
A Killian-Jamieson diverticulum is an outpouching from the lateral wall of the proximal cervical esophagus. These diverticula are rare and are distinct from the more commonly known Zenker's diverticulum. Literature regarding Killian-Jamieson diverticula and its suggested management is scarce. The present report describes a patient with symptomatic bilateral Killian-Jamieson diverticula. ...
Yushuva Arthur - - 2010
Heterotopic mesenteric ossification (HMO) is a rare entity with few cases reported in the world literature. We report two cases. Both patients underwent an open gastric bypass with Roux-en-Y reconstruction procedure for morbid obesity and subsequently presented with gastrointestinal fistulae associated with HMO.
Mangiavillano Benedetto - - 2010
Iatrogenic perforations that occur during the endoscopic procedures are generally surgically managed, even if some authors prefer a non-surgical approach in selected cases. The endoscopic application of metallic clips has been widely used in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract for hemostasis and also for marking lesions. Since 1993 several series of ...
Spoormans Isabelle - - 2010
The risk of complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) does not outweigh the benefit of a successful restoration of a spontaneous circulation. Despite the frequent occurrence of gastric distension (caused by air entering the stomach because of too forceful and/or too quick rescue breathing), there are few reports of massive gastric ...
Silvestre Francisco Javier - - 2010
Cocaine abuse has increased in the past decade, with a rise in the reported cases of midpalatine perforations produced as a result. The vasoconstrictive and caustic effect of the drug can produce direct irritation and ischemia of the nasal and palatine mucosa, leading over the long term to the creation ...
Hirasaki Shoji - - 2010
Inflammatory myoglandular polyp (IMGP) is a nonneoplastic colorectal polyp. Only a small number of cases have been reported, and the pathogenesis remains unclear. We analyzed colonoscopy and histologic findings in 4 patients with IMGP. Histologic confirmation of the inflammatory granulation tissue in the lamina propria, proliferation of smooth muscle, and ...
Ustek Sevim - - 2010
Pneumoperitoneum frequently indicates a perforated abdominal viscus that requires emergent surgical management. However; pneumoperitoneum, on rare occasion, can occur without perforation. In these cases, it is defined as benign pneumoperitoneum. Benign pneumoperitoneum means asymptomatic free intra-abdominal air or pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis and can occur occasionally with colonoscopy. In this paper, ...
Laurent S - - 2010
Gastric volvulus is an uncommon entity. Management is principally surgical. Diagnosis is often delayed because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms. The authors report two cases of gastric volvulus seen in a six month period. The first is an acute presentation diagnosed by computed tomography with incarceration and necrosis ...
Naldi Luigi - - 2010
Seborrhoeic dermatitis affects at least 10% of the population. Malassezia (Pityrosporum) ovale is thought to be the causative organism, and causes inflammation by still poorly defined mechanisms. Seborrhoeic dermatitis tends to relapse after treatment. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: ...
Ghasri Pedram - - 2010
Despite the increasing reliance on computers and the associated health risks, computer-related dermatoses remain under-represented in the literature. This term collectively refers to four groups of cutaneous pathologies: 1) allergic contact dermatitis from exposure to certain chemicals in computer accessories, 2) various friction-induced hand lesions resulting from prolonged computer use, ...
Malik Ajaz A - - 2010
Meckel's diverticulum is a true intestinal diverticulum that results from the failure of the vitelline duct to obliterate during the fifth week of fetal development. In about 50% cases, it contains ectopic or heterotopic tissue which can be the cause of complications. A systematic review of literature was undertaken to ...
Alqutub Adel Nazmi - - 2010
We describe the clinical scenario of a young male with history of non ulcer dyspepsia who had endoscopic evidence of gastric polyposis in antral area. The polyps disappeared four months after proton pump inhibitors were stopped. Proton pump inhibitors have been linked to gastric fundal polyposis and not antral gland ...
Cariou Matthieu P L - - 2010
In the veterinary literature, feline gastroduodenal ulcer disease has been described only in individual case reports or retrospective studies reporting small numbers of cats. Although its canine counterpart is commonly encountered, less is known about factors predisposing cats to gastroduodenal ulceration and potentially perforation. Similarly the outcome following treatment is ...
Heffernan D S - - 2009
Appendiceal diverticulitis is a rare presentation, often presenting outside of the classical age grouping for appendicitis. We describe a case of appendiceal diverticulitis and issue a cautionary note in the management of patients with atypical features of right lower quadrant pain. In light of its clinical course the finding of ...
Do?anav?argil Ba?ak - - 2009
There are a fair number of polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, which cannot be classified under a certain category. We report herein a 50-year-old man with a 6-mm sigmoidal polyp; he had been operated previously for rectal carcinoma. The polyp was characterized by benign-appearing spindle cells in the lamina propria ...
Dinning P G PG Department of Medicine, University of New South Wales, St George Hospital, Sydney, Australia. - - 2009
Colonic sensorimotor dysfunction is recognized as the principal pathophysiological mechanism underpinning chronic constipation. This review addresses current understanding derived from both human and animal studies, with particular reference made to methods of investigation.
Karaman Emin - - 2009
Myiasis has been defined as the infestation of tissue with dipterous larvae that feed on the host's dead or living tissue. A new clinical report of otomyiasis in a 57-year-old woman caused by Wohlfahrtia magnifica was reported. A review of the English language literature reveals 5 articles on otomyiasis cases ...
Chien Li-Chien - - 2010
Barotraumatic oesophageal perforation with bilateral tension pneumothorax is extremely rare and this is a first case reported in the literature. The possibility of the oesophageal perforation due to high-pressure gas flow should be kept in mind and the standard of diagnosis is oesophagography.
Yang Chia-Wei - - 2009
In this article, we report a case study of a 54-year old man who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy had been performed in another hospital, but the location of the bleeding could not be identified, and the patient was transferred to our hospital. An initial abdominal computed ...
Fahim Fraz - - 2009
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP), also known as jelly belly, is a rare condition with mucinous material spread throughout the abdomen. It can arise from the appendix, colon, or even a teratoma. The documented incidence is one per million per year. We present a case report of an 80-year-old female patient presenting ...
Trottier Vincent V Department of General Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Affilié Universitaire de Québec, Quebec City, Quebec. - - 2009
Hyperkalemia is a common condition encountered in medical and surgical patients. It can lead to various complications including cardiac arrhythmias. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) in sorbitol is an ion-exchange resin that can be used to treat hyperkalemia. It can be used in enema or in oral form. The present article ...
Ghidirim Gh - - 2009
Bleeding from duodenal varices is a rare, but often fatal manifestation of portal hypertension and these ectopic varices are more common in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction. There are over 160 cases of duodenal varices reported in the English literature. A 47-year-old female presented with massive hematemesis and prolonged shock. Initial ...
Tuzun Ahmet - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been identified in heterotopic gastric mucosa of Meckel's diverticulum, controversial results are reported in the pertinent literature. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate for the presence of H. pylori histologically using hematoxylin-eosin and Toluidine Blue in Meckel's diverticulum and by ...
Sadik Karim W - - 2009
Pneumothorax associated with pneumoperitoneum is rare. There are scattered case reports of this syndrome in the pediatric literature but very few reports in the adult literature. Several possible causes exist. Maurer at al. suggested that it results from air entering the pleural space through a diaphragmatic defect. In this paper, ...
Corrigan Mark Anthony - - 2009
The finding of heterotopic gastric mucosa in the rectum is rare, with less than 40 reported cases in the literature. A condition of unknown etiology, several hypotheses exist including infectious and congenital. We report a case of ectopic gastric tissue in the rectum of a 47-year-old female, and her subsequent ...
Lee Scott L - - 2009
Methotrexate is a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor with application both as a chemotherapeutic agent and as a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Although its ability to inhibit cellular proliferation is a desired effect in its role as an antineoplastic agent, this property may also hinder normal physiologic regeneration of the nasal epithelium. This ...
Agarwal Nitin - - 2009
Emphysematous gastritis is a rapidly fatal and rare type of infectious gastritis. It may lead to involvement of esophagus, and organ necrosis, in its severe form. A 16-year-old, previously healthy, boy presenting with acute abdomen was diagnosed to have emphysematous gastritis on CT scan. During laparotomy, there was complete necrosis ...
Akbulut Sami S Department of Surgery, Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir 21400, Turkey. - - 2009
An ileal perforation resulting from a migrated biliary stent is a rare complication of endoscopic stent placement for benign or malignant biliary tract disease. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman with a history of abdominal surgery in which a migrated biliary stent resulted in an ileal perforation. Patients ...
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