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Mangiavillano Benedetto - - 2010
Iatrogenic perforations that occur during the endoscopic procedures are generally surgically managed, even if some authors prefer a non-surgical approach in selected cases. The endoscopic application of metallic clips has been widely used in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract for hemostasis and also for marking lesions. Since 1993 several series of ...
Spoormans Isabelle - - 2010
The risk of complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) does not outweigh the benefit of a successful restoration of a spontaneous circulation. Despite the frequent occurrence of gastric distension (caused by air entering the stomach because of too forceful and/or too quick rescue breathing), there are few reports of massive gastric ...
Silvestre Francisco Javier - - 2010
Cocaine abuse has increased in the past decade, with a rise in the reported cases of midpalatine perforations produced as a result. The vasoconstrictive and caustic effect of the drug can produce direct irritation and ischemia of the nasal and palatine mucosa, leading over the long term to the creation ...
Hirasaki Shoji - - 2010
Inflammatory myoglandular polyp (IMGP) is a nonneoplastic colorectal polyp. Only a small number of cases have been reported, and the pathogenesis remains unclear. We analyzed colonoscopy and histologic findings in 4 patients with IMGP. Histologic confirmation of the inflammatory granulation tissue in the lamina propria, proliferation of smooth muscle, and ...
Ustek Sevim - - 2010
Pneumoperitoneum frequently indicates a perforated abdominal viscus that requires emergent surgical management. However; pneumoperitoneum, on rare occasion, can occur without perforation. In these cases, it is defined as benign pneumoperitoneum. Benign pneumoperitoneum means asymptomatic free intra-abdominal air or pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis and can occur occasionally with colonoscopy. In this paper, ...
Laurent S - - 2010
Gastric volvulus is an uncommon entity. Management is principally surgical. Diagnosis is often delayed because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms. The authors report two cases of gastric volvulus seen in a six month period. The first is an acute presentation diagnosed by computed tomography with incarceration and necrosis ...
Naldi Luigi - - 2010
Seborrhoeic dermatitis affects at least 10% of the population. Malassezia (Pityrosporum) ovale is thought to be the causative organism, and causes inflammation by still poorly defined mechanisms. Seborrhoeic dermatitis tends to relapse after treatment. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: ...
Ghasri Pedram - - 2010
Despite the increasing reliance on computers and the associated health risks, computer-related dermatoses remain under-represented in the literature. This term collectively refers to four groups of cutaneous pathologies: 1) allergic contact dermatitis from exposure to certain chemicals in computer accessories, 2) various friction-induced hand lesions resulting from prolonged computer use, ...
Malik Ajaz A - - 2010
Meckel's diverticulum is a true intestinal diverticulum that results from the failure of the vitelline duct to obliterate during the fifth week of fetal development. In about 50% cases, it contains ectopic or heterotopic tissue which can be the cause of complications. A systematic review of literature was undertaken to ...
Alqutub Adel Nazmi - - 2010
We describe the clinical scenario of a young male with history of non ulcer dyspepsia who had endoscopic evidence of gastric polyposis in antral area. The polyps disappeared four months after proton pump inhibitors were stopped. Proton pump inhibitors have been linked to gastric fundal polyposis and not antral gland ...
Cariou Matthieu P L - - 2010
In the veterinary literature, feline gastroduodenal ulcer disease has been described only in individual case reports or retrospective studies reporting small numbers of cats. Although its canine counterpart is commonly encountered, less is known about factors predisposing cats to gastroduodenal ulceration and potentially perforation. Similarly the outcome following treatment is ...
Heffernan D S - - 2009
Appendiceal diverticulitis is a rare presentation, often presenting outside of the classical age grouping for appendicitis. We describe a case of appendiceal diverticulitis and issue a cautionary note in the management of patients with atypical features of right lower quadrant pain. In light of its clinical course the finding of ...
Do?anav?argil Ba?ak - - 2009
There are a fair number of polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, which cannot be classified under a certain category. We report herein a 50-year-old man with a 6-mm sigmoidal polyp; he had been operated previously for rectal carcinoma. The polyp was characterized by benign-appearing spindle cells in the lamina propria ...
Dinning P G - - 2009
Colonic sensorimotor dysfunction is recognized as the principal pathophysiological mechanism underpinning chronic constipation. This review addresses current understanding derived from both human and animal studies, with particular reference made to methods of investigation.
Karaman Emin - - 2009
Myiasis has been defined as the infestation of tissue with dipterous larvae that feed on the host's dead or living tissue. A new clinical report of otomyiasis in a 57-year-old woman caused by Wohlfahrtia magnifica was reported. A review of the English language literature reveals 5 articles on otomyiasis cases ...
Chien Li-Chien - - 2010
Barotraumatic oesophageal perforation with bilateral tension pneumothorax is extremely rare and this is a first case reported in the literature. The possibility of the oesophageal perforation due to high-pressure gas flow should be kept in mind and the standard of diagnosis is oesophagography.
Yang Chia-Wei - - 2009
In this article, we report a case study of a 54-year old man who presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy had been performed in another hospital, but the location of the bleeding could not be identified, and the patient was transferred to our hospital. An initial abdominal computed ...
Fahim Fraz - - 2009
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP), also known as jelly belly, is a rare condition with mucinous material spread throughout the abdomen. It can arise from the appendix, colon, or even a teratoma. The documented incidence is one per million per year. We present a case report of an 80-year-old female patient presenting ...
Trottier Vincent V Department of General Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Affilié Universitaire de Québec, Quebec City, Quebec. - - 2009
Hyperkalemia is a common condition encountered in medical and surgical patients. It can lead to various complications including cardiac arrhythmias. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) in sorbitol is an ion-exchange resin that can be used to treat hyperkalemia. It can be used in enema or in oral form. The present article ...
Ghidirim Gh - - 2009
Bleeding from duodenal varices is a rare, but often fatal manifestation of portal hypertension and these ectopic varices are more common in extrahepatic portal venous obstruction. There are over 160 cases of duodenal varices reported in the English literature. A 47-year-old female presented with massive hematemesis and prolonged shock. Initial ...
Tuzun Ahmet - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been identified in heterotopic gastric mucosa of Meckel's diverticulum, controversial results are reported in the pertinent literature. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate for the presence of H. pylori histologically using hematoxylin-eosin and Toluidine Blue in Meckel's diverticulum and by ...
Sadik Karim W - - 2009
Pneumothorax associated with pneumoperitoneum is rare. There are scattered case reports of this syndrome in the pediatric literature but very few reports in the adult literature. Several possible causes exist. Maurer at al. suggested that it results from air entering the pleural space through a diaphragmatic defect. In this paper, ...
Corrigan Mark Anthony - - 2009
The finding of heterotopic gastric mucosa in the rectum is rare, with less than 40 reported cases in the literature. A condition of unknown etiology, several hypotheses exist including infectious and congenital. We report a case of ectopic gastric tissue in the rectum of a 47-year-old female, and her subsequent ...
Lee Scott L - - 2009
Methotrexate is a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor with application both as a chemotherapeutic agent and as a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Although its ability to inhibit cellular proliferation is a desired effect in its role as an antineoplastic agent, this property may also hinder normal physiologic regeneration of the nasal epithelium. This ...
Agarwal Nitin - - 2009
Emphysematous gastritis is a rapidly fatal and rare type of infectious gastritis. It may lead to involvement of esophagus, and organ necrosis, in its severe form. A 16-year-old, previously healthy, boy presenting with acute abdomen was diagnosed to have emphysematous gastritis on CT scan. During laparotomy, there was complete necrosis ...
Akbulut Sami S Department of Surgery, Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir 21400, Turkey. - - 2009
An ileal perforation resulting from a migrated biliary stent is a rare complication of endoscopic stent placement for benign or malignant biliary tract disease. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman with a history of abdominal surgery in which a migrated biliary stent resulted in an ileal perforation. Patients ...
Aguayo Pablo - - 2009
A 28-week estimated gestational age infant presented to our neonatal intensive care unit at 6 days of life with intestinal perforation. Urgent surgical exploration revealed a perforated Meckel's diverticulum (MD) with no other intestinal abnormalities. Pathologic examination of the specimen demonstrated a perforated MD with no heterotopic mucosa present. According ...
Sinha Chandrasen K - - 2009
Symptomatic neonatal Meckel's diverticulum is rare. We describe 2 interesting presentations of neonatal Meckel's diverticulum with review of the literature. Our first patient presented with massive bleeding per rectum in the first week of life, which is the only case reported so far. The second case presented with milk curd ...
Celik Turgay - - 2009
Pacemaker (PM) lead perforation is a rare complication with an incidence of <1%. Late lead perforation is defined as the perforation of a device lead through the myocardium more than 1 month after implantation. It is a subcategory of overall lead perforation and it has been described in several case ...
Singal A K - - 2009
We report a neonate who presented with failure to thrive, non-bilious vomiting and upper abdominal distension starting at one week of age. A barium upper GI study confirmed the diagnosis of organoaxial volvulus of the stomach, and the child underwent a successful laparoscopic gastropexy. At one year of follow-up the ...
Urakawa Masami - - 2009
A 29-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain. Peritonitis symptoms appeared on the day after of hospitalization and emeregency surgery was performed. A Meckel diverticulum adhered to the mesenterium of the sigmoid colon which was strangulated for a length of 30cm. Additionally, a second Meckel diverticulum was present on the ...
Brinkley Michael - - 2009
Percutaneous biliary interventions are often performed for biliary obstruction when endoscopic stent placement is not feasible or has failed to provide relief. These secondary percutaneous interventions may be complicated by the presence of a previously placed occluded biliary stent requiring displacement and removal. The authors report a case of colonic ...
Argemi Xavier - - 2009
A 31-year-old woman from Cameroon was admitted to the University of Strasbourg Hospital in December 2007 with pelvic pain and fever that developed over three days. Her condition rapidly worsened and she underwent emergency exploratory celioscopy. Surgeons found peritoneal and retrouterine abscesses. The high rectum had a 4-cm perforation with ...
Telem Dana A - - 2009
We present the case of a 52-year-old female with recurrent symptomatic ascending colon diverticulitis who ultimately underwent elective laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. The following is a case report and literature review pertaining to right colonic diverticular disease.
Kumar Susim - - 2009
A solitary diverticulum of the caecum is a rare benign condition which was first described by Potier in 1912 1. Clinical symptoms are usually a manifestation of complications arising from inflammation, perforation or haemorrhage. Despite radiological imaging, a pre-operative diagnosis is infrequent. We report two cases of right iliac fossa ...
Guarnieri A - - 2009
Although colonic diverticulum is a common disease, affecting about 35% of patients above the age of 60, giant sigmoid diverticulum is an uncommon variant of which only relatively few cases have been described in the literature. We report on our experience with a patient affected by giant sigmoid diverticulum who ...
Basseri B - - 2009
The inlet patch is an area of heterotopic gastric mucosa most commonly located in the postcricoid portion of the esophagus at, or just below, the level of the upper esophageal sphincter. Esophageal and supraesophageal symptoms are commonly associated with inlet patch, while esophageal adenocarcinoma rarely complicates it. Laryngeal adenocarcinoma associated ...
Tsalis Konstantinos - - 2009
Esophageal perforation is a serious condition with a high mortality rate. Successful therapy depends on the size of the rupture; the time elapsed between rupture and diagnosis, and the underlying health of the patient. Common causes of esophageal perforation include medical instrumentation, foreign-body ingestion, and trauma. A case of esophageal ...
Jamaludin Aza Zetty Feroena - - 2009
A solitary duodenal hamartomatous polyp is rare and it is considered to be either a variant of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) or a separate entity. Patients do not have cutaneous manifestations and have only one hamartomatous polyp. The presentation is nonspecific and it resembles common conditions, such as a peptic ulcer ...
Tsalis Konstantinos - - 2009
Esophageal perforation is a serious condition with a high mortality rate. Successful therapy depends on the size of the rupture; the time elapsed between rupture and diagnosis, and the underlying health of the patient. Common causes of esophageal perforation include medical instrumentation, foreign-body ingestion, and trauma. A case of esophageal ...
Khan Mohammad Iqbal - - 2009
In this paper we are reporting one case of exsanguinating upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) bleed requiring massive blood transfusion and immediate life saving surgery. A 30 years old female, 12 weeks pregnant was referred to our hospital from the earth-quake affected area of Kashmir with history of upper abdominal pain, ...
Dhawan Vivek V University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2009
Intramural hematoma of the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon occurrence, with the majority being localized to the esophagus or duodenum. Hematoma of the gastric wall is very rare, and has been described most commonly in association with coagulopathy, peptic ulcer disease, trauma, and amyloid-associated microaneurysms. A case of massive gastric ...
Wong Manzhi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hematemesis is a common and dramatic presentation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and is a source of significant morbidity and mortality. Common causes include peptic ulcer disease and varices. However, endoscopists need to be aware of other rare causes to avoid a delay in diagnosis, which may be potentially fatal. ...
Sakurai Yoichi - - 2008
While pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease entity associated with a wide variety of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal disorders, PCI associated with massive intra- and retroperitoneal free air is extremely uncommon, and is difficult to diagnose differentially from perforated peritonitis. We present two cases of PCI associated with massive ...
Chitale Sudhanshu - - 2008
We report a case of long-standing, keratinising, squamous metaplasia of the bladder with undiagnosed malignant transformation to squamous cell carcinoma presenting as acute peritonitis secondary to spontaneous perforation of the bladder tumour. This presentation as an acute abdomen mimicking a perforated peptic or duodenal ulcer is the most unusual aspect ...
Nomura Tsutomu - - 2008
A 16-year-old adolescent boy was admitted to our hospital with severe lower abdominal pain and was found to have peritonitis, probably caused by acute appendicitis. At laparotomy, we found a paper-thin, dilated sigmoid colon; the seromuscular layer on the antimesenteric side was torn, and the untorn mucosa showed a pinpoint ...
Kim Sang Hyeon - - 2009
Amyloidosis is characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid protein in various organs. Gastrointestinal involvement in amyloidosis is common, but a diagnosis of amyloidosis is often delayed. Severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage in amyloidosis is rare but can be fatal in some cases. We experienced a case of a 49-year-old man who ...
Aljiffry Murad - - 2008
Gallbladder perforation is a rare condition even in patients affected by acute cholecystitis. Most patients who present with gallbladder perforations are diagnosed preoperatively by radiologic imaging. Morbidity and mortality for this condition has improved significantly over the last few decades. We encountered a cirrhotic patient who was affected by primary ...
Cribbs Randolph Kyle - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is an important cause of nonbilious emesis that must be recognized early to ensure a good outcome. We reviewed 7 cases from our institution, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (Egleston campus). In addition, we reviewed all gastric volvulus cases in children published to date in the English literature ...
Asabe Koushi - - 2008
This report describes the case of an ileal perforation secondary to clamping of the exomphalos minor in 3-day-old girl. Eighteen accidental clamping or cutting cases were found in the published work. It is thought that this defect resulted from either the clamping, ligation or cutting of the bowel in a ...
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