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Results 451 - 500 of 594
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Kiguchi H - - 1989
Panperitonitis developed in a 57-yr-old Japanese man during the course of Weber-Christian disease (WCD). Emergent operation disclosed three perforations of the ascending colon and two of the distal ileum. Histological study of the surgical specimen showed that all perforations were located at the centers of acute subserosal panniculitic foci. No ...
Murphy G M - - 1989
Aphthous ulcers are notoriously difficult to treat. We report repeated remission of recurrent aphthous ulceration in a female while taking etretinate for plantar pustular psoriasis. Although systemic retinoids are potent teratogens and are generally inappropriate for women of childbearing potential, this case report suggests further assessment of retinoids in severe ...
Kaufman A Y - - 1989
Endodontic perforation, a serious complication in dental practice, is among the most common problems associated with endodontic procedures. Recommended methods of treatment are surgical or conservative using calcium hydroxide paste. A method in which perforations can be obturated immediately after their detection is described. The method utilizes an apex locator ...
Van Os W A - - 1989
The English language literature on IUDs was reviewed to evaluate the uterine perforation rate associated with use of the Multiload. No reports of cervical perforation were found, and the uterine perforation rate was 0.12/1000 insertions compared to a rate of 0.68/1000 insertions for other copper-bearing IUDs. This lower rate may ...
Böstman L - - 1989
A retrospective analysis of 18 cases of duodenal trauma is presented. Perforations (in 10 cases) were sutured in two layers, using absorbable material, and intramural hematomas (8 cases) were left to resolve spontaneously. Nasogastric intubation was the only method of intestinal decompression, and was used in both patient groups. There ...
McCormick P A - - 1989
We report a case where a chronic non-healing esophageal ulcer which developed following a course of endoscopic sclerotherapy proved to be an esophageal carcinoma. In view of 2 similar previous reports we discuss the possibility that sclerotherapy may act as a carcinogen, and suggest that all such non-healing esophageal ulcers ...
Tokuda M - - 1989
Wegener's granulomatosis is a disease characterized by necrotizing vasculitis and granulomatous inflammation. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement is uncommon in this disorder. Only a few cases of perforation of GI tract have been reported, but vasculitis has not been demonstrated to be a cause of perforation in these cases. We report a ...
Ma C K - - 1989
The case of a 60-year-old man with massive lower intestinal bleeding, secondary to erosion of an abnormally large submucosal muscular artery in the ascending colon, is reported. The bleeding site was localized by angiography. The clinicopathologic presentation of this case is identical to Dieulafoy's disease, which occurs almost exclusively in ...
Bayer I - - 1989
The EEA stapler offers a relative easy technique for the control of severe bleeding from esophageal varices. Two cases are reported in which this technique in combination with proximal gastric devascularization and splenectomy was found to be superior to the performance of portosystemic shunt in emergency cases. The results of ...
Niemiec T R - - 1989
Diverticulum of the female urethra has an incidence of 1.4% to 4.7%. It is generally agreed that the majority of these are acquired lesions. There is, however, evidence that some are of congenital origin. Documented cases of diverticula with colon-type tissue are rare. A case of urethral diverticulum with colonic ...
Gad A - - 1989
In a consecutive prospective series of 208 Swedish primary peptic ulcer patients, 146 gastric, 55 duodenal and 7 in both sites, gastroduodenitis was found in 97.6% of the cases. The mucosal inflammation was associated with CP in 87% and 91% of the gastric and duodenal ulcer cases respectively. No significant ...
Ledley G S - - 1988
A 38-yr-old woman presented with abdominal pain, hematochezia, and fever of 7 days' duration. Computerized tomographic scanning revealed a mass 6 cm in diameter adherent to the sigmoid colon. At surgery, the mass was determined to be an endometrioma with an associated tubo-ovarian abscess eroding the sigmoid colonic wall. This ...
Bogomoletz W V - - 1988
The mucin profile of 24 endoscopic biopsies of heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) of the upper esophagus in adults and a control group of ten cases of Meckel's diverticula containing heterotopic gastric mucosa were studied with two combined histochemical methods: alcian blue pH 2.5/PAS and high iron diamine/alcian blue pH 2.5. ...
Herrera J L - - 1988
Saliva serves many functions in the upper digestive tract, with its roles in esophageal physiology, digestion, and gastric cytoprotection having been documented by many studies in the recent literature. Understanding the multiple functions of saliva and the consequences of its absence is of paramount importance to gastroenterologists. We present a ...
Testart J - - 1988
Analysis of the 27 cases of heterotopic gastric mucosa reported in the literature and a new case described here elucidates the main features of this disease: 1) all but one asymptomatic case were diagnosed in infants or in adults under 26 years old; 2) although rectal bleeding occurred in 24 ...
Rao K S - - 1988
A total of 50 consecutive patients who were treated in JIPMER Hospital between 1970 and 1981 for corrosive injuries of the oesophagus and stomach were analysed. There were 23 males and 27 females. All but seven presented with dysphagia due to an established stricture. In addition seven of them had ...
Wilkinson S - - 1988
Solitary colonic diverticula are rare. Most have been described in the cecum or ascending colon. Solitary diverticula of the transverse colon are extremely rare, and there are only a few reports in the English medical literature, all occurring in adulthood. This paper reports the case of a 13-year-old girl with ...
Barker A P - - 1988
Appendicitis is the first 3 years of life is uncommon and most cases are perforated at laparotomy. Case records at the Adelaide Children's Hospital were reviewed over a 12-year period. The findings were that acute appendicitis in this age group is commonly associated with respiratory symptoms and diarrhoea, the appendix ...
Angel J L - - 1988
Acute abdominal and shoulder pain in association with a pneumoperitoneum are common signs and symptoms of perforation of a hollow viscus. We report a case that describes the development of a postcoital pneumoperitoneum in an otherwise healthy postpartum patient. The literature is discussed, and supports this case as pneumoperitoneum in ...
Forouhar F A - - 1988
Two cases of atheromatous embolism of the small arteries of the stomach are reported. Insofar as has been ascertained, they are the first reported cases in the literature which presented symptoms of severe gastric bleeding and were found to have bleeding gastric ulcers on endoscopy. Both patients were successfully treated ...
Panés J - - 1988
The efficacy and complications of esophageal tamponade as the first procedure in the routine management of acute variceal hemorrhage were evaluated in 151 consecutive bleeding episodes treated at a specialized unit. The Sengstaken-Blakemore tube was employed in the 118 cases in which emergency endoscopy demonstrated bleeding esophageal varices, and the ...
Kirk A D - - 1988
We encountered four cases of toothbrush swallowing and reviewed the literature on this subject. A total of 31 toothbrushes within the gastrointestinal tract have been reported. None have passed spontaneously. Several have caused significant complications related to pressure necrosis, including gastritis, mucosal tears, and perforation. The recommended treatment is endoscopic ...
Hicks G W - - 1988
In this review of 925 cases of total and anterior perforations of the tympanic membrane reconstructed through the use of formaldehyde-formed-fascia (3-F) grafts, the postoperative nonperforation rate is 97.6%; blunting and/or lateralization of the graft was avoided in 93.5% of cases. Closure of the postoperative air-bone gap within 20 dB ...
Tadros S - - 1988
Colorectal perforation during barium enema examination is rare. The authors report the case of an 84-year-old woman in whom retroperitoneal perforation of the rectum occurred during barium enema examination. Potential mechanisms of injury include trauma, overinflation of the balloon, recent instrumentation and associated disease of the rectal mucosa. When the ...
Overby K J - - 1988
A case of asymptomatic pneumomediastinum in a 14-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa and self-induced emesis is reported to emphasize the atypical aspects of this case and the importance of differentiating benign from potentially life-threatening sources of mediastinal air. Individuals who engage in purging behavior are not only at increased risk ...
Hjortrup A - - 1987
Twenty-six cases are reported of ileo-cecal volvulus admitted to three community hospitals over a period of six years. The operative management of ileo-cecal volvulus is discussed. Based on the results and review of the literature the authors recommend a right hemicolectomy in the presence of gangrene or perforation, in other ...
Guillem J G - - 1987
A retrospective analysis was made of 372 consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy because of rectal bleeding. The three distinct patterns of bleeding studied were chronic (224 cases), recent major (93 cases), and acute bleeders (55 cases). In 50% of the cases, colonoscopy detected a lesion other than diverticula. These lesions ...
Berardi R S - - 1987
The natural histories of stercoraceous and spontaneous perforations of the colon have many similarities which justify their being considered in the same treatise. Both entities are infrequently diagnosed preoperatively, and both entities are associated with a high mortality. Although the incidence of stercoraceous and spontaneous perforations of the colon is ...
Pang J A - - 1987
Surgical emergencies caused by bowel metastases from carcinoma of the lung are very rare. A search of the English literature revealed less than 10 cases of bowel perforation and no case of haemorrhage. In this report, we describe three patients with both bowel perforation due to metastases from primary lung ...
Graffner H - - 1987
Gastric pseudolymphoma (GPL) is a rare entity which closely mimicks malignant lymphoma. Controversy still exists concerning the risk of malignant transformation. In this report a case of GPL occurring 8 years after a gastric resection due to duodenal ulcer is described. The patient has been followed for more than 10 ...
Brill D R - - 1987
Colonic varices is a rare condition, generally associated with portal hypertension, which normally presents as acute, severe, gastrointestinal blood loss. A case is presented in which the varicosities were observed serendipitously in a patient with a pancreatic tumor, in whom the bleeding was not variceal but due to two small ...
Timonen H - - 1987
A rare case of uterine perforation leading to ureter obstruction and ultimately to nephrectomy is presented to emphasize the importance of a careful IUD insertion technique and follow-up of IUD patients. Complications of this kind can be avoided by prompt localization of 'missing' IUDs by ultrasonography of X-ray.
Schroeder W W - - 1987
Ectopic gastric mucosa is a known entity of the mid and lower esophagus which was initially described by Schmidt in 1805. The presence of ectopic gastric mucosa in the cervical esophagus, however, was not described. A review of the literature reveals that ectopic gastric mucosa of the cervical esophagus is ...
Iko B O - - 1987
A radiological diagnosis of gastric volvulus (GV) was made in 11 of 576 consecutive upper gastrointestinal series at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, over a two-year period. The clinical symptoms were thoracico-abdominal in three and abdominal in eight; these cases were evaluated as acute in three, acute upon ...
Chait M M - - 1986
A unique case of hematemesis is presented. The cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding was a pyloroduodenal ulcer caused by erosion of a 5-cm gallstone impacted in the duodenal bulb. On review of the world literature of Bouveret's syndrome, this is the first case in which a preoperative diagnosis was well ...
Gudjonsson H - - 1986
We report a patient who developed recurrent massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding after successful obliteration of esophageal varices by sclerotherapy. A radionuclide study was very helpful in establishing diagnosis of the lesion responsible, a varix in the cecal area. Bleeding subsided after creation of a portacaval anastomosis. The literature pertaining to ...
Moore T C - - 1986
A case of high jejunal atresia with midgut deletion in the newborn is reported. The remnant of proximal jejunum near the ligament of Treitz shared a common supporting mesentery/mesocolon with the remaining midtransverse colon. The patient was managed by side-to-side anastomosis of the jejunal and transverse colonic remnants.
Vella-Camilleri F C - - 1986
Varices of the colon are uncommon and when present they are usually segmental. The cause of these segmental varices is usually portal hypertension. Diffuse variceal involvement of the colon is even more uncommon and up until now the two cases described in the literature have had an idiopathic etiology. We ...
McGrath R B - - 1986
Balloon tamponade of esophageal variceal hemorrhage is palliative therapy which is associated with a certain incidence of morbidity, perhaps mortality. Three cases of intrathoracic inflation of the gastric balloon of such tubes are described. The precise mechanism of thoracic placement remains uncertain. Fluoroscopy or chest x-ray should be used to ...
Thomalla J V - - 1986
Perforation of the uterus by an intrauterine device (IUD) is not an uncommon complication of this means of birth control. Comparatively, however, perforation of the bladder is uncommon, having been reported only seven times previously in the literature. This additional case is presented with review of the current literature and ...
Kaiser C W - - 1986
Distant nontraumatic clostridial myonecrosis in association with malignancy is an uncommon disorder, with only 14 well-documented cases previously reported in the English literature. Clostridium perfringens and C. septicum are the most common organisms, usually gaining access to the circulation through an ulcerated lesion of the small bowel or colon. A ...
Grundill W L - - 1986
A case of ruptured colon and massive faecal contamination of the peritoneal cavity after a difficult bowel movement is presented. A perforated peptic ulcer was suspected but a rupture of the rectosigmoid colon was found at operation. Surgical management included resection of the affected colon, proximal colostomy and closure of ...
Geelhoed G W - - 1986
We have reported the case of a 26-year-old man who had had intermittent but severe gastrointestinal bleeding over a 30-month period from a Meckel's diverticulum. Meckel's diverticulum should be searched for angiographically, even in the face of normal isotopic scans, in cases of chronic or intermittent gastrointestinal hemorrhage, particularly in ...
Rosenblatt R - - 1985
Uterine perforation and deep embedding by an intrauterine device (IUD) require exact determination of its location as a necessary step to safe and effective retrieval. Six cases of uterine perforation and four of embedding by an IUD were studied with ultrasonography (US) and hysterography. While US findings suggested the correct ...
Coovadia Y M - - 1985
A case of granuloma inguinale of the oral cavity clinically resembling actinomycosis is reported. This condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic ulcerative lesions of the mouth, especially in patients with associated genital ulcers.
Sondheimer J M - - 1985
Since the original description of solitary rectal ulcer by Cruveilheir in 1830, about 250 cases have been reported (1). The condition most frequently presents in adults between 30 and 50 years of age. There are very few pediatric case reports and none have come from North America. We report here ...
Guyton D P - - 1985
Stercoral perforation of the colon is a direct result of ischemic pressure necrosis by a stercoraceous mass. In over 90 per cent of cases, the perforation will involve either the sigmoid or rectosigmoid colon and is consistently centrally located within a region of mucosal ulceration of varying diameter and magnitude. ...
Shockley W W - - 1985
Complications related to perforations of the upper aerodigestive system carry a 15% mortality. Nine cases of intraluminal injuries to the hypopharynx and cervical esophagus are reviewed. Seven were related to iatrogenic causes and two associated with foreign bodies. This study details the cause and location of the injuries, associated signs ...
Araki S - - 1985
Factors affecting gastric and duodenal ulcers in factory workers were examined by a case-control study of 74 male cases of active and inactive ulcers and in the same number of control subjects by the use of our past study materials. The cases were found by mass surveys for gastrointestinal disease ...
Harper N - - 1985
Two cases of ulceration of the face following surgical sensory denervation are described. Both patients presented to a geriatric unit because of problems associated with mental impairment. There are relatively few reports of similar ulcers. A review of the literature suggests that mental impairment is an important aetiological factor.
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