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Results 401 - 450 of 488
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Clark J D - - 1997
CASES, an audit and continuing education programme, evaluated aspects of current orthodontic practice and allowed orthodontists to identify areas where their practice differed from regional and national results. Evaluation of the CASES programme verified its value in audit and continuing education and the authors hope it will encourage similar projects ...
Job A - - 1997
A rare case of laryngeal lipoma is reported with review of literature. We describe our technique of intra laryngeal excision of this tumour by microlaryngeal dissection.
Sumby B - - 1997
The search for alternatives to metered-dose inhalers has accelerated recently in a bid to find effective products that do not use chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) propellants. This paper reviews the factors to be considered in developing dry powder inhalers (DPIs), particularly the formulation, metering design and flow path in the device. The ...
Dario A - - 1997
A case of a 56-year-old woman that developed subarachnoid haemorrhage from iatrogenic post-traumatic aneurysm of the cortical middle cerebral artery due to a ventricular tap for hydrocephalus is presented. Previous reported cases of postsurgical aneurysms of the cerebral vessels are discussed and the pathogenesis, the clinical course, the outcome and ...
Ravikumar A - - 1997
Glomus Jugulare tumours are relatively rare. In the early stages the symptoms may simulate other otological conditions such as acute otitis media. We report a case of a 34 year old male with Glomus Jugulare, where the diagnosis was initially missed and later made on development of classical symptoms. The ...
Abouzahr M K - - 1997
Aneurysms of the digital vessels are rare. An aneurysm of the radial digital artery of the index finger in a child is reported to illustrate the clinical presentation and value of magnetic resonance arteriography in diagnosis. Literature review reveals that only 18 cases have been reported. These cases are analyzed ...
Hussain F M - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Transmyocardial laser revascularization is an investigational procedure that improves chronic angina that is not amenable to other forms of therapy. The theorized mechanism is an increased supply of oxygenated blood to the myocardium via the creation of left ventricular transmural channels. The objective of this review is ...
Asimakis P - - 1996
A review of current literature reveals continuing concerns regarding the safety and success of penetrating keratoplasty. Quality assurance within eyebanks is directed inter alia at the prevention of transmission of infection from donor to host. Recent controversy in the United Kingdom regarding the transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease underscores the need ...
Brunner P - - 1996
In recent years tritium has been used in plastic case watches as permanent light sources on watch dials. To measure the release of tritium through the plastic cases, 82 different waterproofed watches were immersed in a water bath for 24 h, and the tritium concentration of the water was measured. ...
Sowden L M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: For many years there has been a widely held but largely unsubstantiated belief that pain in the upper limb in decompression sickness (DCS) is associated with bounce diving, whereas compressed air workers, saturation divers and high altitude aviators are more susceptible to involvement of the lower limbs. HYPOTHESIS: The ...
Hodges A - - 1996
These three cases illustrate the importance of psychodynamic factors in the genesis of some cases of compensation neurosis, with the neurosis being seen as the expression of current and past rejections. These claimants had all experienced major early loss which they had denied; their rigid coping mechanisms focused upon hard ...
Dorsey D - - 1996
Adherence to terminology that no longer reflects current theories of female development is explored and challenged. In particular, the concepts of castration anxiety and phallic phase are examined and an argument is made for the general usage of the terms, feminine genital anxiety and infantile genital phase. Relevant literature is ...
Hammond R R - - 1995
We present the case of a man who died 11 years after the onset of xanthoma disseminatum. His course was marked by numerous, large recurrent intracranial dural-based xanthomatous tumors requiring repeated neurosurgical intervention. Late in his course there was progressive quadriparesis, ataxia, ophthalmoplegia and bulbar palsy as a result of ...
Harris D M - - 1995
Recent cases of 'proper names anomia' have been interpreted as arising from a category-specific recall deficit that is mediated either by the effects of 'uniqueness', or 'meaningfulness'. However, an alternative account is suggested by the report of a patient whose difficulties in naming familiar people arise from a selective learning ...
Viederman M - - 1995
The concept of conversion disorder as a change in somatic function that symbolically represents an unconscious conflict is currently challenged in the literature. In this article, the author elaborates on the psychodynamic concept of conversion and defines its characteristics and mode of diagnosis. The usefulness of this approach is demonstrated ...
Smit R L - - 1995
The prevalence and distribution of uveitis varies in different parts of the world due to geographic, genetic, alimentary, and demographic factors. Literature on the epidemiology of uveitis is rare, but it can give us a new insight in the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease. After a short summary of ...
Moore W S - - 1995
The process by which a multidisciplinary, expert panel arrived at a Consensus Statement concerning indications for carotid endarterectomy was reviewed. It is important to point out that this represents an interpretation of currently available data by the individual members of the Committee as it pertains to 96 specific potential indications ...
Batt M E - - 1995
This review is intended to improve the understanding of and rationale for the use of the term shin splints. Currently the term is used widely and variably, with little consensus of definition. Broadly, it denotes the occurrence of exertional lower leg pain; more specifically, it refers to an anatomical site ...
Birrell B - - 1995
The author examines changing trends in migration in Australia and possible policy implications. "There have been sharp recent increases in the arrivals of Independent, and spouse and fiance(e) category migrants. In both cases, the likely outcome from the point of view of costs to the Australian community are canvassed and ...
Albers D D - - 1994
A protocol for bile duct lithotripsy was formulated in early 1988 after review of the literature and encouragement by gastroenterologists. Seven cases have been treated at our center and are being reported to explain our current concept of this therapy. Failure of the Food and Drug Administration to approve gallstone ...
Memish Z A - - 1994
Two cases of group A streptococcus (gas) postpartum endometritis were diagnosed within 24 h following uncomplicated vaginal delivery. Investigation by the infection control service identified all 10 obstetric personnel who performed any invasive procedure on both cases. These personnel were questioned about a recent history of sore throat, skin lesions, ...
Grain L - - 1994
Brachyolmia is a form of spondylodysplasia that has not to the authors' knowledge been described in the UK. It may be a cause of short stature that is currently unrecognised. A case of an 11 year old boy with clinical, radiographic, and eye findings consistent with Toledo type brachyolmia is ...
Hitti I F - - 1994
The case of a 21-week fetus with bilateral femoral hypoplasia and bowing related to maternal diabetes mellitus is reported. The femoral middiaphysis (site of hypoplasia and bowing) showed intramembranous ossification instead of the normal endochondral ossification, thus pointing to a transient inhibition of chondrogenesis of the mesenchymal femoral model as ...
Bucciero A - - 1994
The case of a 32-year-old man with a giant, partially thrombosed, basilar artery aneurysm associated with moya-moya disease is described. The patient exhibited symptoms due to compression of the aneurysm on the right cerebral peduncle. He was discharged after conservative treatment for 10 days. Pathogenesis and management of this rare ...
Fox J T - - 1994
Traumatic aneurysms of the temporal artery are uncommon, with less than 200 cases reported in the literature. A case resulting from a head injury from playing a popular new survival game known as "paintball" is presented here. A general review of the literature on traumatic temporal artery aneurysms is provided, ...
Donner T R - - 1994
How many angiograms should be obtained after subarachnoid hemorrhage if the first one fails to identify an aneurysm? We recently encountered this common clinical problem: a patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage confirmed by computed tomography required three angiograms to identify an aneurysm at the posterior communicating artery. Review of the literature ...
Fransen P - - 1994
Dissecting aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery are an uncommon cause of stroke in the vertebrobasilar system, but they may also present with subarachnoid bleeding into the posterior fossa in 70% of the cases. Neither magnetic resonance imaging nor vertebral angiography show specific signs. Treatment should be neurosurgical to ...
Ambo T - - 1994
We report herein the case of a 56-year-old man found to have an isolated dissecting aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) after he presented with a 3-day history of postprandial epigastralgia of sudden onset. An echogram showed marked dilatation of the SMA and a high level of peripheral echoes ...
Holmes B - - 1993
Intracranial aneurysms are rare complications of head injury. Clinical and pathologic features as well as the surgical treatment of patients harboring traumatic intracranial aneurysms are presented. The latest neuroradiologic procedures as they relate to traumatic aneurysms are discussed. An illustrative case report is followed by a review of the literature.
Saim L - - 1993
Intracavernous carotid artery aneurysm following head injury is a rare occurrence. Two such cases presenting with delayed but massive and repeated epistaxis are reported and the literature reviewed. The first case required a trapping procedure while the second case had only cervical carotid ligation to control the bleeding. Both resulted ...
Snadden D - - 1993
The purpose of this review is to examine the current literature on hypothermia as it applies to exposure hypothermia of the type encountered in the mountains of Scotland. A brief overview of the problem, illustrated by a case example, is given. The current literature is then explored and then a ...
Pattullo A L - - 1993
Group A streptococci are an important cause of soft tissue infections but have rarely been reported as the cause of pyogenic meningitis since the advent of antibiotics. A case of group A streptococcal meningitis in an adult is presented along with a review of similar cases reported in the literature. ...
Bogers J J - - 1993
The ileocaecal junction remains a controversial region of the gut. There are still a lot of questions concerning its anatomical structure and function. In this review, a concise overview is given of the recent and older literature on the embryology, anatomy, including the intrinsic and extrinsic innervation, and the pharmacology ...
Tarabichi M - - 1993
We reviewed the reported experience with actinomycosis otomastoiditis in the international literature, along with a recent case from our experience. All recently reported cases presented with persistent drainage and partial response to multiple courses of antibiotics. Diagnosis was uniformly made postoperatively, and the outcome was excellent following a prolonged course ...
Nazarian S - - 1992
The purpose of this paper is to review the current concepts on spondylolysis and spondylolytic spondylolisthesis. The two are very closely connected, and both result from a growth disturbance of the lumbosacral vertebrae, linked to the human biped standing position, and depending on genetic and environmental factors. Pars defect occurs ...
Huang A R - - 1992
Lancefield group C streptococci are known to be pathogenic in a number of animal species, but cause human disease much less commonly than do streptococci of scrogroups A or B. Reported cases of bacteremic infection, pneumonia or meningitis in humans have been very severe with a grave prognosis. The authors ...
Jeganathan S - - 1992
Denture stomatitis is a common recurring problem of the denture wearers. The aetiology of the disease includes infection, trauma and probably a defect in the host defence mechanism. Current thinking suggests an interplay of most of these factors in the pathogenesis of the disease. The extent of interplay of these ...
Moriyama I - - 1992
In tonsillectomy, unexpected bleeding can be one of the most troublesome surgical procedures to perform. To resolve some inherent problems, we have developed a new elevator with contact Nd:YAG laser probe for blunt dissection around the tonsillar capsule. Of 63 cases of laser tonsillectomies performed over 5 years, 51 cases ...
Vive J - - 1992
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is a relatively recent but widely used technique. It is a safe procedure in experienced hands. Aneurysm formation at the site of angioplasty has rarely been recorded although the exact prevalence and natural history of the lesion is unknown. We review the literature and report a ...
Suzuki S - - 1992
Thirty-eight cases of giant serpentine aneurysms (GSA), including 17 GSA of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), were reviewed in the literature. The treatment possibilities of GSA of the MCA are discussed together with our own case who was a 39-year-old male with a GSA of the right MCA and was ...
Symon L - - 1992
Based on an own material of 64 cases a survey is given on the management of giant intracranial aneurysms. Essential investigations are as well CT and Magnetic Resonance Scanning as detailed angiographic studies. With regard to the operative handling the following questions are discussed: approach; use of temporary vascular occlusion ...
Davies I - - 1991
This review discusses a new hypothesis about cellular ageing in the context of current experimental observations and other well-known ideas, particularly "wear and tear," the relationship between metabolic rate and life span, and "free radical" reactions. However, even though these concepts are frequently used in the literature it is clear ...
Lowe M A - - 1991
Repair of the amputated penis may be successful using macroscopic and microscopic surgical realignments. However, to date, no one has reported return of erectile function documented by nocturnal penile tumescence. We report a case of traumatically amputated penis with microscopic repair and return of erectile function documented by nocturnal penile ...
Vossenberg F - - 1991
A case of subepicardial aneurysm is reported and 16 other cases found in the literature are reviewed. Although the subepicardial aneurysms are distinct from true and false aneurysms, their propensity for rupture is similar to false aneurysm. The incidence of this aneurysm is increasing due to the use of thrombolytic ...
Kirchberg J S - - 1991
A reptile caretaker was bitten and envenomated by Atractaspis bibronii while handling a box of "non-venomous" colubrid feeder snakes. The patient was bitten on a finger by a single fang. Pain and swelling were noted within 10 min and dissipated over the ensuing 3 days. This case report adds to ...
Nyui S - - 1991
We report herein an unusual case of a 77 year old man who developed chronic disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) caused by an aortoiliac aneurysm. After preoperative heparin therapy, the aneurysm was successfully replaced with a prosthetic graft despite heavy blood loss. Moreover, the infusion of platelet concentrate and autotransfusion proved ...
Laidlaw J D - - 1991
Neurocytoma has only recently been recognized as a distinct pathological entity. Previously a rare tumor, it is now being recognized with increasing frequency. It typically presents in an intraventricular location in young adults. Many neurocytomas were originally diagnosed by light microscopy as oligodendrogliomas. More recently they have been shown to ...
Briggs N C - - 1990
The authors report a case of tranylcypromine addiction and review the literature on the subject. Since the drug was first marketed in 1960, a total of 18 cases have been described. Predisposing risk factors and potential mechanisms for addiction are discussed. Given the current trend toward using tranylcypromine more frequently ...
Krick S E - - 1990
Vasodilators, specifically calcium-channel modulators, are currently in widespread use for the treatment of essential hypertension. Several reports of toxicity from immediate-release verapamil have appeared in the literature. We present a case of sustained-release verapamil overdose as a consequence of an attempted suicide. The treatment measures used in a verapamil toxicity ...
Junior P - - 1990
Naturally occurring iridoid compounds are widely distributed in sympetalous plants and they serve as important taxonomic markers. In this survey their classification is given from the biosynthetic point of view. The recent literature concerning isolation and structure elucidation is reviewed, data on chromatography and spectroscopy, new types of iridoids and ...
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